Tour de France 1977 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
LEJEUNE-BP 10 5 1 1 1 1
MIKO-MERCIER-HUTCHINSON 10 9 2 2 0 0
PEUGEOT-ESSO-MICHELIN 10 8 2 1 1 1
KAS-CAMPAGNOLO 10 5 1 0 0 0
FRISOL-GAZELLE-THIRION 10 5 0 0 0 0
GITANE-CAMPAGNOLO 10 7 1 1 0 0
TEKA 10 4 0 0 0 0
FIAT 10 3 1 1 0 0
TI-RALEIGH 10 5 2 1 1 0
BIANCHI-CAMPAGNOLO 10 2 0 0 0 0
Total 100 53 10 7 3 2
Pourcentage 53% 70% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Thévenet Bernard in 115h38'30'' - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  2. Kuiper Hennie at 00'48''
  3. Van Impe Lucien at 03'32'' - 1981 : absence to control
  4. Galdos Francisco at 07'45''
  5. Thurau Dietrich at 12'24'' - 1980 : absence to control ; 1980 : positive control ; 1980 : positive control and fraud (no penalty) ; 1980 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : in the act ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
  6. Merckx Eddy at 12'38'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
  7. Laurent Michel at 17'42''
  8. Zoetemelk Joop at 19'22'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  9. Delisle Raymond at 21'32'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  10. Meslet Alain at 27'31'' - 1978 : positive control (no penalty) ; 198x : confessions in 1981 (no penalty) ; 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
  11. Martin Raymond at 28'35'' - 1982 : positive control
  12. Pronk Hubert at 30'06''
  13. Agostinho Joachim at 33'13'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  14. Aja Gonzalo at 36'11''
  15. Villemiane Pierre-raymond at 36'42'' - 1989 : positive control
  16. Martins José at 38'53'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  17. Janssens Edward at 46'13''
  18. Martinez Heredia Enrique at 47'30''
  19. Torres Pedro at 47'39''
  20. Vallet Bernard at 48'41'' - 1982 : absence to control
  21. Julien Ferdinand at 49'32''
  22. Seznec Christian at 51'39'' - 1988 : positive control
  23. Lopez-carril Vicente at 52'46''
  24. Ovion Régis at 54'55'' - 1976 : positive control
  25. Ocana Luis at 1h02'09'' - 1977 : positive control
  26. Lubberding Henk at 1h02'13''
  27. Mendes Fernando at 1h02'36'' - 1977 : positive control ; 1980 : absence to control
  28. Esclassan Jacques at 1h02'54'' - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
  29. De Schoenmaecker Joseph at 1h08'11''
  30. Wellens Paul at 1h08'12'' - 1985 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  31. Knetemann Gerrie at 1h11'23'' - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
  32. Cima José-enrique at 1h15'30'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control (sanction not known)
  33. Berland Roland at 1h15'41''
  34. Bourreau Bernard at 1h23'07'' - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
  35. Danguillaume Jean-pierre at 1h25'37'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  36. Plet Eugène at 1h25'50''
  37. Legeay Roger at 1h33'11'' - 1974 : positive control
  38. Cavalcanti Giovanni at 1h33'57'' - 1967 : positive control
  39. Santambrogio Giacinto at 1h35'24''
  40. Sibille Guy at 1h36'43'' - 1976 : positive control ; 1977 : absence to control
  41. Hoban Barry at 1h39'30'' - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
  42. Chalmel André at 1h44'06''
  43. Le Denmat Michel at 1h44'46''
  44. Gandarias Andres at 1h49'48''
  45. Menendez Antonio at 1h50'38'' - 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  46. De Cauwer José at 1h56'01'' - 2000 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  47. Balague Luis at 2h01'58''
  48. Huysmans Jozef at 2h06'49''
  49. Singer Wilheim at 2h08'06''
  50. Bouloux Robert at 2h12'55''
  51. Bal Cees at 2h22'18'' - 1976 : positive control
  52. Karstens Gerben at 2h23'47'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
  53. Loysch Roger 1 at 2h24'08'' - 1974 : positive control



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Kuiper Hennie
  2. Galdos Francisco
  3. Laurent Michel
  4. Pronk Hubert
  5. Aja Gonzalo
  6. Janssens Edward
  7. Martinez Heredia Enrique
  8. Torres Pedro
  9. Julien Ferdinand
  10. Lopez-carril Vicente
  11. Lubberding Henk
  12. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
  13. Berland Roland
  14. Plet Eugène
  15. Santambrogio Giacinto
  16. Chalmel André
  17. Le Denmat Michel
  18. Gandarias Andres
  19. Balague Luis
  20. Huysmans Jozef
  21. Singer Wilheim
  22. Bouloux Robert



