Tour de France 1986 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
LA VIE CLAIRE-WONDER-RADAR 10 2 4 1 2 1
CARRERA JEANS 10 5 1 0 1 0
KAS-MAVIC 10 3 0 0 0 0
PANASONIC 10 5 0 0 0 0
SYSTEME U 10 5 1 0 0 0
P.D.M 10 6 1 1 0 0
CAFE DE COLOMBIA 10 1 0 0 0 0
T.S BATTERIES-REYNOLDS 10 5 0 0 0 0
PEUGEOT-SHELL 10 4 1 0 0 0
KWANTUM-HALLEN-DECOSOL 10 5 0 0 0 0
JOKER-EMERXIL-EDDY MERCKX 10 3 0 0 0 0
HITACHI-MARC-SPLENDOR 10 4 1 1 0 0
ZOR-B.H 10 2 1 0 0 0
FAGOR 10 3 0 0 0 0
RMO-MERAL-MAVIC 10 5 0 0 0 0
POSTOBON 10 1 0 0 0 0
SEAT-ORBEA 10 2 0 0 0 0
GIS GELATI-OECE 10 1 0 0 0 0
TEKA 10 2 0 0 0 0
MALVOR 10 1 0 0 0 0
ELEVEN-HOONVED 10 1 0 0 0 0
Total 210 66 10 3 3 1
Pourcentage 31% 30% 33%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : http://www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net (31/01/2008)

