Tour de France 1997 : the real numbers of doping

Français


Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
TEAM DEUTSCHE TELEKOM 9 9 2 2 1 1
FESTINA Watches 9 8 2 2 1 1
MAPEI-GB 9 7 0 0 0 0
ONCE 9 4 0 0 0 0
MG.TECHNOGYM 9 4 0 0 0 0
Team POLTI 9 3 0 0 0 0
COFIDIS 9 6 0 0 0 0
LA FRANCAISE DES JEUX 9 4 0 0 0 0
ROSLOTTO-ZG MOBILI 9 2 0 0 0 0
GAN 9 3 0 0 0 0
TVM 9 7 0 0 0 0
SAECO-ESTRO 9 5 1 1 0 0
RABOBANK 9 4 0 0 0 0
CASINO C'est votre équipe 9 4 0 0 0 0
BATIK-DEL MONTE 9 5 0 0 0 0
BANESTO 9 5 2 2 0 0
LOTTO-MOBISTAR-ISOGLASS 8 3 0 0 0 0
KELME-COSTA BLANCA-EUROSPORT 9 4 1 0 0 0
MERCATONE-UNO 9 4 2 2 1 1
U.S POSTAL SERVICE 9 5 0 0 0 0
LA MUTUELLE DE SEINE ET MARNE 9 1 0 0 0 0
BIG.MAT-AUBER 93 9 1 0 0 0 0
Total 197 98 10 9 3 3
Pourcentage 49,75% 90% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Ullrich Jan in 100h30'35'' - 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
  2. Virenque Richard at 09'09'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  3. Pantani Marco at 14'03'' - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
  4. Olano Abraham at 15'55'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  5. Escartin Fernando at 20'32''
  6. Casagrande Francesco at 22'47'' - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
  7. Riis Bjarne at 26'34'' - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
  8. Jimenez José-maria at 31'17'' - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  9. Dufaux Laurent at 31'55'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
  10. Conti Roberto at 32'26'' - 2002 : in the act
  11. Zberg Beat at 35'41''
  12. Camenzind Oscar at 35'52'' - 2004 : positive control
  13. Luttenberger Peter at 45'39''
  14. Beltran Manuel at 49'34'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
  15. Robin Jean-cyril at 58'35'' - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  16. Boogerd Michael at 1h00'33'' - 2005 : confessions in 2013
  17. Julich Bobby at 1h01'10'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  18. Nardello Daniele at 1h01'30''
  19. Moreau Christophe at 1h02'48'' - 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
  20. Heulot Stéphane at 1h06'13''
  21. Bolts Udo at 1h09'02'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  22. Buenahora Hernan at 1h13'48'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  23. Roux Laurent at 1h17'44'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act
  24. Podenzana Massimo at 1h20'56'' - 1986 : positive control
  25. Madouas Laurent at 1h24'58'' - 1994 : positive control
  26. Chanteur Pascal at 1h25'48'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  27. Blanco Gil Santiago at 1h29'18''
  28. Bourguignon Thierry at 1h29'35''
  29. Casero Angel at 1h35'11'' - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
  30. Elli Alberto at 1h37'23'' - 2001 : in the act
  31. Brochard Laurent at 1h39'15'' - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  32. Simon François at 1h40'40''
  33. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio at 1h42'33''
  34. Totschnig Georg at 1h42'49'' - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  35. Laukka Joona at 1h43'05''
  36. Hervé Pascal at 1h44'04'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
  37. Pascual Rodriguez Javier at 1h45'52'' - 2003 : positive control
  38. Livingston Kevin at 1h46'23'' - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  39. Farazijn Peter at 1h47'54'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  40. Vasseur Cédric at 1h54'02''
  41. Siboni Marcello at 1h56'05'' - 2001 : in the act
  42. Gougot Fabrice at 1h56'15''
  43. Jalabert Laurent at 1h58'32'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  44. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 2h01'23''
  45. Rous Didier at 2h01'46'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998
  46. Bortolami Gianluca at 2h03'35'' - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
  47. Lelli Massimiliano at 2h05'26''
  48. Mengin Christophe at 2h06'57''
  49. Meinert-nielsen Peter at 2h07'38'' - 1993 : positive control
  50. Vandenbroucke Franck at 2h09'34'' - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test and confessions in 2008 ; 2002 : in the act ; 2008 : police investigation
  51. Aldag Rolf at 2h10'36'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  52. Breukink Erik at 2h13'44''
  53. Guerini Giuseppe at 2h14'21''
  54. Stephens Neil at 2h23'40'' - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
  55. De Los Angeles Juan-josé at 2h24'12''
  56. Peron Andrea at 2h24'48'' - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
  57. Tafi Andrea at 2h25'53'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  58. Rebellin Davide at 2h29'54'' - 2008 : positive control
  59. Jaskula Zenon at 2h30'15'' - 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  60. Heppner Jens at 2h31'12'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  61. Alonso Marino at 2h32'25''
  62. Jonker Patrick at 2h33'38''
  63. Garmendia Aitor at 2h35'30'' - 1998 : blood test
  64. Den Bakker Maarten at 2h38'30''
  65. Odriozola Mugarza Jon at 2h40'08'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  66. Zabel Erik at 2h41'16'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  67. Sciandri Maximilian at 2h42'24'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  68. Sorensen Rolf at 2h43'47'' - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  69. Hamilton Tyler at 2h47'51'' - 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
  70. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo at 2h50'02''
  71. Benitez Esbri Francisco at 2h53'37''
  72. Sgnaolin Daniele at 2h54'00''
  73. Zen Marco at 2h54'29''
  74. Furlan Giorgio at 2h56'21'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  75. Vidal Jose-angel at 2h57'04''
  76. Arroyo Miguel at 3h04'05''
  77. Sierra Roberto at 3h04'58''
  78. Andreu Frankie at 3h05'00'' - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  79. Pellicioli Oscar at 3h07'09''
  80. Dekker Erik at 3h07'17'' - 1999 : positive control
  81. Skibby Jesper at 3h07'50'' - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  82. Rault Dominique at 3h09'58''
  83. Henn Christian at 3h10'01'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  84. Mauleon Javier at 3h11'00''
  85. Valoti Gianluca at 3h11'57''
  86. Baranowski Dariusz at 3h12'45''
  87. Gouvenou Thierry at 3h12'52''
  88. Peeters Wilfried at 3h13'33''
  89. Van Hyfte Paul at 3h18'11''
  90. Artunghi Marco at 3h18'29''
  91. Chaurreau Inigo at 3h20'28''
  92. Kasputis Arturas at 3h22'01''
  93. Agnolutto Christophe at 3h22'57''
  94. Saligari Marco at 3h23'36''
  95. Jemison Marty at 3h25'21'' - 199x : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
  96. Tartaggia Giuseppe at 3h25'54''
  97. Voskamp Bertus at 3h26'27'' - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
  98. Vogels Henk (aus) at 3h26'46''
  99. Traversoni Mario at 3h27'30''
  100. Genty Laurent at 3h27'56''
  101. Van Petegem Peter at 3h29'20'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  102. Fagnini Gianmatteo at 3h29'34''
  103. Hincapie George at 3h31'08'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012
  104. Pretot Arnaud at 3h32'07''
  105. Vanzella Flavio at 3h32'52'' - 1986 : positive control
  106. Knaven Servais at 3h34'52'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  107. Cabello Francisco at 3h35'42'' - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  108. O'grady Stuart at 3h35'56'' - 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  109. Loda Nicola at 3h39'10'' - 1999 : positive control
  110. Guesdon Frédéric at 3h41'04''
  111. Cenghialta Bruno at 3h41'06'' - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  112. Ouchakov Sergueï at 3h42'48'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  113. Moncassin Frédéric at 3h45'03'' - 199x : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  114. Rinero Christophe at 3h45'14''
  115. Simoni Gilberto at 3h45'33'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  116. Mcewen Robbie at 3h45'47''
  117. Lombardi Giovanni at 3h45'59'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  118. Baffi Adriano at 3h46'55''
  119. Scinto Luca at 3h48'04''
  120. Garcia Alonso Marcelino at 3h49'33''
  121. Minali Nicola at 3h51'26'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  122. Crepaldi Mirko at 3h51'49''
  123. Aus Lauri at 3h52'31''
  124. De Vries Gerrit at 3h54'05''
  125. Blijlevens Jeroen at 3h54'10'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  126. Desbiens Laurent at 3h54'32'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  127. Hoffman Tristan at 3h54'49''
  128. Finco Carlo at 3h57'27''
  129. Brasi Rossano at 4h02'11'' - 2000 : blood test
  130. Deramé Pascal at 4h04'57''
  131. Tosatto Mauro Matteo at 4h06'05''
  132. Pierobon Gianluca at 4h06'53''
  133. Poli Eros at 4h11'22'' - 1986 : positive control
  134. Jalabert Nicolas at 4h11'31''
  135. Schmidt Torsten at 4h15'48''
  136. Buschor Philipp at 4h17'35''
  137. Cueff Stéphane at 4h18'18''
  138. Gaumont Philippe at 4h26'09'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control (2 times) (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2004 : confessions



