Tour of Spain 1990 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Banesto 9 3 2 2 1 1
Alfa Lum 9 1 1 0 0 0
BH 9 2 0 0 0 0
Café de Colombia 9 1 0 0 0 0
Clas 9 1 1 1 0 0
Château d'Ax 9 4 0 0 0 0
Diana 9 1 0 0 0 0
Jolly 9 2 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 2 1 0 0 0
Lotus 9 1 0 0 0 0
Puertas Mavisa 9 0 0 0 0 0
ONCE 9 3 2 0 1 0
Teka 9 2 0 0 0 0
Toshiba 9 1 1 0 0 0
Tulip 9 2 0 0 0 0
Isoglass 9 0 0 0 0 0
PDM 9 3 1 1 0 0
Pony Malta 9 2 0 0 0 0
Ryalcao 9 2 0 0 0 0
Seur 9 1 1 0 1 0
Sicasal 9 1 0 0 0 0
Stuttgart 9 1 0 0 0 0
Total 198 36 10 4 3 1
Pourcentage 18,18% 40% 33,33%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (16/10/2010)

  1. Giovannetti Marco in 94h36'40''
  2. Delgado Pedro at 01'28'' - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
  3. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo at 01'48''
  4. Ruiz Cabestany Pello at 02'16''
  5. Parra Fabio at 03'07''
  6. Echave Musatadi Federico at 03'52'' - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
  7. Indurain Miguel at 06'22'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  8. Ivanov Ivan at 06'48''
  9. Ampler Uwe at 07'15'' - 1993 : confessions in 1994 (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
  10. Roux Denis at 07'56''
  11. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin at 08'27'' - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
  12. Herrera Luis at 09'07''
  13. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria at 10'36''
  14. Gaston Crespi Inaki at 11'15''
  15. Rodriguez Pacho at 11'40'' - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
  16. Rominger Tony at 13'33'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  17. Mejia Alvaro at 16'52'' - 1987 : positive control
  18. Montoya Alarcon Jesus at 17'45''
  19. Sierra Pena Alvaro at 18'41''
  20. Unzaga Bombin Jon at 19'45''
  21. Gorospe Julian at 20'09'' - 1984 : positive control
  22. Camargo Alberto at 20'24''
  23. Laguia Martinez José-luis at 20'30'' - 1983 : positive control
  24. Wilches Tumbia Pablo Emilio at 23'11'' - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
  25. Moncada Guiza Gerardo at 24'39''
  26. Kajzer Daryusz at 27'12''
  27. Murguialday Javier at 28'06''
  28. Weltz Johnny at 29'05'' - 2000 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  29. Rodriguez Magro Jesus at 30'42''
  30. Morales Gonzales Pedro-saul at 32'46''
  31. Hernandez Carlos at 37'30''
  32. Cardenas Ordus Henry at 38'32''
  33. Chozas Eduardo at 42'47''
  34. Cuspoca Demetrio at 43'05''
  35. Emonds Nico at 45'21'' - 1990 : positive control ; 1995 : positive control
  36. Sanchez Martinez Mariano at 47'16''
  37. Bourguignon Thierry at 48'36''
  38. Hernandez Calvo Santos at 49'01''
  39. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus at 49'57''
  40. Aja Enrique at 50'54''
  41. Chaparro Cardozo Arsenio at 51'08''
  42. Mora Zarate Nestor at 52'14''
  43. Madiot Yvon at 53'15''
  44. Quevedo Salazar Fernando at 53'18''
  45. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso at 53'33''
  46. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo at 1h00'50''
  47. Mauleon Javier at 1h01'39''
  48. Louviot Philippe at 1h05'44''
  49. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier at 1h06'54''
  50. Golovatenko Nikolai at 1h12'29''
  51. Worre Jesper at 1h12'53'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  52. Martinez De Guerenu Fernando at 1h13'24''
  53. Bolts Udo at 1h13'37'' - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  54. Perez Garcia Luis at 1h13'41''
  55. Lejarreta Marino at 1h14'01'' - 1985 : positive control
  56. Hernandez Riano Omar-pablo at 1h14'15''
  57. Hernandez Joaquim at 1h14'44''
  58. Raab Uwe at 1h15'11'' - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
  59. Bernard Jean-françois at 1h15'58''
  60. Lozano Moncada Alvaro at 1h18'41''
  61. Alonso Casado Enrique at 1h19'15''
  62. Mujika Aramburu Jokin at 1h20'38''
  63. Camarillo Angel at 1h22'00''
  64. Suykerbuyk Luc at 1h22'46''
  65. Llach Joaquim at 1h23'38''
  66. Hilse Peter at 1h29'13''
  67. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn at 1h33'00''
  68. Lance Pascal at 1h35'01''
  69. Leanizbarrutia Alberto at 1h36'36''
  70. Jalabert Laurent at 1h36'49'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  71. Mauri Melchior at 1h38'12''
  72. Torres Roberto at 1h38'19''
  73. Guijarro Domenech Manuel at 1h38'56''
  74. Oliveira Boga José-manuel at 1h39'53''
  75. Alonso Marino at 1h39'58''
  76. Vanotti Ennio at 1h40'05''
  77. Vieira De Araujo Serafim at 1h42'09''
  78. Holzmann Josef at 1h43'26''
  79. Brandini Claudio at 1h44'33''
  80. Ripoll Jover José-andres at 1h45'58''
  81. Moran Cabrera José-luis at 1h49'09''
  82. Hendrickx Patrick at 1h52'11''
  83. Van Brabant Benny at 1h53'05''
  84. Zadrobilek Gerhard at 1h53'16''
  85. Schepers Eddy at 1h54'31'' - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
  86. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso at 1h55'52''
  87. Rossi Maurizio at 1h58'09''
  88. Martinez Oliver Juan at 2h00'33''
  89. Pedersen Atle at 2h03'49''
  90. Seguy Claude at 2h04'31''
  91. Passera Camillo at 2h06'50''
