Giro d'Italia 1993 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Banesto 9 4 1 1 1 1
Amore & Vita 9 3 0 0 0 0
Artiach 9 1 0 0 0 0
Carrera 9 6 3 2 1 1
Castorama 9 5 0 0 0 0
Ariostea 9 5 1 0 0 0
Eldor 9 0 0 0 0 0
Lotus 9 1 0 0 0 0
Gan 9 3 0 0 0 0
Gatorade 9 3 0 0 0 0
Jolly 9 2 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 4 0 0 0 0
Lampre 9 3 2 1 0 0
Mecair 9 4 2 1 1 1
Mercatone Uno 9 5 0 0 0 0
GB-MG 9 3 1 1 0 0
Motorola 9 1 0 0 0 0
Navigare 9 4 0 0 0 0
Telekom 9 7 0 0 0 0
ZG Mobili 9 3 0 0 0 0
Total 180 67 10 6 3 3
Pourcentage 37% 60% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (11/11/2010)

  1. Indurain Miguel in 98h09'44'' Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  2. Ugrumov Piotr at 0h00'58'' Yellow card 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  3. Chiappucci Claudio at 0h05'27'' Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
  4. Lelli Massimiliano at 0h06'09''
  5. Tonkov Pavel at 0h07'11'' Yellow card 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
  6. Argentin Moreno at 0h09'12''
  7. Pulnikov Vladimir at 0h11'30''
  8. Fondriest Maurizio at 0h12'53''
  9. Roche Stephen at 0h13'31'' Red card 1993 : police investigation
  10. Jaskula Zenon Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  11. Giupponi Flavio at 0h14'59'' Red card 1988 : absence to control
  12. Furlan Giorgio at 0h16'57'' Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  13. Belli Wladimir at 0h18'46''
  14. Hampsten Andrew at 0h19'25''
  15. Leali Bruno at 0h19'34'' Red card 2010 : police investigation
  16. Zaina Enrico at 0h24'00''
  17. Imboden Heinz at 0h25'18''
  18. Bugno Gianni at 0h27'01'' Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  19. Chioccioli Franco at 0h29'49''
  20. Rodriguez Nelson at 0h30'41''
  21. Della Santa Stefano at 0h30'49''
  22. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo at 0h34'50''
  23. Faresin Gianni at 0h37'46'' Red card 2000 : blood test
  24. Volpi Alberto at 0h38'43'' Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
  25. Bourguignon Thierry at 0h39'22''
  26. Konyshev Dimitri at 0h39'49''
  27. Brochard Laurent at 0h42'52'' Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  28. Giovannetti Marco at 0h52'44''
  29. Bordonali Fabio at 0h55'02''
  30. Mejia Alvaro at 0h55'47'' Red card 1987 : positive control
  31. Rue Gérard at 0h58'24''
  32. Chozas Eduardo at 1h02'14''
  33. Bolts Udo at 1h03'08'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  34. Madouas Laurent at 1h09'09'' Red card 1994 : positive control
  35. Bonca Walter at 1h09'37''
  36. Gelfi Luca at 1h10'47''
  37. Mora Zarate Nestor at 1h13'05''
  38. Munoz Federico at 1h13'59'' Red card 2004 : positive control
  39. Sierra Leonardo at 1h14'31''
  40. Casagrande Francesco at 1h14'49'' Red card 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
  41. Pillon Laurent at 1h15'24''
  42. Hernandez Calvo Santos at 1h15'25''
  43. De Las Cuevas Armand at 1h15'39'' Red card 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
  44. Simon Jérôme at 1h16'14''
  45. Gusmeroli Roberto at 1h17'15''
  46. Gainetdinov Romes at 1h17'24''
  47. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h18'19'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  48. Hundertmarck Kai at 1h22'26''
  49. Moreno Torres Luis-felipe at 1h22'45''
  50. Pellicioli Oscar at 1h34'05''
  51. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar at 1h34'57''
  52. Saligari Marco at 1h40'48''
  53. Podenzana Massimo at 1h41'47'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  54. Botarelli Paolo at 1h41'52''
  55. Bortolami Gianluca at 1h42'48'' Red card 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
  56. Finco Carlo at 1h45'33''
  57. Vona Franco at 1h46'00''
  58. Van Aert Jos at 1h46'05''
  59. Martinez Diaz Juan-josé at 1h49'55''
  60. Bontempi Guido at 1h50'25'' Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
  61. Bobrik Vladislav at 1h50'33''
  62. Roscioli Fabio at 1h51'41''
  63. Indurain Prudencio at 1h53'04''
  64. Chiesa Mario at 1h57'53'' Yellow card 1993 : police investigation (no penalty)
  65. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 1h59'16'' Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  66. Cassani Davide at 1h59'27''
  67. Kummer Mario at 1h59'41'' Yellow card 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  68. Van Lancker Eric at 2h01'06''
  69. Ghirotto Massimo at 2h01'55''
  70. Aldag Rolf at 2h03'09'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  71. Desbiens Laurent at 2h05'15'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  72. De Santos Arribas José-luis at 2h05'28''
  73. Da Silva Acacio at 2h05'45'' Red card 1984 : positive control
  74. Nuzzi Maurizio at 2h07'18''
  75. Bottaro Dario at 2h07'33''
  76. Perini Giancarlo at 2h08'11'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  77. Coppolillo Michele at 2h08'18'' Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  78. Boden Falk at 2h08'54''
