Giro d'Italia 1996 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/10/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Mapei 9 4 1 1 1 1
AKI 9 3 1 0 0 0
Brescialat 9 4 0 0 0 0
Carrera 9 3 1 0 1 0
Panaria 9 6 1 1 1 1
Festina 9 4 1 1 0 0
Gewiss 9 6 2 2 0 0
Selle Italia 9 1 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 4 0 0 0 0
MG 9 4 0 0 0 0
MX Onda 9 1 0 0 0 0
Refin 9 3 1 1 1 1
Roslotto 9 3 1 1 0 0
Saeco 9 7 0 0 0 0
Amore & Vita 9 4 0 0 0 0
Scrigno 9 2 1 0 0 0
Polti 9 4 1 1 0 0
TVM 9 3 0 0 0 0
Total 162 66 10 8 3 3
Pourcentage 40,74% 80% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (10/11/2010)

  1. Tonkov Pavel in 105h20'23'' - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
  2. Zaina Enrico at 02'43''
  3. Olano Abraham at 02'57'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  4. Ugrumov Piotr at 03'00'' - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  5. Gotti Ivan at 03'36'' - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
  6. Rebellin Davide at 09'15'' - 2008 : positive control
  7. Faustini Stefano at 10'38''
  8. Shefer Alexandre at 11'22''
  9. Robin Jean-cyril at 13'04'' - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  10. Berzin Evgueni at 14'41'' - 2000 : blood test
  11. Buenahora Hernan at 18'02'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  12. Zberg Beat at 20'13''
  13. Teteriouk Andrei at 25'08''
  14. Laukka Joona at 26'44''
  15. Lanfranchi Paolo at 26'56''
  16. Pulnikov Vladimir at 27'11''
  17. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel at 29'17''
  18. Cenghialta Bruno at 29'21'' - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  19. Faresin Gianni at 34'01'' - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  20. Jaskula Zenon at 37'15'' - 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  21. Fernandez Gines Manuel at 37'55''
  22. Guerini Giuseppe at 39'13''
  23. Pellicioli Oscar at 42'10''
  24. Rodriguez Nelson at 42'22''
  25. Finco Carlo at 49'06''
  26. Di Grande Giuseppe at 59'49'' - 2001 : in the act
  27. Larsen Nicolay Bo at 1h01'02'' - 2000 : blood test
  28. Beltran Manuel at 1h03'22'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
  29. Bugno Gianni at 1h05'00'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  30. Gontchenkov Alexandre at 1h05'24''
  31. Casagrande Francesco at 1h07'56'' - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
  32. Dotti Fausto at 1h08'15''
  33. Zen Marco at 1h16'58''
  34. Della Vedova Marco at 1h24'09''
  35. Massi Rodolfo at 1h24'13'' - 1998 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  36. Belli Wladimir at 1h24'20''
  37. Noe Andrea at 1h24'41''
  38. Piepoli Leonardo at 1h25'04'' - 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
  39. Tronca Amilcare at 1h27'46''
  40. Vergnani Marco at 1h35'31''
  41. Checchin Stefano at 1h42'44''
  42. Roux Laurent at 1h42'56'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act
  43. Vona Franco at 1h44'13''
  44. Saligari Marco at 1h52'11''
  45. Ouslamine Serguei at 1h52'16''
  46. Piccoli Mariano at 1h52'44'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  47. Spruch Zbigniew at 1h54'33''
  48. Donati Massimo at 1h56'14''
  49. Simeoni Filippo at 1h57'26'' - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
  50. Imboden Heinz at 1h58'59''
  51. Roncancio Gonzalez Celio-roberto at 2h04'07''
  52. Bontempi Fabrizio at 2h12'54''
  53. Patuelli Andrea at 2h13'58''
  54. Zanette Denis at 2h15'43'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
  55. Petilleau Stephane at 2h17'52''
  56. Loda Nicola at 2h18'10'' - 1999 : positive control
  57. Missaglia Gabriele at 2h18'28'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  58. Barbero Sergio at 2h20'21'' - 2001 : positive control
  59. Baldinger Dirk at 2h21'40''
  60. Gasperoni Cristianh
  61. Sanchez De La Rocha José-luis at 2h25'33''
  62. Guidi Fabrizio at 2h26'01'' - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
  63. Petito Roberto at 2h26'12'' - 1997 : positive control (no penalty)
  64. Bettin Mauro at 2h26'43''
  65. Casarotto Davide at 2h27'54''
  66. Caruso Roberto at 2h28'29''
  67. Perona Davide at 2h29'11''
  68. Serpellini Marco at 2h32'48'' - 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  69. Djavanian Viatcheslav at 2h33'22''
  70. Sivakov Alexei at 2h33'38''
  71. Bramati Davide at 2h33'46''
  72. Garcia Camacho Ignacio at 2h34'59''
  73. Galletti Alessio at 2h35'22'' - 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
  74. Uria Gonzales José-manuel at 2h35'47''
  75. Brignoli Ermanno at 2h38'27'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  76. Hodge Stephen at 2h40'35'' - 1991 : confessions in 2012
  77. Ouchakov Sergueï at 2h41'25'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  78. Rodrigues Silva Quintino at 2h43'22''
  79. Baffi Adriano at 2h47'14''
  80. Boscardin Bruno at 2h49'00''
  81. Velo Marco at 2h49'45'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1999 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control
  82. Sierra Pena Alvaro at 2h51'19''
  83. Salvato Cristian at 2h53'12''
  84. Frigo Dario at 2h53'18'' - 1996 : confessions in 2001 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2001 ; 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
  85. Vidal Jose-angel at 2h54'23''
  86. Manzoni Mario at 2h57'12'' - 1998 : blood test
  87. Casagrande Filippo at 2h57'14'' - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  88. Milesi Marco at 3h00'36''
  89. Artunghi Marco at 3h03'37''
  90. Pelliconi Roberto at 3h05'08''
  91. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 3h13'11'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  92. Lombardi Giovanni at 3h16'06'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  93. Brognara Andrea at 3h16'49''
  94. Forconi Riccardo at 3h17'34'' - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
  95. Scirea Mario at 3h19'46'' - 2004 : in the act
  96. Johnsen Lars-christian at 3h36'25''
  97. Moller Claus Michael at 3h37'59'' - 1999 : positive control
  98. Cerezo Perales Francisco at 3h43'20''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Zaina Enrico
  2. Faustini Stefano
  3. Shefer Alexandre
  4. Zberg Beat
  5. Teteriouk Andrei
  6. Laukka Joona
  7. Lanfranchi Paolo
  8. Pulnikov Vladimir
  9. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
  10. Fernandez Gines Manuel
  11. Guerini Giuseppe
  12. Pellicioli Oscar
  13. Rodriguez Nelson
  14. Finco Carlo
  15. Gontchenkov Alexandre
  16. Dotti Fausto
  17. Zen Marco
  18. Della Vedova Marco
  19. Belli Wladimir
  20. Noe Andrea
  21. Tronca Amilcare
  22. Vergnani Marco
  23. Checchin Stefano
  24. Vona Franco
  25. Saligari Marco
  26. Ouslamine Serguei
  27. Spruch Zbigniew
  28. Donati Massimo
  29. Imboden Heinz
  30. Roncancio Gonzalez Celio-roberto
  31. Bontempi Fabrizio
  32. Patuelli Andrea
  33. Petilleau Stephane
  34. Baldinger Dirk
  35. Gasperoni Cristian
  36. Sanchez De La Rocha José-luis
  37. Bettin Mauro
  38. Casarotto Davide
  39. Caruso Roberto
  40. Perona Davide
  41. Djavanian Viatcheslav
  42. Sivakov Alexei
  43. Bramati Davide
  44. Garcia Camacho Ignacio
  45. Uria Gonzales José-manuel
  46. Rodrigues Silva Quintino
  47. Baffi Adriano
  48. Boscardin Bruno
  49. Sierra Pena Alvaro
  50. Salvato Cristian
  51. Vidal Jose-angel
  52. Milesi Marco
  53. Artunghi Marco
  54. Pelliconi Roberto
  55. Brognara Andrea
  56. Johnsen Lars-christian
  57. Cerezo Perales Francisco