  1. Lemond Greg in 110h35'19''
  2. Hinault Bernard at 0h03'10'' Yellow card 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
  3. Zimmermann Urs at 0h10'54''
  4. Hampsten Andrew at 0h18'44''
  5. Criquielion Claude at 0h24'36'' Yellow card 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
  6. Pensec Ronan at 0h25'59''
  7. Ruttimann Niki at 0h30'52''
  8. Pino Counago Alvaro at 0h33'00''
  9. Rooks Steven at 0h33'22'' Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
  10. Madiot Yvon at 0h33'27''
  11. Bernard Jean-françois at 0h35'45''
  12. Simon Pascal at 0h37'44'' Red card 1983 : positive control
  13. Chozas Eduardo at 0h38'48''
  14. Montoya Reynel at 0h45'36'' Yellow card 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
  15. Mottet Charly at 0h45'58'' Yellow card 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
  16. Claveyrolat Thierry at 0h46'00'' Yellow card 1986 : police control (no penalty)
  17. Lejarreta Marino at 0h49'09'' Red card 1985 : positive control
  18. Bagot Jean-claude at 0h51'38''
  19. Caritoux Eric at 0h52'39'' Yellow card 1986 : police control (no penalty)
  20. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio at 0h55'42''
  21. Herrera Luis at 0h56'00''
  22. Bauer Steve at 0h56'02''
  23. Zoetemelk Joop at 0h57'04'' Red card 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control
  24. Blanco Villar Jesus at 1h03'16''
  25. Bernaudeau Jean-rené at 1h03'56'' Yellow card 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  26. Florez Ortiz Alfonso at 1h05'54'' Red card 1981 : positive control
  27. Gavillet Bernard at 1h08'17'' Yellow card 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  28. Stevenhaagen Peter at 1h10'40'' Yellow card 1988 : confessions (no penalty)
  29. Mujika Aramburu Jokin at 1h11'01''
  30. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo at 1h12'13''
  31. Cerin Primoz at 1h14'40''
  32. Agudelo Gomez Jose-antonio at 1h15'13''
  33. Lauritzen Dag-otto at 1h15'47''
  34. Forest Robert at 1h16'19''
  35. Ruiz Cabestany Pello at 1h16'22''
  36. Schepers Eddy at 1h18'20'' Yellow card 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
  37. Echave Musatadi Federico at 1h18'53'' Yellow card 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
  38. Anderson Phil at 1h19'41'' Red card 1983 : positive control
  39. Rodriguez Carbalid Jesus at 1h20'09''
  40. Contini Silvano at 1h22'18'' Red card 1987 : positive control
  41. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso at 1h22'26''
  42. De Vos Hendrik at 1h24'43'' Yellow card 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
  43. Bérard Charly at 1h29'02'' Red card 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
  44. Garde Dominique at 1h29'11''
  45. Earley Martin at 1h30'30''
  46. Mas Gilles at 1h31'56''
  47. Roche Stephen at 1h32'30'' Red card 1993 : police investigation
  48. Maechler Erich at 1h32'45''
  49. Uran Heriberto at 1h36'35''
  50. Nevens Jan at 1h37'15''
  51. Van Der Velde Johann at 1h37'55'' Red card 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
  52. Hernandez Carlos at 1h38'13''
  53. Nulens Guy at 1h39'08''
  54. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria at 1h39'48''
  55. Leclercq Jean-claude at 1h40'43''
  56. Garde Jean-claude at 1h40'57''
  57. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe at 1h41'23''
  58. Rozas Salgado Juan-carlos at 1h41'51''
  59. Aja Enrique at 1h42'32''
  60. Veldscholten Gérard at 1h42'57''
  61. Vallet Bernard at 1h43'12'' Red card 1982 : absence to control
  62. Roll Bob at 1h43'26''
  63. De Wolf Dirk at 1h44'17''
  64. Poels Twan at 1h44'17''
  65. Vanotti Ennio at 1h45'20''
  66. Haghedooren Paul at 1h47'59'' Yellow card 1988 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1990 : positive control (no penalty)
  67. Lemarchand François at 1h49'05''
  68. Peeters Ludo at 1h49'11''
  69. Emonds Nico at 1h49'19'' Red card 1990 : positive control ; 1995 : positive control
  70. Cardenas Espitia Manuel at 1h50'11''
  71. Van Calster Guido at 1h50'42'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  72. Leali Bruno at 1h51'49'' Red card 2010 : police investigation
  73. Breu Beat at 1h51'54'' Red card 1979 : positive control
  74. Gaston Crespi Inaki at 1h52'35''
  75. Arnaud Dominique at 1h53'54''
  76. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn at 1h54'32''
  77. Haex Jozef at 1h54'38'' Red card 1987 : positive control
  78. Gorospe Julian at 1h56'11'' Red card 1984 : positive control
  79. Pierce Jeff at 1h56'57''
  80. Ducrot Maarten at 1h58'02'' Yellow card 1982 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1990 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  81. Da Silva Acacio at 1h58'05'' Red card 1984 : positive control
  82. Mora Zarate Nestor at 1h58'26''
  83. Knetemann Gerrie at 1h58'28'' Yellow card 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
