Giro d'Italia 1989 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
7-Eleven 9 2 1 0 1 0
ADR 9 0 0 0 0 0
Alfa Lum 9 1 0 0 0 0
Atala 9 3 0 0 0 0
Café de Colombia 9 3 0 0 0 0
Caja Rural 9 1 1 1 0 0
Carrera 9 4 1 0 0 0
Ariostea 9 3 0 0 0 0
Del Tongo 9 1 1 0 0 0
Fagor 9 4 1 0 0 0
Frank 9 0 0 0 0 0
Gewiss 9 2 0 0 0 0
Hitachi 9 3 1 1 0 0
Jolly 9 0 0 0 0 0
Malvor 9 2 1 1 1 1
Panasonic 9 3 1 0 0 0
Pepsi Cola 9 3 0 0 0 0
Château d'Ax 9 3 0 0 0 0
Selca 8 2 0 0 0 0
Seur 9 0 1 0 0 0
U 9 3 1 1 1 1
TVM 9 3 0 0 0 0
Total 197 46 10 4 3 2
Pourcentage 23,35% 40% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (12/11/2010)

  1. Fignon Laurent in 93h30'16'' - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
  2. Giupponi Flavio at 01'15'' - 1988 : absence to control
  3. Hampsten Andrew at 02'46''
  4. Breukink Erik at 05'02''
  5. Chioccioli Franco at 05'43''
  6. Zimmermann Urs at 06'28''
  7. Criquielion Claude at 06'34'' - 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
  8. Giovannetti Marco at 07'44''
  9. Roche Stephenh
  10. Lejarreta Marino at 08'09'' - 1985 : positive control
  11. Pulnikov Vladimir at 09'50''
  12. Conti Roberto at 10'03'' - 2002 : in the act
  13. Anderson Phil at 12'06'' - 1983 : positive control
  14. Skibby Jesper at 12'13'' - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  15. Argentin Moreno at 12'16''
  16. Ugrumov Piotr at 14'27'' - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  17. Vona Franco at 14'39''
  18. Herrera Luis at 16'19''
  19. Mujika Aramburu Jokin at 22'02''
  20. Unzaga Bombin Jon at 24'56''
  21. Cabrera Samuel at 31'39'' - 2004 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  22. Schepers Eddy at 31'43'' - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
  23. Bugno Gianni at 32'23'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  24. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador at 32'29''
  25. Blanco Villar Jesus at 34'28''
  26. Tomasini Stefano at 36'21''
  27. Gelfi Luca at 37'39''
  28. Fondriest Maurizio at 38'52''
  29. Winnen Peter at 39'54'' - 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
  30. Van Aert Jos at 40'50''
  31. Biondi Laurent at 41'27'' - 2005 : police investigation (no penalty)
  32. Salvador Ennio at 44'39''
  33. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar at 45'43''
  34. Haex Jozef at 46'26'' - 1987 : positive control
  35. Pavlic Yure at 49'14''
  36. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 49'58'' - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  37. Garde Dominique at 52'09''
  38. Rodriguez Gil Manuel at 53'50''
  39. Lemond Greg at 54'23''
  40. Carlsen John at 54'50''
  41. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 55'15''
  42. Ouslamine Serguei at 56'28''
  43. Rossi Maurizio at 57'43''
  44. Cardenas Ordus Henry at 58'26''
  45. Arambarri Arregui Jesus at 58'32''
  46. Chiappucci Claudio at 59'54'' - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
  47. Decrion Jacques at 1h03'24'' - 1988 : positive control
  48. Da Silva Acacio at 1h04'09'' - 1984 : positive control
  49. Bruyère Bruno at 1h05'44''
  50. Piovani Maurizio at 1h06'21''
  51. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe at 1h13'49''
  52. Forest Robert at 1h16'50''
  53. Contini Silvano at 1h17'47'' - 1987 : positive control
  54. Soukhoroutchenkov Sergei at 1h18'21''
  55. Amadori Marino at 1h20'24''
  56. Perini Giancarlo at 1h22'26'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  57. Salomon Eric at 1h23'22''
  58. Golovatenko Nikolai at 1h27'31''
  59. Pierce Jeff at 1h28'23''
  60. Arroyo Miguel at 1h29'48''
  61. Brugnami Gianluca at 1h29'57''
  62. Stutz Werner at 1h31'53''
  63. Zadrobilek Gerhard at 1h33'21''
  64. Lauritzen Dag-otto at 1h34'47''
  65. Peillon Jean-louis at 1h35'31''
  66. Schalkers Martin at 1h35'37''
  67. Piasecki Lech at 1h37'58''
  68. Ghirotto Massimo at 1h38'12''
  69. Lubberding Henk at 1h41'18''
  70. De Wolf Alfons at 1h42'46''
  71. Worre Jesper at 1h45'27'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  72. Garcia Martinez José Rafael at 1h45'41''
  73. De Vos Hendrik at 1h45'42'' - 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
  74. Van Lancker Eric at 1h46'52''
  75. Saronni Giuseppe at 1h47'13''
  76. Luykx Daan at 1h48'14''
  77. Lang Czeslaw at 1h48'27''
  78. Lecchi Angelo at 1h49'34''
  79. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h53'18'' - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  80. Jdanov Vassili at 1h53'40''
  81. Espinosa Sampere Francisco at 1h57'55''
  82. Bordonali Fabio at 1h58'11''
  83. Canzonieri Angelo at 2h01'47''
  84. Kimmage Paul at 2h04'04'' - 1987 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty)
  85. Massi Rodolfo at 2h04'32'' - 1998 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  86. Riis Bjarne at 2h07'40'' - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
