Giro d'Italia 1993 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Banesto 9 3 1 1 1 1
Amore & Vita 9 3 0 0 0 0
Artiach 9 1 0 0 0 0
Carrera 9 4 3 1 1 1
Castorama 9 5 0 0 0 0
Ariostea 9 5 1 0 0 0
Eldor 9 0 0 0 0 0
Lotus 9 1 0 0 0 0
Gan 9 3 0 0 0 0
Gatorade 9 3 0 0 0 0
Jolly 9 2 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 4 0 0 0 0
Lampre 9 3 2 1 0 0
Mecair 9 4 2 1 1 1
Mercatone Uno 9 5 0 0 0 0
GB-MG 9 3 1 1 0 0
Motorola 9 1 0 0 0 0
Navigare 9 3 0 0 0 0
Telekom 9 7 0 0 0 0
ZG Mobili 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 180 62 10 5 3 3
Pourcentage 34,44% 50% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (11/11/2010)

  1. Indurain Miguel in 98h09'44'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  2. Ugrumov Piotr at 00'58'' - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  3. Chiappucci Claudio at 05'27'' - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
  4. Lelli Massimiliano at 06'09''
  5. Tonkov Pavel at 07'11'' - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
  6. Argentin Moreno at 09'12''
  7. Pulnikov Vladimir at 11'30''
  8. Fondriest Maurizio at 12'53''
  9. Roche Stephen at 13'31''
  10. Jaskula Zenonh - 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  11. Giupponi Flavio at 14'59'' - 1988 : absence to control
  12. Furlan Giorgio at 16'57'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  13. Belli Wladimir at 18'46''
  14. Hampsten Andrew at 19'25''
  15. Leali Bruno at 19'34'' - 2010 : police investigation
  16. Zaina Enrico at 24'00''
  17. Imboden Heinz at 25'18''
  18. Bugno Gianni at 27'01'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  19. Chioccioli Franco at 29'49''
  20. Rodriguez Nelson at 30'41''
  21. Della Santa Stefano at 30'49''
  22. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo at 34'50''
  23. Faresin Gianni at 37'46'' - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  24. Volpi Alberto at 38'43'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
  25. Bourguignon Thierry at 39'22''
  26. Konyshev Dimitri at 39'49''
  27. Brochard Laurent at 42'52'' - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  28. Giovannetti Marco at 52'44''
  29. Bordonali Fabio at 55'02''
  30. Mejia Alvaro at 55'47'' - 1987 : positive control
  31. Rue Gérard at 58'24''
  32. Chozas Eduardo at 1h02'14''
  33. Bolts Udo at 1h03'08'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  34. Madouas Laurent at 1h09'09'' - 1994 : positive control
  35. Bonca Walter at 1h09'37''
  36. Gelfi Luca at 1h10'47''
  37. Mora Zarate Nestor at 1h13'05''
  38. Munoz Federico at 1h13'59'' - 2004 : positive control
  39. Sierra Leonardo at 1h14'31''
  40. Casagrande Francesco at 1h14'49'' - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
  41. Pillon Laurent at 1h15'24''
  42. Hernandez Calvo Santos at 1h15'25''
  43. De Las Cuevas Armand at 1h15'39'' - 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
  44. Simon Jérôme at 1h16'14''
  45. Gusmeroli Roberto at 1h17'15''
  46. Gainetdinov Rames at 1h17'24''
  47. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h18'19'' - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  48. Hundertmarck Kai at 1h22'26''
  49. Moreno Torres Luis-felipe at 1h22'45''
  50. Pellicioli Oscar at 1h34'05''
  51. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar at 1h34'57''
  52. Saligari Marco at 1h40'48''
  53. Podenzana Massimo at 1h41'47'' - 1986 : positive control
  54. Botarelli Paolo at 1h41'52''
  55. Bortolami Gianluca at 1h42'48'' - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
  56. Finco Carlo at 1h45'33''
  57. Vona Franco at 1h46'00''
  58. Van Aert Jos at 1h46'05''
  59. Martinez Diaz Juan-josé at 1h49'55''
  60. Bontempi Guido at 1h50'25'' - 1987 : positive control
  61. Bobrik Vladislav at 1h50'33''
  62. Roscioli Fabio at 1h51'41''
  63. Indurain Prudencio at 1h53'04''
  64. Chiesa Mario at 1h57'53''
  65. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 1h59'16'' - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  66. Cassani Davide at 1h59'27''
  67. Kummer Mario at 1h59'41'' - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  68. Van Lancker Eric at 2h01'06''
  69. Ghirotto Massimo at 2h01'55''
  70. Aldag Rolf at 2h03'09'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  71. Desbiens Laurent at 2h05'15'' - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  72. De Santos Arribas José-luis at 2h05'28''
  73. Da Silva Acacio at 2h05'45'' - 1984 : positive control
  74. Nuzzi Maurizio at 2h07'18''
  75. Bottaro Dario at 2h07'33''
  76. Perini Giancarlo at 2h08'11'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  77. Coppolillo Michele at 2h08'18''
  78. Boden Falk at 2h08'54''
  79. Miranda Carmelo at 2h09'49''
