Tour de France 2004 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
US POSTAL-BERRY FLOOR 9 5 2 1 1 1
T-MOBILE 9 6 2 1 1 0
PHONAK HEARING SYSTEMS 9 4 1 0 0 0
EUSKALTEL-EUSKADI 9 3 0 0 0 0
FASSA BORTOLO 9 5 0 0 0 0
CREDIT AGRICOLE 9 1 0 0 0 0
CSC 9 6 2 1 1 1
ILLES BALEARS-BANESTO 9 1 1 0 0 0
GEROLSTEINER 9 2 1 1 0 0
COFIDIS 9 4 0 0 0 0
QUICK STEP-DAVITAMON 9 5 0 0 0 0
LIBERTY SEGUROS 9 7 0 0 0 0
BRIOCHES LA BOULANGERE 9 2 0 0 0 0
ALESSIO-BIANCHI 9 4 0 0 0 0
AG2R PRÉVOYANCE 9 3 0 0 0 0
RABOBANK 9 7 1 1 0 0
FDJEUX.COM 9 1 0 0 0 0
SAECO 9 5 0 0 0 0
LOTTO-DOMO 9 3 0 0 0 0
DOMINA VACANZE 9 6 0 0 0 0
RAGT SEMENCES-MG ROVER 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 189 82 10 5 3 2
Pourcentage 43,39% 50% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Armstrong Lance in 83h36'02'' - 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty)
  2. Kloden Andreas at 06'19''
  3. Basso Ivan at 06'40'' - 2006 : confessions in 2007
  4. Ullrich Jan at 08'50'' - 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
  5. Azevedo José Bento at 14'30''
  6. Mancebo Francisco at 18'01''
  7. Totschnig Georg at 18'27'' - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  8. Sastre Carlos at 19'51''
  9. Leipheimer Levi at 20'12'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1999 : confessions in 2012
  10. Pereiro Oscar at 22'54''
  11. Caucchioli Pietro at 24'21'' - 2009 : biological passport
  12. Moreau Christophe at 24'36'' - 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
  13. Karpets Vladimir at 25'11''
  14. Rasmussen Michael at 27'16'' - 200x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : contrôle interne et aveux en 2015 (no penalty) ; 2007 : leak, falsification, failure to submit locations, confession in 2013 ; 2008 : positive control (no penalty)
  15. Virenque Richard at 28'11'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  16. Casar Sandy at 28'53''
  17. Simoni Gilberto at 29'00'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  18. Voeckler Thomas at 31'12''
  19. Rubiera Vigil José-luis at 32'50''
  20. Goubert Stéphane at 37'11''
  21. Merckx Axel at 39'54'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  22. Rogers Michael at 41'39''
  23. Landis Floyd at 42'55'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2006 : judicial investigation
  24. Sevilla Oscar at 45'19'' - 2000 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2010 : positive control
  25. Guerini Giuseppe at 47'07''
  26. Camano Ortuzar Iker at 47'14''
  27. Pineau Jérôme at 47'43''
  28. Gutierrez José-enrique at 50'39''
  29. Brochard Laurent at 51'35'' - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  30. Chavanel Sylvain at 54'43''
  31. Gonzalez Capilla Santos at 1h01'01'' - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
  32. Scarponi Michele at 1h03'01'' - 2006 : confessions in 2007 ; 2010 : confessions in 2012
  33. Hincapie George at 1h04'09'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012
  34. Moncoutié David at 1h04'37''
  35. Voigt Jens at 1h07'07''
  36. Botcharov Alexandre at 1h10'54''
  37. Mercado Juan Miguel at 1h11'31''
  38. Petrov Evgueni at 1h12'24'' - 2005 : positive control
  39. Halgand Patriceh
  40. Julich Bobby at 1h12'42'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  41. Martinez De Esteban Egoi at 1h15'10''
  42. Sabaliauskas Marius at 1h15'15''
  43. Verbrugghe Rik at 1h16'42''
  44. Gonzales De Galdeano Igor at 1h16'45'' - 2002 : positive control
  45. Gonzalez Aitor at 1h17'23'' - 2005 : positive control ; 2006 : positive control
  46. Beltran Manuel at 1h26'28'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
  47. Robin Jean-cyril at 1h32'06'' - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  48. Nardello Daniele at 1h35'26''
  49. Perez Santiago at 1h35'54'' - 2004 : positive control
  50. Osa Aitor at 1h38'38''
  51. Gutierrez Palacios José Ivan at 1h39'16''
  52. Landaluze Inigoh - 2005 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2009 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control
  53. Scholz Ronny at 1h42'44''
  54. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio at 1h42'53'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  55. Ludewig Jorg at 1h44'57'' - 1998 : confessions in 2006
  56. Vandevelde Christian at 1h48'11'' - 1999 : confessions in 2012 ; 2004 : confessions in 2012 ; 2004 : confessions in 2012
  57. Ivanov Sergueï at 1h49'51'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
  58. Bettini Paolo at 1h50'10''
  59. Zabel Erik at 1h50'21'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  60. Flores Galarza Iker at 1h50'49''
