Tour de France 1995 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
BANESTO 9 3 1 1 1 1
GEWISS-BALLAN 9 6 2 2 1 1
CARRERA-TASSONI 9 6 0 0 0 0
AKI-GIPIEMME 9 5 0 0 0 0
MAPEI-GB 9 4 2 1 0 0
FESTINA 9 7 1 1 0 0
ONCE 9 4 3 2 1 1
LAMPRE-PANARIA 9 4 0 0 0 0
GAN 9 3 0 0 0 0
POLTI 9 6 0 0 0 0
KELME-AVIANCA 9 5 1 1 0 0
MOTOROLA 9 6 0 0 0 0
TVM-POLIS DIRECT 9 5 0 0 0 0
LOTTO-ISOGLAS 9 4 0 0 0 0
CASTORAMA 9 5 0 0 0 0
MG-TECHNOGYM 9 6 0 0 0 0
NOVELL 9 4 0 0 0 0
MERCATONE UNO-SAECO 9 3 0 0 0 0
CHAZAL-MBK-KONIG 9 2 0 0 0 0
BRESCIALAT 9 3 0 0 0 0
TELEKOM-ZG-SELLE ITALIA 9 7 0 0 0 0
Total 189 98 10 8 3 3
Pourcentage 52% 80% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : http://www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Indurain Miguel in 92h44'59'' Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  2. Zülle Alex at 0h04'35'' Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  3. Riis Bjarne at 0h06'47'' Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  4. Jalabert Laurent at 0h08'24'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  5. Gotti Ivan at 0h11'33'' Red card 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
  6. Mauri Melchior at 0h15'20''
  7. Escartin Fernando at 0h15'49''
  8. Rominger Tony at 0h16'46'' Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  9. Virenque Richard at 0h17'31'' Red card 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  10. Buenahora Hernan at 0h18'50'' Red card 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  11. Chiappucci Claudio at 0h18'55'' Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
  12. Madouas Laurent at 0h20'37'' Red card 1994 : positive control
  13. Pantani Marco at 0h26'20'' Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
  14. Lanfranchi Paolo at 0h29'41''
  15. Cenghialta Bruno at 0h29'55'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  16. Mejia Alvaro at 0h33'40'' Red card 1987 : positive control
  17. Hamburger Bo at 0h34'49'' Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  18. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 0h39'51''
  19. Dufaux Laurent at 0h45'55'' Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
  20. Breukink Erik at 0h47'27''
  21. Aparicio Vicente at 0h52'54''
  22. Robin Jean-cyril at 0h56'01'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  23. Gonzales Arsenio at 0h56'18''
  24. Munoz Federico at 1h01'03'' Red card 2004 : positive control
  25. Poulnikov Vladimir at 1h01'31'' Red card 1997 : positive control
  26. Podenzana Massimo at 1h01'54'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  27. Cubino Laudelino at 1h02'27'' Yellow card 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  28. Brochard Laurent at 1h02'45'' Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  29. Zberg Beat at 1h07'08''
  30. Ledanois Yvon at 1h14'04'' Red card 1999 : judicial investigation
  31. Bruyneel Johan at 1h18'14'' Red card 199x : judicial investigation
  32. Pellicioli Oscar at 1h20'13''
  33. Elli Alberto at 1h21'34'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  34. Bernard Jean-françois at 1h23'11''
  35. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 1h23'27''
  36. Armstrong Lance at 1h28'06'' Red card 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry
  37. Totschnig Georg at 1h30'47'' Yellow card 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  38. Bolts Udo at 1h31'16'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  39. Tafi Andrea at 1h36'49'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  40. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon at 1h38'04''
  41. Rue Gérard at 1h38'11''
  42. Zaina Enrico at 1h38'28''
  43. Lelli Massimiliano at 1h39'43''
  44. Peron Andrea at 1h42'18'' Yellow card 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
  45. Bouwmans Eddy at 1h44'09'' Yellow card 1994 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  46. Jaskula Zenon at 1h53'46'' Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  47. Sciandri Maximilian at 1h55'10'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  48. Vona Franco at 1h55'35''
  49. Skibby Jesper at 1h55'43'' Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  50. Sierra Leonardo at 1h56'17''
  51. Colombo Gabriele at 1h57'14''
  52. Den Bakker Maarten at 1h58'25''
  53. Bugno Gianni at 1h58'47'' Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  54. Ferrigato Andrea at 2h04'51''
  55. Rous Didier at 2h07'39'' Red card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998
  56. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine at 2h08'55'' Red card 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
  57. Miranda Carmelo at 2h08'57''
  58. Aldag Rolf at 2h13'41'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  59. Simon François at 2h15'16''
