Tour of Spain 1991 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Gatorade 9 5 0 0 0 0
Banesto 9 2 1 1 1 1
Buckler 9 3 1 1 0 0
Carrera 9 4 0 0 0 0
Clas 9 2 2 1 0 0
Lotus 9 2 0 0 0 0
Panasonic 9 3 0 0 0 0
Paternina 9 1 0 0 0 0
PDM 9 2 1 0 0 0
Telekom 9 3 0 0 0 0
Tulip 9 1 0 0 0 0
TVM 9 3 0 0 0 0
Amaya 9 3 1 0 0 0
Artiach 9 0 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 3 1 0 0 0
Puertas Mavisa 9 0 0 0 0 0
ONCE 9 2 2 1 2 1
Seur 9 2 1 1 0 0
Wigarma 9 0 0 0 0 0
RMO 9 2 0 0 0 0
Ryalcao 9 1 0 0 0 0
Sicasal 9 1 0 0 0 0
Total 198 45 10 5 3 2
Pourcentage 22,73% 50% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (16/10/2010)

  1. Mauri Melchior in 82h48'07''
  2. Indurain Miguel at 02'52'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  3. Lejarreta Marino at 03'11'' - 1985 : positive control
  4. Echave Musatadi Federico at 03'54'' - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
  5. Parra Fabio at 05'38''
  6. Ruiz Cabestany Pello at 06'50''
  7. Alcala Gallegos Raul at 06'57''
  8. Ugrumov Piotr at 10'43'' - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  9. Rooks Steven at 12'09'' - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
  10. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro at 12'11''
  11. Chozas Eduardo at 14'07''
  12. Cordes Tom at 14'35''
  13. Herrera Luis at 16'36''
  14. Gaston Crespi Inaki at 17'06''
  15. Cubino Laudelino at 17'12'' - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  16. Unzaga Bombin Jon at 20'54''
  17. Bolts Udo at 22'09'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  18. Giovannetti Marco at 22'57''
  19. Ivanov Ivan at 24'57''
  20. Martinez De Guerenu Fernando at 25'30''
  21. Mauleon Javier at 27'42''
  22. Mejia Alvaro at 28'00'' - 1987 : positive control
  23. Montoya Alarcon Jesus at 28'54''
  24. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan at 29'27''
  25. Moncada Guiza Gerardo at 30'05''
  26. Cardenas Ordus Henry at 31'11''
  27. Hernandez Calvo Santos at 32'36''
  28. Skibby Jesper at 32'55'' - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  29. Mora Zarate Nestor at 32'56''
  30. De Vries Gerrit at 34'46''
  31. Rodriguez Garcia José at 35'29''
  32. Van De Laer Jim at 35'56''
  33. Sierra Pena Alvaro at 36'14''
  34. Martinez Guttierez Juan-thomas at 38'03''
  35. Lino Pascal at 42'15'' - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
  36. Blanco Villar Jesus at 43'02''
  37. Roosen Luc at 44'22''
  38. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo at 46'48''
  39. Rodriguez Rodrig. Jesus at 47'03''
  40. Rodriguez Magro Jesus at 48'46''
  41. Bouwmans Eddy at 49'13''
  42. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 49'33''
  43. Raab Uwe at 52'33'' - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
  44. Leanizbarrutia Alberto at 53'11''
  45. Freitas De Paiva Cassio at 56'40'' - 2002 : positive control
  46. Manin Christophe at 56'53''
  47. Bontempi Guido at 57'06'' - 1987 : positive control
  48. Weltz Johnny at 58'43'' - 2000 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  49. Miranda Carmelo at 59'23''
  50. Van Orsouw Marc at 1h02'30'' - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  51. Elliott Malcolm at 1h03'31'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  52. Gonzales Arsenio at 1h05'22''
  53. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin at 1h05'53'' - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
  54. Pavlic Yure at 1h06'08''
  55. Gainetdinov Rames at 1h06'42''
  56. Alonso Marino at 1h06'49''
  57. Rayner David at 1h08'00''
  58. Pedrero Serrano José at 1h08'09''
  59. Morales Gonzales Pedro-saul at 1h08'24''
  60. Villanueva Jose-luis at 1h08'36''
  61. Aja Enrique at 1h11'51''
  62. Leclerc Roland at 1h12'56'' - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 199x : confessions in 2002
  63. Brun Frédéric at 1h13'13''
  64. Guillen Gonzalez Juan at 1h13'44''
  65. Da Silva Acacio at 1h13'56'' - 1984 : positive control
  66. Pulnikov Vladimir at 1h14'25''
  67. Rincon Murga Pablo-enrique at 1h16'38''
  68. Romero Ruiz Juan at 1h17'38''
  69. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus at 1h19'17''
  70. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador at 1h19'56''
  71. Van Der Poel Adrie at 1h22'06'' - 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  72. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues at 1h22'21''
  73. Kajzer Daryusz at 1h23'50''
  74. Neves Da Silva Americo at 1h23'52''
  75. Maechler Erich at 1h26'26''
  76. Ripoll Jover José-andres at 1h27'48''
  77. Ouslamine Serguei at 1h28'04''
