Giro d'Italia 1968 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Salvarani 10 4 1 1 1 1
Bic 10 5 1 1 0 0
Faema 10 6 2 2 2 2
Fagor 10 3 1 0 0 0
Filotex 10 3 2 1 0 0
GBC 10 2 0 0 0 0
Germanvox 10 3 0 0 0 0
Kelvinator 10 3 0 0 0 0
Max Meyer 10 2 0 0 0 0
Molteni 10 4 2 2 0 0
Pepsi Cola 10 2 1 1 0 0
Peugeot 10 7 0 0 0 0
Smith's 10 2 0 0 0 0
Total 130 46 10 8 3 3
Pourcentage 35,38% 80% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (15/11/2010)

  1. Merckx Eddy in 108h42'27'' - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
  2. Adorni Vittorio at 05'01'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : fraud
  3. Gimondi Felice at 09'05'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
  4. Zilioli Italo at 09'17'' - 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control
  5. Vanneste Willy at 10'43'' - 1967 : positive control
  6. Motta Giannih - 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1971 : positive control
  7. Dancelli Michele at 12'33'' - 1966 : positive control
  8. Balmamion Franco at 15'43'' - 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
  9. Gabica Francisco at 16'59''
  10. Bitossi Franco at 19'02''
  11. Jimenez Julio at 19'51'' - 1967 : positive control and confessions in 1967 (sanction not known)
  12. Bodrero Francoh - 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
  13. Diaz Marianoh - 1968 : positive control
  14. Velez Eusebio at 28'58''
  15. Galera Joaquimh - 1968 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
  16. Passuello Adriano at 36'49''
  17. Schiavon Silvano at 37'35''
  18. Van Schil Victorh - 1968 : fraud
  19. Pfenninger Louis at 46'49''
  20. Taccone Vito at 49'25'' - 1969 : confessions (no penalty)
  21. Santamarina Luis-pedro at 54'26''
  22. Haast Cees at 55'36''
  23. Farisato Lino at 57'32''
  24. Laghi Renato at 59'14''
  25. Michelotto Claudio at 1h00'31''
  26. Schutz Edy at 1h01'14''
  27. Armani Luciano at 1h01'19'' - 1968 : positive control
  28. Bolley Serge at 1h11'44'' - 1974 : positive control
  29. Künde Karl-heinz at 1h12'53''
  30. Swerts Roger at 1h17'15'' - 1966 : positive control
  31. Vicentini Flaviano at 1h18'34'' - 1968 : positive control
  32. Ballini Roberto at 1h18'44''
  33. Dumont Jean at 1h21'27'' - 1971 : positive control
  34. Massignan Imerio at 1h22'59''
  35. De Franceschi Giovanni at 1h26'05''
  36. Theillière Jean-claude at 1h32'54'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1975 : absence to control
  37. Maurer Rolf at 1h32'55''
  38. Sgarbozza Luigi at 1h28'01''
  39. Ocana Luis at 1h29'02'' - 1977 : positive control
  40. Delisle Raymondh - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
  41. Polidori Giancarlo at 1h37'00''
  42. Colombo Ugo at 1h31'43''
  43. Negro Albano at 1h43'27''
  44. Benfatto Attilio at 1h45'08''
  45. Garcia Gines at 1h45'20''
  46. Errandonea José-maria at 1h47'49''
  47. Milioli Giuseppe at 1h49'36''
  48. Spruyt Jozef at 1h51'23''
  49. Ferretti Giancarlo at 1h52'12'' - 1997 : police investigation
  50. Cucchietti Giampaolo at 1h54'50''
  51. Girard Auguste at 1h56'03''
  52. Carletto Lino at 1h59'44''
  53. Vandenberghe Georges at 2h01'06''
  54. Carminati Lorenzo at 2h02'16''
  55. Ritter Ole at 2h02'46''
  56. Peffgen Wilfried at 2h04'16'' - 1969 : positive control
  57. Neri Guido at 2h10'04'' - 1966 : positive control
  58. Reybrouck Guido at 2h14'18'' - 1966 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
  59. De Pra Tommaso at 2h14'20''
  60. Basso Marino at 2h14'25'' - 2010 : positive control (?)
  61. Fezzardi Giuseppe at 2h15'04''
  62. Della Torre Alberto at 2h17'55''
  63. Rabaute Henri at 2h18'36''
  64. Casalini Emilio at 2h18'45''
  65. Fantinato Bruno at 2h19'08''
  66. Baldan Renzo at 2h22'36''
  67. Mancini Mario at 2h25'21'' - 1967 : absence to control
  68. Albonetti Antonio-paolo at 2h26'23''
  69. Grosskost Charly at 2h26'44'' - 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
  70. Berland Roland at 2h28'04''
  71. Abt Peterh - 1968 : positive control
  72. Capodivento Damiano at 2h30'26''
  73. Chiappano Carlo at 2h32'39''
  74. Bocci Eraldo at 2h33'59'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
  75. Stefanoni Remo at 2h34'38''
  76. Anni Mario at 2h35'17''
  77. Ghisellini Pierre at 2h36'08''
  78. Mantovani Vincenzo at 2h37'37''
  79. Durante Adriano at 2h41'20'' - 1966 : positive control
  80. Campagnari Pietro at 2h44'17''
  81. Pifferi Aldo at 2h46'29'' - 1967 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control
  82. Vifian Bernard at 2h46'48''
  83. Samy Daniel at 2h49'05''
  84. Brand Karl at 2h52'05''
  85. Chiarini Vittorio at 2h54'24''
  86. Blanc Francis at 3h02'32''
  87. Galbo Luciano at 3h05'12''
  88. Di Toro Marioh - 1968 : absence to control
  89. Grassi Giuseppe at 3h08'46''
  90. Dalla Bona Luciano at 3h16'49''
  91. Destro Giorgio at 3h17'00''
  92. Grenier René at 3h22'36''
  93. Van De Rijse Roland at 3h24'24''
  94. Lievore Lucillo at 3h26'56''
  95. Denson Vinson at 3h28'41''
  96. Mazzanti Domenico at 3h33'35''
  97. Locatelli Gillesh
  98. Poli Alfio at 3h43'58'' - 1970 : positive control



