Tour of Spain 1993 : the real numbers of doping

Français


Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Clas 10 2 2 1 1 1
Amaya 10 1 4 1 1 1
Banesto 10 4 1 1 0 0
Lotus 10 1 0 0 0 0
Lampre 10 4 0 0 0 0
Mercatone Uno 10 2 0 0 0 0
Artiach 10 1 0 0 0 0
Deportpublic 10 1 0 0 0 0
Kelme 10 3 0 0 0 0
ONCE 10 5 3 2 1 1
Collstrop 9 2 0 0 0 0
Eldor 10 0 0 0 0 0
Glacial 10 1 0 0 0 0
Navigare 10 5 0 0 0 0
Sicasal 10 0 0 0 0 0
TVM 10 4 0 0 0 0
Varta 10 0 0 0 0 0
Total 169 36 10 5 3 3
Pourcentage 21,3% 50% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (16/10/2010)

  1. Rominger Tony in 96h07'03'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  2. Zülle Alex at 00'29'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  3. Cubino Laudelino at 08'54'' - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  4. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro at 09'25''
  5. Montoya Alarcon Jesus at 10'27''
  6. Delgado Pedro at 11'17'' - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
  7. Breukink Erik at 17'18''
  8. Mauri Melchior at 19'53''
  9. Bruyneel Johan at 20'01'' - 199x : judicial investigation
  10. Escartin Fernando at 23'27''
  11. Gaston Crespi Inaki at 27'45''
  12. Zarrabeitia Mikel at 28'25''
  13. Buenahora Hernan at 31'24'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  14. Gelfi Luca at 34'44''
  15. Millar Robert at 34'52'' - 1992 : positive control
  16. Murguialday Javier at 34'59''
  17. Uriarte José-ramon at 37'05''
  18. Unzaga Bombin Jon at 37'11''
  19. Meinert-nielsen Peter at 39'16'' - 1993 : positive control
  20. Mauleon Javier at 41'06''
  21. Alonso Marino at 41'47''
  22. Chozas Eduardo at 41'56''
  23. Gonzales Arsenio at 43'16''
  24. Echave Musatadi Federico at 43'37'' - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
  25. Blanco Villar Jesus at 47'06''
  26. De Vries Gerrit at 47'46''
  27. Perez Garcia Luis at 48'34''
  28. Vieira De Araujo Serafim at 57'36''
  29. Gorospe Julian at 57'39'' - 1984 : positive control
  30. Garcia Melia Federico at 59'18''
  31. De Santos Arribas José-luis at 1h03'59''
  32. Gainetdinov Rames at 1h04'23''
  33. Mora Zarate Nestor at 1h05'36''
  34. Aparicio Vicente at 1h05'41''
  35. Jalabert Laurent at 1h13'05'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  36. Klimov Viktor at 1h14'24''
  37. Dufaux Laurent at 1h19'36'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
  38. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel at 1h19'53''
  39. Zaina Enrico at 1h21'19''
  40. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin at 1h24'00'' - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
  41. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel at 1h24'13''
  42. Martinez Guttierez Juan-thomas at 1h25'36''
  43. Hernandez Calvo Santos at 1h25'39''
  44. Rodriguez Hernand. Fabio at 1h26'15''
  45. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo at 1h27'43''
  46. Spruch Zbigniew at 1h30'25''
  47. Sierra Roberto at 1h31'19''
  48. Lauritzen Dag-otto at 1h32'10''
  49. Quevedo Salazar Fernando at 1h33'14''
  50. Ouchakov Sergueï at 1h34'22'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  51. Leali Bruno at 1h35'02'' - 2010 : police investigation
  52. Politano Antonio at 1h37'54''
  53. Cordes Tom at 1h40'39''
  54. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 1h44'27''
  55. Sampaio Campos Joaquim Alberto at 1h47'53''
  56. Miranda Carmelo at 1h51'50''
  57. Tonetti Gianluca at 1h53'53''
  58. Pelliconi Roberto at 1h55'43''
  59. Saitov Asiate at 1h57'58''
  60. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon at 1h58'04''
  61. Santamaria Gonzales Jose-luis at 1h59'08''
  62. Cunha Tavares Manuel-antonio at 2h01'56''
  63. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine at 2h04'13'' - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
  64. Da Silva Acacio at 2h04'34'' - 1984 : positive control
  65. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio at 2h04'58''
  66. Leanizbarrutia Alberto at 2h05'15''
  67. Rodriguez Garcia José at 2h06'33''
  68. Noe Andrea at 2h06'42''
  69. Irusta Sampedro Alfredoo at 2h09'19''
  70. Lietti Marco at 2h09'48''
  71. Den Bakker Maarten at 2h10'56''
  72. Lezaun-zubiria Roberto at 2h12'03''
  73. Edo Angel at 2h12'21'' - 1998 : blood test
  74. Podenzana Massimo at 2h14'11'' - 1986 : positive control
  75. Espinosa Sampere Francisco at 2h14'14''
