Giro d'Italia 1985 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Gis 9 1 1 1 1 1
Alpilatte 9 2 2 1 0 0
Ariostea 9 3 1 1 0 0
Atala 9 3 0 0 0 0
Carrera 9 4 0 0 0 0
Del Tongo 9 2 0 0 0 0
Dromedario 9 1 0 0 0 0
Zor 9 1 0 0 0 0
La Vie Claire 9 4 2 1 2 1
Maggi Mobili 9 1 1 0 0 0
Cilo 9 3 0 0 0 0
Malvor 9 1 0 0 0 0
Murella 9 1 0 0 0 0
Café de Colombia 9 1 0 0 0 0
Sammontana 9 2 2 1 0 0
Santini 9 1 0 0 0 0
7-Eleven 9 0 0 0 0 0
Skil 9 3 0 0 0 0
Brianzoli 9 0 1 0 0 0
Vini Ricordi 9 1 0 0 0 0
Total 180 35 10 5 3 2
Pourcentage 19,44% 50% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (12/11/2010)

  1. Hinault Bernard in 105h46'51'' - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
  2. Moser Francesco at 01'08'' - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  3. Lemond Greg at 02'55''
  4. Prim Tommy at 04'53''
  5. Lejarreta Marino at 06'30'' - 1985 : positive control
  6. Baronchelli Gianbattista at 06'32''
  7. Contini Silvano at 07'22'' - 1987 : positive control
  8. Wilson Michael at 07'38''
  9. Chioccioli Franco at 08'33''
  10. Volpi Alberto at 10'31'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
  11. Bombini Emanuele at 10'35'' - 2000 : police investigation
  12. Beccia Mario at 11'53''
  13. Van Impe Lucien at 12'50'' - 1981 : absence to control
  14. Giovannetti Marco at 14'30''
  15. Saronni Giuseppe at 16'48''
  16. Amadori Marino at 17'00''
  17. Salvador Ennio at 17'46''
  18. Zadrobilek Gerhard at 19'25''
  19. Navarro Martinez José-luis at 20'50''
  20. Hampsten Andrew at 21'23''
  21. Ceruti Roberto at 22'35''
  22. Van Der Velde Johann at 24'06'' - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
  23. Maechler Erich at 24'10''
  24. Rota Luca at 26'18''
  25. Camarillo Angel at 26'58''
  26. Loro Luciano at 27'08''
  27. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 34'01''
  28. Panizza Wladimiro at 34'54''
  29. Jourdan Christian at 35'04'' - 1980 : positive control
  30. Masciarelli Palmiro at 36'40''
  31. Vitali Marco at 38'57''
  32. Vanotti Ennio at 39'10''
  33. Da Silva Acacio at 40'47'' - 1984 : positive control
  34. Arnaud Dominique at 41'15''
  35. Boyer Jonathan at 42'29''
  36. Moroni Ezio at 43'14''
  37. Vannucci Fabrizio at 44'20''
  38. Pochini Enrico at 53'38''
  39. Savini Claudio at 54'29''
  40. Veggerby Jens at 55'02'' - 1993 : positive control
  41. Maccali Salvatore at 57'16''
  42. Acevedo Porras Rafael-antonik at 57'54''
  43. Vallet Bernard at 58'17'' - 1982 : absence to control
  44. Mutter Stefan at 1h02'07''
  45. Montoya Reynel at 1h03'05'' - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
  46. Decrion Jacques at 1h03'42'' - 1988 : positive control
  47. Festa Elio at 1h04'28''
  48. Gavazzi Pierino at 1h05'00'' - 2004 : judicial investigation
  49. Schmutz Gottfried at 1h08'31'' - 1983 : positive control
  50. Zimmermann Urs at 1h09'20''
  51. Petersen Steen-michael at 1h09'59''
  52. Ricco Silvano at 1h10'10''
  53. Van Calster Guido at 1h10'29'' - 1986 : positive control
  54. Cassani Davide at 1h12'16''
  55. Chinetti Alfredo at 1h13'58''
  56. Aristizabal Duque Armando at 1h14'36''
  57. Lang Czeslaw at 1h14'46''
  58. Pevenage Rudy at 1h15'11'' - 2006 : police investigation, confessions in 2010
  59. Gutmann Mike at 1h15'59''
  60. Kiefel Ron at 1h18'32''
  61. Rabottini Luciano at 1h18'55''
  62. Rios Abelardo at 1h19'02''
  63. Giuliani Stefano at 1h20'38''
  64. Chiappucci Claudio at 1h20'42'' - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
  65. Piovani Maurizio at 1h21'00''
  66. Gisiger Daniel at 1h21'52'' - 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  67. Mora Zarate Nestor at 1h22'54''
  68. Ghibaudo Piero at 1h24'33''
  69. Randi Romano at 1h27'45''
  70. Imboden Heinz at 1h28'08''
  71. Petito Giuseppe at 1h30'53''
  72. Londono Antonio at 1h33'30''
  73. Wyder Daniel at 1h34'06''
  74. Maini Orlando at 1h38'47'' - 2000 : police investigation
  75. Zola Gianni at 1h39'45''
  76. Gomez Marc at 1h41'40'' - 198x : confessions in 1983 (no penalty)
  77. Ferretti Antonio at 1h42'12''
  78. Roll Bob at 1h42'41''
  79. Pagnin Roberto at 1h43'30''
  80. Leali Bruno at 1h47'04'' - 2010 : police investigation
  81. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr at 1h48'10''
  82. Van Meer Jacques at 1h48'43''
  83. Bittinger René at 1h49'56''
  84. Magnago Walter at 1h54'11''
  85. Wiss Benno at 1h58'40''
  86. Poissonnier Philippe at 2h01'47'' - 1984 : positive control ; 1989 : border control
