Tour de France 1975 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
MOLTENI 10 2 2 1 1 1
GAN-MERCIER 10 6 1 1 0 0
KAS 10 2 1 0 0 0
JOLLYCERAMICA 10 4 0 0 0 0
SUPER SER 10 5 1 0 0 0
PEUGEOT 10 10 1 1 1 1
BIANCHI 10 2 1 1 0 0
GITANE 10 8 1 1 1 1
FILOTEX 10 1 2 1 0 0
FLANDRIA-CARPENTER 10 7 0 0 0 0
SPORTING-LEJEUNE 10 4 0 0 0 0
MIKO-DE GRIBALDY 10 4 0 0 0 0
FRISOL-GBC 10 3 0 0 0 0
JOBO-SABLIERE-WOLBER 10 3 0 0 0 0
Total 140 61 10 6 3 3
Pourcentage 43,57% 60% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Thévenet Bernard in 114h35'31'' - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  2. Merckx Eddy at 02'47'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
  3. Van Impe Lucien at 05'01'' - 1981 : absence to control
  4. Zoetemelk Joop at 06'42'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  5. Lopez-carril Vicente at 19'29''
  6. Gimondi Felice at 23'05'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
  7. Moser Francesco at 24'13'' - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  8. Fuchs Josef at 25'51''
  9. Janssens Edward at 32'01''
  10. Torres Pedro at 35'36''
  11. Kuiper Hennie at 40'45''
  12. Romero André at 44'24'' - 1975 : positive control
  13. Talbourdet Georges at 44'49''
  14. Martinez Mariano at 45'41'' - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
  15. Agostinho Joachim at 50'46'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  16. Delisle Raymond at 55'21'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  17. De Schoenmaecker Joseph at 55'24''
  18. Den Hertog Fedor at 56'45''
  19. Poulidor Raymond at 58'57'' - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
  20. Julien Ferdinand at 1h05'27''
  21. Hézard Yves at 1h05'54'' - 1971 : positive control
  22. Poggiali Roberto at 1h06'02''
  23. Pollentier Michel at 1h15'23'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
  24. Houbrechts Antoon at 1h19'54''
  25. Viejo José-luis at 1h22'29'' - 1975 : positive control
  26. Balague Luis at 1h23'27''
  27. Rodriguez Gutierrez Martin Emilio at 1h23'56''
  28. Ovion Régis at 1h29'23'' - 1976 : positive control
  29. Melero Carlosh - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  30. Martin Raymond at 1h34'06'' - 1982 : positive control
  31. Van Springel Herman at 1h37'52'' - 1966 : positive control
  32. Van Vlierberghe Albert at 1h40'54''
  33. Fabbri Fabrizio at 1h41'22''
  34. Pesarrodona José at 1h42'06''
  35. Fraccaro Simone at 1h42'09''
  36. Casas José at 1h43'22''
  37. Dewitte Ronald at 1h46'11'' - 1974 : positive control
  38. Millard Joël at 1h47'01''
  39. Marchetti Renato at 1h55'32''
  40. Bourreau Bernard at 1h57'19'' - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
  41. Mathis Hubert at 1h58'52'' - 1982 : positive control
  42. Demeyer Marc at 2h00'39''
  43. Fontanelli Sigfrido at 2h03'13''
  44. Vasseur Sylvain at 2h04'26'' - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
  45. Teirlinck Willy at 2h05'37'' - 1977 : positive control
  46. Santambrogio Giacinto at 2h05'45''
  47. Ritter Ole at 2h05'58''
  48. Cavalcanti Giovanni at 2h06'59'' - 1967 : positive control
  49. Campaner Francis at 2h08'42'' - 1971 : positive control
  50. Karstens Gerben at 2h09'47'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
  51. Godefroot Walter at 2h15'25'' - 1967 : absence to control ; 1973 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
  52. Rouxel Charles at 2h15'26'' - 1975 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  53. Mintkiewicz Robert at 2h15'56'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  54. Simonetti Mauro at 2h16'15''
  55. Leleu Guy at 2h18'15''
  56. Mintjens Frans at 2h19'01''
  57. Delcroix Ludo at 2h19'02''
  58. Grande José at 2h20'25''
  59. Huysmans Jozef at 2h20'26''
  60. Rottiers Karel at 21'37'' - 1977 : positive control
  61. Ferreira Fernando at 2h26'52''
  62. Lievens Marc at 2h27'05''
  63. Knetemann Gerrie at 2h28'48'' - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
  64. Pianaro Richard at 2h29'01''
  65. Misac Jean-claude at 2h29'54''
  66. Vianen Gérard at 2h32'56'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
  67. De Cauwer José at 2h35'17'' - 2000 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  68. Hoban Barry at 2h41'17'' - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
  69. Doyen André at 2h43'35''
  70. Dillen René at 2h44'49''
  71. Legeay Rogerh - 1974 : positive control
  72. Le Guilloux Maurice at 2h46'48'' - 1973 : positive control
  73. Hauvieux Joël at 2h47'26''
  74. Magni Claude at 2h47'50''
  75. Van Vlierberghe Frans at 2h49'35''
  76. Parsani Sergio at 2h51'26''
  77. Delépine Régis at 2h54'05'' - 1975 : positive control
  78. Béon Patrick at 2h54'33'' - 1975 : confessions in 2008 (no penalty) ; 1976 : confessions in 2002 (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation
  79. Van Linden Rik at 2h55'56''
  80. Moneyron Gérard at 2h58'43'' - 197x : confessions in 1977 (sanction not known)
  81. Castelletti Luigi at 3h00'09''
  82. Prinsen Henk at 3h04'47''
  83. Amaro José at 3h10'13''
  84. Kamper Gérard at 3h16'59''
  85. Allan Donald at 3h24'36''
  86. Boulas Jacques at 3h31'21''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lopez-carril Vicente
  2. Fuchs Josef
  3. Janssens Edward
  4. Torres Pedro
  5. Kuiper Hennie
  6. Talbourdet Georges
  7. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
  8. Den Hertog Fedor
  9. Julien Ferdinand
  10. Poggiali Roberto
  11. Houbrechts Antoon
  12. Balague Luis
  13. Rodriguez Gutierrez Martin Emilio
  14. Van Vlierberghe Albert
  15. Fabbri Fabrizio
  16. Pesarrodona José
  17. Fraccaro Simone
  18. Casas José
  19. Millard Joël
  20. Marchetti Renato
  21. Demeyer Marc
  22. Fontanelli Sigfrido
  23. Santambrogio Giacinto
  24. Ritter Ole
  25. Simonetti Mauro
  26. Leleu Guy
  27. Mintjens Frans
  28. Delcroix Ludo
  29. Grande José
  30. Huysmans Jozef
  31. Ferreira Fernando
  32. Lievens Marc
  33. Pianaro Richard
  34. Misac Jean-claude
  35. Doyen André
  36. Dillen René
  37. Hauvieux Joël
  38. Magni Claude
  39. Van Vlierberghe Frans
  40. Parsani Sergio
  41. Van Linden Rik
  42. Castelletti Luigi
  43. Prinsen Henk
  44. Amaro José
  45. Kamper Gérard
  46. Allan Donald
  47. Boulas Jacques



