Giro d'Italia 1986 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Atala 9 3 0 0 0 0
Ecoflam 9 1 1 0 0 0
Carrera 9 5 1 1 1 1
Ariostea 9 0 0 0 0 0
Del Tongo 9 2 1 1 1 1
Dromedario 9 1 0 0 0 0
Fagor 9 2 1 1 0 0
Cilo 9 3 0 0 0 0
Gis 9 1 1 0 0 0
La Vie Claire 9 2 2 0 0 0
Magniflex 9 2 0 0 0 0
Malvor 9 1 1 1 0 0
Murella 9 2 0 0 0 0
Panasonic 9 4 0 0 0 0
Sammontana 9 2 0 0 0 0
Santini 9 2 0 0 0 0
Skala 9 1 0 0 0 0
Brianzoli 9 2 2 1 1 1
Vini Ricordi 9 3 0 0 0 0
Total 171 39 10 5 3 3
Pourcentage 23% 50% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (12/11/2010)

  1. Visentini Roberto in 102h33'55'' Red card 1988 : absence to control
  2. Saronni Giuseppe at 0h01'02'' Yellow card 1983 : disciplinary investigation (no penalty)
  3. Moser Francesco at 0h02'14'' Yellow card 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
  4. Lemond Greg at 0h02'26''
  5. Corti Claudio at 0h04'49''
  6. Chioccioli Franco at 0h06'58''
  7. Da Silva Acacio at 0h07'12'' Red card 1984 : positive control
  8. Giovannetti Marco at 0h08'03''
  9. Ruttimann Niki at 0h09'15''
  10. Munoz Pedro at 0h11'52'' Red card 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
  11. Vandi Alfio at 0h12'40''
  12. Paganessi Alessandro at 0h13'34''
  13. Colage Stefano at 0h15'21'' Red card 2021 : positive control
  14. Van Lancker Eric at 0h17'52''
  15. Worre Jesper at 0h18'37'' Yellow card 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  16. Van Der Velde Johann at 0h24'03'' Red card 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
  17. Wilson Michael at 0h26'22''
  18. Thurau Dietrich at 0h26'27'' Red card 1980 : absence to control ; 1980 : positive control ; 1980 : positive control and fraud (no penalty) ; 1980 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : in the act ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
  19. Cerin Primoz at 0h26'34''
  20. Contini Silvano at 0h27'41'' Red card 1987 : positive control
  21. Prim Tommy at 0h28'18''
  22. Kuiper Hennie at 0h29'08''
  23. Schepers Eddy at 0h32'48'' Yellow card 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
  24. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 0h34'24''
  25. Bulic Bruno at 0h35'32''
  26. Vanotti Ennio at 0h35'56''
  27. Veggerby Jens at 0h39'14'' Red card 1993 : positive control
  28. Conti Maurizio at 0h41'52''
  29. Ghirotto Massimo at 0h42'30''
  30. Cattaneo Rocco at 0h42'35''
  31. Beccia Mario at 0h43'48''
  32. Loro Luciano at 0h47'08''
  33. Salvador Ennio at 0h48'07''
  34. Savini Claudio at 0h49'10''
  35. Cassani Davide at 0h50'22''
  36. Vannucci Fabrizio at 0h51'25''
  37. Vitali Marco at 0h53'38''
  38. De Wolf Alfons at 0h54'53''
  39. Pochini Enrico at 0h56'36''
  40. Piccolo Renato at 0h56'58''
  41. Bugno Gianni at 1h01'19'' Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  42. Bertacco Tullio at 1h02'38''
  43. Giupponi Flavio at 1h03'50'' Red card 1988 : absence to control
  44. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn at 1h05'15''
  45. Bauer Steve at 1h10'13''
  46. Masciarelli Palmiro at 1h10'15''
  47. Earley Martin at 1h11'03''
  48. Ceruti Roberto at 1h15'12''
  49. Jourdan Christian at 1h17'15'' Red card 1980 : positive control
  50. Bernaudeau Jean-rené at 1h23'51'' Yellow card 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  51. Vigneron Alain at 1h24'17''
