Giro d'Italia 1984 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Del Tongo 9 3 0 0 0 0
Alfa Lum 9 2 1 1 0 0
Ariostea 9 1 0 0 0 0
Atala 9 3 0 0 0 0
Bianchi 9 1 0 0 0 0
Carrera 9 5 0 0 0 0
Dromedario 9 2 0 0 0 0
Fanini 9 2 0 0 0 0
Zor 9 1 0 0 0 0
Gis 9 2 1 1 1 1
Linea Italia 9 0 0 0 0 0
Cilo 9 3 1 1 0 0
Malvor 9 1 1 0 0 0
Metauromobili 9 2 2 2 0 0
Murella 9 1 2 0 0 0
Renault 9 3 1 1 1 1
Sammontana 9 1 1 0 1 0
Santini 9 0 0 0 0 0
Brianzoli 9 0 0 0 0 0
Total 171 33 10 6 3 2
Pourcentage 19,3% 60% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (13/11/2010)

  1. Moser Francesco in 98h32'20'' - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  2. Fignon Laurent at 01'03'' - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
  3. Argentin Moreno at 04'26''
  4. Lejarreta Marino at 04'33'' - 1985 : positive control
  5. Van Der Velde Johann at 06'56'' - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
  6. Baronchelli Gianbattista at 07'48''
  7. Van Impe Lucien at 10'19'' - 1981 : absence to control
  8. Breu Beat at 11'39'' - 1979 : positive control
  9. Beccia Mario at 11'41''
  10. Pedersen Dag-erik at 13'35''
  11. Panizza Wladimiro at 15'46''
  12. Schepers Eddy at 16'55'' - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
  13. Ruperez Faustino at 18'02''
  14. Chinetti Alfredo at 18'44''
  15. Gayant Martial at 21'10''
  16. Saronni Giuseppe at 22'06''
  17. Vandi Alfio at 22'08''
  18. Visentini Roberto at 24'07'' - 1988 : absence to control
  19. Fernandez Blanco Alberto at 24'39'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1981 : positive control ; 1982 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control
  20. Leali Bruno at 25'46'' - 2010 : police investigation
  21. Mottet Charly at 29'51'' - 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
  22. Santoni Glauco at 31'09''
  23. Da Silva Acacio at 31'25'' - 1984 : positive control
  24. Chioccioli Franco at 32'49''
  25. Loro Luciano at 33'02''
  26. Rodriguez Magro Jesus at 33'16''
  27. Masciarelli Palmiro at 33'37''
  28. Santimaria Sergio at 34'08''
  29. Gavillet Bernard at 36'50'' - 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  30. Maccali Salvatore at 38'20''
  31. Hekimi Siegfried at 38'22''
  32. Natale Leonardo at 41'55''
  33. Mutter Stefan at 43'19''
  34. Contini Silvano at 43'37'' - 1987 : positive control
  35. Nilsson Sven-ake at 44'04''
  36. Paganessi Alessandro at 47'00''
  37. Vanotti Ennio at 49'12''
  38. Bortolotto Claudio at 53'49''
  39. Verza Fabrizio at 55'23''
  40. Veggerby Jens at 55'46'' - 1993 : positive control
  41. Amadori Marino at 1h00'41''
  42. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 1h00'47''
  43. Boyer Jonathan at 1h03'38''
  44. Piovani Maurizio at 1h03'43''
  45. Chozas Eduardo at 1h05'36''
  46. Torelli Claudio at 1h09'00''
  47. Salomon Eric at 1h11'36''
  48. Salvador Ennio at 1h12'04''
  49. Dalla Rizza Giocondo at 1h12'57''
  50. Battaglin Giovanni at 1h14'12'' - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
  51. Wellens Paul at 1h14'51'' - 1985 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  52. Festa Elio at 1h17'01''
  53. Savini Claudio at 1h17'43''
  54. Schmutz Gottfried at 1h19'29'' - 1983 : positive control
  55. Petito Giuseppe at 1h19'36''
  56. Zappi Flavio at 1h20'58''
  57. Ceruti Roberto at 1h21'57''
  58. Sgalbazzi Amilcare at 1h22'11''
  59. Seiz Hubert at 1h23'05''
  60. Ghibaudo Piero at 1h25'17''
  61. Pevenage Rudy at 1h25'21'' - 2006 : police investigation, confessions in 2010
  62. Ibanez Loyo Jesus-ignacio at 1h25'46''
  63. Maini Orlando at 1h28'21'' - 2000 : police investigation
  64. Gavazzi Pierino at 1h29'23'' - 2004 : judicial investigation
  65. Conti Franco at 1h29'41''
  66. Bincoletto Pierangelo at 1h31'52''
  67. Rabottini Luciano at 1h32'34''
  68. Lang Czeslaw at 1h35'20''
  69. Pirard Frits at 1h36'05''
  70. Viero Giovanni at 1h37'42''
  71. Willems Daniel at 1h37'43''
  72. Petersen Steen-michael at 1h39'31''
  73. Perini Giancarlo at 1h42'21'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  74. Segersall Alf at 1h42'57''
  75. Biatta Giuliano at 1h46'40''
  76. Poloncic Vinko at 1h47'59''
  77. Zadrobilek Gerhard at 1h49'19''
  78. Franger Daniel at 1h50'18''
  79. Salvietti Graziano at 1h51'03''
  80. Wyder Daniel at 1h53'11''
  81. Piva Valerio at 1h54'25''
  82. Polini Marino at 1h56'39''
  83. Gaigne Dominique at 1h58'07''
  84. Gisiger Daniel at 1h58'53'' - 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  85. Camarillo Angel at 1h59'32''
  86. Caroli Daniele at 1h59'37''
  87. Ferretti Antonio at 2h02'14''
  88. Moro Giovanni at 2h02'26''
  89. Passuello Giuseppe at 2h04'59''
  90. Longo Mauro at 2h05'13''
  91. Casiraghi Giancarlo at 2h08'34''
