Giro d'Italia 1977 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Bianchi 10 3 0 0 0 0
Brooklyn 10 3 1 1 0 0
Fiorella 10 0 0 0 0 0
GBC 10 1 0 0 0 0
Jollyceramica 10 4 0 0 0 0
KAS 10 6 0 0 0 0
Flandria 10 3 1 1 1 1
Magniflex 10 1 2 0 0 0
Sanson 10 1 3 1 1 1
Scic 10 1 3 0 1 0
Selle Royal 10 3 0 0 0 0
Teka 10 6 0 0 0 0
Vibor 10 0 0 0 0 0
Zonca 10 2 0 0 0 0
Total 140 34 10 3 3 2
Pourcentage 24,29% 30% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (13/11/2010)

  1. Pollentier Michel in 107h27'16'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
  2. Moser Francesco at 02'32'' - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  3. Baronchelli Gianbattista at 04'02''
  4. Vandi Alfio at 07'50''
  5. Panizza Wladimiro at 07'56''
  6. Dewitte Ronald at 10'04'' - 1974 : positive control
  7. Riccomi Walter at 12'28''
  8. Bortolotto Claudio at 13'41''
  9. Beccia Mario at 13'48''
  10. Francioni Wilmo at 16'11''
  11. Fraccaro Simone at 17'39''
  12. Bellini Giancarlo at 19'49''
  13. Viejo José-luis at 20'57'' - 1975 : positive control
  14. Algeri Vittorio at 21'22''
  15. Gimondi Felice at 22'59'' - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
  16. Aja Gonzalo at 24'13''
  17. Sgalbazzi Amilcare at 25'15''
  18. Perletto Giuseppe at 26'16''
  19. Lasa Miguel-maria at 26'37'' - 1977 : positive control
  20. Johansson Bernt at 28'01''
  21. Pizzini Leone at 31'28'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  22. Fuchs Josef at 31'39''
  23. Rocchia Remo at 34'43''
  24. Barone Carmelo at 35'06''
  25. Chinetti Alfredo at 36'43''
  26. Cavalcanti Giovanni at 40'44'' - 1967 : positive control
  27. Martinez Mariano at 42'49'' - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
  28. Santambrogio Giacinto at 46'04''
  29. Houbrechts Antoon at 48'36''
  30. Crepaldi Ottavio at 49'33'' - 1973 : absence to control
  31. Fernandez Ovies Faustino at 49'54'' - 1979 : positive control
  32. Poggiali Roberto at 50'32''
  33. Vannucchi Mauro at 50'33''
  34. Pujol Juan at 51'11''
  35. Pozo Sebastian at 51'56'' - 1977 : absence to control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  36. Sutter Ueli at 52'59''
  37. Laghi Renato at 53'30''
  38. Donadello Aldo at 54'43''
  39. Polini Walter at 55'01''
  40. Gialdini Ruggero at 55'21''
  41. Conati Luciano at 58'01'' - 1975 : positive control
  42. Vanzo Dorino at 58'42''
  43. Marchetti Renato at 58'59''
  44. Antonini Alessio at 59'54''
  45. Conti Franco at 1h01'03''
  46. Battaglin Giovanni at 1h07'29'' - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
  47. Esparza Manuel at 1h07'38'' - 1979 : positive control
  48. Santoni Glauco at 1h08'38''
  49. Fabbri Fabrizio at 1h12'54''
  50. Caverzasi Arnaldo at 1h14'43''
  51. Loro Luciano at 1h16'06''
  52. Perurena Domingo at 1h17'29'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  53. Borgognoni Luciano at 1h18'40''
  54. Lualdi Valerio at 1h19'20''
  55. Lopez-carril Vicente at 1h20'35''
  56. Balague Luis at 1h21'09''
  57. Baronchelli Gaetano at 1h21'20''
  58. Vilardebo Pedro at 1h21'40'' - 1978 : fraud
  59. Fontanelli Sigfrido at 1h23'04''
  60. Ceruti Roberto at 1h24'15''
  61. Rodella Giuseppe at 1h25'08''
  62. Pugliese Pasquale at 1h25'57''
  63. Loder Eric at 1h31'06''
  64. Vicino Bruno at 1h31'13''
  65. Beyssens Herman at 1h34'12''
  66. Guadrini Enrico at 1h35'21''
  67. Salutini Antonio at 1h37'33''
  68. Parsani Sergio at 1h37'34''
  69. Kraft Jürgen at 1h37'37''
  70. Knudsen Knud at 1h38'25'' - 1975 : positive control
  71. Andiano Julian at 1h39'00''
  72. Van Vlierberghe Albert at 1h39'25''
  73. Bitossi Franco at 1h40'16''
  74. Paolini Enrico at 1h40'21''
  75. De Geest Willy at 1h40'27''
  76. Fabbri Jean-claude at 1h42'45''
  77. Mazzantini Leonardo at 1h49'37''
  78. Demeyer Marc at 1h49'47''
  79. Mugnaini Gabriele at 1h49'55''
