Giro d'Italia 1994 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Banesto 9 2 1 1 1 1
Amore & Vita 9 5 0 0 0 0
Brescialat 9 2 0 0 0 0
Carrera 9 2 2 2 1 1
Castorama 9 5 1 1 0 0
GB-MG 9 4 0 0 0 0
Gewiss 9 7 1 1 1 1
Jolly 9 3 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 4 0 0 0 0
Lampre 9 4 1 1 0 0
Mapei 9 2 0 0 0 0
Mercatone Uno 9 4 0 0 0 0
Motorola 9 1 1 0 0 0
Navigare 9 4 1 1 0 0
Polti 9 6 1 1 0 0
Telekom 9 6 0 0 0 0
ZG Mobili 9 4 1 0 0 0
Total 153 65 10 8 3 3
Pourcentage 42,48% 80% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (11/11/2010)

  1. Berzin Evgueni in 100h41'21'' - 2000 : blood test
  2. Pantani Marco at 02'51'' - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
  3. Indurain Miguel at 03'23'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  4. Tonkov Pavel at 11'16'' - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
  5. Chiappucci Claudio at 11'58'' - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
  6. Rodriguez Nelson at 13'17''
  7. Podenzana Massimo at 14'35'' - 1986 : positive control
  8. Bugno Gianni at 15'26'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  9. De Las Cuevas Armand at 15'35'' - 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
  10. Hampsten Andrew at 17'21''
  11. Pulnikov Vladimir at 18'02''
  12. Belli Wladimir at 19'36''
  13. Totschnig Georg at 20'04'' - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  14. Argentin Moreno at 27'47''
  15. Richard Pascal at 28'38''
  16. Gotti Ivan at 28'59'' - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
  17. Giupponi Flavio at 29'39'' - 1988 : absence to control
  18. Bolts Udo at 30'23'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  19. Conti Roberto at 33'41'' - 2002 : in the act
  20. Rebellin Davide at 34'46'' - 2008 : positive control
  21. Ouchakov Sergueï at 37'41'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  22. Casagrande Francesco at 45'32'' - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
  23. Vona Franco at 45'38''
  24. Ugrumov Piotr at 49'26'' - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  25. Pellicioli Oscar at 52'13''
  26. Zaina Enrico at 52'32''
  27. Madouas Laurent at 59'19'' - 1994 : positive control
  28. Ferrigato Andrea at 1h03'26''
  29. Coppolillo Michele at 1h06'35''
  30. Sorensen Rolf at 1h08'17'' - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  31. Faresin Gianni at 1h11'12'' - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  32. Guerini Giuseppe at 1h11'27''
  33. Munoz Federico at 1h12'44'' - 2004 : positive control
  34. Rue Gérard at 1h14'25''
  35. Volpi Alberto at 1h17'04'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
  36. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h19'42'' - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  37. Massi Rodolfo at 1h20'59'' - 1998 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  38. Triana Augusto at 1h21'02''
  39. Mejia Alvaro at 1h25'08'' - 1987 : positive control
  40. Davy Thomas at 1h25'33'' - 1995 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1997 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known)
  41. Ghirotto Massimo at 1h27'43''
  42. Robin Jean-cyril at 1h32'13'' - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  43. Bartoli Michele at 1h33'11'' - 2006 : police investigation (no penalty)
  44. Abdoujaparov Djamolidineh - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
  45. Chiurato Andrea at 1h34'55''
  46. Chioccioli Franco at 1h42'02''
  47. Leali Bruno at 1h42'26'' - 2010 : police investigation
  48. Zanini Stefano at 1h53'03'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  49. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis at 2h00'41'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  50. Indurain Prudencio at 2h02'33''