  84. Gaigne Dominique at 1h59'27''
  85. Leon Castro Marco-antonio at 2h00'49''
  86. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan at 2h00'59''
  87. Lavainne Christophe at 2h01'00''
  88. Van Lancker Eric at 2h01'53''
  89. Van Wijk Jan at 2h02'35''
  90. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 2h03'39''
  91. Bontempi Guido at 2h03'39'' Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
  92. Simon Régis at 2h05'06''
  93. Antequera Francisco at 2h05'08''
  94. Vigneron Alain
  95. Kiefel Ron at 2h06'38''
  96. Leleu Philippe at 2h07'03''
  97. Boyer Eric at 2h07'27'' Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  98. Muller Jörg (sui) at 2h07'46'' Yellow card 1987 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  99. Vichot Frédéric at 2h08'15''
  100. Solleveld Gerrit at 2h09'00''
  101. Van Eynde Willem at 2h10'46''
  102. Roosen Luc at 2h10'46''
  103. Rogiers Rudy at 2h11'09''
  104. Wijnants Jan at 2h11'14''
  105. Corredor Fonseca Israel at 2h12'04''
  106. Brun Frédéric at 2h13'11''
  107. Marie Thierry at 2h13'24''
  108. Rossignoli Francesco at 2h13'56''
  109. Van Der Poel Adrie at 2h14'20'' Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  110. Louvel Eric at 2h14'41''
  111. Yates Sean at 2h15'20'' Yellow card 1989 : positive control (no penalty)
  112. Dernies Michel at 2h15'29''
  113. Alcala Gallegos Raul at 2h15'53''
  114. Vilamajo Jaime at 2h16'41''
  115. Hoste Frank at 2h17'06''
  116. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus at 2h17'26''
  117. Chappuis André at 2h17'36'' Yellow card 1986 : testimony (no penalty)
  118. Vandenbroucke Jean-luc at 2h17'58'' Red card 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1978 : positive control and confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
  119. Stieda Alex at 2h19'47''
  120. Laguia Martinez José-luis at 2h19'48'' Red card 1983 : positive control
  121. Dhaenens Rudy at 2h19'58'' Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  122. Gomez Marc at 2h21'13'' Yellow card 198x : confessions in 1983 (no penalty)
  123. Bondue Alain at 2h22'03''
  124. Vanderaerden Eric at 2h22'30''
  125. Esparza Sanz Antonio at 2h22'45''
  126. Winterberg Guido at 2h27'26''
  127. Bincoletto Pierangelo at 2h27'28''
  128. Lieckens Jozef at 2h29'21''
  129. Castaing Francis at 2h41'56'' Red card 1986 : police investigation ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
  130. Kimmage Paul at 2h44'06'' Yellow card 1987 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty)
  131. Salvador Ennio at 2h55'51''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lemond Greg
  2. Zimmermann Urs
  3. Hampsten Andrew
  4. Pensec Ronan
  5. Ruttimann Niki
  6. Pino Counago Alvaro
  7. Madiot Yvon
  8. Bernard Jean-françois
  9. Chozas Eduardo
  10. Bagot Jean-claude
  11. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio
  12. Herrera Luis
  13. Bauer Steve
  14. Blanco Villar Jesus
  15. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
  16. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
  17. Cerin Primoz
  18. Agudelo Gomez Jose-antonio
  19. Lauritzen Dag-otto
  20. Forest Robert
  21. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
  22. Rodriguez Carbalid Jesus
  23. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso
  24. Garde Dominique
  25. Earley Martin
  26. Mas Gilles
  27. Maechler Erich
  28. Uran Heriberto
  29. Nevens Jan
  30. Hernandez Carlos
  31. Nulens Guy
  32. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria
  33. Leclercq Jean-claude
  34. Garde Jean-claude
  35. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
  36. Rozas Salgado Juan-carlos
  37. Aja Enrique
  38. Veldscholten Gérard
  39. Roll Bob
  40. De Wolf Dirk
  41. Poels Twan
  42. Vanotti Ennio
  43. Lemarchand François
  44. Peeters Ludo
  45. Cardenas Espitia Manuel
  46. Gaston Crespi Inaki
  47. Arnaud Dominique
  48. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
  49. Pierce Jeff
  50. Mora Zarate Nestor
  51. Gaigne Dominique
  52. Leon Castro Marco-antonio
  53. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
  54. Lavainne Christophe
  55. Van Lancker Eric
  56. Van Wijk Jan
  57. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  58. Simon Régis
  59. Antequera Francisco
  60. Vigneron Alain
  61. Kiefel Ron
  62. Leleu Philippe
  63. Vichot Frédéric
  64. Solleveld Gerrit
  65. Van Eynde Willem
  66. Roosen Luc
  67. Rogiers Rudy
  68. Wijnants Jan
  69. Corredor Fonseca Israel
  70. Brun Frédéric
  71. Marie Thierry
  72. Rossignoli Francesco
  73. Louvel Eric
  74. Dernies Michel
  75. Alcala Gallegos Raul
  76. Vilamajo Jaime
  77. Hoste Frank
  78. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus
  79. Stieda Alex
  80. Bondue Alain
  81. Vanderaerden Eric
  82. Esparza Sanz Antonio
  83. Winterberg Guido
  84. Bincoletto Pierangelo
  85. Lieckens Jozef
  86. Salvador Ennio


