Tour de France 1997 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
TEAM DEUTSCHE TELEKOM 9 9 2 2 1 1
FESTINA Watches 9 8 2 2 1 1
MAPEI-GB 9 8 0 0 0 0
ONCE 9 4 0 0 0 0
MG.TECHNOGYM 9 4 0 0 0 0
Team POLTI 9 4 0 0 0 0
COFIDIS 9 6 0 0 0 0
LA FRANCAISE DES JEUX 9 6 0 0 0 0
ROSLOTTO-ZG MOBILI 9 2 0 0 0 0
GAN 9 3 0 0 0 0
TVM 9 8 0 0 0 0
SAECO-ESTRO 9 5 1 1 0 0
RABOBANK 9 4 0 0 0 0
CASINO C'est votre équipe 9 4 0 0 0 0
BATIK-DEL MONTE 9 7 0 0 0 0
BANESTO 9 5 2 2 0 0
LOTTO-MOBISTAR-ISOGLASS 8 3 0 0 0 0
KELME-COSTA BLANCA-EUROSPORT 9 4 1 0 0 0
MERCATONE-UNO 9 4 2 2 1 1
U.S POSTAL SERVICE 9 5 0 0 0 0
LA MUTUELLE DE SEINE ET MARNE 9 1 0 0 0 0
BIG.MAT-AUBER 93 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 197 106 10 9 3 3
Pourcentage 54% 90% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : http://www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Ullrich Jan in 100h30'35'' Red card 1995 : aveux en 2023 (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
  2. Virenque Richard at 0h09'09'' Red card 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  3. Pantani Marco at 0h14'03'' Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
  4. Olano Abraham at 0h15'55'' Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  5. Escartin Fernando at 0h20'32''
  6. Casagrande Francesco at 0h22'47'' Red card 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
  7. Riis Bjarne at 0h26'34'' Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  8. Jimenez José-maria at 0h31'17'' Yellow card 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  9. Dufaux Laurent at 0h31'55'' Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
  10. Conti Roberto at 0h32'26'' Red card 2002 : in the act
  11. Zberg Beat at 0h35'41''
  12. Camenzind Oscar at 0h35'52'' Red card 2004 : positive control
  13. Luttenberger Peter at 0h45'39''
  14. Beltran Manuel at 0h49'34'' Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
  15. Robin Jean-cyril at 0h58'35'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  16. Boogerd Michael at 1h00'33'' Red card 2005 : confessions in 2013
  17. Julich Bobby at 1h01'10'' Red card 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  18. Nardello Daniele at 1h01'30'' Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  19. Moreau Christophe at 1h02'48'' Red card 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : medical control
  20. Heulot Stéphane at 1h06'13'' Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (no penalty)
  21. Bolts Udo at 1h09'02'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  22. Buenahora Hernan at 1h13'48'' Red card 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  23. Roux Laurent at 1h17'44'' Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act
  24. Podenzana Massimo at 1h20'56'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  25. Madouas Laurent at 1h24'58'' Red card 1994 : positive control
  26. Chanteur Pascal at 1h25'48'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  27. Blanco Gil Santiago at 1h29'18''
  28. Bourguignon Thierry at 1h29'35''
  29. Casero Angel at 1h35'11'' Yellow card 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
  30. Elli Alberto at 1h37'23'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  31. Brochard Laurent at 1h39'15'' Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  32. Simon François at 1h40'40''
  33. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio at 1h42'33''
  34. Totschnig Georg at 1h42'49'' Yellow card 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  35. Laukka Joona at 1h43'05''
  36. Hervé Pascal at 1h44'04'' Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
  37. Pascual Rodriguez Javier at 1h45'52'' Red card 2003 : positive control
  38. Livingston Kevin at 1h46'23'' Yellow card 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  39. Farazijn Peter at 1h47'54'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  40. Vasseur Cédric at 1h54'02''
  41. Siboni Marcello at 1h56'05'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  42. Gougot Fabrice at 1h56'15''
  43. Jalabert Laurent at 1h58'32'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  44. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 2h01'23''
  45. Rous Didier at 2h01'46'' Red card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998
  46. Bortolami Gianluca at 2h03'35'' Red card 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
  47. Lelli Massimiliano at 2h05'26''
  48. Mengin Christophe at 2h06'57''
  49. Meinert-nielsen Peter at 2h07'38'' Red card 1993 : positive control
  50. Vandenbroucke Franck at 2h09'34'' Red card 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test and confessions in 2008 ; 2002 : in the act ; 2008 : police investigation
  51. Aldag Rolf at 2h10'36'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  52. Breukink Erik at 2h13'44''
  53. Guerini Giuseppe at 2h14'21''
  54. Stephens Neil at 2h23'40'' Yellow card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
  55. De Los Angeles Juan-josé at 2h24'12''
