Tour de France 1988 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
CARRERA 9 3 0 0 0 0
P.D.M 9 9 1 1 1 1
TOSHIBA 9 2 0 0 0 0
SYSTEME U 9 6 1 1 0 0
CAFE DE COLOMBIA 9 1 1 0 0 0
B.H. 9 3 1 0 0 0
7 ELEVEN-HOONVED 9 1 0 0 0 0
CAJA RURAL-ORBEA 9 4 0 0 0 0
HITACHI-BOSAL-B.C.E 9 3 0 0 0 0
CHATEAU D'AX 9 2 0 0 0 0
FAGOR 9 7 0 0 0 0
PANASONIC-ISOSTAR 9 2 1 1 0 0
Z-PEUGEOT 9 1 2 0 0 0
TEKA 9 2 0 0 0 0
KAS-CANAL 10-MAVIC 9 5 0 0 0 0
R.M.O-LIBERIA-MAVIC 9 1 0 0 0 0
SUPERCONFEX-YOKO 9 1 0 0 0 0
REYNOLDS 9 4 1 1 1 1
KELME 9 3 1 0 1 0
WEINMANN-LA SUISSE 9 0 1 0 0 0
A.D.R-MINI FLAT-IOC 9 2 0 0 0 0
SIGMA-FINA-DIAMANT 9 5 0 0 0 0
Total 198 67 10 4 3 2
Pourcentage 34% 40% 67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : http://www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (30/01/2008)