  87. Ferrari Daniele at 2h02'49''
  88. Cipollini Cesare at 2h05'12''
  89. Patuelli Fabio at 2h07'01''
  90. Patellaro Benedetto at 2h08'11''
  91. Cavallo Domenico at 2h08'58''
  92. Pirard Frits at 2h10'10''
  93. Longo Mauro at 2h11'35''
  94. Knetemann Gerrie at 2h11'42'' - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
  95. Noris Mario at 2h12'37''
  96. Dalgal Walter at 2h15'44''
  97. Carmichael Chris at 2h16'39''
  98. Calovi Roberto at 2h17'10''
  99. Del Ben Daniele at 2h18'10''
  100. Bevilacqua Leonardo at 2h19'32''
  101. Torelli Claudio at 2h19'33''
  102. Rossi Maurizio at 2h21'02''
  103. Piersanti Filippo at 2h21'30''
  104. Phinney Davis at 2h23'29''
  105. Scremin Sergio at 2h23'39''
  106. Ravasio Emilio at 2h24'48''
  107. Bontempi Guido at 2h25'09'' - 1987 : positive control
  108. Pavanello Giuliano at 2h27'34''
  109. Mantovani Giovanni at 2h27'59''
  110. Cordoba Asensi Roberto at 2h31'16''
  111. Montella Giuseppe at 2h34'40''
  112. Mariuzzo Dario at 2h35'45''
  113. Eriksen Kim at 2h37'03''
  114. Milani Silvestro at 2h38'36''
  115. Onghena Ronan at 2h44'48''
  116. Bizzoni Stefano at 2h45'33''
  117. Hoste Frank at 2h47'00''
  118. Bruggmann Jurg at 2h51'06''
  119. Angelucci Mauro at 2h52'12''
  120. Freuler Urs at 2h52'36'' - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
  121. Pica Franco at 2h58'29''
  122. Garcia Aladino at 2h59'38''
  123. Massard André at 3h02'08''
  124. Wayenberg Dirk at 3h05'33''
  125. Ghirotto Massimo at 3h14'12''
  126. Achermann Alfred at 3h14'28'' - 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
  127. Braun Gregor at 3h14'57'' - 1977 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  128. Cavallaro Salvatore at 3h15'37''
  129. Rosola Paolo at 3h19'27''
  130. Van Dongen Wies "jr" at 3h19'49''
  131. Heiden Eric at 3h21'09''
  132. Allocchio Stefano at 3h26'37''
  133. Baronchelli Gaetano at 3h30'44''
  134. Hofeditz Ralf at 3h38'35''
  135. Gambirasio Patrizio at 3h42'14''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lemond Greg
  2. Prim Tommy
  3. Baronchelli Gianbattista
  4. Wilson Michael
  5. Chioccioli Franco
  6. Beccia Mario
  7. Giovannetti Marco
  8. Saronni Giuseppe
  9. Amadori Marino
  10. Salvador Ennio
  11. Zadrobilek Gerhard
  12. Navarro Martinez José-luis
  13. Hampsten Andrew
  14. Ceruti Roberto
  15. Maechler Erich
  16. Rota Luca
  17. Camarillo Angel
  18. Loro Luciano
  19. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  20. Panizza Wladimiro
  21. Masciarelli Palmiro
  22. Vitali Marco
  23. Vanotti Ennio
  24. Arnaud Dominique
  25. Boyer Jonathan
  26. Moroni Ezio
  27. Vannucci Fabrizio
  28. Pochini Enrico
  29. Savini Claudio
  30. Maccali Salvatore
  31. Acevedo Porras Rafael-antonik
  32. Mutter Stefan
  33. Festa Elio
  34. Zimmermann Urs
  35. Petersen Steen-michael
  36. Ricco Silvano
  37. Cassani Davide
  38. Chinetti Alfredo
  39. Aristizabal Duque Armando
  40. Lang Czeslaw
  41. Gutmann Mike
  42. Kiefel Ron
  43. Rabottini Luciano
  44. Rios Abelardo
  45. Giuliani Stefano
  46. Piovani Maurizio
  47. Mora Zarate Nestor
  48. Ghibaudo Piero
  49. Randi Romano
  50. Imboden Heinz
  51. Petito Giuseppe
  52. Londono Antonio
  53. Wyder Daniel
  54. Zola Gianni
  55. Ferretti Antonio
  56. Roll Bob
  57. Pagnin Roberto
  58. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr
  59. Van Meer Jacques
  60. Bittinger René
  61. Magnago Walter
  62. Wiss Benno
  63. Ferrari Daniele
  64. Cipollini Cesare
  65. Patuelli Fabio
  66. Patellaro Benedetto
  67. Cavallo Domenico
  68. Pirard Frits
  69. Longo Mauro
  70. Noris Mario
  71. Dalgal Walter
  72. Carmichael Chris
  73. Calovi Roberto
  74. Del Ben Daniele
  75. Bevilacqua Leonardo
  76. Torelli Claudio
  77. Rossi Maurizio
  78. Piersanti Filippo
  79. Phinney Davis
  80. Scremin Sergio
  81. Ravasio Emilio
  82. Pavanello Giuliano
  83. Mantovani Giovanni
  84. Cordoba Asensi Roberto
  85. Montella Giuseppe
  86. Mariuzzo Dario
  87. Eriksen Kim
  88. Milani Silvestro
  89. Onghena Ronan
  90. Bizzoni Stefano
  91. Hoste Frank
  92. Bruggmann Jurg
  93. Angelucci Mauro
  94. Pica Franco
  95. Garcia Aladino
  96. Massard André
  97. Wayenberg Dirk
  98. Ghirotto Massimo
  99. Cavallaro Salvatore
  100. Rosola Paolo
  101. Van Dongen Wies "jr"
  102. Heiden Eric
  103. Allocchio Stefano
  104. Baronchelli Gaetano
  105. Hofeditz Ralf
  106. Gambirasio Patrizio