  56. Peron Andrea at 2h24'48'' Yellow card 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
  57. Tafi Andrea at 2h25'53'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  58. Rebellin Davide at 2h29'54'' Red card 2008 : positive control
  59. Jaskula Zenon at 2h30'15'' Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  60. Heppner Jens at 2h31'12'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  61. Alonso Marino at 2h32'25''
  62. Jonker Patrick at 2h33'38''
  63. Garmendia Aitor at 2h35'30'' Red card 1998 : blood test
  64. Den Bakker Maarten at 2h38'30''
  65. Odriozola Mugarza Jon at 2h40'08'' Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  66. Zabel Erik at 2h41'16'' Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  67. Sciandri Maximilian at 2h42'24'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  68. Sorensen Rolf at 2h43'47'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  69. Hamilton Tyler at 2h47'51'' Red card 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
  70. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo at 2h50'02''
  71. Benitez Esbri Francisco at 2h53'37''
  72. Sgnaolin Daniele at 2h54'00''
  73. Zen Marco at 2h54'29''
  74. Furlan Giorgio at 2h56'21'' Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  75. Vidal Jose-angel at 2h57'04''
  76. Arroyo Miguel at 3h04'05''
  77. Sierra Roberto at 3h04'58''
  78. Andreu Frankie at 3h05'00'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  79. Pellicioli Oscar at 3h07'09''
  80. Dekker Erik at 3h07'17'' Red card 1999 : positive control
  81. Skibby Jesper at 3h07'50'' Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  82. Rault Dominique at 3h09'58''
  83. Henn Christian at 3h10'01'' Red card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  84. Mauleon Javier at 3h11'00''
  85. Valoti Gianluca at 3h11'57''
  86. Baranowski Dariusz at 3h12'45''
  87. Gouvenou Thierry at 3h12'52''
  88. Peeters Wilfried at 3h13'33''
  89. Van Hyfte Paul at 3h18'11''
  90. Artunghi Marco at 3h18'29''
  91. Chaurreau Inigo at 3h20'28''
  92. Kasputis Arturas at 3h22'01''
  93. Agnolutto Christophe at 3h22'57''
  94. Saligari Marco at 3h23'36''
  95. Jemison Marty at 3h25'21'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
  96. Tartaggia Giuseppe at 3h25'54'' Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
  97. Voskamp Bertus at 3h26'27'' Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
  98. Vogels Henk (aus) at 3h26'46''
  99. Traversoni Mario at 3h27'30''
  100. Genty Laurent at 3h27'56''
  101. Van Petegem Peter at 3h29'20'' Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  102. Fagnini Gianmatteo at 3h29'34''
  103. Hincapie George at 3h31'08'' Red card 1996 : confessions in 2012
  104. Pretot Arnaud at 3h32'07''
  105. Vanzella Flavio at 3h32'52'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  106. Knaven Servais at 3h34'52'' Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  107. Cabello Francisco at 3h35'42'' Red card 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  108. O'grady Stuart at 3h35'56'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  109. Loda Nicola at 3h39'10'' Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  110. Guesdon Frédéric at 3h41'04''
  111. Cenghialta Bruno at 3h41'06'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  112. Ouchakov Sergueï at 3h42'48'' Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control
  113. Moncassin Frédéric at 3h45'03'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  114. Rinero Christophe at 3h45'14''
  115. Simoni Gilberto at 3h45'33'' Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  116. Mcewen Robbie at 3h45'47''
  117. Lombardi Giovanni at 3h45'59'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  118. Baffi Adriano at 3h46'55''
  119. Scinto Luca at 3h48'04''
  120. Garcia Alonso Marcelino at 3h49'33''
  121. Minali Nicola at 3h51'26'' Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  122. Crepaldi Mirko at 3h51'49'' Yellow card 2018 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  123. Aus Lauri at 3h52'31''
  124. De Vries Gerrit at 3h54'05''
  125. Blijlevens Jeroen at 3h54'10'' Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  126. Desbiens Laurent at 3h54'32'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  127. Hoffman Tristan at 3h54'49'' Yellow card 1998 : positive control (no penalty)
  128. Finco Carlo at 3h57'27''
  129. Brasi Rossano at 4h02'11'' Red card 2000 : blood test
  130. Deramé Pascal at 4h04'57''
  131. Tosatto Mauro Matteo at 4h06'05''
  132. Pierobon Gianluca at 4h06'53'' Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
  133. Poli Eros at 4h11'22'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  134. Jalabert Nicolas at 4h11'31''
  135. Schmidt Torsten at 4h15'48''
  136. Buschor Philipp at 4h17'35''
  137. Cueff Stéphane at 4h18'18''
  138. Gaumont Philippe at 4h26'09'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control (2 times) (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2004 : confessions

