Tour de France 1970 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
FAEMA-FAEMINO 10 5 1 1 1 1
PEUGEOT-BP-MICHELIN 10 7 0 0 0 0
FAGOR-MERCIER-HUTCHINSON 10 7 1 1 0 0
SALVARANI 10 2 1 0 0 0
KAS-KASKOL 10 2 1 0 0 0
WILLEM II-GAZELLE 10 3 1 1 0 0
MOLTENI 10 1 1 0 0 0
FRIMATIC-DE GRIBALDY-WOLBER 10 2 0 0 0 0
BIC 10 5 0 0 0 0
SONOLOR-LEJEUNE 10 8 1 1 0 0
MANN-GRUNDIG 10 4 1 0 0 0
MARS-FLANDRIA 10 6 1 1 1 1
CABALLERO-LAURENS 10 3 0 0 0 0
FERRETTI 10 1 1 0 1 0
SCIC 10 2 0 0 0 0
Total 150 58 10 5 3 2
Pourcentage 38,67% 50% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Merckx Eddy in 119h31'49'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
  2. Zoetemelk Joop at 12'41'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  3. Pettersson Gosta at 15'54''
  4. Vandenbossche Martin at 18'53''
  5. Wagtmans Rini at 19'54'' - 1971 : positive control
  6. Van Impe Lucien at 20'34'' - 1981 : absence to control
  7. Poulidor Raymond at 20'35'' - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
  8. Houbrechts Antoon at 21'34''
  9. Galdos Francisco at 21'45''
  10. Pintens Georges at 23'23''
  11. Delisle Raymond at 23'59'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  12. Balmamion Franco at 25'10'' - 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
  13. Zilioli Italo at 26'17'' - 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control
  14. Agostinho Joachim at 26'52'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  15. Zubero Luis at 28'11''
  16. Vanneste Willy at 29'17'' - 1967 : positive control
  17. Aimar Lucien at 29'22'' - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  18. Panizza Wladimiro at 31'02''
  19. Schleck Johnny at 32'19''
  20. Gandarias Andres at 35'22''
  21. Dumont Jean at 47'28'' - 1971 : positive control
  22. Vifian Bernard at 50'05''
  23. Gabica Francisco at 50'18''
  24. Swerts Roger at 52'56'' - 1966 : positive control
  25. Gonzalez Puente Aurelio at 55'57''
  26. Janssen Jan at 56'29'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control & constat de carence ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
  27. Rabaute Henri at 58'47''
  28. Mori Primo at 59'39''
  29. Godefroot Walter at 1h02'36'' - 1967 : absence to control ; 1973 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
  30. Huysmans Jozef at 1h05'24''
  31. Ocana Luis at 1h06'59'' - 1977 : positive control
  32. Dolman Evert at 1h10'19'' - 1967 : fraud ; 1970 : fraud (sanction not known)
  33. Labourdette Bernard at 1h11'22'' - 1976 : fraud
  34. Lopez-carril Vicente at 1h12'21''
  35. Thévenet Bernard at 1h13'25'' - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  36. Pettersson Tomas at 1h13'28''
  37. Wolfshohl Rolf at 1h15'38'' - 1968 : positive control (sanction not known)
  38. Schutz Edy at 1h16'05''
  39. Tosello Guerrino at 1h16'43''
  40. Vasseur Alain at 1h17'24''
  41. Bouloux Robert at 1h18'21''
  42. Gautier Pierre at 1h18'34''
  43. Dewitte Ronald at 1h19'56'' - 1974 : positive control
  44. Van Der Vleuten Jos at 1h22'46'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control, fraud attempt
  45. Steevens Harry at 1h23'21''
  46. Spruyt Jozef at 1h26'30''
  47. Vianen Gérard at 1h27'04'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
  48. Van Vlierberghe Albert at 1h31'05''
  49. Santambrogio Giacinto at 1h33'53''
  50. Bruyère Joseph at 1h34'12'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
  51. Ricci Walter at 1h35'59'' - 1971 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  52. Raymond Christian at 1h36'27'' - 1969 : absence to control
  53. Mori Franco at 1h37'12''
  54. Poppe André at 1h38'27''
  55. Anni Mario at 1h38'49''
  56. Gonzales-linares José-antonio at 1h39'01'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
  57. De Schoenmaecker Joseph at 1h40'17''
  58. Parenteau Jean-pierre at 1h41'07''
  59. Frey Mogens at 1h41'10''
  60. Benfatto Attilio at 1h45'31''
  61. Izier Maurice at 1h47'26''
  62. Guimard Cyrille at 1h50'11'' - 1970 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1974 : positive control
  63. Basso Marino at 1h52'35'' - 2010 : positive control (?)
  64. Danguillaume Jean-pierre at 1h53'01'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  65. Reyniers Eddy at 1h55'12''
  66. Mascaro Gabriel at 1h55'18'' - 1967 : positive control
  67. Van Rijckeghem Daniel at 1h56'44''
  68. Van Schil Victor at 2h00'04'' - 1968 : fraud
  69. David Gérard at 2h02'55'' - 1972 : fraud
  70. Catieau José at 2h09'34'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
  71. Guerra Pietro at 2h10'07''
  72. Riotte Raymond at 2h10'54''
  73. Polidori Giancarlo at 2h11'57''
  74. Jimenez Nemesio at 2h12'26''
  75. Mintjens Frans at 2h13'15''
  76. Martelozzo Pierre at 2h19'59''
  77. Berland Roland at 2h20'28''
  78. Ottenbros Harm at 2h20'52''
  79. Perin Michel at 2h21'33''
  80. Van Katwijk Jan at 2h22'06''
  81. Beugels Eddy at 2h22'50'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
  82. Genet Jean-pierre at 2h26'22''
  83. Leblanc Jean-marie at 2h28'03''
  84. Chappe Georges at 2h30'30'' - 1969 : positive control
  85. Coulon Michel at 2h31'35''
  86. Zoontjens Cees at 2h32'26''
  87. Antheunis Etienne at 2h33'05''
  88. Nassen Pieter at 2h33'17''
  89. In't Ven Willy at 2h34'27'' - 1970 : positive control
  90. Perurena Domingo at 2h41'57'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  91. Lievens Marc at 2h44'52''
  92. Rentmeester Cees at 2h47'07''
  93. Tumellero Romano at 2h50'40''
  94. De Bie René at 2h58'50''
  95. Vasseur Sylvain at 3h02'01'' - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
  96. Dalla Bona Luciano at 3h19'56''
  97. Ghisellini Pierre at 3h21'49''
  98. De Boever Jaak at 3h22'04''
  99. Durante Adriano at 3h29'47'' - 1966 : positive control
  100. Hoogerheide Frits at 3h52'12''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Pettersson Gosta
  2. Vandenbossche Martin
  3. Houbrechts Antoon
  4. Galdos Francisco
  5. Pintens Georges
  6. Zubero Luis
  7. Panizza Wladimiro
  8. Schleck Johnny
  9. Gandarias Andres
  10. Vifian Bernard
  11. Gabica Francisco
  12. Gonzalez Puente Aurelio
  13. Rabaute Henri
  14. Mori Primo
  15. Huysmans Jozef
  16. Lopez-carril Vicente
  17. Pettersson Tomas
  18. Schutz Edy
  19. Tosello Guerrino
  20. Vasseur Alain
  21. Bouloux Robert
  22. Gautier Pierre
  23. Steevens Harry
  24. Spruyt Jozef
  25. Van Vlierberghe Albert
  26. Santambrogio Giacinto
  27. Mori Franco
  28. Poppe André
  29. Anni Mario
  30. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
  31. Parenteau Jean-pierre
  32. Frey Mogens
  33. Benfatto Attilio
  34. Izier Maurice
  35. Reyniers Eddy
  36. Van Rijckeghem Daniel
  37. Guerra Pietro
  38. Riotte Raymond
  39. Polidori Giancarlo
  40. Jimenez Nemesio
  41. Mintjens Frans
  42. Martelozzo Pierre
  43. Berland Roland
  44. Ottenbros Harm
  45. Perin Michel
  46. Van Katwijk Jan
  47. Genet Jean-pierre
  48. Leblanc Jean-marie
  49. Coulon Michel
  50. Zoontjens Cees
  51. Antheunis Etienne
  52. Nassen Pieter
  53. Lievens Marc
  54. Rentmeester Cees
  55. Tumellero Romano
  56. De Bie René
  57. Dalla Bona Luciano
  58. Ghisellini Pierre
  59. De Boever Jaak
  60. Hoogerheide Frits



