Tour de France : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 27/10/2019

Warning

These statistics count riders who have been pinned at some point in their career. They therefore evolve according to positive controls, confessions, inquieries, etc. All of these numbers are likely to rise over time. In particular, the figures for the last ten years races should be regarded as highly provisional.



Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Race Participants Top 10 Podium Winner
Riders Pinned % Pinned % Pinned % Pinned %
19681103834,5%660%3100,0%1100%
19691306449,2%990%3100,0%1100%
19701505838,7%550%266,7%1100%
19711305643,1%990%3100,0%1100%
19721326650,0%990%3100,0%1100%
19731326247,0%770%266,7%1100%
19741305844,6%770%266,7%1100%
19751406143,6%660%3100,0%1100%
19761305542,3%660%3100,0%1100%
19771005353,0%770%266,7%1100%
19781106054,5%880%3100,0%1100%
19791506140,7%990%3100,0%1100%
19801305844,6%550%266,7%1100%
19811506644,0%880%3100,0%1100%
19821707041,2%880%3100,0%1100%
19831406143,6%990%3100,0%1100%
19841707342,9%990%266,7%1100%
19851806033,3%440%133,3%1100%
19862106531,0%330%133,3%00%
19872076631,9%440%133,3%00%
19881986633,3%440%266,7%1100%
19891986231,3%880%266,7%00%
19901987537,9%660%133,3%00%
19911986130,8%770%3100,0%1100%
19921987537,9%770%3100,0%1100%
19931988743,9%990%3100,0%1100%
19941898947,1%10100%3100,0%1100%
19951899449,7%880%3100,0%1100%
19961989447,5%880%3100,0%1100%
19971979849,7%990%3100,0%1100%
199818910052,9%880%3100,0%1100%
19991808748,3%770%266,7%1100%
20001809351,7%660%266,7%1100%
20011897841,3%770%266,7%1100%
20021898545,0%660%266,7%1100%
20031988442,4%770%3100,0%1100%
20041898243,4%550%266,7%1100%
20051897137,6%770%3100,0%1100%
20061766436,4%330%133,3%1100%
20071896132,3%440%266,7%1100%
20081804625,6%770%133,3%00%
20091803821,1%550%266,7%1100%
20101984824,2%550%266,7%1100%
20111984321,7%660%133,3%00%
20121984321,7%220%133,3%00%
20131982713,6%440%133,3%1100%
20141982311,6%110%00,0%00%
20151982211,1%330%266,7%1100%
20161982110,6%330%133,3%1100%
20171982110,6%330%133,3%1100%
2018176137,4%220%133,3%00%
2019176137,4%110%00,0%00%
Totals9026317531610942
Average173,661,135,2%60,8%69,9%80,8%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

The real numbers of doping

Other statistics :



General classification winners

In this list since 1968, riders who have been involved in a doping case appear in a pink cell.