  60. Stephens Neil at 2h16'01'' Yellow card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
  61. Arroyo Miguel at 2h18'16''
  62. De Las Cuevas Armand at 2h19'23'' Red card 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
  63. Bouvard Gilles at 2h24'18'' Yellow card 1997 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : blood control (sanction not known)
  64. Hodge Stephen at 2h28'17'' Red card 1991 : confessions in 2012
  65. Volpi Alberto at 2h28'43'' Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
  66. Heppner Jens at 2h30'47'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  67. Jaermann Rolf at 2h32'14'' Yellow card 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
  68. Jeker Fabian at 2h38'21''
  69. Uriarte José-ramon at 2h38'22''
  70. Dekker Erik at 2h38'28'' Red card 1999 : positive control
  71. Tchmil Andrei at 2h39'02''
  72. Donati Massimo at 2h40'04''
  73. Museeuw Johan at 2h41'54'' Red card 2003 : judicial investigation ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  74. Ouchakov Sergueï at 2h42'07'' Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control
  75. Kasputis Arturas at 2h45'50''
  76. Van De Laer Jim at 2h45'52''
  77. Frattini Francesco at 2h46'11''
  78. Alonso Marino at 2h47'25''
  79. Bottaro Dario at 2h47'26''
  80. Davy Thomas at 2h49'17'' Red card 1995 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1997 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known)
  81. Perona Davide at 2h51'34''
  82. Andreu Frankie at 2h52'15'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  83. Galletti Alessio at 2h52'22'' Red card 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
  84. Siboni Marcello at 2h53'16'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  85. Milesi Marco at 2h54'10''
  86. Vanzella Flavio at 2h54'10'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  87. Perini Giancarlo at 2h54'18'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  88. Peeters Wilfried at 2h54'38''
  89. Bontempi Guido at 2h55'28'' Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
  90. Zabel Erik at 2h56'48'' Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  91. Piziks Arvis at 2h57'55''
  92. Lemarchand François at 2h58'26''
  93. Vidal Jose-angel at 2h58'38''
  94. Marie Thierry at 2h58'54''
  95. Garmendia Aitor at 2h59'43'' Red card 1998 : blood test
  96. Gontchenkov Alexandre at 3h00'25''
  97. Maassen Frans at 3h01'43''
  98. Scirea Mario at 3h01'55'' Red card 2004 : in the act
  99. Bettin Mauro at 3h04'00''
  100. Loda Nicola at 3h04'45'' Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  101. Bauer Steve at 3h05'33''
  102. Brasi Rossano at 3h06'23'' Red card 2000 : blood test
  103. Lombardi Giovanni at 3h06'40'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  104. Talmant Gilles at 3h07'19''
  105. Farazijn Peter at 3h09'32'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  106. Colage Stefano at 3h10'04'' Red card 2021 : positive control
  107. Fagnini Gianmatteo at 3h12'11''
  108. Fidanza Giovanni at 3h12'20''
  109. Swart Stephen at 3h14'15'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2004 (no penalty)
  110. Gorini Gianluca at 3h14'20''
  111. Serpellini Marco at 3h16'05'' Yellow card 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  112. Cassani Davide at 3h16'51''
  113. Voskamp Bertus at 3h17'41'' Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
  114. Poli Eros at 3h21'26'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  115. Cornillet Bruno at 3h36'26''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Mauri Melchior
  2. Escartin Fernando
  3. Lanfranchi Paolo
  4. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  5. Breukink Erik
  6. Aparicio Vicente
  7. Gonzales Arsenio
  8. Zberg Beat
  9. Pellicioli Oscar
  10. Bernard Jean-françois
  11. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  12. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon
  13. Rue Gérard
  14. Zaina Enrico
  15. Lelli Massimiliano
  16. Vona Franco
  17. Sierra Leonardo
  18. Colombo Gabriele
  19. Den Bakker Maarten
  20. Ferrigato Andrea
  21. Miranda Carmelo
  22. Simon François
  23. Arroyo Miguel
  24. Jeker Fabian
  25. Uriarte José-ramon
  26. Tchmil Andrei
  27. Donati Massimo
  28. Kasputis Arturas
  29. Van De Laer Jim
  30. Frattini Francesco
  31. Alonso Marino
  32. Bottaro Dario
  33. Perona Davide
  34. Milesi Marco
  35. Peeters Wilfried
  36. Piziks Arvis
  37. Lemarchand François
  38. Vidal Jose-angel
  39. Marie Thierry
  40. Gontchenkov Alexandre
  41. Maassen Frans
  42. Bettin Mauro
  43. Bauer Steve
  44. Talmant Gilles
  45. Fagnini Gianmatteo
  46. Fidanza Giovanni
  47. Gorini Gianluca
  48. Cassani Davide
  49. Cornillet Bruno