List of doping cases during the race

Rider Product Race Year Sanction Control
Winnen Peter Testostérone Tour de France 1986 Non Aveux en 1998


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

LA VIE CLAIRE-WONDER-RADAR

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

1. Hinault Bernard Yellow card 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
2. Bauer Steve
3. Bérard Charly Red card 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
4. Bernard Jean-françois
5. Hampsten Andrew
6. Leleu Philippe
7. Lemond Greg
8. Ruttimann Niki
9. Vigneron Alain
10. Winterberg Guido

CARRERA JEANS

21 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,52 per year

11. Roche Stephen Red card 1993 : police investigation
12. Bontempi Guido Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
13. Breu Beat Red card 1979 : positive control
14. Cassani Davide
15. Leali Bruno Red card 2010 : police investigation
16. Maechler Erich
17. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
18. Rossignoli Francesco
19. Schepers Eddy Yellow card 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
20. Zimmermann Urs

KAS-MAVIC

8 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 1,13 per year

21. Muller Jörg (sui) Yellow card 1987 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
22. Esnault Patrice
23. Garde Dominique
24. Garde Jean-claude
25. Gaston Crespi Inaki
26. Guyot Eric
27. Leclercq Jean-claude
28. Pelier Joël Red card 1988 : positive control
29. Vandenbroucke Jean-luc Red card 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1978 : positive control and confessions in 1978 (no penalty)
30. Vichot Frédéric

PANASONIC

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

31. Millar Robert Red card 1992 : positive control ; 199x : confessions (no penalty)
32. Anderson Phil Red card 1983 : positive control
33. Lammertink Jos
34. Lubberding Henk
35. Nulens Guy
36. Planckaert Eddy Red card 1988 : positive control ; 1991 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
37. Vanderaerden Eric
38. Van Der Velde Johann Red card 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
39. Van Lancker Eric
40. Winnen Peter Yellow card 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)

SYSTEME U

41. Fignon Laurent Red card 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
42. Biondi Laurent Yellow card 2005 : police investigation (no penalty)
43. Bondue Alain
44. Boyer Eric Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
45. Gaigne Dominique
46. Gavillet Bernard Yellow card 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
47. Lavainne Christophe
48. Madiot Yvon
49. Marie Thierry
50. Mottet Charly Yellow card 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)

P.D.M

7 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 2,29 per year

51. Delgado Pedro Yellow card 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
52. Arras Wim Yellow card 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
53. Boeve Henk
54. Knetemann Gerrie Yellow card 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
55. Rooks Steven Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
56. Siemons Jan
57. Stevenhaagen Peter Yellow card 1988 : confessions (no penalty)
58. Van Orsouw Marc Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
59. Van Wijk Jan
60. Veldscholten Gérard

CAFE DE COLOMBIA

6 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,17 per year

61. Herrera Luis
62. Acevedo Porras Rafael-antonik
63. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
64. Florez Ortiz Alfonso Red card 1981 : positive control
65. Jimenez Bautista José-patrocinio
66. Leon Castro Marco-antonio
67. Lopez Alfonso
68. Parra Fabio
69. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo
70. Soler Pedro-josé

T.S BATTERIES-REYNOLDS

71. Laguia Martinez José-luis Red card 1983 : positive control
72. Arnaud Dominique
73. Cabrera Samuel Red card 2004 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
74. Gomez Marc Yellow card 198x : confessions in 1983 (no penalty)
75. Gorospe Julian Red card 1984 : positive control
76. Greciano Anastasio
77. Hernandez Carlos
78. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus
79. Indurain Miguel Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
80. Prieto Celestino

PEUGEOT-SHELL

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

81. Simon Pascal Red card 1983 : positive control
82. Brun Frédéric
83. Cornillet Bruno
84. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert Yellow card 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
85. Forest Robert
86. Glaus Gilbert Yellow card 1978 : positive control (no penalty)
87. Lauritzen Dag-otto
88. Louvel Eric
89. Pensec Ronan
90. Yates Sean Yellow card 1989 : positive control (no penalty)

KWANTUM-HALLEN-DECOSOL

41 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 0,61 per year

91. Zoetemelk Joop Red card 1976 : confessions in 1977 (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : confessions in 1979 (no penalty) ; 1979 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control
92. Ducrot Maarten Yellow card 1982 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1990 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
93. Emonds Nico Red card 1990 : positive control ; 1995 : positive control
94. Nijdam Jelle
95. Peeters Ludo
96. Poels Twan
97. Priem Cees Red card 1998 : in the act
98. Roosen Luc
99. Solleveld Gerrit
100. Van Der Poel Adrie Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)