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Gabica Francisco
  2. Bitossi Franco
  3. Velez Eusebio
  4. Passuello Adriano
  5. Schiavon Silvano
  6. Pfenninger Louis
  7. Santamarina Luis-pedro
  8. Haast Cees
  9. Farisato Lino
  10. Laghi Renato
  11. Michelotto Claudio
  12. Schutz Edy
  13. Künde Karl-heinz
  14. Ballini Roberto
  15. Massignan Imerio
  16. De Franceschi Giovanni
  17. Maurer Rolf
  18. Sgarbozza Luigi
  19. Polidori Giancarlo
  20. Colombo Ugo
  21. Negro Albano
  22. Benfatto Attilio
  23. Garcia Gines
  24. Errandonea José-maria
  25. Milioli Giuseppe
  26. Spruyt Jozef
  27. Cucchietti Giampaolo
  28. Girard Auguste
  29. Carletto Lino
  30. Vandenberghe Georges
  31. Carminati Lorenzo
  32. Ritter Ole
  33. De Pra Tommaso
  34. Fezzardi Giuseppe
  35. Della Torre Alberto
  36. Rabaute Henri
  37. Casalini Emilio
  38. Fantinato Bruno
  39. Baldan Renzo
  40. Albonetti Antonio-paolo
  41. Berland Roland
  42. Capodivento Damiano
  43. Chiappano Carlo
  44. Stefanoni Remo
  45. Anni Mario
  46. Ghisellini Pierre
  47. Mantovani Vincenzo
  48. Campagnari Pietro
  49. Vifian Bernard
  50. Samy Daniel
  51. Brand Karl
  52. Chiarini Vittorio
  53. Blanc Francis
  54. Galbo Luciano
  55. Grassi Giuseppe
  56. Dalla Bona Luciano
  57. Destro Giorgio
  58. Grenier René
  59. Van De Rijse Roland
  60. Lievore Lucillo
  61. Denson Vinson
  62. Mazzanti Domenico
  63. Locatelli Gilles



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Salvarani

10 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,6 per year

1. Gimondi Felice - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
2. Albonetti Antonio-paolo
3. Altig Rudi - 1966 : absence to control ; 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1967 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control ; 1969 : controle positif + confessions in 1969 (sanction not known) ; 1971 : absence to control
4. Carletto Lino
5. Chiappano Carlo
6. Dalla Bona Luciano
7. De Pra Tommaso
8. Ferretti Giancarlo - 1997 : police investigation
9. Poggiali Roberto
10. Peffgen Wilfried - 1969 : positive control

Bic

8 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 3,5 per year

11. Jimenez Julio - 1967 : positive control and confessions in 1967 (sanction not known)
12. Locatelli Gilles
13. Vanneste Willy - 1967 : positive control
14. Haast Cees
15. Sels Edward
16. Grosskost Charly - 1965 : confessions in 1965 ; 1967 : positive control
17. Theillière Jean-claude - 1968 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1975 : absence to control
18. Ghisellini Pierre
19. Berland Roland
20. Bolley Serge - 1974 : positive control