  79. Miranda Carmelo at 2h09'49''
  80. Baffi Adriano at 2h09'58''
  81. Casado Philippe at 2h10'05''
  82. Vanzella Flavio at 2h11'19'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  83. Teteriouk Andrei at 2h12'06''
  84. Piccoli Mariano Red card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  85. Thibout Bruno at 2h12'41''
  86. Espinosa Sepulv. Luis-edgar at 2h13'38''
  87. Colage Stefano at 2h15'08'' Red card 2021 : positive control
  88. Baldato Fabio at 2h15'21''
  89. Bauer Steve at 2h16'10''
  90. Berzin Evgueni at 2h17'19'' Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
  91. Stenersen Bjorn at 2h21'47''
  92. Manin Christophe at 2h22'23''
  93. Petito Giuseppe at 2h22'56''
  94. Zen Marco at 2h23'32''
  95. Moreau Francis at 2h28'46'' Red card 1996 : positive control
  96. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 2h29'12'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  97. Henn Christian at 2h30'00'' Red card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  98. Caruso Roberto at 2h30'09''
  99. Molinari Maurizio at 2h30'23''
  100. Van Der Poel Adrie at 2h30'34'' Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  101. Tchmil Andrei at 2h30'55''
  102. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan at 2h32'48''
  103. Citracca Angelo at 2h32'53''
  104. Galati Vincenzo at 2h34'34''
  105. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis at 2h35'09'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  106. Leoni Endrio at 2h36'11'' Red card 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
  107. Casartelli Fabio at 2h36'15''
  108. Manuylov Yuri at 2h37'07''
  109. Nicoletti Dario at 2h37'12''
  110. Allocchio Stefano at 2h38'24''
  111. Cabello Francisco at 2h38'42'' Red card 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  112. Bontempi Fabrizio at 2h39'08''
  113. Saitov Asiate at 2h39'46''
  114. Navarro Tatay Asencio at 2h41'30''
  115. Scirea Mario at 2h41'43'' Red card 2004 : in the act
  116. Neves Da Silva Americo at 2h41'55''
  117. Rezze Dante at 2h42'27''
  118. Fontanelli Fabiano at 2h42'49'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
  119. Magnien Emmanuel at 2h43'25'' Red card 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
  120. Maechler Erich at 2h47'07''
  121. Manzoni Mario at 2h47'29'' Red card 1998 : blood test
  122. Lom Lubos at 2h51'29''
  123. Svorada Jan at 2h51'54''
  124. Kappes Andreas at 2h54'22'' Red card 1997 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
  125. Dernies Michel at 2h55'37''
  126. Zanatta Stefano at 2h58'14''
  127. Alvis Norman at 3h01'35''
  128. Moro Michele at 3h04'22''
  129. Larsen Steven at 3h04'51''
  130. Forconi Riccardo at 3h05'52'' Red card 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
  131. Poli Eros at 3h12'28'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  132. Giraldi Stefano at 3h24'19''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lelli Massimiliano
  2. Argentin Moreno
  3. Pulnikov Vladimir
  4. Fondriest Maurizio
  5. Belli Wladimir
  6. Hampsten Andrew
  7. Zaina Enrico
  8. Imboden Heinz
  9. Chioccioli Franco
  10. Rodriguez Nelson
  11. Della Santa Stefano
  12. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo
  13. Bourguignon Thierry
  14. Konyshev Dimitri
  15. Giovannetti Marco
  16. Bordonali Fabio
  17. Rue Gérard
  18. Chozas Eduardo
  19. Bonca Walter
  20. Gelfi Luca
  21. Mora Zarate Nestor
  22. Sierra Leonardo
  23. Pillon Laurent
  24. Hernandez Calvo Santos
  25. Simon Jérôme
  26. Gusmeroli Roberto
  27. Gainetdinov Romes
  28. Hundertmarck Kai
  29. Moreno Torres Luis-felipe
  30. Pellicioli Oscar
  31. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
  32. Saligari Marco
  33. Botarelli Paolo
  34. Finco Carlo
  35. Vona Franco
  36. Van Aert Jos
  37. Martinez Diaz Juan-josé
  38. Bobrik Vladislav
  39. Roscioli Fabio
  40. Indurain Prudencio
  41. Cassani Davide
  42. Van Lancker Eric
  43. Ghirotto Massimo
  44. De Santos Arribas José-luis
  45. Nuzzi Maurizio
  46. Bottaro Dario
  47. Boden Falk
  48. Miranda Carmelo
  49. Baffi Adriano
  50. Casado Philippe
  51. Teteriouk Andrei
  52. Thibout Bruno
  53. Espinosa Sepulv. Luis-edgar
  54. Baldato Fabio
  55. Bauer Steve
  56. Stenersen Bjorn
  57. Manin Christophe
  58. Petito Giuseppe
  59. Zen Marco
  60. Caruso Roberto
  61. Molinari Maurizio
  62. Tchmil Andrei
  63. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
  64. Citracca Angelo
  65. Galati Vincenzo
  66. Casartelli Fabio
  67. Manuylov Yuri
  68. Nicoletti Dario
  69. Allocchio Stefano
  70. Bontempi Fabrizio
  71. Saitov Asiate
  72. Navarro Tatay Asencio
  73. Neves Da Silva Americo
  74. Rezze Dante
  75. Maechler Erich
  76. Lom Lubos
  77. Svorada Jan
  78. Dernies Michel
  79. Zanatta Stefano
  80. Alvis Norman
  81. Moro Michele
  82. Larsen Steven
  83. Giraldi Stefano