  92. Algeri Vittorio at 2h09'25''
  93. Bontempi Guido at 2h09'27'' - 1987 : positive control
  94. Rosola Paolo at 2h11'26''
  95. Patellaro Benedetto at 2h13'00''
  96. Noris Mario at 2h13'53''
  97. Corti Claudio at 2h14'54''
  98. Freuler Ursh - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
  99. Eustice John at 2h17'58''
  100. Bevilacqua Leonardo at 2h18'45''
  101. Worre Jesper at 2h18'59'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  102. Wilson Michael at 2h19'55''
  103. Magrini Riccardo at 2h20'45''
  104. Santambrogio Massimo at 2h20'50''
  105. Koppert René at 2h21'12''
  106. Mariuzzo Dario at 2h22'19''
  107. Martinelli Giuseppe at 2h23'03''
  108. Chevallier Philippe at 2h25'45''
  109. Favero Fiorenzo at 2h25'54''
  110. Lualdi Valerio at 2h26'52''
  111. Silseth Ole Kristian at 2h27'27''
  112. Viotto Maurizio at 2h28'14''
  113. Cipollini Cesare at 2h30'11''
  114. Franceschini Marco at 2h30'32''
  115. Angelucci Mauro at 2h30'42''
  116. Onesti Piero at 2h37'30''
  117. Renosto Giovanni at 2h39'37'' - 2008 : positive control
  118. Carter Mike at 2h42'52''
  119. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr at 2h45'24''
  120. Giuliani Stefano at 2h45'48''
  121. Bruggmann Jurg at 2h47'11''
  122. Fernandez Juan at 2h48'07''
  123. Saude Philippe at 2h48'14''
  124. Saccani Gianmarco at 2h52'04''
  125. Barone Carmelo at 2h55'55''
  126. Morandi Dante at 2h56'10''
  127. Maxon Karl at 2h58'07''
  128. Berto Nazzareno at 2h58'14''
  129. Havik Martin at 3h00'19''
  130. Lorenzi Luciano at 3h07'53''
  131. Ferreri Luigi at 3h12'04''
  132. Bressan Roberto at 3h21'59''
  133. Russenberger Marcel at 3h26'22''
  134. Mcfarlane David at 3h31'07''
  135. Lopez Duran Marco-antonio at 3h35'47''
  136. Lopez Cerron José-luis at 3h36'12''
  137. Akam David at 3h37'22''
  138. Weber Rudi at 3h38'31''
  139. Olmati Ermino at 3h48'24''
  140. Bolle Thierry at 3h53'05''
  141. Rutledge Timothy at 3h54'32''
  142. Vicino Bruno at 4h13'11''
  143. Saunders Greg at 4h29'08''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Argentin Moreno
  2. Baronchelli Gianbattista
  3. Beccia Mario
  4. Pedersen Dag-erik
  5. Panizza Wladimiro
  6. Ruperez Faustino
  7. Chinetti Alfredo
  8. Gayant Martial
  9. Saronni Giuseppe
  10. Vandi Alfio
  11. Santoni Glauco
  12. Chioccioli Franco
  13. Loro Luciano
  14. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
  15. Masciarelli Palmiro
  16. Santimaria Sergio
  17. Maccali Salvatore
  18. Hekimi Siegfried
  19. Natale Leonardo
  20. Mutter Stefan
  21. Nilsson Sven-ake
  22. Paganessi Alessandro
  23. Vanotti Ennio
  24. Bortolotto Claudio
  25. Verza Fabrizio
  26. Amadori Marino
  27. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  28. Boyer Jonathan
  29. Piovani Maurizio
  30. Chozas Eduardo
  31. Torelli Claudio
  32. Salomon Eric
  33. Salvador Ennio
  34. Dalla Rizza Giocondo
  35. Festa Elio
  36. Savini Claudio
  37. Petito Giuseppe
  38. Zappi Flavio
  39. Ceruti Roberto
  40. Sgalbazzi Amilcare
  41. Seiz Hubert
  42. Ghibaudo Piero
  43. Ibanez Loyo Jesus-ignacio
  44. Conti Franco
  45. Bincoletto Pierangelo
  46. Rabottini Luciano
  47. Lang Czeslaw
  48. Pirard Frits
  49. Viero Giovanni
  50. Willems Daniel
  51. Petersen Steen-michael
  52. Segersall Alf
  53. Biatta Giuliano
  54. Poloncic Vinko
  55. Zadrobilek Gerhard
  56. Franger Daniel
  57. Salvietti Graziano
  58. Wyder Daniel
  59. Piva Valerio
  60. Polini Marino
  61. Gaigne Dominique
  62. Camarillo Angel
  63. Caroli Daniele
  64. Ferretti Antonio
  65. Moro Giovanni
  66. Passuello Giuseppe
  67. Longo Mauro
  68. Casiraghi Giancarlo
  69. Algeri Vittorio
  70. Rosola Paolo
  71. Patellaro Benedetto
  72. Noris Mario
  73. Corti Claudio
  74. Eustice John
  75. Bevilacqua Leonardo
  76. Wilson Michael
  77. Magrini Riccardo
  78. Santambrogio Massimo
  79. Koppert René
  80. Mariuzzo Dario
  81. Martinelli Giuseppe
  82. Chevallier Philippe
  83. Favero Fiorenzo
  84. Lualdi Valerio
  85. Silseth Ole Kristian
  86. Viotto Maurizio
  87. Cipollini Cesare
  88. Franceschini Marco
  89. Angelucci Mauro
  90. Onesti Piero
  91. Carter Mike
  92. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr
  93. Giuliani Stefano
  94. Bruggmann Jurg
  95. Fernandez Juan
  96. Saude Philippe
  97. Saccani Gianmarco
  98. Barone Carmelo
  99. Morandi Dante
  100. Maxon Karl
  101. Berto Nazzareno
  102. Havik Martin
  103. Lorenzi Luciano
  104. Ferreri Luigi
  105. Bressan Roberto
  106. Russenberger Marcel
  107. Mcfarlane David
  108. Lopez Duran Marco-antonio
  109. Lopez Cerron José-luis
  110. Akam David
  111. Weber Rudi
  112. Olmati Ermino
  113. Bolle Thierry
  114. Rutledge Timothy
  115. Vicino Bruno
  116. Saunders Greg