JOKER-EMERXIL-EDDY MERCKX

101. Sergeant Marc Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control
102. Bomans Carlo
103. Dernies Michel
104. Haghedooren Paul Yellow card 1988 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1990 : positive control (no penalty)
105. Lieckens Jozef
106. Lurquin André
107. Mckenzie Eric Red card 1982 : positive control
108. Nevens Jan
109. Van Eynde Willem
110. Van Holen Ronny

HITACHI-MARC-SPLENDOR

15 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 0,47 per year

111. Criquielion Claude Yellow card 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
112. Delaurier Philippe
113. De Vos Hendrik Yellow card 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
114. De Wolf Dirk
115. Dhaenens Rudy Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
116. Haex Jozef Red card 1987 : positive control
117. Morjean Stefan
118. Rogiers Rudy
119. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
120. Wijnants Jan

ZOR-B.H

15 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,67 per year

121. Pino Counago Alvaro
122. Antequera Francisco
123. Bouvatier Philippe
124. Camarillo Angel
125. Fernandez Juan
126. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
127. Rodriguez Francisco Red card 1981 : positive control (2 times)
128. Rodriguez Carbalid Jesus
129. Rozas Salgado Juan-carlos
130. Van Calster Guido Red card 1986 : positive control

FAGOR

5 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,6 per year

131. Caritoux Eric Yellow card 1986 : police control (no penalty)
132. Bagot Jean-claude
133. Bernaudeau Jean-rené Yellow card 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
134. Bohorquez Ortega Argemiro
135. Earley Martin
136. Hoste Frank
137. Lemarchand François
138. Munoz Pedro Red card 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
139. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso
140. Verschuere Pol

RMO-MERAL-MAVIC

7 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,71 per year

141. Claveyrolat Thierry Yellow card 1986 : police control (no penalty)
142. Barteau Vincent
143. Castaing Francis Red card 1986 : police investigation ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
144. Chappuis André Yellow card 1986 : testimony (no penalty)
145. Gauthier Jean-louis
146. Huger Bruno
147. Kimmage Paul Yellow card 1987 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty)
148. Mas Gilles
149. Simon Régis
150. Vallet Bernard Red card 1982 : absence to control

POSTOBON

151. Hernandez Riano Omar-pablo
152. Acosta Arias Raul
153. Corredor Fonseca Israel
154. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria
155. Jaramillo Sergio
156. Londono Antonio
157. Moncada Guiza Gerardo
158. Montoya Reynel Yellow card 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
159. Mora Zarate Nestor
160. Uran Heriberto

SEAT-ORBEA

161. Lejarreta Marino Red card 1985 : positive control
162. Esparza Sanz Antonio
163. Hermans Mathieu Yellow card 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
164. Jules Pascal
165. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
166. Nijboer Erwin
167. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
168. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
169. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador
170. Vilamajo Jaime

GIS GELATI-OECE

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

171. Contini Silvano Red card 1987 : positive control
172. Giovannetti Marco
173. Magnago Walter
174. Masciarelli Palmiro
175. Petito Giuseppe
176. Polini Marino
177. Pozzi Alessandro 1
178. Salvador Ennio
179. Salvietti Graziano
180. Vanotti Ennio

TEKA

15 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1,2 per year

181. Dietzen Raimund Yellow card 1987 : in the act (sanction not known)
182. Agudelo Gomez Jose-antonio
183. Aja Enrique
184. Arenas Reyes Guillermo
185. Blanco Villar Jesus
186. Cardenas Espitia Manuel
187. Chozas Eduardo
188. Echave Musatadi Federico Yellow card 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
189. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
190. Sarrapio Angel-josé

MALVOR

16 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,13 per year

191. Beccia Mario
192. Allocchio Stefano
193. Bincoletto Pierangelo
194. Cerin Primoz
195. Da Silva Acacio Red card 1984 : positive control
196. Dill-bundi Robert
197. Ferraro Renan
198. Furlan Luigi
199. Pagnin Roberto
200. Piccolo Renato

ELEVEN-HOONVED

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

201. Grewal Alexi Red card 1984 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1992 : positive control
202. Alcala Gallegos Raul
203. Carmichael Chris
204. Heiden Eric
205. Kiefel Ron
206. Phinney Davis
207. Pierce Jeff
208. Roll Bob
209. Shapiro Douglas Craig
210. Stieda Alex

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also