Tour de France 1994 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
BANESTO 9 1 1 1 1 1
MAPEI-CLAS 9 6 0 0 0 0
GB-MG TECHNOGYM 9 5 1 1 0 0
MOTOROLA 9 6 0 0 0 0
GEWISS-BALLAN 9 6 1 1 1 1
CARRERA-TASSONI 9 4 2 2 1 1
ONCE 9 4 1 1 0 0
LAMPRE-PANARIA 9 5 1 1 0 0
GAN 9 2 0 0 0 0
FESTINA 9 5 2 2 0 0
TEAM POLTI 9 5 0 0 0 0
CASTORAMA 9 6 0 0 0 0
TVM-BISON 9 6 0 0 0 0
TELEKOM 9 8 1 1 0 0
ZG MOBILI-SELLE ITALIA 9 3 0 0 0 0
WORDPERFECT 9 1 0 0 0 0
NOVEMAIL-LASER 9 3 0 0 0 0
KELME-AVIANCA 9 6 0 0 0 0
CHAZAL-M.B.K-KONIG 9 3 0 0 0 0
LOTTO-VETTA-CALOI 9 2 0 0 0 0
MERCATONE UNO-MEDEGHINI 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 189 89 10 10 3 3
Pourcentage 47,09% 100% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Indurain Miguel in 103h38'38'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  2. Ugrumov Piotr at 05'39'' - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  3. Pantani Marco at 07'19'' - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
  4. Leblanc Luc at 10'03'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions (no penalty)
  5. Virenque Richard at 10'10'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  6. Conti Roberto at 12'29'' - 2002 : in the act
  7. Elli Alberto at 20'17'' - 2001 : in the act
  8. Zülle Alex at 20'35'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  9. Bolts Udo at 25'19'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  10. Poulnikov Vladimir at 25'28'' - 1997 : positive control
  11. Lino Pascal at 26'01'' - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
  12. Escartin Fernando at 30'38''
  13. Bortolami Gianluca at 32'35'' - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
  14. Riis Bjarne at 33'32'' - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
  15. Pellicioli Oscar at 34'55''
  16. Rodriguez Nelson at 35'18''
  17. Bernard Jean-françois at 36'44''
  18. Buenahora Hernan at 38'00'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  19. Sorensen Rolf at 42'39'' - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  20. Hamburger Bo at 43'44'' - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  21. Davy Thomas at 46'41'' - 1995 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1997 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known)
  22. Caritoux Eric at 47'19'' - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
  23. Munoz Federico at 48'33'' - 2004 : positive control
  24. Van De Laer Jim at 48'35''
  25. Cenghialta Bruno at 51'30'' - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  26. Mottet Charly at 51'44'' - 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
  27. Zberg Beat at 57'06''
  28. Audehm Gerd at 57'44''
  29. Breukink Erik at 59'55''
  30. Olano Abraham at 1h01'29'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  31. Mejia Alvaro at 1h01'43'' - 1987 : positive control
  32. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon at 1h02'40''
  33. Hervé Pascal at 1h07'16'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
  34. Echave Musatadi Federico at 1h07'45'' - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
  35. Dufaux Laurent at 1h09'30'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
  36. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 1h09'50''
  37. Vona Franco at 1h10'41''
  38. Aldag Rolf at 1h10'59'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  39. Zaina Enrico at 1h12'16''
  40. Gonzales Arsenio at 1h12'41''
  41. Vanzella Flavio at 1h24'05'' - 1986 : positive control
  42. Chioccioli Franco at 1h26'52''
  43. Simon François at 1h30'50''
  44. Kasputis Arturas at 1h37'46''
  45. Skibby Jesper at 1h41'21'' - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  46. Perona Davide at 1h43'05''
  47. Bagot Jean-claude at 1h44'06''
  48. Arroyo Miguel at 1h44'11''
  49. Uriarte José-ramon at 1h44'51''
  50. Lauritzen Dag-otto at 1h45'54''
  51. Seigneur Eddy at 1h47'15''
  52. Stephens Neil at 1h47'59'' - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
  53. Marie Thierry at 1h48'47''
  54. Perini Giancarlo at 1h50'07'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  55. Camargo Angel at 1h50'08''
  56. Rue Gérard at 1h51'28''
  57. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine at 1h51'34'' - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
  58. Furlan Giorgio at 1h52'18'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  59. Muller Jörg (sui) at 1h52'19'' - 1987 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  60. Heppner Jens at 1h53'46'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  61. Peron Andrea at 1h53'47'' - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