  61. O'grady Stuart at 1h51'41'' - 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  62. Astarloza Chaurreau Mikel at 1h55'04'' - 2009 : positive control
  63. Kirchen Kim at 1h55'52''
  64. Peron Andrea at 1h56'29'' - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
  65. Niermann Grischa at 1h57'25'' - 2000 : confessions in 2013
  66. Noval Gonzalez Benjamin at 1h57'41''
  67. Dufaux Laurent at 1h58'22'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
  68. Bruseghin Marzio at 1h59'21'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  69. Aldag Rolf at 2h02'55'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  70. Moller Claus Michael at 2h04'01'' - 1999 : positive control
  71. Calzati Sylvain at 2h09'34''
  72. Portal Nicolas at 2h09'45''
  73. Nozal Isidro at 2h10'33'' - 2005 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control
  74. Boogerd Michael at 2h10'39'' - 2005 : confessions in 2013
  75. Botero Santiago at 2h12'32'' - 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  76. Fedrigo Pierrick at 2h13'14''
  77. Etxebarria David at 2h14'42'' - 2004 : positive control
  78. Lang Sebastian at 2h15'31''
  79. Padrnos Pavel at 2h16'19'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
  80. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 2h16'44''
  81. Grabsch Bert at 2h17'14''
  82. Jalabert Nicolas at 2h18'42''
  83. Salmon Benoit at 2h24'49''
  84. Mengin Christophe at 2h25'08''
  85. Da Cruz Carlos at 2h25'43''
  86. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente at 2h26'14''
  87. Fofonov Dimitri at 2h26'22'' - 2008 : positive controls (2 times)
  88. Sorensen Nicki at 2h27'39'' - 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  89. Scanlon Mark at 2h27'49''
  90. Lotz Marc at 2h29'48'' - 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
  91. Etxebarria Arana Unai at 2h30'37''
  92. Rinero Christophe at 2h31'34''
  93. Flecha Giannoni Juan Antonio at 2h33'38''
  94. Baranowski Dariusz at 2h33'54''
  95. Krivtsov Yuriy at 2h34'16''
  96. Sunderland Scott at 2h35'20''
  97. Zandio Echaide Xabier at 2h35'48''
  98. Zandio Echaide Xabier at 2h35'48''
  99. Davis Allan at 2h36'16''
  100. Noe Andrea at 2h36'36''
  101. Moerenhout Koos at 2h36'48''
  102. Marichal Thierry at 2h37'58'' - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  103. Bénéteau Walter at 2h38'36''
  104. Charteau Anthony at 2h41'31'' - 2012 : positive control
  105. Hushovd Thor at 2h42'45''
  106. Loosli David at 2h44'24''
  107. Hondo Danilo at 2h46'54'' - 2001 : police investigation ; 2005 : 2 positive controls
  108. Farazijn Peter at 2h46'56'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  109. Elmiger Martin at 2h47'22''
  110. Cancellara Fabian at 2h48'42''
  111. Tosatto Mauro Matteo at 2h49'06''
  112. De Groot Bram at 2h49'33''
  113. Wauters Marc at 2h50'16''
  114. Wrolich Peter at 2h51'06''
  115. Renier Franck at 2h53'16''
  116. Kroon Karsten at 2h53'22'' - 20xx : confessions in 2018 (no penalty)
  117. Pozzato Filippo at 2h54'55'' - 2012 : disciplinary investigation (sanction not known)
  118. Hruska Jan at 2h56'01'' - 2000 : positive control ; 2006 : positive control
  119. Simeoni Filippo at 2h56'30'' - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
  120. Martin Ludovic at 2h59'00''
  121. Boonen Tom at 2h59'07'' - 2007 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control
  122. Mori Massimiliano at 2h59'12'' - 2003 : fraud
  123. Mcewen Robbie at 2h59'18''
  124. Arvesen Kurt-asle at 3h00'35''
  125. Commesso Salvatore at 3h01'21'' - 2001 : in the act
  126. Peschel Uwe at 3h01'36''
  127. Zanini Stefano at 3h01'39'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  128. Dean Julian at 3h02'09''
  129. Bouvard Gilles at 3h03'28'' - 1997 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : blood control (sanction not known)
  130. Guesdon Frédéric at 3h03'40''
  131. Bourquenoud Pierre at 3h04'47''
  132. Eisel Bernhard at 3h05'44''
  133. Ljungqvist Marcus at 3h07'51''
  134. Dekker Erik at 3h07'54'' - 1999 : positive control
  135. Laurent Christophe at 3h09'38'' - 2002 : positive control
  136. Baldato Fabio at 3h10'46''
  137. Auger Guillaume at 3h11'10''
  138. Nazon Jean-patrick at 3h13'10''
  139. Engoulvent Jimmy at 3h13'55''
  140. Cooke Baden at 3h15'45''
  141. Vansevenant Wim at 3h22'15'' - 1997 : positive control ; 2011 : border control (sanction not known)
  142. Edaleine Christophe at 3h22'39''
  143. Secchiari Francesco at 3h25'37''
  144. Wilson Matthew at 3h36'31''
  145. Finot Frédéric at 3h39'21''
  146. Casper Jimmy at 3h55'49'' - 2007 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control (no penalty)



