Giro d'Italia 1968 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Salvarani 10 4 1 1 1 1
Bic 10 5 1 1 0 0
Faema 10 6 2 2 2 2
Fagor 10 3 1 0 0 0
Filotex 10 3 2 1 0 0
GBC 10 2 0 0 0 0
Germanvox 10 3 0 0 0 0
Kelvinator 10 3 0 0 0 0
Max Meyer 10 2 0 0 0 0
Molteni 10 4 2 2 0 0
Pepsi Cola 10 2 1 1 0 0
Peugeot 10 7 0 0 0 0
Smith's 10 2 0 0 0 0
Total 130 46 10 8 3 3
Pourcentage 35% 80% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (15/11/2010)

  1. Merckx Eddy in 108h42'27'' Red card 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
  2. Adorni Vittorio at 0h05'01'' Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : fraud
  3. Gimondi Felice at 0h09'05'' Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
  4. Zilioli Italo at 0h09'17'' Red card 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control
  5. Vanneste Willy at 0h10'43'' Red card 1967 : positive control
  6. Motta Gianni Red card 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1971 : positive control
  7. Dancelli Michele at 0h12'33'' Red card 1966 : positive control
  8. Balmamion Franco at 0h15'43'' Yellow card 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
  9. Gabica Francisco at 0h16'59''
  10. Bitossi Franco at 0h19'02''
  11. Jimenez Julio at 0h19'51'' Yellow card 1967 : positive control and confessions in 1967 (sanction not known)
  12. Bodrero Franco Yellow card 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
  13. Diaz Mariano Red card 1968 : positive control
  14. Velez Eusebio at 0h28'58''
  15. Galera Joaquim Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
  16. Passuello Adriano at 0h36'49''
  17. Schiavon Silvano at 0h37'35''
  18. Van Schil Victor Red card 1968 : fraud
  19. Pfenninger Louis at 0h46'49''
  20. Taccone Vito at 0h49'25'' Yellow card 1969 : confessions (no penalty)
  21. Santamarina Luis-pedro at 0h54'26''
  22. Haast Cees at 0h55'36''
  23. Farisato Lino at 0h57'32''
  24. Laghi Renato at 0h59'14''
  25. Michelotto Claudio at 1h00'31''
  26. Schutz Edy at 1h01'14''
  27. Armani Luciano at 1h01'19'' Red card 1968 : positive control
  28. Bolley Serge at 1h11'44'' Red card 1974 : positive control
  29. Künde Karl-heinz at 1h12'53''
  30. Swerts Roger at 1h17'15'' Red card 1966 : positive control
  31. Vicentini Flaviano at 1h18'34'' Red card 1968 : positive control
  32. Ballini Roberto at 1h18'44''
  33. Dumont Jean at 1h21'27'' Red card 1971 : positive control
  34. Massignan Imerio at 1h22'59''
  35. De Franceschi Giovanni at 1h26'05''
  36. Theillière Jean-claude at 1h32'54'' Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1975 : absence to control
  37. Maurer Rolf at 1h32'55''
  38. Sgarbozza Luigi at 1h28'01''
  39. Ocana Luis at 1h29'02'' Red card 1977 : positive control
  40. Delisle Raymond Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  41. Polidori Giancarlo at 1h37'00''
  42. Colombo Ugo at 1h31'43''
  43. Negro Albano at 1h43'27''
  44. Benfatto Attilio at 1h45'08''
  45. Garcia Gines at 1h45'20''
  46. Errandonea José-maria at 1h47'49''
  47. Milioli Giuseppe at 1h49'36''
  48. Spruyt Jozef at 1h51'23''
  49. Ferretti Giancarlo at 1h52'12'' Red card 1997 : police investigation
  50. Cucchietti Giampaolo at 1h54'50''
  51. Girard Auguste at 1h56'03''
  52. Carletto Lino at 1h59'44''
  53. Vandenberghe Georges 1941 at 2h01'06''
  54. Carminati Lorenzo at 2h02'16''
  55. Ritter Ole at 2h02'46''
  56. Peffgen Wilfried at 2h04'16'' Red card 1969 : positive control
  57. Neri Guido at 2h10'04'' Red card 1966 : positive control
  58. Reybrouck Guido at 2h14'18'' Red card 1966 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
  59. De Pra Tommaso at 2h14'20''
  60. Basso Marino at 2h14'25'' Red card 2010 : positive control (?)
  61. Fezzardi Giuseppe at 2h15'04''
  62. Della Torre Alberto at 2h17'55''
  63. Rabaute Henri at 2h18'36''
  64. Casalini Emilio at 2h18'45''
  65. Fantinato Bruno at 2h19'08''
  66. Baldan Renzo at 2h22'36''
  67. Mancini Mario at 2h25'21'' Red card 1967 : absence to control
  68. Albonetti Antonio-paolo at 2h26'23''
  69. Grosskost Charly at 2h26'44'' Red card 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
  70. Berland Roland at 2h28'04''
  71. Abt Peter Red card 1968 : positive control
  72. Capodivento Damiano at 2h30'26''
  73. Chiappano Carlo at 2h32'39''
  74. Bocci Eraldo at 2h33'59'' Red card 1967 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
  75. Stefanoni Remo at 2h34'38''
  76. Anni Mario at 2h35'17''
  77. Ghisellini Pierre at 2h36'08''
  78. Mantovani Vincenzo at 2h37'37''
  79. Durante Adriano at 2h41'20'' Red card 1966 : positive control
  80. Campagnari Pietro at 2h44'17''
  81. Pifferi Aldo at 2h46'29'' Red card 1967 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control
  82. Vifian Bernard at 2h46'48''
  83. Samy Daniel at 2h49'05''
  84. Brand Karl at 2h52'05''
  85. Chiarini Vittorio at 2h54'24''
  86. Blanc Francis at 3h02'32''
  87. Galbo Luciano at 3h05'12''
  88. Di Toro Mario Red card 1968 : absence to control
  89. Grassi Giuseppe at 3h08'46''
  90. Dalla Bona Luciano at 3h16'49''
  91. Destro Giorgio at 3h17'00''
  92. Grenier René at 3h22'36''
  93. Van De Rijse Roland at 3h24'24''
  94. Lievore Lucillo at 3h26'56''
  95. Denson Vinson at 3h28'41''
  96. Mazzanti Domenico at 3h33'35''
  97. Locatelli Gilles at 3h43'04''
  98. Poli Alfio at 3h43'58'' Red card 1970 : positive control

