Tour de France 1999 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 20/08/2022

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Cofidis 9 6 0 0 0 0
Mercatone Uno 9 5 0 0 0 0
Telekom 9 5 0 0 0 0
Mapei 9 5 1 1 0 0
Rabobank 9 3 0 0 0 0
ONCE 9 5 2 2 0 0
Polti 9 5 1 1 0 0
Saeco 9 7 1 1 0 0
Lotto 9 2 0 0 0 0
Casino 9 4 0 0 0 0
Lampre 9 4 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 4 1 0 1 0
Vitalicio 9 5 1 1 0 0
Crédit Agricole 9 1 0 0 0 0
Festina 9 4 1 0 0 0
La Française des Jeux 9 4 0 0 0 0
Banesto 9 7 1 1 1 1
Cantina Tollo 9 5 0 0 0 0
US Postal 9 8 1 1 1 1
BigMat 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 180 91 10 8 3 2
Pourcentage 51% 80% 67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :



The official ranking

Ranking source : http://www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Armstrong Lance in 91h32'16'' - 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty)
  2. Zülle Alex at 0h07'37'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  3. Escartin Fernando at 0h10'26''
  4. Dufaux Laurent at 0h14'43'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
  5. Casero Angel at 0h15'11'' - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
  6. Olano Abraham at 0h16'47'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  7. Nardello Daniele at 0h17'02'' - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  8. Virenque Richard at 0h17'28'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  9. Belli Wladimir at 0h17'37''
  10. Peron Andrea at 0h23'10'' - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
  11. Van De Wouwer Kurt at 0h23'32''
  12. Etxebarria David at 0h26'41'' - 2004 : positive control
  13. Hamilton Tyler at 0h26'53'' - 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
  14. Heulot Stéphane at 0h27'58''
  15. Meier Roland at 0h28'44'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
  16. Salmon Benoit at 0h28'59''
  17. Elli Alberto at 0h33'39'' - 2001 : in the act
  18. Lanfranchi Paolo at 0h34'14''
  19. Contreras Carlos-alberto at 0h34'53''
  20. Totschnig Georg at 0h37'10'' - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  21. Aerts Mario at 0h39'21''
  22. Guerini Giuseppe at 0h39'29''
  23. Faresin Gianni at 0h40'28'' - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  24. Gonzales De Galdeano Alvaro at 0h43'39'' - 2000 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  25. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio at 0h45'03'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  26. Garcia Rodriguez Francisco-tomas at 0h45'31'' - 2001 : positive control
  27. Moreau Christophe at 0h45'34'' - 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : medical control
  28. Mancebo Francisco at 0h50'31'' - 2006 : police investigation
  29. Perez Rodriguez Luis at 0h52'53''
  30. Simon François at 0h53'21''
  31. Meier Armin at 1h00'10'' - 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair
  32. Garzelli Stefano at 1h00'45'' - 2002 : positive control
  33. Pascual Rodriguez Javier at 1h01'20'' - 2003 : positive control
  34. Lelli Massimiliano at 1h01'27''
  35. Vinokourov Alexandre at 1h02'23'' - 2004 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control
  36. Livingston Kevin at 1h06'10'' - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  37. Castelblanco Jose at 1h08'05'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control
  38. Commesso Salvatore at 1h09'15'' - 2001 : in the act
  39. Solaun Solana César at 1h10'01'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  40. Bolts Udo at 1h11'51'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  41. De Wolf Steve at 1h11'54'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  42. Bessy Frédéric at 1h15'26''
  43. Pena Miguel Angel at 1h19'26''
  44. Madouas Laurent at 1h20'42'' - 1994 : positive control
  45. Verheyen Geert at 1h23'24''
  46. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis at 1h24'29'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  47. Cerezo Perales Francisco at 1h26'50''
  48. Bourguignon Thierry at 1h27'43''
  49. Fernandez Gines Manuel at 1h30'20''
  50. Piccoli Mariano at 1h31'21'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  51. Lebreton Lylian at 1h32'51'' - 1994 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  52. Robin Jean-cyril at 1h33'14'' - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  53. Fincato Marco at 1h36'57''
  54. Odriozola Mugarza Jon at 1h41'55'' - 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  55. Serpellini Marco at 1h42'04'' - 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  56. Boogerd Michael at 1h42'22'' - 2005 : confessions in 2013
  57. Jeker Fabian at 1h42'25''
  58. Diaz Justo Rafael at 1h43'36''
  59. Gomez Gonzalo José Javier at 1h45'50''
  60. Voigt Jens at 1h47'47''
  61. Gonzalez Capilla Santos at 1h48'21'' - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
  62. Konyshev Dimitri at 1h49'10''
  63. Farazijn Peter at 1h55'01'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  64. Buenahora Hernan at 1h55'33'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  65. Andreu Frankie at 1h59'01'' - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  66. Cattai Stefano at 1h59'49''
  67. Oriol Christophe at 2h01'06''
  68. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente at 2h01'46''
  69. Gougot Fabrice at 2h02'05''
  70. Mengin Christophe at 2h04'03''