  87. Cavallaro Salvatore at 2h08'00''
  88. Giuliani Stefano at 2h09'57''
  89. Rocchi Edoardo at 2h10'22''
  90. Rossignoli Francesco at 2h10'23''
  91. Boffo Luciano at 2h11'58''
  92. Chiesa Mario at 2h12'29''
  93. Tchmil Andrei at 2h14'23''
  94. Rabottini Luciano at 2h19'33''
  95. Corti Claudio at 2h23'00''
  96. Bergamo Marco at 2h24'36''
  97. Bielli Luigi at 2h28'01''
  98. Sanchez Valencia José-antonio at 2h29'57''
  99. Siemons Jan at 2h31'06''
  100. Kälin Karl at 2h31'34''
  101. Zen Marco at 2h32'05''
  102. Kiefel Ron at 2h32'53''
  103. Morjean Stefan at 2h34'04''
  104. Kleinsman Rob at 2h37'45''
  105. Talen John at 2h40'56''
  106. Bruggmann Jurg at 2h42'16''
  107. Henn Christian at 2h45'22'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  108. Martinello Silvio at 2h48'05''
  109. Petito Giuseppe at 2h49'02''
  110. Fidanza Giovanni at 2h50'23''
  111. Garcianda Pellejero Javier at 2h56'00''
  112. Zanatta Stefano at 3h01'28''
  113. Arntz Marcel at 3h01'46''
  114. Roll Bob at 3h02'35''
  115. Steinmann Kurt at 3h05'47''
  116. Marie Thierry at 3h06'15''
  117. Popp Paul at 3h10'39''
  118. Thary Christian at 3h11'49''
  119. Gioia Danilo at 3h11'59''
  120. Del Ben Daniele at 3h14'14''
  121. Cimini Paolo at 3h15'59''
  122. Marki Hans-ruedi at 3h18'50''
  123. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 3h22'48'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  124. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria at 3h23'15''
  125. Hoste Frank at 3h28'15''
  126. Schwarzentruber Pius at 3h30'26''
  127. Rosola Paolo at 3h31'34''
  128. Baffi Adriano at 3h31'50''
  129. Dekker Dick at 3h36'41''
  130. Rio Claudio at 3h39'13''
  131. Scirea Mario at 3h40'30'' - 2004 : in the act
  132. Van Poppel Jean-paul at 3h47'34''
  133. Szostek Noël at 3h38'36''
  134. Cecini Stefano at 3h55'15''
  135. Bruschi Daniele at 3h55'39''
  136. Lammerts Johan at 3h57'43''
  137. Bruscoli Simone at 4h01'52''
  138. Di Basco Alessio at 4h02'13'' - 1992 : positive control
  139. Carli Davide at 4h03'19''
  140. Allocchio Stefano at 4h11'03''
  141. Gambirasio Patrizio at 4h21'10''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Hampsten Andrew
  2. Breukink Erik
  3. Chioccioli Franco
  4. Zimmermann Urs
  5. Giovannetti Marco
  6. Roche Stephen
  7. Pulnikov Vladimir
  8. Argentin Moreno
  9. Vona Franco
  10. Herrera Luis
  11. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
  12. Unzaga Bombin Jon
  13. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador
  14. Blanco Villar Jesus
  15. Tomasini Stefano
  16. Gelfi Luca
  17. Fondriest Maurizio
  18. Van Aert Jos
  19. Salvador Ennio
  20. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
  21. Pavlic Yure
  22. Garde Dominique
  23. Rodriguez Gil Manuel
  24. Lemond Greg
  25. Carlsen John
  26. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  27. Ouslamine Serguei
  28. Rossi Maurizio
  29. Cardenas Ordus Henry
  30. Arambarri Arregui Jesus
  31. Bruyère Bruno
  32. Piovani Maurizio
  33. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
  34. Forest Robert
  35. Soukhoroutchenkov Sergei
  36. Amadori Marino
  37. Salomon Eric
  38. Golovatenko Nikolai
  39. Pierce Jeff
  40. Arroyo Miguel
  41. Brugnami Gianluca
  42. Stutz Werner
  43. Zadrobilek Gerhard
  44. Lauritzen Dag-otto
  45. Peillon Jean-louis
  46. Schalkers Martin
  47. Piasecki Lech
  48. Ghirotto Massimo
  49. Lubberding Henk
  50. De Wolf Alfons
  51. Garcia Martinez José Rafael
  52. Van Lancker Eric
  53. Saronni Giuseppe
  54. Luykx Daan
  55. Lang Czeslaw
  56. Lecchi Angelo
  57. Jdanov Vassili
  58. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
  59. Bordonali Fabio
  60. Canzonieri Angelo
  61. Cavallaro Salvatore
  62. Giuliani Stefano
  63. Rocchi Edoardo
  64. Rossignoli Francesco
  65. Boffo Luciano
  66. Chiesa Mario
  67. Tchmil Andrei
  68. Rabottini Luciano
  69. Corti Claudio
  70. Bergamo Marco
  71. Bielli Luigi
  72. Sanchez Valencia José-antonio
  73. Siemons Jan
  74. Kälin Karl
  75. Zen Marco
  76. Kiefel Ron
  77. Morjean Stefan
  78. Kleinsman Rob
  79. Talen John
  80. Bruggmann Jurg
  81. Martinello Silvio
  82. Petito Giuseppe
  83. Fidanza Giovanni
  84. Garcianda Pellejero Javier
  85. Zanatta Stefano
  86. Arntz Marcel
  87. Roll Bob
  88. Steinmann Kurt
  89. Marie Thierry
  90. Popp Paul
  91. Thary Christian
  92. Gioia Danilo
  93. Del Ben Daniele
  94. Cimini Paolo
  95. Marki Hans-ruedi
  96. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
  97. Hoste Frank
  98. Schwarzentruber Pius
  99. Rosola Paolo
  100. Baffi Adriano
  101. Dekker Dick
  102. Rio Claudio
  103. Van Poppel Jean-paul
  104. Szostek Noël
  105. Cecini Stefano
  106. Bruschi Daniele
  107. Lammerts Johan
  108. Bruscoli Simone
  109. Carli Davide
  110. Allocchio Stefano
  111. Gambirasio Patrizio