  78. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel at 1h30'27''
  79. Puttini Felice at 1h32'30''
  80. Dominguez Diaz Manuel-jorge at 1h32'38'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  81. Hilse Peter at 1h33'33''
  82. Anton Renart Miguel-angel at 1h34'11''
  83. Talen John at 1h34'31''
  84. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso at 1h37'46''
  85. Arntz Marcel at 1h38'21''
  86. Manuylov Yuri at 1h38'34''
  87. Tebaldi Valerio at 1h39'44''
  88. Carlos Arribas Gallego Juan at 1h39'56''
  89. Jdanov Vassili at 1h40'00''
  90. Torres Roberto at 1h40'31''
  91. Van Den Akker John at 1h40'35''
  92. Martinez Fernandez Juan-josé at 1h42'25''
  93. Sanchez Valencia José-antonio at 1h46'26''
  94. Guijarro Domenech Manuel at 1h48'15''
  95. Cabello Francisco at 1h49'36'' - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  96. Henn Christian at 1h49'59'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  97. Lubberding Henk at 1h50'59''
  98. Esnault Patrice at 1h51'46''
  99. Mota Dos Santos Fernando at 1h51'55''
  100. Iglesias Guerrero Miguel-angel at 1h52'11''
  101. Vanderaerden Eric at 1h52'35''
  102. Kummer Mario at 1h52'45'' - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  103. Carballeda Javier at 1h55'04''
  104. Siemons Jan at 1h59'04''
  105. Scirea Mario at 2h03'05'' - 2004 : in the act
  106. Van Poppel Jean-paul at 2h05'05''
  107. Vieira De Araujo Serafim at 2h05'06''
  108. Mazon Blanco Bernardo at 2h05'57''
  109. Hernandez Carlos at 2h07'19''
  110. Beuker Rene at 2h08'31''
  111. Woods Dean at 2h11'05''
  112. Ducrot Maarten at 2h13'32'' - 1982 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1990 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  113. Jakobs Gert at 2h23'46'' - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
  114. Hermans Mathieu at 2h28'44'' - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
  115. Fidanza Giovanni at 2h30'35''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Mauri Melchior
  2. Parra Fabio
  3. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
  4. Alcala Gallegos Raul
  5. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
  6. Chozas Eduardo
  7. Cordes Tom
  8. Herrera Luis
  9. Gaston Crespi Inaki
  10. Unzaga Bombin Jon
  11. Giovannetti Marco
  12. Ivanov Ivan
  13. Martinez De Guerenu Fernando
  14. Mauleon Javier
  15. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
  16. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
  17. Moncada Guiza Gerardo
  18. Cardenas Ordus Henry
  19. Hernandez Calvo Santos
  20. Mora Zarate Nestor
  21. De Vries Gerrit
  22. Rodriguez Garcia José
  23. Van De Laer Jim
  24. Sierra Pena Alvaro
  25. Martinez Guttierez Juan-thomas
  26. Blanco Villar Jesus
  27. Roosen Luc
  28. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo
  29. Rodriguez Rodrig. Jesus
  30. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
  31. Bouwmans Eddy
  32. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  33. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
  34. Manin Christophe
  35. Miranda Carmelo
  36. Gonzales Arsenio
  37. Pavlic Yure
  38. Gainetdinov Rames
  39. Alonso Marino
  40. Rayner David
  41. Pedrero Serrano José
  42. Morales Gonzales Pedro-saul
  43. Villanueva Jose-luis
  44. Aja Enrique
  45. Brun Frédéric
  46. Guillen Gonzalez Juan
  47. Pulnikov Vladimir
  48. Rincon Murga Pablo-enrique
  49. Romero Ruiz Juan
  50. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus
  51. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador
  52. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues
  53. Kajzer Daryusz
  54. Neves Da Silva Americo
  55. Maechler Erich
  56. Ripoll Jover José-andres
  57. Ouslamine Serguei
  58. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel
  59. Puttini Felice
  60. Hilse Peter
  61. Anton Renart Miguel-angel
  62. Talen John
  63. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
  64. Arntz Marcel
  65. Manuylov Yuri
  66. Tebaldi Valerio
  67. Carlos Arribas Gallego Juan
  68. Jdanov Vassili
  69. Torres Roberto
  70. Van Den Akker John
  71. Martinez Fernandez Juan-josé
  72. Sanchez Valencia José-antonio
  73. Guijarro Domenech Manuel
  74. Lubberding Henk
  75. Esnault Patrice
  76. Mota Dos Santos Fernando
  77. Iglesias Guerrero Miguel-angel
  78. Vanderaerden Eric
  79. Carballeda Javier
  80. Siemons Jan
  81. Van Poppel Jean-paul
  82. Vieira De Araujo Serafim
  83. Mazon Blanco Bernardo
  84. Hernandez Carlos
  85. Beuker Rene
  86. Woods Dean
  87. Fidanza Giovanni