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Escartin Fernando
  2. Zberg Beat
  3. Luttenberger Peter
  4. Nardello Daniele
  5. Heulot Stéphane
  6. Blanco Gil Santiago
  7. Bourguignon Thierry
  8. Simon François
  9. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
  10. Laukka Joona
  11. Vasseur Cédric
  12. Gougot Fabrice
  13. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  14. Lelli Massimiliano
  15. Mengin Christophe
  16. Breukink Erik
  17. Guerini Giuseppe
  18. De Los Angeles Juan-josé
  19. Alonso Marino
  20. Jonker Patrick
  21. Den Bakker Maarten
  22. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
  23. Benitez Esbri Francisco
  24. Sgnaolin Daniele
  25. Zen Marco
  26. Vidal Jose-angel
  27. Arroyo Miguel
  28. Sierra Roberto
  29. Pellicioli Oscar
  30. Rault Dominique
  31. Mauleon Javier
  32. Valoti Gianluca
  33. Baranowski Dariusz
  34. Gouvenou Thierry
  35. Peeters Wilfried
  36. Van Hyfte Paul
  37. Artunghi Marco
  38. Chaurreau Inigo
  39. Kasputis Arturas
  40. Agnolutto Christophe
  41. Saligari Marco
  42. Tartaggia Giuseppe
  43. Vogels Henk (aus)
  44. Traversoni Mario
  45. Genty Laurent
  46. Fagnini Gianmatteo
  47. Pretot Arnaud
  48. Guesdon Frédéric
  49. Rinero Christophe
  50. Mcewen Robbie
  51. Baffi Adriano
  52. Scinto Luca
  53. Garcia Alonso Marcelino
  54. Crepaldi Mirko
  55. Aus Lauri
  56. De Vries Gerrit
  57. Hoffman Tristan
  58. Finco Carlo
  59. Deramé Pascal
  60. Tosatto Mauro Matteo
  61. Pierobon Gianluca
  62. Jalabert Nicolas
  63. Schmidt Torsten
  64. Buschor Philipp
  65. Cueff Stéphane



