Tour de France 1998 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Deutsche Telekom 9 8 1 1 1 1
Festina Watches 9 9 0 0 0 0
Mercatone Uno-Bianchi 9 7 1 1 1 1
Mapei - Bricobi 9 6 2 2 0 0
Once 9 2 0 0 0 0
Rabobank 9 2 1 1 0 0
Casino 9 7 0 0 0 0
Banesto 9 5 0 0 0 0
Gan 9 3 0 0 0 0
Lotto- Mobistar 9 2 0 0 0 0
TVM- Farm Frites 9 9 0 0 0 0
Saeco Macchine da Caffe- Cannondale 9 6 0 0 0 0
La Française des jeux 9 4 0 0 0 0
Cofidis- Le crédit par téléphone 9 6 3 2 1 1
Team Polti 9 7 1 1 0 0
Asics-CGA 9 2 0 0 0 0
Vitalicio Seguros- Gruppo Generali 9 3 0 0 0 0
Kelme- Costa Blanca 9 3 0 0 0 0
US Postal Service 9 6 1 1 0 0
Riso Scotti- MG Maglificio 9 4 0 0 0 0
Big Mat 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 189 103 10 9 3 3
Pourcentage 54% 90% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : http://www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (30/01/2008)

  1. Pantani Marco in 92h49'46'' Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
  2. Ullrich Jan at 0h03'21'' Red card 1995 : aveux en 2023 (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
  3. Julich Bobby at 0h04'08'' Red card 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  4. Rinero Christophe at 0h09'16''
  5. Boogerd Michael at 0h11'26'' Red card 2005 : confessions in 2013
  6. Robin Jean-cyril at 0h14'57'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  7. Meier Roland at 0h15'13'' Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
  8. Nardello Daniele at 0h16'07'' Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  9. Di Grande Giuseppe at 0h17'35'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  10. Merckx Axel at 0h17'39'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  11. Riis Bjarne at 0h19'10'' Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  12. Baranowski Dariusz at 0h19'58''
  13. Heulot Stéphane at 0h20'57'' Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (no penalty)
  14. Piepoli Leonardo at 0h22'45'' Red card 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
  15. Hamburger Bo at 0h26'39'' Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  16. Van De Wouwer Kurt at 0h27'20''
  17. Livingston Kevin at 0h34'03'' Yellow card 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  18. Jaksche Jörg at 0h35'41'' Red card 1999 : police investigation ; 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  19. Farazijn Peter at 0h36'10'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  20. Teteriouk Andrei at 0h37'03''
  21. Bolts Udo at 0h37'25'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  22. Madouas Laurent at 0h39'54'' Red card 1994 : positive control
  23. Verheyen Geert at 0h41'23''
  24. Vasseur Cédric at 0h42'14''
  25. Berzin Evgueni at 0h42'51'' Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
  26. Bourguignon Thierry at 0h43'53''
  27. Totschnig Georg at 0h50'13'' Yellow card 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  28. Salmon Benoit at 0h51'18''
  29. Elli Alberto at 1h00'13'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  30. Bordenave Philippe at 1h05'55''
  31. Agnolutto Christophe at 1h11'03''
  32. Pozzi Oscar at 1h14'54''
  33. Den Bakker Maarten at 1h16'21''
  34. Jonker Patrick at 1h16'49''
  35. Chanteur Pascal at 1h19'32'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  36. Lelli Massimiliano at 1h20'15''
  37. Podenzana Massimo at 1h20'47'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  38. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 1h22'40''
  39. Leproux Denis at 1h25'05''
  40. Zberg Beat at 1h26'08''
  41. Lebreton Lylian at 1h28'19'' Yellow card 1994 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  42. Tafi Andrea at 1h29'22'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  43. Aldag Rolf at 1h29'27'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  44. Moerenhout Koos at 1h29'37''
  45. Meinert-nielsen Peter at 1h29'52'' Red card 1993 : positive control
  46. Forconi Riccardo at 1h30'33'' Red card 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