  80. Baffi Adriano at 2h09'58''
  81. Casado Philippe at 2h10'05''
  82. Vanzella Flavio at 2h11'19'' - 1986 : positive control
  83. Teteriouk Andrei at 2h12'06''
  84. Piccoli Marianoh - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  85. Thibout Bruno at 2h12'41''
  86. Espinosa Sepulv. Luis-edgar at 2h13'38''
  87. Colage Stefano at 2h15'08''
  88. Baldato Fabio at 2h15'21''
  89. Bauer Steve at 2h16'10''
  90. Berzin Evgueni at 2h17'19'' - 2000 : blood test
  91. Stenersen Bjorn at 2h21'47''
  92. Manin Christophe at 2h22'23''
  93. Petito Giuseppe at 2h22'56''
  94. Zen Marco at 2h23'32''
  95. Moreau Francis at 2h28'46'' - 1996 : positive control
  96. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 2h29'12'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  97. Henn Christian at 2h30'00'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  98. Caruso Roberto at 2h30'09''
  99. Molinari Maurizio at 2h30'23''
  100. Van Der Poel Adrie at 2h30'34'' - 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  101. Tchmil Andrei at 2h30'55''
  102. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan at 2h32'48''
  103. Citracca Angelo at 2h32'53''
  104. Galati Vincenzo at 2h34'34''
  105. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis at 2h35'09'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  106. Leoni Endrio at 2h36'11'' - 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
  107. Casartelli Fabio at 2h36'15''
  108. Manuylov Yuri at 2h37'07''
  109. Nicoletti Dario at 2h37'12''
  110. Allocchio Stefano at 2h38'24''
  111. Cabello Francisco at 2h38'42'' - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  112. Bontempi Fabrizio at 2h39'08''
  113. Saitov Asiate at 2h39'46''
  114. Navarro Tatay Asencio at 2h41'30''
  115. Scirea Mario at 2h41'43'' - 2004 : in the act
  116. Neves Da Silva Americo at 2h41'55''
  117. Rezze Dante at 2h42'27''
  118. Fontanelli Fabiano at 2h42'49'' - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
  119. Magnien Emmanuel at 2h43'25'' - 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
  120. Maechler Erich at 2h47'07''
  121. Manzoni Mario at 2h47'29'' - 1998 : blood test
  122. Lom Lubos at 2h51'29''
  123. Svorada Jan at 2h51'54''
  124. Kappes Andreas at 2h54'22'' - 1997 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
  125. Dernies Michel at 2h55'37''
  126. Zanatta Stefano at 2h58'14''
  127. Alvis Norman at 3h01'35''
  128. Moro Michele at 3h04'22''
  129. Larsen Steven at 3h04'51''
  130. Forconi Riccardo at 3h05'52'' - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
  131. Poli Eros at 3h12'28'' - 1986 : positive control
  132. Giraldi Stefano at 3h24'19''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lelli Massimiliano
  2. Argentin Moreno
  3. Pulnikov Vladimir
  4. Fondriest Maurizio
  5. Roche Stephen
  6. Belli Wladimir
  7. Hampsten Andrew
  8. Zaina Enrico
  9. Imboden Heinz
  10. Chioccioli Franco
  11. Rodriguez Nelson
  12. Della Santa Stefano
  13. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo
  14. Bourguignon Thierry
  15. Konyshev Dimitri
  16. Giovannetti Marco
  17. Bordonali Fabio
  18. Rue Gérard
  19. Chozas Eduardo
  20. Bonca Walter
  21. Gelfi Luca
  22. Mora Zarate Nestor
  23. Sierra Leonardo
  24. Pillon Laurent
  25. Hernandez Calvo Santos
  26. Simon Jérôme
  27. Gusmeroli Roberto
  28. Gainetdinov Rames
  29. Hundertmarck Kai
  30. Moreno Torres Luis-felipe
  31. Pellicioli Oscar
  32. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
  33. Saligari Marco
  34. Botarelli Paolo
  35. Finco Carlo
  36. Vona Franco
  37. Van Aert Jos
  38. Martinez Diaz Juan-josé
  39. Bobrik Vladislav
  40. Roscioli Fabio
  41. Indurain Prudencio
  42. Chiesa Mario
  43. Cassani Davide
  44. Van Lancker Eric
  45. Ghirotto Massimo
  46. De Santos Arribas José-luis
  47. Nuzzi Maurizio
  48. Bottaro Dario
  49. Coppolillo Michele
  50. Boden Falk
  51. Miranda Carmelo
  52. Baffi Adriano
  53. Casado Philippe
  54. Teteriouk Andrei
  55. Thibout Bruno
  56. Espinosa Sepulv. Luis-edgar
  57. Colage Stefano
  58. Baldato Fabio
  59. Bauer Steve
  60. Stenersen Bjorn
  61. Manin Christophe
  62. Petito Giuseppe
  63. Zen Marco
  64. Caruso Roberto
  65. Molinari Maurizio
  66. Tchmil Andrei
  67. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
  68. Citracca Angelo
  69. Galati Vincenzo
  70. Casartelli Fabio
  71. Manuylov Yuri
  72. Nicoletti Dario
  73. Allocchio Stefano
  74. Bontempi Fabrizio
  75. Saitov Asiate
  76. Navarro Tatay Asencio
  77. Neves Da Silva Americo
  78. Rezze Dante
  79. Maechler Erich
  80. Lom Lubos
  81. Svorada Jan
  82. Dernies Michel
  83. Zanatta Stefano
  84. Alvis Norman
  85. Moro Michele
  86. Larsen Steven
  87. Giraldi Stefano