  51. Bortolami Gianluca at 2h03'31'' - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
  52. Uriarte José-ramon at 2h05'07''
  53. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 2h05'09'' - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  54. Ortegon Luque Julio-cesar at 2h06'42''
  55. Brochard Laurent at 2h08'52'' - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  56. Roscioli Fabio at 2h12'37''
  57. Perini Giancarlo at 2h15'20'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  58. Heppner Jens at 2h15'43'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  59. Chiesa Mario at 2h17'19''
  60. Vanzella Flavio at 2h18'16'' - 1986 : positive control
  61. Fornaciari Paolo at 2h19'35''
  62. Puttini Felice at 2h20'51''
  63. Sierra Leonardo at 2h24'02''
  64. Saligari Marco at 2h24'57''
  65. Heulot Stéphane at 2h27'18''
  66. Spruch Zbigniew at 2h30'14''
  67. Crespo Zulet Santiago at 2h30'27''
  68. Fontanelli Fabiano at 2h32'04'' - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
  69. Bontempi Guido at 2h35'21'' - 1987 : positive control
  70. Riis Bjarne at 2h36'38'' - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
  71. Mora Zarate Nestor at 2h38'45''
  72. Nino Corredor Libardo at 2h39'50'' - 1997 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2007 : positive control ; 2010 : positive control
  73. Sypytkowski Andrzej at 2h43'58''
  74. Fidanza Giovanni at 2h46'50''
  75. Molinari Maurizio at 2h47'37''
  76. Checchin Stefano at 2h47'38''
  77. Forconi Riccardo at 2h47'53'' - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
  78. Teteriouk Andrei at 2h49'31''
  79. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 2h51'24'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  80. Bramati Davide at 2h51'26''
  81. Dernies Michel at 2h55'21''
  82. Gorini Gianluca at 2h55'34''
  83. Nicoletti Dario at 2h58'47''
  84. Larsen Steven at 3h00'48''
  85. Scirea Mario at 3h01'44'' - 2004 : in the act
  86. Scinto Luca at 3h02'41''
  87. Nijboer Erwin at 3h02'47''
  88. Pillon Laurent at 3h04'36''
  89. Piccoli Mariano at 3h07'32'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  90. Dotti Fausto at 3h12'36''
  91. Lombardi Giovanni at 3h15'41'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  92. Tebaldi Valerio at 3h16'43''
  93. Krieger Dominik at 3h21'09''
  94. Foucachon Renéh - 1987 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions ; 1997 : judicial investigation
  95. Smith Brian at 3h22'35''
  96. Borgheresi Simone at 3h22'42'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  97. Pagnin Roberto at 3h31'38''
  98. Poli Eros at 3h34'04'' - 1986 : positive control
  99. Werner Jurgen at 3h35'05''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Rodriguez Nelson
  2. Hampsten Andrew
  3. Pulnikov Vladimir
  4. Belli Wladimir
  5. Argentin Moreno
  6. Richard Pascal
  7. Vona Franco
  8. Pellicioli Oscar
  9. Zaina Enrico
  10. Ferrigato Andrea
  11. Coppolillo Michele
  12. Guerini Giuseppe
  13. Rue Gérard
  14. Triana Augusto
  15. Ghirotto Massimo
  16. Chiurato Andrea
  17. Chioccioli Franco
  18. Indurain Prudencio
  19. Uriarte José-ramon
  20. Ortegon Luque Julio-cesar
  21. Roscioli Fabio
  22. Chiesa Mario
  23. Fornaciari Paolo
  24. Puttini Felice
  25. Sierra Leonardo
  26. Saligari Marco
  27. Heulot Stéphane
  28. Spruch Zbigniew
  29. Crespo Zulet Santiago
  30. Mora Zarate Nestor
  31. Sypytkowski Andrzej
  32. Fidanza Giovanni
  33. Molinari Maurizio
  34. Checchin Stefano
  35. Teteriouk Andrei
  36. Bramati Davide
  37. Dernies Michel
  38. Gorini Gianluca
  39. Nicoletti Dario
  40. Larsen Steven
  41. Scinto Luca
  42. Nijboer Erwin
  43. Pillon Laurent
  44. Dotti Fausto
  45. Tebaldi Valerio
  46. Krieger Dominik
  47. Smith Brian
  48. Pagnin Roberto
  49. Werner Jurgen



