Tour de France 1971 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
MOLTENI 10 7 1 1 1 1
MARS-FLANDRIA 10 5 1 1 1 1
FERRETTI 10 0 0 0 0 0
SONOLOR-LEJEUNE 10 8 2 2 1 1
FAGOR-MERCIER 10 6 1 1 0 0
SALVARANI 10 3 0 0 0 0
KAS 10 2 1 0 0 0
PEUGEOT 10 8 1 1 0 0
HOOVER-DE GRIBALDY 10 5 1 1 0 0
BIC 10 7 2 2 0 0
SCIC 10 2 0 0 0 0
GOUDSMIT 10 2 0 0 0 0
WERNER 10 1 0 0 0 0
Total 130 56 10 9 3 3
Pourcentage 43,08% 90% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Merckx Eddy in 96h45'14'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
  2. Zoetemelk Joop at 09'51'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  3. Van Impe Lucien at 11'06'' - 1981 : absence to control
  4. Thévenet Bernard at 14'50'' - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  5. Agostinho Joachim at 21'00'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  6. Mortensen Leif at 21'38'' - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
  7. Guimard Cyrille at 22'58'' - 1970 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1974 : positive control
  8. Labourdette Bernard at 30'07'' - 1976 : fraud
  9. Aimar Lucien at 32'45'' - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  10. Lopez-carril Vicente at 36'00''
  11. Galdos Francisco at 41'59''
  12. Mori Primo at 47'44''
  13. Martos Antonio at 48'13''
  14. Van Springel Herman at 48'20'' - 1966 : positive control
  15. Tamames Agustin at 49'19''
  16. Wagtmans Rini at 52'50'' - 1971 : positive control
  17. Letort Désiré at 57'53'' - 1967 : positive control, confessions in 1997 ; 1967 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : positive control
  18. Danguillaume Jean-pierre at 59'10'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  19. Simonetti Mauro at 1h03'06''
  20. Dumont Jean at 1h03'49'' - 1971 : positive control
  21. Van Schil Victor at 1h08'28'' - 1968 : fraud
  22. Schleck Johnny at 1h09'35''
  23. Perin Michel at 1h10'19''
  24. Santamarina Luis-pedro at 1h10'28''
  25. Crepaldi Ottavio at 1h12'00'' - 1973 : absence to control
  26. Genet Jean-pierre at 1h14'52''
  27. Huysmans Jozef at 1h15'41''
  28. Guyot Bernard at 1h16'41'' - 1968 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control
  29. Van Vlierberghe Albert at 1h17'47''
  30. Van Der Vleuten Jos at 1h17'48'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control, fraud attempt
  31. Martinez Mariano at 1h19'31'' - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
  32. Raymond Christian at 1h23'24'' - 1969 : absence to control
  33. Diaz Ventura at 1h25'30'' - 1972 : positive control
  34. Riotte Raymond at 1h26'13''
  35. Swerts Roger at 1h27'52'' - 1966 : positive control
  36. Ducreux Francis at 1h28'41'' - 1967 : positive control
  37. Berland Roland at 1h30'57''
  38. Mascaro Gabriel at 1h33'08'' - 1967 : positive control
  39. Genty Jean-claude at 1h33'57'' - 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
  40. Hoban Barry at 1h33'59'' - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
  41. Bouloux Robert at 1h35'19''
  42. Vandenberghe Georges at 1h35'42''
  43. Catieau José at 1h36'12'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
  44. Spruyt Jozef at 1h36'36''
  45. Balague Luis at 1h37'15''
  46. Daunat Jean-claude at 1h38'38'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
  47. Rub Kurt at 1h40'41''
  48. Grosskost Charly at 1h41'26'' - 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
  49. Uribezubia José-luis at 1h42'05''
  50. Krekels Jan at 1h42'47''
  51. Vidament Jean at 1h43'37''
  52. Lopez Rodriguez Jose-manuel at 1h43'57''
  53. Manzaneque Jesus at 1h44'14'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
  54. Sanquer Jean-jacques at 1h44'35''
  55. Schutz Edy at 1h44'51''
  56. Cocquery François at 1h46'05''
  57. Mintjens Frans at 1h47'19''
  58. Bracke Ferdinand at 1h47'40'' - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
  59. Prinsen Wim at 1h49'26''
  60. Bruyère Joseph at 1h49'35'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
  61. Jimenez Nemesio at 1h49'46''
  62. De Vlaeminck Eric at 1h50'09'' - 1973 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 197x : police investigation (sanction not known)
  63. Karstens Gerben at 1h51'51'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
  64. Francioni Wilmo at 1h52'14''
  65. Vasseur Alain at 1h57'12''
  66. Armani Luciano at 1h58'14'' - 1968 : positive control
  67. Julia Hernandez Francisco at 1h59'58''
  68. Guerra Pietro at 2h02'34''
  69. Ravaleu Yves at 2h04'06'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : fraud
  70. Vanneste Willy at 2h05'10'' - 1967 : positive control
  71. Wolfshohl Rolf at 2h05'36'' - 1968 : positive control (sanction not known)
  72. Fuente José-manuel at 2h05'47''
  73. Galdeano Francisco-javier at 2h06'21''
  74. Teirlinck Willy at 2h08'07'' - 1977 : positive control
  75. Janssens Edward at 2h08'38''
  76. De Koning Mathijs at 2h08'48''
  77. Delisle Raymond at 2h09'24'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  78. Pella Adriano at 2h13'18''
  79. Ghisellini Pierre at 2h13'52''
  80. Benjamins Henk at 2h14'46''
  81. Grelin René at 2h18'14''
  82. Harings Ger at 2h25'12''
  83. Vercelli Celestino at 2h29'26''
  84. Mintkiewicz Robert at 2h35'40'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  85. Quintarelli Sandro at 2h36'19''
  86. Davo Silvano at 2h37'51''
  87. Van Katwijk Jan at 2h41'37''
  88. Peelman Eddy at 2h41'50'' - 1974 : positive control
  89. Martelozzo Pierre at 2h45'45''
  90. Stevens Julien at 2h47'21'' - 1973 : positive control
  91. Leman Eric at 2h51'38'' - 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
  92. Ballini Roberto at 2h52'26''
  93. Nassen Pieter at 2h57'48''
  94. Chappe Georges at 3h04'54'' - 1969 : positive control