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

TEAM DEUTSCHE TELEKOM

23 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 1,35 per year

1. Riis Bjarne - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
2. Aldag Rolf - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
3. Bolts Udo - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
4. Henn Christian - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
5. Heppner Jens - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
6. Lombardi Giovanni - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
7. Totschnig Georg - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
8. Ullrich Jan - 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
9. Zabel Erik - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

FESTINA Watches

12 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 2,17 per year

11. Virenque Richard - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
12. Bortolami Gianluca - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
13. Brochard Laurent - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
14. Dufaux Laurent - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
15. Hervé Pascal - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
16. Laukka Joona
17. Moreau Christophe - 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
18. Rous Didier - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998
19. Stephens Neil - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)

MAPEI-GB

27 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 0,93 per year

21. Museeuw Johan - 2003 : judicial investigation ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
22. Camenzind Oscar - 2004 : positive control
23. Fois Valentino - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control
24. Jaskula Zenon - 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
25. Nardello Daniele
26. Peeters Wilfried
27. Steels Tom - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
28. Tafi Andrea - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
29. Vandenbroucke Franck - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test and confessions in 2008 ; 2002 : in the act ; 2008 : police investigation

ONCE

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

31. Jalabert Laurent - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
32. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
33. Etxebarria David - 2004 : positive control
34. Garcia Alonso Marcelino
35. Garmendia Aitor - 1998 : blood test
36. Mauleon Javier
37. Sierra Roberto
38. Zarrabeitia Mikel
39. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)

MG.TECHNOGYM

41. Bartoli Michele - 2006 : police investigation (no penalty)
42. Baldato Fabio
43. Finco Carlo
44. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
45. Lecchi Angelo
46. Loda Nicola - 1999 : positive control
47. Scinto Luca
48. Simoni Gilberto - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
49. Tosatto Mauro Matteo

Team POLTI

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

51. Leblanc Luc - 1994 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions (no penalty)
52. Brasi Rossano - 2000 : blood test
53. Chaurreau Inigo
54. Crepaldi Mirko
55. De Vries Gerrit
56. Gualdi Mirko
57. Guerini Giuseppe
58. Ouchakov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
59. Valoti Gianluca

COFIDIS

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

61. Rominger Tony - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
62. Andreu Frankie - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
63. Desbiens Laurent - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
64. Gaumont Philippe - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control (2 times) (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2004 : confessions
65. Jalabert Nicolas
66. Julich Bobby - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
67. Livingston Kevin - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
68. Rinero Christophe
69. Saugrain Cyril

LA FRANCAISE DES JEUX

23 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,39 per year

71. Gianetti Mauro
72. Guesdon Frédéric
73. Heulot Stéphane
74. Mengin Christophe
75. Nazon Damien
76. Peron Andrea - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
77. Rebellin Davide - 2008 : positive control
78. Sciandri Maximilian - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
79. Vanzella Flavio - 1986 : positive control

