Tour de France 1973 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
GAN-MERCIER 11 8 1 0 0 0
SONOLOR 11 8 1 1 0 0
CARPENTER-SHIMANO-FLANDRIA 11 6 0 0 0 0
PEUGEOT-BP 11 7 2 2 1 1
BIC 11 8 2 2 1 1
WATNEY-MAES 11 3 0 0 0 0
ROKADO 11 5 1 1 0 0
GITANE-FRIGECREME 11 6 1 1 0 0
CANADA DRY-GAZELLE 11 1 0 0 0 0
DE KOVA-LEJEUNE 11 5 0 0 0 0
KAS 11 3 2 0 1 0
LA CASERA-BAHAMONTES 11 2 0 0 0 0
Total 132 62 10 7 3 2
Pourcentage 46,97% 70% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Ocana Luis in 122h25'34'' - 1977 : positive control
  2. Thévenet Bernard at 15'51'' - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  3. Fuente José-manuel at 17'15''
  4. Zoetemelk Joop at 26'22'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  5. Van Impe Lucien at 30'20'' - 1981 : absence to control
  6. Van Springel Herman at 32'01'' - 1966 : positive control
  7. Perin Michel at 33'02''
  8. Agostinho Joachim at 35'51'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  9. Lopez-carril Vicente at 36'18''
  10. Ovion Régis at 36'59'' - 1976 : positive control
  11. Delisle Raymond at 37'43'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  12. Martinez Mariano at 40'49'' - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
  13. Torres Pedro at 47'30''
  14. Catieau José at 49'12'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
  15. Martos Antonio at 49'20''
  16. Houbrechts Antoon at 49'38''
  17. Aimar Lucien at 49'54'' - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  18. Mendes Fernando at 51'22'' - 1977 : positive control ; 1980 : absence to control
  19. Mortensen Leif at 52'18'' - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
  20. Galdos Francisco at 53'05''
  21. Labourdette Bernard at 1h04'49'' - 1976 : fraud
  22. Danguillaume Jean-pierre at 1h08'41'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  23. Zubero Luis at 1h18'49''
  24. Dewitte Ronald at 1h19'18'' - 1974 : positive control
  25. Balague Luis at 1h20'11''
  26. Grelin René at 1h20'33''
  27. Genty Jean-claude at 1h21'06'' - 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
  28. Berland Roland at 1h22'07''
  29. Lazcano Santiago at 1h25'27''
  30. Martelozzo Pierre at 1h27'51''
  31. Santy Alain at 1h29'19'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : absence to control (no penalty)
  32. Schleck Johnny at 1h34'06''
  33. Martins José at 1h34'36'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  34. Pollentier Michel at 1h36'03'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
  35. Martin Raymond at 1h36'10'' - 1982 : positive control
  36. Rouxel Charles at 1h47'42'' - 1975 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  37. Tschan Jurgen at 1h49'20''
  38. Torres Damasco at 1h49'23''
  39. Manzaneque Jesus at 1h51'40'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
  40. Menendez Antonio at 1h55'58'' - 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  41. Melero Carlos at 1h58'07'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  42. Julien Ferdinand at 2h01'12''
  43. Hoban Barry at 2h03'00'' - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
  44. Boishardy Marcel at 2h03'38''
  45. Oliveira Herculano at 2h05'13''
  46. Genet Jean-pierre at 2h07'14''
  47. Gonzales-linares José-antonio at 2h08'07'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
