Tour de France 1972 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
MOLTENI 11 5 1 1 1 1
BEAULIEU-FLANDRIA 11 5 1 1 0 0
SONOLOR 11 7 2 2 0 0
PEUGEOT-BP-MICHELIN 11 8 1 1 0 0
DE GRIBALDY-MAGNIFLEX-VAN CAUTER 11 3 3 2 0 0
BIC 11 8 0 0 0 0
GAN-MERCIER-HUTCHINSON 11 8 1 1 1 1
ROKADO 11 7 0 0 0 0
SALVARANI 11 4 1 1 1 1
GOUDSMIT-HOFF 11 5 0 0 0 0
GITANE 11 4 0 0 0 0
WATNEY-AVIA 11 2 0 0 0 0
Total 132 66 10 9 3 3
Pourcentage 50% 90% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Merckx Eddy in 108h17'18'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
  2. Gimondi Felice at 10'41'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
  3. Poulidor Raymond at 11'34'' - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
  4. Van Impe Lucien at 16'45'' - 1981 : absence to control
  5. Zoetemelk Joop at 19'09'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  6. Martinez Mariano at 21'31'' - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
  7. Hézard Yves at 21'52'' - 1971 : positive control
  8. Agostinho Joachim at 34'16'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  9. Thévenet Bernard at 37'11'' - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  10. Janssens Edward at 42'33''
  11. Delisle Raymond at 46'27'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  12. Mortensen Leif at 46'39'' - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
  13. Houbrechts Antoon at 47'37''
  14. Swerts Roger at 49'24'' - 1966 : positive control
  15. Vandenbossche Martin at 59'29''
  16. Verbeeck Frans at 1h00'09'' - 1972 : positive control
  17. Aimar Lucien at 1h03'41'' - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  18. Tabak Tino at 1h05'09''
  19. Perin Michel at 1h06'19''
  20. Künde Karl-heinz at 1h10'09''
  21. Danguillaume Jean-pierre at 1h14'51'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  22. De Schoenmaecker Joseph at 1h21'28''
  23. Beyssens Herman at 1h23'51''
  24. Wolfshohl Rolf at 1h24'59'' - 1968 : positive control (sanction not known)
  25. Pustjens Mathieu at 1h26'33''
  26. Bruyère Joseph at 1h27'20'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
  27. Ricci Walter at 1h30'12'' - 1971 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  28. Huysmans Jozef at 1h31'29''
  29. Santy Guy at 1h31'35''
  30. Schleck Johnny at 1h32'06''
  31. Dewitte Ronald at 1h34'22'' - 1974 : positive control
  32. Millard Joël at 1h37'28''
  33. Vanneste Willy at 1h39'11'' - 1967 : positive control
  34. Bellone Gilbert at 1h39'39'' - 1966 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1969 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1973 : positive control (no penalty)
  35. Vasseur Sylvain at 1h41'13'' - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
  36. Moneyron Gérard at 1h41'46'' - 197x : confessions in 1977 (sanction not known)
  37. Mintjens Frans at 1h42'55''
  38. Parenteau Jean-pierre at 1h44'20''
  39. Mori Primo at 1h44'54''
  40. Berland Roland at 1h45'51''
  41. David Wilfried at 1h48'53'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : positive control
  42. Puschel Dieter at 1h50'12''
  43. Lievens Marc at 1h50'44''
  44. Godefroot Walter at 1h53'56'' - 1967 : absence to control ; 1973 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
  45. Tschan Jurgen at 1h56'00''
  46. Largeau Jean-claude at 1h59'41''
  47. Raymond Christian at 2h01'00'' - 1969 : absence to control
  48. Riotte Raymond at 2h01'25''
  49. Van Staeyen Ludo at 2h02'41''
  50. Chappe Georges at 2h02'44'' - 1969 : positive control
  51. In't Ven Willy at 2h03'11'' - 1970 : positive control
  52. Muddemann Karl-heinz at 2h04'04''
  53. Santambrogio Giacinto at 2h04'07''
  54. Wagtmans Rini at 2h04'45'' - 1971 : positive control
  55. Wright Michael at 2h08'31''
  56. Aranzabal Jesus at 2h10'44'' - 1971 : positive control
  57. Grenier René at 2h11'29''
  58. Mourioux Jacky at 2h11'37'' - 1973 : positive control
  59. David Gérard at 2h11'53'' - 1972 : fraud
  60. Karstens Gerben at 2h12'40'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
  61. Prinsen Wim at 2h14'56''
  62. Van Marcke Ronny at 2h16'34''
  63. Peffgen Wilfried at 2h16'49'' - 1969 : positive control
  64. Genty Jean-claude at 2h16'53'' - 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
  65. Abbeloos Willy at 2h18'22''
  66. Teirlinck Willy at 2h21'59'' - 1977 : positive control
  67. Verstraeten Eddy at 2h22'57''
  68. Sohet Marc at 2h26'20''
  69. Aerts Paul at 2h27'39''
  70. Hoban Barry at 2h28'20'' - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
  71. Vianen Gérard at 2h28'27'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
  72. Daunat Jean-claude at 2h30'06'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
  73. Van Der Vleuten Jos at 2h30'41'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control, fraud attempt
  74. Campagnari Pietro at 2h31'42''
  75. Matignon Pierre at 2h33'10'' - 1969 : positive control
  76. Delépine Régis at 2h36'32'' - 1975 : positive control
  77. Van Clooster Noël at 2h38'24''
  78. Krekels Jan at 2h38'59''
  79. Nassen Pieter at 2h40'52''
  80. Van Linden Rik at 2h41'24''
  81. Guyot Bernard at 2h41'29'' - 1968 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control
  82. Basso Marino at 2h46'50'' - 2010 : positive control (?)
  83. Dolman Evert at 2h48'36'' - 1967 : fraud ; 1970 : fraud (sanction not known)
  84. Menard Léon-paul at 2h48'41''
  85. Castelletti Luigi at 2h50'12''
  86. Guerra Pietro at 2h54'37''
  87. Mintkiewicz Robert at 3h07'39'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  88. Bellouis Alain at 4h03'33''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Janssens Edward
  2. Houbrechts Antoon
  3. Vandenbossche Martin
  4. Tabak Tino
  5. Perin Michel
  6. Künde Karl-heinz
  7. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
  8. Beyssens Herman
  9. Pustjens Mathieu
  10. Huysmans Jozef
  11. Santy Guy
  12. Schleck Johnny
  13. Millard Joël
  14. Mintjens Frans
  15. Parenteau Jean-pierre
  16. Mori Primo
  17. Berland Roland
  18. Puschel Dieter
  19. Lievens Marc
  20. Tschan Jurgen
  21. Largeau Jean-claude
  22. Riotte Raymond
  23. Van Staeyen Ludo
  24. Muddemann Karl-heinz
  25. Santambrogio Giacinto
  26. Wright Michael
  27. Grenier René
  28. Prinsen Wim
  29. Van Marcke Ronny
  30. Abbeloos Willy
  31. Verstraeten Eddy
  32. Sohet Marc
  33. Aerts Paul
  34. Campagnari Pietro
  35. Van Clooster Noël
  36. Krekels Jan
  37. Nassen Pieter
  38. Van Linden Rik
  39. Menard Léon-paul
  40. Castelletti Luigi
  41. Guerra Pietro
  42. Bellouis Alain



