Tour de France 1974 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
MOLTENI 10 3 1 1 1 1
BIC 10 7 1 1 0 0
PEUGEOT-BP 10 9 0 0 0 0
KAS 10 4 2 0 1 0
SONOLOR-GITANE 10 8 1 1 0 0
MIC-DE GRIBALDY-LUDO 10 3 1 1 0 0
GAN-MERCIER 10 8 2 2 1 1
LA CASERA-BAHAMONTES 10 1 0 0 0 0
FLANDRIA-SHIMANO-MERLIN PLAGE 10 3 0 0 0 0
BROOKLYN 10 0 1 0 0 0
LEJEUNE-JOBO 10 6 0 0 0 0
CARPENTER-CONFORTLUXE 10 4 1 1 0 0
FRISOL 10 2 0 0 0 0
Total 130 58 10 7 3 2
Pourcentage 44,62% 70% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Merckx Eddy in 116h16'58'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
  2. Poulidor Raymond at 08'04'' - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
  3. Lopez-carril Vicente at 08'09''
  4. Panizza Wladimiro at 10'59''
  5. Aja Gonzalo at 11'24''
  6. Agostinho Joachim at 14'24'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  7. Pollentier Michel at 16'34'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
  8. Martinez Mariano at 18'33'' - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
  9. Santy Alain at 19'55'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : absence to control (no penalty)
  10. Van Springel Herman at 24'11'' - 1966 : positive control
  11. Pingeon Roger at 26'50'' - 1970 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1979 (sanction not known)
  12. Delisle Raymond at 28'59'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  13. Danguillaume Jean-pierre at 29'43'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  14. Zurano Juan at 30'20''
  15. Romero André at 31'35'' - 1975 : positive control
  16. Perin Michel at 31'57''
  17. Lasa Miguel-maria at 32'55'' - 1977 : positive control
  18. Van Impe Lucien at 37'35'' - 1981 : absence to control
  19. Oliva Andrès at 37'48''
  20. Labourdette Bernard at 38'02'' - 1976 : fraud
  21. Bruyère Joseph at 41'31'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
  22. Janssens Edward at 44'30''
  23. Bertoglio Fausto at 45'43''
  24. Vanneste Willy at 46'50'' - 1967 : positive control
  25. Dewitte Ronald at 47'10'' - 1974 : positive control
  26. Bellini Giancarlo at 47'46''
  27. Den Hertog Fedor at 50'28''
  28. Catieau José at 51'11'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
  29. Pesarrodona José at 53'44''
  30. Pintens Georges at 56'43''
  31. Millard Joël at 57'08''
  32. Julien Ferdinand at 1h00'06''
  33. Berland Roland at 1h01'13''
  34. Ovion Régis at 1h05'22'' - 1976 : positive control
  35. Lievens Marc at 1h09'16''
  36. Van Schil Victor at 1h12'37'' - 1968 : fraud
  37. Hoban Barry at 1h13'11'' - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
  38. Knetemann Gerrie at 1h14'15'' - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
  39. Campaner Francis at 1h16'19'' - 1971 : positive control
  40. Martos Antonio at 1h18'02''
  41. Demeyer Marc at 1h18'28''
  42. Zubero Luis at 1h19'12''
  43. Pecchielan Arturo at 1h19'15''
  44. Perurena Domingo at 1h19'18'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  45. De Schoenmaecker Joseph at 1h19'36''
  46. Manzaneque Jesus at 1h19'54'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
  47. Misac Jean-claude at 1h23'26''
  48. Blain Christian at 1h23'52'' - 1975 : positive control
  49. Melero Carlos at 1h25'17'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  50. Spruyt Jozef at 1h25'41''
  51. Vasseur Sylvain at 1h26'37'' - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
  52. Bourreau Bernard at 1h27'07'' - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
  53. Vandewiele Jan at 1h28'25''
  54. Menendez Antonio at 1h30'43'' - 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  55. Dierickx André at 1h32'18''
  56. Vianen Gérard at 1h36'27'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