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Kloden Andreas
  2. Azevedo José Bento
  3. Mancebo Francisco
  4. Sastre Carlos
  5. Pereiro Oscar
  6. Karpets Vladimir
  7. Casar Sandy
  8. Voeckler Thomas
  9. Rubiera Vigil José-luis
  10. Goubert Stéphane
  11. Rogers Michael
  12. Guerini Giuseppe
  13. Camano Ortuzar Iker
  14. Pineau Jérôme
  15. Gutierrez José-enrique
  16. Chavanel Sylvain
  17. Moncoutié David
  18. Voigt Jens
  19. Botcharov Alexandre
  20. Mercado Juan Miguel
  21. Halgand Patrice
  22. Martinez De Esteban Egoi
  23. Sabaliauskas Marius
  24. Verbrugghe Rik
  25. Nardello Daniele
  26. Osa Aitor
  27. Gutierrez Palacios José Ivan
  28. Scholz Ronny
  29. Bettini Paolo
  30. Flores Galarza Iker
  31. Kirchen Kim
  32. Noval Gonzalez Benjamin
  33. Calzati Sylvain
  34. Portal Nicolas
  35. Fedrigo Pierrick
  36. Lang Sebastian
  37. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  38. Grabsch Bert
  39. Jalabert Nicolas
  40. Salmon Benoit
  41. Mengin Christophe
  42. Da Cruz Carlos
  43. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
  44. Scanlon Mark
  45. Etxebarria Arana Unai
  46. Rinero Christophe
  47. Flecha Giannoni Juan Antonio
  48. Baranowski Dariusz
  49. Krivtsov Yuriy
  50. Sunderland Scott
  51. Zandio Echaide Xabier
  52. Zandio Echaide Xabier
  53. Davis Allan
  54. Noe Andrea
  55. Moerenhout Koos
  56. Bénéteau Walter
  57. Hushovd Thor
  58. Loosli David
  59. Elmiger Martin
  60. Cancellara Fabian
  61. Tosatto Mauro Matteo
  62. De Groot Bram
  63. Wauters Marc
  64. Wrolich Peter
  65. Renier Franck
  66. Martin Ludovic
  67. Mcewen Robbie
  68. Arvesen Kurt-asle
  69. Peschel Uwe
  70. Dean Julian
  71. Guesdon Frédéric
  72. Bourquenoud Pierre
  73. Eisel Bernhard
  74. Ljungqvist Marcus
  75. Baldato Fabio
  76. Auger Guillaume
  77. Nazon Jean-patrick
  78. Engoulvent Jimmy
  79. Cooke Baden
  80. Edaleine Christophe
  81. Secchiari Francesco
  82. Wilson Matthew
  83. Finot Frédéric