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

7-Eleven

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

1. Hampsten Andrew
2. Yates Sean - 1989 : positive control (no penalty)
3. Lauritzen Dag-otto
4. Phinney Davis
5. Kiefel Ron
6. Zadrobilek Gerhard
7. Roll Bob
8. Pierce Jeff
9. Veggerby Jens - 1993 : positive control

ADR

15 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,73 per year

11. Lemond Greg
12. Arroyo Miguel
13. De Wolf Alfons
14. Hoste Frank
15. Lammerts Johan
16. Namtvedt Bo-andré
17. Szostek Noël
18. Bailey Chris
19. Carter Mike

Alfa Lum

8 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,12 per year

21. Konyshev Dimitri
22. Soukhoroutchenkov Sergei
23. Ivanov Ivan
24. Pulnikov Vladimir
25. Tchmil Andrei
26. Ugrumov Piotr - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
27. Ouslamine Serguei
28. Jdanov Vassili
29. Golovatenko Nikolai

Atala

25 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,4 per year

31. Bruschi Daniele
32. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
33. Cortinovis Tullio
34. Gioia Danilo
35. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control
36. Lelli Massimiliano
37. Massi Rodolfo - 1998 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
38. Martinello Silvio
39. Vandelli Maurizio

Café de Colombia

6 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,17 per year

41. Sierra Pena Alvaro
42. Arias Acosta Juan-carlos
43. Cabrera Samuel - 2004 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
44. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
45. Cardenas Ordus Henry
46. Herrera Luis
47. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
48. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
49. Worre Jesper - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)

Caja Rural

12 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,25 per year

51. Lejarreta Marino - 1985 : positive control
52. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
53. Arntz Marcel
54. Garcianda Pellejero Javier
55. Arambarri Arregui Jesus
56. Sanchez Valencia José-antonio
57. Popp Paul
58. Dekker Dick
59. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador

