Tour de France 1991 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Z 9 3 1 0 0 0
CARRERA-JEANS 9 5 1 1 1 1
PDM-CONCORDE 9 2 0 0 0 0
BANESTO 9 2 2 2 1 1
ONCE 9 3 0 0 0 0
GATORADE-CHATEAU D'AX 9 3 1 1 1 1
LOTTO-SUPERCLUB-MBK 9 3 0 0 0 0
MOTOROLA 9 2 1 0 0 0
AMAYA SEGUROS 9 2 0 0 0 0
CASTORAMA 9 4 2 2 0 0
HELVETIA 9 1 1 0 0 0
RYALCO-POSTOBON 9 3 0 0 0 0
ARIOSTEA 9 4 0 0 0 0
RMO-MAVIC-LIBERIA 9 6 1 1 0 0
TVM-SANYO 9 2 0 0 0 0
PANASONIC-SPORTLIFE 9 4 0 0 0 0
WEINMANN-EDDY MERCKX 9 2 0 0 0 0
HISTOR-SIGMA 9 5 0 0 0 0
TOSHIBA 9 1 0 0 0 0
BUCKLER 9 1 0 0 0 0
TONTON TAPIS-CORONA 9 1 0 0 0 0
CLAS-CAJASTUR 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 198 61 10 7 3 3
Pourcentage 30,81% 70% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Indurain Miguel in 101h01'20'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  2. Bugno Gianni at 03'36'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  3. Chiappucci Claudio at 05'56'' - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
  4. Mottet Charly at 07'37'' - 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
  5. Leblanc Luc at 10'10'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions (no penalty)
  6. Fignon Laurent at 11'27'' - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
  7. Lemond Greg at 13'13''
  8. Hampsten Andrew at 13'40''
  9. Delgado Pedro at 20'10'' - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
  10. Rue Gérard at 20'13''
  11. Chozas Eduardo at 21'00''
  12. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo at 26'47''
  13. Theunisse Gert-jan at 27'10'' - 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control
  14. Bernard Jean-françois at 28'57''
  15. Fondriest Maurizio at 30'09''
  16. Roux Denis at 30'40''
  17. Caritoux Eric at 32'39'' - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
  18. Camargo Alberto at 32'54''
  19. Mejia Alvaro at 33'52'' - 1987 : positive control
  20. Vichot Frédéric at 36'43''
  21. Delion Gilles at 38'43''
  22. Murguialday Javier at 39'11''
  23. Simon Jérôme at 39'14''
  24. Philipot Fabrice at 41'56''
  25. Bourguignon Thierry at 42'32''
  26. Rooks Steven at 44'49'' - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
  27. Claveyrolat Thierryh - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
  28. Esnault Patrice at 46'14''
  29. Conti Roberto at 46'41'' - 2002 : in the act
  30. Giovannetti Marco at 47'06''
  31. Herrera Luis at 47'58''
  32. Ampler Uwe at 49'11'' - 1993 : confessions in 1994 (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
  33. Ruiz Cabestany Pello at 53'21''
  34. De Vries Gerrit at 54'47''
  35. Bruyneel Johan at 57'28'' - 199x : judicial investigation
  36. Bagot Jean-claude at 58'40''
  37. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo at 59'20''
  38. Boyer Eric at 59'51'' - 198x : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  39. Leanizbarrutia Alberto at 1h03'09''
  40. Giannelli Alessandro at 1h03'52''
  41. Pensec Ronan at 1h06'04''
  42. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 1h06'17''
  43. Cardenas Ordus Henry at 1h07'23''
  44. Louviot Philippe at 1h07'31''
  45. Anderson Phil at 1h08'13'' - 1983 : positive control
  46. Moncada Guiza Gerardo at 1h08'45''
  47. Ribeiro Mauro at 1h09'45''
  48. De Jesus Vargas Oscar at 1h11'04'' - 1992 : positive control
  49. Richard Pascal at 1h11'16''
  50. Virvaleix Didier at 1h12'05''
  51. Pillon Laurent at 1h12'27''
  52. Konyshev Dimitri at 1h16'56''
  53. Lejarreta Marino at 1h18'08'' - 1985 : positive control
  54. Cornillet Bruno at 1h18'59''
  55. Mauleon Francisco at 1h20'28''
  56. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h20'42'' - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  57. Simon Pascal at 1h22'17'' - 1983 : positive control
  58. Montoya Reynel at 1h23'15'' - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
  59. Argentin Moreno at 1h23'21''