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Escartin Fernando
  2. Zberg Beat
  3. Luttenberger Peter
  4. Blanco Gil Santiago
  5. Bourguignon Thierry
  6. Simon François
  7. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
  8. Laukka Joona
  9. Vasseur Cédric
  10. Gougot Fabrice
  11. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  12. Lelli Massimiliano
  13. Mengin Christophe
  14. Breukink Erik
  15. Guerini Giuseppe
  16. De Los Angeles Juan-josé
  17. Alonso Marino
  18. Jonker Patrick
  19. Den Bakker Maarten
  20. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
  21. Benitez Esbri Francisco
  22. Sgnaolin Daniele
  23. Zen Marco
  24. Vidal Jose-angel
  25. Arroyo Miguel
  26. Sierra Roberto
  27. Pellicioli Oscar
  28. Rault Dominique
  29. Mauleon Javier
  30. Valoti Gianluca
  31. Baranowski Dariusz
  32. Gouvenou Thierry
  33. Peeters Wilfried
  34. Van Hyfte Paul
  35. Artunghi Marco
  36. Chaurreau Inigo
  37. Kasputis Arturas
  38. Agnolutto Christophe
  39. Saligari Marco
  40. Vogels Henk (aus)
  41. Traversoni Mario
  42. Genty Laurent
  43. Fagnini Gianmatteo
  44. Pretot Arnaud
  45. Guesdon Frédéric
  46. Rinero Christophe
  47. Mcewen Robbie
  48. Baffi Adriano
  49. Scinto Luca
  50. Garcia Alonso Marcelino
  51. Aus Lauri
  52. De Vries Gerrit
  53. Finco Carlo
  54. Deramé Pascal
  55. Tosatto Mauro Matteo
  56. Jalabert Nicolas
  57. Schmidt Torsten
  58. Buschor Philipp
  59. Cueff Stéphane