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lopez-carril Vicente
  2. Galdos Francisco
  3. Mori Primo
  4. Martos Antonio
  5. Tamames Agustin
  6. Simonetti Mauro
  7. Schleck Johnny
  8. Perin Michel
  9. Santamarina Luis-pedro
  10. Genet Jean-pierre
  11. Huysmans Jozef
  12. Van Vlierberghe Albert
  13. Riotte Raymond
  14. Berland Roland
  15. Bouloux Robert
  16. Vandenberghe Georges
  17. Spruyt Jozef
  18. Balague Luis
  19. Rub Kurt
  20. Uribezubia José-luis
  21. Krekels Jan
  22. Vidament Jean
  23. Lopez Rodriguez Jose-manuel
  24. Sanquer Jean-jacques
  25. Schutz Edy
  26. Cocquery François
  27. Mintjens Frans
  28. Prinsen Wim
  29. Jimenez Nemesio
  30. Francioni Wilmo
  31. Vasseur Alain
  32. Julia Hernandez Francisco
  33. Guerra Pietro
  34. Fuente José-manuel
  35. Galdeano Francisco-javier
  36. Janssens Edward
  37. De Koning Mathijs
  38. Pella Adriano
  39. Ghisellini Pierre
  40. Benjamins Henk
  41. Grelin René
  42. Harings Ger
  43. Vercelli Celestino
  44. Quintarelli Sandro
  45. Davo Silvano
  46. Van Katwijk Jan
  47. Martelozzo Pierre
  48. Ballini Roberto
  49. Nassen Pieter



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

MOLTENI

19 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,89 per year

1. Merckx Eddy - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
2. Bruyère Joseph - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
3. Huysmans Jozef
4. Mintjens Frans
5. Spruyt Jozef
6. Stevens Julien - 1973 : positive control
7. Swerts Roger - 1966 : positive control
8. Van Schil Victor - 1968 : fraud
9. Van Springel Herman - 1966 : positive control
10. Wagtmans Rini - 1971 : positive control

MARS-FLANDRIA

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

11. De Vlaeminck Eric - 1973 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 197x : police investigation (sanction not known)
12. De Vlaeminck Roger - 197x : fraud (sanction not known)
13. Janssens Edward
14. Leman Eric - 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
15. Lievens Marc
16. Nassen Pieter
17. Schutz Edy
18. Tabak Tino
19. Vanneste Willy - 1967 : positive control
20. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)