  47. Sacchi Fabio at 1h31'53'' Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2002 : in the act
  48. Jemison Marty at 1h34'27'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
  49. Jalabert Nicolas at 1h38'45''
  50. Donati Massimo at 1h38'59''
  51. Hamilton Tyler at 1h39'53'' Red card 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
  52. Borgheresi Simone at 1h40'04'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  53. Hincapie George at 1h40'39'' Red card 1996 : confessions in 2012
  54. O'grady Stuart at 1h46'04'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  55. Simeoni Filippo at 1h47'19'' Red card 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
  56. Heppner Jens at 1h50'43'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  57. Simon François at 1h52'41''
  58. Andreu Frankie at 1h53'44'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  59. Gouvenou Thierry at 1h55'20''
  60. Conti Roberto at 1h55'33'' Red card 2002 : in the act
  61. Desbiens Laurent at 1h56'28'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  62. Zabel Erik at 1h56'57'' Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  63. Van Bon Leon at 1h57'30''
  64. Van Hyfte Paul at 1h58'02''
  65. Durand Jacky at 1h59'42'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  66. Mengin Christophe at 2h00'35''
  67. Guesdon Frédéric at 2h05'08''
  68. Peeters Wilfried at 2h06'16''
  69. Verbrugghe Rik at 2h06'17''
  70. Backstedt Magnus at 2h08'30''
  71. Mazzoleni Eddy at 2h10'19'' Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act ; 2004 : positive control ; 2005 : police investigation
  72. Fontanelli Fabiano at 2h11'37'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
  73. Zanini Stefano at 2h12'11'' Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  74. Turicchia Alain at 2h14'12'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  75. Crepaldi Mirko at 2h15'05'' Yellow card 2018 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  76. Ferrari Diego at 2h15'46''
  77. Jan Xavier at 2h15'51''
  78. Lino Pascal at 2h16'13'' Red card 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
  79. Roscioli Fabio at 2h17'53''
  80. Henn Christian at 2h19'52'' Red card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  81. Djavanian Viatcheslav at 2h21'31''
  82. Brasi Rossano at 2h22'10'' Red card 2000 : blood test
  83. Voigt Jens at 2h25'14''
  84. Deramé Pascal at 2h26'25''
  85. Steels Tom at 2h26'30'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  86. Poli Eros at 2h31'56'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  87. Sivakov Alexei at 2h33'19''
  88. Vierhouten Aart at 2h35'06''
  89. Mcewen Robbie at 2h36'32''
  90. Fornaciari Paolo at 2h37'50''
  91. Mori Massimiliano at 2h38'12'' Red card 2003 : fraud
  92. Leysen Bart at 2h39'43''
  93. Frattini Francesco at 2h43'16''
  94. Bouyer Franck at 2h43'45''
  95. Traversoni Mario at 2h44'42''
  96. Nazon Damien at 3h12'15''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Rinero Christophe
  2. Baranowski Dariusz
  3. Van De Wouwer Kurt
  4. Teteriouk Andrei
  5. Verheyen Geert
  6. Vasseur Cédric
  7. Bourguignon Thierry
  8. Salmon Benoit
  9. Bordenave Philippe
  10. Agnolutto Christophe
  11. Pozzi Oscar
  12. Den Bakker Maarten
  13. Jonker Patrick
  14. Lelli Massimiliano
  15. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  16. Leproux Denis
  17. Zberg Beat
  18. Moerenhout Koos
  19. Jalabert Nicolas
  20. Donati Massimo
  21. Simon François
  22. Gouvenou Thierry
  23. Van Bon Leon
  24. Van Hyfte Paul
  25. Mengin Christophe
  26. Guesdon Frédéric
  27. Peeters Wilfried
  28. Verbrugghe Rik
  29. Backstedt Magnus
  30. Ferrari Diego
  31. Jan Xavier
  32. Roscioli Fabio
  33. Djavanian Viatcheslav
  34. Voigt Jens
  35. Deramé Pascal
  36. Sivakov Alexei
  37. Vierhouten Aart
  38. Mcewen Robbie
  39. Fornaciari Paolo
  40. Leysen Bart
  41. Frattini Francesco
  42. Bouyer Franck
  43. Traversoni Mario
  44. Nazon Damien