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Gis

1. Moser Francesco - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
2. Akam David
3. Calovi Roberto
4. Dalgal Walter
5. Giuliani Stefano
6. Ghibaudo Piero
7. Magnago Walter
8. Maier Harald
9. Masciarelli Palmiro

Alpilatte

8 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,12 per year

11. Lejarreta Marino - 1985 : positive control
12. Amadori Marino
13. Demierre Serge
14. Wilson Michael
15. Maccali Salvatore
16. Maini Orlando - 2000 : police investigation
17. Randi Romano
18. Rossi Maurizio
19. Angelucci Mauro

Ariostea

21. Contini Silvano - 1987 : positive control
22. Braun Gregor - 1977 : absence to control (sanction not known)
23. Giovannetti Marco
24. Panizza Wladimiro
25. Petito Giuseppe
26. Pozzi Alessandro 1
27. Salvador Ennio
28. Van Calster Guido - 1986 : positive control
29. Vanotti Ennio

Atala

31. Cavallaro Salvatore
32. Freuler Urs - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
33. Gavazzi Pierino - 2004 : judicial investigation
34. Gisiger Daniel - 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
35. Morandi Dante
36. Moroni Ezio
37. Noris Mario
38. Ravasio Emilio
39. Zadrobilek Gerhard

Carrera

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

41. Visentini Roberto - 1988 : absence to control
42. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
43. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
44. Lang Czeslaw
45. Chiappucci Claudio - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
46. Ghirotto Massimo
47. Maechler Erich
48. Zimmermann Urs
49. Mutter Stefan

Del Tongo

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

51. Saronni Giuseppe
52. Bombini Emanuele - 2000 : police investigation
53. Ceruti Roberto
54. Hoste Frank
55. Loro Luciano
56. Piovani Maurizio
57. Pevenage Rudy - 2006 : police investigation, confessions in 2010
58. Wayenberg Dirk
59. Vitali Marco