  80. Gavazzi Pierino at 1h53'11'' - 2004 : judicial investigation
  81. Bertini Maurizio at 1h53'43''
  82. Giuliani Donato at 1h55'34'' - 2009 : judicial investigation
  83. Passuello Giuseppe at 1h57'22''
  84. Vercelli Celestino at 1h57'28''
  85. Simonetti Mauro at 1h57'46''
  86. Tosoni Angelo at 1h57'47''
  87. Bergamo Marcello at 1h59'07''
  88. Marcussen Jorgen at 1h59'59''
  89. In't Ven Willy at 2h03'17'' - 1970 : positive control
  90. Landoni Gabriele at 2h05'08''
  91. Malfait Lieven at 2h06'31''
  92. Lora Armando at 2h06'53''
  93. Grande José at 2h07'00''
  94. Magrini Riccardo at 2h09'25''
  95. Spinelli Piero at 2h11'09'' - 1972 : absence to control
  96. Colombo Annunzio at 2h11'28'' - 1977 : positive control
  97. Suarez Cueva Jésus at 2h15'37'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  98. Elorriaga Javier at 2h18'40''
  99. Zanoni Bruno at 2h20'16''
  100. Miozzo Flavio at 2h24'56''
  101. Checchi Andrea at 2h25'54''
  102. Quintarelli Sandro at 2h26'32''
  103. Bonini Antonioh
  104. Parecchini Aldo at 2h27'50''
  105. De Faveri Annibale at 2h30'29''
  106. Pella Adriano at 2h31'13''
  107. Martinelli Giuseppe at 2h31'17''
  108. Mezzani Marzio at 2h34'11''
  109. Edwards Phil at 2h34'27''
  110. Verschuere Pol at 2h36'12''
  111. Algeri Pietro at 2h36'31'' - 1980 : positive control
  112. Van Linden Alex at 2h36'42''
  113. Osler Marcello at 2h37'28''
  114. Caiumi Alberto at 2h37'47''
  115. Zuanel Gianluigi at 2h40'08''
  116. Foresti Gianfranco at 2h41'07''
  117. Castelletti Luigi at 2h44'48''
  118. Bettoni Osvaldo at 2h51'04''
  119. Verschaeve Roger at 2h51'52''
  120. Jakst Hans-peter at 2h52'56'' - 1980 : positive control (sanction not known)
  121. Paleari Ignazio at 2h55'14''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Baronchelli Gianbattista
  2. Vandi Alfio
  3. Panizza Wladimiro
  4. Riccomi Walter
  5. Bortolotto Claudio
  6. Beccia Mario
  7. Francioni Wilmo
  8. Fraccaro Simone
  9. Bellini Giancarlo
  10. Algeri Vittorio
  11. Aja Gonzalo
  12. Sgalbazzi Amilcare
  13. Perletto Giuseppe
  14. Johansson Bernt
  15. Fuchs Josef
  16. Rocchia Remo
  17. Barone Carmelo
  18. Chinetti Alfredo
  19. Santambrogio Giacinto
  20. Houbrechts Antoon
  21. Poggiali Roberto
  22. Vannucchi Mauro
  23. Pujol Juan
  24. Sutter Ueli
  25. Laghi Renato
  26. Donadello Aldo
  27. Polini Walter
  28. Gialdini Ruggero
  29. Vanzo Dorino
  30. Marchetti Renato
  31. Antonini Alessio
  32. Conti Franco
  33. Santoni Glauco
  34. Fabbri Fabrizio
  35. Caverzasi Arnaldo
  36. Loro Luciano
  37. Borgognoni Luciano
  38. Lualdi Valerio
  39. Lopez-carril Vicente
  40. Balague Luis
  41. Baronchelli Gaetano
  42. Fontanelli Sigfrido
  43. Ceruti Roberto
  44. Rodella Giuseppe
  45. Pugliese Pasquale
  46. Loder Eric
  47. Vicino Bruno
  48. Beyssens Herman
  49. Guadrini Enrico
  50. Salutini Antonio
  51. Parsani Sergio
  52. Kraft Jürgen
  53. Andiano Julian
  54. Van Vlierberghe Albert
  55. Bitossi Franco
  56. Paolini Enrico
  57. De Geest Willy
  58. Fabbri Jean-claude
  59. Mazzantini Leonardo
  60. Demeyer Marc
  61. Mugnaini Gabriele
  62. Bertini Maurizio
  63. Passuello Giuseppe
  64. Vercelli Celestino
  65. Simonetti Mauro
  66. Tosoni Angelo
  67. Bergamo Marcello
  68. Marcussen Jorgen
  69. Landoni Gabriele
  70. Malfait Lieven
  71. Lora Armando
  72. Grande José
  73. Magrini Riccardo
  74. Elorriaga Javier
  75. Zanoni Bruno
  76. Miozzo Flavio
  77. Checchi Andrea
  78. Quintarelli Sandro
  79. Bonini Antonio
  80. Parecchini Aldo
  81. De Faveri Annibale
  82. Pella Adriano
  83. Martinelli Giuseppe
  84. Mezzani Marzio
  85. Edwards Phil
  86. Verschuere Pol
  87. Van Linden Alex
  88. Osler Marcello
  89. Caiumi Alberto
  90. Zuanel Gianluigi
  91. Foresti Gianfranco
  92. Castelletti Luigi
  93. Bettoni Osvaldo
  94. Verschaeve Roger
  95. Paleari Ignazio