Tour Vainqueur Deuxième Troisième
1968Janssen JanVan Springel HermanBracke Ferdinand
1969Merckx EddyPingeon RogerPoulidor Raymond
1970Merckx EddyZoetemelk JoopPettersson Gosta
1971Merckx EddyZoetemelk JoopVan Impe Lucien
1972Merckx EddyGimondi FelicePoulidor Raymond
1973Ocana LuisThévenet BernardFuente José-manuel
1974Merckx EddyPoulidor RaymondLopez-carril Vicente
1975Thévenet BernardMerckx EddyVan Impe Lucien
1976Van Impe LucienZoetemelk JoopPoulidor Raymond
1977Thévenet BernardKuiper HennieVan Impe Lucien
1978Hinault BernardZoetemelk JoopAgostinho Joachim
1979Hinault BernardZoetemelk JoopAgostinho Joachim
1980Zoetemelk JoopKuiper HennieMartin Raymond
1981Hinault BernardVan Impe LucienAlban Robert
1982Hinault BernardZoetemelk JoopVan Der Velde Johann
1983Fignon LaurentArroyo AngelWinnen Peter
1984Fignon LaurentHinault BernardLemond Greg
1985Hinault BernardLemond GregRoche Stephen
1986Lemond GregHinault BernardZimmermann Urs
1987Roche StephenDelgado PedroBernard Jean-françois
1988Delgado PedroRooks StevenParra Fabio
1989Lemond GregFignon LaurentDelgado Pedro
1990Lemond GregChiappucci ClaudioBreukink Erik
1991Indurain MiguelBugno GianniChiappucci Claudio
1992Indurain MiguelChiappucci ClaudioBugno Gianni
1993Indurain MiguelRominger TonyJaskula Zenon
1994Indurain MiguelUgrumov PiotrPantani Marco
1995Indurain MiguelZülle AlexRiis Bjarne
1996Riis BjarneUllrich JanVirenque Richard
1997Ullrich JanVirenque RichardPantani Marco
1998Pantani MarcoUllrich JanJulich Bobby
1999Armstrong LanceZülle AlexEscartin Fernando
2000Armstrong LanceUllrich JanBeloki Joseba
2001Armstrong LanceUllrich JanBeloki Joseba
2002Armstrong LanceBeloki JosebaRumsas Raimondas
2003Armstrong LanceUllrich JanVinokourov Alexandre
2004Armstrong LanceKloden AndreasBasso Ivan
2005Armstrong LanceBasso IvanUllrich Jan
2006Landis FloydPereiro OscarKloden Andreas
2007Contador AlbertoEvans CadelLeipheimer Levi
2008Sastre CarlosEvans CadelKohl Bernhard
2009Contador AlbertoSchleck AndyArmstrong Lance
2010Contador AlbertoSchleck AndyMenchov Denis
2011Evans CadelSchleck AndySchleck Frank
2012Wiggins BradleyFroome Christopher CliveNibali Vincenzo
2013Froome Christopher CliveQuintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderRodriguez Oliver Joaquin
2014Nibali VincenzoPeraud Jean-christophePinot Thibaut
2015Froome Christopher CliveQuintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderValverde Alejandro
2016Froome Christopher CliveBardet RomainQuintana Rojas Nairo Alexander
2017Froome Christopher CliveUran RigobertoBardet Romain
2018Thomas GeraintDumoulin TomFroome Christopher Clive
2019Bernal Gomez Egan ArleyThomas GeraintKruijswijk Steven



The alternative prize list

The other track record is the one you will not see anywhere else. We have removed from the official list all the riders who have been, at one time or another of their career or even after, involved in a doping case and appear as such in our directory. This alternative ranking starts in 1968, the date of the first anti-doping tests.