  92. Kummer Mario at 2h07'50'' - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  93. Pinto De Castro Antonio Joachim at 2h10'41''
  94. Sarrapio Angel-josé at 2h12'17''
  95. Freitas De Paiva Cassio at 2h12'39'' - 2002 : positive control
  96. Iglesias Guerrero Miguel-angel at 2h15'15''
  97. Moreda Garcia Tizon Casimiro at 2h15'42''
  98. Duch Ballestar Javier at 2h17'12''
  99. Navarro Martinez José-luis at 2h17'54''
  100. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues at 2h18'59''
  101. Caroli Daniele at 2h19'32''
  102. Forest Robert at 2h23'26''
  103. Poeira Costa José-joaquim at 2h24'06''
  104. Rogiers Rudy at 2h24'10''
  105. Dominguez Diaz Manuel-jorge at 2h24'17'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  106. Tchmil Andrei at 2h25'55''
  107. Reina Garcia Juan at 2h26'57''
  108. Carlos Arribas Gallego Juan at 2h27'21''
  109. Carrera Ponzon Manuel at 2h28'27''
  110. Van Den Akker John at 2h29'08''
  111. Esparza Sanz Antonio at 2h29'21''
  112. Verbeken Peter at 2h30'27''
  113. Abreu Campos Manuel at 2h32'54''
  114. Jakobs Gert at 2h34'15'' - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
  115. Rota Munoz Ramon-antonio at 2h34'50''
  116. Elliott Malcolm at 2h35'12'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  117. Scirea Mario at 2h35'27'' - 2004 : in the act
  118. Cabello Francisco at 2h39'55'' - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  119. Nijboer Erwin at 2h41'46''
  120. Pacheco Saez José-fernando at 2h44'44''
  121. Groene Bernd at 2h44'47''
  122. Wijnands Adrie at 2h47'31''
  123. Mota Dos Santos Fernando at 2h48'16''
  124. Woods Dean at 2h49'05''
  125. Carreno Lizarazo Marco-antonio at 2h52'14''
  126. Hoondert Peter at 2h55'26''
  127. Vos John at 2h57'48''
  128. Aguiar Martinez Gonzalo at 2h58'00''
  129. Saitov Asiate at 3h00'21''
  130. Roelandt Patrick at 3h09'47''
  131. Cuadrado Taravillo José Emilio at 3h10'22''
  132. Giuliani Stefano at 3h13'09''
  133. Delgado De Andres Manuel at 4h00'49''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Giovannetti Marco
  2. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
  3. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
  4. Parra Fabio
  5. Ivanov Ivan
  6. Roux Denis
  7. Herrera Luis
  8. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria
  9. Gaston Crespi Inaki
  10. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
  11. Sierra Pena Alvaro
  12. Unzaga Bombin Jon
  13. Camargo Alberto
  14. Moncada Guiza Gerardo
  15. Kajzer Daryusz
  16. Murguialday Javier
  17. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
  18. Morales Gonzales Pedro-saul
  19. Hernandez Carlos
  20. Cardenas Ordus Henry
  21. Chozas Eduardo
  22. Cuspoca Demetrio
  23. Sanchez Martinez Mariano
  24. Bourguignon Thierry
  25. Hernandez Calvo Santos
  26. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus
  27. Aja Enrique
  28. Chaparro Cardozo Arsenio
  29. Mora Zarate Nestor
  30. Madiot Yvon
  31. Quevedo Salazar Fernando
  32. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso
  33. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo
  34. Mauleon Javier
  35. Louviot Philippe
  36. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier
  37. Golovatenko Nikolai
  38. Martinez De Guerenu Fernando
  39. Perez Garcia Luis
  40. Hernandez Riano Omar-pablo
  41. Hernandez Joaquim
  42. Bernard Jean-françois
  43. Lozano Moncada Alvaro
  44. Alonso Casado Enrique
  45. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
  46. Camarillo Angel
  47. Suykerbuyk Luc
  48. Llach Joaquim
  49. Hilse Peter
  50. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
  51. Lance Pascal
  52. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
  53. Mauri Melchior
  54. Torres Roberto
  55. Guijarro Domenech Manuel
  56. Oliveira Boga José-manuel
  57. Alonso Marino
  58. Vanotti Ennio
  59. Vieira De Araujo Serafim
  60. Holzmann Josef
  61. Brandini Claudio
  62. Ripoll Jover José-andres
  63. Moran Cabrera José-luis
  64. Hendrickx Patrick
  65. Van Brabant Benny
  66. Zadrobilek Gerhard
  67. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
  68. Rossi Maurizio
  69. Martinez Oliver Juan
  70. Pedersen Atle
  71. Seguy Claude
  72. Passera Camillo
  73. Pinto De Castro Antonio Joachim
  74. Sarrapio Angel-josé
  75. Iglesias Guerrero Miguel-angel
  76. Moreda Garcia Tizon Casimiro
  77. Duch Ballestar Javier
  78. Navarro Martinez José-luis
  79. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues
  80. Caroli Daniele
  81. Forest Robert
  82. Poeira Costa José-joaquim
  83. Rogiers Rudy
  84. Tchmil Andrei
  85. Reina Garcia Juan
  86. Carlos Arribas Gallego Juan
  87. Carrera Ponzon Manuel
  88. Van Den Akker John
  89. Esparza Sanz Antonio
  90. Verbeken Peter
  91. Abreu Campos Manuel
  92. Rota Munoz Ramon-antonio
  93. Nijboer Erwin
  94. Pacheco Saez José-fernando
  95. Groene Bernd
  96. Wijnands Adrie
  97. Mota Dos Santos Fernando
  98. Woods Dean
  99. Carreno Lizarazo Marco-antonio
  100. Hoondert Peter
  101. Vos John
  102. Aguiar Martinez Gonzalo
  103. Saitov Asiate
  104. Roelandt Patrick
  105. Cuadrado Taravillo José Emilio
  106. Giuliani Stefano
  107. Delgado De Andres Manuel