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Del Tongo

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

1. Saronni Giuseppe
2. Bombini Emanuele - 2000 : police investigation
3. Bortolotto Claudio
4. Ceruti Roberto
5. Pevenage Rudy - 2006 : police investigation, confessions in 2010
6. Piovani Maurizio
7. Santimaria Sergio
8. Van Calster Guido - 1986 : positive control
9. Natale Leonardo

Alfa Lum

8 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,12 per year

11. Alonso Calleja Juan-carlos
12. Angelucci Mauro
13. Amadori Marino
14. Maccali Salvatore
15. Maini Orlando - 2000 : police investigation
16. Martinelli Giuseppe
17. Petito Giuseppe
18. Lejarreta Marino - 1985 : positive control
19. Wilson Michael

Ariostea

10 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,1 per year

21. Barone Carmelo
22. Faraca Giuseppe
23. Ferreri Luigi
24. Moro Giovanni
25. Salvietti Graziano
26. Sgalbazzi Amilcare
27. Viero Giovanni
28. Lopez Duran Marco-antonio
29. Wellens Paul - 1985 : absence to control (sanction not known)

Atala

25 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,4 per year

31. Aliverti Fiorenzo
32. Casiraghi Giancarlo
33. Freuler Urs - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
34. Gavazzi Pierino - 2004 : judicial investigation
35. Gisiger Daniel - 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
36. Morandi Dante
37. Noris Mario
38. Panizza Wladimiro
39. Zadrobilek Gerhard