  1. Delgado Pedro in 84h27'53'' Yellow card 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
  2. Rooks Steven at 0h07'13'' Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
  3. Parra Fabio at 0h09'58''
  4. Bauer Steve at 0h12'15''
  5. Boyer Eric at 0h14'04'' Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  6. Herrera Luis at 0h14'36''
  7. Pensec Ronan at 0h16'52''
  8. Pino Counago Alvaro at 0h18'36''
  9. Winnen Peter at 0h19'12'' Yellow card 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
  10. Roux Denis at 0h20'08''
  11. Theunisse Gert-jan at 0h22'46'' Red card 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control
  12. Breukink Erik at 0h23'06''
  13. Cubino Laudelino at 0h23'46'' Yellow card 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  14. Criquielion Claude at 0h24'32'' Yellow card 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
  15. Hampsten Andrew at 0h26'00''
  16. Lejarreta Marino at 0h26'36'' Red card 1985 : positive control
  17. Simon Pascal at 0h28'39'' Red card 1983 : positive control
  18. Caritoux Eric at 0h29'04'' Yellow card 1986 : police control (no penalty)
  19. Simon Jérôme at 0h30'55''
  20. Alcala Gallegos Raul at 0h31'14''
  21. Zadrobilek Gerhard at 0h32'09''
  22. Visentini Roberto at 0h33'23'' Red card 1988 : absence to control
  23. Claveyrolat Thierry at 0h37'49'' Yellow card 1986 : police control (no penalty)
  24. Kuum Janus at 0h38'53''
  25. Echave Musatadi Federico at 0h39'17'' Yellow card 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
  26. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn at 0h39'24''
  27. Muller Jörg (sui) at 0h40'53'' Yellow card 1987 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  28. Vichot Frédéric at 0h42'00''
  29. Stevenhaagen Peter at 0h45'27'' Yellow card 1988 : confessions (no penalty)
  30. Chozas Eduardo at 0h45'45''
  31. Bouvatier Philippe at 0h48'14''
  32. Sergeant Marc at 0h49'24'' Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control
  33. Lauritzen Dag-otto at 0h50'08''
  34. Blanco Villar Jesus at 0h55'28''
  35. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert at 0h57'21'' Yellow card 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
  36. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe at 0h57'57''
  37. Nulens Guy at 0h59'13''
  38. Bagot Jean-claude at 0h59'47''
  39. Bérard Charly at 1h00'08'' Red card 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
  40. Corredor Alvarez Edgar at 1h01'20''
  41. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar at 1h01'28''
  42. Ruttimann Niki at 1h01'43''
  43. Abadie Henri at 1h01'59''
  44. Veldscholten Gérard at 1h02'32''
  45. Kelly Sean at 1h02'54'' Red card 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : positive control
  46. Indurain Miguel at 1h03'15'' Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  47. Arnaud Dominique at 1h07'31''
  48. Corredor Fonseca Israel at 1h07'50''
  49. Wilson Michael at 1h09'31''
  50. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio at 1h09'55''
  51. Rodriguez Magro Jesus at 1h11'17''
  52. Unzaga Bombin Jon at 1h12'17''
  53. Weltz Johnny at 1h12'49'' Yellow card 2000 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  54. Colotti Jean-claude at 1h15'00''
  55. Haex Jozef at 1h15'16'' Red card 1987 : positive control
  56. Sanchez Martinez Mariano at 1h16'06''
  57. Leclercq Jean-claude at 1h17'21''
  58. Yates Sean at 1h17'25'' Yellow card 1989 : positive control (no penalty)
  59. Gorospe Julian at 1h17'33'' Red card 1984 : positive control
  60. Nevens Jan at 1h18'11''
  61. Bugno Gianni at 1h19'09'' Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  62. Mujika Aramburu Jokin at 1h19'15''
  63. Aja Enrique at 1h19'52''
  64. Leleu Philippe at 1h21'51''
  65. Madiot Marc at 1h22'34'' Yellow card 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
  66. Lavainne Christophe at 1h22'34''
  67. Rominger Tony at 1h23'41'' Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  68. Kiefel Ron at 1h23'58''
  69. Leclerc Roland at 1h25'17'' Red card 1989 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 199x : confessions in 2002
  70. Gayant Martial at 1h25'30''
  71. Decrion Jacques at 1h26'44'' Red card 1988 : positive control
  72. Leon Castro Marco-antonio at 1h26'58''
  73. Van Lancker Eric at 1h28'37''
  74. Belda Vicente at 1h29'29'' Red card 1982 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  75. Van Orsouw Marc at 1h30'36'' Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  76. Leali Bruno at 1h30'50'' Red card 2010 : police investigation
  77. Esnault Patrice at 1h30'59''
  78. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 1h32'19''
  79. De Wolf Dirk at 1h33'25''
  80. Brun Frédéric at 1h33'32''
  81. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier at 1h34'00''
  82. Dietzen Raimund at 1h34'25'' Yellow card 1987 : in the act (sanction not known)
  83. Van Der Poel Adrie at 1h34'43'' Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  84. Ghirotto Massimo at 1h35'02''
  85. Vanotti Ennio at 1h36'03''
  86. Dhaenens Rudy at 1h36'16'' Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  87. Bibollet Michel at 1h38'14''
  88. Peeters Ludo at 1h42'47''
  89. Elliott Malcolm at 1h44'27'' Yellow card 1992 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  90. Golz Rolf at 1h44'47''
  91. Da Silva Acacio at 1h45'26'' Red card 1984 : positive control
  92. Garde Dominique at 1h46'44''