  57. Wright Michael at 1h38'11''
  58. Delcroix Ludo at 1h38'13''
  59. Mollet André at 1h38'40'' - 1982 : confessions in 1987 (no penalty) ; 198x : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
  60. Abilleira José-luis at 1h39'12''
  61. Karstens Gerben at 1h39'19'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
  62. Torres Damasco at 1h40'11''
  63. Van Roosbroeck Gustaaf at 1h41'11'' - 1976 : absence to control
  64. Nogues Alain at 1h42'17'' - 1976 : fraud
  65. Teirlinck Willy at 1h47'11'' - 1977 : positive control
  66. Huysmans Jozef at 1h49'00''
  67. Genet Jean-pierre at 1h49'02''
  68. Sanquer Jean-jacques at 1h50'29''
  69. Lualdi Valerio at 1h51'22''
  70. Van Clooster Noël at 1h51'24''
  71. Sibille Guy at 1h52'44'' - 1976 : positive control ; 1977 : absence to control
  72. Moneyron Gérard at 1h53'52'' - 197x : confessions in 1977 (sanction not known)
  73. Wesemael Wilfried at 1h54'09''
  74. Rouxel Charles at 1h54'22'' - 1975 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  75. Esclassan Jacques at 1h56'47'' - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
  76. Raymond Christian at 1h57'36'' - 1969 : absence to control
  77. Rebillard Daniel at 1h58'03''
  78. Prinsen Wim at 1h58'50''
  79. Riotte Raymond at 1h59'51''
  80. Mourioux Jacky at 2h00'06'' - 1973 : positive control
  81. Vasseur Alain at 2h01'28''
  82. Magni Claude at 2h06'03''
  83. Mintjens Frans at 2h06'43''
  84. Prinsen Henk at 2h10'09''
  85. Guillemot Jean-pierre at 2h12'12''
  86. Botherel Jacques at 2h12'37'' - 1976 : positive control
  87. Mintkiewicz Robert at 2h16'05'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  88. Van Marcke Ronny at 2h17'34''
  89. Sercu Patrick at 2h18'58''
  90. Ducreux Daniel at 2h19'20'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control
  91. Di Lorenzo Gianni at 2h20'52''
  92. Croyet Bernard at 2h23'57'' - 1976 : fraud
  93. Baert Dirk at 2h24'45''
  94. Plaza Fernando at 2h28'19''
  95. Coroller Michel at 2h36'59''
  96. Van De Vijver Arthur at 2h38'42''
  97. Parecchini Aldo at 2h41'11''
  98. Cigana Alain at 2h42'24''
  99. Van Looy Frans at 2h46'03'' - 1979 : positive control
  100. Verplancke Daniel at 2h46'38''
  101. Delépine Régis at 2h55'42'' - 1975 : positive control
  102. Van Katwijk Piet at 2h58'39'' - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
  103. Allan Donald at 3h06'53''
  104. Masson Bernard at 3h16'56''
  105. Alaimo Lorenzo at 3h55'46''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lopez-carril Vicente
  2. Panizza Wladimiro
  3. Aja Gonzalo
  4. Zurano Juan
  5. Perin Michel
  6. Oliva Andrès
  7. Janssens Edward
  8. Bertoglio Fausto
  9. Bellini Giancarlo
  10. Den Hertog Fedor
  11. Pesarrodona José
  12. Pintens Georges
  13. Millard Joël
  14. Julien Ferdinand
  15. Berland Roland
  16. Lievens Marc
  17. Martos Antonio
  18. Demeyer Marc
  19. Zubero Luis
  20. Pecchielan Arturo
  21. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
  22. Misac Jean-claude
  23. Spruyt Jozef
  24. Vandewiele Jan
  25. Dierickx André
  26. Wright Michael
  27. Delcroix Ludo
  28. Abilleira José-luis
  29. Torres Damasco
  30. Huysmans Jozef
  31. Genet Jean-pierre
  32. Sanquer Jean-jacques
  33. Lualdi Valerio
  34. Van Clooster Noël
  35. Wesemael Wilfried
  36. Rebillard Daniel
  37. Prinsen Wim
  38. Riotte Raymond
  39. Vasseur Alain
  40. Magni Claude
  41. Mintjens Frans
  42. Prinsen Henk
  43. Guillemot Jean-pierre
  44. Van Marcke Ronny
  45. Sercu Patrick
  46. Di Lorenzo Gianni
  47. Baert Dirk
  48. Plaza Fernando
  49. Coroller Michel
  50. Van De Vijver Arthur
  51. Parecchini Aldo
  52. Cigana Alain
  53. Verplancke Daniel
  54. Allan Donald
  55. Masson Bernard
  56. Alaimo Lorenzo