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

MOLTENI

19 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,89 per year

1. Merckx Eddy - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
2. Beyssens Herman
3. Delcroix Ludo
4. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
5. Huysmans Jozef
6. Janssens Edward
7. Lievens Marc
8. Mintjens Frans
9. Rottiers Karel - 1977 : positive control
10. Spruyt Jozef

GAN-MERCIER

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

11. Poulidor Raymond - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
12. Genet Jean-pierre
13. Hézard Yves - 1971 : positive control
14. Hoban Barry - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
15. Knetemann Gerrie - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
16. Misac Jean-claude
17. Perin Michel
18. Talbourdet Georges
19. Vianen Gérard - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
20. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)

KAS

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

21. Galdos Francisco
22. Aja Gonzalo
23. Fuente José-manuel
24. Grande José
25. Lopez-carril Vicente
26. Martos Antonio
27. Melero Carlos - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
28. Menendez Antonio - 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
29. Pesarrodona José
30. Zurano Juan

JOLLYCERAMICA

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

31. Vicino Bruno
32. Antonini Alessio
33. Battaglin Giovanni - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
34. Bergamo Emanuelle
35. Dalla Bona Giovanni
36. Gavazzi Pierino - 2004 : judicial investigation
37. Giuliani Donato - 2009 : judicial investigation
38. Knudsen Knud - 1975 : positive control
39. Bazzan Giacomo
40. Quintarelli Sandro