  93. Clère Régis at 1h47'13'' Yellow card 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
  94. Kuiper Hennie at 1h49'37''
  95. Wijnants Jan at 1h49'56''
  96. Gonzales Arsenio at 1h50'13''
  97. Marie Thierry at 1h51'11''
  98. Lilholt Soren at 1h51'58'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  99. Rezze Dante at 1h53'03''
  100. Morjean Stefan at 1h54'56''
  101. De Wolf Alfons at 1h55'56''
  102. De Wilde Etienne at 1h57'17'' Yellow card 1987 : positive control (no penalty)
  103. De La Cruz Martinez Roque at 1h57'52'' Yellow card 1988 : positive control (sanction not known)
  104. Phinney Davis at 1h58'08''
  105. Bontempi Guido at 1h59'07'' Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
  106. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan at 2h01'31''
  107. Garnier Frédéric at 2h02'52''
  108. Bergamo Marco at 2h05'43''
  109. Kappes Andreas at 2h06'02'' Red card 1997 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
  110. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador at 2h07'00''
  111. Gaston Crespi Inaki at 2h07'49''
  112. Veggerby Jens at 2h09'27'' Red card 1993 : positive control
  113. Murguialday Javier at 2h09'32''
  114. Planckaert Eddy at 2h09'34'' Red card 1988 : positive control ; 1991 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
  115. Camarillo Angel at 2h10'29''
  116. Prieto Celestino at 2h11'16''
  117. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 2h11'42''
  118. Hanegraaf Jaak at 2h12'11''
  119. Pelier Joël at 2h13'28'' Red card 1988 : positive control
  120. Antequera Francisco at 2h13'55''
  121. Nijdam Jelle at 2h15'59''
  122. Simon Régis at 2h18'18''
  123. Hoste Frank at 2h18'50''
  124. Achermann Alfred at 2h19'26'' Yellow card 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
  125. Maassen Frans at 2h19'43''
  126. Poels Twan at 2h20'02''
  127. Dominguez Diaz Manuel-jorge at 2h20'59'' Red card 1992 : positive control
  128. Casado Philippe at 2h21'31''
  129. Lammerts Johan at 2h23'17''
  130. Martens René at 2h24'52''
  131. Solleveld Gerrit at 2h26'56''
  132. Vermote Michel at 2h27'00''
  133. Martinez Oliver Juan at 2h27'44''
  134. Bishop Andy at 2h29'00'' Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  135. Maechler Erich at 2h29'37''
  136. Van Slycke Rik at 2h33'03'' Red card 1988 : positive control
  137. Van Poppel Jean-paul at 2h35'09''
  138. Jurco Milan at 2h35'45''
  139. Bolts Hartmut at 2h36'26''
  140. Magnago Walter at 2h37'52''
  141. Zanatta Stefano at 2h38'23''
  142. Verhoeven Nico at 2h42'20''
  143. Dahlberg Nathan at 2h42'46''
  144. Jakobs Gert at 2h45'28'' Red card 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
  145. Tabai Marco at 2h46'16''
  146. Hermans Mathieu at 2h48'53'' Yellow card 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
  147. Heynderickx Jean-pierre at 2h54'07''
  148. Demol Dirk at 2h55'18''
  149. Talen John at 3h05'02''
  150. Wayenberg Dirk at 3h28'41''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Parra Fabio
  2. Bauer Steve
  3. Herrera Luis
  4. Pensec Ronan
  5. Pino Counago Alvaro
  6. Roux Denis
  7. Breukink Erik
  8. Hampsten Andrew
  9. Simon Jérôme
  10. Alcala Gallegos Raul
  11. Zadrobilek Gerhard
  12. Kuum Janus
  13. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
  14. Vichot Frédéric
  15. Chozas Eduardo
  16. Bouvatier Philippe
  17. Lauritzen Dag-otto
  18. Blanco Villar Jesus
  19. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
  20. Nulens Guy
  21. Bagot Jean-claude
  22. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
  23. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
  24. Ruttimann Niki
  25. Abadie Henri
  26. Veldscholten Gérard
  27. Arnaud Dominique
  28. Corredor Fonseca Israel
  29. Wilson Michael
  30. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio
  31. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
  32. Unzaga Bombin Jon
  33. Colotti Jean-claude
  34. Sanchez Martinez Mariano
  35. Leclercq Jean-claude
  36. Nevens Jan
  37. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
  38. Aja Enrique
  39. Leleu Philippe
  40. Lavainne Christophe
  41. Kiefel Ron
  42. Gayant Martial
  43. Leon Castro Marco-antonio
  44. Van Lancker Eric
  45. Esnault Patrice
  46. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  47. De Wolf Dirk
  48. Brun Frédéric
  49. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier
  50. Ghirotto Massimo
  51. Vanotti Ennio
  52. Bibollet Michel
  53. Peeters Ludo
  54. Golz Rolf
  55. Garde Dominique
  56. Kuiper Hennie
  57. Wijnants Jan
  58. Gonzales Arsenio
  59. Marie Thierry
  60. Rezze Dante
  61. Morjean Stefan
  62. De Wolf Alfons
  63. Phinney Davis
  64. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
  65. Garnier Frédéric
  66. Bergamo Marco
  67. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador
  68. Gaston Crespi Inaki
  69. Murguialday Javier
  70. Camarillo Angel
  71. Prieto Celestino
  72. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  73. Hanegraaf Jaak
  74. Antequera Francisco
  75. Nijdam Jelle
  76. Simon Régis
  77. Hoste Frank
  78. Maassen Frans
  79. Poels Twan
  80. Casado Philippe
  81. Lammerts Johan
  82. Martens René
  83. Solleveld Gerrit
  84. Vermote Michel
  85. Martinez Oliver Juan
  86. Maechler Erich
  87. Van Poppel Jean-paul
  88. Jurco Milan
  89. Bolts Hartmut
  90. Magnago Walter
  91. Zanatta Stefano
  92. Verhoeven Nico
  93. Dahlberg Nathan
  94. Tabai Marco
  95. Heynderickx Jean-pierre
  96. Demol Dirk
  97. Talen John
  98. Wayenberg Dirk


