Giro d'Italia 1988 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/10/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Alba Cucine 9 2 0 0 0 0
Alfa Lum 9 1 0 0 0 0
Atala 9 1 1 0 0 0
Carrera 9 3 1 0 1 0
Ariostea 9 2 0 0 0 0
Del Tongo 9 2 2 1 0 0
Fanini 9 4 1 0 0 0
Gewiss 9 3 0 0 0 0
Gis 9 2 1 0 0 0
Cyndarella 9 2 0 0 0 0
Malvor 9 2 0 0 0 0
Isoglass 9 0 0 0 0 0
Panasonic 9 4 2 1 1 0
PDM 9 6 0 0 0 0
Reynolds 9 2 1 1 0 0
Château d'Ax 9 2 0 0 0 0
Selca 9 1 0 0 0 0
7-Eleven 9 1 1 0 1 0
Toshiba 9 3 0 0 0 0
Zahor 9 1 0 0 0 0
Total 180 44 10 3 3 0
Pourcentage 24,44% 30% 0%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (12/11/2010)

  1. Hampsten Andrew in 97h18'56''
  2. Breukink Erik at 01'43''
  3. Zimmermann Urs at 02'45''
  4. Giupponi Flavio at 06'56'' - 1988 : absence to control
  5. Chioccioli Franco at 13'20''
  6. Giovannetti Marco at 15'20''
  7. Delgado Pedro at 17'02'' - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
  8. Winnen Peter at 18'14'' - 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
  9. Tomasini Stefano at 27'01''
  10. Vandelli Maurizio at 27'02''
  11. Breu Beat at 28'17'' - 1979 : positive control
  12. Madiot March - 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
  13. Visentini Roberto at 40'07'' - 1988 : absence to control
  14. Alcala Gallegos Raul at 40'09''
  15. Vona Franco at 42'31''
  16. Martinez Guttierez Juan-thomas at 49'12''
  17. Nulens Guy at 53'49''
  18. Ghirotto Massimo at 54'48''
  19. Volpi Alberto at 55'05'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
  20. Bombini Emanuele at 55'33'' - 2000 : police investigation
  21. Vanotti Ennio at 57'39''
  22. Contini Silvano at 58'12'' - 1987 : positive control
  23. Wechselberger Helmut at 59'17''
  24. Chiappucci Claudio at 1h01'11'' - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
  25. Franceschini Marco at 1h01'22''
  26. Amadori Marino at 1h02'42''
  27. Saronni Giuseppe at 1h03'28'' - 1983 : disciplinary investigation (no penalty)
  28. Savini Claudio at 1h04'10''
  29. Lecchi Angelo at 1h04'30''
  30. Laguia Martinez José-luis at 1h06'55'' - 1983 : positive control
  31. Vandi Alfio at 1h08'58''
  32. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier at 1h10'21''
  33. Conti Roberto at 1h11'30'' - 2002 : in the act
  34. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 1h11'35'' - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  35. Vitali Marco at 1h12'07''
  36. Loro Luciano at 1h14'58''
  37. Philipot Fabrice at 1h15'40''
  38. Arnaud Dominique at 1h17'24''
  39. Siboni Marcello at 1h18'07'' - 2001 : in the act
  40. Portillo Rosado Santiago at 1h18'43''
  41. Podenzana Massimo at 1h18'57'' - 1986 : positive control
  42. Sorensen Rolf at 1h20'51'' - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  43. Stutz Werner at 1h25'51''
  44. Rominger Tony at 1h27'44'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  45. Rodriguez Magro Jesus at 1h28'15''
  46. Pierce Jeff at 1h28'46''
  47. Hernandez Riano Omar-pablo at 1h29'13''
  48. Rodriguez Gil Manuel at 1h35'20''
  49. Pagnin Roberto at 1h35'26''
  50. Faresin Gianni at 1h36'02'' - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  51. Galleschi Enrico at 1h38'24''
  52. Rota Luca at 1h39'51''
  53. Rabottini Luciano at 1h43'42''
  54. Corti Claudio at 1h44'22''
  55. Muller Jörg (sui) at 1h46'21'' - 1987 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  56. Giuliani Stefano at 1h47'10''
  57. Van Vliet Teun at 1h48'15''
  58. Wyder Daniel at 1h49'10''
  59. Moro Michele at 1h50'43''
  60. Skoda Jiri at 1h51'01''
  61. Roll Bob at 1h52'07''
  62. Kiefel Ron at 1h52'21''
  63. Piccolo Renato at 1h54'48''
  64. Fregonese Giampaolo at 1h55'10''
  65. Van Der Velde Johann at 1h56'27'' - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
  66. Van Orsouw Marc at 1h57'15'' - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  67. Gavazzi Pierino at 2h00'43'' - 2004 : judicial investigation
  68. Worre Jesper at 2h05'18'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  69. Lubberding Henk at 2h05'19''
  70. Piovani Maurizio at 2h06'11''
  71. Steinmann Kurt at 2h07'12''
  72. Hurlimann Bruno at 2h09'36''
  73. Salvador Ennio at 2h09'45''
  74. Piasecki Lech at 2h09'56''
  75. Vanderaerden Eric at 2h10'16''
