Tour de France 1969 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
BIC 10 6 1 1 0 0
MANN-GRUNDIG 10 5 0 0 0 0
PEUGEOT-B.P-MICHELIN 10 9 2 2 1 1
KAS-KASKOL 10 1 1 0 0 0
FLANDRIA-DE CLERCK-KRUGER 10 3 0 0 0 0
FAEMA 10 5 1 1 1 1
SONOLOR-LEJEUNE-WOLBER 10 7 0 0 0 0
MERCIER-B.P-HUTCHINSON 10 5 1 1 1 1
FRIMATIC-DE GRIBALDY-VIVA-WOLBER 10 6 1 1 0 0
WILLEM II-GAZELLE 10 5 1 1 0 0
FAGOR 10 4 0 0 0 0
MOLTENI 10 3 1 1 0 0
SALVARANI 10 5 1 1 0 0
Total 130 64 10 9 3 3
Pourcentage 49,23% 90% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Merckx Eddy in 116h16'02'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
  2. Pingeon Roger at 17'54'' - 1970 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1979 (sanction not known)
  3. Poulidor Raymond at 22'13'' - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
  4. Gimondi Felice at 29'24'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
  5. Gandarias Andres at 33'04''
  6. Wagtmans Rini at 33'57'' - 1971 : positive control
  7. Vianelli Franco at 42'40'' - 1969 : positive control
  8. Agostinho Joachim at 51'24'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  9. Letort Désiré at 51'41'' - 1967 : positive control, confessions in 1997 ; 1967 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : positive control
  10. Janssen Jan at 52'56'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control & constat de carence ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
  11. Galera Joaquim at 54'47'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
  12. Van Impe Lucien at 56'17'' - 1981 : absence to control
  13. Theillière Jean-claude at 1h04'58'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1975 : absence to control
  14. Panizza Wladimiro at 1h05'16''
  15. Schutz Edy at 1h06'58''
  16. Dumont Jean at 1h07'25'' - 1971 : positive control
  17. Gutty Paul at 1h08'05'' - 1970 : positive control
  18. Van Springel Herman at 1h10'11'' - 1966 : positive control
  19. Castello Eduardo at 1h14'04''
  20. Dancelli Michele at 1h17'36'' - 1966 : positive control
  21. Galdos Francisco at 1h17'44''
  22. Lopez Rodriguez Jose-manuel at 1h21'20''
  23. Vandenbossche Martin at 1h22'08''
  24. Gabica Francisco at 1h28'19''
  25. Labourdette Bernard at 1h30'03'' - 1976 : fraud
  26. Zimmermann André at 1h33'56'' - 1967 : fraud & positive control
  27. David Wilfried at 1h36'31'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : positive control
  28. Spruyt Jozef at 1h42'08''
  29. Van Schil Victor at 1h49'08'' - 1968 : fraud
  30. Aimar Lucien at 1h52'57'' - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  31. Bayssière André at 1h57'58'' - 1965 : confessions in 1965
  32. Harrison Derek at 1h58'24'' - 1969 : positive control
  33. Poppe André at 1h59'59''
  34. Abrahamian Stéphane at 2h01'36''
  35. Izier Maurice at 2h04'56''
  36. Zandegu Dino at 2h07'28''
  37. Delisle Raymond at 2h08'57'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  38. Perurena Domingo at 2h15'13'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  39. Balmamion Franco at 2h15'25'' - 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
  40. Janssens Edward at 2h15'49''
  41. Lazcano Santiago at 2h17'33''
  42. Raymond Christian at 2h18'16'' - 1969 : absence to control
  43. Ferretti Giancarlo at 2h24'29'' - 1997 : police investigation
  44. Swerts Roger at 2h26'19'' - 1966 : positive control
  45. Bellone Gilbert at 2h26'22'' - 1966 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1969 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1973 : positive control (no penalty)
  46. Lebaube Jean-claude at 2h30'09''
  47. Galera Manuel at 2h31'22''
  48. Vidament Jean at 2h33'17''
  49. Dolman Evert at 2h33'37'' - 1967 : fraud ; 1970 : fraud (sanction not known)
  50. Guyot Bernard at 2h40'41'' - 1968 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control
  51. Poggiali Roberto at 2h41'17''
  52. Peffgen Wilfried at 2h42'50'' - 1969 : positive control
  53. Berland Roland at 2h43'47''
  54. Rigon Francis at 2h44'05''
  55. Bouloux Robert at 2h44'17''
  56. Vandenberghe Georgesh
  57. Bracke Ferdinand at 2h45'28'' - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
  58. Gomez Lucas José at 2h46'12''
  59. Scandelli Pietro at 2h46'42''
  60. De Boever Jaak at 2h47'11''
  61. Jimenez Nemesio at 2h47'59''
  62. Bodin Jean-louis at 2h49'32'' - 1969 : positive control
  63. Haast Cees at 2h51'09''
  64. Van Der Flaas Jules at 2h51'44''
  65. Karstens Gerben at 2h52'17'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
  66. Catieau José at 2h53'46'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
  67. Hoban Barry at 2h54'02'' - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
  68. Genet Jean-pierre at 2h54'15''
  69. Anni Mario at 2h54'18''
  70. Delberghe Edouard at 2h55'58''
  71. Wright Michael at 2h56'47''
  72. Stevens Julien at 2h59'38'' - 1973 : positive control
  73. Santambrogio Giacinto at 3h01'27''
  74. Coulon Michel at 3h06'01''
  75. In't Ven Paul at 3h06'02''
  76. Mintjens Frans at 3h07'06''
  77. Reybrouck Guido at 3h08'00'' - 1966 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
  78. Ottenbros Harm at 3h08'10''
  79. Leman Eric at 3h12'13'' - 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
  80. Riotte Raymond at 3h12'37''
  81. Guerra Pietro at 3h15'53''
  82. De Block Marc at 3h21'15''
  83. Beugels Eddy at 3h21'52'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
  84. Cooreman Roger at 3h34'37''
  85. Matignon Pierre at 3h45'23'' - 1969 : positive control
  86. Wilhelm André at 3h51'53''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Gandarias Andres
  2. Panizza Wladimiro
  3. Schutz Edy
  4. Castello Eduardo
  5. Galdos Francisco
  6. Lopez Rodriguez Jose-manuel
  7. Vandenbossche Martin
  8. Gabica Francisco
  9. Spruyt Jozef
  10. Poppe André
  11. Abrahamian Stéphane
  12. Izier Maurice
  13. Zandegu Dino
  14. Janssens Edward
  15. Lazcano Santiago
  16. Lebaube Jean-claude
  17. Galera Manuel
  18. Vidament Jean
  19. Poggiali Roberto
  20. Berland Roland
  21. Rigon Francis
  22. Bouloux Robert
  23. Vandenberghe Georges
  24. Gomez Lucas José
  25. Scandelli Pietro
  26. De Boever Jaak
  27. Jimenez Nemesio
  28. Haast Cees
  29. Van Der Flaas Jules
  30. Genet Jean-pierre
  31. Anni Mario
  32. Delberghe Edouard
  33. Wright Michael
  34. Santambrogio Giacinto
  35. Coulon Michel
  36. In't Ven Paul
  37. Mintjens Frans
  38. Ottenbros Harm
  39. Riotte Raymond
  40. Guerra Pietro
  41. De Block Marc
  42. Cooreman Roger
  43. Wilhelm André