ROSLOTTO-ZG MOBILI

9 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,11 per year

81. Gontchenkov Alexandre
82. Djavanian Viatcheslav
83. Fincato Marco
84. Kokorine Vitaly
85. Padrnos Pavel - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
86. Schmidt Torsten
87. Sgnaolin Daniele
88. Strazzer Massimo - 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
89. Zen Marco

GAN

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

91. Boardman Chris
92. Moncassin Frédéric - 199x : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
93. O'grady Stuart - 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
94. Poli Eros - 1986 : positive control
95. Pretot Arnaud
96. Rue Gérard
97. Simon François
98. Vasseur Cédric
99. Vogels Henk (aus)

TVM

101. Den Bakker Maarten
102. Blijlevens Jeroen - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
103. Hamburger Bo - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
104. Hoffman Tristan
105. Knaven Servais - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
106. Roux Laurent - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act
107. Skibby Jesper - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
108. Van Petegem Peter - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
109. Voskamp Bertus - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)

SAECO-ESTRO

111. Gotti Ivan - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
112. Buschor Philipp
113. Casagrande Francesco - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
114. Cipollini Mario - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
115. Fagnini Gianmatteo
116. Fornaciari Paolo
117. Frigo Dario - 1996 : confessions in 2001 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2001 ; 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
118. Furlan Giorgio - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
119. Lelli Massimiliano

RABOBANK

35 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,4 per year

121. Luttenberger Peter
122. Boogerd Michael - 2005 : confessions in 2013
123. Breukink Erik
124. Dekker Erik - 1999 : positive control
125. Jonker Patrick
126. Mcewen Robbie
127. Nelissen Danny - 1996 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
128. Sorensen Rolf - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
129. Van Bon Leon

CASINO C'est votre équipe

131. Elli Alberto - 2001 : in the act
132. Agnolutto Christophe
133. Aus Lauri
134. Chanteur Pascal - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
135. Gougot Fabrice
136. Jaermann Rolf - 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
137. Kasputis Arturas
138. Kirsipuu Jan - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
139. Saligari Marco

BATIK-DEL MONTE

5 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,8 per year

141. Berzin Evgueni - 2000 : blood test
142. Brognara Andrea
143. Cenghialta Bruno - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
144. Colombo Luca - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
145. Frattini Francesco
146. Minali Nicola - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
147. Odriozola Mugarza Jon - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
148. Pierobon Gianluca
149. Tartaggia Giuseppe

BANESTO

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

151. Olano Abraham - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
152. Alonso Marino
153. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
154. Beltran Manuel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
155. Blanco Gil Santiago
156. Casero Angel - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
157. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
158. Jimenez José-maria - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
159. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio

LOTTO-MOBISTAR-ISOGLASS

36 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,39 per year

161. Madouas Laurent - 1994 : positive control
163. Farazijn Peter - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
164. Planckaert Jo - 2004 : judicial investigation
165. Salmon Benoit
166. Tchmil Andrei
167. Teteriouk Andrei
168. Van Hyfte Paul
169. Wauters Marc

KELME-COSTA BLANCA-EUROSPORT

171. Escartin Fernando
172. Benitez Esbri Francisco
173. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
174. Cabello Francisco - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
175. De Los Angeles Juan-josé
176. Gonzales Arsenio
177. Gonzalez-pico José-jaime - 2001 : in the act
178. Pascual Rodriguez Javier - 2003 : positive control
179. Vidal Jose-angel

MERCATONE-UNO

181. Pantani Marco - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
182. Artunghi Marco
183. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
184. Pellicioli Oscar
185. Piovacchari Giusvan
186. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control
187. Siboni Marcello - 2001 : in the act
188. Traversoni Mario
189. Zberg Beat

U.S POSTAL SERVICE

17 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 1 per year

191. Ekimov Viatcheslav
192. Baffi Adriano
193. Baranowski Dariusz
194. Deramé Pascal
195. Hamilton Tyler - 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
196. Hincapie George - 1996 : confessions in 2012
197. Jemison Marty - 199x : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
198. Meinert-nielsen Peter - 1993 : positive control
199. Robin Jean-cyril - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)

LA MUTUELLE DE SEINE ET MARNE

201. Dojwa Jean-philippe
202. Anti Jean-françois
203. Cueff Stéphane
204. Delrieu David
205. Fraser Gordon
206. Lamour Claude - 1993 : positive control
207. Maignan Gilles
208. Pillon Laurent
209. Rault Dominique

BIG.MAT-AUBER 93

27 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,22 per year

211. Lino Pascal - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
212. Arroyo Miguel
213. Auger Ludovic
214. Bourguignon Thierry
215. Genty Laurent
216. Gouvenou Thierry
217. Lance Pascal
218. Morin Anthony
219. Talmant Gilles



See also