Giro d'Italia : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 27/10/2019

Warning

These statistics count riders who have been pinned at some point in their career. They therefore evolve according to positive controls, confessions, inquieries, etc. All of these numbers are likely to rise over time. In particular, the figures for the last ten years races should be regarded as highly provisional.



Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Race Participants Top 10 Podium Winner
Riders Pinned % Pinned % Pinned % Pinned %
19681304635,4%880%3100,0%1100%
19691302418,5%550%266,7%1100%
19701302620,0%660%266,7%1100%
19711001616,0%440%133,3%00%
19721002323,0%440%133,3%1100%
19731403021,4%440%3100,0%1100%
19741402417,1%440%266,7%1100%
1975901617,8%330%133,3%00%
19761203327,5%330%133,3%1100%
19771403424,3%330%266,7%1100%
19781302317,7%330%133,3%00%
19791302418,5%550%266,7%1100%
19801302519,2%440%266,7%1100%
19811302519,2%550%266,7%1100%
19821623219,8%550%266,7%1100%
19831623421,0%660%3100,0%1100%
19841713419,9%660%266,7%1100%
19851803620,0%550%266,7%1100%
19861713721,6%550%3100,0%1100%
19871804625,6%660%133,3%00%
19881804424,4%330%00,0%00%
19891974723,9%440%266,7%1100%
19901985226,3%550%266,7%1100%
19911805228,9%550%133,3%00%
19921806133,9%440%266,7%1100%
19931806234,4%550%3100,0%1100%
19941536542,5%880%3100,0%1100%
19951988040,4%770%3100,0%1100%
19961626640,7%770%266,7%1100%
19971807742,8%770%266,7%1100%
19981627848,1%880%266,7%1100%
19991628351,2%10100%3100,0%1100%
20001808748,3%770%3100,0%1100%
20011809955,0%770%3100,0%1100%
20021988844,4%770%3100,0%1100%
20031706940,6%880%266,7%1100%
20041696940,8%660%3100,0%1100%
20051978141,1%880%3100,0%1100%
20061986733,8%660%266,7%1100%
20071975829,4%880%266,7%1100%
20081975929,9%880%3100,0%1100%
20091985326,8%880%3100,0%1100%
20101984020,2%330%133,3%1100%
20112074421,3%660%266,7%1100%
20121983718,7%550%133,3%1100%
20132074923,7%220%00,0%00%
20141984020,2%110%00,0%00%
20151983316,7%440%133,3%1100%
20161982814,1%220%133,3%00%
2017197189,1%110%00,0%00%
2018176158,5%110%133,3%1100%
2019176116,2%220%00,0%00%
Totals873524002679741
Average16846,227,5%51,3%62,2%78,8%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

The real numbers of doping

Other statistics :



General classification winners

In this list since 1968, riders who have been involved in a doping case appear in a pink cell.