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

US POSTAL-BERRY FLOOR

17 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 1 per year

1. Armstrong Lance - 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty)
2. Azevedo José Bento
3. Beltran Manuel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
4. Ekimov Viatcheslav
5. Hincapie George - 1996 : confessions in 2012
6. Landis Floyd - 2006 : positive control ; 2006 : judicial investigation
7. Noval Gonzalez Benjamin
8. Padrnos Pavel - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
9. Rubiera Vigil José-luis

T-MOBILE

23 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 1,35 per year

11. Ullrich Jan - 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
12. Aldag Rolf - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
13. Botero Santiago - 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
14. Guerini Giuseppe
15. Ivanov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
16. Kessler Matthias - 2007 : positive control
17. Kloden Andreas
18. Nardello Daniele
19. Zabel Erik - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

PHONAK HEARING SYSTEMS

20 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,85 per year

21. Hamilton Tyler - 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
22. Elmiger Martin
23. Gonzalez Capilla Santos - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
24. Grabsch Bert
25. Gutierrez José-enrique
26. Jalabert Nicolas
27. Pereiro Oscar
28. Perez Santiago - 2004 : positive control
29. Sevilla Oscar - 2000 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2010 : positive control

EUSKALTEL-EUSKADI

20 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,65 per year

31. Mayo Iban - 2007 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control
32. Camano Ortuzar Iker
33. Etxebarria David - 2004 : positive control
34. Etxebarria Arana Unai
35. Flores Galarza Iker
36. Landaluze Inigo - 2005 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2009 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control
37. Martinez De Esteban Egoi
38. Zubeldia Haimar
39. Zandio Echaide Xabier

FASSA BORTOLO

6 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 1 per year

41. Petacchi Alessandro - 2007 : positive control
42. Bruseghin Marzio - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
43. Cancellara Fabian
44. Flecha Giannoni Juan Antonio
45. Gonzalez Aitor - 2005 : positive control ; 2006 : positive control
46. Kirchen Kim
47. Pozzato Filippo - 2012 : disciplinary investigation (sanction not known)
48. Tosatto Mauro Matteo
49. Velo Marco - 1994 : positive control ; 1999 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control

CREDIT AGRICOLE

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

51. Moreau Christophe - 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
52. Botcharov Alexandre
53. Dean Julian
54. Fedrigo Pierrick
55. Halgand Patrice
56. Hinault Sébastien
57. Hushovd Thor
58. Joly Sébastien
59. Salmon Benoit

CSC

19 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,68 per year

61. Basso Ivan - 2006 : confessions in 2007
62. Arvesen Kurt-asle
63. Bartoli Michele - 2006 : police investigation (no penalty)
64. Julich Bobby - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
65. Peron Andrea - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
66. Piil Jakob - 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
67. Sastre Carlos
68. Sorensen Nicki - 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
69. Voigt Jens

ILLES BALEARS-BANESTO

71. Menchov Denis - 2012 : biological passport
72. Becke Daniel
73. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
74. Gutierrez Palacios José Ivan
75. Karpets Vladimir
76. Mancebo Francisco
77. Osa Aitor
78. Pradera Rodriguez Mikel
79. Zandio Echaide Xabier

GEROLSTEINER

12 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 1,08 per year

81. Totschnig Georg - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
82. Haselbacher René
83. Hondo Danilo - 2001 : police investigation ; 2005 : 2 positive controls
84. Lang Sebastian
85. Montgomery Sven
86. Peschel Uwe
87. Scholz Ronny
88. Wegmann Fabian
89. Wrolich Peter

COFIDIS

91. O'grady Stuart - 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
92. Bessy Frédéric
93. Casper Jimmy - 2007 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control (no penalty)
94. Edaleine Christophe
95. Engoulvent Jimmy
96. Fofonov Dimitri - 2008 : positive controls (2 times)
97. Moncoutié David
98. Tombak Janek
99. Farazijn Peter - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)

QUICK STEP-DAVITAMON

101. Virenque Richard - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
102. Bettini Paolo
103. Boonen Tom - 2007 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control
104. Bramati Davide
105. Dufaux Laurent - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
106. Knaven Servais - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
107. Mercado Juan Miguel
108. Rogers Michael
109. Zanini Stefano - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act

