Tour of Spain : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 27/10/2019

Warning

These statistics count riders who have been pinned at some point in their career. They therefore evolve according to positive controls, confessions, inquieries, etc. All of these numbers are likely to rise over time. In particular, the figures for the last ten years races should be regarded as highly provisional.



Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Race Participants Top 10 Podium Winner
Riders Pinned % Pinned % Pinned % Pinned %
1968891719,1%440%133,3%1100%
19691002323,0%440%266,7%00%
19701002626,0%660%266,7%1100%
19711093733,9%660%3100,0%1100%
19721002424,0%660%133,3%00%
1973802835,0%660%3100,0%1100%
1974883438,6%880%266,7%00%
1975892528,1%660%266,7%00%
19761002929,0%550%266,7%00%
1977702434,3%660%266,7%1100%
19781002828,0%550%266,7%1100%
1979903235,6%550%266,7%1100%
19801103229,1%660%133,3%00%
1981801923,8%880%3100,0%1100%
19821003333,0%440%266,7%1100%
19831002727,0%660%3100,0%1100%
19841302519,2%880%3100,0%1100%
19851704425,9%660%3100,0%1100%
19861704325,3%660%266,7%00%
19871804424,4%440%266,7%00%
19881804022,2%550%266,7%1100%
19891893418,0%220%133,3%1100%
19901983718,7%440%133,3%00%
19911984522,7%550%266,7%00%
19921874021,4%550%266,7%1100%
19931693621,3%550%3100,0%1100%
19941694627,2%440%266,7%1100%
19951806133,9%660%3100,0%1100%
19961806636,7%770%3100,0%1100%
19971987638,4%880%266,7%1100%
19981978643,7%990%266,7%1100%
19991897841,3%880%3100,0%1100%
20001807742,8%550%3100,0%1100%
20011767944,9%550%3100,0%1100%
20022078943,0%880%266,7%1100%
20031988040,4%770%3100,0%1100%
20041898243,4%440%266,7%1100%
20051987135,9%550%133,3%1100%
20061896132,3%660%3100,0%1100%
20071894624,3%440%266,7%1100%
20081713822,2%550%266,7%1100%
20091983718,7%550%266,7%1100%
20101984020,2%440%133,3%00%
20111983718,7%330%266,7%1100%
20121982713,6%330%266,7%1100%
20131983115,7%220%133,3%00%
20141982613,1%550%3100,0%1100%
20151982512,6%110%00,0%00%
2016198157,6%330%133,3%00%
2017198168,1%330%266,7%1100%
2018176137,4%220%133,3%1100%
201917674,0%110%133,3%00%
Totals8220213626410637
Average158,141,126,0%50,8%67,9%71,2%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

The real numbers of doping

Other statistics :



General classification winners

In this list since 1968, riders who have been involved in a doping case appear in a pink cell.

