Tour de France 1976 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 19/01/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
PEUGEOT-ESSO 10 9 1 1 0 0
GITANE-CAMPAGNOLO 10 7 1 1 1 1
GAN-MERCIER 10 7 2 2 2 2
KAS-CAMPAGNOLO 10 5 2 0 0 0
SUPER-SER 10 3 0 0 0 0
TI-RALEIGH 10 4 0 0 0 0
JOBO-WOLBER-LA FRANCE 10 2 0 0 0 0
VELDA-FLANDRIA 10 3 2 2 0 0
MIKO-SUPERIA 10 5 0 0 0 0
JOLLY CERAMICA 10 4 1 0 0 0
LEJEUNE-BP 10 3 0 0 0 0
BROOKLYN 10 1 0 0 0 0
SCIC-FIAT 10 2 1 0 0 0
Total 130 55 10 6 3 3
Pourcentage 42,31% 60% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Van Impe Lucien in 116h22'23'' - 1981 : absence to control
  2. Zoetemelk Joop at 04'14'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  3. Poulidor Raymond at 12'08'' - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
  4. Delisle Raymond at 12'17'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  5. Riccomi Walter at 12'39''
  6. Galdos Francisco at 14'50''
  7. Pollentier Michel at 14'59'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
  8. Maertens Freddy at 16'09'' - 1974 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1977 : confessions in 1978 (no penalty) ; 1978 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1986 : positive control (sanction not known)
  9. Bertoglio Fausto at 16'36''
  10. Lopez-carril Vicente at 19'28''
  11. Pesarrodona José at 21'14''
  12. Martins José at 21'45'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  13. Panizza Wladimiro at 22'08''
  14. Ocana Luis at 25'08'' - 1977 : positive control
  15. Martin Raymond at 25'35'' - 1982 : positive control
  16. Bellini Giancarlo at 26'43''
  17. Torres Pedro at 32'44''
  18. Dewitte Ronald at 34'21'' - 1974 : positive control
  19. Julien Ferdinand at 36'29''
  20. Bouloux Robert at 39'54''
  21. Talbourdet Georges at 41'35''
  22. Danguillaume Jean-pierre at 41'42'' - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  23. Martinez Heredia Enrique at 44'50''
  24. Meslet Alain at 46'20'' - 1978 : positive control (no penalty) ; 198x : confessions in 1981 (no penalty) ; 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
  25. Martos Antonio at 47'42''
  26. Pronk Hubert at 48'39''
  27. Menendez Antonio at 49'13'' - 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  28. Ovion Régis at 52'36'' - 1976 : positive control
  29. Seznec Christian at 53'52'' - 1988 : positive control
  30. Bourreau Bernard at 54'53'' - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
  31. Viejo José-luis at 55'16'' - 1975 : positive control
  32. Giuliani Donato at 58'40'' - 2009 : judicial investigation
  33. Mathis Hubert at 1h00'03'' - 1982 : positive control
  34. Lasa Miguel-maria at 1h00'49'' - 1977 : positive control
  35. Legeay Roger at 1h01'59'' - 1974 : positive control
  36. Rota Attilio at 1h03'11''
  37. Conati Luciano at 1h04'48'' - 1975 : positive control
  38. Bergamo Marcello at 1h04'50''
  39. Romero André at 1h07'37'' - 1975 : positive control
  40. Perin Michel at 1h08'30''
  41. Labourdette Bernard at 1h12'06'' - 1976 : fraud
  42. Martinez Mariano at 1h25'34'' - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
  43. Genet Jean-pierre at 1h26'39''
  44. Caverzasi Arnaldo at 1h27'33''
  45. Hézard Yves at 1h29'34'' - 1971 : positive control
  46. Le Denmat Michel at 1h29'45''
