Tour de France 1979 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
RENAULT-GITANE 10 7 2 2 1 1
MIKO-MERCIER 10 6 1 1 1 1
FLANDRIA-CA VA SEUL 10 3 1 1 1 1
TI RALEIGH 10 3 1 1 0 0
KAS 10 5 1 1 0 0
LA REDOUTE-MOTOBECANE 10 7 0 0 0 0
PEUGEOT-ESSO 10 8 1 0 0 0
TEKA 10 5 0 0 0 0
FIAT-LA FRANCE 10 3 0 0 0 0
IJSBOERKE-WARNCKE 10 3 1 1 0 0
SPLENDOR 10 2 0 0 0 0
BIANCHI-FAEMA 10 2 0 0 0 0
DAF TRUCKS 10 5 1 1 0 0
INOXPRAN 10 2 1 1 0 0
MAGNIFLEX-FAMCUCINE 10 0 0 0 0 0
Total 150 61 10 9 3 3
Pourcentage 40,67% 90% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Hinault Bernard in 103h06'50'' - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
  2. Zoetemelk Joop at 13'07'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  3. Agostinho Joachim at 26'53'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  4. Kuiper Hennie at 28'02''
  5. Bernaudeau Jean-rené at 32'43'' - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  6. Battaglin Giovanni at 38'12'' - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
  7. Maas Jo at 38'38'' - 1981 : positive control (sanction not known)
  8. Wellens Paul at 39'06'' - 1985 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  9. Criquielion Claude at 40'38'' - 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
  10. Thurau Dietrich at 44'35'' - 1980 : absence to control ; 1980 : positive control ; 1980 : positive control and fraud (no penalty) ; 1980 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : in the act ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
  11. Van Impe Lucien at 47'26'' - 1981 : absence to control
  12. Nilsson Sven-ake at 48'16''
  13. Villemiane Pierre-raymond at 59'09'' - 1989 : positive control
  14. Van Der Velde Johann at 59'13'' - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
  15. Schepers Eddy at 59'51'' - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
  16. Martinez Mariano at 1h01'36'' - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
  17. Hézard Yves at 1h03'05'' - 1971 : positive control
  18. Lubberding Henk at 1h03'09''
  19. Alban Robert at 1h06'49'' - 1981 : positive control
  20. Vallet Bernard at 1h08'25'' - 1982 : absence to control
  21. De Schoenmaecker Joseph at 1h09'32''
  22. Seznec Christian at 1h09'52'' - 1988 : positive control
  23. Pevenage Rudy at 1h11'24'' - 2006 : police investigation, confessions in 2010
  24. Martin Raymond at 1h14'30'' - 1982 : positive control
  25. Martens René at 1h14'46''
  26. Bittinger René at 1h19'57''
  27. Knudsen Knud at 1h24'38'' - 1975 : positive control
  28. Galdos Francisco at 1h26'49''
  29. Didier Lucien at 1h27'28'' - 1982 : positive control
  30. Knetemann Gerrie at 1h39'13'' - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
  31. De Vos Hendrik at 1h40'00'' - 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
  32. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 1h42'36''
  33. Bazzo Pierre at 1h43'07'' - 1983 : positive control
  34. Meslet Alain at 1h45'39'' - 1978 : positive control (no penalty) ; 198x : confessions in 1981 (no penalty) ; 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
  35. Chassang Jean at 1h46'46'' - 1989 : positive control
  36. Peeters Ludo at 1h52'30''
  37. Laurent Michel at 1h53'25''
  38. Kelly Sean at 1h54'36'' - 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : positive control
  39. Delcroix Ludo at 1h55'58''
  40. Michaud Jacques at 1h57'13''
  41. Vanoverschelde Didier at 1h59'22'' - 1983 : positive control
  42. Becaas Bernard at 1h59'26''
  43. Borguet Joseph at 2h00'07''
  44. Pronk Hubert at 2h01'06''
  45. Jacobs Jozef at 2h03'17''
  46. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert at 2h10'07'' - 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
  47. Le Guilloux Maurice at 2h10'49'' - 1973 : positive control
  48. Den Hertog Fedor at 2h11'29''
  49. Mathis Hubert at 2h13'38'' - 1982 : positive control
  50. Gauthier Jean-louis at 2h15'23''
  51. Levavasseur Christian at 2h15'30''
  52. Julien Ferdinand at 2h16'05''
  53. Friou Patrick at 2h16'37''
  54. Santoni Glauco at 2h17'21''
  55. De Carvalho Alain at 2h22'32''
  56. Teirlinck Willy at 2h23'20'' - 1977 : positive control
  57. Demeyer Marc at 2h23'49''
  58. Van Calster Guido at 2h24'29'' - 1986 : positive control
  59. Chalmel André at 2h27'31''
  60. Bossis Jacques at 2h28'58'' - 1983 : positive control
  61. Dillen René at 2h29'45''
  62. Bonnet Patrick at 2h30'35'' - 1981 : positive control
  63. Legeay Roger at 2h32'06'' - 1974 : positive control
  64. Vanzo Dorino at 2h33'50''
  65. Balbuena Miguel Angel at 2h34'23''
  66. Parsani Sergio at 2h37'45''
  67. Gallopin Joël at 2h42'06'' - 1979 : positive control
  68. Jourdan Christian at 2h43'41'' - 1980 : positive control
  69. Thévenard Patrice at 2h43'39''
  70. Mollet André at 2h46'32'' - 1982 : confessions in 1987 (no penalty) ; 198x : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
  71. Verschuere Pol at 2h46'53''
  72. Michel Jean-marie at 2h48'02''
  73. Pescheux Jean-françois at 2h48'12''
  74. Arbes Hubert at 2h49'43''
  75. Mutter Stefan at 2h52'29''
  76. Mijngheer Wim at 2h55'00''
  77. Leali Bruno at 2h56'59'' - 2010 : police investigation
  78. Alfonsel Bernardo at 3h00'12''
  79. Bourreau Bernard at 3h02'04'' - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
  80. Lelay Gilbert at 3h02'22'' - 1979 : positive control
  81. Sherwen Paul at 3h03'46''
  82. Bellet Maurizioh
  83. Oliva Andrès at 3h11'14''
  84. Sanders Dominique at 3h13'58'' - 1981 : positive control
  85. De Cauwer José at 3h20'28'' - 2000 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  86. Garcia Eulalioh - 1978 : fraud
  87. Beucherie Serge at 3h38'54''
  88. Van Linden Alex at 3h49'57''
  89. Schoenbacher Gerhard at 4h19'21''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Kuiper Hennie
  2. Nilsson Sven-ake
  3. Lubberding Henk
  4. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
  5. Martens René
  6. Bittinger René
  7. Galdos Francisco
  8. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  9. Peeters Ludo
  10. Laurent Michel
  11. Delcroix Ludo
  12. Michaud Jacques
  13. Becaas Bernard
  14. Borguet Joseph
  15. Pronk Hubert
  16. Jacobs Jozef
  17. Den Hertog Fedor
  18. Gauthier Jean-louis
  19. Levavasseur Christian
  20. Julien Ferdinand
  21. Friou Patrick
  22. Santoni Glauco
  23. De Carvalho Alain
  24. Demeyer Marc
  25. Chalmel André
  26. Dillen René
  27. Vanzo Dorino
  28. Balbuena Miguel Angel
  29. Parsani Sergio
  30. Thévenard Patrice
  31. Verschuere Pol
  32. Michel Jean-marie
  33. Pescheux Jean-françois
  34. Arbes Hubert
  35. Mutter Stefan
  36. Mijngheer Wim
  37. Alfonsel Bernardo
  38. Sherwen Paul
  39. Bellet Maurizio
  40. Oliva Andrès
  41. Beucherie Serge
  42. Van Linden Alex
  43. Schoenbacher Gerhard