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

BANESTO

45 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,64 per year

1. Indurain Miguel Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
2. Alonso Marino
3. Aparicio Vicente
4. Davy Thomas Red card 1995 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1997 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known)
5. Garmendia Aitor Red card 1998 : blood test
6. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon
7. Miranda Carmelo
8. Rue Gérard
9. Uriarte José-ramon

GEWISS-BALLAN

5 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 2,6 per year

11. Berzin Evgueni Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
12. Bontempi Guido Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
13. Bottaro Dario
14. Cenghialta Bruno Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
15. Colombo Gabriele
16. Frattini Francesco
17. Gotti Ivan Red card 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
18. Riis Bjarne Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
19. Volpi Alberto Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)

CARRERA-TASSONI

21 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,52 per year

21. Pantani Marco Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
22. Barbero Sergio Red card 2001 : positive control
23. Bertolini Alessandro Yellow card 1997 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
24. Chiappucci Claudio Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
25. Chiesa Mario Yellow card 1993 : police investigation (no penalty)
26. Siboni Marcello Red card 2001 : in the act
27. Sierra Leonardo
28. Zaina Enrico
29. Zberg Beat

AKI-GIPIEMME

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

31. Jaskula Zenon Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
32. Bettin Mauro
33. Citterio Giuseppe Yellow card 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
34. Foucachon René Red card 1987 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions ; 1997 : judicial investigation
35. Gorini Gianluca
36. Konyshev Dimitri
37. Rezze Dante
38. Simoni Gilberto Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
39. Zanette Denis Yellow card 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)

MAPEI-GB

41. Rominger Tony Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
42. Bomans Carlo
43. Bortolami Gianluca Red card 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
44. Escartin Fernando
45. Gonzales Arsenio
46. Mauleon Javier
47. Museeuw Johan Red card 2003 : judicial investigation ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
48. Peeters Wilfried
49. Tafi Andrea Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

FESTINA

12 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 2,58 per year

51. Virenque Richard Red card 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
52. Boscardin Bruno
53. Brochard Laurent Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
54. Dufaux Laurent Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
55. Hervé Pascal Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
56. Hodge Stephen Red card 1991 : confessions in 2012
57. Jeker Fabian
58. Michaelsen Lars Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
59. Robin Jean-cyril Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)

ONCE

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

61. Jalabert Laurent Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
62. Breukink Erik
63. Bruyneel Johan Red card 199x : judicial investigation
64. Diaz Zabala Herminio
65. Mauri Melchior
66. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
67. Rojas Mariano
68. Stephens Neil Yellow card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
69. Zülle Alex Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)

LAMPRE-PANARIA

71. Fondriest Maurizio
72. Belli Wladimir
73. Conti Roberto Red card 2002 : in the act
74. Galletti Alessio Red card 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
75. Gontchenkov Alexandre
76. Perona Davide
77. Serpellini Marco Yellow card 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
78. Svorada Jan
79. Tonkov Pavel Yellow card 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)

GAN

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

81. Boardman Chris
82. Capelle Christophe
83. Gouvenou Thierry
84. Lance Pascal
85. Ledanois Yvon Red card 1999 : judicial investigation
86. Lemarchand François
87. Moreau Francis Red card 1996 : positive control
88. Rous Didier Red card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998
89. Seigneur Eddy

POLTI

18 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,56 per year

91. Totschnig Georg Yellow card 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
92. Baldinger Dirk
93. Boyer Eric Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
94. Brasi Rossano Red card 2000 : blood test
95. Fidanza Giovanni
96. Lombardi Giovanni Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
97. Ouchakov Sergueï Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control
98. Pellicioli Oscar
99. Scirea Mario Red card 2004 : in the act