Dromedario

61. Vandi Alfio
62. Ricco Silvano
63. Franceschini Marco
64. Schmutz Gottfried - 1983 : positive control
65. Schönenberger Leo
66. Montella Giuseppe
67. Colage Stefano
68. Ferrari Daniele
69. Pochini Enrico

Zor

15 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,67 per year

71. Arroyo Angel - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control
72. Cavallo Domenico
73. Navarro Martinez José-luis
74. Garcia Aladino
75. Camarillo Angel
76. Pieters Peter
77. Antequera Francisco
78. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
79. Cordoba Asensi Roberto

La Vie Claire

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

81. Hinault Bernard - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
82. Arnaud Dominique
83. Wiss Benno
84. Eriksen Kim
85. Gomez Marc - 198x : confessions in 1983 (no penalty)
86. Jourdan Christian - 1980 : positive control
87. Lemond Greg
88. Salomon Eric
89. Vallet Bernard - 1982 : absence to control

Maggi Mobili

91. Chioccioli Franco
92. Cipollini Cesare
93. Bonzi Mario
94. Vannucci Fabrizio
95. Patellaro Benedetto
96. Patuelli Fabio
97. Piersanti Filippo
98. Petersen Steen-michael
99. Veggerby Jens - 1993 : positive control

Cilo

9 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,22 per year

101. Glaus Gilbert - 1978 : positive control (no penalty)
102. Seiz Hubert
103. Vial Laurent
104. Gutmann Mike
105. Massard André
106. Imboden Heinz
107. Gavillet Bernard - 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
108. Achermann Alfred - 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
109. Wyder Daniel

Malvor

111. Allocchio Stefano
112. Beccia Mario
113. Bevilacqua Leonardo
114. Longo Mauro
115. Milani Silvestro
116. Pagnin Roberto
117. Ferraro Renan
118. Bruggmann Jurg
119. Da Silva Acacio - 1984 : positive control

Murella

121. Bizzoni Stefano
122. Cortinovis Tullio
123. Gradi Raniero
124. Paganessi Alessandro
125. Pedersen Dag-erik
126. Polini Marino
127. Renosto Giovanni - 2008 : positive control
128. Rota Luca
129. Del Ben Daniele

Café de Colombia

6 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,17 per year

131. Bohorquez Ortega Argemiro
132. Aristizabal Duque Armando
133. Acevedo Porras Rafael-antonik
134. Mora Zarate Nestor
135. Lopez Alfonso
136. Montoya Reynel - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
137. Rios Abelardo
138. Castillo Ramirez Juan-carlos
139. Londono Antonio

Sammontana

141. Argentin Moreno
142. Bertacco Tullio
143. Mariuzzo Dario
144. Prim Tommy
145. Rosola Paolo
146. Segersall Alf
147. Volpi Alberto - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
148. Worre Jesper - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
149. Torelli Claudio

Santini

38 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 0,42 per year

151. Van Impe Lucien - 1981 : absence to control
152. Caroli Daniele
153. Cassani Davide
154. Lanzoni Giuseppe
155. Gambirasio Patrizio
156. Conti Maurizio
157. Pavanello Giuliano
158. Matt Rigobert
159. Festa Elio

7-Eleven

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

161. Bradley Jeff
162. Boyer Jonathan
163. Carmichael Chris
164. Hampsten Andrew
165. Heiden Eric
166. Kiefel Ron
167. Phinney Davis
168. Roll Bob
169. Schuler Tom

Skil

8 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 1,12 per year

171. Von Allmen Alain
172. Pirard Frits
173. Knetemann Gerrie - 1974 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1977 : positive control (no penalty)
174. Van Meer Jacques
175. Onghena Ronan
176. Hofeditz Ralf
177. Poissonnier Philippe - 1984 : positive control ; 1989 : border control
178. Decrion Jacques - 1988 : positive control
179. Bittinger René

Brianzoli

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

181. Baronchelli Gaetano
182. Corti Claudio
183. Mantovani Giovanni
184. Chinetti Alfredo
185. Baronchelli Gianbattista
186. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr
187. Bottoia Giovanni
188. Zola Gianni
189. Ferretti Antonio

Vini Ricordi

191. Algeri Vittorio
192. Bincoletto Pierangelo
193. Magrini Riccardo
194. Pica Franco
195. Rabottini Luciano
196. Savini Claudio
197. Scremin Sergio
198. Van Der Velde Johann - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
199. Van Dongen Wies "jr"



See also