Tour de France 1998 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Deutsche Telekom 9 8 1 1 1 1
Festina Watches 9 9 0 0 0 0
Mercatone Uno-Bianchi 9 7 1 1 1 1
Mapei - Bricobi 9 5 2 1 0 0
Once 9 2 0 0 0 0
Rabobank 9 2 1 1 0 0
Casino 9 7 0 0 0 0
Banesto 9 5 0 0 0 0
Gan 9 3 0 0 0 0
Lotto- Mobistar 9 2 0 0 0 0
TVM- Farm Frites 9 9 0 0 0 0
Saeco Macchine da Caffe- Cannondale 9 6 0 0 0 0
La Française des jeux 9 3 0 0 0 0
Cofidis- Le crédit par téléphone 9 6 3 2 1 1
Team Polti 9 6 1 1 0 0
Asics-CGA 9 2 0 0 0 0
Vitalicio Seguros- Gruppo Generali 9 3 0 0 0 0
Kelme- Costa Blanca 9 3 0 0 0 0
US Postal Service 9 6 1 1 0 0
Riso Scotti- MG Maglificio 9 4 0 0 0 0
Big Mat 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 189 100 10 8 3 3
Pourcentage 52,91% 80% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (30/01/2008)

  1. Pantani Marco in 92h49'46'' - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
  2. Ullrich Jan at 03'21'' - 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
  3. Julich Bobby at 04'08'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  4. Rinero Christophe at 09'16''
  5. Boogerd Michael at 11'26'' - 2005 : confessions in 2013
  6. Robin Jean-cyril at 14'57'' - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  7. Meier Roland at 15'13'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
  8. Nardello Daniele at 16'07''
  9. Di Grande Giuseppe at 17'35'' - 2001 : in the act
  10. Merckx Axel at 17'39'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  11. Riis Bjarne at 19'10'' - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
  12. Baranowski Dariusz at 19'58''
  13. Heulot Stéphane at 20'57''
  14. Piepoli Leonardo at 22'45'' - 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
  15. Hamburger Bo at 26'39'' - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  16. Van De Wouwer Kurt at 27'20''
  17. Livingston Kevin at 34'03'' - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  18. Jaksche Jörg at 35'41'' - 1999 : police investigation ; 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  19. Farazijn Peter at 36'10'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  20. Teteriouk Andrei at 37'03''
  21. Bolts Udo at 37'25'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  22. Madouas Laurent at 39'54'' - 1994 : positive control
  23. Verheyen Geert at 41'23''
  24. Vasseur Cédric at 42'14''
  25. Berzin Evgueni at 42'51'' - 2000 : blood test
  26. Bourguignon Thierry at 43'53''
  27. Totschnig Georg at 50'13'' - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  28. Salmon Benoit at 51'18''
  29. Elli Alberto at 1h00'13'' - 2001 : in the act
  30. Bordenave Philippe at 1h05'55''
  31. Agnolutto Christophe at 1h11'03''
  32. Pozzi Oscar at 1h14'54''
  33. Den Bakker Maarten at 1h16'21''
  34. Jonker Patrick at 1h16'49''
  35. Chanteur Pascal at 1h19'32'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  36. Lelli Massimiliano at 1h20'15''
  37. Podenzana Massimo at 1h20'47'' - 1986 : positive control
  38. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 1h22'40''
  39. Leproux Denis at 1h25'05''
  40. Zberg Beat at 1h26'08''
  41. Lebreton Lylian at 1h28'19'' - 1994 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  42. Tafi Andrea at 1h29'22'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  43. Aldag Rolf at 1h29'27'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  44. Moerenhout Koos at 1h29'37''
  45. Meinert-nielsen Peter at 1h29'52'' - 1993 : positive control
  46. Forconi Riccardo at 1h30'33'' - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
  47. Sacchi Fabio at 1h31'53'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2002 : in the act
  48. Jemison Marty at 1h34'27'' - 199x : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
  49. Jalabert Nicolas at 1h38'45''
  50. Donati Massimo at 1h38'59''
  51. Hamilton Tyler at 1h39'53'' - 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
  52. Borgheresi Simone at 1h40'04'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  53. Hincapie George at 1h40'39'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012
  54. O'grady Stuart at 1h46'04'' - 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  55. Simeoni Filippo at 1h47'19'' - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
  56. Heppner Jens at 1h50'43'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  57. Simon François at 1h52'41''
  58. Andreu Frankie at 1h53'44'' - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  59. Gouvenou Thierry at 1h55'20''
  60. Conti Roberto at 1h55'33'' - 2002 : in the act
  61. Desbiens Laurent at 1h56'28'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  62. Zabel Erik at 1h56'57'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  63. Van Bon Leon at 1h57'30''
  64. Van Hyfte Paul at 1h58'02''
  65. Durand Jacky at 1h59'42'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  66. Mengin Christophe at 2h00'35''
  67. Guesdon Frédéric at 2h05'08''
  68. Peeters Wilfried at 2h06'16''
  69. Verbrugghe Rik at 2h06'17''
  70. Backstedt Magnus at 2h08'30''
  71. Mazzoleni Eddy at 2h10'19'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act ; 2004 : positive control ; 2005 : police investigation
  72. Fontanelli Fabiano at 2h11'37'' - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
  73. Zanini Stefano at 2h12'11'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  74. Turicchia Alain at 2h14'12'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  75. Crepaldi Mirko at 2h15'05''
  76. Ferrari Diego at 2h15'46''
  77. Jan Xavier at 2h15'51''
  78. Lino Pascal at 2h16'13'' - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
  79. Roscioli Fabio at 2h17'53''
  80. Henn Christian at 2h19'52'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  81. Djavanian Viatcheslav at 2h21'31''
  82. Brasi Rossano at 2h22'10'' - 2000 : blood test
  83. Voigt Jens at 2h25'14''
  84. Deramé Pascal at 2h26'25''
  85. Steels Tom at 2h26'30'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  86. Poli Eros at 2h31'56'' - 1986 : positive control
  87. Sivakov Alexei at 2h33'19''
  88. Vierhouten Aart at 2h35'06''
  89. Mcewen Robbie at 2h36'32''
  90. Fornaciari Paolo at 2h37'50''
  91. Mori Massimiliano at 2h38'12'' - 2003 : fraud
  92. Leysen Bart at 2h39'43''
  93. Frattini Francesco at 2h43'16''
  94. Bouyer Franck at 2h43'45''
  95. Traversoni Mario at 2h44'42''
  96. Nazon Damien at 3h12'15''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Rinero Christophe
  2. Nardello Daniele
  3. Baranowski Dariusz
  4. Heulot Stéphane
  5. Van De Wouwer Kurt
  6. Teteriouk Andrei
  7. Verheyen Geert
  8. Vasseur Cédric
  9. Bourguignon Thierry
  10. Salmon Benoit
  11. Bordenave Philippe
  12. Agnolutto Christophe
  13. Pozzi Oscar
  14. Den Bakker Maarten
  15. Jonker Patrick
  16. Lelli Massimiliano
  17. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  18. Leproux Denis
  19. Zberg Beat
  20. Moerenhout Koos
  21. Jalabert Nicolas
  22. Donati Massimo
  23. Simon François
  24. Gouvenou Thierry
  25. Van Bon Leon
  26. Van Hyfte Paul
  27. Mengin Christophe
  28. Guesdon Frédéric
  29. Peeters Wilfried
  30. Verbrugghe Rik
  31. Backstedt Magnus
  32. Crepaldi Mirko
  33. Ferrari Diego
  34. Jan Xavier
  35. Roscioli Fabio
  36. Djavanian Viatcheslav
  37. Voigt Jens
  38. Deramé Pascal
  39. Sivakov Alexei
  40. Vierhouten Aart
  41. Mcewen Robbie
  42. Fornaciari Paolo
  43. Leysen Bart
  44. Frattini Francesco
  45. Bouyer Franck
  46. Traversoni Mario
  47. Nazon Damien