  76. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio at 2h14'27''
  77. Bordonali Fabio at 2h14'42''
  78. Galarreta Lazaro Carlos at 2h19'29''
  79. Torres Roberto at 2h19'39''
  80. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel at 2h20'29''
  81. Vidal Jose-angel at 2h22'03''
  82. Rjaksinski Victor at 2h22'44''
  83. Szerszynski Marek at 2h26'44''
  84. Pinero Gallego Fernando at 2h28'06''
  85. Hodge Stephen at 2h28'32'' - 1991 : confessions in 2012
  86. Sanchez Garcia Antonio at 2h28'45''
  87. Blanco Costa Argimiro at 2h29'12''
  88. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria at 2h29'41''
  89. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso at 2h30'00''
  90. Baffi Adriano at 2h30'10''
  91. Zanini Stefano at 2h31'16'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  92. Voskamp Bertus at 2h32'19'' - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
  93. Pascual Soler Manuel at 2h32'21''
  94. Bramati Davide at 2h36'19''
  95. In't Ven Danny at 2h37'53''
  96. Bontempi Fabrizio at 2h39'08''
  97. Redant Hendrik at 2h39'17''
  98. Settembrini Fabrizio at 2h41'45'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  99. Nicoletti Dario at 2h41'48''
  100. Goessens Jan at 2h42'14''
  101. Willems Willy at 2h43'36''
  102. Dauwe Johnny at 2h44'11'' - 1990 : positive control
  103. Hoffman Tristan at 2h44'21''
  104. Teteriouk Andrei at 2h46'18''
  105. Verbeken Peter at 2h47'00''
  106. Garcia Camacho Ignacio at 2h47'43''
  107. Talen John at 2h48'19''
  108. Consonni Mauro at 2h48'53''
  109. Marie Thierry at 2h52'17''
  110. Van Poppel Jean-paul at 2h55'00''
  111. Nijboer Erwin at 2h56'58''
  112. Jakobs Gert at 3h10'19'' - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
  113. Evenepoel Patrick at 3h14'51''
  114. Espinosa Jose-antonio at 3h51'21'' - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
  2. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
  3. Breukink Erik
  4. Mauri Melchior
  5. Escartin Fernando
  6. Gaston Crespi Inaki
  7. Zarrabeitia Mikel
  8. Gelfi Luca
  9. Murguialday Javier
  10. Uriarte José-ramon
  11. Unzaga Bombin Jon
  12. Mauleon Javier
  13. Alonso Marino
  14. Chozas Eduardo
  15. Gonzales Arsenio
  16. Blanco Villar Jesus
  17. De Vries Gerrit
  18. Perez Garcia Luis
  19. Vieira De Araujo Serafim
  20. Garcia Melia Federico
  21. De Santos Arribas José-luis
  22. Gainetdinov Rames
  23. Mora Zarate Nestor
  24. Aparicio Vicente
  25. Klimov Viktor
  26. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel
  27. Zaina Enrico
  28. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel
  29. Martinez Guttierez Juan-thomas
  30. Hernandez Calvo Santos
  31. Rodriguez Hernand. Fabio
  32. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
  33. Spruch Zbigniew
  34. Sierra Roberto
  35. Lauritzen Dag-otto
  36. Quevedo Salazar Fernando
  37. Politano Antonio
  38. Cordes Tom
  39. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  40. Sampaio Campos Joaquim Alberto
  41. Miranda Carmelo
  42. Tonetti Gianluca
  43. Pelliconi Roberto
  44. Saitov Asiate
  45. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon
  46. Santamaria Gonzales Jose-luis
  47. Cunha Tavares Manuel-antonio
  48. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio
  49. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
  50. Rodriguez Garcia José
  51. Noe Andrea
  52. Irusta Sampedro Alfredoo
  53. Lietti Marco
  54. Den Bakker Maarten
  55. Lezaun-zubiria Roberto
  56. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
  57. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
  58. Bordonali Fabio
  59. Galarreta Lazaro Carlos
  60. Torres Roberto
  61. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
  62. Vidal Jose-angel
  63. Rjaksinski Victor
  64. Szerszynski Marek
  65. Pinero Gallego Fernando
  66. Sanchez Garcia Antonio
  67. Blanco Costa Argimiro
  68. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
  69. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
  70. Baffi Adriano
  71. Pascual Soler Manuel
  72. Bramati Davide
  73. In't Ven Danny
  74. Bontempi Fabrizio
  75. Redant Hendrik
  76. Nicoletti Dario
  77. Goessens Jan
  78. Willems Willy
  79. Hoffman Tristan
  80. Teteriouk Andrei
  81. Verbeken Peter
  82. Garcia Camacho Ignacio
  83. Talen John
  84. Consonni Mauro
  85. Marie Thierry
  86. Van Poppel Jean-paul
  87. Nijboer Erwin
  88. Evenepoel Patrick



