Tour de France 2000 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 30/06/2022

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
US POSTAL SERVICE 9 7 1 1 1 1
BANESTO 9 5 1 0 0 0
KELME - COSTA BLANCA 9 5 3 2 0 0
MAPEI - QUICK STEP 9 6 1 1 0 0
RABOBANK 9 4 0 0 0 0
O.N.C.E - DEUTSCHE BANK 9 4 0 0 0 0
TEAM DEUTSCHE TELEKOM 9 6 1 1 1 1
MERCATONE UNO - ALBACOM 9 8 0 0 0 0
AG2R PREVOYANCE 9 2 0 0 0 0
SAECO - VALLI & VALLI 9 7 0 0 0 0
FESTINA Watches 9 4 2 1 1 0
FARM FRITES 9 4 0 0 0 0
COFIDIS . CREDIT PAR TELEPHONE 9 6 0 0 0 0
LOTTO - ADECCO 9 2 0 0 0 0
FRANCAISE DES JEUX 9 2 0 0 0 0
TEAM POLTI 9 9 1 1 0 0
MEMORY CARD TECHNOLOGY-JACK & JONES 9 3 0 0 0 0
CREDIT AGRICOLE 9 3 0 0 0 0
VINI CALDIROLA - SIDERMEC 9 6 0 0 0 0
BONJOUR 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 180 95 10 7 3 2
Pourcentage 53% 70% 67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Armstrong Lance in 92h33'08'' - 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty)
  2. Ullrich Jan at 0h06'02'' - 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
  3. Beloki Joseba at 0h10'04''
  4. Moreau Christophe at 0h10'34'' - 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : medical control
  5. Heras Roberto at 0h11'50'' - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
  6. Virenque Richard at 0h13'26'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  7. Botero Santiago at 0h14'18'' - 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  8. Escartin Fernando at 0h17'21''
  9. Mancebo Francisco at 0h18'09''
  10. Nardello Daniele at 0h18'25'' - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  11. Beltran Manuel at 0h21'11'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
  12. Hervé Pascal at 0h23'13'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
  13. Otxoa Javier at 0h25'00'' - 1999 : positive control
  14. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel at 0h32'04''
  15. Vinokourov Alexandre at 0h32'26'' - 2004 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control
  16. Conti Roberto at 0h34'18'' - 2002 : in the act
  17. Van De Wouwer Kurt at 0h34'29''
  18. Trentin Guido at 0h35'57''
  19. Robin Jean-cyril at 0h43'12'' - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  20. Verheyen Geert at 0h46'24''
  21. Luttenberger Peter at 0h48'27''
  22. Mattan Nico at 0h50'09'' - 2000 : positive control ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  23. Jimenez José-maria at 0h51'45'' - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  24. Niermann Grischa at 0h52'06'' - 2000 : confessions in 2013
  25. Hamilton Tyler at 0h56'30'' - 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
  26. Guerini Giuseppe at 0h59'33''
  27. Lelli Massimiliano at 1h06'05''
  28. Aerts Mario at 1h06'44''
  29. Atienza Daniel at 1h09'19''
  30. Baranowski Dariusz at 1h09'27''
  31. Pascual Llorente Javier at 1h16'33'' - 2003 : positive control
  32. Kivilev Andrey at 1h17'28''
  33. Canada David at 1h17'44''
  34. Olano Abraham at 1h19'44'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  35. Madouas Laurent at 1h20'40'' - 1994 : positive control
  36. Hamburger Bo at 1h21'33'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  37. Livingston Kevin at 1h23'13'' - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  38. Zaina Enrico at 1h23'33''
  39. Velo Marco at 1h24'21'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1999 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control
  40. Heppner Jens at 1h29'51'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  41. Savoldelli Paolo at 1h32'00'' - 2005 : disciplinary investigation
  42. Bolts Udo at 1h32'33'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  43. Wauters Marc at 1h33'34''
  44. Meier Roland at 1h35'57'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
  45. Rous Didier at 1h39'55'' - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998
  46. Siboni Marcello at 1h42'00'' - 2001 : in the act
  47. Odriozola Mugarza Jon at 1h43'22'' - 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  48. Julich Bobby at 1h44'15'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  49. Den Bakker Maarten at 1h46'17''
  50. Vidal Jose-angel at 1h50'59''
  51. Dekker Erik at 1h51'27'' - 1999 : positive control
  52. Vasseur Cédric at 1h55'25''
  53. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente at 1h56'31''
  54. Jalabert Laurent at 1h58'47'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  55. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 1h59'57''
  56. Lotz Marc at 2h02'04'' - 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
  57. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis at 2h04'21'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  58. Simon François at 2h10'08''
  59. Brignoli Ermanno at 2h10'28'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  60. Voigt Jens at 2h10'37''
  61. Zabel Erik at 2h11'07'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  62. Millar David at 2h13'03'' - 2003 : confessions in 2004