  62. Bobrik Vladislav at 1h55'12''
  63. Ouchakov Sergueï at 1h57'31'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  64. Manin Christophe at 1h58'02''
  65. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 1h58'09'' - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  66. Pensec Ronan at 1h59'02''
  67. Aparicio Vicente at 1h59'34''
  68. Roosen Luc at 2h00'43''
  69. Anderson Phil at 2h01'13'' - 1983 : positive control
  70. Alcala Gallegos Raul at 2h04'41''
  71. Yates Sean at 2h04'45'' - 1989 : positive control (no penalty)
  72. Zdhanov Dimitri at 2h08'20''
  73. Jaermann Rolf at 2h10'46'' - 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
  74. Louviot Philippe at 2h12'10''
  75. Ghirotto Massimo at 2h12'49''
  76. Bomans Carlo at 2h12'55''
  77. De Vries Gerrit at 2h14'53''
  78. Gouvenou Thierry at 2h15'23''
  79. Kvalsvoll Atle at 2h15'23''
  80. Museeuw Johan at 2h17'26'' - 2003 : judicial investigation ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  81. Chanteur Pascal at 2h17'36'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  82. De Clercq Peter at 2h21'43''
  83. Hodge Stephen at 2h23'50'' - 1991 : confessions in 2012
  84. Raab Uwe at 2h24'38'' - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
  85. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar at 2h24'52''
  86. Zen Marco at 2h25'13''
  87. Cabello Francisco at 2h25'35'' - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  88. Nulens Guy at 2h25'52''
  89. Andreu Frankie at 2h26'24'' - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  90. Bontempi Guido at 2h26'27'' - 1987 : positive control
  91. Thibout Bruno at 2h26'42''
  92. Wauters Marc at 2h28'38''
  93. Redant Hendrik at 2h28'57''
  94. Martinello Silvio at 2h29'04''
  95. Mauri Melchior at 2h30'20''
  96. Edo Angel at 2h31'01'' - 1998 : blood test
  97. Kummer Mario at 2h31'42'' - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  98. Verdonck Rudy at 2h32'24''
  99. Nijboer Erwin at 2h34'27''
  100. Zamana Cezary at 2h34'43'' - 1999 : positive control
  101. Dekker Erik at 2h34'52'' - 1999 : positive control
  102. Leanizbarrutia Alberto at 2h36'05''
  103. Svorada Jan at 2h36'25''
  104. Dernies Michel at 2h36'31''
  105. Ludwig Olaf at 2h37'37'' - 2006 : police investigation
  106. Henn Christian at 2h37'48'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  107. Bottaro Dario at 2h39'17''
  108. Cassani Davide at 2h41'32''
  109. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 2h42'06''
  110. Fidanza Giovanni at 2h42'47''
  111. Rossi Remo at 2h43'51''
  112. Swart Stephen at 2h44'38'' - 1995 : confessions in 2004 (no penalty)
  113. Moreau Francis at 2h51'13'' - 1996 : positive control
  114. Chiesa Mario at 2h52'02''
  115. Poli Eros at 2h52'41'' - 1986 : positive control
  116. Mulders Rob at 3h08'32''
  117. Talen John at 3h39'03''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Escartin Fernando
  2. Pellicioli Oscar
  3. Rodriguez Nelson
  4. Bernard Jean-françois
  5. Van De Laer Jim
  6. Zberg Beat
  7. Audehm Gerd
  8. Breukink Erik
  9. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon
  10. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  11. Vona Franco
  12. Zaina Enrico
  13. Gonzales Arsenio
  14. Chioccioli Franco
  15. Simon François
  16. Kasputis Arturas
  17. Perona Davide
  18. Bagot Jean-claude
  19. Arroyo Miguel
  20. Uriarte José-ramon
  21. Lauritzen Dag-otto
  22. Seigneur Eddy
  23. Marie Thierry
  24. Camargo Angel
  25. Rue Gérard
  26. Bobrik Vladislav
  27. Manin Christophe
  28. Pensec Ronan
  29. Aparicio Vicente
  30. Roosen Luc
  31. Alcala Gallegos Raul
  32. Zdhanov Dimitri
  33. Louviot Philippe
  34. Ghirotto Massimo
  35. Bomans Carlo
  36. De Vries Gerrit
  37. Gouvenou Thierry
  38. Kvalsvoll Atle
  39. De Clercq Peter
  40. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
  41. Zen Marco
  42. Nulens Guy
  43. Thibout Bruno
  44. Wauters Marc
  45. Redant Hendrik
  46. Martinello Silvio
  47. Mauri Melchior
  48. Verdonck Rudy
  49. Nijboer Erwin
  50. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
  51. Svorada Jan
  52. Dernies Michel
  53. Bottaro Dario
  54. Cassani Davide
  55. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  56. Fidanza Giovanni
  57. Rossi Remo
  58. Chiesa Mario
  59. Mulders Rob
  60. Talen John



