Giro d'Italia 1998 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
SAECO-CANNONDALE 9 8 1 1 0 0
AMORE e VITA - FORZARCORE 9 2 0 0 0 0
ASICS - C.G.A. 9 2 1 0 0 0
BALLAN 9 3 0 0 0 0
BRESCIALAT-LIQUIGAS 9 6 0 0 0 0
CANTINA TOLLO-ALEXIA 9 6 1 1 0 0
CASINOA 9 3 0 0 0 0
FESTINA LOTUS 9 2 0 0 0 0
KELME - COSTA BLANCA 9 5 0 0 0 0
CA MAPEI-BRICOBI 9 6 3 3 1 1
MERCATONE UNO - BIANCHI 9 8 1 1 1 1
RISO SCOTTI - AIWA 9 5 0 0 0 0
ROS MARY - AMICA CHIPS 9 3 1 1 0 0
SCRIGNO - GAERNE 9 3 0 0 0 0
TEAM POLTI 9 4 1 0 1 0
TVM - FARM FRITES 9 5 0 0 0 0
VINI CALDIROLA - LONGONI 9 3 0 0 0 0
VITALICIO SEGUROS 9 4 1 1 0 0
Total 162 78 10 8 3 2
Pourcentage 48,15% 80% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.cyclingnews.com (25/04/2010)

  1. Pantani Marco in 98h48'32'' - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
  2. Tonkov Pavel at 01'33'' - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
  3. Guerini Giuseppe at 06'51''
  4. Camenzind Oscar at 12'16'' - 2004 : positive control
  5. Clavero Sebastian Daniel at 18'04'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
  6. Faresin Gianni at 18'31'' - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  7. Bettini Paolo at 21'03''
  8. De Paoli Daniele at 21'35'' - 2001 : in the act
  9. Savoldelli Paolo at 25'54'' - 2005 : disciplinary investigation
  10. Honchar Sergei at 25'58'' - 1999 : blood test ; 2007 : blood test
  11. Podenzana Massimo at 28'22'' - 1986 : positive control
  12. Gonzalez-pico José-jaime at 29'24'' - 2001 : in the act
  13. Rubiera Vigil José-luis at 31'25''
  14. Zülle Alex at 33'26'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  15. Noe Andrea at 34'29''
  16. Piepoli Leonardo at 35'56'' - 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
  17. Moller Claus Michael at 39'22'' - 1999 : positive control
  18. Lanfranchi Paolo at 40'06''
  19. Sgambelluri Roberto at 40'33'' - 2002 : positive control
  20. Velo Marco at 40'53'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1999 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control
  21. Garzelli Stefano at 41'28'' - 2002 : positive control
  22. Faustini Stefano at 41'33''
  23. Bobrik Vladislav at 41'53''
  24. Secchiari Francesco at 42'28''
  25. Belli Wladimir at 42'48''
  26. Gougot Fabrice at 44'41''
  27. Buenahora Hernan at 47'26'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  28. Roux Laurent at 49'14'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act
  29. Conti Roberto at 50'28'' - 2002 : in the act
  30. Rebellin Davide at 50'48'' - 2008 : positive control
  31. Magnani Marco at 51'17'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : judicial investigation
  32. Codol Massimo at 54'26'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  33. Tronca Amilcare at 57'25''
  34. Leblanc Luc at 58'41'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions (no penalty)
  35. Piccoli Mariano at 1h01'33'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  36. Padrnos Pavel at 1h03'09'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
  37. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel at 1h04'25''
  38. Axelsson Niklas at 1h05'28'' - 2001 : positive control + confessions ; 2009 : positive control
  39. Puttini Felice at 1h09'00''
  40. Ugrumov Piotr at 1h09'24'' - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  41. Missaglia Gabriele at 1h09'25'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  42. Frigo Dario at 1h09'38'' - 1996 : confessions in 2001 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2001 ; 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
  43. Siboni Marcello at 1h12'21'' - 2001 : in the act
  44. Shefer Alexandre at 1h13'31''
  45. Dominguez Juan-carlos at 1h15'43'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2006 : blood test
  46. Loda Nicola at 1h23'51'' - 1999 : positive control
  47. Calzavara Leonardo at 1h24'03''
  48. Meier Armin at 1h26'04'' - 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair
  49. Jeker Fabian at 1h30'05''
  50. Bugno Gianni at 1h35'00'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  51. Konyshev Dimitri at 1h35'06''
  52. Colombo Gabriele at 01'35''
  53. Kivilev Andrey at 1h36'22''
  54. Botero Santiago at 1h36'56'' - 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  55. Gonzales Arsenio at 1h42'23''
  56. Zanetti Mauro at 1h44'39''
  57. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h47'13'' - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  58. Simoni Gilberto at 1h47'49'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  59. Aparicio Vicente at 1h48'52''
  60. Chiappucci Claudio at 1h49'17'' - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
  61. Scirea Mario at 01'51'' - 2004 : in the act
  62. Furlan Giorgio at 1h56'10'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  63. Profeti Federico at 2h00'24''
  64. Ferrigato Andrea at 2h02'10''
  65. Finco Carlo at 2h05'06''
  66. Gualdi Mirko at 02'06''
  67. Cattai Stefano at 2h07'03''
  68. Bramati Davide at 2h08'34''
  69. Brignoli Ermanno at 2h10'08'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  70. Serpellini Marco at 2h10'33'' - 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  71. Casagrande Filippo at 2h10'44'' - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  72. Spruch Zbigniew at 2h12'37''
  73. Mazzanti Luca at 2h13'01''
  74. De Pasquale Maurizio at 2h13'01''
  75. Coppolillo Michele at 2h13'48''
  76. Gelfi Luca at 2h13'52''
  77. Fagnini Gianmatteo at 2h13'58''
  78. Canzonieri Angelo at 2h14'15''
  79. Bessy Frédéric at 2h15'24''
  80. Bruseghin Marzio at 2h24'16'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  81. Patuelli Andrea at 2h25'44''
  82. Finesso Stefano at 2h28'53''
  83. Della Vedova Marco at 2h31'37''
  84. Lefevre David at 2h32'00''
  85. Jaermann Rolf at 2h32'49'' - 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
  86. Brognara Andrea at 2h39'59''
  87. Vatteroni Andrea at 2h42'52''
  88. Hvastija Martin at 2h45'19'' - 2001 : in the act
  89. Tani David at 2h50'30'' - 2006 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 200x : confessions in 2005 (sanction not known)
  90. Duma Volodimyr at 2h55'52''
  91. Strazzer Massimo at 3h07'18'' - 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
  92. Saligari Marco at 3h09'15''
  93. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 3h09'55'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  94. Di Renzo Marco-antonio at 3h14'08''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Guerini Giuseppe
  2. Bettini Paolo
  3. Rubiera Vigil José-luis
  4. Noe Andrea
  5. Lanfranchi Paolo
  6. Faustini Stefano
  7. Bobrik Vladislav
  8. Secchiari Francesco
  9. Belli Wladimir
  10. Gougot Fabrice
  11. Tronca Amilcare
  12. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
  13. Puttini Felice
  14. Shefer Alexandre
  15. Calzavara Leonardo
  16. Jeker Fabian
  17. Konyshev Dimitri
  18. Colombo Gabriele
  19. Kivilev Andrey
  20. Gonzales Arsenio
  21. Zanetti Mauro
  22. Aparicio Vicente
  23. Profeti Federico
  24. Ferrigato Andrea
  25. Finco Carlo
  26. Gualdi Mirko
  27. Cattai Stefano
  28. Bramati Davide
  29. Spruch Zbigniew
  30. Mazzanti Luca
  31. De Pasquale Maurizio
  32. Coppolillo Michele
  33. Gelfi Luca
  34. Fagnini Gianmatteo
  35. Canzonieri Angelo
  36. Bessy Frédéric
  37. Patuelli Andrea
  38. Finesso Stefano
  39. Della Vedova Marco
  40. Lefevre David
  41. Brognara Andrea
  42. Vatteroni Andrea
  43. Duma Volodimyr
  44. Saligari Marco
  45. Di Renzo Marco-antonio