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

MOLTENI

19 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,89 per year

1. Merckx Eddy - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
2. Bruyère Joseph - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
3. Delcroix Ludo
4. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
5. Huysmans Jozef
6. Janssens Edward
7. Lievens Marc
8. Mintjens Frans
9. Spruyt Jozef
10. Van Schil Victor - 1968 : fraud

BIC

8 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 3,5 per year

11. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
12. Berland Roland
13. Catieau José - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
14. Croyet Bernard - 1976 : fraud
15. Karstens Gerben - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
16. Labourdette Bernard - 1976 : fraud
17. Molineris Jean-luc
18. Mortensen Leif - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
19. Vasseur Alain
20. Vasseur Sylvain - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)

PEUGEOT-BP

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

21. Thévenet Bernard - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
22. Bourreau Bernard - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
23. Danguillaume Jean-pierre - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
24. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
25. Esclassan Jacques - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
26. Mollet André - 1982 : confessions in 1987 (no penalty) ; 198x : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
27. Ovion Régis - 1976 : positive control
28. Riotte Raymond
29. Rouxel Charles - 1975 : absence to control (sanction not known)
30. Sibille Guy - 1976 : positive control ; 1977 : absence to control

KAS

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

31. Lasa Miguel-maria - 1977 : positive control
32. Aja Gonzalo
33. Galdos Francisco
34. Lopez-carril Vicente
35. Martos Antonio
36. Melero Carlos - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
37. Menendez Antonio - 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
38. Perurena Domingo - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
39. Pesarrodona José
40. Zubero Luis

SONOLOR-GITANE

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

41. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
42. Botherel Jacques - 1976 : positive control
43. Julien Ferdinand
44. Martinez Mariano - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
45. Mintkiewicz Robert - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
46. Nogues Alain - 1976 : fraud
47. Teirlinck Willy - 1977 : positive control
48. Tollet Claude - 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control
49. Vanneste Willy - 1967 : positive control
50. Wright Michael

MIC-DE GRIBALDY-LUDO

3 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 1 per year

51. Van Springel Herman - 1966 : positive control
52. Baert Dirk
53. Leman Eric - 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
54. Oliveira Herculano
55. Pintens Georges
56. Van Clooster Noël
57. Vandewiele Jan
58. Van Marcke Ronny
59. Van Roosbroeck Gustaaf - 1976 : absence to control
60. Wesemael Wilfried

GAN-MERCIER

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

61. Poulidor Raymond - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
62. Bal Cees - 1976 : positive control
63. Genet Jean-pierre
64. Hoban Barry - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
65. Knetemann Gerrie - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
66. Mourioux Jacky - 1973 : positive control
67. Perin Michel
68. Raymond Christian - 1969 : absence to control
69. Santy Alain - 1971 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : absence to control (no penalty)
70. Vianen Gérard - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control

LA CASERA-BAHAMONTES

7 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,14 per year

71. Manzaneque Jesus - 1974 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
72. Abilleira José-luis
73. Esperanza Jesus
74. Gonzales Felix
75. Oliva Andrès
76. Plaza Fernando
77. Ponton Jose-antonio
78. Torres Damasco
79. Vallori Antonio
80. Zurano Juan

FLANDRIA-SHIMANO-MERLIN PLAGE

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

81. Guimard Cyrille - 1970 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1974 : positive control
82. Coroller Michel
83. Delépine Régis - 1975 : positive control
84. Dierickx André
85. Millard Joël
86. Misac Jean-claude
87. Moneyron Gérard - 197x : confessions in 1977 (sanction not known)
88. Rebillard Daniel
89. Sanquer Jean-jacques
90. Van Landeghem Ghislain

BROOKLYN

10 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,3 per year

91. Panizza Wladimiro
92. Bellini Giancarlo
93. Bertoglio Fausto
94. Di Lorenzo Gianni
95. Gualazzini Ercole
96. Lualdi Valerio
97. Parecchini Aldo
98. Pecchielan Arturo
99. Rota Attilio
100. Sercu Patrick

LEJEUNE-JOBO

4 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1 per year

101. Pingeon Roger - 1970 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1979 (sanction not known)
102. Blain Christian - 1975 : positive control
103. Blocher Jean-claude - 1973 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1975 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
104. Campaner Francis - 1971 : positive control
105. Cigana Alain
106. Ducreux Daniel - 1971 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control
107. Guillemot Jean-pierre
108. Magni Claude
109. Masson Bernard
110. Romero André - 1975 : positive control

CARPENTER-CONFORTLUXE

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

111. Dewitte Ronald - 1974 : positive control
112. Cael Eddy
113. David Wilfried - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : positive control
114. De Brauwere Lucien
115. Demeyer Marc
116. Pollentier Michel - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
117. Van De Vijver Arthur
118. Van Looy Frans - 1979 : positive control
119. Verplancke Daniel
120. Verschaeve Roger

FRISOL

6 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,33 per year

121. Den Hertog Fedor
122. Alaimo Lorenzo
123. Allan Donald
124. De Vlam Wil
125. Hulzebosch Albert
126. Poppe Henk
127. Priem Cees - 1998 : in the act
128. Prinsen Henk
129. Prinsen Wim
130. Van Katwijk Piet - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)



See also