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

BANESTO

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

1. Indurain Miguel - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
2. Alonso Marino
3. Aparicio Vicente
4. Bernard Jean-françois
5. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon
6. Mauri Melchior
7. Nijboer Erwin
8. Rue Gérard
9. Uriarte José-ramon

MAPEI-CLAS

27 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 0,93 per year

11. Rominger Tony - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
12. Bortolami Gianluca - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
13. Echave Musatadi Federico - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
14. Emonds Nico - 1990 : positive control ; 1995 : positive control
15. Escartin Fernando
16. Gonzales Arsenio
17. Muller Jörg (sui) - 1987 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
18. Olano Abraham - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
19. Unzaga Bombin Jon

GB-MG TECHNOGYM

7 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,43 per year

21. Museeuw Johan - 2003 : judicial investigation ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
22. Bomans Carlo
23. Cassani Davide
24. Elli Alberto - 2001 : in the act
25. Jaermann Rolf - 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
26. Peeters Wilfried
27. Sorensen Rolf - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
28. Vanzella Flavio - 1986 : positive control
29. Vona Franco

MOTOROLA

31. Armstrong Lance - 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty)
32. Alcala Gallegos Raul
33. Anderson Phil - 1983 : positive control
34. Andreu Frankie - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
35. Bauer Steve
36. Dernies Michel
37. Mejia Alvaro - 1987 : positive control
38. Swart Stephen - 1995 : confessions in 2004 (no penalty)
39. Yates Sean - 1989 : positive control (no penalty)

GEWISS-BALLAN

5 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,8 per year

41. Riis Bjarne - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
42. Bobrik Vladislav
43. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
44. Bottaro Dario
45. Cenghialta Bruno - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
46. Furlan Giorgio - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
47. Minali Nicola - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
48. Ugrumov Piotr - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
49. Zaina Enrico

CARRERA-TASSONI

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

51. Chiappucci Claudio - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
52. Artunghi Marco
53. Bertolini Alessandro - 1997 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
54. Chiesa Mario
55. Mantovan Mario
56. Pantani Marco - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
57. Poulnikov Vladimir - 1997 : positive control
58. Rossi Remo
59. Zberg Beat

ONCE

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

61. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
62. Breukink Erik
63. Diaz Zabala Herminio
64. Dufaux Laurent - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
65. Jalabert Laurent - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
66. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
67. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
68. Sierra Roberto
69. Stephens Neil - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)

LAMPRE-PANARIA

71. Tonkov Pavel - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
72. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
73. Faresin Gianni - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
74. Galletti Alessio - 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
75. Gontchenkov Alexandre
76. Lietti Marco
77. Serpellini Marco - 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
78. Svorada Jan
79. Zen Marco

GAN

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

81. Dojwa Jean-philippe
82. Boardman Chris
83. Capelle Christophe
84. Colotti Jean-claude
85. Gouvenou Thierry
86. Lemond Greg
87. Moreau Francis - 1996 : positive control
88. Rous Didier - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998
89. Seigneur Eddy