  52. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr at 1h27'17''
  53. Amadori Marino at 1h28'01''
  54. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h30'12'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  55. Zadrobilek Gerhard at 1h31'34''
  56. Rabottini Luciano at 1h32'31''
  57. Schmutz Gottfried at 1h34'09'' Red card 1983 : positive control
  58. Leali Bruno at 1h35'33'' Red card 2010 : police investigation
  59. Piva Valerio at 1h37'47''
  60. Santimaria Sergio at 1h38'11''
  61. Imboden Heinz at 1h39'49''
  62. Habets Jean at 1h41'14''
  63. Bizzoni Stefano at 1h41'40''
  64. Randi Romano at 1h42'34''
  65. Piasecki Lech at 1h42'45''
  66. Giuliani Stefano at 1h42'56''
  67. Nilsson Kjell at 1h43'07''
  68. Lang Czeslaw at 1h44'25''
  69. Moroni Ezio at 1h44'31''
  70. Lammerts Johan at 1h46'23''
  71. Breukink Erik at 1h48'39''
  72. Knickman Roy at 1h50'54''
  73. Rossi Maurizio at 1h52'13''
  74. Franceschini Marco at 1h55'39''
  75. Bincoletto Pierangelo at 1h56'17''
  76. Cesarini Francesco at 1h57'33''
  77. Festa Elio at 1h57'44''
  78. Stephens Neil at 1h59'46'' Yellow card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
  79. Van Vliet Teun at 2h03'12''
  80. Pagnin Roberto at 2h04'19''
  81. Petersen Steen-michael at 2h09'15''
  82. Serra Patrick at 2h12'40''
  83. Del Ben Daniele at 2h16'06''
  84. Petito Giuseppe at 2h16'28''
  85. Piovani Maurizio at 2h16'47''
  86. Polini Marino at 2h16'54''
  87. Noris Mario at 2h18'08''
  88. Cortinovis Tullio at 2h19'18''
  89. Patuelli Fabio at 2h20'42''
  90. Bordonali Fabio at 2h21'08''
  91. Zola Gianni at 2h23'30''
  92. Terront Fausto at 2h24'02''
  93. Van Houwelingen Adrie at 2h24'34''
  94. Longo Mauro at 2h25'29''
  95. Ricco Silvano at 2h27'01''
  96. Lubberding Henk at 2h27'08''
  97. Rominger Tony at 2h28'33'' Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  98. Garnier Frédéric at 2h30'17''
  99. Bontempi Guido at 2h30'51'' Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
  100. Piersanti Filippo at 2h31'41''
  101. Demierre Serge at 2h33'13''
  102. Gisiger Daniel at 2h33'30'' Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  103. Angelucci Mauro at 2h38'47''
  104. Faraca Giuseppe at 2h40'36''
  105. Mariuzzo Dario at 2h41'55''
  106. Gavazzi Pierino at 2h44'36'' Red card 2004 : judicial investigation
  107. Cipollini Cesare at 2h44'38''
  108. Renosto Giovanni at 2h44'41'' Red card 2008 : positive control
  109. Cavallaro Salvatore at 2h45'06''
  110. Maini Orlando at 2h47'12'' Red card 2000 : police investigation
  111. Jakobs Gert at 2h47'15'' Red card 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
  112. Tabai Marco at 2h48'12''
  113. Cavallo Domenico at 2h49'13''
  114. Abadie Henri at 2h49'14''
  115. Mantovani Giovanni at 2h49'56''
  116. Peiper Allan at 2h53'07'' Red card 1986 : absence to control ; 1985 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  117. Rosola Paolo at 2h54'06''
  118. Van Der Poel Jacques at 2h54'16''
  119. Eriksen Kim at 2h55'07''
  120. Grimani Enrico at 2h57'05''
  121. Montedori Giancarlo at 2h58'25''
  122. Ghiotto Federico at 2h59'10'' Red card 1990 : positive control ; 1993 : positive control
  123. Bottoia Giovanni at 2h59'27''
  124. Vanderaerden Eric at 3h01'26''
  125. Van Poppel Jean-paul at 3h04'20''