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

FAEMA-FAEMINO

3 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 2,33 per year

1. Merckx Eddy - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
2. Antheunis Etienne
3. Bruyère Joseph - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
4. Huysmans Jozef
5. Mintjens Frans
6. Spruyt Jozef
7. Swerts Roger - 1966 : positive control
8. Vandenberghe Georges
9. Van Schil Victor - 1968 : fraud
10. Zilioli Italo - 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control

PEUGEOT-BP-MICHELIN

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

11. Bouloux Robert
12. Danguillaume Jean-pierre - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
13. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
14. Dumont Jean - 1971 : positive control
15. Letort Désiré - 1967 : positive control, confessions in 1997 ; 1967 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : positive control
16. Martelozzo Pierre
17. Parenteau Jean-pierre
18. Pingeon Roger - 1970 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1979 (sanction not known)
19. Raymond Christian - 1969 : absence to control
20. Thévenet Bernard - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)

FAGOR-MERCIER-HUTCHINSON

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

21. Chappe Georges - 1969 : positive control
22. Genet Jean-pierre
23. Guimard Cyrille - 1970 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1974 : positive control
24. Labourdette Bernard - 1976 : fraud
25. Peelman Eddy - 1974 : positive control
26. Perin Michel
27. Perurena Domingo - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
28. Poulidor Raymond - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
29. Rabaute Henri
30. Wolfshohl Rolf - 1968 : positive control (sanction not known)