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Gatorade

1. Giovannetti Marco
2. Fidanza Giovanni
3. Kummer Mario - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
4. Volpi Alberto - 1993 : positive control (no penalty)
5. Schur Jan
6. Tebaldi Valerio
7. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
8. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
9. Manzoni Mario - 1998 : blood test

Banesto

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

11. Indurain Miguel - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
12. Gorospe Julian - 1984 : positive control
13. Philipot Fabrice
14. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
15. Alonso Marino
16. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo
17. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
18. Uriarte José-ramon
19. Santamaria Gonzales Jose-luis

Buckler

35 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,4 per year

21. Nijdam Jelle
22. Rooks Steven - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
23. Vanderaerden Eric
24. Winnen Peter - 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
25. De Vries Gerrit
26. Robeet Patrick
27. Rayner David
28. Poels Twan
29. De Clercq Mario - 2004 : judicial investigation

Carrera

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

31. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
32. Maechler Erich
33. Giupponi Flavio - 1988 : absence to control
34. Sciandri Maximilian - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
35. Pulnikov Vladimir
36. Chiesa Mario
37. Pavlic Yure
38. Puttini Felice
39. Henn Christian - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control

Clas

6 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,33 per year

41. Echave Musatadi Federico - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
42. Gaston Crespi Inaki
43. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
44. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
45. Gonzales Arsenio
46. Mauleon Javier
47. Dominguez Diaz Manuel-jorge - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
48. Camarillo Angel
49. Gonzalo Guirao Victor

Lotus

51. Manuylov Yuri
52. Da Silva Acacio - 1984 : positive control
53. Blanco Villar Jesus
54. Torres Roberto
55. Gainetdinov Rames
56. Hernandez Carlos
57. Martinez Guttierez Juan-thomas
58. Hermans Mathieu - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
59. Suykerbuyk Luc

Panasonic

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

61. Planckaert Eddy - 1988 : positive control ; 1991 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
62. Van Lancker Eric
63. Van Orsouw Marc - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
64. Ludwig Olaf - 2006 : police investigation
65. De Koning Louis
66. Zen Marco
67. Bouwmans Eddy
68. Lubberding Henk
69. Hanegraaf Jaak

Paternina

71. Carballeda Javier
72. Aja Enrique
73. Dekker Dick
74. Beuker Rene
75. Laguia Martinez José-luis - 1983 : positive control
76. Murua Inaki
77. Carvalho Oliveira Fernando
78. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
79. Mazon Blanco Bernardo

PDM

7 years of existence, 15 cases, ie 2,14 per year

81. Alcala Gallegos Raul
82. Raab Uwe - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
83. Cordes Tom
84. Talen John
85. Van Poppel Jean-paul
86. Van Den Akker John
87. Vos John
88. Jakobs Gert - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
89. Durst Thomas