  126. Freuler Urs at 3h05'11'' Red card 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
  127. Gaggioli Roberto at 3h05'35''
  128. Chesini Flavio at 3h06'47''
  129. De Keulenaer Ludo at 3h07'12'' Red card 1992 : fraud & confessions
  130. Verhoeven Nico at 3h09'08''
  131. Bruggmann Jurg at 3h10'24''
  132. Allocchio Stefano at 3h11'49''
  133. Milani Silvestro at 3h14'32''
  134. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 3h15'44'' Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  135. Naldi Juri at 3h20'37''
  136. Hoste Frank at 3h20'49''
  137. Gambirasio Patrizio at 3h29'05''
  138. Montella Giuseppe at 3h29'15''
  139. Zanatta Stefano at 3h38'26''
  140. Morandi Dante at 3h39'30''
  141. Baffi Adriano at 3h41'00''
  142. Delle Case Walter at 3h51'12''
  143. Asti Daniele at 3h55'33''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Lemond Greg
  2. Corti Claudio
  3. Chioccioli Franco
  4. Giovannetti Marco
  5. Ruttimann Niki
  6. Vandi Alfio
  7. Paganessi Alessandro
  8. Van Lancker Eric
  9. Wilson Michael
  10. Cerin Primoz
  11. Prim Tommy
  12. Kuiper Hennie
  13. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  14. Bulic Bruno
  15. Vanotti Ennio
  16. Conti Maurizio
  17. Ghirotto Massimo
  18. Cattaneo Rocco
  19. Beccia Mario
  20. Loro Luciano
  21. Salvador Ennio
  22. Savini Claudio
  23. Cassani Davide
  24. Vannucci Fabrizio
  25. Vitali Marco
  26. De Wolf Alfons
  27. Pochini Enrico
  28. Piccolo Renato
  29. Bertacco Tullio
  30. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
  31. Bauer Steve
  32. Masciarelli Palmiro
  33. Earley Martin
  34. Ceruti Roberto
  35. Vigneron Alain
  36. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr
  37. Amadori Marino
  38. Zadrobilek Gerhard
  39. Rabottini Luciano
  40. Piva Valerio
  41. Santimaria Sergio
  42. Imboden Heinz
  43. Habets Jean
  44. Bizzoni Stefano
  45. Randi Romano
  46. Piasecki Lech
  47. Giuliani Stefano
  48. Nilsson Kjell
  49. Lang Czeslaw
  50. Moroni Ezio
  51. Lammerts Johan
  52. Breukink Erik
  53. Knickman Roy
  54. Rossi Maurizio
  55. Franceschini Marco
  56. Bincoletto Pierangelo
  57. Cesarini Francesco
  58. Festa Elio
  59. Van Vliet Teun
  60. Pagnin Roberto
  61. Petersen Steen-michael
  62. Serra Patrick
  63. Del Ben Daniele
  64. Petito Giuseppe
  65. Piovani Maurizio
  66. Polini Marino
  67. Noris Mario
  68. Cortinovis Tullio
  69. Patuelli Fabio
  70. Bordonali Fabio
  71. Zola Gianni
  72. Terront Fausto
  73. Van Houwelingen Adrie
  74. Longo Mauro
  75. Ricco Silvano
  76. Lubberding Henk
  77. Garnier Frédéric
  78. Piersanti Filippo
  79. Demierre Serge
  80. Angelucci Mauro
  81. Faraca Giuseppe
  82. Mariuzzo Dario
  83. Cipollini Cesare
  84. Cavallaro Salvatore
  85. Tabai Marco
  86. Cavallo Domenico
  87. Abadie Henri
  88. Mantovani Giovanni
  89. Rosola Paolo
  90. Van Der Poel Jacques
  91. Eriksen Kim
  92. Grimani Enrico
  93. Montedori Giancarlo
  94. Bottoia Giovanni
  95. Vanderaerden Eric
  96. Van Poppel Jean-paul
  97. Gaggioli Roberto
  98. Chesini Flavio
  99. Verhoeven Nico
  100. Bruggmann Jurg
  101. Allocchio Stefano
  102. Milani Silvestro
  103. Naldi Juri
  104. Hoste Frank
  105. Gambirasio Patrizio
  106. Montella Giuseppe
  107. Zanatta Stefano
  108. Morandi Dante
  109. Baffi Adriano
  110. Delle Case Walter
  111. Asti Daniele