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

BIC

8 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 3,5 per year

1. Janssen Jan - 1967 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control & constat de carence ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
2. Aimar Lucien - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
3. Bellone Gilbert - 1966 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1969 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1973 : positive control (no penalty)
4. Berland Roland
5. Bolley Serge - 1974 : positive control
6. Grosskost Charly - 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
7. Novak Anatole
8. Perez Frances José
9. Samyn José - 1968 : positive control
10. Wright Michael

MANN-GRUNDIG

11 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,73 per year

11. Cooreman Roger
12. Dewitte Ronald - 1974 : positive control
13. Huysmans Jozef
14. In't Ven Paul
15. In't Ven Willy - 1970 : positive control
16. Pintens Georges
17. Poppe André
18. Rosiers Roger - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
19. Vanneste Willy - 1967 : positive control
20. Van Springel Herman - 1966 : positive control

PEUGEOT-B.P-MICHELIN

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

21. Bayssière André - 1965 : confessions in 1965
22. Bouloux Robert
23. Bracke Ferdinand - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
24. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
25. Dumont Jean - 1971 : positive control
26. Karstens Gerben - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
27. Letort Désiré - 1967 : positive control, confessions in 1997 ; 1967 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : positive control
28. Monty Willy - 1967 : positive control
29. Pingeon Roger - 1970 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1979 (sanction not known)
30. Raymond Christian - 1969 : absence to control