List of doping cases during the race

Rider Product Race Year Sanction Control
Barthe Stéphane EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Beltran Manuel EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Blijlevens Jeroen Tour de France 1998 Non Enquête judiciaire
Blijlevens Jeroen EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale et aveux en 2013
Brignoli Ermanno EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Brochard Laurent EPO, amphétamines, nandrolone, hormones de croissance Tour de France 1998 Oui Aveux en 1998
Calcaterra Giuseppe EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Chanteur Pascal EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Cipollini Mario EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
De Jongh Steven Tour de France 1998 Oui Enquête judiciaire, aveux en 2012
Desbiens Laurent EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Dufaux Laurent EPO, Hydrocortisone, cortisone Tour de France 1998 Oui Analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998
Durand Jacky EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Hamburger Bo EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale (2 x positif)
Heppner Jens EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Hervé Pascal Hématocrite = 52,6%, amphétamines, Cortisone Tour de France 1998 Oui Analyses sang, urine, cheveux
Ivanov Sergueï Tour de France 1998 Non Enquête judiciaire
Jalabert Laurent EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Julich Bobby EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Knaven Servais Cortisone Tour de France 1998 Non Enquête judiciaire
Massi Rodolfo Détention de Corticoïdes, Caféine, etc. Tour de France 1998 Oui Flagrant délit
Massi Rodolfo Corticoïdes, hormones de croissance Tour de France 1998 NSP* Aveux en 1998
Mazzoleni Eddy EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Meier Armin EPO, amphétamines Tour de France 1998 Oui Analyses sang, urine, cheveux
Meier Armin EPO, hormone de croissance Tour de France 1998 Oui Aveux en 1998
Meier Roland EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Merckx Axel EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Michaelsen Lars Tour de France 1998 Non Enquête judiciaire
Minali Nicola EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Moncassin Frédéric EPO, corticoïdes Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale et aveux en 2013
Moreau Christophe Amphétamines, corticoïdes Tour de France 1998 Non Analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux
O'Grady Stuart EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale et aveux en 2013
Olano Abraham EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Ouchakov Sergueï Tour de France 1998 Non Enquête judiciaire
Pantani Marco EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Rous Didier EPO, amphétamines, hydrocortisone, cortisone Tour de France 1998 Oui Analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998
Roux Laurent Tour de France 1998 Non Enquête judiciaire
Sacchi Fabio EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-Antonio EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Steels Tom EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Stephens Neil EPO, hydrocortisone, cortisone, HGH Tour de France 1998 NSP* Analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998
Tafi Andrea EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Turicchia Alain EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Ullrich Jan EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Van Petegem Peter Tour de France 1998 Non Enquête judiciaire
Virenque Richard EPO, cortisone Tour de France 1998 NSP* Analyses sang, urine, cheveux
Voskamp Bertus Tour de France 1998 Non Enquête judiciaire et aveux en 2014
Zabel Erik EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Zanini Stefano EPO Tour de France 1998 Non Commission d'enquête sénatoriale
Zülle Alex EPO, amphétamines, hormone de croissance Tour de France 1998 NSP* Aveux en 1998

* Sanction not known


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Deutsche Telekom

23 years of existence, 48 cases, ie 2,09 per year

1. Ullrich Jan Red card 1995 : aveux en 2023 (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
2. Aldag Rolf Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
3. Bolts Udo Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
4. Frattini Francesco
5. Henn Christian Red card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
6. Heppner Jens Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
7. Riis Bjarne Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
8. Totschnig Georg Yellow card 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
9. Zabel Erik Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Festina Watches