  60. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert at 1h26'57'' - 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
  61. Gaston Crespi Inaki at 1h28'43''
  62. Nulens Guy at 1h29'10''
  63. Krieger Dominik at 1h29'21''
  64. Mauri Melchior at 1h29'25''
  65. Kappes Andreas at 1h29'38'' - 1997 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
  66. Espinosa Sampere Francisco at 1h30'55''
  67. Hodge Stephen at 1h32'52'' - 1991 : confessions in 2012
  68. Arnould Dominique at 1h33'20''
  69. Winterberg Guido at 1h34'35''
  70. Lino Pascal at 1h34'38'' - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
  71. Jalabert Laurent at 1h36'05'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  72. Millar Robert at 1h36'06'' - 1992 : positive control
  73. Lurvik Olaf at 1h39'31''
  74. Montoya Alarcon Jesus at 1h41'21''
  75. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 1h42'13''
  76. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel at 1h42'14''
  77. Arnaud Dominique at 1h42'32''
  78. Van Orsouw Marc at 1h43'45'' - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  79. Golz Rolf at 1h43'47''
  80. Colotti Jean-claude at 1h44'54''
  81. Sergeant Marc at 1h44'59'' - 1983 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control
  82. Jacobs Patrick at 1h45'55''
  83. Jaermann Rolf at 1h46'45'' - 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
  84. Van Lancker Eric at 1h47'47''
  85. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine at 1h49'05'' - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
  86. Zdhanov Dimitri at 1h49'32''
  87. Casado Philippeh
  88. Poulnikov Vladimir at 1h50'50'' - 1997 : positive control
  89. Tebaldi Valerio at 1h53'01''
  90. Van Den Abbeele Frank at 1h53'27''
  91. Elli Alberto at 1h55'35'' - 2001 : in the act
  92. Lavainne Christophe at 1h56'16''
  93. Zaina Enrico at 1h57'38''
  94. Stevenhaagen Peter at 1h58'03'' - 1988 : confessions (no penalty)
  95. Peeters Wilfried at 1h58'52''
  96. Bontempi Guido at 2h00'29'' - 1987 : positive control
  97. Bauer Steve at 2h00'57''
  98. Gianetti Mauro at 2h02'03''
  99. Lance Pascal at 2h03'35''
  100. Rodriguez Magro Jesus at 2h04'21''
  101. Lemarchand François at 2h04'30''
  102. Laurent Thierry at 2h06'07'' - 1995 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1997 : confessions in 2003 (sanction not known) ; 1997 : blood test
  103. Van Hooydonck Edwig at 2h06'43''
  104. Chaparro Cardozo Arsenio at 2h06'48''
  105. Dernies Michel at 2h07'03''
  106. Leclerc Roland at 2h07'26'' - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 199x : confessions in 2002
  107. Riis Bjarne at 2h08'01'' - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
  108. Abadie Henri at 2h08'03''
  109. Verdonck Rudy at 2h09'54''
  110. Chaubet Christian at 2h11'22''
  111. Marie Thierry at 2h12'37''
  112. Cassani Davide at 2h12'38''
  113. Stutz Werner at 2h12'48''
  114. Ludwig Olaf at 2h12'54'' - 2006 : police investigation
  115. Madiot Marc at 2h13'22'' - 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
  116. Zimmermann Urs at 2h13'58''
  117. Nijdam Jelle at 2h15'05''
  118. Vermote Michel at 2h15'32''
  119. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier at 2h16'23''
  120. Perini Giancarlo at 2h16'47'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  121. Jdanov Vassili at 2h16'52''
  122. Duch Ballestar Javier at 2h17'04''
  123. Alonso Marino at 2h19'44''
  124. Holm Brian at 2h20'16'' - 199x : confessions (sanction not known)
  125. De Wilde Etienne at 2h20'21'' - 1987 : positive control (no penalty)
  126. Bishop Andy at 2h20'30''
  127. Vanderaerden Eric at 2h20'43''
  128. Maechler Erich at 2h21'05''
  129. Maassen Frans at 2h21'31''
  130. Verschueren Patrick at 2h23'49''
  131. Gusmeroli Roberto at 2h25'30''
  132. Moreau Francis at 2h26'06'' - 1996 : positive control
  133. Solleveld Gerrit at 2h26'47''
  134. Pavlic Yure at 2h26'56''
  135. Pedersen Per at 2h28'11'' - 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  136. Ouslamine Serguei at 2h29'21''