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

MOLTENI

19 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,89 per year

1. Merckx Eddy - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
2. Bruyère Joseph - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
3. De Schoenmaecker Joseph
4. Huysmans Jozef
5. In't Ven Willy - 1970 : positive control
6. Lievens Marc
7. Mintjens Frans
8. Spruyt Jozef
9. Swerts Roger - 1966 : positive control
10. Vandenbossche Martin
11. Van Schil Victor - 1968 : fraud

BEAULIEU-FLANDRIA

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

12. Pereira De Andrade Joaquim
13. David Gérard - 1972 : fraud
14. De Muynck Johan
15. Dierickx André
16. Dolman Evert - 1967 : fraud ; 1970 : fraud (sanction not known)
17. Mendes Fernando - 1977 : positive control ; 1980 : absence to control
18. Vandewiele Jan
19. Van Der Slagmolen Herman
20. Van Marcke Ronny
21. Vanneste Willy - 1967 : positive control
22. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)

SONOLOR

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

23. Catieau José - 1967 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
24. Guyot Bernard - 1968 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control
25. Hézard Yves - 1971 : positive control
26. Mintkiewicz Robert - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
27. Pustjens Mathieu
28. Ricci Walter - 1971 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : absence to control (sanction not known)
29. Riotte Raymond
30. Sanquer Jean-jacques
31. Teirlinck Willy - 1977 : positive control
32. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
33. Van Rijckeghem Daniel