  48. Tollet Claude at 2h09'04'' - 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control
  49. Largeau Jean-claude at 2h09'22''
  50. Grande José at 2h09'40''
  51. Roques Michel at 2h10'41'' - 1973 : positive control
  52. Van Vlierberghe Albert at 2h13'02''
  53. Vasseur Sylvain at 2h13'56'' - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
  54. Esperanza Jesus at 2h14'49''
  55. Ducreux Daniel at 2h15'21'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control
  56. Bouloux Robert at 2h15'55''
  57. Wright Michael at 2h23'21''
  58. Blain Christian at 2h23'35'' - 1975 : positive control
  59. Vianen Gérard at 2h24'21'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
  60. Teirlinck Willy at 2h24'44'' - 1977 : positive control
  61. Besnard Gérard at 2h28'25''
  62. Sanquer Jean-jacques at 2h29'05''
  63. Nogues Alain at 2h33'41'' - 1976 : fraud
  64. Godefroot Walter at 2h34'49'' - 1967 : absence to control ; 1973 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
  65. Van Roosbroeck Gustaaf at 2h38'02'' - 1976 : absence to control
  66. Grosskost Charly at 2h38'43'' - 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
  67. Esclassan Jacques at 2h42'03'' - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
  68. Mollet André at 2h43'05'' - 1982 : confessions in 1987 (no penalty) ; 198x : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
  69. Van Der Leeuw Theo at 2h43'38''
  70. Botherel Jacques at 2h45'45'' - 1976 : positive control
  71. Demeyer Marc at 2h46'08''
  72. Campaner Francis at 2h47'21'' - 1971 : positive control
  73. David Wilfried at 2h50'33'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : positive control
  74. Krekels Jan at 2h54'39''
  75. Mourioux Jacky at 2h59'21'' - 1973 : positive control
  76. Santy Guy at 3h01'19''
  77. Riotte Raymond at 3h04'24''
  78. Moneyron Gérard at 3h05'20'' - 197x : confessions in 1977 (sanction not known)
  79. Mintkiewicz Robert at 3h07'58'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  80. Gaida Alfred at 3h32'23''
  81. Delépine Régis at 3h14'21'' - 1975 : positive control
  82. Genthon Charles at 3h42'20'' - 1974 : positive control
  83. Geneste Noël at 4h17'31''
  84. Baud Jean-claude at 4h33'09''
  85. Blocher Jean-claude at 4h36'56'' - 1973 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1975 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  86. Hochart Jacques-andré at 4h51'09''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Fuente José-manuel
  2. Perin Michel
  3. Lopez-carril Vicente
  4. Torres Pedro
  5. Martos Antonio
  6. Houbrechts Antoon
  7. Galdos Francisco
  8. Zubero Luis
  9. Balague Luis
  10. Grelin René
  11. Berland Roland
  12. Lazcano Santiago
  13. Martelozzo Pierre
  14. Schleck Johnny
  15. Tschan Jurgen
  16. Torres Damasco
  17. Julien Ferdinand
  18. Boishardy Marcel
  19. Oliveira Herculano
  20. Genet Jean-pierre
  21. Largeau Jean-claude
  22. Grande José
  23. Van Vlierberghe Albert
  24. Esperanza Jesus
  25. Bouloux Robert
  26. Wright Michael
  27. Besnard Gérard
  28. Sanquer Jean-jacques
  29. Van Der Leeuw Theo
  30. Demeyer Marc
  31. Krekels Jan
  32. Santy Guy
  33. Riotte Raymond
  34. Gaida Alfred
  35. Geneste Noël
  36. Baud Jean-claude
  37. Hochart Jacques-andré