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Gabica Francisco
  2. Bitossi Franco
  3. Velez Eusebio
  4. Passuello Adriano
  5. Schiavon Silvano
  6. Pfenninger Louis
  7. Santamarina Luis-pedro
  8. Haast Cees
  9. Farisato Lino
  10. Laghi Renato
  11. Michelotto Claudio
  12. Schutz Edy
  13. Künde Karl-heinz
  14. Ballini Roberto
  15. Massignan Imerio
  16. De Franceschi Giovanni
  17. Maurer Rolf
  18. Sgarbozza Luigi
  19. Polidori Giancarlo
  20. Colombo Ugo
  21. Negro Albano
  22. Benfatto Attilio
  23. Garcia Gines
  24. Errandonea José-maria
  25. Milioli Giuseppe
  26. Spruyt Jozef
  27. Cucchietti Giampaolo
  28. Girard Auguste
  29. Carletto Lino
  30. Vandenberghe Georges 1941
  31. Carminati Lorenzo
  32. Ritter Ole
  33. De Pra Tommaso
  34. Fezzardi Giuseppe
  35. Della Torre Alberto
  36. Rabaute Henri
  37. Casalini Emilio
  38. Fantinato Bruno
  39. Baldan Renzo
  40. Albonetti Antonio-paolo
  41. Berland Roland
  42. Capodivento Damiano
  43. Chiappano Carlo
  44. Stefanoni Remo
  45. Anni Mario
  46. Ghisellini Pierre
  47. Mantovani Vincenzo
  48. Campagnari Pietro
  49. Vifian Bernard
  50. Samy Daniel
  51. Brand Karl
  52. Chiarini Vittorio
  53. Blanc Francis
  54. Galbo Luciano
  55. Grassi Giuseppe
  56. Dalla Bona Luciano
  57. Destro Giorgio
  58. Grenier René
  59. Van De Rijse Roland
  60. Lievore Lucillo
  61. Denson Vinson
  62. Mazzanti Domenico
  63. Locatelli Gilles


List of doping cases during the race

Rider Product Race Year Sanction Control
Abt Peter Amphétamines Tour d'Italie 1968 Oui Contrôle positif
Adorni Vittorio Amphétamines Tour d'Italie 1968 Oui Fraude au contrôle
Balmamion Franco Amphétamines Tour d'Italie 1968 Non Contrôle positif
Bodrero Franco Amphétamines Tour d'Italie 1968 Non Contrôle positif
Delisle Raymond Amphétamines Tour d'Italie 1968 Oui Contrôle positif
Di Toro Mario Tour d'Italie 1968 Oui Constat de carence
Diaz Mariano Amphétamines Tour d'Italie 1968 Oui Contrôle positif
Galera Joaquim Amphétamines Tour d'Italie 1968 Oui Contrôle positif
Gimondi Felice Amphétamines Tour d'Italie 1968 Oui Contrôle positif
Motta Gianni Amphétamines Tour d'Italie 1968 Oui Contrôle positif
Van Schil Victor Tour d'Italie 1968 Oui Fraude au contrôle


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Salvarani

10 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,6 per year

1. Gimondi Felice Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
2. Albonetti Antonio-paolo
3. Altig Rudi Red card 1966 : absence to control ; 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1967 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1969 : controle positif + confessions in 1969 (sanction not known) ; 1971 : absence to control
4. Carletto Lino
5. Chiappano Carlo
6. Dalla Bona Luciano
7. De Pra Tommaso
8. Ferretti Giancarlo Red card 1997 : police investigation
9. Poggiali Roberto
10. Peffgen Wilfried Red card 1969 : positive control