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Banesto

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

1. Delgado Pedro - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
2. Alonso Marino
3. Indurain Miguel - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
4. Gorospe Julian - 1984 : positive control
5. Lukin Morantin Luis Javier
6. Martinez Oliver Juan
7. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
8. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
9. Rondon Vasquez Abelardo

Alfa Lum

8 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,12 per year

11. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine - 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
12. Iarochenko Oleg
13. Ivanov Ivan
14. Jdanov Vassili
15. Klimov Viktor
16. Pulnikov Vladimir
17. Saitov Asiate
18. Tchmil Andrei
19. Golovatenko Nikolai

BH

21. Antequera Francisco
22. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
23. Carlos Arribas Gallego Juan
24. Decrion Jacques - 1988 : positive control
25. Esnault Patrice
26. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
27. Murguialday Javier
28. Pelier Joël - 1988 : positive control
29. Quevedo Salazar Fernando

Café de Colombia

6 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,17 per year

31. Arias Acosta Juan-carlos
32. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
33. Camargo Alberto
34. Cardenas Ordus Henry
35. Forest Robert
36. Herrera Luis
37. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
38. Sierra Pena Alvaro
39. Worre Jesper - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)

Clas

6 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,33 per year

41. Duch Ballestar Javier
42. Arenas Reyes Guillermo
43. Camarillo Angel
44. Echave Musatadi Federico - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
45. Gaston Crespi Inaki
46. Mauleon Javier
47. Moreda Garcia Tizon Casimiro
48. Oliveira Boga José-manuel
49. Aguiar Martinez Gonzalo

Château d'Ax

51. Kummer Mario - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
52. Botteon Luigi
53. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
54. Passera Camillo
55. Rominger Tony - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
56. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
57. Tebaldi Valerio
58. Vanotti Ennio
59. Vona Franco

Diana

61. Bramati Davide
62. Bordonali Fabio
63. Bontempi Fabrizio
64. Jaskula Zenon - 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
65. Kulas Marek
66. Piasecki Lech
67. Piovani Maurizio
68. Saronni Giuseppe
69. Szerszynski Marek

Jolly

71. Brandini Claudio
72. Cecini Stefano
73. Giuliani Stefano
74. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
75. Martinello Silvio
76. Pastorelli Ettore
77. Rossi Maurizio
78. Rossignoli Francesco
79. Visentini Roberto - 1988 : absence to control

