Tour de France 1984 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
RENAULT-ELF 10 4 2 1 2 1
REYNOLDS 10 4 1 1 0 0
PANASONIC-RALEIGH 10 6 1 1 0 0
LA REDOUTE 10 4 0 0 0 0
SYSTEME U 10 6 0 0 0 0
SKIL-REYDEL-SEM 10 3 1 1 0 0
PEUGEOT-SHELL-MICHELIN 10 7 2 2 0 0
SPORTING LISBOA-RAPOSEIRA 10 2 0 0 0 0
TEKA 10 4 1 1 0 0
MONDIAL MOQUETTE-SPLENDOR 10 8 1 1 0 0
COOP-HOONVED-ROSSIN 10 5 0 0 0 0
CILO-AUFINA 10 3 0 0 0 0
KWANTUM HALLEN-DECOSSOL 10 2 0 0 0 0
LA VIE CLAIRE-TERRAILLON 10 5 1 1 1 1
COLUMBIA-VARTA 10 2 0 0 0 0
EUROP DECOR-BOULE D'OR-EDDY MERCKX 10 4 0 0 0 0
CARRERA-INOXPRAN 10 4 0 0 0 0
Total 170 73 10 9 3 2
Pourcentage 42,94% 90% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Fignon Laurent in 112h03'40'' - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
  2. Hinault Bernard at 10'32'' - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
  3. Lemond Greg at 11'46''
  4. Millar Robert at 14'42'' - 1992 : positive control
  5. Kelly Sean at 16'35'' - 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : positive control
  6. Arroyo Angel at 19'22'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control
  7. Simon Pascal at 21'17'' - 1983 : positive control
  8. Munoz Pedro at 26'17'' - 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
  9. Criquielion Claude at 29'12'' - 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
  10. Anderson Phil at 29'16'' - 1983 : positive control
  11. Ruttimann Niki at 30'58''
  12. Acevedo Porras Rafael-antonik at 33'32''
  13. Grezet Jean-marie at 33'41''
  14. Caritoux Eric at 36'28'' - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
  15. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio at 37'49''
  16. Veldscholten Gérard at 41'54''
  17. Laurent Michel at 44'33''
  18. Florez Ortiz Alfonso at 45'33'' - 1981 : positive control
  19. Agudelo Gomez Jose-antonio at 49'25''
  20. Gavillet Bernard at 51'02'' - 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  21. Jules Pascal at 51'53''
  22. Loro Luciano at 52'37''
  23. Vichot Frédéric at 53'18''
  24. Nulens Guy at 53'25''
  25. Roche Stephen at 56'36''
  26. Winnen Peter at 58'14'' - 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
  27. Herrera Luis at 58'30''
  28. Barteau Vincent at 1h00'02''
  29. Mas Gilles at 1h05'38''
  30. Zoetemelk Joop at 1h06'02'' - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
  31. Boyer Jonathan at 1h07'03''
  32. Garde Dominique at 1h09'58''
  33. Prieto Celestino at 1h10'23''
  34. Madiot Marc at 1h13'03'' - 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
  35. Simon Jérôme at 1h16'33''
  36. Durant Marc at 1h17'22''
  37. Alban Robert at 1h18'03'' - 1981 : positive control
  38. Echave Musatadi Federico at 1h22'59'' - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
  39. Lubberding Henk at 1h23'52''
  40. Laguia Martinez José-luis at 1h24'02'' - 1983 : positive control
  41. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe at 1h24'13''
  42. Breu Beat at 1h25'21'' - 1979 : positive control
  43. Le Bigaut Pierre at 1h26'51'' - 1982 : absence to control ; 1987 : positive control
  44. Rodriguez Francisco at 1h28'35'' - 1981 : positive control (2 times)
  45. Madiot Yvon at 1h29'39''
  46. Vigneron Alain at 1h29'49''
  47. Sergeant Marc at 1h31'13'' - 1983 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control
  48. Bérard Charly at 1h33'15'' - 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
  49. Andersen Kim at 1h33'23'' - 1985 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1992 : positive control
  50. Aja Enrique at 1h33'53''
  51. Gorospe Julian at 1h37'23'' - 1984 : positive control
  52. Hernandez Carlos at 1h37'30''
  53. Arnaud Dominique at 1h37'50''
  54. Menthéour Pierre-henri at 1h38'51'' - 1986 : confessions in 1990 ; 1994 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1997 : judicial investigation
  55. Kuiper Hennie at 1h39'30''
  56. Peeters Ludo at 1h39'59''
  57. Zimmermann Urs at 1h40'39''
  58. De Rooy Theo at 1h42'20'' - 198x : confessions in 2014 (no penalty)
  59. Loiaza Martinez Herman at 1h43'55''
  60. Ferretti Antonio at 1h47'24''
  61. Le Guilloux Maurice at 1h48'38'' - 1973 : positive control
  62. Gallopin Guy at 1h49'07''
  63. Dietzen Raimund at 1h49'31'' - 1987 : in the act (sanction not known)
  64. Lopez Alfonso at 1h49'59''
  65. Coll Antonio at 1h52'04'' - 1981 : positive control
  66. Chappuis Andréh - 1986 : testimony (no penalty)
  67. Martens René at 1h52'25''
  68. Frebert Yvan at 1h53'58''
  69. Santoni Glauco at 1h54'28''
  70. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus at 1h55'17''
  71. Didier Lucien at 1h56'39'' - 1982 : positive control
  72. Vallet Bernard at 1h58'23'' - 1982 : absence to control
  73. De Wolf Alfons at 1h58'36''
  74. Van Vliet Leo at 1h58'52''
  75. Leali Bruno at 2h03'40'' - 2010 : police investigation
  76. Chagas Martins Marco-antonio at 2h08'15'' - 1979 : positive control
  77. Corredor Alvarez Edgar at 2h09'31''
  78. Clerc Patrick at 2h11'29'' - 1981 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1982 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1983 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
  79. Poisson Pascal at 2h11'37''
  80. Perini Giancarlo at 2h12'08'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  81. Rault Jean-françois at 2h12'17''
  82. Dithurbide Alain at 2h13'02''
  83. Maechler Erich at 2h15'23''
  84. Bonnet Patrick at 2h17'18'' - 1981 : positive control
  85. Bourreau Bernard at 2h20'29'' - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
  86. Greciano Anastasio at 2h20'51''
  87. De Vos Hendrik at 2h23'55'' - 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
  88. Brun Frédéric at 2h25'08''
  89. Vanderaerden Eric at 2h26'14''
  90. Yates Sean at 2h26'41'' - 1989 : positive control (no penalty)
  91. De Keulenaer Ludo at 2h28'49'' - 1992 : fraud & confessions
  92. Lang Czeslaw at 2h29'21''
  93. Ramos Zeferino Manuel at 2h29'26'' - 2008 : judicial investigation
  94. Peiper Alan at 2h31'28'' - 1986 : absence to control
  95. Moerlen Patrick at 2h31'33''
  96. Gauthier Jean-louis at 2h34'10''
  97. Alfonsel Bernardo at 2h35'25''
  98. Bondue Alain at 2h36'45''
  99. Hoste Frank at 2h38'08''
  100. Hanegraaf Jaak at 2h44'04''
  101. Bossis Jacques at 2h44'26'' - 1983 : positive control
  102. Knetemann Gerrie at 2h47'58'' - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
  103. Dierickx Marc at 2h49'20''
  104. Castaing Francis at 2h51'59'' - 1986 : police investigation ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
  105. Van Den Haute Ferdi at 2h52'48'' - 1982 : positive control
  106. Manders Henri at 2h59'01''
  107. Wijnands Adrie at 3h01'04''
  108. Govaerts Luc at 3h01'39''
  109. Levavasseur Christian at 3h03'04''
  110. Simon Régis at 3h04'25''
  111. Linard Hubert at 3h06'24''
  112. Lualdi Valerio at 3h06'50''
  113. Moreau Claude at 3h07'34''
  114. Thévenard Patrice at 3h09'16''
  115. Sherwen Paul at 3h24'48''
  116. Charreard Michel at 3h25'18''
  117. Correia De Resende Eduardo at 3h25'37''
  118. Xavier José-antonio at 3h27'26''
  119. Urrutibeazcoa Modesto at 3h30'11''
  120. Gaigne Dominique at 3h35'39''
  121. Marta Silva Carlos-alberto at 3h40'05''
  122. Russenberger Marcel at 4h00'30''
  123. Glaus Gilbert at 4h01'17'' - 1978 : positive control (no penalty)