Tour Vainqueur Deuxième Troisième
1968Gimondi FelicePerez Frances JoséVelez Eusebio
1969Pingeon RenéOcana LuisWagtmans Rini
1970Ocana LuisTamames AgustinVan Springel Herman
1971Bracke FerdinandDavid WilfriedOcana Luis
1972Fuente José-manuelLasa Miguel-mariaTamames Agustin
1973Merckx EddyOcana LuisThévenet Bernard
1974Fuente José-manuelAgostinho JoachimLasa Miguel-maria
1975Tamames AgustinPerurena DomingoLasa Miguel-maria
1976Pesarrodona JoséOcana LuisNazabal José
1977Maertens FreddyLasa Miguel-mariaThaler Klaus-peter
1978Hinault BernardPesarrodona JoséBernaudeau Jean-rené
1979Zoetemelk JoopGaldos FranciscoPollentier Michel
1980Ruperez FaustinoTorres PedroCriquielion Claude
1981Battaglin GiovanniMunoz PedroBelda Vicente
1982Lejarreta MarinoPollentier MichelNilsson Sven-ake
1983Hinault BernardLejarreta MarinoFernandez Blanco Alberto
1984Caritoux EricFernandez Blanco AlbertoDietzen Raimund
1985Delgado PedroMillar RobertRodriguez Francisco
1986Pino Counago AlvaroMillar RobertKelly Sean
1987Herrera LuisDietzen RaimundFignon Laurent
1988Kelly SeanDietzen RaimundFuerte Abelenda Anselmo
1989Delgado PedroParra FabioVargas Restrepo Oscar
1990Giovannetti MarcoDelgado PedroFuerte Abelenda Anselmo
1991Mauri MelchiorIndurain MiguelLejarreta Marino
1992Rominger TonyMontoya Alarcon JesusDelgado Pedro
1993Rominger TonyZülle AlexCubino Laudelino
1994Rominger TonyZarrabeitia MikelDelgado Pedro
1995Jalabert LaurentOlano AbrahamBruyneel Johan
1996Zülle AlexDufaux LaurentRominger Tony
1997Zülle AlexEscartin FernandoDufaux Laurent
1998Olano AbrahamEscartin FernandoJimenez José-maria
1999Ullrich JanGonzales De Galdeano IgorHeras Roberto
2000Heras RobertoCasero AngelTonkov Pavel
2001Casero AngelSevilla OscarLeipheimer Levi
2002Gonzalez AitorHeras RobertoBeloki Joseba
2003Heras RobertoNozal IsidroValverde Alejandro
2004Heras RobertoPerez SantiagoMancebo Francisco
2005Menchov DenisSastre CarlosMancebo Francisco
2006Vinokourov AlexandreValverde AlejandroKashechkin Andrey
2007Menchov DenisSastre CarlosSanchez Gonzalez Samuel
2008Contador AlbertoLeipheimer LeviSastre Carlos
2009Valverde AlejandroSanchez Gonzalez SamuelEvans Cadel
2010Nibali VincenzoMiquez Mosquera Ezequiel MiguelVelits Peter
2011Cobo Acebo Juan JoseFroome Christopher CliveWiggins Bradley
2012Contador AlbertoValverde AlejandroRodriguez Oliver Joaquin
2013Horner ChristopherNibali VincenzoValverde Alejandro
2014Contador AlbertoFroome Christopher CliveValverde Alejandro
2015Aru FabioRodriguez Oliver JoaquinMajka Rafal
2016Quintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderFroome Christopher CliveChaves Rubio Johan Esteban
2017Froome Christopher CliveNibali VincenzoZakarin Ilnur
2018Yates SimonMas Nicolau EnricLopez Moreno Miguel Angel
2019Roglic PrimozValverde AlejandroPogacar Tadej



The alternative prize list

The other track record is the one you will not see anywhere else. We have removed from the official list all the riders who have been, at one time or another of their career or even after, involved in a doping case and appear as such in our directory. This alternative ranking starts in 1968, the date of the first anti-doping tests.

