Tour de France 1983 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
COOP-MERCIER-MAVIC 10 6 0 0 0 0
RENAULT-ELF-GITANE 10 4 2 2 1 1
TI RALEIGH-CAMPAGNOLO 10 5 2 1 1 1
PEUGEOT-SHELL-MICHELIN 10 6 1 1 0 0
CILO-AUFINA 10 3 0 0 0 0
BOULE D'OR-COLNAGO-CAMPAGNOLO 10 2 0 0 0 0
J.AERNOUDT-HOONVED-MARC ZEEP 10 2 0 0 0 0
LA REDOUTE-MOTOBECANE 10 7 1 1 0 0
WOLBER 10 6 1 1 0 0
SEM-MAVIC-REYDEL 10 6 1 1 0 0
EURO SHOP-MONDIAL MOQUETTE-SPLENDOR 10 7 0 0 0 0
METAUROMOBILI-PINARELLO 10 1 1 1 0 0
COLOMBIE-VARTA 10 2 0 0 0 0
REYNOLDS 10 4 1 1 1 1
Total 140 61 10 9 3 3
Pourcentage 43,57% 90% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Fignon Laurent in 105h07'52'' - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
  2. Arroyo Angel at 04'04'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control
  3. Winnen Peter at 04'09'' - 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
  4. Van Impe Lucien at 04'16'' - 1981 : absence to control
  5. Alban Robert at 07'53'' - 1981 : positive control
  6. Bernaudeau Jean-rené at 08'59'' - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  7. Kelly Sean at 12'09'' - 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : positive control
  8. Madiot Marc at 14'55'' - 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
  9. Anderson Phil at 16'56'' - 1983 : positive control
  10. Lubberding Henk at 18'55''
  11. Agostinho Joachim at 19'00'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  12. Boyer Jonathan at 19'57''
  13. Roche Stephen at 21'30''
  14. Millar Robert at 23'29'' - 1992 : positive control
  15. Delgado Pedro at 25'44'' - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
  16. Corredor Alvarez Edgar at 26'08''
  17. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio at 28'05''
  18. Criquielion Claude at 33'29'' - 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
  19. Michaud Jacques at 35'34''
  20. Seznec Christian at 39'49'' - 1988 : positive control
  21. Bazzo Pierre at 40'34'' - 1983 : positive control
  22. Breu Beat at 43'53'' - 1979 : positive control
  23. Zoetemelk Joop at 47'40'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  24. Caritoux Eric at 52'56'' - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
  25. Vandenbroucke Jean-luc at 54'08'' - 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1978 : positive control and confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  26. Arnaud Dominique at 57'23''
  27. Veldscholten Gérard at 1h00'00''
  28. Andersen Kim at 1h02'58'' - 1985 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1992 : positive control
  29. De Rooy Theo at 1h05'41'' - 198x : confessions in 2014 (no penalty)
  30. Durant Marc at 1h09'28''
  31. Ferretti Antonio at 1h11'33''
  32. Le Bigaut Pierre at 1h14'22'' - 1982 : absence to control ; 1987 : positive control
  33. Vigneron Alain at 1h18'13''
  34. Gavillet Bernard at 1h21'06'' - 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  35. Vanoverschelde Didier at 1h24'19'' - 1983 : positive control
  36. Clerc Patrick at 1h25'40'' - 1981 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1982 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1983 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
  37. Van Der Poel Adrie at 1h29'53'' - 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  38. Bonnet Patrick at 1h31'53'' - 1981 : positive control
  39. Vandi Alfio at 1h32'59''
  40. Garde Dominique at 1h33'50''
  41. Leleu Philippe at 1h34'08''
  42. Pirard Frits at 1h39'22''