Tour Vainqueur Deuxième Troisième
1968Merckx EddyAdorni VittorioGimondi Felice
1969Gimondi FeliceMichelotto ClaudioZilioli Italo
1970Merckx EddyGimondi FeliceVandenbossche Martin
1971Pettersson GostaVan Springel HermanColombo Ugo
1972Merckx EddyFuente José-manuelGaldos Francisco
1973Merckx EddyGimondi FeliceBattaglin Giovanni
1974Merckx EddyBaronchelli GianbattistaGimondi Felice
1975Bertoglio FaustoGaldos FranciscoGimondi Felice
1976Gimondi FeliceDe Muynck JohanBertoglio Fausto
1977Pollentier MichelMoser FrancescoBaronchelli Gianbattista
1978De Muynck JohanBaronchelli GianbattistaMoser Francesco
1979Saronni GiuseppeMoser FrancescoJohansson Bernt
1980Hinault BernardPanizza WladimiroBattaglin Giovanni
1981Battaglin GiovanniPrim TommySaronni Giuseppe
1982Hinault BernardPrim TommyContini Silvano
1983Saronni GiuseppeVisentini RobertoFernandez Blanco Alberto
1984Moser FrancescoFignon LaurentArgentin Moreno
1985Hinault BernardMoser FrancescoLemond Greg
1986Visentini RobertoSaronni GiuseppeMoser Francesco
1987Roche StephenMillar RobertBreukink Erik
1988Hampsten AndrewBreukink ErikZimmermann Urs
1989Fignon LaurentGiupponi FlavioHampsten Andrew
1990Bugno GianniMottet CharlyGiovannetti Marco
1991Chioccioli FrancoChiappucci ClaudioLelli Massimiliano
1992Indurain MiguelChiappucci ClaudioChioccioli Franco
1993Indurain MiguelUgrumov PiotrChiappucci Claudio
1994Berzin EvgueniPantani MarcoIndurain Miguel
1995Rominger TonyBerzin EvgueniUgrumov Piotr
1996Tonkov PavelZaina EnricoOlano Abraham
1997Gotti IvanTonkov PavelGuerini Giuseppe
1998Pantani MarcoTonkov PavelGuerini Giuseppe
1999Gotti IvanSavoldelli PaoloSimoni Gilberto
2000Garzelli StefanoCasagrande FrancescoSimoni Gilberto
2001Simoni GilbertoOlano AbrahamOsa Eizaguirre Unai
2002Savoldelli PaoloHamilton TylerCaucchioli Pietro
2003Simoni GilbertoGarzelli StefanoPopovych Yaroslav
2004Cunego DamianoHonchar SergeiSimoni Gilberto
2005Savoldelli PaoloSimoni GilbertoRujano Guillen José
2006Basso IvanGutierrez Cataluna José-ignacioSimoni Gilberto
2007Di Luca DaniloSchleck AndyMazzoleni Eddy
2008Contador AlbertoRicco RiccardoBruseghin Marzio
2009Menchov DenisDi Luca DaniloPellizotti Franco
2010Basso IvanArroyo Duran DavidNibali Vincenzo
2011Contador AlbertoScarponi MicheleNibali Vincenzo
2012Hesjedal RyderRodriguez Oliver JoaquinDe Gendt Thomas
2013Nibali VincenzoUran RigobertoEvans Cadel
2014Quintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderUran RigobertoAru Fabio
2015Contador AlbertoAru FabioLanda Meana Mikel
2016Nibali VincenzoChaves Rubio Johan EstebanValverde Alejandro
2017Dumoulin TomQuintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderNibali Vincenzo
2018Froome Christopher CliveDumoulin TomLopez Moreno Miguel Angel
2019Carapaz Montenegro Richard AntonNibali VincenzoRoglic Primoz



The alternative prize list

The other track record is the one you will not see anywhere else. We have removed from the official list all the riders who have been, at one time or another of their career or even after, involved in a doping case and appear as such in our directory. This alternative ranking starts in 1968, the date of the first anti-doping tests.