Kelme

81. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
82. Martinez Matei Ricardo
83. Mora Zarate Nestor
84. Morales Gonzales Pedro-saul
85. Parra Fabio
86. Cabello Francisco - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
87. Reina Garcia Juan
88. Rota Munoz Ramon-antonio
89. Sarrapio Angel-josé

Lotus

91. Alonso Casado Enrique
92. Blanco Villar Jesus
93. Carrera Ponzon Manuel
94. Hernandez Carlos
95. Laguia Martinez José-luis - 1983 : positive control
96. Ocana Perez Angel
97. Perez Garcia Luis
98. Suykerbuyk Luc
99. Torres Roberto

Puertas Mavisa

101. Cuadrado Taravillo José Emilio
102. Delgado De Andres Manuel
103. Esparza Sanz Antonio
104. Guijarro Domenech Manuel
105. Iglesias Guerrero Miguel-angel
106. Lorenzana Becerra Rafael
107. Martinez De Guerenu Fernando
108. Moran Cabrera José-luis
109. Rodriguez Rodrig. Jesus

ONCE

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

111. Chozas Eduardo
112. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
113. Hernandez Calvo Santos
114. Lejarreta Marino - 1985 : positive control
115. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel
116. Mauri Melchior
117. Munoz Pedro - 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
118. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
119. Weltz Johnny - 2000 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)

Teka

15 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1,2 per year

121. Aja Enrique
122. Cordoba Asensi Roberto
123. Elliott Malcolm - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
124. Emonds Nico - 1990 : positive control ; 1995 : positive control
125. Hilse Peter
126. Kuum Janus
127. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
128. Pacheco Saez José-fernando
129. Sanchez Martinez Mariano

Toshiba

131. Bernard Jean-françois
132. Bourguignon Thierry
133. Carlsen John
134. Jalabert Laurent - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
135. Lance Pascal
136. Louviot Philippe
137. Madiot Yvon
138. Roux Denis
139. Seguy Claude

Tulip

141. Schepers Eddy - 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
142. Balboa Rico Andoni
143. Dominguez Diaz Manuel-jorge - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
144. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus
145. Llach Joaquim
146. Prado Vicente
147. Ripoll Jover José-andres
148. Vilamajo Jaime
149. Caroli Daniele

Isoglass

151. Bafcop Edwin
152. De Beleyer Stefan
153. Roelandt Patrick
154. Hendrickx Patrick
155. Rakers Stefan
156. Rogiers Rudy
157. Van Brabant Benny
158. Van Himst Frank
159. Verbeken Peter

PDM

7 years of existence, 15 cases, ie 2,14 per year

161. Ampler Uwe - 1993 : confessions in 1994 (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty)
162. De Wolf Dirk
163. Hoondert Peter
164. Jakobs Gert - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
165. Pedersen Atle
166. Raab Uwe - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
167. Van Den Akker John
168. Vos John
169. Zadrobilek Gerhard

Pony Malta

171. Carreno Lizarazo Marco-antonio
172. Cuspoca Demetrio
173. Gonzalez Gallego Luis-alberto
174. Lozano Moncada Alvaro
175. Ramirez Ramirez Martin-alonso
176. Rodriguez Hernand. Fabio
177. Rodriguez Pacho - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
178. Roncancio Gonzalez Celio-roberto
179. Wilches Tumbia Pablo Emilio - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)

Ryalcao

181. Chaparro Cardozo Arsenio
182. Hernandez Riano Omar-pablo
183. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria
184. Mejia Alvaro - 1987 : positive control
185. Moncada Guiza Gerardo
186. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus
187. Patarroyo Forero Hector Julio - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
188. Wilches Tumbia Gustavo
189. Vargas Restrepo Oscar

Seur

24 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,25 per year

191. Giovannetti Marco
192. Hermans Mathieu - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
193. Heynderickx Jean-pierre
194. Hernandez Joaquim
195. Moreno Rebollo Pablo
196. Navarro Martinez José-luis
197. Pino Counago Alvaro
198. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador
199. Unzaga Bombin Jon

Sicasal

201. Abreu Campos Manuel
202. Poeira Costa José-joaquim
203. Freitas De Paiva Cassio - 2002 : positive control
204. Gomes Joaquim
205. Mota Dos Santos Fernando
206. Pinto De Castro Antonio Joachim
207. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues
208. Vieira De Araujo Serafim
209. Vitorino Pereira Rui-manuel

Stuttgart

211. Bolts Udo - 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
212. Bolts Hartmut
213. Groene Bernd
214. Holzmann Josef
215. Kajzer Daryusz
216. Nijboer Erwin
217. Wijnands Adrie
218. Woods Dean
219. Arntz Marcel



See also