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Deutsche Telekom

23 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 1,35 per year

1. Ullrich Jan - 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
2. Aldag Rolf - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
3. Bolts Udo - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
4. Frattini Francesco
5. Henn Christian - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
6. Heppner Jens - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
7. Riis Bjarne - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
8. Totschnig Georg - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
9. Zabel Erik - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Festina Watches

12 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 2,17 per year

11. Virenque Richard - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
12. Brochard Laurent - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
13. Dufaux Laurent - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
14. Hervé Pascal - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
15. Meier Armin - 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair
16. Moreau Christophe - 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
17. Rous Didier - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998
18. Stephens Neil - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
19. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)

Mercatone Uno-Bianchi

7 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 2,57 per year

21. Pantani Marco - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
22. Barbero Sergio - 2001 : positive control
23. Borgheresi Simone - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
24. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
25. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
26. Forconi Riccardo - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
27. Konyshev Dimitri
28. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control
29. Traversoni Mario

Mapei - Bricobi

27 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 0,93 per year

31. Ballerini Franco - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
32. Di Grande Giuseppe - 2001 : in the act
33. Leysen Bart
34. Nardello Daniele
35. Peeters Wilfried
36. Steels Tom - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
37. Svorada Jan
38. Tafi Andrea - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
39. Zanini Stefano - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act

Once

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

41. Jalabert Laurent - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
42. Bruyneel Johan - 199x : judicial investigation
43. Diaz Justo Rafael
44. Diaz Zabala Herminio
45. Garcia Alonso Marcelino
46. Mauleon Javier
47. Mauri Melchior
48. Perez Rodriguez Luis
49. Sierra Roberto

Rabobank

35 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,4 per year

51. Boogerd Michael - 2005 : confessions in 2013
52. Dekker Erik - 1999 : positive control
53. Den Bakker Maarten
54. Jonker Patrick
55. Mcewen Robbie
56. Moerenhout Koos
57. Van Bon Leon
58. Vierhouten Aart
59. Zberg Beat