  43. Martin Raymond at 1h40'25'' - 1982 : positive control
  44. Rios Abelardo at 1h40'59''
  45. Jourdan Christian at 1h42'45'' - 1980 : positive control
  46. Prieto Celestino at 1h46'08''
  47. Chevallier Philippe at 1h50'10''
  48. Wijnants Ludwig at 1h50'12'' - 1985 : positive control
  49. Haghedooren Paul at 1h51'17'' - 1988 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1990 : positive control (no penalty)
  50. Linard Hubert at 1h53'15''
  51. Greciano Anastasio at 1h53'52''
  52. Didier Lucien at 1h54'45'' - 1982 : positive control
  53. Bourreau Bernard at 1h54'46'' - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
  54. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus at 1h58'39''
  55. Hernandez Carlos at 1h58'46''
  56. Bérard Charly at 1h59'05'' - 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
  57. Cabrera Samuel at 2h03'48'' - 2004 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  58. Vallet Bernard at 2h04'02'' - 1982 : absence to control
  59. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert at 2h05'18'' - 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
  60. Moreau Claude at 2h06'10''
  61. Jules Pascal at 2h06'29''
  62. Bossis Jacques at 2h06'50'' - 1983 : positive control
  63. De Vos Hendrik at 2h07'46'' - 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
  64. Lopez Alfonso at 2h09'42''
  65. Gaigne Dominique at 2h09'58''
  66. Rodriguez Jean-françois at 2h10'29'' - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
  67. Rogiers Rudy at 2h10'38''
  68. Wijnants Jan at 2h10'53''
  69. Jones Graham at 2h15'03''
  70. Urbany Eugène at 2h16'43''
  71. Demierre Serge at 2h19'33''
  72. Lammerts Johan at 2h21'15''
  73. De Keulenaer Ludo at 2h22'37'' - 1992 : fraud & confessions
  74. Dall'armelina Eric at 2h25'54''
  75. Aja Enrique at 2h29'49''
  76. Gauthier Jean-louis at 2h32'15''
  77. Janiszewski Guy at 2h35'19''
  78. Brun Frédéric at 2h44'00''
  79. Biondi Laurent at 2h44'04'' - 2005 : police investigation (no penalty)
  80. Van Houwelingen Jan at 2h45'47''
  81. Manders Henri at 2h56'46''
  82. Dierickx Marc at 2h57'16''
  83. Thalmann Julius at 3h01'48''
  84. Maechler Erich at 3h16'31''
  85. Glaus Gilbert at 3h33'56'' - 1978 : positive control (no penalty)
  86. Gallopin Guy at 3h34'57''
  87. Russenberger Marcel at 3h42'07''
  88. Laurens Marcel at 4h02'46''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lubberding Henk
  2. Boyer Jonathan
  3. Roche Stephen
  4. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
  5. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio
  6. Michaud Jacques
  7. Arnaud Dominique
  8. Veldscholten Gérard
  9. Durant Marc
  10. Ferretti Antonio
  11. Vigneron Alain
  12. Vandi Alfio
  13. Garde Dominique
  14. Leleu Philippe
  15. Pirard Frits
  16. Rios Abelardo
  17. Prieto Celestino
  18. Chevallier Philippe
  19. Linard Hubert
  20. Greciano Anastasio
  21. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus
  22. Hernandez Carlos
  23. Moreau Claude
  24. Jules Pascal
  25. Lopez Alfonso
  26. Gaigne Dominique
  27. Rogiers Rudy
  28. Wijnants Jan
  29. Jones Graham
  30. Urbany Eugène
  31. Demierre Serge
  32. Lammerts Johan
  33. Dall'armelina Eric
  34. Aja Enrique
  35. Gauthier Jean-louis
  36. Janiszewski Guy
  37. Brun Frédéric
  38. Van Houwelingen Jan
  39. Manders Henri
  40. Dierickx Marc
  41. Thalmann Julius
  42. Maechler Erich
  43. Gallopin Guy
  44. Russenberger Marcel
  45. Laurens Marcel