List of doping cases during the race

Rider Product Race Year Sanction Control
Bishop Andy Bentelan Tour de France 1988 Non Enquête journalistique
De La Cruz Martinez Roque Testostérone Tour de France 1988 NSP* Contrôle positif
Delgado Pedro Probénécide Tour de France 1988 Non Contrôle positif
Dhaenens Rudy Célestene, Bentelan, Neoton Tour de France 1988 Non Enquête journalistique
Janssen Peter Expérience avec cortisone Tour de France 1988 Oui Aveux en 1991
Muller Jörg (SUI) Célestene, Bentelan Tour de France 1988 Non Enquête journalistique
Rooks Steven Célestene, Esafosfina, Neoton Tour de France 1988 Non Enquête journalistique
Stevenhaagen Peter Célestene, Bentelan Tour de France 1988 Non Aveux
Theunisse Gert-Jan Bentelan, Célestene, Esafosfina Tour de France 1988 Non Enquête journalistique
Theunisse Gert-Jan Testostérone Tour de France 1988 Oui Contrôle positif
Van Der Poel Adrie Bentelan Tour de France 1988 Non Enquête journalistique
Van Orsouw Marc Célestene Tour de France 1988 Non Enquête journalistique

* Sanction not known


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

CARRERA

21 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,52 per year

1. Zimmermann Urs
2. Bergamo Marco
3. Bontempi Guido Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
4. Ghirotto Massimo
5. Leali Bruno Red card 2010 : police investigation
6. Maechler Erich
7. Magnago Walter
8. Tabai Marco
9. Visentini Roberto Red card 1988 : absence to control

P.D.M

7 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 2,29 per year

11. Rooks Steven Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
12. Bishop Andy Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
13. Dhaenens Rudy Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
14. Knetemann Gerrie Yellow card 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
15. Muller Jörg (sui) Yellow card 1987 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
16. Stevenhaagen Peter Yellow card 1988 : confessions (no penalty)
17. Theunisse Gert-jan Red card 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control
18. Van Der Poel Adrie Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
19. Van Orsouw Marc Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)

TOSHIBA

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

21. Bernard Jean-françois
22. Garnier Frédéric
23. Gayant Martial
24. Hanegraaf Jaak
25. Kappes Andreas Red card 1997 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
26. Lammerts Johan
27. Leleu Philippe
28. Madiot Marc Yellow card 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
29. Madiot Yvon

SYSTEME U

24 years of existence, 22 cases, ie 0,92 per year

31. Fignon Laurent Red card 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
32. Boyer Eric Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
33. Decrion Jacques Red card 1988 : positive control
34. Garde Dominique
35. Lavainne Christophe
36. Marie Thierry
37. Mottet Charly Yellow card 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
38. Pelier Joël Red card 1988 : positive control
39. Simon Pascal Red card 1983 : positive control

CAFE DE COLOMBIA

6 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,17 per year

41. Herrera Luis
42. Cabrera Samuel Red card 2004 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
43. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
44. Cardenas Ordus Henry
45. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
46. Corredor Fonseca Israel
47. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio
48. Leon Castro Marco-antonio
49. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso

B.H.

15 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,67 per year

51. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
52. Antequera Francisco
53. Bouvatier Philippe
54. Cubino Laudelino Yellow card 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
55. Dominguez Diaz Manuel-jorge Red card 1992 : positive control
56. Echave Musatadi Federico Yellow card 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
57. Murguialday Javier
58. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
59. Pino Counago Alvaro

7 ELEVEN-HOONVED

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

61. Hampsten Andrew
62. Alcala Gallegos Raul
63. Kiefel Ron
64. Knickman Roy
65. Lauritzen Dag-otto
66. Phinney Davis
67. Pierce Jeff
68. Dahlberg Nathan
69. Veggerby Jens Red card 1993 : positive control

CAJA RURAL-ORBEA

12 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,25 per year

71. Lejarreta Marino Red card 1985 : positive control
72. Beuker Rene
73. De La Cruz Martinez Roque Yellow card 1988 : positive control (sanction not known)
74. Hermans Mathieu Yellow card 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
75. Leclerc Roland Red card 1989 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 199x : confessions in 2002
76. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
77. Nijboer Erwin
78. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
79. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador

HITACHI-BOSAL-B.C.E

81. Criquielion Claude Yellow card 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
82. Bruyère Bruno
83. De Wolf Dirk
84. Haex Jozef Red card 1987 : positive control
85. Morjean Stefan
86. Sergeant Marc Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control
87. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
88. Veenstra Wiebren
89. Wijnants Jan

CHATEAU D'AX

91. Bugno Gianni Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
92. Amadio Roberto
93. Giuliani Stefano
94. Jurco Milan
95. Pozzi Alessandro 1
96. Rominger Tony Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
97. Tebaldi Valerio
98. Vanotti Ennio
99. Zanatta Stefano