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Mapei

1. Olano Abraham - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
2. Baffi Adriano
3. Beltran Manuel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
4. Bortolami Gianluca - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
5. Di Grande Giuseppe - 2001 : in the act
6. Fernandez Gines Manuel
7. Nardello Daniele
8. Noe Andrea
9. Lanfranchi Paolo

AKI

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

11. Konyshev Dimitri
12. Citterio Giuseppe - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
13. Cauz Michelangelo
14. Faustini Stefano
15. Gorini Gianluca
16. Menthéour Erwan - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 199x : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
17. Teteriouk Andrei
18. Vona Franco
19. Zanette Denis - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)

Brescialat

13 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,15 per year

21. Jaskula Zenon - 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
22. Piccoli Mariano - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
23. Bontempi Fabrizio
24. Milesi Marco
25. Strazzer Massimo - 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
26. Velo Marco - 1994 : positive control ; 1999 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control
27. Della Vedova Marco
28. Contrini Daniele
29. Dotti Fausto

Carrera

31. Chiappucci Claudio - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
32. Zaina Enrico
33. Zberg Beat
34. Pellicioli Oscar
35. Barbero Sergio - 2001 : positive control
36. Artunghi Marco
37. Checchin Stefano
38. Simeoni Filippo - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
39. Traversoni Mario