List of doping cases during the race

Rider Product Race Year Sanction Control
Abdoujaparov Djamolidine Bromantan + Clenbuterol Tour de France 1997 Oui Contrôle positif
Ullrich Jan Tour de France 1997 Non Aveux en 2013


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

TEAM DEUTSCHE TELEKOM

23 years of existence, 48 cases, ie 2,09 per year

1. Riis Bjarne Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
2. Aldag Rolf Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
3. Bolts Udo Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
4. Henn Christian Red card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
5. Heppner Jens Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
6. Lombardi Giovanni Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
7. Totschnig Georg Yellow card 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
8. Ullrich Jan Red card 1995 : aveux en 2023 (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control ; 2005 : judicial investigation
9. Zabel Erik Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

FESTINA Watches

12 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 2,58 per year

11. Virenque Richard Red card 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
12. Bortolami Gianluca Red card 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
13. Brochard Laurent Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
14. Dufaux Laurent Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
15. Hervé Pascal Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
16. Laukka Joona
17. Moreau Christophe Red card 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : medical control
18. Rous Didier Red card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998
19. Stephens Neil Yellow card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)

MAPEI-GB

32 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,81 per year

21. Museeuw Johan Red card 2003 : judicial investigation ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
22. Camenzind Oscar Red card 2004 : positive control
23. Fois Valentino Red card 1997 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control
24. Jaskula Zenon Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
25. Nardello Daniele Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
26. Peeters Wilfried
27. Steels Tom Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
28. Tafi Andrea Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
29. Vandenbroucke Franck Red card 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test and confessions in 2008 ; 2002 : in the act ; 2008 : police investigation

ONCE

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

31. Jalabert Laurent Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
32. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
33. Etxebarria David Red card 2004 : positive control
34. Garcia Alonso Marcelino
35. Garmendia Aitor Red card 1998 : blood test
36. Mauleon Javier
37. Sierra Roberto
38. Zarrabeitia Mikel
39. Zülle Alex Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)

MG.TECHNOGYM

41. Bartoli Michele Yellow card 2006 : police investigation (no penalty)
42. Baldato Fabio
43. Finco Carlo
44. Fontanelli Fabiano Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
45. Lecchi Angelo
46. Loda Nicola Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
47. Scinto Luca
48. Simoni Gilberto Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
49. Tosatto Mauro Matteo

Team POLTI

18 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,56 per year

51. Leblanc Luc Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
52. Brasi Rossano Red card 2000 : blood test
53. Chaurreau Inigo
54. Crepaldi Mirko Yellow card 2018 : police investigation (sanction not known)
55. De Vries Gerrit
56. Gualdi Mirko
57. Guerini Giuseppe
58. Ouchakov Sergueï Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control
59. Valoti Gianluca

COFIDIS

29 years of existence, 23 cases, ie 0,79 per year

61. Rominger Tony Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
62. Andreu Frankie Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
63. Desbiens Laurent Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
64. Gaumont Philippe Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control (2 times) (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2004 : confessions
65. Jalabert Nicolas
66. Julich Bobby Red card 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
67. Livingston Kevin Yellow card 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
68. Rinero Christophe
69. Saugrain Cyril

LA FRANCAISE DES JEUX

28 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,5 per year

71. Gianetti Mauro Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
72. Guesdon Frédéric
73. Heulot Stéphane Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (no penalty)
74. Mengin Christophe
75. Nazon Damien
76. Peron Andrea Yellow card 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
77. Rebellin Davide Red card 2008 : positive control
78. Sciandri Maximilian Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
79. Vanzella Flavio Red card 1986 : positive control

ROSLOTTO-ZG MOBILI

9 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,11 per year

81. Gontchenkov Alexandre
82. Djavanian Viatcheslav
83. Fincato Marco
84. Kokorine Vitaly
85. Padrnos Pavel Yellow card 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
86. Schmidt Torsten
87. Sgnaolin Daniele
88. Strazzer Massimo Yellow card 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
89. Zen Marco

GAN

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

91. Boardman Chris
92. Moncassin Frédéric Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
93. O'grady Stuart Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
94. Poli Eros Red card 1986 : positive control
95. Pretot Arnaud
96. Rue Gérard
97. Simon François
98. Vasseur Cédric
99. Vogels Henk (aus)

TVM

101. Den Bakker Maarten
102. Blijlevens Jeroen Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
103. Hamburger Bo Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
104. Hoffman Tristan Yellow card 1998 : positive control (no penalty)
105. Knaven Servais Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
106. Roux Laurent Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act
107. Skibby Jesper Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
108. Van Petegem Peter Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
109. Voskamp Bertus Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)