FESTINA

12 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 2,17 per year

91. Leblanc Luc - 1994 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions (no penalty)
92. Bagot Jean-claude
93. Hervé Pascal - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
94. Hodge Stephen - 1991 : confessions in 2012
95. Lino Pascal - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
96. Torres Roberto
97. Van Poppel Jean-paul
98. Vermote Michel
99. Virenque Richard - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)

TEAM POLTI

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

101. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
102. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
103. Fidanza Giovanni
104. Martinelli Gianvito
105. Ouchakov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
106. Pellicioli Oscar
107. Peron Andrea - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
108. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
109. Zdhanov Dimitri

CASTORAMA

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

111. De Las Cuevas Armand - 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
112. Davy Thomas - 1995 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1997 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known)
113. Desbiens Laurent - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
114. Durand Jacky - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
115. Madouas Laurent - 1994 : positive control
116. Magnien Emmanuel - 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
117. Marie Thierry
118. Simon François
119. Thibout Bruno

TVM-BISON

25 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 1 per year

121. Rooks Steven - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
122. Capiot Johan
123. Lauritzen Dag-otto
124. Hamburger Bo - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
125. Harmeling Rob
126. Meinert-nielsen Peter - 1993 : positive control
127. Skibby Jesper - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
128. Theunisse Gert-jan - 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control
129. Voskamp Bertus - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)

TELEKOM

23 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 1,35 per year

131. Ludwig Olaf - 2006 : police investigation
132. Aldag Rolf - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
133. Audehm Gerd
134. Bolts Udo - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
135. Henn Christian - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
136. Heppner Jens - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
137. Kummer Mario - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
138. Raab Uwe - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
139. Zabel Erik - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

ZG MOBILI-SELLE ITALIA

141. Ghirotto Massimo
142. Casartelli Fabio
143. Colage Stefano
144. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
145. Perini Giancarlo - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
146. Perona Davide
147. Redant Hendrik
148. Rodriguez Nelson
149. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)

WORDPERFECT

151. Ekimov Viatcheslav
152. Dekker Erik - 1999 : positive control
153. Kvalsvoll Atle
154. Maassen Frans
155. Van Bon Leon
156. Mulders Rob
157. Van Hooydonck Edwig
158. Van Lancker Eric
159. Wauters Marc

NOVEMAIL-LASER

2 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,5 per year

161. Mottet Charly - 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
162. Cornillet Bruno
163. De Vries Gerrit
164. Jonker Patrick
165. Louviot Philippe
166. Nelissen Wilfried - 1993 : positive control
167. Nulens Guy
168. Pensec Ronan
169. Sergeant Marc - 1983 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control

KELME-AVIANCA

36 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,72 per year

171. Cubino Laudelino - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
172. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
173. Cabello Francisco - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
174. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
175. Camargo Angel
176. Edo Angel - 1998 : blood test
177. Garcia Camacho Ignacio
178. Munoz Federico - 2004 : positive control
179. Zamana Cezary - 1999 : positive control

CHAZAL-M.B.K-KONIG

181. Caritoux Eric - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
182. Arroyo Miguel
183. Bourgeot Jean-pierre
184. Chanteur Pascal - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
185. Guazzini Gérard
186. Kasputis Arturas
187. Kirsipuu Jan - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
188. Manin Christophe
189. Vermey Marco

LOTTO-VETTA-CALOI

191. Tchmil Andrei
192. De Clercq Mario - 2004 : judicial investigation
193. De Clercq Peter
194. Farazijn Peter - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
195. Frison Herman
196. Magalhaes Wanderley
197. Roosen Luc
198. Van De Laer Jim
199. Verdonck Rudy

MERCATONE UNO-MEDEGHINI

201. Chioccioli Franco
202. Baffi Adriano
203. Fina Rosario
204. Lanfranchi Paolo
205. Martinello Silvio
206. Petito Giuseppe
207. Petito Roberto - 1997 : positive control (no penalty)
208. Poli Eros - 1986 : positive control
209. Talen John



See also