List of doping cases during the race

Rider Product Race Year Sanction Control
Bernaudeau Jean-René Tour d'Italie 1986 NSP* Constat de carence

* Sanction not known


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Atala

25 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,4 per year

1. Bugno Gianni Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
2. Cavallaro Salvatore
3. Christiansson Per
4. Freuler Urs Red card 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
5. Gavazzi Pierino Red card 2004 : judicial investigation
6. Morandi Dante
7. Moroni Ezio
8. Noris Mario
9. Ravasio Emilio

Ecoflam

11. Amadori Marino
12. Caroli Daniele
13. Chioccioli Franco
14. Gaggioli Roberto
15. Maini Orlando Red card 2000 : police investigation
16. Piersanti Filippo
17. Randi Romano
18. Rossi Maurizio
19. Wilson Michael

Carrera

21 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,52 per year

21. Roche Stephen Red card 1993 : police investigation
22. Visentini Roberto Red card 1988 : absence to control
23. Bontempi Guido Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
24. Leali Bruno Red card 2010 : police investigation
25. Cassani Davide
26. Schepers Eddy Yellow card 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
27. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
28. Bordonali Fabio
29. Ghirotto Massimo

Ariostea

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

31. Cavallo Domenico
32. Ghibaudo Piero
33. Nilsson Kjell
34. Pedersen Dag-erik
35. Rota Luca
36. Santimaria Sergio
37. Serra Patrick
38. Vandelli Maurizio
39. Vandi Alfio

Del Tongo

10 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,3 per year

41. Saronni Giuseppe Yellow card 1983 : disciplinary investigation (no penalty)
42. Giupponi Flavio Red card 1988 : absence to control
43. Cesarini Francesco
44. Piasecki Lech
45. Piovani Maurizio
46. Loro Luciano
47. Lang Czeslaw
48. Ceruti Roberto
49. Milani Silvestro

Dromedario

51. Ricco Silvano
52. Colage Stefano Red card 2021 : positive control
53. Franceschini Marco
54. Pochini Enrico
55. Vandelli Claudio
56. Montella Giuseppe
57. Montedori Giancarlo
58. Terront Fausto
59. Faraca Giuseppe

Fagor

5 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,6 per year

61. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso
62. Bohorquez Ortega Argemiro
63. Munoz Pedro Red card 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
64. Hoste Frank
65. Bernaudeau Jean-rené Yellow card 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
66. Verschuere Pol
67. Chaubet Christian
68. Abadie Henri
69. Earley Martin

Cilo

9 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,22 per year

71. Schmutz Gottfried Red card 1983 : positive control
72. Grezet Jean-marie
73. Imboden Heinz
74. Cattaneo Rocco
75. Demierre Serge
76. Rominger Tony Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
77. Gisiger Daniel Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
78. Bruggmann Jurg
79. Vitali Marco