KELME-AVIANCA

36 years of existence, 27 cases, ie 0,75 per year

101. Cubino Laudelino Yellow card 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
102. Aguirre Julio-cesar
103. Buenahora Hernan Red card 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
104. Cabello Francisco Red card 1994 : positive control (5 times)
105. Camargo Angel
106. Castano Hector
107. Edo Angel Red card 1998 : blood test
108. Munoz Federico Red card 2004 : positive control
109. Vidal Jose-angel

MOTOROLA

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

111. Armstrong Lance Red card 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry
112. Andreu Frankie Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
113. Bauer Steve
114. Casartelli Fabio
115. Mejia Alvaro Red card 1987 : positive control
116. Ozers Kaspar
117. Peron Andrea Yellow card 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
118. Swart Stephen Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2004 (no penalty)
119. Yates Sean Yellow card 1989 : positive control (no penalty)

TVM-POLIS DIRECT

121. Hamburger Bo Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
122. Blijlevens Jeroen Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
123. Den Bakker Maarten
124. Hoffman Tristan Yellow card 1998 : positive control (no penalty)
125. Nijdam Jelle
126. Redant Hendrik
127. Skibby Jesper Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
128. Van De Laer Jim
129. Voskamp Bertus Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)

LOTTO-ISOGLAS

41 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,34 per year

131. Tchmil Andrei
132. De Clercq Mario Red card 2004 : judicial investigation
133. De Clercq Peter
134. Farazijn Peter Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
135. Frison Herman
136. Moreels Sammie
137. Nelissen Wilfried Red card 1993 : positive control
138. Sergeant Marc Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control
139. Verdonck Rudy

CASTORAMA

24 years of existence, 22 cases, ie 0,92 per year

141. De Las Cuevas Armand Red card 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
142. Durand Jacky Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
143. Laurent Thierry Red card 1995 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1997 : confessions in 2003 (sanction not known) ; 1997 : blood test
144. Madouas Laurent Red card 1994 : positive control
145. Magnien Emmanuel Red card 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
146. Marie Thierry
147. Simon François
148. Talmant Gilles
149. Thibout Bruno

MG-TECHNOGYM

151. Bugno Gianni Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
152. Baldato Fabio
153. Cassani Davide
154. Elli Alberto Red card 2001 : in the act
155. Jaermann Rolf Yellow card 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
156. Loda Nicola Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
157. Sciandri Maximilian Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
158. Vanzella Flavio Red card 1986 : positive control
159. Vona Franco

NOVELL

161. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine Red card 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
162. Bouwmans Eddy Yellow card 1994 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
163. Dekker Erik Red card 1999 : positive control
164. Ekimov Viatcheslav
165. Maassen Frans
166. Moncassin Frédéric Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
167. Piziks Arvis
168. Van Bon Leon
169. Wauters Marc

MERCATONE UNO-SAECO

171. Cipollini Mario Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
172. Donati Massimo
173. Fagnini Gianmatteo
174. Fina Rosario
175. Lelli Massimiliano
176. Martinello Silvio
177. Petito Roberto Yellow card 1997 : positive control (no penalty)
178. Poli Eros Red card 1986 : positive control
179. Politano Antonio

CHAZAL-MBK-KONIG

181. Arroyo Miguel
182. Bernard Jean-françois
183. Bourgeot Jean-pierre
184. Bouvard Gilles Yellow card 1997 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : blood control (sanction not known)
185. Cornillet Bruno
186. Delion Gilles
187. Kasputis Arturas
188. Kirsipuu Jan Yellow card 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
189. Mengin Christophe

BRESCIALAT

191. Podenzana Massimo Red card 1986 : positive control
192. Dotti Fausto
193. Lanfranchi Paolo
194. Lecchi Angelo
195. Manzoni Mario Red card 1998 : blood test
196. Milesi Marco
197. Perini Giancarlo Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
198. Radaelli Mauro
199. Vanderaerden Eric

TELEKOM-ZG-SELLE ITALIA

23 years of existence, 48 cases, ie 2,09 per year

201. Aldag Rolf Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
202. Bolts Udo Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
203. Heppner Jens Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
204. Ludwig Olaf Red card 2006 : police investigation
205. Poulnikov Vladimir Red card 1997 : positive control
206. Zabel Erik Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
207. Colage Stefano Red card 2021 : positive control
208. Ferrigato Andrea
209. Rodriguez Nelson

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also