Giro d'Italia 1986 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Atala 9 3 0 0 0 0
Ecoflam 9 1 1 0 0 0
Carrera 9 4 1 1 1 1
Ariostea 9 0 0 0 0 0
Del Tongo 9 1 1 0 1 0
Dromedario 9 0 0 0 0 0
Fagor 9 2 1 1 0 0
Cilo 9 3 0 0 0 0
Gis 9 1 1 0 0 0
La Vie Claire 9 2 2 0 0 0
Magniflex 9 2 0 0 0 0
Malvor 9 1 1 1 0 0
Murella 9 2 0 0 0 0
Panasonic 9 4 0 0 0 0
Sammontana 9 2 0 0 0 0
Santini 9 2 0 0 0 0
Skala 9 1 0 0 0 0
Brianzoli 9 2 2 1 1 1
Vini Ricordi 9 3 0 0 0 0
Total 171 36 10 4 3 2
Pourcentage 21,05% 40% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (12/11/2010)

  1. Visentini Roberto in 102h33'55'' - 1988 : absence to control
  2. Saronni Giuseppe at 01'02''
  3. Moser Francesco at 02'14'' - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  4. Lemond Greg at 02'26''
  5. Corti Claudio at 04'49''
  6. Chioccioli Franco at 06'58''
  7. Da Silva Acacio at 07'12'' - 1984 : positive control
  8. Giovannetti Marco at 08'03''
  9. Ruttimann Niki at 09'15''
  10. Munoz Pedro at 11'52'' - 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
  11. Vandi Alfio at 12'40''
  12. Paganessi Alessandro at 13'34''
  13. Colage Stefano at 15'21''
  14. Van Lancker Eric at 17'52''
  15. Worre Jesper at 18'37'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  16. Van Der Velde Johann at 24'03'' - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
  17. Wilson Michael at 26'22''
  18. Thurau Dietrich at 26'27'' - 1980 : absence to control ; 1980 : positive control ; 1980 : positive control and fraud (no penalty) ; 1980 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : in the act ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
  19. Cerin Primoz at 26'34''
  20. Contini Silvano at 27'41'' - 1987 : positive control
  21. Prim Tommy at 28'18''
  22. Kuiper Hennie at 29'08''
  23. Schepers Eddy at 32'48'' - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
  24. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 34'24''
  25. Bulic Bruno at 35'32''
  26. Vanotti Ennio at 35'56''
  27. Veggerby Jens at 39'14'' - 1993 : positive control
  28. Conti Maurizio at 41'52''
  29. Ghirotto Massimo at 42'30''
  30. Cattaneo Rocco at 42'35''
  31. Beccia Mario at 43'48''
  32. Loro Luciano at 47'08''
  33. Salvador Ennio at 48'07''
  34. Savini Claudio at 49'10''
  35. Cassani Davide at 50'22''
  36. Vannucci Fabrizio at 51'25''
  37. Vitali Marco at 53'38''
  38. De Wolf Alfons at 54'53''
  39. Pochini Enrico at 56'36''
  40. Piccolo Renato at 56'58''
  41. Bugno Gianni at 1h01'19'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  42. Bertacco Tullio at 1h02'38''
  43. Giupponi Flavio at 1h03'50'' - 1988 : absence to control
  44. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn at 1h05'15''
  45. Bauer Steve at 1h10'13''
  46. Masciarelli Palmiro at 1h10'15''
  47. Earley Martin at 1h11'03''
  48. Ceruti Roberto at 1h15'12''
  49. Jourdan Christian at 1h17'15'' - 1980 : positive control
  50. Bernaudeau Jean-rené at 1h23'51'' - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  51. Vigneron Alain at 1h24'17''
  52. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr at 1h27'17''
  53. Amadori Marino at 1h28'01''
  54. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h30'12'' - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  55. Zadrobilek Gerhard at 1h31'34''
  56. Rabottini Luciano at 1h32'31''
  57. Schmutz Gottfried at 1h34'09'' - 1983 : positive control
  58. Leali Bruno at 1h35'33'' - 2010 : police investigation
  59. Piva Valerio at 1h37'47''
  60. Santimaria Sergio at 1h38'11''
  61. Imboden Heinz at 1h39'49''
  62. Habets Jean at 1h41'14''
  63. Bizzoni Stefano at 1h41'40''
  64. Randi Romano at 1h42'34''
  65. Piasecki Lech at 1h42'45''
  66. Giuliani Stefano at 1h42'56''
  67. Nilsson Kjell at 1h43'07''
  68. Lang Czeslaw at 1h44'25''
  69. Moroni Ezio at 1h44'31''
  70. Lammerts Johan at 1h46'23''
  71. Breukink Erik at 1h48'39''
  72. Knickman Roy at 1h50'54''
  73. Rossi Maurizio at 1h52'13''
  74. Franceschini Marco at 1h55'39''
  75. Bincoletto Pierangelo at 1h56'17''
  76. Cesarini Francesco at 1h57'33''
  77. Festa Elio at 1h57'44''
  78. Stephens Neil at 1h59'46'' - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
  79. Van Vliet Teun at 2h03'12''
  80. Pagnin Roberto at 2h04'19''
  81. Petersen Steen-michael at 2h09'15''
  82. Serra Patrick at 2h12'40''
  83. Del Ben Daniele at 2h16'06''
  84. Petito Giuseppe at 2h16'28''
  85. Piovani Maurizio at 2h16'47''
  86. Polini Marino at 2h16'54''
  87. Noris Mario at 2h18'08''
  88. Cortinovis Tullio at 2h19'18''
  89. Patuelli Fabio at 2h20'42''
  90. Bordonali Fabio at 2h21'08''
  91. Zola Gianni at 2h23'30''
  92. Terront Fausto at 2h24'02''
  93. Van Houwelingen Adrie at 2h24'34''
  94. Longo Mauro at 2h25'29''
  95. Ricco Silvano at 2h27'01''
  96. Lubberding Henk at 2h27'08''