  76. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 2h13'08''
  77. Botteon Luigi at 2h13'19''
  78. Votolo Marco-franco at 2h13'45''
  79. De Rooy Theo at 2h15'33'' - 198x : confessions in 2014 (no penalty)
  80. Lang Czeslaw at 2h16'48''
  81. Pizzol Daniele at 2h18'42''
  82. Freuler Urs at 2h18'50'' - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
  83. Zen Marco at 2h18'56''
  84. Bordonali Fabio at 2h19'32''
  85. Lorenzon Silvano at 2h19'36''
  86. Elli Alberto at 2h20'44'' - 2001 : in the act
  87. Cortinovis Tullioh
  88. Cesarini Francesco at 2h24'30''
  89. Vandelli Claudio at 2h26'55''
  90. Ghiotto Federico at 2h31'27'' - 1990 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1993 : positive control
  91. Bontempi Guido at 2h31'47'' - 1987 : positive control
  92. Gisiger Daniel at 2h32'38'' - 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  93. Saligari Marco at 2h35'11''
  94. Suarez Cueva Jésus at 2h38'16'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  95. Vannucci Fabrizio at 2h40'11''
  96. Noris Mario at 2h42'20''
  97. Furlan Luigi at 2h45'16''
  98. Mauri Melchior at 2h45'59''
  99. Wohlfahrter Arno at 2h49'04''
  100. Piva Valerio at 2h49'37''
  101. Bincoletto Pierangelo at 2h50'10''
  102. Rosola Paolo at 2h55'06''
  103. Peiper Alan at 2h56'48'' - 1986 : absence to control
  104. Chesini Flavio at 2h57'52''
  105. Lammerts Johan at 2h58'24''
  106. Petito Giuseppe at 2h59'41''
  107. Martinello Silvio at 3h05'27''
  108. Boffo Luciano at 3h07'25''
  109. Di Basco Alessio at 3h07'48'' - 1992 : positive control
  110. Strazzer Giovanni at 3h08'59''
  111. Rocchi Edoardo at 3h10'13''
  112. Ferretti Antonio at 3h11'02''
  113. Del Ben Daniele at 3h11'07''
  114. Allocchio Stefano at 3h17'00''
  115. Popp Paul at 3h21'13''
  116. Caroli Daniele at 3h29'20''
  117. Ronsse Luc at 3h34'56''
  118. Phinney Davis at 3h40'27''
  119. Ostergaard Jan-erik at 3h43'00''
  120. Gambirasio Patrizio at 3h46'49''
  121. Bottoia Giovanni at 3h48'51''
  122. Grimani Enrico at 3h52'01''
  123. Van De Walle Geert at 4h06'47''
  124. Redant Hendrik at 4h19'36''
  125. Morandi Dante at 4h48'15''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Hampsten Andrew
  2. Breukink Erik
  3. Zimmermann Urs
  4. Chioccioli Franco
  5. Giovannetti Marco
  6. Tomasini Stefano
  7. Vandelli Maurizio
  8. Alcala Gallegos Raul
  9. Vona Franco
  10. Martinez Guttierez Juan-thomas
  11. Nulens Guy
  12. Ghirotto Massimo
  13. Vanotti Ennio
  14. Wechselberger Helmut
  15. Franceschini Marco
  16. Amadori Marino
  17. Savini Claudio
  18. Lecchi Angelo
  19. Vandi Alfio
  20. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier
  21. Vitali Marco
  22. Loro Luciano
  23. Philipot Fabrice
  24. Arnaud Dominique
  25. Portillo Rosado Santiago
  26. Stutz Werner
  27. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
  28. Pierce Jeff
  29. Hernandez Riano Omar-pablo
  30. Rodriguez Gil Manuel
  31. Pagnin Roberto
  32. Galleschi Enrico
  33. Rota Luca
  34. Rabottini Luciano
  35. Corti Claudio
  36. Giuliani Stefano
  37. Van Vliet Teun
  38. Wyder Daniel
  39. Moro Michele
  40. Skoda Jiri
  41. Roll Bob
  42. Kiefel Ron
  43. Piccolo Renato
  44. Fregonese Giampaolo
  45. Lubberding Henk
  46. Piovani Maurizio
  47. Steinmann Kurt
  48. Hurlimann Bruno
  49. Salvador Ennio
  50. Piasecki Lech
  51. Vanderaerden Eric
  52. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  53. Botteon Luigi
  54. Votolo Marco-franco
  55. Lang Czeslaw
  56. Pizzol Daniele
  57. Zen Marco
  58. Bordonali Fabio
  59. Lorenzon Silvano
  60. Cortinovis Tullio
  61. Cesarini Francesco
  62. Vandelli Claudio
  63. Saligari Marco
  64. Vannucci Fabrizio
  65. Noris Mario
  66. Furlan Luigi
  67. Mauri Melchior
  68. Wohlfahrter Arno
  69. Piva Valerio
  70. Bincoletto Pierangelo
  71. Rosola Paolo
  72. Chesini Flavio
  73. Lammerts Johan
  74. Petito Giuseppe
  75. Martinello Silvio
  76. Boffo Luciano
  77. Strazzer Giovanni
  78. Rocchi Edoardo
  79. Ferretti Antonio
  80. Del Ben Daniele
  81. Allocchio Stefano
  82. Popp Paul
  83. Caroli Daniele
  84. Ronsse Luc
  85. Phinney Davis
  86. Ostergaard Jan-erik
  87. Gambirasio Patrizio
  88. Bottoia Giovanni
  89. Grimani Enrico
  90. Van De Walle Geert
  91. Redant Hendrik
  92. Morandi Dante