Telekom

23 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 1,35 per year

91. Bolts Udo - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
92. Kajzer Daryusz
93. Wolf Carsten - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control
94. Arntz Marcel
95. Groene Bernd
96. Schleicher Markus
97. Nijboer Erwin
98. Freuler Urs - 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
99. Woods Dean

Tulip

101. Van Der Poel Adrie - 1983 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
102. Roosen Luc
103. Kools Adrie
104. Rogiers Rudy
105. Van De Laer Jim
106. Patry Rudy
107. Jentzsch Olaf
108. Zanoli Michel
109. Pieters Peter

TVM

25 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 1 per year

111. Konyshev Dimitri
112. Jdanov Vassili
113. Skibby Jesper - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
114. Siemons Jan
115. Muller Jörg (sui) - 1987 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
116. Sunderland Scott
117. Ouslamine Serguei
118. Barth Thomas
119. Ducrot Maarten - 1982 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1990 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)

Amaya

15 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,67 per year

121. Cubino Laudelino - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
122. Parra Fabio
123. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
124. Murguialday Javier
125. Romero Ruiz Juan
126. Leclerc Roland - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 199x : confessions in 2002
127. Esnault Patrice
128. Pedersen Per - 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
129. Antequera Francisco

Artiach

12 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,25 per year

131. Llach Joaquim
132. Sanchez Martinez Mariano
133. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
134. Carlos Arribas Gallego Juan
135. Neves Da Silva Americo
136. Miranda Carmelo
137. Sanchez Valencia José-antonio
138. Anton Renart Miguel-angel
139. Ruiz Santamaria Eduardo

Kelme

141. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
142. Mora Zarate Nestor
143. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
144. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
145. Morales Gonzales Pedro-saul
146. Rota Munoz Ramon-antonio
147. Cabello Francisco - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
148. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel
149. Saitov Asiate

Puertas Mavisa

151. Iglesias Guerrero Miguel-angel
152. Gonzalez Salvador Juan-carlos
153. Rodriguez Rodrig. Jesus
154. Guijarro Domenech Manuel
155. Pedrero Serrano José
156. Moran Cabrera José-luis
157. Martinez De Guerenu Fernando
158. Lorenzana Becerra Rafael
159. Guillen Gonzalez Juan

ONCE

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

161. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
162. Lejarreta Marino - 1985 : positive control
163. Chozas Eduardo
164. Diaz Zabala Herminio
165. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
166. Hernandez Calvo Santos
167. Mauri Melchior
168. Villanueva Jose-luis
169. Weltz Johnny - 2000 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)

Seur

24 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,25 per year

171. Moreno Rebollo Pablo
172. Elliott Malcolm - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
173. Hilse Peter
174. Unzaga Bombin Jon
175. Klimov Viktor
176. Ugrumov Piotr - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
177. Ivanov Ivan
178. Rodriguez Garcia José
179. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador

Wigarma

181. Cordoba Asensi Roberto
182. Navarro Martinez José-luis
183. Martin Perez Jesus-cruz
184. Esparza Sanz Antonio
185. Sarrapio Angel-josé
186. Carrera Alvarez José-enrique
187. Martinez Fernandez Juan-josé
188. Ripoll Jover José-andres
189. Ochaita Sanz Francisco Julian

RMO

7 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,71 per year

191. Lino Pascal - 1993 : positive control ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999
192. Claveyrolat Thierry - 1986 : police control (no penalty)
193. Manin Christophe
194. Brun Frédéric
195. Dojwa Jean-philippe
196. Rezze Dante
197. Ribeiro Mauro
198. Wust Marcel
199. Jonrond Jean-luc

Ryalcao

201. Mejia Alvaro - 1987 : positive control
202. Vargas Restrepo Oscar
203. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus
204. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria
205. Herrera Luis
206. Moncada Guiza Gerardo
207. Sierra Pena Alvaro
208. Hernandez Riano Omar-pablo
209. Cardenas Ordus Henry

Sicasal

211. Pinto De Castro Antonio Joachim
212. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
213. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues
214. Freitas De Paiva Cassio - 2002 : positive control
215. Rincon Murga Pablo-enrique
216. Pinto De Oliveira Paulo
217. Araujo Cesar Carlos
218. Vieira De Araujo Serafim
219. Mota Dos Santos Fernando



See also