  71. Verbrugghe Rik at 2h04'31''
  72. Lotz Marc at 2h08'08'' - 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
  73. Wesemann Steffen at 2h09'22''
  74. Goubert Stéphane at 2h10'58''
  75. Rebollo Jose-luis at 2h12'57''
  76. Indurain Prudencio at 2h14'15''
  77. Brochard Laurent at 2h14'42'' - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  78. Hincapie George at 2h16'35'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012
  79. Rinero Christophe at 2h16'35''
  80. Jaksche Jörg at 2h16'44'' - 1999 : police investigation ; 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  81. Mondini Gianpaolo at 2h17'34'' - 2001 : in the act
  82. Maignan Gilles at 2h18'02''
  83. Vasseur Cédric at 2h18'23''
  84. Den Bakker Maarten at 2h19'03''
  85. Vandevelde Christian at 2h23'58'' - 1999 : confessions in 2012 ; 2004 : confessions in 2012 ; 2004 : confessions in 2012
  86. Otxoa Javier at 2h24'14'' - 1999 : positive control
  87. Forconi Riccardo at 2h25'02'' - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
  88. Lefèvre Laurent at 2h25'08''
  89. Zabel Erik at 2h26'01'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  90. Rault Dominique at 2h27'17''
  91. Chanteur Pascal at 2h28'00'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  92. Aggiano Elio at 2h28'33''
  93. Sivakov Alexei at 2h29'40''
  94. O'grady Stuart at 2h30'07'' - 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  95. Giunti Massimo at 2h30'25'' - 2010 : positive control
  96. Gouvenou Thierry at 2h32'11''
  97. Jonker Patrick at 2h32'20''
  98. Navas Chica David at 2h33'31'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  99. Sacchi Fabio at 2h33'39'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2002 : in the act
  100. Desbiens Laurent at 2h34'01'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  101. Vidal Jose-angel at 2h34'22''
  102. Hernandez Jaime at 2h36'04''
  103. Bramati Davide at 2h36'15''
  104. Steels Tom at 2h36'28'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  105. Morin Anthony at 2h36'37''
  106. Guesdon Frédéric at 2h37'27''
  107. Dekker Erik at 2h38'05'' - 1999 : positive control
  108. De Waele Fabien at 2h39'21''
  109. Zberg Beat at 2h39'29''
  110. Hundertmarck Kai at 2h39'32''
  111. Auger Ludovic at 2h39'38''
  112. Wuyts Peter at 2h39'50''
  113. Pinotti Marco at 2h40'00''
  114. Martinello Silvio at 2h43'14''
  115. Capelle Christophe at 2h45'17''
  116. Michaelsen Lars at 0h00'59'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  117. Lamour Claude at 2h46'26'' - 1993 : positive control
  118. Huser Rolf at 2h47'27''
  119. Boardman Chris at 2h47'48''
  120. Crepaldi Mirko at 2h49'14'' - 2018 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  121. Vogels Henk (aus) at 2h49'17''
  122. Mcewen Robbie at 2h49'23''
  123. Hinault Sébastien at 2h51'03''
  124. Barbero Sergio at 2h51'09'' - 2001 : positive control
  125. Colombo Gabriele at 2h51'43''
  126. Da Cruz Carlos at 2h51'48''
  127. Brasi Rossano at 2h52'01'' - 2000 : blood test
  128. Marichal Thierry at 2h54'06'' - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  129. De Los Angeles Juan-josé at 2h54'40''
  130. Demarbaix Sebastien at 2h58'32''
  131. Ljungqvist Marcus at 3h00'09''
  132. Langella Anthony at 3h02'20''
  133. Leysen Bart at 3h03'11''
  134. Napolitano Massimiliano at 3h05'09''
  135. Horrillo Munoz Pedro at 3h05'31'' - 2007 : positive control (no penalty)
  136. Schaffrath Jan at 3h05'41''
  137. Mazzanti Luca at 3h06'28''
  138. Baronti Alessandro at 3h07'07'' - 2003 : positive control
  139. Loder Thierry at 3h11'55''
  140. Deramé Pascal at 3h14'19''
  141. Durand Jacky at 3h19'09'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Escartin Fernando
  2. Belli Wladimir
  3. Van De Wouwer Kurt
  4. Heulot Stéphane
  5. Salmon Benoit
  6. Lanfranchi Paolo
  7. Contreras Carlos-alberto
  8. Aerts Mario
  9. Guerini Giuseppe
  10. Perez Rodriguez Luis
  11. Simon François
  12. Lelli Massimiliano
  13. Bessy Frédéric
  14. Pena Miguel Angel
  15. Verheyen Geert
  16. Cerezo Perales Francisco
  17. Bourguignon Thierry
  18. Fernandez Gines Manuel
  19. Fincato Marco
  20. Jeker Fabian
  21. Diaz Justo Rafael
  22. Gomez Gonzalo José Javier
  23. Voigt Jens
  24. Konyshev Dimitri
  25. Cattai Stefano
  26. Oriol Christophe
  27. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
  28. Gougot Fabrice
  29. Mengin Christophe
  30. Verbrugghe Rik
  31. Wesemann Steffen
  32. Goubert Stéphane
  33. Rebollo Jose-luis
  34. Indurain Prudencio
  35. Rinero Christophe
  36. Maignan Gilles
  37. Vasseur Cédric
  38. Den Bakker Maarten
  39. Lefèvre Laurent
  40. Rault Dominique
  41. Aggiano Elio
  42. Sivakov Alexei
  43. Gouvenou Thierry
  44. Jonker Patrick
  45. Vidal Jose-angel
  46. Hernandez Jaime
  47. Bramati Davide
  48. Morin Anthony
  49. Guesdon Frédéric
  50. De Waele Fabien
  51. Zberg Beat
  52. Hundertmarck Kai
  53. Auger Ludovic
  54. Wuyts Peter
  55. Pinotti Marco
  56. Martinello Silvio
  57. Capelle Christophe
  58. Huser Rolf
  59. Boardman Chris
  60. Vogels Henk (aus)
  61. Mcewen Robbie
  62. Hinault Sébastien
  63. Colombo Gabriele
  64. Da Cruz Carlos
  65. De Los Angeles Juan-josé
  66. Demarbaix Sebastien
  67. Ljungqvist Marcus
  68. Langella Anthony
  69. Leysen Bart
  70. Napolitano Massimiliano
  71. Schaffrath Jan
  72. Mazzanti Luca
  73. Loder Thierry
  74. Deramé Pascal