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Clas

1. Rominger Tony - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
2. Echave Musatadi Federico - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
3. Escartin Fernando
4. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
5. Gaston Crespi Inaki
6. Gonzales Arsenio
7. Mauleon Javier
8. Rodriguez Hernand. Fabio
9. Sierra Roberto
10. Unzaga Bombin Jon

Amaya

15 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,67 per year

11. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
12. Mauri Melchior
13. Cubino Laudelino - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
14. Murguialday Javier
15. Cordes Tom
16. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
17. Sanchez Garcia Antonio
18. Quevedo Salazar Fernando
19. Aparicio Vicente
20. Zarrabeitia Mikel

Banesto

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

21. Delgado Pedro - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
22. Alonso Marino
23. Bernard Jean-françois
24. De Las Cuevas Armand - 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
25. De Santos Arribas José-luis
26. Garmendia Aitor - 1998 : blood test
27. Gorospe Julian - 1984 : positive control
28. Lezaun-zubiria Roberto
29. Santamaria Gonzales Jose-luis
30. Uriarte José-ramon

Lotus

31. Van Poppel Jean-paul
32. Marie Thierry
33. Jakobs Gert - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
34. Torres Roberto
35. Perez Garcia Luis
36. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon
37. Gainetdinov Rames
38. Maier Harald
39. Pinero Gallego Fernando
40. Earley Martin

Lampre

41. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
42. Lietti Marco
43. Da Silva Acacio - 1984 : positive control
44. Spruch Zbigniew
45. Bramati Davide
46. Ouchakov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
47. Szerszynski Marek
48. Cortinovis Stefano
49. Gualdi Mirko
50. Lombardi Giovanni - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)

Mercatone Uno

51. Giupponi Flavio - 1988 : absence to control
52. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
53. Bordonali Fabio
54. Baffi Adriano
55. Pierdomenico Germano
56. Pelliconi Roberto
57. Donati Massimo
58. Lecchi Angelo
59. Politano Antonio
60. Zaina Enrico