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

LEJEUNE-BP

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

1. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
2. Bazzo Pierre - 1983 : positive control
3. Bracke Ferdinand - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
4. Dillen René
5. Gutierrez Antoine - 1978 : fraud ; 1979 : positive control
6. Julien Ferdinand
7. Le Denmat Michel
8. Legeay Roger - 1974 : positive control
9. Plet Eugène
10. Schuiten Roy

MIKO-MERCIER-HUTCHINSON

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

11. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
12. Bertin Yvon
13. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
14. Hoban Barry - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
15. Le Guilloux Maurice - 1973 : positive control
16. Martin Raymond - 1982 : positive control
17. Perret Patrick - 1982 : absence to control (sanction not known)
18. Rouxel Charles - 1975 : absence to control (sanction not known)
19. Seznec Christian - 1988 : positive control
20. Vallet Bernard - 1982 : absence to control

PEUGEOT-ESSO-MICHELIN

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

21. Thévenet Bernard - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
22. Béon Patrick - 1975 : confessions in 2008 (no penalty) ; 1976 : confessions in 2002 (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation
23. Bourreau Bernard - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
24. Danguillaume Jean-pierre - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
25. Delépine Régis - 1975 : positive control
26. Esclassan Jacques - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
27. Laurent Michel
28. Ovion Régis - 1976 : positive control
29. Sibille Guy - 1976 : positive control ; 1977 : absence to control
30. Talbourdet Georges

KAS-CAMPAGNOLO

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

31. Galdos Francisco
32. Andiano Julian
33. Cima José-enrique - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control (sanction not known)
34. Lopez-carril Vicente
35. Martinez Heredia Enrique
36. Martins José - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
37. Menendez Antonio - 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
38. Nazabal José - 1978 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
39. Pesarrodona José
40. Pozo Sebastian - 1977 : absence to control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)

FRISOL-GAZELLE-THIRION

6 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,33 per year

41. Ocana Luis - 1977 : positive control
42. Den Hertog Fedor
43. Loysch Roger 1 - 1974 : positive control
44. Raas Jan
45. Romero André - 1975 : positive control
46. Rosiers Roger - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
47. Schepmans Benny
48. Smit Theo
49. Wellens Paul - 1985 : absence to control (sanction not known)
50. Wesemael Wilfried

GITANE-CAMPAGNOLO

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

51. Meslet Alain - 1978 : positive control (no penalty) ; 198x : confessions in 1981 (no penalty) ; 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
52. Bossis Jacques - 1983 : positive control
53. Berland Roland
54. Chalmel André
55. Chassang Jean - 1989 : positive control
56. Mintkiewicz Robert - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
57. Moneyron Gérard - 197x : confessions in 1977 (sanction not known)
58. Quilfen Bernard
59. Teirlinck Willy - 1977 : positive control
60. Villemiane Pierre-raymond - 1989 : positive control

TEKA

15 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1,2 per year

61. Torres Pedro
62. Aja Gonzalo
63. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
64. Alfonsel Bernardo
65. Balague Luis
66. Esparza Manuel - 1979 : positive control
67. Gandarias Andres
68. Melero Carlos - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
69. Mendes Fernando - 1977 : positive control ; 1980 : absence to control
70. Thaler Klaus-peter

FIAT

1 year of existence, 2 cases, ie 2 per year

71. Merckx Eddy - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
72. Bal Cees - 1976 : positive control
73. Bouloux Robert
74. Bruyère Joseph - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
75. Delcroix Ludo
76. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
77. Huysmans Jozef
78. Janssens Edward
79. Molineris Jean-luc
80. Sercu Patrick

TI-RALEIGH

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

81. Kuiper Hennie
82. De Cauwer José - 2000 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
83. Karstens Gerben - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
84. Knetemann Gerrie - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
85. Lubberding Henk
86. Nickson Bill
87. Pronk Hubert
88. Thurau Dietrich - 1980 : absence to control ; 1980 : positive control ; 1980 : positive control and fraud (no penalty) ; 1980 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : in the act ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
89. Van Den Hoek Aad
90. Van Katwijk Piet - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)

BIANCHI-CAMPAGNOLO

17 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,18 per year

91. Van Linden Rik
92. Castelletti Luigi
93. Cavalcanti Giovanni - 1967 : positive control
94. In't Ven Willy - 1970 : positive control
95. Parsani Sergio
96. Rossi Tullio
97. Santambrogio Giacinto
98. Santoni Glauco
99. Singer Wilheim
100. Van Linden Alex



See also