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

COOP-MERCIER-MAVIC

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

1. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
2. Andersen Kim - 1985 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1992 : positive control
3. Bazzo Pierre - 1983 : positive control
4. Clère Régis - 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
5. Gauthier Jean-louis
6. Laurent Michel
7. Le Bigaut Pierre - 1982 : absence to control ; 1987 : positive control
8. Martin Raymond - 1982 : positive control
9. Michaud Jacques
10. Moreau Claude

RENAULT-ELF-GITANE

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

11. Becaas Bernard
12. Bérard Charly - 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
13. Chevallier Philippe
14. Didier Lucien - 1982 : positive control
15. Fignon Laurent - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
16. Gaigne Dominique
17. Jules Pascal
18. Madiot Marc - 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
19. Poisson Pascal
20. Vigneron Alain

TI RALEIGH-CAMPAGNOLO

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

21. Van Der Velde Johann - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
22. De Keulenaer Ludo - 1992 : fraud & confessions
23. De Rooy Theo - 198x : confessions in 2014 (no penalty)
24. Lammerts Johan
25. Lubberding Henk
26. Oosterbosch Bert - 1989 : overdose, dead
27. Raas Jan
28. Van Vliet Leo
29. Veldscholten Gérard
30. Winnen Peter - 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)

PEUGEOT-SHELL-MICHELIN

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

31. Anderson Phil - 1983 : positive control
32. Bossis Jacques - 1983 : positive control
33. Bourreau Bernard - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
34. Brun Frédéric
35. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert - 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
36. Garde Dominique
37. Linard Hubert
38. Millar Robert - 1992 : positive control
39. Roche Stephen
40. Simon Pascal - 1983 : positive control

CILO-AUFINA

41. Breu Beat - 1979 : positive control
42. Bolle Thierry
43. Demierre Serge
44. Ferretti Antonio
45. Gavillet Bernard - 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
46. Glaus Gilbert - 1978 : positive control (no penalty)
47. Maechler Erich
48. Russenberger Marcel
49. Seiz Hubert
50. Thalmann Julius

BOULE D'OR-COLNAGO-CAMPAGNOLO

9 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,11 per year

51. Willems Daniel
52. De Cnijf Roger
53. Janiszewski Guy
54. Matthys Rudy - 1985 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control
55. Segers Noël
56. Urbany Eugène
57. Van Houwelingen Jan
58. Vermeulen Patrick
59. Wijnants Jan
60. Wijnants Ludwig - 1985 : positive control

J.AERNOUDT-HOONVED-MARC ZEEP

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

61. Kuiper Hennie
62. Dierickx Marc
63. Emonds Nico - 1990 : positive control ; 1995 : positive control
64. Laurens Marcel
65. Martens René
66. Manders Henri
67. Nulens Guy
68. Rogiers Rudy
69. Vanderaerden Eric
70. Van Der Poel Adrie - 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)

LA REDOUTE-MOTOBECANE

6 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 1 per year

71. Alban Robert - 1981 : positive control
72. Biondi Laurent - 2005 : police investigation (no penalty)
73. De Muynck Johan
74. De Wilde Etienne - 1987 : positive control (no penalty)
75. Gallopin Guy
76. Guyot Pascal
77. Jourdan Christian - 1980 : positive control
78. Vallet Bernard - 1982 : absence to control
79. Vandenbroucke Jean-luc - 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1978 : positive control and confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
80. Vanoverschelde Didier - 1983 : positive control

WOLBER

5 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 1,4 per year

81. Bernaudeau Jean-rené - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
82. Arnaud Dominique
83. Bonnet Patrick - 1981 : positive control
84. Durant Marc
85. Gomez Marc - 198x : confessions in 1983 (no penalty)
86. Jones Graham
87. Leleu Philippe
88. Rodriguez Jean-françois - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
89. Seznec Christian - 1988 : positive control
90. Vincendeau Claude - 1981 : absence to control

SEM-MAVIC-REYDEL

8 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 1,12 per year

91. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
92. Bittinger René
93. Boyer Jonathan
94. Caritoux Eric - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
95. Chappuis André - 1986 : testimony (no penalty)
96. Clerc Patrick - 1981 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1982 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1983 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
97. Dall'armelina Eric
98. Grezet Jean-marie
99. Kelly Sean - 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : positive control
100. Rooks Steven - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)

EURO SHOP-MONDIAL MOQUETTE-SPLENDOR

101. Criquielion Claude - 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
102. Claes Ronny
103. De Vos Hendrik - 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
104. Dhaenens Rudy - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
105. Haghedooren Paul - 1988 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1990 : positive control (no penalty)
106. Mckenzie Eric - 1982 : positive control
107. Tackaert William - 1986 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
108. Van Brabant Benny
109. Van De Wiele Eric
110. Wampers Jean-marie - 1986 : positive control (sanction not known)

METAUROMOBILI-PINARELLO

111. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
112. Bincoletto Pierangelo
113. Franceschini Marco
114. Groppo Marco
115. Luyten Louis
116. Magrini Riccardo
117. Pinori Nedo
118. Pirard Frits
119. Silseth Ole Kristian
120. Vandi Alfio

COLOMBIE-VARTA

121. Florez Ortiz Alfonso - 1981 : positive control
122. Cabrera Samuel - 2004 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
123. Casas Fabio
124. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
125. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio
126. Perez Cristobal
127. Lopez Alfonso
128. Rios Abelardo
129. Rubiano Pachon Julio Alberto
130. Tolosa Calvo Rafael-antonio

REYNOLDS

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

131. Arroyo Angel - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control
132. Aja Enrique
133. Delgado Pedro - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
134. Gorospe Julian - 1984 : positive control
135. Greciano Anastasio
136. Hernandez Carlos
137. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus
138. Laguia Martinez José-luis - 1983 : positive control
139. Prieto Celestino
140. Vilamajo Jaime



See also