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Banesto

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

1. Indurain Miguel - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
2. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
3. De Las Cuevas Armand - 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
4. De Santos Arribas José-luis
5. Heulot Stéphane
6. Indurain Prudencio
7. Philipot Fabrice
8. Rue Gérard
9. San Roman Martin Francisco Ignacio

Amore & Vita

31 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,29 per year

11. Barsotelli Gian Luigi
12. Giraldi Stefano
13. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
14. Forconi Riccardo - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
15. Galati Vincenzo
16. Massi Rodolfo - 1998 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
17. Milan Flavio
18. Molinari Maurizio
19. Risi Bruno

Artiach

21. Clavero Sebastian Daniel - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
22. Chozas Eduardo
23. Espinosa Sepulv. Luis-edgar
24. Neves Da Silva Americo
25. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
26. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
27. Miranda Carmelo
28. Navarro Tatay Asencio
29. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan

Carrera

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

31. Chiappucci Claudio - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
32. Roche Stephen
33. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
34. Pantani Marco - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
35. Pulnikov Vladimir
36. Rossi Remo
37. Roscioli Fabio
38. Chiesa Mario
39. Tafi Andrea - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Castorama

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

41. Leblanc Luc - 1994 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions (no penalty)
42. Bourguignon Thierry
43. Bouvatier Philippe
44. Magnien Emmanuel - 1998 : blood control (sanction not known) ; 2000 : positive control
45. Desbiens Laurent - 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
46. Madouas Laurent - 1994 : positive control
47. Brochard Laurent - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
48. Rezze Dante
49. Thibout Bruno

Ariostea

51. Casartelli Fabio
52. Cenghialta Bruno - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
53. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
54. Furlan Giorgio - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
55. Lelli Massimiliano
56. Cassani Davide
57. Riis Bjarne - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
58. Saligari Marco
59. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)