  97. Rominger Tony at 2h28'33'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  98. Garnier Frédéric at 2h30'17''
  99. Bontempi Guido at 2h30'51'' - 1987 : positive control
  100. Piersanti Filippo at 2h31'41''
  101. Demierre Serge at 2h33'13''
  102. Gisiger Daniel at 2h33'30'' - 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  103. Angelucci Mauro at 2h38'47''
  104. Faraca Giuseppe at 2h40'36''
  105. Mariuzzo Dario at 2h41'55''
  106. Gavazzi Pierino at 2h44'36'' - 2004 : judicial investigation
  107. Cipollini Cesare at 2h44'38''
  108. Renosto Giovanni at 2h44'41'' - 2008 : positive control
  109. Cavallaro Salvatore at 2h45'06''
  110. Maini Orlando at 2h47'12'' - 2000 : police investigation
  111. Jakobs Gert at 2h47'15'' - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
  112. Tabai Marco at 2h48'12''
  113. Cavallo Domenico at 2h49'13''
  114. Abadie Henri at 2h49'14''
  115. Mantovani Giovanni at 2h49'56''
  116. Peiper Alan at 2h53'07'' - 1986 : absence to control
  117. Rosola Paolo at 2h54'06''
  118. Van Der Poel Jacques at 2h54'16''
  119. Eriksen Kim at 2h55'07''
  120. Grimani Enrico at 2h57'05''
  121. Montedori Giancarlo at 2h58'25''
  122. Ghiotto Federico at 2h59'10'' - 1990 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1993 : positive control
  123. Bottoia Giovanni at 2h59'27''
  124. Vanderaerden Eric at 3h01'26''
  125. Van Poppel Jean-paul at 3h04'20''
  126. Freuler Urs at 3h05'11'' - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
  127. Gaggioli Roberto at 3h05'35''
  128. Chesini Flavio at 3h06'47''
  129. De Keulenaer Ludo at 3h07'12'' - 1992 : fraud & confessions
  130. Verhoeven Nico at 3h09'08''
  131. Bruggmann Jurg at 3h10'24''
  132. Allocchio Stefano at 3h11'49''
  133. Milani Silvestro at 3h14'32''
  134. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 3h15'44'' - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  135. Naldi Juri at 3h20'37''
  136. Hoste Frank at 3h20'49''
  137. Gambirasio Patrizio at 3h29'05''
  138. Montella Giuseppe at 3h29'15''
  139. Zanatta Stefano at 3h38'26''
  140. Morandi Dante at 3h39'30''
  141. Baffi Adriano at 3h41'00''
  142. Delle Case Walter at 3h51'12''
  143. Asti Daniele at 3h55'33''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Saronni Giuseppe
  2. Lemond Greg
  3. Corti Claudio
  4. Chioccioli Franco
  5. Giovannetti Marco
  6. Ruttimann Niki
  7. Vandi Alfio
  8. Paganessi Alessandro
  9. Colage Stefano
  10. Van Lancker Eric
  11. Wilson Michael
  12. Cerin Primoz
  13. Prim Tommy
  14. Kuiper Hennie
  15. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  16. Bulic Bruno
  17. Vanotti Ennio
  18. Conti Maurizio
  19. Ghirotto Massimo
  20. Cattaneo Rocco
  21. Beccia Mario
  22. Loro Luciano
  23. Salvador Ennio
  24. Savini Claudio
  25. Cassani Davide
  26. Vannucci Fabrizio
  27. Vitali Marco
  28. De Wolf Alfons
  29. Pochini Enrico
  30. Piccolo Renato
  31. Bertacco Tullio
  32. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
  33. Bauer Steve
  34. Masciarelli Palmiro
  35. Earley Martin
  36. Ceruti Roberto
  37. Vigneron Alain
  38. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr
  39. Amadori Marino
  40. Zadrobilek Gerhard
  41. Rabottini Luciano
  42. Piva Valerio
  43. Santimaria Sergio
  44. Imboden Heinz
  45. Habets Jean
  46. Bizzoni Stefano
  47. Randi Romano
  48. Piasecki Lech
  49. Giuliani Stefano
  50. Nilsson Kjell
  51. Lang Czeslaw
  52. Moroni Ezio
  53. Lammerts Johan
  54. Breukink Erik
  55. Knickman Roy
  56. Rossi Maurizio
  57. Franceschini Marco
  58. Bincoletto Pierangelo
  59. Cesarini Francesco
  60. Festa Elio
  61. Van Vliet Teun
  62. Pagnin Roberto
  63. Petersen Steen-michael
  64. Serra Patrick
  65. Del Ben Daniele
  66. Petito Giuseppe
  67. Piovani Maurizio
  68. Polini Marino
  69. Noris Mario
  70. Cortinovis Tullio
  71. Patuelli Fabio
  72. Bordonali Fabio
  73. Zola Gianni
  74. Terront Fausto
  75. Van Houwelingen Adrie
  76. Longo Mauro
  77. Ricco Silvano
  78. Lubberding Henk
  79. Garnier Frédéric
  80. Piersanti Filippo
  81. Demierre Serge
  82. Angelucci Mauro
  83. Faraca Giuseppe
  84. Mariuzzo Dario
  85. Cipollini Cesare
  86. Cavallaro Salvatore
  87. Tabai Marco
  88. Cavallo Domenico
  89. Abadie Henri
  90. Mantovani Giovanni
  91. Rosola Paolo
  92. Van Der Poel Jacques
  93. Eriksen Kim
  94. Grimani Enrico
  95. Montedori Giancarlo
  96. Bottoia Giovanni
  97. Vanderaerden Eric
  98. Van Poppel Jean-paul
  99. Gaggioli Roberto
  100. Chesini Flavio
  101. Verhoeven Nico
  102. Bruggmann Jurg
  103. Allocchio Stefano
  104. Milani Silvestro
  105. Naldi Juri
  106. Hoste Frank
  107. Gambirasio Patrizio
  108. Montella Giuseppe
  109. Zanatta Stefano
  110. Morandi Dante
  111. Baffi Adriano
  112. Delle Case Walter
  113. Asti Daniele