12 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 2,58 per year

11. Virenque Richard Red card 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
12. Brochard Laurent Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
13. Dufaux Laurent Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
14. Hervé Pascal Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
15. Meier Armin Red card 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair
16. Moreau Christophe Red card 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : medical control
17. Rous Didier Red card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998
18. Stephens Neil Yellow card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
19. Zülle Alex Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)

Mercatone Uno-Bianchi

7 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 2,71 per year

21. Pantani Marco Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
22. Barbero Sergio Red card 2001 : positive control
23. Borgheresi Simone Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
24. Conti Roberto Red card 2002 : in the act
25. Fontanelli Fabiano Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
26. Forconi Riccardo Red card 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
27. Konyshev Dimitri
28. Podenzana Massimo Red card 1986 : positive control
29. Traversoni Mario

Mapei - Bricobi

32 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,81 per year

31. Ballerini Franco Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
32. Di Grande Giuseppe Red card 2001 : in the act
33. Leysen Bart
34. Nardello Daniele Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
35. Peeters Wilfried
36. Steels Tom Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
37. Svorada Jan
38. Tafi Andrea Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
39. Zanini Stefano Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act

Once

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

41. Jalabert Laurent Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
42. Bruyneel Johan Red card 199x : judicial investigation
43. Diaz Justo Rafael
44. Diaz Zabala Herminio
45. Garcia Alonso Marcelino
46. Mauleon Javier
47. Mauri Melchior
48. Perez Rodriguez Luis
49. Sierra Roberto

Rabobank

41 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 0,61 per year

51. Boogerd Michael Red card 2005 : confessions in 2013
52. Dekker Erik Red card 1999 : positive control
53. Den Bakker Maarten
54. Jonker Patrick
55. Mcewen Robbie
56. Moerenhout Koos
57. Van Bon Leon
58. Vierhouten Aart
59. Zberg Beat

Casino

33 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 0,55 per year

61. Hamburger Bo Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
62. Agnolutto Christophe
63. Barthe Stéphane Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
64. Chanteur Pascal Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
65. Durand Jacky Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
66. Elli Alberto Red card 2001 : in the act
67. Kirsipuu Jan Yellow card 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
68. Massi Rodolfo Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
69. Salmon Benoit

Banesto

45 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,64 per year

71. Olano Abraham Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
72. Alonso Marino
73. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
74. Beltran Manuel Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
75. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
76. Jimenez José-maria Yellow card 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
77. Pena Miguel Angel
78. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
79. Solaun Solana César Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)

Gan

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

81. Boardman Chris
82. Backstedt Magnus
83. Moncassin Frédéric Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
84. O'grady Stuart Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
85. Poli Eros Red card 1986 : positive control
86. Seigneur Eddy
87. Simon François
88. Vasseur Cédric
89. Voigt Jens

Lotto- Mobistar

91. Madouas Laurent Red card 1994 : positive control
92. Farazijn Peter Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
93. Laukka Joona
94. Tchmil Andrei
95. Teteriouk Andrei
96. Van De Wouwer Kurt
97. Van Hyfte Paul
98. Verbrugghe Rik
99. Verheyen Geert

TVM- Farm Frites

25 years of existence, 33 cases, ie 1,32 per year

101. Roux Laurent Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act
102. Blijlevens Jeroen Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
103. De Jongh Steven Red card 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions
104. Ivanov Sergueï Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
105. Knaven Servais Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
106. Michaelsen Lars Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
107. Ouchakov Sergueï Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control
108. Van Petegem Peter Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
109. Voskamp Bertus Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)