  137. De Clercq Peter at 2h29'26''
  138. Kiefel Ron at 2h31'24''
  139. Schur Jan at 2h31'45''
  140. Redant Hendrik at 2h32'11''
  141. Zanatta Stefano at 2h32'27''
  142. Van Slycke Rik at 2h38'25'' - 1988 : positive control
  143. Guerricagoitia Enrique at 2h39'48''
  144. Manders Henri at 2h43'34''
  145. Achermann Alfred at 2h44'38'' - 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
  146. Siemons Jan at 2h44'58''
  147. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 2h45'04'' - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  148. Oliveira Boga José-manuel at 2h46'27''
  149. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 2h48'11'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  150. Willems Ludwig at 2h58'10''
  151. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria at 2h58'47''
  152. Schurer Eddy at 2h58'55''
  153. Roche Lawrence at 2h59'25''
  154. Poels Twan at 3h00'15''
  155. Wegmuller Thomas at 3h00'26''
  156. Barth Thomas at 3h05'33''
  157. Veenstra Wiebren at 3h13'58''
  158. Harmeling Rob at 3h25'51''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lemond Greg
  2. Hampsten Andrew
  3. Rue Gérard
  4. Chozas Eduardo
  5. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo
  6. Bernard Jean-françois
  7. Fondriest Maurizio
  8. Roux Denis
  9. Camargo Alberto
  10. Vichot Frédéric
  11. Delion Gilles
  12. Murguialday Javier
  13. Simon Jérôme
  14. Philipot Fabrice
  15. Bourguignon Thierry
  16. Esnault Patrice
  17. Giovannetti Marco
  18. Herrera Luis
  19. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
  20. De Vries Gerrit
  21. Bagot Jean-claude
  22. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
  23. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
  24. Giannelli Alessandro
  25. Pensec Ronan
  26. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  27. Cardenas Ordus Henry
  28. Louviot Philippe
  29. Moncada Guiza Gerardo
  30. Ribeiro Mauro
  31. Richard Pascal
  32. Virvaleix Didier
  33. Pillon Laurent
  34. Konyshev Dimitri
  35. Cornillet Bruno
  36. Mauleon Francisco
  37. Argentin Moreno
  38. Gaston Crespi Inaki
  39. Nulens Guy
  40. Krieger Dominik
  41. Mauri Melchior
  42. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
  43. Arnould Dominique
  44. Winterberg Guido
  45. Lurvik Olaf
  46. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
  47. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  48. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel
  49. Arnaud Dominique
  50. Golz Rolf
  51. Colotti Jean-claude
  52. Jacobs Patrick
  53. Van Lancker Eric
  54. Zdhanov Dimitri
  55. Casado Philippe
  56. Tebaldi Valerio
  57. Van Den Abbeele Frank
  58. Lavainne Christophe
  59. Zaina Enrico
  60. Peeters Wilfried
  61. Bauer Steve
  62. Gianetti Mauro
  63. Lance Pascal
  64. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
  65. Lemarchand François
  66. Van Hooydonck Edwig
  67. Chaparro Cardozo Arsenio
  68. Dernies Michel
  69. Abadie Henri
  70. Verdonck Rudy
  71. Chaubet Christian
  72. Marie Thierry
  73. Cassani Davide
  74. Stutz Werner
  75. Zimmermann Urs
  76. Nijdam Jelle
  77. Vermote Michel
  78. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier
  79. Jdanov Vassili
  80. Duch Ballestar Javier
  81. Alonso Marino
  82. Bishop Andy
  83. Vanderaerden Eric
  84. Maechler Erich
  85. Maassen Frans
  86. Verschueren Patrick
  87. Gusmeroli Roberto
  88. Solleveld Gerrit
  89. Pavlic Yure
  90. Ouslamine Serguei
  91. De Clercq Peter
  92. Kiefel Ron
  93. Schur Jan
  94. Redant Hendrik
  95. Zanatta Stefano
  96. Guerricagoitia Enrique
  97. Manders Henri
  98. Siemons Jan
  99. Oliveira Boga José-manuel
  100. Willems Ludwig
  101. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria
  102. Schurer Eddy
  103. Roche Lawrence
  104. Poels Twan
  105. Wegmuller Thomas
  106. Barth Thomas
  107. Veenstra Wiebren
  108. Harmeling Rob