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Alba Cucine

1. Chesini Flavio
2. Colage Stefano
3. Franceschini Marco
4. Galleschi Enrico
5. Giannelli Alessandro
6. Grimani Enrico
7. Massi Rodolfo - 1998 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
8. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
9. Savini Claudio

Alfa Lum

11. Amadori Marino
12. Boffo Luciano
13. Caroli Daniele
14. Maini Orlando - 2000 : police investigation
15. Passera Camillo
16. Rossi Maurizio
17. Longo Federico
18. Zen Marco
19. Skoda Jiri

Atala

21. Bardelloni Giambattista
22. Cortinovis Tullio
23. Mantovani Giovanni
24. Martinello Silvio
25. Noris Mario
26. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control
27. Vandelli Claudio
28. Vandelli Maurizio
29. Vitali Marco

Carrera

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

31. Visentini Roberto - 1988 : absence to control
32. Zimmermann Urs
33. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
34. Ghirotto Massimo
35. Maechler Erich
36. Cerin Primoz
37. Chiappucci Claudio - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
38. Bordonali Fabio
39. Votolo Marco-franco

Ariostea

41. Cesarini Francesco
42. Nilsson Kjell
43. Joho Stephan
44. Piva Valerio
45. Rabottini Luciano
46. Roscioli Fabio
47. Saligari Marco
48. Siboni Marcello - 2001 : in the act
49. Sorensen Rolf - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)

Del Tongo

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

51. Saronni Giuseppe - 1983 : disciplinary investigation (no penalty)
52. Piovani Maurizio
53. Chioccioli Franco
54. Giupponi Flavio - 1988 : absence to control
55. Lecchi Angelo
56. Loro Luciano
57. Lang Czeslaw
58. Piasecki Lech
59. Rota Luca

Fanini

61. Tomasini Stefano
62. Cimini Paolo
63. Gavazzi Pierino - 2004 : judicial investigation
64. Di Basco Alessio - 1992 : positive control
65. Finazzi Sergio
66. Elli Alberto - 2001 : in the act
67. Botteon Luigi
68. Sprefico Maurizio
69. Brugna Walter - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2008 : positive control