PEUGEOT-BP-MICHELIN

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

34. Bouloux Robert
35. Danguillaume Jean-pierre - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
36. David Wilfried - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : positive control
37. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
38. Dewitte Ronald - 1974 : positive control
39. Godefroot Walter - 1967 : absence to control ; 1973 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : positive control
40. Parenteau Jean-pierre
41. Pingeon Roger - 1970 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1979 (sanction not known)
42. Raymond Christian - 1969 : absence to control
43. Thévenet Bernard - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
44. Tschan Jurgen

DE GRIBALDY-MAGNIFLEX-VAN CAUTER

25 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,4 per year

45. Abbeloos Willy
46. Agostinho Joachim - 1969 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
47. Beyssens Herman
48. Janssens Edward
49. Kindt Roger - 1969 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
50. Martinez Mariano - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
51. Millard Joël
52. Largeau Jean-claude
53. Poppe André
54. Van Linden Rik
55. Van Staeyen Ludo

BIC

8 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 3,5 per year

56. Aranzabal Jesus - 1971 : positive control
57. Berland Roland
58. Genty Jean-claude - 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
59. Labourdette Bernard - 1976 : fraud
60. Letort Désiré - 1967 : positive control, confessions in 1997 ; 1967 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : positive control
61. Mortensen Leif - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
62. Ocana Luis - 1977 : positive control
63. Santy Alain - 1971 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : absence to control (no penalty)
64. Santy Guy
65. Schleck Johnny
66. Vasseur Sylvain - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)

GAN-MERCIER-HUTCHINSON

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

67. Cadiou Jacques - 1972 : under medical supervision (sanction not known)
68. Delépine Régis - 1975 : positive control
69. Genet Jean-pierre
70. Grelin René
71. Guimard Cyrille - 1970 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1974 : positive control
72. Hoban Barry - 1973 : positive control (sanction not known)
73. Moneyron Gérard - 197x : confessions in 1977 (sanction not known)
74. Mourioux Jacky - 1973 : positive control
75. Perin Michel
76. Poulidor Raymond - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
77. Ravaleu Yves - 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : fraud

ROKADO

4 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,75 per year

78. Aimar Lucien - 1966 : positive control ; 1969 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : absence to control (sanction not known)
79. Bellone Gilbert - 1966 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1969 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1973 : positive control (no penalty)
80. Junkermann Hans - 1972 : positive control
81. Karstens Gerben - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
82. Künde Karl-heinz
83. Muddemann Karl-heinz
84. Peffgen Wilfried - 1969 : positive control
85. Puschel Dieter
86. Rasing Berndt
87. Schepers Wim - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
88. Wolfshohl Rolf - 1968 : positive control (sanction not known)

SALVARANI

10 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,6 per year

89. Basso Marino - 2010 : positive control (?)
90. Campagnari Pietro
91. Castelletti Luigi
92. Gimondi Felice - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
93. Gualazzini Ercole
94. Guerra Pietro
95. Houbrechts Antoon
96. Mori Primo
97. Reybrouck Guido - 1966 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
98. Santambrogio Giacinto
99. Zilioli Italo - 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control

GOUDSMIT-HOFF

13 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,38 per year

100. Duyndam Léo - 1972 : in the act
101. Harings Ger
102. Koeken Cees - 1972 : positive control
103. Krekels Jan
104. Prinsen Wim
105. Tabak Tino
106. Van Der Vleuten Jos - 1967 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control, fraud attempt
107. Van Katwijk Jan
108. Van Leeuwen Harrie
109. Vianen Gérard - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
110. Wagtmans Rini - 1971 : positive control

GITANE

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

111. Bellouis Alain
112. Bolley Serge - 1974 : positive control
113. Briend Gérard
114. Chappe Georges - 1969 : positive control
115. Daunat Jean-claude - 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
116. Grenier René
117. Le Bourhis Loïc
118. Matignon Pierre - 1969 : positive control
119. Menard Léon-paul
120. Vidament Jean
121. Wright Michael

WATNEY-AVIA

20 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,5 per year

122. Aerts Paul
123. Antheunis Etienne
124. Coulon Michel
125. Nassen Pieter
126. Opdebeeck Englebert
127. Planckaert Walter - 1977 : positive control
128. Sohet Marc
129. Van Clooster Noël
130. Van Malderghem Willy
131. Verbeeck Frans - 1972 : positive control
132. Verstraeten Eddy



See also