Tour Vainqueur Deuxième Troisième
1968Perez Frances JoséVelez EusebioErrandonea José-maria
1969Pingeon RenéLasa José-manuelWright Michael
1970Tamames AgustinGaldos FranciscoSantamarina Luis-pedro
1971Galera ManuelTamames AgustinMartos Antonio
1972Fuente José-manuelTamames AgustinAja Gonzalo
1973Pesarrodona JoséTorres PedroTamames Agustin
1974Fuente José-manuelUribezubia José-luisVallori Antonio
1975Tamames AgustinKuiper HenniePerletto Giuseppe
1976Pesarrodona JoséLopez-carril VicenteKuiper Hennie
1977Thaler Klaus-peterClively GaryPesarrodona José
1978Pesarrodona JoséSchipper JosMartinez Heredia Enrique
1979Galdos FranciscoRuperez FaustinoTorres Pedro
1980Ruperez FaustinoTorres PedroDe Muynck Johan
1981Marcussen JorgenRuperez FaustinoChozas Eduardo
1982Nilsson Sven-akeRuperez FaustinoMutter Stefan
1983Pino Counago AlvaroKuiper HennieChozas Eduardo
1984Corredor Alvarez EdgarJimenez Bautista José-patrocinioRodriguez Magro Jesus
1985Ruiz Cabestany PelloParra FabioPino Counago Alvaro
1986Pino Counago AlvaroRuiz Cabestany PelloParra Fabio
1987Herrera LuisVargas Restrepo OscarFuerte Abelenda Anselmo
1988Fuerte Abelenda AnselmoParra FabioBlanco Villar Jesus
1989Parra FabioVargas Restrepo OscarPino Counago Alvaro
1990Giovannetti MarcoFuerte Abelenda AnselmoRuiz Cabestany Pello
1991Mauri MelchiorParra FabioRuiz Cabestany Pello
1992Montoya Alarcon JesusGiovannetti MarcoParra Fabio
1993Rincon Quintana OliveiroMontoya Alarcon JesusBreukink Erik
1994Zarrabeitia MikelRincon Quintana OliveiroAparicio Vicente
1995Mauri MelchiorPistore RobertoGarcia Marquina David
1996Pistore RobertoFaustini StefanoEscartin Fernando
1997Escartin FernandoZaina EnricoBordenave Philippe
1998Escartin FernandoUria Gonzales José-manuelPlaza David
1999Rubiera Vigil José-luisBlanco Gil SantiagoZarrabeitia Mikel
2000Laiseka Jaoi RobertoEscartin FernandoSastre Carlos
2001Mercado Juan MiguelPlaza DavidRubiera Vigil José-luis
2002Beloki JosebaGarcia Casas Felix ManuelZubeldia Haimar
2003Mancebo FranciscoCardenas FelixPerez Rodriguez Luis
2004Mancebo FranciscoGarcia Quesada CarlosSastre Carlos
2005Sastre CarlosMancebo FranciscoGarcia Quesada Carlos
2006Sastre CarlosGomez Marchante José AngelKarpets Vladimir
2007Sastre CarlosEvans CadelEfimkin Vladimir
2008Sastre CarlosRodriguez Oliver JoaquinGesink Robert
2009Evans CadelGesink RobertRodriguez Oliver Joaquin
2010Nibali VincenzoVelits PeterRodriguez Oliver Joaquin
2011Wiggins BradleyMollema BaukeMonfort Maxime
2012Rodriguez Oliver JoaquinMoreno Fernandez DanielGesink Robert
2013Horner ChristopherNibali VincenzoRodriguez Oliver Joaquin
2014Rodriguez Oliver JoaquinAru FabioMartin Daniel
2015Aru FabioRodriguez Oliver JoaquinMajka Rafal
2016Quintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderChaves Rubio Johan EstebanTalansky Andrew
2017Nibali VincenzoKelderman WilcoPoels Wouter
2018Mas Nicolau EnricLopez Moreno Miguel AngelKruijswijk Steven
2019Roglic PrimozPogacar TadejQuintana Rojas Nairo Alexander

The alternative winners lists the winners since 1968, ranked by number of victories:

Victories Riders
4Sastre Carlos
3Pesarrodona José
2Escartin Fernando
Fuente José-manuel
Mancebo Francisco
Mauri Melchior
Nibali Vincenzo
Pino Counago Alvaro
Rodriguez Oliver Joaquin
Tamames Agustin
1Aru Fabio
Beloki Joseba
Corredor Alvarez Edgar
Evans Cadel
Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
Galdos Francisco
Galera Manuel
Giovannetti Marco
Herrera Luis
Horner Christopher
Laiseka Jaoi Roberto
Marcussen Jorgen
Mas Nicolau Enric
Mercado Juan Miguel
Montoya Alarcon Jesus
Nilsson Sven-ake
Parra Fabio
Perez Frances José
Pingeon René
Pistore Roberto
Quintana Rojas Nairo Alexander
Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
Roglic Primoz
Rubiera Vigil José-luis
Ruiz Cabestany Pello
Ruperez Faustino
Thaler Klaus-peter
Wiggins Bradley
Zarrabeitia Mikel



See also