Tour Vainqueur Deuxième Troisième
1968San Miguel GregorioBitossi FrancoGandarias Andres
1969Gandarias AndresPanizza WladimiroSchutz Edy
1970Pettersson GostaVandenbossche MartinHoubrechts Antoon
1971Lopez-carril VicenteGaldos FranciscoMori Primo
1972Janssens EdwardHoubrechts AntoonVandenbossche Martin
1973Fuente José-manuelPerin MichelLopez-carril Vicente
1974Lopez-carril VicentePanizza WladimiroAja Gonzalo
1975Lopez-carril VicenteFuchs JosefJanssens Edward
1976Riccomi WalterGaldos FranciscoBertoglio Fausto
1977Kuiper HennieGaldos FranciscoLaurent Michel
1978Galdos FranciscoLubberding HenkNilsson Sven-ake
1979Kuiper HennieNilsson Sven-akeLubberding Henk
1980Kuiper HennieDe Muynck JohanNilsson Sven-ake
1981De Muynck JohanNilsson Sven-akeDe Wolf Alfons
1982Willems DanielKuiper HennieNilsson Sven-ake
1983Lubberding HenkBoyer JonathanRoche Stephen
1984Lemond GregRuttimann NikiAcevedo Porras Rafael-antonik
1985Lemond GregRoche StephenHerrera Luis
1986Lemond GregZimmermann UrsHampsten Andrew
1987Roche StephenBernard Jean-françoisHerrera Luis
1988Parra FabioBauer SteveHerrera Luis
1989Lemond GregAlcala Gallegos RaulCornillet Bruno
1990Lemond GregBreukink ErikChozas Eduardo
1991Lemond GregHampsten AndrewRue Gérard
1992Hampsten AndrewBreukink ErikRoche Stephen
1993Hampsten AndrewMartin Velasco AntonioRoche Stephen
1994Escartin FernandoPellicioli OscarRodriguez Nelson
1995Mauri MelchiorEscartin FernandoLanfranchi Paolo
1996Luttenberger PeterEscartin FernandoJonker Patrick
1997Escartin FernandoZberg BeatLuttenberger Peter
1998Rinero ChristopheNardello DanieleBaranowski Dariusz
1999Escartin FernandoNardello DanieleBelli Wladimir
2000Beloki JosebaEscartin FernandoMancebo Francisco
2001Beloki JosebaKivilev AndreySimon François
2002Beloki JosebaAzevedo José BentoMancebo Francisco
2003Zubeldia HaimarSastre CarlosMancebo Francisco
2004Kloden AndreasAzevedo José BentoMancebo Francisco
2005Mancebo FranciscoEvans CadelPereiro Oscar
2006Pereiro OscarKloden AndreasSastre Carlos
2007Evans CadelSastre CarlosZubeldia Haimar
2008Sastre CarlosEvans CadelKirchen Kim
2009Schleck AndyWiggins BradleyKloden Andreas
2010Schleck AndyVan Den Broeck JurgenGesink Robert
2011Evans CadelSchleck AndyVoeckler Thomas
2012Wiggins BradleyNibali VincenzoVan Den Broeck Jurgen
2013Quintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderRodriguez Oliver JoaquinMollema Bauke
2014Nibali VincenzoPeraud Jean-christophePinot Thibaut
2015Quintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderNibali VincenzoGesink Robert
2016Bardet RomainQuintana Rojas Nairo AlexanderYates Adam
2017Uran RigobertoBardet RomainLanda Meana Mikel
2018Thomas GeraintDumoulin TomRoglic Primoz
2019Bernal Gomez Egan ArleyThomas GeraintKruijswijk Steven

The alternative winners lists the winners since 1968, ranked by number of victories:

Victories Riders
6Lemond Greg
3Beloki Joseba
Escartin Fernando
Kuiper Hennie
Lopez-carril Vicente
2Evans Cadel
Hampsten Andrew
Quintana Rojas Nairo Alexander
Schleck Andy
1Bardet Romain
Bernal Gomez Egan Arley
De Muynck Johan
Fuente José-manuel
Galdos Francisco
Gandarias Andres
Janssens Edward
Kloden Andreas
Lubberding Henk
Luttenberger Peter
Mancebo Francisco
Mauri Melchior
Nibali Vincenzo
Parra Fabio
Pereiro Oscar
Pettersson Gosta
Riccomi Walter
Rinero Christophe
Roche Stephen
San Miguel Gregorio
Sastre Carlos
Thomas Geraint
Uran Rigoberto
Wiggins Bradley
Willems Daniel
Zubeldia Haimar



See also




Tempêtes sur le Tour

Dix ans après l'affaire Festina, Pierre Ballester, co-auteur de L.A. Confidentiel, publie Tempêtes sur le Tour. Dans ce livre, il dresse un état des lieux du cyclisme d'aujourd'hui et de son épreuve phare. Une partie importante du livre est consacrée au dopage et dissèque le tableau présenté ci-dessus. Les chiffres présentés dans le livre sont légèrement inférieurs à ceux publiés ici : les recherches se poursuivants, de nouveaux coureurs sont depuis tombés dans les mailles du filet de l'annuaire du dopage.

A l'occasion de la sortie de ce livre, Pierre Ballester a accordé une interview à cyclisme-dopage.com. Cliquez ici pour la lire.

Notes de lecture Acheter ce livre sur amazon.fr