Tour of Spain 1981 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Zor 10 4 4 3 1 1
Colchon 10 3 1 1 0 0
Inoxpran 10 3 2 1 1 1
Kelme 10 3 1 1 1 1
HB 10 0 0 0 0 0
Reynolds 10 1 1 1 0 0
Miko 10 4 1 1 0 0
Manzaneque 10 1 0 0 0 0
Total 80 19 10 8 3 3
Pourcentage 23,75% 80% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (20/10/2010)

  1. Battaglin Giovanni in 98h04'49'' - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
  2. Munoz Pedro at 02'09'' - 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
  3. Belda Vicente at 02'29'' - 1982 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  4. Marcussen Jorgen at 03'33''
  5. Coll Antonio at 04'26'' - 1981 : positive control
  6. Arroyo Angel at 04'30'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control
  7. Laguia Martinez José-luis at 06'05'' - 1983 : positive control
  8. Ruperez Faustino at 07'09''
  9. Clère Régis at 07'23'' - 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
  10. Lasa Miguel-maria at 10'54'' - 1977 : positive control
  11. Chozas Eduardo at 12'48''
  12. Loro Luciano at 13'49''
  13. Cabrero José-antonio at 16'17''
  14. Dal Pian Alfonso at 17'17''
  15. Zijerveld Peter at 19'55''
  16. De Las Heras Angel at 22'32''
  17. Martinez Heredia Enrique at 26'16''
  18. Pujol Juan at 27'36''
  19. Cedena Javier at 29'46''
  20. De La Pena Guillermo at 30'24''
  21. Vichot Frédéric at 31'54''
  22. Pino Counago Alvaro at 33'24''
  23. Lopez Cerron José-luis at 36'30''
  24. Sgalbazzi Amilcare at 39'49''
  25. Greciano Anastasio at 44'44''
  26. Prieto Celestino at 47'17''
  27. Chinetti Alfredo at 50'00''
  28. Van Der Meer Johan at 50'36''
  29. Camarillo Angel at 56'13''
  30. Andersen Kim at 1h00'19'' - 1985 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1992 : positive control
  31. Guzman Delgado Jesus at 1h01'56''
  32. Suarez Cueva Jésus at 1h07'35'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  33. Thévenard Patrice at 1h09'50''
  34. Lebaud Didier at 1h11'14''
  35. Gutierrez Mayor Miguel at 1h16'26''
  36. Bausager Per at 1h21'03''
  37. Schipper Jos at 1h25'54''
  38. Bittinger René at 1h28'42''
  39. Zuniga Carrasco Ricardo at 1h29'15''
  40. Revoul Marc at 1h29'34''
  41. Perez Moreno Félix at 1h31'33''
  42. Fandos Ignacio-juan at 1h33'21'' - 1982 : positive control (sanction not known)
  43. Nazabal José at 1h34'03'' - 1978 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  44. Lopez Izkue Francisco Javier at 1h35'41''
  45. Perini Giancarlo at 1h40'56'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  46. Fortia Jorge at 1h42'54''
  47. Nieuwdorp Heddie at 1h50'11''
  48. Grondin Hugues at 1h56'07'' - 1982 : positive control
  49. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus at 1h59'22''
  50. Cabello Antonio at 2h03'48''
  51. Garcia Gines at 2h06'09''
  52. Juarez Isidro at 2h16'00'' - 1979 : positive control
  53. Menthéour Pierre-henri at 2h17'58'' - 1986 : confessions in 1990 ; 1994 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1997 : judicial investigation
  54. Acha Miguel at 2h32'48''
  55. Teixeira Rodriguez José at 3h01'10''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Marcussen Jorgen
  2. Ruperez Faustino
  3. Chozas Eduardo
  4. Loro Luciano
  5. Cabrero José-antonio
  6. Dal Pian Alfonso
  7. Zijerveld Peter
  8. De Las Heras Angel
  9. Martinez Heredia Enrique
  10. Pujol Juan
  11. Cedena Javier
  12. De La Pena Guillermo
  13. Vichot Frédéric
  14. Pino Counago Alvaro
  15. Lopez Cerron José-luis
  16. Sgalbazzi Amilcare
  17. Greciano Anastasio
  18. Prieto Celestino
  19. Chinetti Alfredo
  20. Van Der Meer Johan
  21. Camarillo Angel
  22. Guzman Delgado Jesus
  23. Thévenard Patrice
  24. Lebaud Didier
  25. Gutierrez Mayor Miguel
  26. Bausager Per
  27. Schipper Jos
  28. Bittinger René
  29. Zuniga Carrasco Ricardo
  30. Revoul Marc
  31. Perez Moreno Félix
  32. Lopez Izkue Francisco Javier
  33. Fortia Jorge
  34. Nieuwdorp Heddie
  35. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus
  36. Cabello Antonio
  37. Garcia Gines
  38. Acha Miguel
  39. Teixeira Rodriguez José