  47. Sibille Guy at 1h31'27'' - 1976 : positive control ; 1977 : absence to control
  48. Le Guilloux Maurice at 1h33'23'' - 1973 : positive control
  49. Mintkiewicz Robert at 1h34'11'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  50. Paolini Enrico at 1h37'14''
  51. Schmid Ivan at 1h40'52''
  52. Melero Carlos at 1h46'19'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  53. Arbes Hubert at 1h46'58''
  54. Van Der Slagmolen Herman at 1h52'48''
  55. Vercelli Celestino at 1h56'16''
  56. Demeyer Marc at 1h58'53''
  57. Van Vlierberghe Albert at 1h59'18''
  58. Rouxel Charles at 1h59'26'' - 1975 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  59. Antonini Alessio at 1h59'42''
  60. Vasseur Sylvain at 2h01'47'' - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)
  61. Béon Patrick at 2h03'56'' - 1975 : confessions in 2008 (no penalty) ; 1976 : confessions in 2002 (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation
  62. Beyssens Herman at 2h05'04''
  63. Gavazzi Pierino at 2h05'05'' - 2004 : judicial investigation
  64. Knudsen Knud at 2h05'33'' - 1975 : positive control
  65. Chalmel André at 2h08'49''
  66. Osler Marcello at 2h09'53''
  67. Teirlinck Willy at 2h12'37'' - 1977 : positive control
  68. Lazcano Santiago at 2h13'24''
  69. Wellens Paul at 2h14'11'' - 1985 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  70. Hauvieux Joël at 2h14'25''
  71. Perurena Domingo at 2h14'43'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  72. Berland Roland at 2h14'50''
  73. Delépine Régis at 2h15'22'' - 1975 : positive control
  74. Dillen René at 2h16'13''
  75. Maingon Guy at 2h17'28''
  76. Vianen Gérard at 2h20'22'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
  77. Bracke Ferdinand at 2h21'24'' - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
  78. Passuello Adriano at 2h28'46''
  79. De Cauwer José at 2h29'52'' - 2000 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  80. Esclassan Jacques at 2h30'13'' - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
  81. Smet Roland at 2h31'09''
  82. Loysch Roger 1 at 2h32'25'' - 1974 : positive control
  83. Raas Jan at 2h39'41''
  84. Karstens Gerben at 2h44'27'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
  85. Lalouette Eric at 2h50'03''
  86. Uribezubia José-luis at 3h10'05''
  87. Van Den Hoek Aad at 3h12'54''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Riccomi Walter
  2. Galdos Francisco
  3. Bertoglio Fausto
  4. Lopez-carril Vicente
  5. Pesarrodona José
  6. Panizza Wladimiro
  7. Bellini Giancarlo
  8. Torres Pedro
  9. Julien Ferdinand
  10. Bouloux Robert
  11. Talbourdet Georges
  12. Martinez Heredia Enrique
  13. Martos Antonio
  14. Pronk Hubert
  15. Rota Attilio
  16. Bergamo Marcello
  17. Perin Michel
  18. Genet Jean-pierre
  19. Caverzasi Arnaldo
  20. Le Denmat Michel
  21. Paolini Enrico
  22. Schmid Ivan
  23. Arbes Hubert
  24. Van Der Slagmolen Herman
  25. Vercelli Celestino
  26. Demeyer Marc
  27. Van Vlierberghe Albert
  28. Antonini Alessio
  29. Beyssens Herman
  30. Chalmel André
  31. Osler Marcello
  32. Lazcano Santiago
  33. Hauvieux Joël
  34. Berland Roland
  35. Dillen René
  36. Maingon Guy
  37. Passuello Adriano
  38. Smet Roland
  39. Raas Jan
  40. Lalouette Eric
  41. Uribezubia José-luis
  42. Van Den Hoek Aad