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lemond Greg
  2. Ruttimann Niki
  3. Acevedo Porras Rafael-antonik
  4. Grezet Jean-marie
  5. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio
  6. Veldscholten Gérard
  7. Laurent Michel
  8. Agudelo Gomez Jose-antonio
  9. Jules Pascal
  10. Loro Luciano
  11. Vichot Frédéric
  12. Nulens Guy
  13. Roche Stephen
  14. Herrera Luis
  15. Barteau Vincent
  16. Mas Gilles
  17. Boyer Jonathan
  18. Garde Dominique
  19. Prieto Celestino
  20. Simon Jérôme
  21. Durant Marc
  22. Lubberding Henk
  23. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
  24. Madiot Yvon
  25. Vigneron Alain
  26. Aja Enrique
  27. Hernandez Carlos
  28. Arnaud Dominique
  29. Kuiper Hennie
  30. Peeters Ludo
  31. Zimmermann Urs
  32. Loiaza Martinez Herman
  33. Ferretti Antonio
  34. Gallopin Guy
  35. Lopez Alfonso
  36. Martens René
  37. Frebert Yvan
  38. Santoni Glauco
  39. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus
  40. De Wolf Alfons
  41. Van Vliet Leo
  42. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
  43. Poisson Pascal
  44. Rault Jean-françois
  45. Dithurbide Alain
  46. Maechler Erich
  47. Greciano Anastasio
  48. Brun Frédéric
  49. Vanderaerden Eric
  50. Lang Czeslaw
  51. Moerlen Patrick
  52. Gauthier Jean-louis
  53. Alfonsel Bernardo
  54. Bondue Alain
  55. Hoste Frank
  56. Hanegraaf Jaak
  57. Dierickx Marc
  58. Manders Henri
  59. Wijnands Adrie
  60. Govaerts Luc
  61. Levavasseur Christian
  62. Simon Régis
  63. Linard Hubert
  64. Lualdi Valerio
  65. Moreau Claude
  66. Thévenard Patrice
  67. Sherwen Paul
  68. Charreard Michel
  69. Correia De Resende Eduardo
  70. Xavier José-antonio
  71. Urrutibeazcoa Modesto
  72. Gaigne Dominique
  73. Marta Silva Carlos-alberto
  74. Russenberger Marcel