KAS-KASKOL

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

31. Castello Eduardo
32. Galdos Francisco
33. Gandarias Andres
34. Gomez Del Moral Antonio
35. Gomez Lucas José
36. Gonzalez Puente Aurelio
37. Jimenez Nemesio
38. Lazcano Santiago
39. Mascaro Gabriel - 1967 : positive control
40. San Miguel Gregorio

FLANDRIA-DE CLERCK-KRUGER

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

41. Coulon Michel
42. David Wilfried - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : positive control
43. De Block Marc
44. De Boever Jaak
45. De Vlaeminck Roger - 197x : fraud (sanction not known)
46. Leman Eric - 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
47. Mahieu Pol
48. Monteyne Jean
49. Nassen Pieter
50. Van Clooster Noël

FAEMA

3 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 2,33 per year

51. Merckx Eddy - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
52. Mintjens Frans
53. Reybrouck Guido - 1966 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
54. Scandelli Pietro
55. Spruyt Jozef
56. Stevens Julien - 1973 : positive control
57. Swerts Roger - 1966 : positive control
58. Vandenberghe Georges
59. Vandenbossche Martin
60. Van Schil Victor - 1968 : fraud

SONOLOR-LEJEUNE-WOLBER

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

61. Abrahamian Stéphane
62. Catieau José - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
63. Delberghe Edouard
64. Gilson Roger - 1968 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control
65. Guyot Bernard - 1968 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control
66. Ravaleu Yves - 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : fraud
67. Theillière Jean-claude - 1968 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1975 : absence to control
68. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
69. Wilhelm André
70. Zimmermann André - 1967 : fraud & positive control

MERCIER-B.P-HUTCHINSON

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

71. Beugels Eddy - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
72. Chappe Georges - 1969 : positive control
73. Genet Jean-pierre
74. Hoban Barry - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
75. Janssens Edward
76. Labourdette Bernard - 1976 : fraud
77. Lemeteyer Paul
78. Poulidor Raymond - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
79. Riotte Raymond
80. Vidament Jean

FRIMATIC-DE GRIBALDY-VIVA-WOLBER

3 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1,33 per year

81. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
82. Bodin Jean-louis - 1969 : positive control
83. Gutty Paul - 1970 : positive control
84. Harrison Derek - 1969 : positive control
85. Izier Maurice
86. Jourden Jean - 1971 : positive control
87. Lebaube Jean-claude
88. Matignon Pierre - 1969 : positive control
89. Planckaert Willy
90. Rigon Francis

WILLEM II-GAZELLE

6 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 1,17 per year

91. Dolman Evert - 1967 : fraud ; 1970 : fraud (sanction not known)
92. Haast Cees
93. Nijdam Henk - 1969 : positive control
94. Ottenbros Harm
95. Pijnen René
96. Poortvliet Leen
97. Timmermans Jozef - 1969 : positive control
98. Van Der Flaas Jules
99. Van Looy Rik - 1965 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1967 : positive control (sanction not known)
100. Wagtmans Rini - 1971 : positive control

FAGOR

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

101. Diaz Mariano - 1968 : positive control
102. Gabica Francisco
103. Galera Joaquim - 1968 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
104. Galera Manuel
105. Lopez Rodriguez Jose-manuel
106. Mendiburu Ramon
107. Momene José-antonio
108. Ocana Luis - 1977 : positive control
109. Perurena Domingo - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
110. Santamarina Luis-pedro

MOLTENI

19 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,89 per year

111. Anni Mario
112. Basso Marino - 2010 : positive control (?)
113. Bianco Giannino
114. Dancelli Michele - 1966 : positive control
115. Fontanelli Sigfrido
116. Polidori Giancarlo
117. Santambrogio Giacinto
118. Schutz Edy
119. Tosello Guerrino
120. Vianelli Franco - 1969 : positive control

SALVARANI

10 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,6 per year

121. Altig Rudi - 1966 : absence to control ; 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1967 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1969 : controle positif + confessions in 1969 (sanction not known) ; 1971 : absence to control
122. Balmamion Franco - 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
123. Carletto Lino
124. Ferretti Giancarlo - 1997 : police investigation
125. Gimondi Felice - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
126. Guerra Pietro
127. Panizza Wladimiro
128. Peffgen Wilfried - 1969 : positive control
129. Poggiali Roberto
130. Zandegu Dino



See also