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

GAN-MERCIER

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

1. Poulidor Raymond - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
2. Delépine Régis - 1975 : positive control
3. Genet Jean-pierre
4. Grelin René
5. Grosskost Charly - 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
6. Guimard Cyrille - 1970 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1974 : positive control
7. Hoban Barry - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
8. Martinez Mariano - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
9. Moneyron Gérard - 197x : confessions in 1977 (sanction not known)
10. Mourioux Jacky - 1973 : positive control
11. Perin Michel

SONOLOR

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

12. Besnard Gérard
13. Botherel Jacques - 1976 : positive control
14. Hézard Yves - 1971 : positive control
15. Mintkiewicz Robert - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
16. Riotte Raymond
17. Roques Michel - 1973 : positive control
18. Tabak Tino
19. Teirlinck Willy - 1977 : positive control
20. Tollet Claude - 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control
21. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
22. Vanneste Willy - 1967 : positive control

CARPENTER-SHIMANO-FLANDRIA

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

23. David Wilfried - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : positive control
24. De Brauwere Lucien
25. Delcroix Ludo
26. Demeyer Marc
27. Dewitte Ronald - 1974 : positive control
28. Ducreux Daniel - 1971 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control
29. Godefroot Walter - 1967 : absence to control ; 1973 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
30. Mendes Fernando - 1977 : positive control ; 1980 : absence to control
31. Pollentier Michel - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
32. Sanquer Jean-jacques
33. Van Marcke Ronny

PEUGEOT-BP

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

34. Bouloux Robert
35. Danguillaume Jean-pierre - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
36. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
37. Esclassan Jacques - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
38. Martelozzo Pierre
39. Mollet André - 1982 : confessions in 1987 (no penalty) ; 198x : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
40. Ovion Régis - 1976 : positive control
41. Parenteau Jean-pierre
42. Rouxel Charles - 1975 : absence to control (sanction not known)
43. Thévenet Bernard - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
44. Tschan Jurgen

BIC

8 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 3,5 per year

45. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
46. Berland Roland
47. Catieau José - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
48. Genty Jean-claude - 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
49. Labourdette Bernard - 1976 : fraud
50. Mortensen Leif - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
51. Ocana Luis - 1977 : positive control
52. Santy Alain - 1971 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : absence to control (no penalty)
53. Santy Guy
54. Schleck Johnny
55. Vasseur Sylvain - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)

WATNEY-MAES

20 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,5 per year

56. Abbeloos Willy
57. Aerts Paul
58. Bodart Emile - 1972 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
59. Coulon Michel
60. Doyen André
61. Opdebeeck Englebert
62. Planckaert Walter - 1977 : positive control
63. Van Cauter Gustaaf
64. Van Staeyen Ludo
65. Verbeeck Frans - 1972 : positive control
66. Verstraeten Eddy

ROKADO

4 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,75 per year

67. De Geest Willy
68. Gaida Alfred
69. Gilson Roger - 1968 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control
70. Houbrechts Antoon
71. Nassen Pieter
72. Peffgen Wilfried - 1969 : positive control
73. Pintens Georges
74. Schepers Wim - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
75. Van Roosbroeck Gustaaf - 1976 : absence to control
76. Van Springel Herman - 1966 : positive control
77. Van Vlierberghe Albert

GITANE-FRIGECREME

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

78. Pereira De Andrade Joaquim
79. Bellone Gilbert - 1966 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1969 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1973 : positive control (no penalty)
80. Campaner Francis - 1971 : positive control
81. Julien Ferdinand
82. Largeau Jean-claude
83. Martin Raymond - 1982 : positive control
84. Millard Joël
85. Nogues Alain - 1976 : fraud
86. Vianen Gérard - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
87. Wright Michael
88. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)

CANADA DRY-GAZELLE

89. De Koning Mathijs
90. Janbroers Ben
91. Kelleners Wim
92. Krekels Jan
93. Martins José - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
94. Noels Ludovicius
95. Oliveira Herculano
96. Prinsen Wim
97. Pustjens Mathieu
98. Van Der Leeuw Theo
99. Vrancken Jo

DE KOVA-LEJEUNE

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

100. Aimar Lucien - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
101. Baud Jean-claude
102. Blain Christian - 1975 : positive control
103. Blocher Jean-claude - 1973 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1975 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
104. Boishardy Marcel
105. Carletti Joseph
106. Gandarias Andres
107. Geneste Noël
108. Genthon Charles - 1974 : positive control
109. Hochart Jacques-andré
110. Podesta Richard - 1973 : absence to control

KAS

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

111. Aja Gonzalo
112. Fuente José-manuel
113. Galdos Francisco
114. Gonzales-linares José-antonio - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
115. Grande José
116. Lazcano Santiago
117. Lopez-carril Vicente
118. Martos Antonio
119. Melero Carlos - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
120. Menendez Antonio - 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
121. Zubero Luis

LA CASERA-BAHAMONTES

7 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,14 per year

122. Abilleira José-luis
123. Balague Luis
124. Esperanza Jesus
125. Gomez Lucas José
126. Gonzales Felix
127. Manzaneque Jesus - 1974 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
128. Tamames Agustin
129. Torres Damasco
130. Torres Pedro
131. Viejo José-luis - 1975 : positive control
132. Zurano Juan



See also