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

RENAULT-ELF

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

1. Fignon Laurent - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
2. Barteau Vincent
3. Didier Lucien - 1982 : positive control
4. Gaigne Dominique
5. Jules Pascal
6. Madiot Marc - 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
7. Madiot Yvon
8. Menthéour Pierre-henri - 1986 : confessions in 1990 ; 1994 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1997 : judicial investigation
9. Poisson Pascal
10. Lemond Greg

REYNOLDS

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

11. Arroyo Angel - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control
12. Aja Enrique
13. Delgado Pedro - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
14. Gorospe Julian - 1984 : positive control
15. Greciano Anastasio
16. Hernandez Carlos
17. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus
18. Laguia Martinez José-luis - 1983 : positive control
19. Prieto Celestino
20. Vilamajo Jaime

PANASONIC-RALEIGH

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

21. Anderson Phil - 1983 : positive control
22. De Keulenaer Ludo - 1992 : fraud & confessions
23. De Rooy Theo - 198x : confessions in 2014 (no penalty)
24. Lubberding Henk
25. Nulens Guy
26. Oosterbosch Bert - 1989 : overdose, dead
27. Planckaert Eddy - 1988 : positive control ; 1991 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
28. Veldscholten Gérard
29. Vanderaerden Eric
30. Winnen Peter - 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)

LA REDOUTE

31. Roche Stephen
32. Alban Robert - 1981 : positive control
33. Bondue Alain
34. De Wilde Etienne - 1987 : positive control (no penalty)
35. Levavasseur Christian
36. Sherwen Paul
37. Simon Jérôme
38. Simon Régis
39. Vandenbroucke Jean-luc - 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1978 : positive control and confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
40. Van Den Haute Ferdi - 1982 : positive control

SYSTEME U

5 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 1,4 per year

41. Bernaudeau Jean-rené - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
42. Bonnet Patrick - 1981 : positive control
43. Chappuis André - 1986 : testimony (no penalty)
44. Durant Marc
45. Frebert Yvan
46. Jones Graham
47. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso
48. Rodriguez Jean-françois - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
49. Seznec Christian - 1988 : positive control
50. Vincendeau Claude - 1981 : absence to control

SKIL-REYDEL-SEM

8 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 1,12 per year

51. Kelly Sean - 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : positive control
52. Bagot Jean-claude
53. Boyer Jonathan
54. Caritoux Eric - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
55. Clerc Patrick - 1981 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1982 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1983 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
56. Gallopin Guy
57. Grezet Jean-marie
58. Mas Gilles
59. Moerlen Patrick
60. Vichot Frédéric