Faema

3 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 2,33 per year

21. Merckx Eddy - 1969 : positive control ; 1973 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1988 (sanction not known) ; 197x : fraud & confessions (sanction not known)
22. Adorni Vittorio - 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : fraud
23. Armani Luciano - 1968 : positive control
24. Casalini Emilio
25. Farisato Lino
26. Reybrouck Guido - 1966 : positive control ; 1968 : positive control
27. Spruyt Jozef
28. Swerts Roger - 1966 : positive control
29. Vandenbossche Martin
30. Van Schil Victor - 1968 : fraud

Fagor

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

31. Gabica Francisco
32. Velez Eusebio
33. Momene José-antonio
34. Santamarina Luis-pedro
35. Garcia Gines
36. Lopez Rodriguez Jose-manuel
37. Diaz Mariano - 1968 : positive control
38. Galera Joaquim - 1968 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
39. Errandonea José-maria
40. Ocana Luis - 1977 : positive control

Filotex

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

41. Bitossi Franco
42. Zilioli Italo - 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1969 : positive control
43. Chiarini Vittorio
44. Colombo Ugo
45. Della Torre Alberto
46. Favaro Giorgio
47. Grassi Giuseppe
48. Passuello Adriano
49. Poli Alfio - 1970 : positive control
50. Vicentini Flaviano - 1968 : positive control

GBC

7 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,14 per year

51. Capodivento Damiano
52. Destro Giorgio
53. Mazzanti Domenico
54. Poli Giuseppe
55. Abt Peter - 1968 : positive control
56. Binggeli René - 1967 : confessions in 2003 (no penalty)
57. Girard Auguste
58. Maurer Rolf
59. Pfenninger Louis
60. Vifian Bernard

Germanvox

4 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,75 per year

61. Taccone Vito - 1969 : confessions (no penalty)
62. Ritter Ole
63. Bocci Eraldo - 1967 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
64. Carminati Lorenzo
65. Laghi Renato
66. Mantovani Vincenzo
67. Milioli Giuseppe
68. Petersen Hennig
69. Franchini Primo - 2000 : police investigation
70. Vittiglio Bruno

Kelvinator

1 year of existence, 1 case, ie 1 per year

71. Benedetti Ottorino
72. Benfatto Attilio
73. Brunetti Carlo - 1974 : positive control
74. Denson Vinson
75. Di Toro Mario - 1968 : absence to control
76. Künde Karl-heinz
77. Lievore Lucillo
78. Mancini Mario - 1967 : absence to control
79. Negro Albano
80. Zanin Mario

Max Meyer

No doping cases listed for this team

81. Ballini Roberto
82. Cucchietti Giampaolo
83. Durante Adriano - 1966 : positive control
84. Fantinato Bruno
85. Galbo Luciano
86. Michelotto Claudio
87. Neri Guido - 1966 : positive control
88. Sgarbozza Luigi
89. Stefanoni Remo
90. Zancanaro Giorgio

Molteni

19 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,89 per year

91. Anni Mario
92. Balmamion Franco - 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
93. Basso Marino - 2010 : positive control (?)
94. Blanc Francis
95. Bodrero Franco - 1968 : positive control (no penalty)
96. Campagnari Pietro
97. Fezzardi Giuseppe
98. Motta Gianni - 1966 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1968 : absence to control (sanction not known) ; 1969 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1971 : positive control
99. Schutz Edy
100. Tosello Guerrino

Pepsi Cola

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

101. Baldan Renzo
102. Battistini Graziano
103. Bongioni Renato
104. Dancelli Michele - 1966 : positive control
105. De Franceschi Giovanni
106. Massignan Imerio
107. Pifferi Aldo - 1967 : absence to control ; 1969 : positive control
108. Polidori Giancarlo
109. Schiavon Silvano
110. Brand Karl

Peugeot

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

111. Bayssière André - 1965 : confessions in 1965
112. Delisle Raymond - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1977 (no penalty)
113. Daunat Jean-claude - 1971 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control ; 1976 : positive control
114. Dumont Jean - 1971 : positive control
115. Grenier René
116. Letort Désiré - 1967 : positive control, confessions in 1997 ; 1967 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1968 : positive control ; 1969 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1971 : positive control
117. Pingeon Roger - 1970 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control ; 197x : confessions in 1979 (sanction not known)
118. Rabaute Henri
119. Samy Daniel
120. Zimmermann André - 1967 : fraud & positive control

Smith's

4 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 1,25 per year

121. Planckaert Willy
122. Vandenberghe Georges
123. Brands Frans
124. De Boever Jaak
125. Claes Jean-baptiste
126. Van Vlierberghe Albert
127. Corthout René - 1968 : positive control
128. Kindt Roger - 1969 : positive control ; 1970 : positive control
129. Van De Rijse Roland
130. Zoet Bart



See also