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Bianchi

17 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,18 per year

1. Gimondi Felice - 1968 : positive control ; 1974 : positive control ; 1975 : positive control ; 1978 : positive control (sanction not known)
2. Van Linden Rik
3. Castelletti Luigi
4. Cavalcanti Giovanni - 1967 : positive control
5. In't Ven Willy - 1970 : positive control
6. Houbrechts Antoon
7. Parsani Sergio
8. Santambrogio Giacinto
9. Santoni Glauco
10. Van Linden Alex

Brooklyn

10 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,3 per year

11. De Vlaeminck Roger - 197x : fraud (sanction not known)
12. De Muynck Johan
13. Dewitte Ronald - 1974 : positive control
14. Bellini Giancarlo
15. Crepaldi Ottavio - 1973 : absence to control
16. Osler Marcello
17. Parecchini Aldo
18. Vercelli Celestino
19. De Geest Willy
20. Van Der Slagmolen Herman

Fiorella

No doping cases listed for this team

21. Barone Carmelo
22. Bonini Antonio
23. Checchi Andrea
24. Johansson Bernt
25. Magrini Riccardo
26. Mezzani Marzio
27. Paleari Ignazio
28. Sefton Clyde
29. Simonetti Mauro
30. Zuanel Gianluigi

GBC

31. Algeri Pietro - 1980 : positive control
32. Algeri Vittorio
33. Ceruti Roberto
34. Landoni Gabriele
35. Loro Luciano
36. Polini Walter
37. Tosoni Angelo
38. Vanzo Dorino
39. Vicino Bruno
40. Zanoni Bruno