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

PEUGEOT-ESSO

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

1. Thévenet Bernard - 1976 : 2 positive controls (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
2. Béon Patrick - 1975 : confessions in 2008 (no penalty) ; 1976 : confessions in 2002 (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation
3. Bourreau Bernard - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
4. Danguillaume Jean-pierre - 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
5. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
6. Esclassan Jacques - 1978 : contrôle positif et aveux en 1978 (no penalty)
7. Molineris Jean-luc
8. Ovion Régis - 1976 : positive control
9. Rouxel Charles - 1975 : absence to control (sanction not known)
10. Sibille Guy - 1976 : positive control ; 1977 : absence to control

GITANE-CAMPAGNOLO

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

11. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
12. Arbes Hubert
13. Chalmel André
14. Chassang Jean - 1989 : positive control
15. Dillen René
16. Martin Raymond - 1982 : positive control
17. Meslet Alain - 1978 : positive control (no penalty) ; 198x : confessions in 1981 (no penalty) ; 199x : confessions in 2001 (poitier trial)
18. Mintkiewicz Robert - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
19. Teirlinck Willy - 1977 : positive control
20. Vasseur Sylvain - 1972 : positive control (no penalty)

GAN-MERCIER

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

21. Poulidor Raymond - 196x : confessions (no penalty) ; 1966 : absence to control ; 1968 : refusal to submit to control (no penalty)
22. Delépine Régis - 1975 : positive control
23. Genet Jean-pierre
24. Hézard Yves - 1971 : positive control
25. Le Guilloux Maurice - 1973 : positive control
26. Perin Michel
27. Seznec Christian - 1988 : positive control
28. Talbourdet Georges
29. Vianen Gérard - 1971 : positive control ; 1972 : positive control
30. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)

KAS-CAMPAGNOLO

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

31. Galdos Francisco
32. Garcia Eulalio - 1978 : fraud
33. Lopez-carril Vicente
34. Martinez Heredia Enrique
35. Martins José - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
36. Martos Antonio
37. Melero Carlos - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
38. Menendez Antonio - 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
39. Perurena Domingo - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
40. Pesarrodona José

SUPER-SER

2 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 1 per year

41. Ocana Luis - 1977 : positive control
42. Berland Roland
43. Casas José
44. Fuchs Josef
45. Greciano Anastasio
46. Lazcano Santiago
47. Manzaneque Jesus - 1974 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
48. Torres Pedro
49. Uribezubia José-luis
50. Viejo José-luis - 1975 : positive control

TI-RALEIGH

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

51. Kuiper Hennie
52. De Cauwer José - 2000 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
53. Hoogedoorn Ko
54. Karstens Gerben - 1969 : positive control ; 1974 : absence to control ; 1974 : fraud
55. Knetemann Gerrie - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
56. Pronk Hubert
57. Raas Jan
58. Van Den Hoek Aad
59. Van Katwijk Jan
60. Van Katwijk Piet - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)

JOBO-WOLBER-LA FRANCE

4 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1 per year

61. Romero André - 1975 : positive control
62. Boulas Jacques
63. Bouloux Robert
64. Cigana Alain
65. Corbeau André
66. Dolhats Guy
67. Fin Henri-paul
68. Labourdette Bernard - 1976 : fraud
69. Magni Claude
70. Maingon Guy

VELDA-FLANDRIA

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

71. Maertens Freddy - 1974 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1977 : confessions in 1978 (no penalty) ; 1978 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1986 : positive control (sanction not known)
72. Beyssens Herman
73. Demeyer Marc
74. Loder Eric
75. Pollentier Michel - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
76. Schmid Ivan
77. Tabak Tino
78. Van Springel Herman - 1966 : positive control
79. Van Vlierberghe Albert
80. Verhaegen Frans

MIKO-SUPERIA

3 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 1 per year

81. Laurent Michel
82. Baert Jean-pierre
83. Bellet Maurizio
84. Bolle Thierry
85. Charlier Michel
86. Gutierrez Antoine - 1978 : fraud ; 1979 : positive control
87. Loysch Roger 1 - 1974 : positive control
88. Mathis Hubert - 1982 : positive control
89. Perret Patrick - 1982 : absence to control (sanction not known)
90. Wellens Paul - 1985 : absence to control (sanction not known)

JOLLY CERAMICA

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

91. Bertoglio Fausto
92. Antonini Alessio
93. Battaglin Giovanni - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
94. Bergamo Marcello
95. Chinetti Alfredo
96. Fraccaro Simone
97. Gavazzi Pierino - 2004 : judicial investigation
98. Giuliani Donato - 2009 : judicial investigation
99. Knudsen Knud - 1975 : positive control
100. Maggioni Enrico

LEJEUNE-BP

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

101. Martinez Mariano - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
102. Bracke Ferdinand - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
103. Hauvieux Joël
104. Julien Ferdinand
105. Lalouette Eric
106. Le Denmat Michel
107. Legeay Roger - 1974 : positive control
108. Plet Eugène
109. Schuiten Roy
110. Smet Roland

BROOKLYN

10 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,3 per year

111. Dewitte Ronald - 1974 : positive control
112. Bellini Giancarlo
113. Borgognoni Luciano
114. De Geest Willy
115. Gualazzini Ercole
116. Lualdi Valerio
117. Osler Marcello
118. Parecchini Aldo
119. Passuello Adriano
120. Van Der Slagmolen Herman

SCIC-FIAT

11 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,09 per year

121. Baronchelli Gianbattista
122. Caverzasi Arnaldo
123. Conati Luciano - 1975 : positive control
124. Grande José
125. Lasa Miguel-maria - 1977 : positive control
126. Panizza Wladimiro
127. Paolini Enrico
128. Riccomi Walter
129. Rota Attilio
130. Vercelli Celestino



See also