Panaria

41. Tonkov Pavel - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
42. Belli Wladimir
43. Bramati Davide
44. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
45. Faresin Gianni - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
46. Galletti Alessio - 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
47. Serpellini Marco - 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
48. Missaglia Gabriele - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
49. Spruch Zbigniew

Festina

12 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 2,17 per year

51. Boscardin Bruno
52. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
53. Hervé Pascal - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
54. Hodge Stephen - 1991 : confessions in 2012
55. Robin Jean-cyril - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
56. Arenas Gonzalez Juan-rodrigo
57. Lebreton Lylian - 1994 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
58. Laukka Joona
59. Plaza David

Gewiss

61. Berzin Evgueni - 2000 : blood test
62. Colombo Gabriele
63. Zanini Stefano - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
64. Brignoli Ermanno - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
65. Cenghialta Bruno - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
66. Gotti Ivan - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
67. Volpi Alberto - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
68. Brognara Andrea
69. Perona Davide

Selle Italia

71. Rodriguez Nelson
72. Cardenas Ordus Henry
73. Camargo Angel
74. Roncancio Gonzalez Celio-roberto
75. Sierra Pena Alvaro
76. Caruso Roberto
77. Miceli Nicola - 1998 : blood test
78. Giraldi Stefano
79. Jolidon Jacques

Kelme

81. Cubino Laudelino - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
82. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
83. Dominguez Juan-carlos - 1998 : blood test ; 2006 : blood test
84. Edo Angel - 1998 : blood test
85. Vidal Jose-angel
86. Rodrigues Silva Quintino
87. Sanchez De La Rocha José-luis
88. Garcia Camacho Ignacio
89. Giner Blas Leon

MG

7 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1,14 per year

91. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
92. Casagranda Stefano - 2000 : in the act
93. Coppolillo Michele
94. Finco Carlo
95. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
96. Lecchi Angelo
97. Loda Nicola - 1999 : positive control
98. Richard Pascal
99. Saligari Marco

MX Onda

101. Wust Marcel
102. Cordes Tom
103. Moller Claus Michael - 1999 : positive control
104. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel
105. Nieto Fernandez German
106. Santamaria Gonzales Jose-luis
107. Irusta Sampedro Alfredoo
108. Cerezo Perales Francisco
109. Uria Gonzales José-manuel

Refin

111. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
112. Puttini Felice
113. Massi Rodolfo - 1998 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
114. Salvato Cristian
115. Piepoli Leonardo - 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
116. Imboden Heinz
117. Bettin Mauro
118. Ouslamine Serguei
119. Saitov Asiate

Roslotto

9 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,11 per year

121. Ugrumov Piotr - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
122. Gontchenkov Alexandre
123. Sgnaolin Daniele
124. Zen Marco
125. Manzoni Mario - 1998 : blood test
126. Cattai Stefano
127. Davidenko Vassili - 2001 : positive control
128. Djavanian Viatcheslav
129. Sivakov Alexei

Saeco

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

131. Cipollini Mario - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
132. Casagrande Francesco - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
133. Furlan Giorgio - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
134. Martinello Silvio
135. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
136. Donati Massimo
137. Frigo Dario - 1996 : confessions in 2001 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2001 ; 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
138. Petito Roberto - 1997 : positive control (no penalty)
139. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Amore & Vita

141. Forconi Riccardo - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
142. Patuelli Andrea
143. Magnusson Glenn
144. Andriotto Dario - 2001 : in the act (no penalty)
145. De Pasquale Maurizio
146. Pelliconi Roberto
147. Vergnani Marco
148. Larsen Nicolay Bo - 2000 : blood test
149. Laddomada Michele - 2007 : positive control

Scrigno

151. Rossato Mirko
152. Guidi Fabrizio - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
153. Casagrande Filippo - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
154. Secchiari Francesco
155. Vatteroni Andrea
156. Casarotto Davide
157. Shefer Alexandre
158. Gasperoni Cristian
159. Tronca Amilcare

Polti

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

161. Baldinger Dirk
162. Crepaldi Mirko
163. Gianetti Mauro
164. Guerini Giuseppe
165. Lombardi Giovanni - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
166. Ouchakov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
167. Pianegonda Gianluca
168. Rebellin Davide - 2008 : positive control
169. Totschnig Georg - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)

TVM

171. Johnsen Lars-christian
172. Kjaergaard Steffen - 2000 : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
173. Petilleau Stephane
174. Pulnikov Vladimir
175. Roux Laurent - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act
176. Redant Hendrik
177. Skibby Jesper - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
178. Van Der Steen Niels
179. Van Steen Martin



See also