  63. Tauler Antonio at 2h16'05'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2010 : positive control (sanction not known)
  64. Sacchi Fabio at 2h17'40'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2002 : in the act
  65. Hincapie George at 2h20'31'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012
  66. Agnolutto Christophe at 2h23'07''
  67. Mori Massimiliano at 2h24'05'' - 2003 : fraud
  68. Zberg Marcus at 2h26'40''
  69. Chanteur Pascal at 2h27'19'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  70. Forconi Riccardo at 2h28'14'' - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
  71. Bénéteau Walter at 2h28'17''
  72. Commesso Salvatore at 2h28'48'' - 2001 : in the act
  73. Podenzana Massimo at 2h29'17'' - 1986 : positive control
  74. Durand Jacky at 2h31'48'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  75. Moncoutié David at 2h32'26''
  76. Jan Xavier at 2h33'55''
  77. Moerenhout Koos at 2h34'31''
  78. Lafis Michel at 2h35'52''
  79. Van Hyfte Paul at 2h36'03''
  80. Zanini Stefano at 2h36'07'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  81. Maignan Gilles at 2h36'12''
  82. Vainsteins Romans at 2h38'10'' - 2003 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  83. Delrieu David
  84. Elli Alberto at 2h40'12'' - 2001 : in the act
  85. Padrnos Pavel at 2h40'19'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
  86. Rodriguez Fred at 2h40'19''
  87. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio at 2h40'31''
  88. Demarbaix Sebastien at 2h41'19''
  89. Kjaergaard Steffen at 2h44'01'' - 2000 : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
  90. Morin Anthony at 2h44'02''
  91. Magnusson Glenn at 2h45'46''
  92. Joachim Benoît at 2h45'56'' - 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
  93. Piziks Arvis at 2h46'06''
  94. Crepaldi Mirko at 2h48'30'' - 2018 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  95. Mengin Christophe at 2h50'21''
  96. Radaelli Mauro at 2h51'01''
  97. Hernandez Jaime at 2h51'14''
  98. Magnien Emmanuel at 2h51'21'' - 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
  99. Larsen Nicolay Bo at 2h52'14'' - 2000 : blood test
  100. Hoj Frank at 2h52'46'' - 1995 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  101. Marichal Thierry at 2h52'52'' - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  102. Apollonio Massimo at 2h54'00'' - 1998 : blood test
  103. Van Heeswijk Max at 2h54'50'' - 2007 : confessions in 2011 (no penalty)
  104. Fagnini Gianmatteo at 2h55'45''
  105. Klier Andreas at 2h58'04'' - 1999 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  106. Gwiazdowski Grzegorz at 2h58'05''
  107. Salmon Benoit at 2h59'59''
  108. Rittsel Martin at 3h00'47''
  109. Knaven Servais at 3h02'49'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  110. Andreu Frankie at 3h02'15'' - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  111. Deramé Pascal at 3h03'30''
  112. Lino Pascal at 3h03'38'' - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
  113. Mcewen Robbie at 3h04'28''
  114. Borgheresi Simone - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  115. Voskamp Bertus at 3h05'17'' - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
  116. Guesdon Frédéric at 3h07'16''
  117. Hoffman Tristan at 3h07'17''
  118. Van Bondt Geert at 3h07'39''
  119. Johansen Allan at 3h08'22''
  120. Langella Anthony at 3h13'40''
  121. Baguet Serge at 3h17'15''
  122. Bouyer Franck at 3h18'37''
  123. Backstedt Magnus at 3h20'27''
  124. Leon Francisco at 3h22'52''
  125. Hinault Sébastien at 3h41'02''
  126. Nazon Damien at 3h43'13''
  127. Perraudeau Olivier at 3h46'37''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Beloki Joseba
  2. Escartin Fernando
  3. Mancebo Francisco
  4. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
  5. Van De Wouwer Kurt
  6. Trentin Guido
  7. Verheyen Geert
  8. Luttenberger Peter
  9. Guerini Giuseppe
  10. Lelli Massimiliano
  11. Aerts Mario
  12. Atienza Daniel
  13. Baranowski Dariusz
  14. Kivilev Andrey
  15. Canada David
  16. Zaina Enrico
  17. Wauters Marc
  18. Den Bakker Maarten
  19. Vidal Jose-angel
  20. Vasseur Cédric
  21. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
  22. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  23. Simon François
  24. Voigt Jens
  25. Agnolutto Christophe
  26. Zberg Marcus
  27. Bénéteau Walter
  28. Moncoutié David
  29. Jan Xavier
  30. Moerenhout Koos
  31. Lafis Michel
  32. Van Hyfte Paul
  33. Maignan Gilles
  34. Delrieu David
  35. Rodriguez Fred
  36. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
  37. Demarbaix Sebastien
  38. Morin Anthony
  39. Magnusson Glenn
  40. Piziks Arvis
  41. Mengin Christophe
  42. Radaelli Mauro
  43. Hernandez Jaime
  44. Fagnini Gianmatteo
  45. Gwiazdowski Grzegorz
  46. Salmon Benoit
  47. Rittsel Martin
  48. Deramé Pascal
  49. Mcewen Robbie
  50. Guesdon Frédéric
  51. Hoffman Tristan
  52. Van Bondt Geert
  53. Johansen Allan
  54. Langella Anthony
  55. Baguet Serge
  56. Bouyer Franck
  57. Backstedt Magnus
  58. Leon Francisco
  59. Hinault Sébastien
  60. Nazon Damien
  61. Perraudeau Olivier