Bianchi

41. Bertacco Tullio
42. Contini Silvano - 1987 : positive control
43. Piva Valerio
44. Pozzi Alessandro 1
45. Viotto Maurizio
46. Rosola Paolo
47. Segersall Alf
48. Vanotti Ennio
49. Verza Fabrizio

Carrera

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

51. Battaglin Giovanni - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
52. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
53. Perini Giancarlo - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
54. Lang Czeslaw
55. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
56. Loro Luciano
57. Lualdi Valerio
58. Santoni Glauco
59. Visentini Roberto - 1988 : absence to control

Dromedario

61. Vandi Alfio
62. Conti Franco
63. Cipollini Cesare
64. Olmati Ermino
65. Savini Claudio
66. Groppo Marco
67. Schepers Eddy - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
68. Schmutz Gottfried - 1983 : positive control
69. Hekimi Siegfried

Fanini

71. Veggerby Jens - 1993 : positive control
72. Petersen Steen-michael
73. Biatta Giuliano
74. Bazzichi Ettore
75. Berto Nazzareno
76. Bianchi Francesco
77. Lienhard Erwin - 1979 : positive control
78. Lorenzi Luciano
79. Maestrelli Enrico

Zor

15 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,67 per year

81. Chozas Eduardo
82. Ruperez Faustino
83. Fernandez Blanco Alberto - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1981 : positive control ; 1982 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control
84. Fernandez Juan
85. Pino Counago Alvaro
86. Lopez Cerron José-luis
87. Ibanez Loyo Jesus-ignacio
88. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
89. Camarillo Angel

Gis

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

91. Moser Francesco - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
92. Akam David
93. De Vlaeminck Roger - 197x : fraud (sanction not known)
94. Giuliani Stefano
95. Havik Martin
96. Masciarelli Palmiro
97. Onesti Piero
98. Passuello Giuseppe
99. Salvador Ennio

Linea Italia

101. Eustice John
102. Michely Claude
103. Maxon Karl
104. Franger Daniel
105. Weber Rudi
106. Carter Mike
107. Rutledge Timothy
108. Saunders Greg
109. Janiszewski Guy

Cilo

9 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,22 per year

111. Bolle Thierry
112. Breu Beat - 1979 : positive control
113. Ferretti Antonio
114. Gavillet Bernard - 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
115. Glaus Gilbert - 1978 : positive control (no penalty)
116. Mutter Stefan
117. Russenberger Marcel
118. Seiz Hubert
119. Wyder Daniel

Malvor

16 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,12 per year

121. Beccia Mario
122. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr
123. Bevilacqua Leonardo
124. Mantovani Giovanni
125. Milani Silvestro
126. Vicino Bruno
127. Bruggmann Jurg
128. Da Silva Acacio - 1984 : positive control
129. Poloncic Vinko

Metauromobili

131. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
132. Algeri Vittorio
133. Bincoletto Pierangelo
134. Magrini Riccardo
135. Rabottini Luciano
136. Pirard Frits
137. Van Der Velde Johann - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
138. Zappi Flavio
139. Franceschini Marco

Murella

141. Baronchelli Gianbattista
142. Bressan Roberto
143. Chioccioli Franco
144. Patellaro Benedetto
145. Pedersen Dag-erik
146. Piersanti Filippo
147. Polini Marino
148. Renosto Giovanni - 2008 : positive control
149. Willems Daniel

Renault

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

151. Fignon Laurent - 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
152. Chevallier Philippe
153. Wojtinek Bruno
154. Gayant Martial
155. Gaigne Dominique
156. Menthéour Pierre-henri - 1986 : confessions in 1990 ; 1994 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1997 : judicial investigation
157. Mottet Charly - 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
158. Salomon Eric
159. Saude Philippe

Sammontana

161. Argentin Moreno
162. Corti Claudio
163. Favero Fiorenzo
164. Ghibaudo Piero
165. Mariuzzo Dario
166. Paganessi Alessandro
167. Torelli Claudio
168. Worre Jesper - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
169. Gradi Raniero

Santini

171. Cassani Davide
172. Caroli Daniele
173. Mariotti Mario
174. Festa Elio
175. Stefani Gino
176. Ricco Silvano
177. Koppert René
178. Nilsson Sven-ake
179. Mcfarlane David

Brianzoli

181. Boyer Jonathan
182. Chinetti Alfredo
183. Dalla Rizza Giocondo
184. Longo Mauro
185. Pavanello Giuliano
186. Patterson John
187. Saccani Gianmarco
188. Santambrogio Massimo
189. Silseth Ole Kristian



See also