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

RENAULT-GITANE

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

1. Hinault Bernard - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
2. Arbes Hubert
3. Becaas Bernard
4. Bernaudeau Jean-rené - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
5. Chalmel André
6. Chassang Jean - 1989 : positive control
7. Chaumaz Gilbert - 1979 : positive control ; 1979 : absence to control
8. Didier Lucien - 1982 : positive control
9. Le Guilloux Maurice - 1973 : positive control
10. Villemiane Pierre-raymond - 1989 : positive control

MIKO-MERCIER

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

11. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
12. Friou Patrick
13. Gallopin Joël - 1979 : positive control
14. Gauthier Jean-louis
15. Levavasseur Christian
16. Martin Raymond - 1982 : positive control
17. Mathis Hubert - 1982 : positive control
18. Mollet André - 1982 : confessions in 1987 (no penalty) ; 198x : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
19. Nilsson Sven-ake
20. Seznec Christian - 1988 : positive control

FLANDRIA-CA VA SEUL

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

21. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
22. Bittinger René
23. Bonnet Patrick - 1981 : positive control
24. Demeyer Marc
25. De Vos Hendrik - 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
26. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
27. Martens René
28. Michaud Jacques
29. Thévenard Patrice
30. Verschuere Pol

TI RALEIGH

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

31. Knetemann Gerrie - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
32. Lubberding Henk
33. Mutter Stefan
34. Pronk Hubert
35. Raas Jan
36. Sutter Ueli
37. Van Der Velde Johann - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
38. Van Vliet Leo
39. Wellens Paul - 1985 : absence to control (sanction not known)
40. Wesemael Wilfried