LIBERTY SEGUROS

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

111. Heras Roberto - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
112. Baranowski Dariusz
113. Davis Allan
114. Gonzales De Galdeano Igor - 2002 : positive control
115. Hruska Jan - 2000 : positive control ; 2006 : positive control
116. Nozal Isidro - 2005 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control
117. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
118. Vandevelde Christian - 1999 : confessions in 2012 ; 2004 : confessions in 2012 ; 2004 : confessions in 2012
119. Vicioso Angel - 2004 : judicial investigation and confessions

BRIOCHES LA BOULANGERE

20 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,15 per year

121. Chavanel Sylvain
122. Bénéteau Walter
123. Charteau Anthony - 2012 : positive control
124. Hary Maryan
125. Lefèvre Laurent
126. Pineau Jérôme
127. Renier Franck
128. Rous Didier - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998
129. Voeckler Thomas

ALESSIO-BIANCHI

9 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,11 per year

131. Backstedt Magnus
132. Baldato Fabio
133. Bertolini Alessandro - 1997 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
134. Caucchioli Pietro - 2009 : biological passport
135. Hvastija Martin - 2001 : in the act
136. Ljungqvist Marcus
137. Moller Claus Michael - 1999 : positive control
138. Noe Andrea
139. Sunderland Scott

AG2R PRÉVOYANCE

141. Brochard Laurent - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
142. Astarloza Chaurreau Mikel - 2009 : positive control
143. Dumoulin Samuel
144. Goubert Stéphane
145. Kirsipuu Jan - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
146. Krivtsov Yuriy
147. Nazon Jean-patrick
148. Portal Nicolas
149. Scanlon Mark

RABOBANK

35 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,4 per year

151. Leipheimer Levi - 1996 : positive control ; 1999 : confessions in 2012
152. Boogerd Michael - 2005 : confessions in 2013
153. De Groot Bram
154. Dekker Erik - 1999 : positive control
155. Kroon Karsten - 20xx : confessions in 2018 (no penalty)
156. Lotz Marc - 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
157. Niermann Grischa - 2000 : confessions in 2013
158. Rasmussen Michael - 200x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : contrôle interne et aveux en 2015 (no penalty) ; 2007 : leak, falsification, failure to submit locations, confession in 2013 ; 2008 : positive control (no penalty)
159. Wauters Marc

FDJEUX.COM

161. Mcgee Bradley
162. Casar Sandy
163. Cooke Baden
164. Da Cruz Carlos
165. Eisel Bernhard
166. Guesdon Frédéric
167. Mengin Christophe
168. Robin Jean-cyril - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
169. Wilson Matthew

SAECO

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

171. Simoni Gilberto - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
172. Casagranda Stefano - 2000 : in the act
173. Celestino Mirko
174. Commesso Salvatore - 2001 : in the act
175. Loosli David
176. Glomser Gerrit
177. Ludewig Jorg - 1998 : confessions in 2006
178. Petrov Evgueni - 2005 : positive control
179. Sabaliauskas Marius

LOTTO-DOMO

181. Mcewen Robbie
182. Brandt Christophe
183. Gates Nick
184. Marichal Thierry - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
185. Merckx Axel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
186. Moerenhout Koos
187. Vansevenant Wim - 1997 : positive control ; 2011 : border control (sanction not known)
188. Verbrugghe Rik
189. Vierhouten Aart

DOMINA VACANZE

12 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 1,33 per year

191. Cipollini Mario - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
192. Fagnini Gianmatteo
193. Giunti Massimo - 2010 : positive control
194. Marinangeli Sergio - 2005 : positive control ; 2007 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control
195. Mori Massimiliano - 2003 : fraud
196. Scarponi Michele - 2006 : confessions in 2007 ; 2010 : confessions in 2012
197. Secchiari Francesco
198. Simeoni Filippo - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
199. Valoti Paolo

RAGT SEMENCES-MG ROVER

201. Rinero Christophe
202. Auger Guillaume
203. Bourquenoud Pierre
204. Bouvard Gilles - 1997 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : blood control (sanction not known)
205. Calzati Sylvain
206. Finot Frédéric
207. Laurent Christophe - 2002 : positive control
208. Martin Ludovic
209. Seigneur Eddy



See also