Bic

8 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 3,5 per year

11. Jimenez Julio Yellow card 1967 : positive control and confessions in 1967 (sanction not known)
12. Locatelli Gilles
13. Vanneste Willy Red card 1967 : positive control
14. Haast Cees
15. Sels Edward
16. Grosskost Charly Red card 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
17. Theillière Jean-claude Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1975 : absence to control
18. Ghisellini Pierre
19. Berland Roland
20. Bolley Serge Red card 1974 : positive control

Faema

3 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 2,33 per year

21. Merckx Eddy Red card 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
22. Adorni Vittorio Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : fraud
23. Armani Luciano Red card 1968 : positive control
24. Casalini Emilio
25. Farisato Lino
26. Reybrouck Guido Red card 1966 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
27. Spruyt Jozef
28. Swerts Roger Red card 1966 : positive control
29. Vandenbossche Martin
30. Van Schil Victor Red card 1968 : fraud

Fagor

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

31. Gabica Francisco
32. Velez Eusebio
33. Momene José-antonio
34. Santamarina Luis-pedro
35. Garcia Gines
36. Lopez Rodriguez Jose-manuel
37. Diaz Mariano Red card 1968 : positive control
38. Galera Joaquim Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
39. Errandonea José-maria
40. Ocana Luis Red card 1977 : positive control

Filotex

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

41. Bitossi Franco
42. Zilioli Italo Red card 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control
43. Chiarini Vittorio
44. Colombo Ugo
45. Della Torre Alberto
46. Favaro Giorgio
47. Grassi Giuseppe
48. Passuello Adriano
49. Poli Alfio Red card 1970 : positive control
50. Vicentini Flaviano Red card 1968 : positive control

GBC

7 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,14 per year

51. Capodivento Damiano
52. Destro Giorgio
53. Mazzanti Domenico
54. Poli Giuseppe
55. Abt Peter Red card 1968 : positive control
56. Binggeli René Yellow card 1967 : confessions in 2003 (no penalty)
57. Girard Auguste
58. Maurer Rolf
59. Pfenninger Louis
60. Vifian Bernard

Germanvox

4 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,75 per year

61. Taccone Vito Yellow card 1969 : confessions (no penalty)
62. Ritter Ole
63. Bocci Eraldo Red card 1967 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
64. Carminati Lorenzo
65. Laghi Renato
66. Mantovani Vincenzo
67. Milioli Giuseppe
68. Petersen Hennig
69. Franchini Primo Red card 2000 : police investigation
70. Vittiglio Bruno

Kelvinator

1 year of existence, 1 case, ie 1 per year

71. Benedetti Ottorino
72. Benfatto Attilio
73. Brunetti Carlo Red card 1974 : positive control
74. Denson Vinson
75. Di Toro Mario Red card 1968 : absence to control
76. Künde Karl-heinz
77. Lievore Lucillo
78. Mancini Mario Red card 1967 : absence to control
79. Negro Albano
80. Zanin Mario

Max Meyer

3 years of existence, 0 cases, ie 0 per year

81. Ballini Roberto
82. Cucchietti Giampaolo
83. Durante Adriano Red card 1966 : positive control
84. Fantinato Bruno
85. Galbo Luciano
86. Michelotto Claudio
87. Neri Guido Red card 1966 : positive control
88. Sgarbozza Luigi
89. Stefanoni Remo
90. Zancanaro Giorgio

Molteni

19 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,89 per year

91. Anni Mario
92. Balmamion Franco Yellow card 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
93. Basso Marino Red card 2010 : positive control (?)
94. Blanc Francis
95. Bodrero Franco Yellow card 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
96. Campagnari Pietro
97. Fezzardi Giuseppe
98. Motta Gianni Red card 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1971 : positive control
99. Schutz Edy
100. Tosello Guerrino

Pepsi Cola

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

101. Baldan Renzo
102. Battistini Graziano
103. Bongioni Renato
104. Dancelli Michele Red card 1966 : positive control
105. De Franceschi Giovanni
106. Massignan Imerio
107. Pifferi Aldo Red card 1967 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control
108. Polidori Giancarlo
109. Schiavon Silvano
110. Brand Karl

Peugeot

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

111. Bayssière André Red card 1965 : confessions in 1965
112. Delisle Raymond Red card 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
113. Daunat Jean-claude Red card 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
114. Dumont Jean Red card 1971 : positive control
115. Grenier René
116. Letort Désiré Red card 1967 : positive control, confessions in 1997 ; 1967 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : positive control
117. Pingeon Roger Red card 1970 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1979 (sanction not known)
118. Rabaute Henri
119. Samy Daniel
120. Zimmermann André Red card 1967 : fraud & positive control

Smith's

4 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 1,5 per year

121. Planckaert Willy
122. Vandenberghe Georges 1941
123. Brands Frans
124. De Boever Jaak
125. Claes Jean-baptiste
126. Van Vlierberghe Albert
127. Corthout René Red card 1968 : positive control
128. Kindt Roger Red card 1969 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
129. Van De Rijse Roland
130. Zoet Bart

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also