Tour Vainqueur Deuxième Troisième
1968Gabica FranciscoBitossi FrancoVelez Eusebio
1969Michelotto ClaudioSchiavon SilvanoColombo Ugo
1970Vandenbossche MartinPettersson GostaBitossi Franco
1971Pettersson GostaColombo UgoGaldos Francisco
1972Fuente José-manuelGaldos FranciscoLopez-carril Vicente
1973Pesarrodona JoséLazcano SantiagoPanizza Wladimiro
1974Baronchelli GianbattistaConti ConstantinoFuente José-manuel
1975Bertoglio FaustoGaldos FranciscoPerletto Giuseppe
1976De Muynck JohanBertoglio FaustoBaronchelli Gianbattista
1977Baronchelli GianbattistaVandi AlfioPanizza Wladimiro
1978De Muynck JohanBaronchelli GianbattistaPanizza Wladimiro
1979Johansson BerntLaurent MichelBeccia Mario
1980Panizza WladimiroPrim TommyBaronchelli Gianbattista
1981Prim TommyFuchs JosefVandi Alfio
1982Prim TommyBaronchelli GianbattistaBeccia Mario
1983Beccia MarioRuperez FaustinoChozas Eduardo
1984Argentin MorenoBaronchelli GianbattistaBeccia Mario
1985Lemond GregPrim TommyBaronchelli Gianbattista
1986Lemond GregCorti ClaudioChioccioli Franco
1987Roche StephenBreukink ErikGiovannetti Marco
1988Hampsten AndrewBreukink ErikZimmermann Urs
1989Hampsten AndrewBreukink ErikChioccioli Franco
1990Giovannetti MarcoPulnikov VladimirChioccioli Franco
1991Chioccioli FrancoLelli MassimilianoSierra Leonardo
1992Chioccioli FrancoGiovannetti MarcoHampsten Andrew
1993Lelli MassimilianoArgentin MorenoPulnikov Vladimir
1994Rodriguez NelsonHampsten AndrewPulnikov Vladimir
1995Rincon Quintana OliveiroZaina EnricoImboden Heinz
1996Zaina EnricoFaustini StefanoShefer Alexandre
1997Guerini GiuseppeBelli WladimirRubiera Vigil José-luis
1998Guerini GiuseppeBettini PaoloRubiera Vigil José-luis
1999Zintchenko AndreiLuttenberger Peter
2000Noe AndreaBelli WladimirRubiera Vigil José-luis
2001Azevedo José BentoNoe AndreaContreras Carlos-alberto
2002Garate Juan-manuelEscartin FernandoVerbrugghe Rik
2003Popovych YaroslavNoe AndreaBelli Wladimir
2004Popovych YaroslavBelli WladimirMcgee Bradley
2005Garate Juan-manuelKarpets VladimirVan Huffel Wim
2006Gutierrez Cataluna José-ignacioCasar SandyGarate Juan-manuel
2007Schleck AndyArroyo Duran DavidPozzovivo Domenico
2008Van Den Broeck JurgenPozzovivo DomenicoNibali Vincenzo
2009Sastre CarlosRogers MichaelArroyo Duran David
2010Arroyo Duran DavidNibali VincenzoEvans Cadel
2011Nibali VincenzoGadret JohnRodriguez Oliver Joaquin
2012Rodriguez Oliver JoaquinDe Gendt ThomasUran Rigoberto
2013Nibali VincenzoUran RigobertoEvans Cadel
2014Quintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderUran RigobertoAru Fabio
2015Aru FabioLanda Meana MikelAmador Bipkazakova Andrei
2016Nibali VincenzoChaves Rubio Johan EstebanKruijswijk Steven
2017Dumoulin TomQuintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderNibali Vincenzo
2018Dumoulin TomLopez Moreno Miguel AngelCarapaz Montenegro Richard Anton
2019Carapaz Montenegro Richard AntonNibali VincenzoRoglic Primoz

The alternative winners lists the winners since 1968, ranked by number of victories:

Victories Riders
3Nibali Vincenzo
2Baronchelli Gianbattista
Chioccioli Franco
De Muynck Johan
Dumoulin Tom
Garate Juan-manuel
Guerini Giuseppe
Hampsten Andrew
Lemond Greg
Popovych Yaroslav
Prim Tommy
1Argentin Moreno
Arroyo Duran David
Aru Fabio
Azevedo José Bento
Beccia Mario
Bertoglio Fausto
Carapaz Montenegro Richard Anton
Fuente José-manuel
Gabica Francisco
Giovannetti Marco
Gutierrez Cataluna José-ignacio
Johansson Bernt
Lelli Massimiliano
Michelotto Claudio
Noe Andrea
Panizza Wladimiro
Pesarrodona José
Pettersson Gosta
Quintana Rojas Nairo Alexander
Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
Roche Stephen
Rodriguez Nelson
Rodriguez Oliver Joaquin
Sastre Carlos
Schleck Andy
Van Den Broeck Jurgen
Vandenbossche Martin
Zaina Enrico
Zintchenko Andrei



See also