PEUGEOT-SHELL-MICHELIN

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

61. Simon Pascal - 1983 : positive control
62. Bossis Jacques - 1983 : positive control
63. Bourreau Bernard - 1976 : fraud (sanction not known) ; 1976 : fraud
64. Brun Frédéric
65. Castaing Francis - 1986 : police investigation ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
66. Garde Dominique
67. Linard Hubert
68. Millar Robert - 1992 : positive control
69. Peiper Alan - 1986 : absence to control
70. Yates Sean - 1989 : positive control (no penalty)

SPORTING LISBOA-RAPOSEIRA

71. Chagas Martins Marco-antonio - 1979 : positive control
72. Charreard Michel
73. Correia De Resende Eduardo
74. Dithurbide Alain
75. Ferreira Benedito
76. Ferreira Paulo
77. Marta Silva Carlos-alberto
78. Thévenard Patrice
79. Xavier José-antonio
80. Ramos Zeferino Manuel - 2008 : judicial investigation

TEKA

15 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1,2 per year

81. Munoz Pedro - 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
82. Alfonsel Bernardo
83. Coll Antonio - 1981 : positive control
84. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
85. Dejonckheere Noël
86. Dietzen Raimund - 1987 : in the act (sanction not known)
87. Echave Musatadi Federico - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
88. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio
89. Martens René
90. Urrutibeazcoa Modesto

MONDIAL MOQUETTE-SPLENDOR

91. Criquielion Claude - 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
92. De Vos Hendrik - 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
93. Dhaenens Rudy - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
94. Matthys Rudy - 1985 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control
95. Rodriguez Francisco - 1981 : positive control (2 times)
96. Rogiers Rudy
97. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
98. Verlinden Gery - 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control
99. Versluys Patrick - 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
100. Wilches Tumbia Pablo Emilio - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)

COOP-HOONVED-ROSSIN

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

101. Andersen Kim - 1985 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1992 : positive control
102. Bazzo Pierre - 1983 : positive control
103. Beucherie Serge
104. Clère Régis - 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
105. Chaurin Jean-françois - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
106. Garnier Jean-luc
107. Gauthier Jean-louis
108. Laurent Michel
109. Le Bigaut Pierre - 1982 : absence to control ; 1987 : positive control
110. Moreau Claude

CILO-AUFINA

9 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,22 per year

111. Breu Beat - 1979 : positive control
112. Bolle Thierry
113. Demierre Serge
114. Ferretti Antonio
115. Gavillet Bernard - 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
116. Glaus Gilbert - 1978 : positive control (no penalty)
117. Maechler Erich
118. Russenberger Marcel
119. Thalmann Julius
120. Zimmermann Urs

KWANTUM HALLEN-DECOSSOL

36 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,39 per year

121. Zoetemelk Joop - 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control ; 198x : positive control (sanction not known)
122. Hanegraaf Jaak
123. Kuiper Hennie
124. Manders Henri
125. Peeters Ludo
126. Raas Jan
127. Van Der Poel Adrie - 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
128. Van Houwelingen Adrie
129. Van Vliet Leo
130. Wijnands Adrie

LA VIE CLAIRE-TERRAILLON

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

131. Hinault Bernard - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
132. Arnaud Dominique
133. Bérard Charly - 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
134. Jourdan Christian - 1980 : positive control
135. Le Guilloux Maurice - 1973 : positive control
136. Leleu Philippe
137. Rault Jean-françois
138. Ruttimann Niki
139. Vallet Bernard - 1982 : absence to control
140. Vigneron Alain

COLUMBIA-VARTA

141. Herrera Luis
142. Acevedo Porras Rafael-antonik
143. Agudelo Gomez Jose-antonio
144. Cabrera Samuel - 2004 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
145. Cardenas Espitia Manuel
146. Corredor Fonseca Israel
147. Florez Ortiz Alfonso - 1981 : positive control
148. Loiaza Martinez Herman
149. Lopez Alfonso
150. Rios Abelardo

EUROP DECOR-BOULE D'OR-EDDY MERCKX

151. De Wolf Alfons
152. Dierickx Marc
153. Govaerts Luc
154. Haghedooren Paul - 1988 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1990 : positive control (no penalty)
155. Hoste Frank
156. Knetemann Gerrie - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
157. Maier Harald
158. Sergeant Marc - 1983 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control
159. Somers Marc - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
160. Wayenberg Dirk

CARRERA-INOXPRAN

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

161. Battaglin Giovanni - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
162. Fraccaro Simone
163. Lang Czeslaw
164. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
165. Loro Luciano
166. Lualdi Valerio
167. Perini Giancarlo - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
168. Santoni Glauco
169. Tonon Carlo
170. Visentini Roberto - 1988 : absence to control



See also