Gis

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

81. Baffi Adriano
82. Contini Silvano Red card 1987 : positive control
83. Giovannetti Marco
84. Masciarelli Palmiro
85. Petito Giuseppe
86. Pozzi Alessandro 1
87. Polini Marino
88. Salvador Ennio
89. Vanotti Ennio

La Vie Claire

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

91. Lemond Greg
92. Bauer Steve
93. Bérard Charly Red card 1978 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control
94. Eriksen Kim
95. Garnier Frédéric
96. Knickman Roy
97. Ruttimann Niki
98. Vigneron Alain
99. Jourdan Christian Red card 1980 : positive control

Magniflex

101. Asti Daniele
102. Bulic Bruno
103. Cenghialta Bruno Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
104. Chesini Flavio
105. Cipollini Cesare
106. Galleschi Enrico
107. Giannelli Alessandro
108. Grimani Enrico
109. Santaromita Mauro-antonio Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)

Malvor

16 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,13 per year

111. Allocchio Stefano
112. Beccia Mario
113. Bincoletto Pierangelo
114. Longo Mauro
115. Pagnin Roberto
116. Piccolo Renato
117. Zanatta Stefano
118. Cerin Primoz
119. Da Silva Acacio Red card 1984 : positive control

Murella

6 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,17 per year

121. Bizzoni Stefano
122. Braun Gregor Yellow card 1977 : absence to control (sanction not known)
123. Del Ben Daniele
124. Delle Case Walter
125. Franzoni Giuseppe
126. Gradi Raniero
127. Patuelli Fabio
128. Sorensen Rolf Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
129. Tabai Marco

Panasonic

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

131. Breukink Erik
132. De Keulenaer Ludo Red card 1992 : fraud & confessions
133. Van Lancker Eric
134. Lubberding Henk
135. Peiper Allan Red card 1986 : absence to control ; 1985 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
136. Giesberts Ludo Red card 1988 : positive control ; 2006 : judicial investigation
137. Vanderaerden Eric
138. Van Der Velde Johann Red card 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
139. Van Vliet Teun

Sammontana

141. Bertacco Tullio
142. Cortinovis Tullio
143. Mariuzzo Dario
144. Paganessi Alessandro
145. Piva Valerio
146. Prim Tommy
147. Renosto Giovanni Red card 2008 : positive control
148. Rosola Paolo
149. Volpi Alberto Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)

Santini

151. Worre Jesper Yellow card 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
152. Petersen Steen-michael
153. Stephens Neil Yellow card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
154. Conti Maurizio
155. Festa Elio
156. Vannucci Fabrizio
157. Patellaro Benedetto
158. Gambirasio Patrizio
159. Angelucci Mauro

Skala

161. Kuiper Hennie
162. De Wolf Alfons
163. Van Poppel Jean-paul
164. Verhoeven Nico
165. Van Houwelingen Adrie
166. Jakobs Gert Red card 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
167. Habets Jean
168. Van Der Poel Jacques
169. Van Meer Jacques

Brianzoli

18 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,56 per year

171. Moser Francesco Yellow card 1984 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 198x : confessions (sanction not known)
172. Baronchelli Gianbattista
173. Corti Claudio
174. Thurau Dietrich Red card 1980 : absence to control ; 1980 : positive control ; 1980 : positive control and fraud (no penalty) ; 1980 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1986 : in the act ; 1987 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1988 (no penalty)
175. Zadrobilek Gerhard
176. Bottoia Giovanni
177. Bevilacqua Antonio Jr
178. Giuliani Stefano
179. Zola Gianni

Vini Ricordi

181. Bombini Emanuele Red card 2000 : police investigation
182. Ghiotto Federico Red card 1990 : positive control ; 1993 : positive control
183. Lammerts Johan
184. Magrini Riccardo
185. Mantovani Giovanni
186. Naldi Juri
187. Rabottini Luciano
188. Savini Claudio
189. Veggerby Jens Red card 1993 : positive control

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also