Jollyceramica

5 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,4 per year

41. Antonini Alessio
42. Battaglin Giovanni - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
43. Bertoglio Fausto
44. Gavazzi Pierino - 2004 : judicial investigation
45. Knudsen Knud - 1975 : positive control
46. Fraccaro Simone
47. Sgalbazzi Amilcare
48. Martinelli Giuseppe
49. Giuliani Donato - 2009 : judicial investigation
50. Chinetti Alfredo

KAS

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

51. Viejo José-luis - 1975 : positive control
52. Perurena Domingo - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
53. Lopez-carril Vicente
54. Pozo Sebastian - 1977 : absence to control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
55. Cima José-enrique - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control (sanction not known)
56. Andiano Julian
57. Gonzales-linares José-antonio - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
58. Fernandez Ovies Faustino - 1979 : positive control
59. Pujol Juan
60. Martinez Heredia Enrique

Flandria

22 years of existence, 28 cases, ie 1,27 per year

61. Maertens Freddy - 1974 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1977 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1977 : confessions in 1978 (no penalty) ; 1978 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1986 : positive control (sanction not known)
62. Pollentier Michel - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1978 : fraud
63. Demeyer Marc
64. Malfait Lieven
65. Verschuere Pol
66. Verschaeve Roger
67. Van Vlierberghe Albert
68. Martinez Mariano - 197x : confessions in 1997 (no penalty) ; 1980 : absence to control (no penalty)
69. Loder Eric
70. Beyssens Herman

Magniflex

25 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,4 per year

71. Vandi Alfio
72. Lora Armando
73. Edwards Phil
74. Perletto Giuseppe
75. Tinchella Daniele - 1976 : positive control
76. Francioni Wilmo
77. Vannucchi Mauro
78. Gialdini Ruggero
79. Fabbri Jean-claude
80. Tartoni Giancarlo

Sanson

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

81. Moser Francesco - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
82. Beccia Mario
83. Fontanelli Sigfrido
84. Bortolotto Claudio
85. Donadello Aldo
86. Fabbri Fabrizio
87. Fuchs Josef
88. Lualdi Valerio
89. Marchetti Renato
90. Poggiali Roberto

Scic

11 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,09 per year

91. Baronchelli Gianbattista
92. Baronchelli Gaetano
93. Bettoni Osvaldo
94. Caverzasi Arnaldo
95. Conati Luciano - 1975 : positive control
96. Foresti Gianfranco
97. Gualazzini Ercole
98. Panizza Wladimiro
99. Paolini Enrico
100. Riccomi Walter

Selle Royal

101. Basso Marino - 2010 : positive control (?)
102. Caiumi Alberto
103. Leuenberger René
104. De Faveri Annibale
105. Pella Adriano
106. Pizzini Leone - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
107. Quintarelli Sandro
108. Bausager Per
109. Jakst Hans-peter - 1980 : positive control (sanction not known)
110. Kraft Jürgen

Teka

15 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1,2 per year

111. Lasa Miguel-maria - 1977 : positive control
112. Martinez Paulino - 1983 : positive control
113. Aja Gonzalo
114. Elorriaga Javier
115. Grande José
116. Balague Luis
117. Suarez Cueva Jésus - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
118. Vilardebo Pedro - 1978 : fraud
119. Esparza Manuel - 1979 : positive control
120. Fernandez Moreno Francisco - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)

Vibor

121. Bitossi Franco
122. Bertini Maurizio
123. Miozzo Flavio
124. Borgognoni Luciano
125. Laghi Renato
126. Marcussen Jorgen
127. Mugnaini Gabriele
128. Rocchia Remo
129. Rodella Giuseppe
130. Salutini Antonio

Zonca

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

131. Bergamo Marcello
132. Conti Constantino
133. Conti Franco
134. Guadrini Enrico
135. Mazzantini Leonardo
136. Passuello Giuseppe
137. Pugliese Pasquale
138. Colombo Annunzio - 1977 : positive control
139. Spinelli Piero - 1972 : absence to control
140. Sutter Ueli



See also