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Banesto

45 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,64 per year

1. Indurain Miguel Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
2. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
3. De Las Cuevas Armand Red card 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
4. De Santos Arribas José-luis
5. Heulot Stéphane Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (no penalty)
6. Indurain Prudencio
7. Philipot Fabrice
8. Rue Gérard
9. San Roman Martin Francisco Ignacio

Amore & Vita

33 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,27 per year

11. Barsotelli Gian Luigi
12. Giraldi Stefano
13. Calcaterra Giuseppe Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
14. Forconi Riccardo Red card 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
15. Galati Vincenzo
16. Massi Rodolfo Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
17. Milan Flavio
18. Molinari Maurizio
19. Risi Bruno

Artiach

12 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,25 per year

21. Clavero Sebastian Daniel Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
22. Chozas Eduardo
23. Espinosa Sepulv. Luis-edgar
24. Neves Da Silva Americo
25. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
26. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
27. Miranda Carmelo
28. Navarro Tatay Asencio
29. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan

Carrera

21 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,52 per year

31. Chiappucci Claudio Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
32. Roche Stephen Red card 1993 : police investigation
33. Bontempi Guido Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
34. Pantani Marco Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
35. Pulnikov Vladimir
36. Rossi Remo
37. Roscioli Fabio
38. Chiesa Mario Yellow card 1993 : police investigation (no penalty)
39. Tafi Andrea Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Castorama

24 years of existence, 22 cases, ie 0,92 per year

41. Leblanc Luc Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
42. Bourguignon Thierry
43. Bouvatier Philippe
44. Magnien Emmanuel Red card 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
45. Desbiens Laurent Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
46. Madouas Laurent Red card 1994 : positive control
47. Brochard Laurent Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
48. Rezze Dante
49. Thibout Bruno

Ariostea

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

51. Casartelli Fabio
52. Cenghialta Bruno Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
53. Conti Roberto Red card 2002 : in the act
54. Furlan Giorgio Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
55. Lelli Massimiliano
56. Cassani Davide
57. Riis Bjarne Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
58. Saligari Marco
59. Santaromita Mauro-antonio Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)

Eldor

61. Giovannetti Marco
62. Consonni Mauro
63. Della Santa Stefano
64. Gelfi Luca
65. Gonzalez Salvador Juan-carlos
66. Hernandez Calvo Santos
67. Nicoletti Dario
68. Bontempi Fabrizio
69. Teteriouk Andrei