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Banesto

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

1. Indurain Miguel - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
2. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
3. Crespo Zulet Santiago
4. Heulot Stéphane
5. Indurain Prudencio
6. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
7. Rue Gérard
8. Uriarte José-ramon
9. Nijboer Erwin

Amore & Vita

31 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,29 per year

11. Forconi Riccardo - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
12. Borgheresi Simone - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
13. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
14. Pierobon Gianluca
15. Di Basco Alessio - 1992 : positive control
16. Massi Rodolfo - 1998 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
17. Bonca Walter
18. Molinari Maurizio
19. Fanelli Antonio

Brescialat

21. Giupponi Flavio - 1988 : absence to control
22. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
23. Bordonali Fabio
24. Gelfi Luca
25. Roscioli Fabio
26. Vanderaerden Eric
27. Pelliconi Roberto
28. Puttini Felice
29. Imboden Heinz

Carrera

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

31. Chiappucci Claudio - 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test (no penalty)
32. Pulnikov Vladimir
33. Sierra Leonardo
34. Pantani Marco - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
35. Chiesa Mario
36. Schiavina Samuele
37. Checchin Stefano
38. Artunghi Marco
39. Rossi Remo

Castorama

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

41. De Las Cuevas Armand - 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
42. Bourguignon Thierry
43. Brochard Laurent - 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
44. Davy Thomas - 1995 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1997 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known)
45. Jeker Fabian
46. Madouas Laurent - 1994 : positive control
47. Marie Thierry
48. Robin Jean-cyril - 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
49. Trumheller Henrich

GB-MG

7 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,43 per year

51. Baldato Fabio
52. Rebellin Davide - 2008 : positive control
53. Richard Pascal
54. Saligari Marco
55. Sciandri Maximilian - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
56. Scinto Luca
57. Sorensen Rolf - 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
58. Vanzella Flavio - 1986 : positive control
59. Vona Franco

Gewiss

5 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,8 per year

61. Furlan Giorgio - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
62. Argentin Moreno
63. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
64. Berzin Evgueni - 2000 : blood test
65. Volpi Alberto - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
66. Ugrumov Piotr - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
67. Riis Bjarne - 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : confessions in 2007 ; 1998 : confessions in 2010 (no penalty)
68. Cenghialta Bruno - 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
69. Zaina Enrico

Jolly

71. Jaskula Zenon - 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
72. Konyshev Dimitri
73. Leoni Endrio - 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
74. Foucachon René - 1987 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions ; 1997 : judicial investigation
75. Pillon Laurent
76. Rezze Dante
77. Zanatta Stefano
78. Dotti Fausto
79. Gorini Gianluca

Kelme

36 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,72 per year

81. Cubino Laudelino - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
82. Triana Augusto
83. Munoz Federico - 2004 : positive control
84. Sypytkowski Andrzej
85. Mora Zarate Nestor
86. Nino Corredor Libardo - 1997 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2007 : positive control ; 2010 : positive control
87. Vidal Jose-angel
88. Ortegon Luque Julio-cesar
89. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control

Lampre

91. Tonkov Pavel - 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
92. Belli Wladimir
93. Bramati Davide
94. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
95. Faresin Gianni - 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
96. Gualdi Mirko
97. Lombardi Giovanni - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
98. Spruch Zbigniew
99. Svorada Jan

Mapei

27 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 0,93 per year

101. Ballerini Franco - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
102. Bortolami Gianluca - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
103. Chiurato Andrea
104. Della Santa Stefano
105. Giovannetti Marco
106. Nicoletti Dario
107. Noe Andrea
108. Tebaldi Valerio
109. Teteriouk Andrei

Mercatone Uno

111. Bartoli Michele - 2006 : police investigation (no penalty)
112. Casagrande Francesco - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
113. Chioccioli Franco
114. Baffi Adriano
115. Fornaciari Paolo
116. Poli Eros - 1986 : positive control
117. Lelli Massimiliano
118. Piccoli Mariano - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
119. Martinello Silvio

Motorola

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

121. Alcala Gallegos Raul
122. Dernies Michel
123. Hampsten Andrew
124. Larsen Steven
125. Rampolo Gabriele
126. Mejia Alvaro - 1987 : positive control
127. Schur Jan
128. Smith Brian
129. Stenersen Bjorn

Navigare

131. Coppolillo Michele
132. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control
133. Zanini Stefano - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
134. Settembrini Fabrizio - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
135. Pagnin Roberto
136. Guerini Giuseppe
137. Lom Lubos
138. Strazzer Massimo - 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
139. Citracca Angelo

Polti

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

141. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
142. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
143. Fidanza Giovanni
144. Gotti Ivan - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
145. Ouchakov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
146. Pellicioli Oscar
147. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
148. Totschnig Georg - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
149. Zdhanov Dimitri

Telekom

23 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 1,35 per year

151. Bolts Udo - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
152. Heppner Jens - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
153. Henn Christian - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
154. Krieger Dominik
155. Kummer Mario - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
156. Raab Uwe - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
157. Van Orsouw Marc - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
158. Werner Jurgen
159. Wesemann Steffen

ZG Mobili

161. Casartelli Fabio
162. Ferrigato Andrea
163. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
164. Ghirotto Massimo
165. Montana Raul - 1997 : positive control (sanction not known)
166. Perini Giancarlo - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
167. Redant Hendrik
168. Rodriguez Nelson
169. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)



See also