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Atala

1. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
2. Cavallaro Salvatore
3. Christiansson Per
4. Freuler Urs - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
5. Gavazzi Pierino - 2004 : judicial investigation
6. Morandi Dante
7. Moroni Ezio
8. Noris Mario
9. Ravasio Emilio

Ecoflam

11. Amadori Marino
12. Caroli Daniele
13. Chioccioli Franco
14. Gaggioli Roberto
15. Maini Orlando - 2000 : police investigation
16. Piersanti Filippo
17. Randi Romano
18. Rossi Maurizio
19. Wilson Michael

Carrera

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

21. Roche Stephen
22. Visentini Roberto - 1988 : absence to control
23. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
24. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
25. Cassani Davide
26. Schepers Eddy - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
27. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
28. Bordonali Fabio
29. Ghirotto Massimo

Ariostea

31. Cavallo Domenico
32. Ghibaudo Piero
33. Nilsson Kjell
34. Pedersen Dag-erik
35. Rota Luca
36. Santimaria Sergio
37. Serra Patrick
38. Vandelli Maurizio
39. Vandi Alfio

Del Tongo

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

41. Saronni Giuseppe
42. Giupponi Flavio - 1988 : absence to control
43. Cesarini Francesco
44. Piasecki Lech
45. Piovani Maurizio
46. Loro Luciano
47. Lang Czeslaw
48. Ceruti Roberto
49. Milani Silvestro