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

SAECO-CANNONDALE

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

1. Gotti Ivan - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
2. Cipollini Mario - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
3. Fagnini Gianmatteo
4. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
5. Frigo Dario - 1996 : confessions in 2001 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2001 ; 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
6. Padrnos Pavel - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
7. Piepoli Leonardo - 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
8. Savoldelli Paolo - 2005 : disciplinary investigation
9. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act

AMORE e VITA - FORZARCORE

31 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,29 per year

11. Magnusson Glenn
12. Andriotto Dario - 2001 : in the act (no penalty)
13. Giacomelli Sandro
14. Patuelli Andrea
15. Zucchi Simone
16. White Matthew - 1998 : positive control ; 2003 : confessions in 2012
17. De Pasquale Maurizio
18. Leporatti Simone
19. Profeti Federico

ASICS - C.G.A.

3 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 1 per year

21. Bartoli Michele - 2006 : police investigation (no penalty)
22. Bettini Paolo
23. Noe Andrea
24. Shefer Alexandre
25. Scinto Luca
26. Colonna Federico
27. Coppolillo Michele
28. Tani David - 2006 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 200x : confessions in 2005 (sanction not known)
29. Bianchi Carlo Marino

BALLAN

9 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,11 per year

31. Cattai Stefano
32. Colombo Gabriele
33. Finco Carlo
34. Gontchenkov Alexandre
35. Leoni Endrio - 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
36. Loda Nicola - 1999 : positive control
37. Canzonieri Angelo
38. Tronca Amilcare
39. Ugrumov Piotr - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)

BRESCIALAT-LIQUIGAS

13 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,15 per year

41. Zaina Enrico
42. Sgambelluri Roberto - 2002 : positive control
43. Piccoli Mariano - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
44. Serpellini Marco - 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
45. Della Vedova Marco
46. Mason Oscar - 1998 : positive control
47. Rastelli Ellis - 1996 : fraud (sanction not known)
48. Bruseghin Marzio - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
49. Raimondi Gian Carlo