Gewiss

71. Furlan Luigi
72. Bombini Emanuele - 2000 : police investigation
73. Cassani Davide
74. Pagnin Roberto
75. Piccolo Renato
76. Rosola Paolo
77. Salvador Ennio
78. Volpi Alberto - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
79. Worre Jesper - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)

Gis

81. Baffi Adriano
82. Cavallaro Salvatore
83. Cipollini Cesare
84. Del Ben Daniele
85. Ghiotto Federico - 1990 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1993 : positive control
86. Giovannetti Marco
87. Masciarelli Palmiro
88. Petito Giuseppe
89. Van Der Velde Johann - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)

Cyndarella

91. Breu Beat - 1979 : positive control
92. Fuchs Fabian
93. Gisiger Daniel - 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
94. Hurlimann Bruno
95. Rodriguez Gil Manuel
96. Pedretti Omar
97. Schwarzentruber Pius
98. Steinmann Kurt
99. Stutz Werner

Malvor

101. Contini Silvano - 1987 : positive control
102. Faresin Gianni - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
103. Fregonese Giampaolo
104. Lorenzon Silvano
105. Pizzol Daniele
106. Strazzer Giovanni
107. Wechselberger Helmut
108. Wohlfahrter Arno
109. Popp Paul

Isoglass

111. Vandi Alfio
112. Redant Hendrik
113. Ronsse Luc
114. Clarysse Dirk
115. Van De Walle Geert
116. Cavallo Domenico
117. Ferretti Antonio
118. Wyder Daniel
119. Ostergaard Jan-erik

Panasonic

121. Breukink Erik
122. Freuler Urs - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
123. Lubberding Henk
124. Nulens Guy
125. Peiper Alan - 1986 : absence to control
126. De Rooy Theo - 198x : confessions in 2014 (no penalty)
127. Vanderaerden Eric
128. Van Vliet Teun
129. Winnen Peter - 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)

PDM

7 years of existence, 15 cases, ie 2,14 per year

131. Lemond Greg
132. Barteau Vincent
133. Dhaenens Rudy - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
134. Muller Jörg (sui) - 1987 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
135. Pedersen Dag-erik
136. Rooks Steven - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
137. Stevenhaagen Peter - 1988 : confessions (no penalty)
138. Theunisse Gert-jan - 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control
139. Van Orsouw Marc - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)

Reynolds

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

141. Delgado Pedro - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
142. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier
143. Laguia Martinez José-luis - 1983 : positive control
144. Hernandez Riano Omar-pablo
145. Arnaud Dominique
146. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus
147. Myyrylainen Kari
148. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
149. Mauri Melchior

Château d'Ax

151. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
152. Rominger Tony - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
153. Corti Claudio
154. Allocchio Stefano
155. Bottoia Giovanni
156. Giuliani Stefano
157. Pozzi Alessandro 1
158. Vanotti Ennio
159. Vona Franco

Selca

161. Asti Daniele
162. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
163. Moro Michele
164. Morandi Dante
165. Musetti Moreno
166. Gambirasio Patrizio
167. Rocchi Edoardo
168. Brugnami Gianluca
169. Vannucci Fabrizio

7-Eleven

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

171. Alcala Gallegos Raul
172. Hampsten Andrew
173. Kiefel Ron
174. Knickman Roy
175. Lauritzen Dag-otto
176. Phinney Davis
177. Pierce Jeff
178. Roll Bob
179. Veggerby Jens - 1993 : positive control

Toshiba

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

181. Bernard Jean-françois
182. Bincoletto Pierangelo
183. Kappes Andreas - 1997 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
184. Lammerts Johan
185. Madiot Marc - 198x : confessions in 1987 (no penalty)
186. Poisson Pascal
187. Philipot Fabrice
188. Gaigne Dominique
189. Riis Bjarne - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)

Zahor

191. Fernandez Juan
192. Fancello Cyrille
193. Van Brabant Benny
194. Ocana Perez Angel
195. Martinez Guttierez Juan-thomas
196. Suarez Cueva Jésus - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
197. Ibanez Loyo Jesus-ignacio
198. Portillo Rosado Santiago
199. Zapatero Juan-mart



See also