Artiach

61. Chozas Eduardo
62. Camargo Alberto
63. Espinosa Sepulv. Luis-edgar
64. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
65. Gonzales De Galdeano Alvaro - 2000 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
66. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
67. Miranda Carmelo
68. Nijboer Erwin
69. Pascual Soler Manuel
70. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio

Deportpublic

24 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,25 per year

71. Blanco Villar Jesus
72. Galarreta Lazaro Carlos
73. Rjaksinski Victor
74. Klimov Viktor
75. Rodriguez Garcia José
76. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio
77. Irusta Sampedro Alfredoo
78. Garcia Melia Federico
79. Espinosa Jose-antonio - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
80. Ivanov Ivan

Kelme

81. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
82. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
83. Edo Angel - 1998 : blood test
84. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
85. Garcia Camacho Ignacio
86. Saitov Asiate
87. Vidal Jose-angel
88. Camargo Angel
89. Mora Zarate Nestor
90. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel

ONCE

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

91. Breukink Erik
92. Bruyneel Johan - 199x : judicial investigation
93. Diaz Zabala Herminio
94. Dufaux Laurent - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
95. Hodge Stephen - 1991 : confessions in 2012
96. Jalabert Laurent - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
97. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
98. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel
99. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
100. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)

Collstrop

101. Redant Hendrik
102. Bouillon Marc - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
103. Dauwe Johnny - 1990 : positive control
104. De Muynck Klaus
105. Evenepoel Patrick
106. Goessens Jan
107. In't Ven Danny
108. Verbeken Peter
109. Willems Willy

Eldor

111. Giovannetti Marco
112. Hernandez Calvo Santos
113. Gonzalez Salvador Juan-carlos
114. Bontempi Fabrizio
115. Consonni Mauro
116. Gelfi Luca
117. Nicoletti Dario
118. Noe Andrea
119. Teteriouk Andrei
120. Tonetti Gianluca

Glacial

121. Moreno Guerrero José-fabio
122. Beltran Perez Ruben-dario
123. Cuspoca Demetrio
124. Gonzalez Gallego Luis-alberto
125. Moreno Guerrero Armando
126. Ochoa Israël - 1997 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2006 : positive control
127. Sierra Pena Alvaro
128. Rangel Melo Julio-cesar
129. Sanabria Acevedo Angel-miguel
130. Amador Abril Jose-santiago

Navigare

131. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control
132. Coppolillo Michele
133. Zanini Stefano - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
134. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
135. Pagnin Roberto
136. Guerini Giuseppe
137. Lom Lubos
138. Castignola Walter
139. Davidenko Vassili - 2001 : positive control
140. Settembrini Fabrizio - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)

Sicasal

141. Martinez Guttierez Juan-thomas
142. Blanco Costa Argimiro
143. Cunha Tavares Manuel-antonio
144. Pinto De Castro Antonio Joachim
145. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues
146. Silva Rodrigues Silv. Pedro-manuel
147. Vieira De Araujo Serafim
148. Abreu Campos Manuel
149. Sampaio Campos Joaquim Alberto
150. Ferreira Paulo

TVM

25 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 1 per year

151. Millar Robert - 1992 : positive control
152. Hoffman Tristan
153. Sunderland Scott
154. De Vries Gerrit
155. Den Bakker Maarten
156. Hermans Mathieu - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
157. Voskamp Bertus - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
158. Lauritzen Dag-otto
159. Talen John
160. Meinert-nielsen Peter - 1993 : positive control

Varta

161. Demel Christoph
162. Lontscharitsch Josef
163. Pfleger Alois
164. Regec Josef
165. Perry Nigel
166. Schoovaerts Patrick
167. Nepp Uwe
168. Popp Paul
169. Rassinger Bernd
170. Matwew Robert



See also