SALVARANI

10 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,6 per year

31. Balmamion Franco - 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
32. Chemello Cipriano
33. Dalla Bona Luciano
34. Godefroot Walter - 1967 : absence to control ; 1973 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
35. Guerra Pietro
36. Houbrechts Antoon
37. Marcelli Vittorio
38. Mori Primo
39. Panizza Wladimiro
40. Schiavon Silvano

KAS-KASKOL

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

41. Gabica Francisco
42. Galdos Francisco
43. Gandarias Andres
44. Gonzalez Puente Aurelio
45. Gonzales-linares José-antonio - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
46. Jimenez Nemesio
47. Lopez-carril Vicente
48. Mascaro Gabriel - 1967 : positive control
49. Uribezubia José-luis
50. Zubero Luis

WILLEM II-GAZELLE

6 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 1,17 per year

51. Dolman Evert - 1967 : fraud ; 1970 : fraud (sanction not known)
52. Hoogerheide Frits
53. Nuelant Victor
54. Ottenbros Harm
55. Pijnen René
56. Sels Edward
57. Serpenti Jan
58. Van Der Vleuten Jos - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control, fraud attempt
59. Van Katwijk Jan
60. Wagtmans Rini - 1971 : positive control

MOLTENI

19 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,89 per year

61. Anni Mario
62. Basso Marino - 2010 : positive control (?)
63. Boifava Davide
64. Chiappano Carlo
65. Mori Franco
66. Pecchielan Arturo
67. Santambrogio Giacinto
68. Schutz Edy
69. Tosello Guerrino
70. Vandenbossche Martin

FRIMATIC-DE GRIBALDY-WOLBER

3 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1,33 per year

71. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
72. Delépine Régis - 1975 : positive control
73. Frey Mogens
74. Gautier Pierre
75. Ghisellini Pierre
76. Grain Michel
77. Grelin René
78. Izier Maurice
79. Vidament Jean
80. Vifian Bernard

BIC

8 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 3,5 per year

81. Berland Roland
82. Genty Jean-claude - 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
83. Grosskost Charly - 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
84. Janssen Jan - 1967 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control & constat de carence ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
85. Leblanc Jean-marie
86. Novak Anatole
87. Ocana Luis - 1977 : positive control
88. Schleck Johnny
89. Vasseur Alain
90. Vasseur Sylvain - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)

SONOLOR-LEJEUNE

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

91. Abrahamian Stéphane
92. Aimar Lucien - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
93. Bellone Gilbert - 1966 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1969 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1973 : positive control (no penalty)
94. Catieau José - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
95. Guyot Bernard - 1968 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control
96. Hoban Barry - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
97. Ricci Walter - 1971 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : absence to control (sanction not known)
98. Riotte Raymond
99. Theillière Jean-claude - 1968 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1975 : absence to control
100. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control

MANN-GRUNDIG

11 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,73 per year

101. De Bie René
102. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
103. Dewitte Ronald - 1974 : positive control
104. In't Ven Willy - 1970 : positive control
105. Pintens Georges
106. Poppe André
107. Reyniers Eddy
108. Vanneste Willy - 1967 : positive control
109. Van Rijckeghem Daniel
110. Van Springel Herman - 1966 : positive control

MARS-FLANDRIA

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

111. Beugels Eddy - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
112. Coulon Michel
113. David Gérard - 1972 : fraud
114. De Boever Jaak
115. De Vlaeminck Eric - 1973 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 197x : police investigation (sanction not known)
116. De Vlaeminck Roger - 197x : fraud (sanction not known)
117. Leman Eric - 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
118. Lievens Marc
119. Nassen Pieter
120. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)

CABALLERO-LAURENS

13 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,38 per year

121. Benjamins Henk
122. Den Hartog Arie
123. Duyndam Léo - 1972 : in the act
124. Harings Hubertus
125. Rentmeester Cees
126. Schepers Wim - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
127. Steevens Harry
128. Vianen Gérard - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
129. Wouters Adri
130. Zoontjens Cees

FERRETTI

4 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,75 per year

131. Beghetto Giuseppe
132. Bocci Eraldo - 1967 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
133. Cortinovis Franco
134. Pettersson Gosta
135. Pettersson Tomas
136. Rota Renato
137. Tamiazzo Pietro
138. Tumellero Romano
139. Van Vlierberghe Albert
140. Vignolini Loris

SCIC

11 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,09 per year

141. Armani Luciano - 1968 : positive control
142. Benfatto Attilio
143. Conti Constantino
144. Durante Adriano - 1966 : positive control
145. Jotti Ernesto
146. Michelotto Claudio
147. Paolini Enrico
148. Polidori Giancarlo
149. Portalupi Ambrogio
150. Zini Paolo



See also