KAS

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

41. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
42. Alfonsel Bernardo
43. Borguet Joseph
44. Criquielion Claude - 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
45. Dillen René
46. Galdos Francisco
47. Ladron De Guevarra Rafael
48. Teirlinck Willy - 1977 : positive control
49. Vilardebo Pedro - 1978 : fraud
50. Van Looy Frans - 1979 : positive control

LA REDOUTE-MOTOBECANE

51. Martinez Mariano - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
52. Bazzo Pierre - 1983 : positive control
53. Jourdan Christian - 1980 : positive control
54. Mace Gérard
55. Michel Jean-marie
56. Patritti Alain - 1977 : confessions in 1987 (no penalty) ; 1977 : police investigation
57. Pescheux Jean-françois
58. Poirier Christian - 1980 : positive control
59. Vanoverschelde Didier - 1983 : positive control
60. Vallet Bernard - 1982 : absence to control

PEUGEOT-ESSO

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

61. Kuiper Hennie
62. Bossis Jacques - 1983 : positive control
63. Bourreau Bernard - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
64. De Cauwer José - 2000 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
65. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert - 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
66. Esclassan Jacques - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
67. Hézard Yves - 1971 : positive control
68. Laurent Michel
69. Legeay Roger - 1974 : positive control
70. Perret Patrick - 1982 : absence to control (sanction not known)

TEKA

15 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1,2 per year

71. Esparza Manuel - 1979 : positive control
72. Fernandez Ovies Faustino - 1979 : positive control
73. Garcia Eulalio - 1978 : fraud
74. Gutierrez Mayor Miguel
75. Kraft Jürgen
76. Lopez-carril Vicente
77. Oliva Andrès
78. Pesarrodona José
79. Sanders Dominique - 1981 : positive control
80. Viejo José-luis - 1975 : positive control

FIAT-LA FRANCE

2 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,5 per year

81. Alban Robert - 1981 : positive control
82. Balbuena Miguel Angel
83. Beucherie Serge
84. Bourrier Didier
85. De Carvalho Alain
86. Julien Ferdinand
87. Lelay Gilbert - 1979 : positive control
88. Meslet Alain - 1978 : positive control (no penalty) ; 198x : confessions in 1981 (no penalty) ; 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
89. Tesnière Philippe
90. Sherwen Paul

IJSBOERKE-WARNCKE

91. Thurau Dietrich - 1980 : absence to control ; 1980 : positive control ; 1980 : positive control and fraud (no penalty) ; 1980 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : in the act ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
92. Colman Rudy
93. Delcroix Ludo
94. Den Hertog Fedor
95. Dierickx André
96. Jacobs Jozef
97. Peeters Ludo
98. Pevenage Rudy - 2006 : police investigation, confessions in 2010
99. Van De Poel Jozef
100. Verlinden Gery - 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control

SPLENDOR

15 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 0,47 per year

101. Pollentier Michel - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
102. Beyssens Herman
103. Desaever Alain
104. Dumont Christian
105. Jesson Paul
106. Kelly Sean - 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : positive control
107. Loos Ludo
108. Malfait Lieven
109. Mijngheer Wim
110. Verschaeve Roger

BIANCHI-FAEMA

17 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,18 per year

111. De Muynck Johan
112. Cavalcanti Giovanni - 1967 : positive control
113. Donadello Aldo
114. Knudsen Knud - 1975 : positive control
115. Lualdi Valerio
116. Parsani Sergio
117. Pozzi Alessandro 1
118. Santoni Glauco
119. Van Linden Alex
120. Van Linden Rik

DAF TRUCKS

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

121. Schepers Eddy - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
122. Bellet Maurizio
123. De Haes Emile
124. Maas Jo - 1981 : positive control (sanction not known)
125. Mintkiewicz Robert - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
126. Pevenage Patrick
127. Schoenbacher Gerhard
128. Tackaert William - 1986 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
129. Van Calster Guido - 1986 : positive control
130. Verbrugge Jaak

INOXPRAN

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

131. Battaglin Giovanni - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
132. Berto Nazzareno
133. Busolini Patrick
134. Foresti Gianfranco
135. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
136. Magrini Riccardo
137. Mantovani Giovanni
138. Moro Luigino
139. Pugliese Pasquale
140. Vanzo Dorino

MAGNIFLEX-FAMCUCINE

No doping cases listed for this team

141. Baronchelli Gianbattista
142. Baronchelli Gaetano
143. Bausager Per
144. Ceruti Roberto
145. Johansson Bernt
146. Marcussen Jorgen
147. Paleari Ignazio
148. Polini Walter
149. Sgalbazzi Amilcare
150. Vandi Alfio



See also