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Zor

1. Ruperez Faustino
2. Lasa Miguel-maria - 1977 : positive control
3. Arroyo Angel - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1982 : positive control
4. Chozas Eduardo
5. Lopez Cerron José-luis
6. Munoz Pedro - 1982 : positive control ; 1984 : positive control
7. De La Pena Guillermo
8. Cabrero José-antonio
9. Camarillo Angel
10. Juarez Isidro - 1979 : positive control

Colchon

3 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,67 per year

11. Martinez Heredia Enrique
12. Cedena Javier
13. Pino Counago Alvaro
14. Nazabal José - 1978 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
15. Rubio Lara Vivencio
16. Fandos Ignacio-juan - 1982 : positive control (sanction not known)
17. Pujol Juan
18. Coll Antonio - 1981 : positive control
19. Sala Oliveiras Francisco
20. Jagsch Erich

Inoxpran

21 years of existence, 5 cases, ie 0,24 per year

21. Battaglin Giovanni - 1975 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control
22. Marcussen Jorgen
23. Bausager Per
24. Loro Luciano
25. Sgalbazzi Amilcare
26. Perini Giancarlo - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
27. Moro Luigino
28. Dal Pian Alfonso
29. Chinetti Alfredo
30. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control

Kelme

36 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,72 per year

31. Fernandez Juan
32. Belda Vicente - 1982 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
33. Suarez Cueva Jésus - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
34. Albelda Francisco - 1981 : positive control
35. Ladron De Guevarra Rafael
36. Guzman Delgado Jesus
37. Murga Imanol
38. Fortia Jorge
39. Garcia Gines
40. Prieto Celestino

HB

51. Lammertink Jos
52. Schipper Jos
53. Zijerveld Peter
54. Nieuwdorp Heddie
55. Van Peer Ad
56. Van Meer Jacques
57. Selander Dag
58. Van Dongen Leo
59. Vonk Hans
60. Van Der Meer Johan

Reynolds

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

61. Acha Miguel
62. Greciano Anastasio
63. Hernandez Carlos
64. Hernandez Ubeda Jesus
65. Laguia Martinez José-luis - 1983 : positive control
66. Iza Vicente
67. Lopez Izkue Francisco Javier
68. Otin Luis-vicente
69. Zuniga Carrasco Ricardo
70. Quintanilla Juan-josé

Miko

45 years of existence, 32 cases, ie 0,71 per year

71. Clère Régis - 1986 : police investigation (no penalty)
72. Bittinger René
73. Lebaud Didier
74. Thévenard Patrice
75. Menthéour Pierre-henri - 1986 : confessions in 1990 ; 1994 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty) ; 1997 : judicial investigation
76. Vichot Frédéric
77. Andersen Kim - 1985 : positive control ; 1985 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1986 : positive control ; 1987 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1992 : positive control
78. Revoul Marc
79. Obersson Gerald
80. Le Bigaut Pierre - 1982 : absence to control ; 1987 : positive control

Manzaneque

81. Grondin Hugues - 1982 : positive control
82. Perez Moreno Félix
83. Gutierrez Mayor Miguel
84. Garcia Fabio
85. Teixeira Rodriguez José
86. Juarez Munoz Juan Luis
87. Yurrebaso Goyene Txe José-maria
88. Rivas Mursio
89. De Las Heras Angel
90. Cabello Antonio



See also