SUPER SER

2 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 1 per year

41. Ocana Luis - 1977 : positive control
42. Andiano Julian
43. Balague Luis
44. Casas José
45. Lazcano Santiago
46. Peelman Eddy - 1974 : positive control
47. Rosiers Roger - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
48. Torres Pedro
49. Vasseur Sylvain - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
50. Viejo José-luis - 1975 : positive control

PEUGEOT

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

51. Thévenet Bernard - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
52. Béon Patrick - 1975 : confessions in 2008 (no penalty) ; 1976 : confessions in 2002 (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation
53. Bourreau Bernard - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
54. Catieau José - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
55. Danguillaume Jean-pierre - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
56. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
57. Esclassan Jacques - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
58. Ovion Régis - 1976 : positive control
59. Rouxel Charles - 1975 : absence to control (sanction not known)
60. Sibille Guy - 1976 : positive control ; 1977 : absence to control

BIANCHI

17 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,18 per year

61. Gimondi Felice - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
62. Castelletti Luigi
63. Cavalcanti Giovanni - 1967 : positive control
64. Fabbri Fabrizio
65. Fraccaro Simone
66. Houbrechts Antoon
67. Parsani Sergio
68. Rodriguez Gutierrez Martin Emilio
69. Santambrogio Giacinto
70. Van Linden Rik

GITANE

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

71. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
72. Dillen René
73. Karstens Gerben - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
74. Le Guilloux Maurice - 1973 : positive control
75. Leleu Guy
76. Martin Raymond - 1982 : positive control
77. Martinez Mariano - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
78. Mintkiewicz Robert - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
79. Santy Alain - 1971 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : absence to control (no penalty)
80. Teirlinck Willy - 1977 : positive control

FILOTEX

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

81. Moser Francesco - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
82. Caverzasi Arnaldo
83. Dallai Pietro
84. Fontanelli Sigfrido
85. Fuchs Josef
86. Marchetti Renato
87. Poggiali Roberto
88. Ritter Ole
89. Simonetti Mauro
90. Sorlini Roberto

FLANDRIA-CARPENTER

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

91. Pollentier Michel - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
92. Cael Eddy
93. David Wilfried - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : positive control
94. Delépine Régis - 1975 : positive control
95. Demeyer Marc
96. Dewitte Ronald - 1974 : positive control
97. Godefroot Walter - 1967 : absence to control ; 1973 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
98. Verplancke Daniel
99. Van Springel Herman - 1966 : positive control
100. Moneyron Gérard - 197x : confessions in 1977 (sanction not known)

SPORTING-LEJEUNE

9 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,11 per year

101. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
102. Amaro José
103. Campaner Francis - 1971 : positive control
104. Carvalho Joaquim
105. Ferreira Fernando
106. Bernardino Firmino
107. Julien Ferdinand
108. Labourdette Bernard - 1976 : fraud
109. Mollet André - 1982 : confessions in 1987 (no penalty) ; 198x : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
110. Silva Manuel

MIKO-DE GRIBALDY

111. Laurent Michel
112. De Brauwere Lucien
113. Doyen André
114. Gutierrez Antoine - 1978 : fraud ; 1979 : positive control
115. Loysch Roger 1 - 1974 : positive control
116. Mathis Hubert - 1982 : positive control
117. Perret Patrick - 1982 : absence to control (sanction not known)
118. Van Vlierberghe Albert
119. Van Vlierberghe Frans
120. Wesemael Wilfried

FRISOL-GBC

6 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,33 per year

121. Kuiper Hennie
122. Allan Donald
123. De Cauwer José - 2000 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
124. Den Hertog Fedor
125. Kamper Gérard
126. Koken Ben
127. Mendes Fernando - 1977 : positive control ; 1980 : absence to control
128. Priem Cees - 1998 : in the act
129. Smit Theo
130. Prinsen Henk

JOBO-SABLIERE-WOLBER

4 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1 per year

131. Romero André - 1975 : positive control
132. Boulas Jacques
133. Cigana Alain
134. Corbeau André
135. Croyet Bernard - 1976 : fraud
136. Hauvieux Joël
137. Legeay Roger - 1974 : positive control
138. Magni Claude
139. Millard Joël
140. Pianaro Richard



See also