Eldor

61. Giovannetti Marco
62. Consonni Mauro
63. Della Santa Stefano
64. Gelfi Luca
65. Gonzalez Salvador Juan-carlos
66. Hernandez Calvo Santos
67. Nicoletti Dario
68. Bontempi Fabrizio
69. Teteriouk Andrei

Lotus

71. Van Aert Jos
72. Boden Falk
73. Finco Carlo
74. Gainetdinov Rames
75. Pinero Gallego Fernando
76. Manuylov Yuri
77. Perez Font Xavier
78. Van Lancker Eric
79. Rooks Steven - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)

Gan

64 years of existence, 73 cases, ie 1,14 per year

81. Aubier Nicolas - 1996 : confessions in 1997 (no penalty)
82. Bezault Laurent
83. Capelle Christophe
84. Casado Philippe
85. Garel Hervé - 1992 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
86. Lemond Greg
87. Moreau Francis - 1996 : positive control
88. Seigneur Eddy
89. Simon Jérôme

Gatorade

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

91. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
92. Chiurato Andrea
93. Manzoni Mario - 1998 : blood test
94. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo
95. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
96. Pellicioli Oscar
97. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
98. Zanatta Stefano
99. Tebaldi Valerio

Jolly

101. Bonca Walter
102. Botarelli Paolo
103. Nuzzi Maurizio
104. Konyshev Dimitri
105. Leclercq Jean-claude
106. Leoni Endrio - 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
107. Maechler Erich
108. Mariuzzo Dario
109. Siboni Marcello - 2001 : in the act

Kelme

111. Saitov Asiate
112. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
113. Mora Zarate Nestor
114. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
115. Martinez Diaz Juan-josé
116. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
117. Munoz Federico - 2004 : positive control
118. Moreno Torres Luis-felipe
119. Cabello Francisco - 1994 : positive control (5 times)

Lampre

121. Fondriest Maurizio
122. Bortolami Gianluca - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
123. Allocchio Stefano
124. Belli Wladimir
125. Da Silva Acacio - 1984 : positive control
126. Gontchenkov Alexandre
127. Tonkov Pavel - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
128. Svorada Jan
129. Zen Marco

Mecair

5 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,8 per year

131. Argentin Moreno
132. Ugrumov Piotr - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
133. Volpi Alberto - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
134. Imboden Heinz
135. Bottaro Dario
136. Berzin Evgueni - 2000 : blood test
137. Bobrik Vladislav
138. Martinelli Gianvito
139. Kappes Andreas - 1997 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control (no penalty)

Mercatone Uno

141. Baffi Adriano
142. Bordonali Fabio
143. Piccoli Mariano - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
144. Casagrande Francesco - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
145. Giupponi Flavio - 1988 : absence to control
146. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
147. Van Der Poel Adrie - 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
148. Zaina Enrico
149. Petito Giuseppe

GB-MG

7 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,43 per year

151. Baldato Fabio
152. Chioccioli Franco
153. Jaskula Zenon - 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
154. Gusmeroli Roberto
155. Pillon Laurent
156. Vona Franco
157. Tchmil Andrei
158. Vanzella Flavio - 1986 : positive control
159. Poli Eros - 1986 : positive control

Motorola

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

161. Hampsten Andrew
162. Alvis Norman
163. Bauer Steve
164. Dernies Michel
165. Hundertmarck Kai
166. Larsen Steven
167. Manin Christophe
168. Mejia Alvaro - 1987 : positive control
169. Stenersen Bjorn

Navigare

171. Pagnin Roberto
172. Zanini Stefano - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
173. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
174. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control
175. Shefer Alexandre
176. Ichikawa Masatoshi
177. Coppolillo Michele
178. Lom Lubos
179. Citracca Angelo

Telekom

23 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 1,35 per year

181. Aldag Rolf - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
182. Ampler Uwe - 1993 : confessions in 1994 (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
183. Bolts Udo - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
184. Groene Bernd
185. Heppner Jens - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
186. Kummer Mario - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
187. Raab Uwe - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
188. Wesemann Steffen
189. Henn Christian - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control

ZG Mobili

191. Sierra Leonardo
192. Ghirotto Massimo
193. Perini Giancarlo - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
194. Faresin Gianni - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
195. Colage Stefano
196. Moro Michele
197. Trepin Diego
198. Caruso Roberto
199. Rodriguez Nelson



See also