Carrera

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

61. Zimmermann Urs
62. Da Silva Acacio - 1984 : positive control
63. Pavlic Yure
64. Henn Christian - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
65. Chiappucci Claudio - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
66. Ghirotto Massimo
67. Chiesa Mario
68. Perini Giancarlo - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
69. Votolo Marco-franco

Ariostea

10 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,1 per year

71. Baffi Adriano
72. Carcano Sergio
73. Cenghialta Bruno - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
74. Cesarini Francesco
75. Joho Stephan
76. Petito Giuseppe
77. Rabottini Luciano
78. Elli Alberto - 2001 : in the act
79. Sorensen Rolf - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)

Del Tongo

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

81. Amadori Marino
82. Bielli Luigi
83. Bergamo Marco
84. Chioccioli Franco
85. Cipollini Mario - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
86. Fondriest Maurizio
87. Gelfi Luca
88. Lecchi Angelo
89. Zen Marco

Fagor

5 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,6 per year

91. Roche Stephen
92. Kimmage Paul - 1987 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty)
93. Moreau Francis - 1996 : positive control
94. Carlsen John
95. Rossignoli Francesco
96. Biondi Laurent - 2005 : police investigation (no penalty)
97. Chaubet Christian
98. Forest Robert
99. Schepers Eddy - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)

Frank

101. Bruggmann Jurg
102. Hurlimann Bruno
103. Rodriguez Gil Manuel
104. Kälin Karl
105. Pedretti Omar
106. Schwarzentruber Pius
107. Ducrot Pascal
108. Steinmann Kurt
109. Stutz Werner

Gewiss

111. Argentin Moreno
112. Bombini Emanuele - 2000 : police investigation
113. Cassani Davide
114. Wohlfahrter Arno
115. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
116. Mariuzzo Dario
117. Rosola Paolo
118. Salvador Ennio
119. Tonetti Gianluca

Hitachi

121. Criquielion Claude - 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
122. Lieckens Jozef
123. De Wolf Dirk
124. Bruyère Bruno
125. De Vos Hendrik - 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
126. Haex Jozef - 1987 : positive control
127. Morjean Stefan
128. Van Aert Jos
129. Wijnants Jan

Jolly

131. Boffo Luciano
132. Brugnami Gianluca
133. Cecini Stefano
134. Cimini Paolo
135. Del Ben Daniele
136. Di Francesco Raffaele
137. Giuliani Stefano
138. Nespoli Fabrizio
139. Rossi Maurizio

Malvor

141. Saronni Giuseppe
142. Allocchio Stefano
143. Contini Silvano - 1987 : positive control
144. Piovani Maurizio
145. Bordonali Fabio
146. Lang Czeslaw
147. Giupponi Flavio - 1988 : absence to control
148. Rota Luca
149. Piasecki Lech

Panasonic

151. Breukink Erik
152. Winnen Peter - 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
153. Talen John
154. Peiper Alan - 1986 : absence to control
155. Van Poppel Jean-paul
156. Lubberding Henk
157. Van Lancker Eric
158. Freuler Urs - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
159. Marki Hans-ruedi

Pepsi Cola

161. Thary Christian
162. Brugna Walter - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2008 : positive control
163. Bruscoli Simone
164. Canzonieri Angelo
165. Galleschi Enrico
166. Di Basco Alessio - 1992 : positive control
167. Franzoni Giuseppe
168. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
169. Tomasini Stefano

Château d'Ax

171. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
172. Rominger Tony - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
173. Corti Claudio
174. Fidanza Giovanni
175. Pozzi Alessandro 1
176. Volpi Alberto - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
177. Vona Franco
178. Vanotti Ennio
179. Zanatta Stefano

Selca

181. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
182. Carli Davide
183. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
184. Rio Claudio
185. Gambirasio Patrizio
186. Moro Michele
187. Rocchi Edoardo
188. Vannucci Fabrizio

Seur

24 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,25 per year

191. Giovannetti Marco
192. Cavallaro Salvatore
193. Blanco Villar Jesus
194. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel
195. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
196. Rodriguez Garcia José
197. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
198. Unzaga Bombin Jon
199. Garcia Martinez José Rafael

U

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

201. Fignon Laurent - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
202. Garde Dominique
203. Dubois Pascal
204. Marie Thierry
205. Peillon Jean-louis
206. Barteau Vincent
207. Riis Bjarne - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
208. Decrion Jacques - 1988 : positive control
209. Salomon Eric

TVM

211. Anderson Phil - 1983 : positive control
212. Pieters Peter
213. Siemons Jan
214. Kleinsman Rob
215. Schalkers Martin
216. Luykx Daan
217. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
218. Van Der Velde Johann - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
219. Skibby Jesper - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)



See also