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Z

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

1. Lemond Greg
2. Boyer Eric - 198x : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
3. Casado Philippe
4. Cornillet Bruno
5. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert - 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
6. Kvalsvoll Atle
7. Lemarchand François
8. Millar Robert - 1992 : positive control
9. Simon Jérôme

CARRERA-JEANS

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

11. Chiappucci Claudio - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
12. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
13. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
14. Giannelli Alessandro
15. Maechler Erich
16. Pavlic Yure
17. Perini Giancarlo - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
18. Poulnikov Vladimir - 1997 : positive control
19. Zaina Enrico

PDM-CONCORDE

7 years of existence, 15 cases, ie 2,14 per year

21. Breukink Erik
22. Alcala Gallegos Raul
23. Boden Falk
24. Earley Martin
25. Kelly Sean - 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : positive control
26. Raab Uwe - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
27. Van Aert Jos
28. Van Poppel Jean-paul
29. Verhoeven Nico

BANESTO

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

31. Delgado Pedro - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
32. Alonso Marino
33. Arnaud Dominique
34. Bernard Jean-françois
35. Indurain Miguel - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
36. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier
37. Philipot Fabrice
38. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
39. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo

ONCE

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

41. Lejarreta Marino - 1985 : positive control
42. Chozas Eduardo
43. Diaz Zabala Herminio
44. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
45. Hodge Stephen - 1991 : confessions in 2012
46. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel
47. Mauri Melchior
48. Villanueva Jose-luis
49. Weltz Johnny - 2000 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)

GATORADE-CHATEAU D'AX

51. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
52. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
53. Giovannetti Marco
54. Gusmeroli Roberto
55. Passera Camillo
56. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
57. Schur Jan
58. Tebaldi Valerio
59. Zanatta Stefano

LOTTO-SUPERCLUB-MBK

61. Bruyneel Johan - 199x : judicial investigation
62. De Clercq Peter
63. Moreels Sammie
64. Museeuw Johan - 2003 : judicial investigation ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
65. Nevens Jan
66. Redant Hendrik
67. Van Den Abbeele Frank
68. Van Slycke Rik - 1988 : positive control
69. Verschueren Patrick

MOTOROLA

71. Hampsten Andrew
72. Anderson Phil - 1983 : positive control
73. Bauer Steve
74. Bishop Andy
75. Carter Mike
76. Kiefel Ron
77. Lauritzen Dag-otto
78. Yates Sean - 1989 : positive control (no penalty)
79. Zimmermann Urs

AMAYA SEGUROS

15 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,67 per year

81. Parra Fabio
82. Esnault Patrice
83. Guerricagoitia Enrique
84. Leclerc Roland - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 199x : confessions in 2002
85. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
86. Murguialday Javier
87. Pedersen Per - 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
88. Pensec Ronan
89. Quevedo Salazar Fernando

CASTORAMA

91. Fignon Laurent - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
92. Arnould Dominique
93. Bagot Jean-claude
94. Lavainne Christophe
95. Leblanc Luc - 1994 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions (no penalty)
96. Marie Thierry
97. Riis Bjarne - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
98. Simon Pascal - 1983 : positive control
99. Vichot Frédéric