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

US POSTAL SERVICE

17 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,18 per year

1. Armstrong Lance - 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty)
2. Andreu Frankie - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
3. Ekimov Viatcheslav
4. Hamilton Tyler - 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
5. Hincapie George - 1996 : confessions in 2012
6. Joachim Benoît - 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
7. Kjaergaard Steffen - 2000 : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
8. Livingston Kevin - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
9. Vasseur Cédric

BANESTO

43 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,67 per year

11. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
12. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
13. Baranowski Dariusz
14. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
15. Jimenez José-maria - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
16. Mancebo Francisco
17. Odriozola Mugarza Jon - 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
18. Piepoli Leonardo - 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
19. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio

KELME - COSTA BLANCA

36 years of existence, 27 cases, ie 0,75 per year

21. Escartin Fernando
22. Botero Santiago - 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
23. Contreras Carlos-alberto
24. Heras Roberto - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
25. Leon Francisco
26. Otxoa Javier - 1999 : positive control
27. Pascual Llorente Javier - 2003 : positive control
28. Tauler Antonio - 2006 : positive control ; 2010 : positive control (sanction not known)
29. Vidal Jose-angel

MAPEI - QUICK STEP

30 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,87 per year

31. Bartoli Michele - 2006 : police investigation (no penalty)
32. Beltran Manuel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
33. Bettini Paolo
34. Mcrae Chann
35. Nardello Daniele - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
36. Rodriguez Fred
37. Steels Tom - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
38. Van Heeswijk Max - 2007 : confessions in 2011 (no penalty)
39. Zanini Stefano - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act

RABOBANK

39 years of existence, 24 cases, ie 0,62 per year

41. Boogerd Michael - 2005 : confessions in 2013
42. Boven Jan
43. Dekker Erik - 1999 : positive control
44. Den Bakker Maarten
45. Lotz Marc - 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
46. Niermann Grischa - 2000 : confessions in 2013
47. Van Bon Leon
48. Wauters Marc
49. Zberg Marcus

O.N.C.E - DEUTSCHE BANK

51. Jalabert Laurent - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
52. Canada David
53. Etxebarria David - 2004 : positive control
54. Gutierrez Palacios José Ivan
55. Jalabert Nicolas
56. Luttenberger Peter
57. Olano Abraham - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
58. Pena Miguel Angel
59. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

TEAM DEUTSCHE TELEKOM

23 years of existence, 38 cases, ie 1,65 per year

61. Ullrich Jan - 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
62. Bolts Udo - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
63. Elli Alberto - 2001 : in the act
64. Fagnini Gianmatteo
65. Guerini Giuseppe
66. Heppner Jens - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
67. Vinokourov Alexandre - 2004 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control
68. Wesemann Steffen
69. Zabel Erik - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

MERCATONE UNO - ALBACOM

7 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 2,71 per year

71. Pantani Marco - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
72. Borgheresi Simone - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
73. Brignoli Ermanno - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
74. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
75. Forconi Riccardo - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
76. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control
77. Siboni Marcello - 2001 : in the act
78. Velo Marco - 1994 : positive control ; 1999 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control
79. Zaina Enrico