FERRETTI

4 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,75 per year

21. Anni Mario
22. Ballini Roberto
23. Campagnari Pietro
24. Farisato Lino
25. Francioni Wilmo
26. Pettersson Gosta
27. Pettersson Tomas
28. Quintarelli Sandro
29. Simonetti Mauro
30. Van Vlierberghe Albert

SONOLOR-LEJEUNE

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

31. Aimar Lucien - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
32. Bellone Gilbert - 1966 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1969 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1973 : positive control (no penalty)
33. Catieau José - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
34. Guyot Bernard - 1968 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control
35. Hoban Barry - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
36. Mintkiewicz Robert - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
37. Riotte Raymond
38. Sanquer Jean-jacques
39. Teirlinck Willy - 1977 : positive control
40. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control

FAGOR-MERCIER

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

41. Chappe Georges - 1969 : positive control
42. Cocquery François
43. Delépine Régis - 1975 : positive control
44. Genet Jean-pierre
45. Grelin René
46. Guimard Cyrille - 1970 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1974 : positive control
47. Peelman Eddy - 1974 : positive control
48. Perin Michel
49. Vianen Gérard - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
50. Wolfshohl Rolf - 1968 : positive control (sanction not known)

SALVARANI

10 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,6 per year

51. Crepaldi Ottavio - 1973 : absence to control
52. Davo Silvano
53. De Pra Tommaso
54. Gualazzini Ercole
55. Guerra Pietro
56. Levati Virginio
57. Mori Primo
58. Motta Gianni - 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1971 : positive control
59. Reybrouck Guido - 1966 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
60. Vandenberghe Georges

KAS

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

61. Fuente José-manuel
62. Galdeano Francisco-javier
63. Galdos Francisco
64. Gandarias Andres
65. Jimenez Nemesio
66. Lopez-carril Vicente
67. Manzaneque Jesus - 1974 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
68. Mascaro Gabriel - 1967 : positive control
69. Uribezubia José-luis
70. Zubero Luis

PEUGEOT

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

71. Bouloux Robert
72. Bracke Ferdinand - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
73. Danguillaume Jean-pierre - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
74. David Wilfried - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : positive control
75. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
76. Dumont Jean - 1971 : positive control
77. Godefroot Walter - 1967 : absence to control ; 1973 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
78. Martelozzo Pierre
79. Raymond Christian - 1969 : absence to control
80. Thévenet Bernard - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)

HOOVER-DE GRIBALDY

1 year of existence, 2 cases, ie 2 per year

81. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
82. Botherel Jacques - 1976 : positive control
83. Daunat Jean-claude - 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
84. Fritz Albert
85. Ghisellini Pierre
86. Martinez Mariano - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
87. Ravaleu Yves - 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : fraud
88. Rivory Pierre
89. Rub Kurt
90. Vidament Jean

BIC

8 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 3,5 per year

91. Berland Roland
92. Ducreux Francis - 1967 : positive control
93. Genty Jean-claude - 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
94. Grosskost Charly - 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
95. Labourdette Bernard - 1976 : fraud
96. Letort Désiré - 1967 : positive control, confessions in 1997 ; 1967 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : positive control
97. Mortensen Leif - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
98. Ocana Luis - 1977 : positive control
99. Schleck Johnny
100. Vasseur Alain

SCIC

11 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,09 per year

101. Armani Luciano - 1968 : positive control
102. Balmamion Franco - 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
103. Benfatto Attilio
104. Boifava Davide
105. Conti Constantino
106. Michelotto Claudio
107. Paolini Enrico
108. Pella Adriano
109. Vercelli Celestino
110. Zini Paolo

GOUDSMIT

13 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,38 per year

111. Benjamins Henk
112. De Koning Mathijs
113. Harings Ger
114. Karstens Gerben - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
115. Krekels Jan
116. Prinsen Wim
117. Rentmeester Cees
118. Steevens Harry
119. Van Der Vleuten Jos - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control, fraud attempt
120. Van Katwijk Jan

WERNER

7 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,14 per year

121. Balague Luis
122. Casas José
123. Diaz Ventura - 1972 : positive control
124. Gomez Lucas José
125. Grande José
126. Lopez Rodriguez Jose-manuel
127. Martos Antonio
128. Santamarina Luis-pedro
129. Tamames Agustin
130. Julia Hernandez Francisco



See also