SAECO-ESTRO

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

111. Gotti Ivan Red card 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
112. Buschor Philipp
113. Casagrande Francesco Red card 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
114. Cipollini Mario Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
115. Fagnini Gianmatteo
116. Fornaciari Paolo
117. Frigo Dario Red card 1996 : confessions in 2001 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2001 ; 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
118. Furlan Giorgio Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
119. Lelli Massimiliano

RABOBANK

41 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 0,61 per year

121. Luttenberger Peter
122. Boogerd Michael Red card 2005 : confessions in 2013
123. Breukink Erik
124. Dekker Erik Red card 1999 : positive control
125. Jonker Patrick
126. Mcewen Robbie
127. Nelissen Danny Yellow card 1996 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
128. Sorensen Rolf Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
129. Van Bon Leon

CASINO C'est votre équipe

131. Elli Alberto Red card 2001 : in the act
132. Agnolutto Christophe
133. Aus Lauri
134. Chanteur Pascal Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
135. Gougot Fabrice
136. Jaermann Rolf Yellow card 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
137. Kasputis Arturas
138. Kirsipuu Jan Yellow card 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
139. Saligari Marco

BATIK-DEL MONTE

5 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 2,6 per year

141. Berzin Evgueni Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
142. Brognara Andrea
143. Cenghialta Bruno Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
144. Colombo Luca Red card 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
145. Frattini Francesco
146. Minali Nicola Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
147. Odriozola Mugarza Jon Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
148. Pierobon Gianluca Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
149. Tartaggia Giuseppe Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)

BANESTO

45 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,64 per year

151. Olano Abraham Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
152. Alonso Marino
153. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
154. Beltran Manuel Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
155. Blanco Gil Santiago
156. Casero Angel Yellow card 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
157. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
158. Jimenez José-maria Yellow card 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
159. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio

LOTTO-MOBISTAR-ISOGLASS

41 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,34 per year

161. Madouas Laurent Red card 1994 : positive control
163. Farazijn Peter Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
164. Planckaert Jo Red card 2004 : judicial investigation
165. Salmon Benoit
166. Tchmil Andrei
167. Teteriouk Andrei
168. Van Hyfte Paul
169. Wauters Marc

KELME-COSTA BLANCA-EUROSPORT

171. Escartin Fernando
172. Benitez Esbri Francisco
173. Buenahora Hernan Red card 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
174. Cabello Francisco Red card 1994 : positive control (5 times)
175. De Los Angeles Juan-josé
176. Gonzales Arsenio
177. Gonzalez-pico José-jaime Red card 2001 : in the act
178. Pascual Rodriguez Javier Red card 2003 : positive control
179. Vidal Jose-angel

MERCATONE-UNO

181. Pantani Marco Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
182. Artunghi Marco
183. Conti Roberto Red card 2002 : in the act
184. Pellicioli Oscar
185. Piovacchari Giusvan
186. Podenzana Massimo Red card 1986 : positive control
187. Siboni Marcello Red card 2001 : in the act
188. Traversoni Mario
189. Zberg Beat

U.S POSTAL SERVICE

17 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 1,71 per year

191. Ekimov Viatcheslav
192. Baffi Adriano
193. Baranowski Dariusz
194. Deramé Pascal
195. Hamilton Tyler Red card 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
196. Hincapie George Red card 1996 : confessions in 2012
197. Jemison Marty Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
198. Meinert-nielsen Peter Red card 1993 : positive control
199. Robin Jean-cyril Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)

LA MUTUELLE DE SEINE ET MARNE

201. Dojwa Jean-philippe
202. Anti Jean-françois
203. Cueff Stéphane
204. Delrieu David
205. Fraser Gordon
206. Lamour Claude Red card 1993 : positive control
207. Maignan Gilles
208. Pillon Laurent
209. Rault Dominique

BIG.MAT-AUBER 93

32 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,25 per year

211. Lino Pascal Red card 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
212. Arroyo Miguel
213. Auger Ludovic
214. Bourguignon Thierry
215. Genty Laurent
216. Gouvenou Thierry
217. Lance Pascal
218. Morin Anthony Yellow card 1997 : police investigation (no penalty)
219. Talmant Gilles

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


Revue de presse du Tour de France 1997


See also