Saeco Macchine da Caffe- Cannondale

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

111. Cipollini Mario Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
112. Calcaterra Giuseppe Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
113. Donati Massimo
114. Fagnini Gianmatteo
115. Fornaciari Paolo
116. Mazzoleni Eddy Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act ; 2004 : positive control ; 2005 : police investigation
117. Mori Massimiliano Red card 2003 : fraud
118. Piepoli Leonardo Red card 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
119. Scirea Mario Red card 2004 : in the act

La Française des jeux

28 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,5 per year

121. Berzin Evgueni Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
122. Bouyer Franck
123. Guesdon Frédéric
124. Heulot Stéphane Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (no penalty)
125. Jan Xavier
126. Magnien Emmanuel Red card 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
127. Mengin Christophe
128. Nazon Damien
129. Sciandri Maximilian Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)

Cofidis- Le crédit par téléphone

29 years of existence, 23 cases, ie 0,79 per year

131. Casagrande Francesco Red card 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
132. Desbiens Laurent Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
133. Gaumont Philippe Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control (2 times) (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2004 : confessions
134. Jalabert Nicolas
135. Julich Bobby Red card 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
136. Lelli Massimiliano
137. Livingston Kevin Yellow card 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
138. Meier Roland Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
139. Rinero Christophe

Team Polti

18 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,56 per year

141. Leblanc Luc Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
142. Brasi Rossano Red card 2000 : blood test
143. Crepaldi Mirko Yellow card 2018 : police investigation (sanction not known)
144. Guidi Fabrizio Yellow card 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
145. Guidi Leonardo
146. Jaksche Jörg Red card 1999 : police investigation ; 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
147. Martinello Silvio
148. Merckx Axel Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
149. Sacchi Fabio Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2002 : in the act

Asics-CGA

3 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1,33 per year

151. Bianchi Carlo Marino
152. Bongioni Alessio
153. Ferrari Diego
154. Pozzi Oscar
155. Roscioli Fabio
156. Schiavina Samuele
157. Shefer Alexandre
158. Simeoni Filippo Red card 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
159. Turicchia Alain Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Vitalicio Seguros- Gruppo Generali

161. Blanco Gil Santiago
162. Benitez Esbri Francisco
163. Buenahora Hernan Red card 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
164. Casero Angel Yellow card 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
165. Ferrigato Andrea
166. Garcia Marquina David
167. Garcia Rodriguez Francisco-tomas Red card 2001 : positive control
168. Indurain Prudencio
169. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro

Kelme- Costa Blanca

36 years of existence, 27 cases, ie 0,75 per year

171. Escartin Fernando
172. Cabello Francisco Red card 1994 : positive control (5 times)
173. Contreras Carlos-alberto
174. De Los Angeles Juan-josé
175. Gomez Gonzalo José Javier
176. Gonzalez Capilla Santos Red card 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
177. Rodriguez José
178. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
179. Vidal Jose-angel

US Postal Service

17 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 1,71 per year

181. Robin Jean-cyril Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
182. Andreu Frankie Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
183. Baranowski Dariusz
184. Deramé Pascal
185. Ekimov Viatcheslav
186. Hamilton Tyler Red card 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
187. Hincapie George Red card 1996 : confessions in 2012
188. Jemison Marty Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
189. Meinert-nielsen Peter Red card 1993 : positive control

Riso Scotti- MG Maglificio

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

191. Baldato Fabio
192. Bobrik Vladislav
193. Brignoli Ermanno Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
194. Caruso Roberto
195. Casagranda Stefano Red card 2000 : in the act
196. De Beni Federico
197. Minali Nicola Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
198. Pistore Roberto
199. Spezialetti Alessandro Red card 2004 : in the act

Big Mat

32 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,25 per year

201. Lino Pascal Red card 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
202. Auger Ludovic
203. Bordenave Philippe
204. Bourguignon Thierry
205. Djavanian Viatcheslav
206. Gouvenou Thierry
207. Lebreton Lylian Yellow card 1994 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
208. Leproux Denis
209. Sivakov Alexei

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


Revue de presse du Tour de France 1998 - Affaire Festina


See also