Dromedario

51. Ricco Silvano
52. Colage Stefano
53. Franceschini Marco
54. Pochini Enrico
55. Vandelli Claudio
56. Montella Giuseppe
57. Montedori Giancarlo
58. Terront Fausto
59. Faraca Giuseppe

Fagor

5 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,6 per year

61. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso
62. Bohorquez Ortega Argemiro
63. Munoz Pedro - 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
64. Hoste Frank
65. Bernaudeau Jean-rené - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
66. Verschuere Pol
67. Chaubet Christian
68. Abadie Henri
69. Earley Martin

Cilo

9 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,22 per year

71. Schmutz Gottfried - 1983 : positive control
72. Grezet Jean-marie
73. Imboden Heinz
74. Cattaneo Rocco
75. Demierre Serge
76. Rominger Tony - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
77. Gisiger Daniel - 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
78. Bruggmann Jurg
79. Vitali Marco

Gis

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

81. Baffi Adriano
82. Contini Silvano - 1987 : positive control
83. Giovannetti Marco
84. Masciarelli Palmiro
85. Petito Giuseppe
86. Pozzi Alessandro 1
87. Polini Marino
88. Salvador Ennio
89. Vanotti Ennio

La Vie Claire

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

91. Lemond Greg
92. Bauer Steve
93. Bérard Charly - 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
94. Eriksen Kim
95. Garnier Frédéric
96. Knickman Roy
97. Ruttimann Niki
98. Vigneron Alain
99. Jourdan Christian - 1980 : positive control

Magniflex

101. Asti Daniele
102. Bulic Bruno
103. Cenghialta Bruno - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
104. Chesini Flavio
105. Cipollini Cesare
106. Galleschi Enrico
107. Giannelli Alessandro
108. Grimani Enrico
109. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)

Malvor

16 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,12 per year

111. Allocchio Stefano
112. Beccia Mario
113. Bincoletto Pierangelo
114. Longo Mauro
115. Pagnin Roberto
116. Piccolo Renato
117. Zanatta Stefano
118. Cerin Primoz
119. Da Silva Acacio - 1984 : positive control

Murella

6 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,17 per year

121. Bizzoni Stefano
122. Braun Gregor - 1977 : absence to control (sanction not known)
123. Del Ben Daniele
124. Delle Case Walter
125. Franzoni Giuseppe
126. Gradi Raniero
127. Patuelli Fabio
128. Sorensen Rolf - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
129. Tabai Marco

Panasonic

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

131. Breukink Erik
132. De Keulenaer Ludo - 1992 : fraud & confessions
133. Van Lancker Eric
134. Lubberding Henk
135. Peiper Alan - 1986 : absence to control
136. Giesberts Ludo - 1988 : positive control ; 2006 : judicial investigation
137. Vanderaerden Eric
138. Van Der Velde Johann - 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
139. Van Vliet Teun

Sammontana

141. Bertacco Tullio
142. Cortinovis Tullio
143. Mariuzzo Dario
144. Paganessi Alessandro
145. Piva Valerio
146. Prim Tommy
147. Renosto Giovanni - 2008 : positive control
148. Rosola Paolo
149. Volpi Alberto - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)

Santini

151. Worre Jesper - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
152. Petersen Steen-michael
153. Stephens Neil - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
154. Conti Maurizio
155. Festa Elio
156. Vannucci Fabrizio
157. Patellaro Benedetto
158. Gambirasio Patrizio
159. Angelucci Mauro

Skala

161. Kuiper Hennie
162. De Wolf Alfons
163. Van Poppel Jean-paul
164. Verhoeven Nico
165. Van Houwelingen Adrie
166. Jakobs Gert - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
167. Habets Jean
168. Van Der Poel Jacques
169. Van Meer Jacques

Brianzoli

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

171. Moser Francesco - 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
172. Baronchelli Gianbattista
173. Corti Claudio
174. Thurau Dietrich - 1980 : absence to control ; 1980 : positive control ; 1980 : positive control and fraud (no penalty) ; 1980 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : in the act ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
175. Zadrobilek Gerhard
176. Bottoia Giovanni
177. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr
178. Giuliani Stefano
179. Zola Gianni

Vini Ricordi

181. Bombini Emanuele - 2000 : police investigation
182. Ghiotto Federico - 1990 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1993 : positive control
183. Lammerts Johan
184. Magrini Riccardo
185. Mantovani Giovanni
186. Naldi Juri
187. Rabottini Luciano
188. Savini Claudio
189. Veggerby Jens - 1993 : positive control



See also