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Cofidis

1. Julich Bobby - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
2. De Wolf Steve - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
3. Desbiens Laurent - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
4. Farazijn Peter - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
5. Lamour Claude - 1993 : positive control
6. Lelli Massimiliano
7. Loder Thierry
8. Meier Roland - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
9. Rinero Christophe

Mercatone Uno

7 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 2,71 per year

11. Garzelli Stefano - 2002 : positive control
12. Artunghi Marco
13. Barbero Sergio - 2001 : positive control
14. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
15. Coppolillo Michele - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
16. Fincato Marco
17. Forconi Riccardo - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
18. Konyshev Dimitri
19. Napolitano Massimiliano

Telekom

23 years of existence, 38 cases, ie 1,65 per year

21. Zabel Erik - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 and 2013 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
22. Bolts Udo - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
23. Elli Alberto - 2001 : in the act
24. Guerini Giuseppe
25. Hundertmarck Kai
26. Jaksche Jörg - 1999 : police investigation ; 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
27. Schaffrath Jan
28. Totschnig Georg - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
29. Wesemann Steffen

Mapei

30 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,87 per year

31. Tonkov Pavel - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
32. Bramati Davide
33. Faresin Gianni - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
34. Fernandez Gines Manuel
35. Lanfranchi Paolo
36. Leysen Bart
37. Merckx Axel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
38. Nardello Daniele - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
39. Steels Tom - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Rabobank

39 years of existence, 24 cases, ie 0,62 per year

41. Boogerd Michael - 2005 : confessions in 2013
42. Dekker Erik - 1999 : positive control
43. Den Bakker Maarten
44. Jonker Patrick
45. Lotz Marc - 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
46. Mcewen Robbie
47. Van Bon Leon
48. Wauters Marc
49. Zberg Beat

ONCE

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

51. Olano Abraham - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
52. Diaz Justo Rafael
53. Etxebarria David - 2004 : positive control
54. Garcia Alonso Marcelino
55. Gonzalez Capilla Santos - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
56. Perez Rodriguez Luis
57. Peron Andrea - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
58. Rebollo Jose-luis
59. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Polti

61. Gotti Ivan - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
62. Brasi Rossano - 2000 : blood test
63. Cattai Stefano
64. Crepaldi Mirko - 2018 : police investigation (sanction not known)
65. Goubert Stéphane
66. Martinello Silvio
67. Pellicioli Oscar
68. Sacchi Fabio - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2002 : in the act
69. Virenque Richard - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)

Saeco

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

71. Cipollini Mario - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
72. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
73. Commesso Salvatore - 2001 : in the act
74. Dufaux Laurent - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
75. Fagnini Gianmatteo
76. Meier Armin - 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair
77. Savoldelli Paolo - 2005 : disciplinary investigation
78. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
79. Secchiari Francesco