Lotus

71. Van Aert Jos
72. Boden Falk
73. Finco Carlo
74. Gainetdinov Romes
75. Pinero Gallego Fernando
76. Manuylov Yuri
77. Perez Font Xavier
78. Van Lancker Eric
79. Rooks Steven Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)

Gan

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

81. Aubier Nicolas Yellow card 1996 : confessions in 1997 (no penalty)
82. Bezault Laurent
83. Capelle Christophe
84. Casado Philippe
85. Garel Hervé Yellow card 1992 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
86. Lemond Greg
87. Moreau Francis Red card 1996 : positive control
88. Seigneur Eddy
89. Simon Jérôme

Gatorade

18 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,56 per year

91. Bugno Gianni Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
92. Chiurato Andrea
93. Manzoni Mario Red card 1998 : blood test
94. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo
95. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
96. Pellicioli Oscar
97. Scirea Mario Red card 2004 : in the act
98. Zanatta Stefano
99. Tebaldi Valerio

Jolly

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

101. Bonca Walter
102. Botarelli Paolo
103. Nuzzi Maurizio
104. Konyshev Dimitri
105. Leclercq Jean-claude
106. Leoni Endrio Red card 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
107. Maechler Erich
108. Mariuzzo Dario
109. Siboni Marcello Red card 2001 : in the act

Kelme

36 years of existence, 27 cases, ie 0,75 per year

111. Saitov Asiate
112. Buenahora Hernan Red card 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
113. Mora Zarate Nestor
114. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin Yellow card 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
115. Martinez Diaz Juan-josé
116. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
117. Munoz Federico Red card 2004 : positive control
118. Moreno Torres Luis-felipe
119. Cabello Francisco Red card 1994 : positive control (5 times)

Lampre

7 years of existence, 0 cases, ie 0 per year

121. Fondriest Maurizio
122. Bortolami Gianluca Red card 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
123. Allocchio Stefano
124. Belli Wladimir
125. Da Silva Acacio Red card 1984 : positive control
126. Gontchenkov Alexandre
127. Tonkov Pavel Yellow card 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
128. Svorada Jan
129. Zen Marco

Mecair

5 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 2,6 per year

131. Argentin Moreno
132. Ugrumov Piotr Yellow card 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
133. Volpi Alberto Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
134. Imboden Heinz
135. Bottaro Dario
136. Berzin Evgueni Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
137. Bobrik Vladislav
138. Martinelli Gianvito
139. Kappes Andreas Red card 1997 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control (no penalty)

Mercatone Uno

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

141. Baffi Adriano
142. Bordonali Fabio
143. Piccoli Mariano Red card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
144. Casagrande Francesco Red card 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
145. Giupponi Flavio Red card 1988 : absence to control
146. Leali Bruno Red card 2010 : police investigation
147. Van Der Poel Adrie Red card 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
148. Zaina Enrico
149. Petito Giuseppe

GB-MG

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

151. Baldato Fabio
152. Chioccioli Franco
153. Jaskula Zenon Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
154. Gusmeroli Roberto
155. Pillon Laurent
156. Vona Franco
157. Tchmil Andrei
158. Vanzella Flavio Red card 1986 : positive control
159. Poli Eros Red card 1986 : positive control

Motorola

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

161. Hampsten Andrew
162. Alvis Norman
163. Bauer Steve
164. Dernies Michel
165. Hundertmarck Kai
166. Larsen Steven
167. Manin Christophe
168. Mejia Alvaro Red card 1987 : positive control
169. Stenersen Bjorn

Navigare

171. Pagnin Roberto
172. Zanini Stefano Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
173. Fontanelli Fabiano Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
174. Podenzana Massimo Red card 1986 : positive control
175. Shefer Alexandre
176. Ichikawa Masatoshi
177. Coppolillo Michele Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
178. Lom Lubos
179. Citracca Angelo

Telekom

23 years of existence, 48 cases, ie 2,09 per year

181. Aldag Rolf Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
182. Ampler Uwe Red card 1993 : confessions in 1994 (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
183. Bolts Udo Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
184. Groene Bernd
185. Heppner Jens Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
186. Kummer Mario Yellow card 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
187. Raab Uwe Yellow card 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
188. Wesemann Steffen
189. Henn Christian Red card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control

ZG Mobili

191. Sierra Leonardo
192. Ghirotto Massimo
193. Perini Giancarlo Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
194. Faresin Gianni Red card 2000 : blood test
195. Colage Stefano Red card 2021 : positive control
196. Moro Michele
197. Trepin Diego
198. Caruso Roberto
199. Rodriguez Nelson

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also