HELVETIA

101. Delion Gilles
102. Demierre Serge
103. Gianetti Mauro
104. Krieger Dominik
105. Manders Henri
106. Richard Pascal
107. Rue Gérard
108. Stevenhaagen Peter - 1988 : confessions (no penalty)
109. Winterberg Guido

RYALCO-POSTOBON

11 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,18 per year

111. Herrera Luis
112. Camargo Alberto
113. Cardenas Ordus Henry
114. Chaparro Cardozo Arsenio
115. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria
116. Mejia Alvaro - 1987 : positive control
117. Moncada Guiza Gerardo
118. Montoya Reynel - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
119. De Jesus Vargas Oscar - 1992 : positive control

ARIOSTEA

10 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,1 per year

121. Argentin Moreno
122. Cassani Davide
123. Cenghialta Bruno - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
124. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
125. Elli Alberto - 2001 : in the act
126. Golz Rolf
127. Lelli Massimiliano
128. Lietti Marco
129. Sorensen Rolf - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)

RMO-MAVIC-LIBERIA

7 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,71 per year

131. Mottet Charly - 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
132. Caritoux Eric - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
133. Claveyrolat Thierry - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
134. Laurent Thierry - 1995 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1997 : confessions in 2003 (sanction not known) ; 1997 : blood test
135. Lino Pascal - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
136. Madiot Marc - 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
137. Madiot Yvon
138. Ribeiro Mauro
139. Vermote Michel

TVM-SANYO

25 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 1 per year

141. Theunisse Gert-jan - 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control
142. Barth Thomas
143. Harmeling Rob
144. Jdanov Vassili
145. Konyshev Dimitri
146. Schurer Eddy
147. Siemons Jan
148. Skibby Jesper - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
149. Ouslamine Serguei

PANASONIC-SPORTLIFE

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

151. Dhaenens Rudy - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
152. Ekimov Viatcheslav
153. Fondriest Maurizio
154. Ludwig Olaf - 2006 : police investigation
155. Nulens Guy
156. Sergeant Marc - 1983 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control
157. Van Lancker Eric
158. Van Orsouw Marc - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
159. Zdhanov Dimitri

WEINMANN-EDDY MERCKX

161. Wegmuller Thomas
162. Achermann Alfred - 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
163. Bomans Carlo
164. Dernies Michel
165. Goessens Jan
166. Jaermann Rolf - 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
167. Stutz Werner
168. Verdonck Rudy
168. Willems Ludwig

HISTOR-SIGMA

171. Ampler Uwe - 1993 : confessions in 1994 (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
172. De Wilde Etienne - 1987 : positive control (no penalty)
173. Holm Brian - 199x : confessions (sanction not known)
174. Kappes Andreas - 1997 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
175. Lilholt Soren - 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
176. Peeters Wilfried
177. Stumpf Remig
178. Van Itterbeeck Benjamin
179. Virvaleix Didier

TOSHIBA

181. Jalabert Laurent - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
182. Abadie Henri
183. Bourguignon Thierry
184. Chaubet Christian
185. Gayant Martial
186. Lance Pascal
187. Louviot Philippe
188. Lurvik Olaf
189. Roux Denis

BUCKLER

35 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,4 per year

191. Rooks Steven - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
192. De Vries Gerrit
193. Maassen Frans
194. Nijdam Jelle
195. Poels Twan
196. Solleveld Gerrit
197. Van Hooydonck Edwig
198. Vanderaerden Eric
199. Veenstra Wiebren

TONTON TAPIS-CORONA

201. Roche Stephen
202. Carlsen John
203. Colotti Jean-claude
204. De Wolf Dirk
205. Jacobs Patrick
206. Moreau Francis - 1996 : positive control
207. Pedersen Atle
208. Pillon Laurent
209. Roche Lawrence

CLAS-CAJASTUR

6 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,33 per year

211. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
212. Dominguez Diaz Manuel-jorge - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
213. Duch Ballestar Javier
214. Emonds Nico - 1990 : positive control ; 1995 : positive control
215. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
216. Gaston Crespi Inaki
217. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
218. Mauleon Francisco
219. Oliveira Boga José-manuel



See also