Lotto

81. Aerts Mario
82. De Waele Fabien
83. Demarbaix Sebastien
84. Durand Jacky - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
85. Marichal Thierry - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
86. Van De Wouwer Kurt
87. Verbrugghe Rik
88. Verheyen Geert
89. Wuyts Peter

Casino

91. Vinokourov Alexandre - 2004 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control
92. Barthe Stéphane - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
93. Bessy Frédéric
94. Chanteur Pascal - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
95. Gougot Fabrice
96. Kirsipuu Jan - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
97. Maignan Gilles
98. Oriol Christophe
99. Salmon Benoit

Lampre

24 years of existence, 34 cases, ie 1,42 per year

101. Serpellini Marco - 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
102. Belohvosciks Raivis
103. Dierckxsens Ludo - 1999 : confessions in 1999
104. Padrnos Pavel - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
105. Piccoli Mariano - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
106. Pinotti Marco
107. Spruch Zbigniew
108. Svorada Jan
109. Verstrepen Johan

Kelme

36 years of existence, 27 cases, ie 0,75 per year

111. Escartin Fernando
112. Castelblanco Jose - 1996 : positive control ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control
113. Contreras Carlos-alberto
114. De Los Angeles Juan-josé
115. Gomez Gonzalo José Javier
116. Otxoa Javier - 1999 : positive control
117. Pascual Llorente Javier - 2003 : positive control
118. Pascual Rodriguez Javier - 2003 : positive control
119. Vidal Jose-angel

Vitalicio

3 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1,33 per year

121. Casero Angel - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
122. Aggiano Elio
123. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
124. Cerezo Perales Francisco
125. Garcia Rodriguez Francisco-tomas - 2001 : positive control
126. Gonzales De Galdeano Alvaro - 2000 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
127. Horrillo Munoz Pedro - 2007 : positive control (no penalty)
128. Indurain Prudencio
129. Salmeron Gines

Crédit Agricole

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

131. Simon François
132. Backstedt Magnus
133. Boardman Chris
134. Hinault Sébastien
135. Langella Anthony
136. O'grady Stuart - 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
137. Vasseur Cédric
138. Vogels Henk (aus)
139. Voigt Jens

Festina

12 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 2,58 per year

141. Belli Wladimir
142. Brochard Laurent - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
143. Hernandez Jaime
144. Huser Rolf
145. Jeker Fabian
146. Lefèvre Laurent
147. Madouas Laurent - 1994 : positive control
148. Moreau Christophe - 1996 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions (no penalty) ; 2008 : medical control
149. Rous Didier - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998

La Française des Jeux

26 years of existence, 12 cases, ie 0,46 per year

151. Robin Jean-cyril - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
152. Bassons Christophe - 2012 : absence to control (no penalty)
153. Casper Jimmy - 2007 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control (no penalty)
154. Guesdon Frédéric
155. Heulot Stéphane
156. Mengin Christophe
157. Michaelsen Lars - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
158. Morin Anthony
159. Nazon Damien

Banesto

43 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,67 per year

161. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
162. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
163. Beltran Manuel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
164. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
165. Mancebo Francisco - 2006 : police investigation
166. Navas Chica David - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
167. Odriozola Mugarza Jon - 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
168. Pena Miguel Angel
169. Solaun Solana César - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)

Cantina Tollo

12 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 1,33 per year

171. Hamburger Bo - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
172. Baronti Alessandro - 2003 : positive control
173. Colombo Gabriele
174. Di Biase Moreno
175. Giunti Massimo - 2010 : positive control
176. Ljungqvist Marcus
177. Mazzanti Luca
178. Minali Nicola - 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
179. Mondini Gianpaolo - 2001 : in the act

US Postal

17 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,18 per year

181. Armstrong Lance - 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty)
182. Andreu Frankie - 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
183. Deramé Pascal
184. Hamilton Tyler - 1997 : confessions in 2012 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control, confessions in 2011 (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control ; 2009 : positive control and confessions in 2009
185. Hincapie George - 1996 : confessions in 2012
186. Livingston Kevin - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
187. Meinert-nielsen Peter - 1993 : positive control
188. Vandevelde Christian - 1999 : confessions in 2012 ; 2004 : confessions in 2012 ; 2004 : confessions in 2012
189. Vaughters Jonathan - 1996 : confessions in 2012 (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)

BigMat

30 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 0,23 per year

191. Auger Ludovic
192. Bourguignon Thierry
193. Capelle Christophe
194. Da Cruz Carlos
195. Gouvenou Thierry
196. Lebreton Lylian - 1994 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
197. Rault Dominique
198. Sivakov Alexei
199. Sweet Jay - 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)



See also