FAGOR

5 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,6 per year

101. Millar Robert Red card 1992 : positive control ; 199x : confessions (no penalty)
102. Bagot Jean-claude
103. Bérard Charly Red card 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
104. Elliott Malcolm Yellow card 1992 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
105. Munoz Pedro Red card 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
106. Richard Bernard
107. Schepers Eddy Yellow card 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
108. Weltz Johnny Yellow card 2000 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
109. Yates Sean Yellow card 1989 : positive control (no penalty)

PANASONIC-ISOSTAR

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

111. Breukink Erik
112. De Rooy Theo Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2014 (no penalty)
113. Lubberding Henk
114. Nulens Guy
115. Talen John
116. Vanderaerden Eric
117. Van Lancker Eric
118. Van Vliet Teun
119. Winnen Peter Yellow card 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)

Z-PEUGEOT

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

121. Pensec Ronan
122. Abadie Henri
123. Brun Frédéric
124. Casado Philippe
125. Cornillet Bruno
126. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert Yellow card 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
127. Kvalsvoll Atle
128. Roux Denis
129. Simon Jérôme

TEKA

15 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1,2 per year

131. Dietzen Raimund Yellow card 1987 : in the act (sanction not known)
132. Aja Enrique
133. Blanco Villar Jesus
134. Camarillo Angel
135. Clère Régis Yellow card 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
136. Gonzales Arsenio
137. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
138. Hernandez Carlos
139. Sanchez Martinez Mariano

KAS-CANAL 10-MAVIC

8 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 1,13 per year

141. Kelly Sean Red card 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : positive control
142. Achermann Alfred Yellow card 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
143. Caritoux Eric Yellow card 1986 : police control (no penalty)
144. Da Silva Acacio Red card 1984 : positive control
145. Earley Martin
146. Prieto Celestino
147. Sanders Gilles
148. Unzaga Bombin Jon
149. Van Calster Guido Red card 1986 : positive control

R.M.O-LIBERIA-MAVIC

151. Esnault Patrice
152. Bibollet Michel
153. Bolts Hartmut
154. Claveyrolat Thierry Yellow card 1986 : police control (no penalty)
155. Colotti Jean-claude
156. Mas Gilles
157. Rezze Dante
158. Simon Régis
159. Vermote Michel

SUPERCONFEX-YOKO

161. Golz Rolf
162. Jakobs Gert Red card 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
163. Maassen Frans
164. Nijdam Jelle
165. Peeters Ludo
166. Poels Twan
167. Solleveld Gerrit
168. Van Poppel Jean-paul
169. Verhoeven Nico

REYNOLDS

45 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,64 per year

171. Delgado Pedro Yellow card 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
172. Arnaud Dominique
173. Arroyo Angel Red card 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control
174. Diaz Zabala Herminio
175. Gorospe Julian Red card 1984 : positive control
176. Hernandez Riano Omar-pablo
177. Indurain Miguel Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
178. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier
179. Rodriguez Magro Jesus

KELME

36 years of existence, 27 cases, ie 0,75 per year

181. Parra Fabio
182. Belda Vicente Red card 1982 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
183. Chozas Eduardo
184. Coll Antonio Red card 1981 : positive control
185. Gaston Crespi Inaki
186. Martinez Matei Ricardo
187. Martinez Oliver Juan
188. Recio José Red card 1985 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1988 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
189. Vilamajo Jaime

WEINMANN-LA SUISSE

5 years of existence, 0 cases, ie 0 per year

191. Ruttimann Niki
192. Bauer Steve
193. Leclercq Jean-claude
194. Richard Pascal
195. Veldscholten Gérard
196. Vichot Frédéric
197. Wilson Michael
198. Winterberg Guido
199. Zadrobilek Gerhard

A.D.R-MINI FLAT-IOC

15 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,73 per year

201. Demol Dirk
202. De Wolf Alfons
203. Hoste Frank
204. Kuum Janus
205. Martens René
206. Museeuw Johan Red card 2003 : judicial investigation ; 200x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
207. Onnockx Patrick
208. Planckaert Eddy Red card 1988 : positive control ; 1991 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
209. Wayenberg Dirk

SIGMA-FINA-DIAMANT

6 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 1 per year

211. Kuiper Hennie
212. De Wilde Etienne Yellow card 1987 : positive control (no penalty)
213. Heynderickx Jean-pierre
214. Ilegems Roger Red card 1988 : positive control
215. Lilholt Soren Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
216. Nevens Jan
217. Van Slycke Rik Red card 1988 : positive control
218. Wijnant Willem
219. Wijnants Ludwig Red card 1985 : positive control

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


Revue de presse du Tour de France 1988


See also