CANTINA TOLLO-ALEXIA

12 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 1,33 per year

51. Baronti Alessandro - 2003 : positive control
52. Di Renzo Marco-antonio
53. Simoni Gilberto - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
54. Honchar Sergei - 1999 : blood test ; 2007 : blood test
55. Hvastija Martin - 2001 : in the act
56. Magnani Marco - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : judicial investigation
57. Mazzanti Luca
58. Pierdomenico Germano
59. Strazzer Massimo - 2001 : positive control (no penalty)

CASINOA

61. Richard Pascal
62. Jaermann Rolf - 1994 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
63. Saligari Marco
64. Streel Marc - 1999 : blood test
65. Kasputis Arturas
66. Bessy Frédéric
67. Gougot Fabrice
68. Lefevre David
69. Cali Vincent - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)

FESTINA LOTUS

12 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 2,17 per year

71. Belli Wladimir
72. Kivilev Andrey
73. Boscardin Bruno
74. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
75. Jeker Fabian
76. Meier Armin - 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair
77. Wust Marcel
78. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
79. Uriarte José-ramon

KELME - COSTA BLANCA

36 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,72 per year

81. Rubiera Vigil José-luis
82. Gonzalez-pico José-jaime - 2001 : in the act
83. Botero Santiago - 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
84. Gonzales Arsenio
85. Edo Angel - 1998 : blood test
86. Otxoa Javier - 1999 : positive control
87. Martin Perdiguero Miguel-angel
88. Gutierrez José-enrique
89. Sevilla Oscar - 2000 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2010 : positive control

CA MAPEI-BRICOBI

91. Tonkov Pavel - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
92. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
93. Bramati Davide
94. Camenzind Oscar - 2004 : positive control
95. Codol Massimo - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
96. Faresin Gianni - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
97. Lanfranchi Paolo
98. Missaglia Gabriele - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
99. Spruch Zbigniew

MERCATONE UNO - BIANCHI

7 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 2,57 per year

101. Pantani Marco - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
102. Garzelli Stefano - 2002 : positive control
103. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
104. Konyshev Dimitri
105. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control
106. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
107. Forconi Riccardo - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
108. Velo Marco - 1994 : positive control ; 1999 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control
109. Siboni Marcello - 2001 : in the act

RISO SCOTTI - AIWA

7 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,43 per year

111. Minali Nicola - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
112. Baldato Fabio
113. Miceli Nicola - 1998 : blood test
114. Cenghialta Bruno - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
115. Brognara Andrea
116. Brignoli Ermanno - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
117. Bobrik Vladislav
118. Casagranda Stefano - 2000 : in the act
119. Palumbo Giuseppe

ROS MARY - AMICA CHIPS

121. Arazzi Francesco
122. Chiappucci Claudio - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
123. De Paoli Daniele - 2001 : in the act
124. Finesso Stefano
125. Gelfi Luca
126. Molinari Maurizio
127. Puttini Felice
128. Tauler Antonio - 2006 : positive control ; 2010 : positive control (sanction not known)
129. Uria Gonzales José-manuel

SCRIGNO - GAERNE

131. Conte Biagio
132. Casarotto Davide
133. Rossato Mirko
134. Petacchi Alessandro - 2007 : positive control ; 2012 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
135. Casagrande Filippo - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
136. Vatteroni Andrea
137. Axelsson Niklas - 2001 : positive control + confessions ; 2009 : positive control
138. Duma Volodimyr
139. Secchiari Francesco

TEAM POLTI

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

141. Guerini Giuseppe
142. Cassani Enrico - 2003 : positive control
143. Valoti Gianluca
144. Gualdi Mirko
145. Guidi Fabrizio - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
146. Leblanc Luc - 1994 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions (no penalty)
147. Martinello Silvio
148. Rebellin Davide - 2008 : positive control
149. Salvato Cristian

TVM - FARM FRITES

25 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 1 per year

151. Andersson Michel
152. Blijlevens Jeroen - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
153. Van Bondt Geert
154. Hoffman Tristan
155. Lafis Michel
156. Larsen Nicolay Bo - 2000 : blood test
157. Moller Claus Michael - 1999 : positive control
158. Ouchakov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
159. Roux Laurent - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2002 : unannounced positive control ; 2005 : in the act

VINI CALDIROLA - LONGONI

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

161. Faustini Stefano
162. Furlan Giorgio - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
163. Apollonio Massimo - 1998 : blood test
164. Calzavara Leonardo
165. Radaelli Mauro
166. Sironi Gian-luca
167. Zanette Denis - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
168. Zanetti Mauro
169. Zanotti Marco

VITALICIO SEGUROS

3 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1,33 per year

171. Clavero Sebastian Daniel - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
172. Dominguez Juan-carlos - 1998 : blood test ; 2006 : blood test
173. Aparicio Vicente
174. Aggiano Elio
175. Ferrigato Andrea
176. Horrillo Munoz Pedro - 2007 : positive control (no penalty)
177. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
178. Zintchenko Andrei
179. Smetanine Serguei



See also