Casino

28 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,61 per year

61. Hamburger Bo - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
62. Agnolutto Christophe
63. Barthe Stéphane - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
64. Chanteur Pascal - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
65. Durand Jacky - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
66. Elli Alberto - 2001 : in the act
67. Kirsipuu Jan - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
68. Massi Rodolfo - 1998 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
69. Salmon Benoit

Banesto

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

71. Olano Abraham - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
72. Alonso Marino
73. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
74. Beltran Manuel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
75. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
76. Jimenez José-maria - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
77. Pena Miguel Angel
78. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
79. Solaun Solana César - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)

Gan

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

81. Boardman Chris
82. Backstedt Magnus
83. Moncassin Frédéric - 199x : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
84. O'grady Stuart - 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
85. Poli Eros - 1986 : positive control
86. Seigneur Eddy
87. Simon François
88. Vasseur Cédric
89. Voigt Jens

Lotto- Mobistar

91. Madouas Laurent - 1994 : positive control
92. Farazijn Peter - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
93. Laukka Joona
94. Tchmil Andrei
95. Teteriouk Andrei
96. Van De Wouwer Kurt
97. Van Hyfte Paul
98. Verbrugghe Rik
99. Verheyen Geert

TVM- Farm Frites

25 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 1 per year

101. Roux Laurent - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act
102. Blijlevens Jeroen - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
103. De Jongh Steven - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions
104. Ivanov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
105. Knaven Servais - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
106. Michaelsen Lars - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
107. Ouchakov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
108. Van Petegem Peter - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
109. Voskamp Bertus - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)

Saeco Macchine da Caffe- Cannondale

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

111. Cipollini Mario - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
112. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
113. Donati Massimo
114. Fagnini Gianmatteo
115. Fornaciari Paolo
116. Mazzoleni Eddy - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act ; 2004 : positive control ; 2005 : police investigation
117. Mori Massimiliano - 2003 : fraud
118. Piepoli Leonardo - 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
119. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act

La Française des jeux

23 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,39 per year

121. Berzin Evgueni - 2000 : blood test
122. Bouyer Franck
123. Guesdon Frédéric
124. Heulot Stéphane
125. Jan Xavier
126. Magnien Emmanuel - 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
127. Mengin Christophe
128. Nazon Damien
129. Sciandri Maximilian - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)

Cofidis- Le crédit par téléphone

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

131. Casagrande Francesco - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
132. Desbiens Laurent - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
133. Gaumont Philippe - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control (2 times) (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2004 : confessions
134. Jalabert Nicolas
135. Julich Bobby - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
136. Lelli Massimiliano
137. Livingston Kevin - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
138. Meier Roland - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
139. Rinero Christophe

Team Polti

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

141. Leblanc Luc - 1994 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions (no penalty)
142. Brasi Rossano - 2000 : blood test
143. Crepaldi Mirko
144. Guidi Fabrizio - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
145. Guidi Leonardo
146. Jaksche Jörg - 1999 : police investigation ; 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
147. Martinello Silvio
148. Merckx Axel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
149. Sacchi Fabio - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2002 : in the act

Asics-CGA

3 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 1 per year

151. Bianchi Carlo Marino
152. Bongioni Alessio
153. Ferrari Diego
154. Pozzi Oscar
155. Roscioli Fabio
156. Schiavina Samuele
157. Shefer Alexandre
158. Simeoni Filippo - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
159. Turicchia Alain - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Vitalicio Seguros- Gruppo Generali

161. Blanco Gil Santiago
162. Benitez Esbri Francisco
163. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
164. Casero Angel - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
165. Ferrigato Andrea
166. Garcia David
167. Garcia Rodriguez Francisco-tomas - 2001 : positive control
168. Indurain Prudencio
169. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro

Kelme- Costa Blanca

36 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,72 per year

171. Escartin Fernando
172. Cabello Francisco - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
173. Contreras Carlos-alberto
174. De Los Angeles Juan-josé
175. Gomez Gonzalo José Javier
176. Gonzalez Capilla Santos - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
177. Rodriguez José
178. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
179. Vidal Jose-angel

US Postal Service

17 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 1 per year

181. Robin Jean-cyril - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
182. Andreu Frankie - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
183. Baranowski Dariusz
184. Deramé Pascal
185. Ekimov Viatcheslav
186. Hamilton Tyler - 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
187. Hincapie George - 1996 : confessions in 2012
188. Jemison Marty - 199x : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
189. Meinert-nielsen Peter - 1993 : positive control

Riso Scotti- MG Maglificio

7 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,43 per year

191. Baldato Fabio
192. Bobrik Vladislav
193. Brignoli Ermanno - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
194. Caruso Roberto
195. Casagranda Stefano - 2000 : in the act
196. De Beni Federico
197. Minali Nicola - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
198. Pistore Roberto
199. Spezialetti Alessandro - 2004 : in the act

Big Mat

27 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,22 per year

201. Lino Pascal - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
202. Auger Ludovic
203. Bordenave Philippe
204. Bourguignon Thierry
205. Djavanian Viatcheslav
206. Gouvenou Thierry
207. Lebreton Lylian - 1994 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
208. Leproux Denis
209. Sivakov Alexei



See also