AG2R PREVOYANCE

31 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 0,52 per year

81. Kirsipuu Jan - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
82. Agnolutto Christophe
83. Aus Lauri
84. Chanteur Pascal - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
85. Delrieu David
86. Kasputis Arturas
87. Kivilev Andrey
88. Maignan Gilles
89. Salmon Benoit

SAECO - VALLI & VALLI

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

91. Dufaux Laurent - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
92. Atienza Daniel
93. Commesso Salvatore - 2001 : in the act
94. Meier Armin - 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair
95. Mori Massimiliano - 2003 : fraud
96. Padrnos Pavel - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
97. Pieri Dario
98. Savoldelli Paolo - 2005 : disciplinary investigation
99. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act

FESTINA Watches

12 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 2,58 per year

101. Moreau Christophe - 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : medical control
102. Beloki Joseba
103. Casero Angel - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
104. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
105. Hernandez Jaime
106. Lino Pascal - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
107. Madouas Laurent - 1994 : positive control
108. Plaza David
109. Wust Marcel

FARM FRITES

25 years of existence, 30 cases, ie 1,2 per year

111. Ivanov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
112. Klier Andreas - 1999 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
113. Knaven Servais - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
114. Koerts Jans - 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
115. Lafis Michel
116. Magnusson Glenn
117. Mcewen Robbie
118. Moerenhout Koos
119. Van Bondt Geert

COFIDIS . CREDIT PAR TELEPHONE

27 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,78 per year

121. Vandenbroucke Franck - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test and confessions in 2008 ; 2002 : in the act ; 2008 : police investigation
122. Desbiens Laurent - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
123. Lefèvre Laurent
124. Lelli Massimiliano
125. Mattan Nico - 2000 : positive control ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
126. Meier Roland - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
127. Millar David - 2003 : confessions in 2004
128. Moncoutié David
129. Peers Chris - 2003 : judicial investigation

LOTTO - ADECCO

39 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,36 per year

131. Verbrugghe Rik
132. Aerts Mario
133. Baguet Serge
134. Demarbaix Sebastien
135. Durand Jacky - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
136. Marichal Thierry - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
137. Van De Wouwer Kurt
138. Van Hyfte Paul
139. Verheyen Geert

FRANCAISE DES JEUX

26 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,38 per year

141. Heulot Stéphane
142. Guesdon Frédéric
143. Gwiazdowski Grzegorz
144. Hoj Frank - 1995 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
145. Jan Xavier
146. Magnien Emmanuel - 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
147. Mengin Christophe
148. Montgomery Sven
149. Nazon Jean-patrick

TEAM POLTI

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

151. Virenque Richard - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
152. Blijlevens Jeroen - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
153. Brasi Rossano - 2000 : blood test
154. Cassani Enrico - 2003 : positive control
155. Crepaldi Mirko - 2018 : police investigation (sanction not known)
156. Hervé Pascal - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
157. Mateos Perez Rafael - 2003 : positive control
158. Sacchi Fabio - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2002 : in the act
159. Voskamp Bertus - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)

MEMORY CARD TECHNOLOGY-JACK & JONES

19 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,68 per year

161. Hamburger Bo - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
162. Blaudzun Michael
163. Hoffman Tristan
164. Johansen Allan
165. Larsen Nicolay Bo - 2000 : blood test
166. Piziks Arvis
167. Rittsel Martin
168. Sandstod Mickael
169. Skibby Jesper - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)

CREDIT AGRICOLE

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

171. Julich Bobby - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
172. Backstedt Magnus
173. Gougot Fabrice
174. Hinault Sébastien
175. Langella Anthony
176. Morin Anthony
177. O'grady Stuart - 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
178. Vaughters Jonathan - 1996 : confessions in 2012 (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
179. Voigt Jens

VINI CALDIROLA - SIDERMEC

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

181. Vainsteins Romans - 2003 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
182. Apollonio Massimo - 1998 : blood test
183. Bortolami Gianluca - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
184. Casagrande Filippo - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
185. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
186. Hauptman Andrej - 2000 : blood test
187. Klemencic Zoran
188. Radaelli Mauro
189. Trentin Guido

BONJOUR

191. Robin Jean-cyril - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
192. Bénéteau Walter
193. Bouyer Franck
194. Deramé Pascal
195. Faudot Christophe
196. Nazon Damien
197. Perraudeau Olivier
198. Rous Didier - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998
199. Simon François



See also