Tour of Spain 1996 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
ONCE 9 3 1 1 1 1
AKI 9 3 1 0 0 0
Banesto 9 3 0 0 0 0
Cantina Tollo 9 2 0 0 0 0
Euskadi 9 3 0 0 0 0
Gewiss 9 5 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 6 1 0 0 0
Festina 9 3 1 1 1 1
Maia 9 0 0 0 0 0
Mapei 9 3 1 1 1 1
MG 9 2 1 0 0 0
Motorola 9 7 2 2 0 0
MX Onda 9 3 0 0 0 0
Casino 9 3 0 0 0 0
Polti 9 4 2 2 0 0
Saeco 9 4 0 0 0 0
Porcelena Santa Clara 9 3 0 0 0 0
Scrigno 9 2 0 0 0 0
Telekom 9 3 0 0 0 0
TVM 9 4 0 0 0 0
Total 180 66 10 7 3 3
Pourcentage 36,67% 70% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (11/10/2010)

  1. Zülle Alex in 97h31'46'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  2. Dufaux Laurent at 06'23'' - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
  3. Rominger Tony at 08'29'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  4. Pistore Roberto at 10'13''
  5. Faustini Stefano at 11'21''
  6. Totschnig Georg at 11'33'' - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  7. Rebellin Davide at 13'15'' - 2008 : positive control
  8. Peron Andrea at 14'46'' - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
  9. Julich Bobby at 15'10'' - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  10. Escartin Fernando at 18'35''
  11. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio at 19'19'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  12. Jimenez José-maria at 20'19'' - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  13. Gianetti Mauro at 21'15''
  14. Clavero Sebastian Daniel at 21'49'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
  15. Nardello Daniele at 22'37''
  16. Bobrik Vladislav at 26'00''
  17. Merckx Axel at 27'34'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  18. Mauleon Javier at 27'38''
  19. Jalabert Laurent at 27'44'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  20. Meinert-nielsen Peter at 29'56'' - 1993 : positive control
  21. Chanteur Pascal at 31'21'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  22. Jeker Fabian at 32'21''
  23. Hundertmarck Kai at 32'28''
  24. Casero Angel at 35'09'' - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
  25. Apollonio Massimo at 37'48'' - 1998 : blood test
  26. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon at 41'35''
  27. Lecchi Angelo at 44'12''
  28. Aiarzaguena Urkidi Inaki at 45'52''
  29. Chaurreau Inigo at 46'04''
  30. Gougot Fabrice at 47'16''
  31. Zarrabeitia Mikel at 50'29''
  32. Mauri Melchior at 57'35''
  33. Blanco Gil Santiago at 1h02'28''
  34. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio at 1h03'50''
  35. Konyshev Dimitri at 1h06'03''
  36. Gonzales Arsenio at 1h06'14''
  37. Lietti Marco at 1h07'01''
  38. Solaun Solana César at 1h08'00'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  39. Cerezo Perales Francisco at 1h10'24''
  40. Den Bakker Maarten at 1h13'02''
  41. Zintchenko Andrei at 1h14'30''
  42. Abreu Campos Manuel at 1h16'19''
  43. Furlan Giorgio at 1h17'43'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  44. Hamburger Bo at 1h19'12'' - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  45. Moller Claus Michael at 1h23'40'' - 1999 : positive control
  46. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo at 1h24'14''
  47. Pascual Soler Manuel at 1h24'49''
  48. Pascual Rodriguez Javier at 1h25'34'' - 2003 : positive control
  49. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro at 1h27'32''
  50. Tebaldi Valerio at 1h28'41''
  51. Gonzalez Capilla Santos at 1h36'11'' - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
  52. Sanchez Garcia Antonio at 1h40'07''
  53. Arenas Gonzalez Juan-rodrigo at 1h41'44''
  54. Canzonieri Angelo at 1h43'04''
  55. Gainetdinov Rames at 1h45'24''
  56. Bugno Gianni at 1h47'09'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  57. Alonso Marino at 1h51'42''
  58. Audehm Gerd at 1h52'06''
  59. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio at 1h52'20''
  60. Cignali Daniele at 1h52'31''
  61. Livingston Kevin at 1h53'21'' - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  62. Gonzales De Galdeano Alvaro at 1h59'39'' - 2000 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  63. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 2h00'57''
  64. Zanini Stefano at 2h03'08'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  65. Rodriguez Garcia José at 2h04'51''
  66. Plaza David at 2h05'10''
  67. Werner Jurgen at 2h08'16''
  68. Dal Sie Roberto at 2h15'40''
  69. Pascual Llorente Javier at 2h16'22'' - 2003 : positive control
  70. Lopez Uriarte Oscar at 2h22'09''
  71. Zanette Denis at 2h24'01'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
  72. Dominguez Juan-carlos at 2h25'09'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2006 : blood test
  73. Celestino Mirko at 2h25'13''
  74. Valoti Paolo at 2h26'00''
  75. Odriozola Mugarza Jon at 2h28'26'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  76. Hodge Stephen at 2h34'06'' - 1991 : confessions in 2012
  77. Leysen Bart at 2h35'13''
  78. Hoffman Tristan at 2h37'35''
  79. Laiseka Jaoi Roberto at 2h38'42''
  80. Wesemann Steffen at 2h39'05''
  81. Pavanello Luca at 2h39'18''
  82. Pereira De Andrade Joaquim Adrego at 2h40'26''
  83. Locatelli Martial at 2h43'05''
  84. Kummer Mario at 2h43'35'' - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  85. Edo Angel at 2h44'08'' - 1998 : blood test
  86. Steels Tom at 2h44'50'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  87. Gallorini Sauro at 2h45'42''
  88. Politano Antonio at 2h46'00''
  89. Mori Massimiliano at 2h46'08'' - 2003 : fraud
  90. Agnolutto Christophe at 2h46'39''
  91. Garcia Camacho Ignacio at 2h47'31''
  92. Smetanine Serguei at 2h55'34''
  93. Paluan Andrea at 2h57'47'' - 2009 : positive control
  94. Cabello Francisco at 2h58'42'' - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  95. Guenetxea Sasiain Asier at 2h58'44''
  96. Minali Nicola at 2h58'46'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  97. Brignoli Ermanno at 2h59'42'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  98. Johnsen Lars-christian at 3h00'40''
  99. Hvastija Martin at 3h01'02'' - 2001 : in the act
  100. Blijlevens Jeroen at 3h01'32'' - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  101. Petacchi Alessandro at 3h02'16'' - 2007 : positive control
  102. Di Renzo Marco-antonio at 3h05'33''
  103. Cordes Tom at 3h06'19''
  104. Vona Franco at 3h06'49''
  105. Di Silvestro Lorenzo at 3h07'28''
  106. Gonzales De Galdeano Igor at 3h09'15'' - 2002 : positive control
  107. Citterio Giuseppe at 3h10'10'' - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
  108. Mcrae Chann at 3h10'23''
  109. Calzavara Leonardo at 3h17'39''
  110. Brognara Andrea at 3h27'05''
  111. Dante Stefano at 3h29'56''
  112. Recanati Juri at 3h33'19''
  113. Aranguren Armino Oscar at 3h36'30''
  114. Miguelanez Joaquim at 3h44'37''
  115. Redant Hendrik at 3h52'40''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Pistore Roberto
  2. Faustini Stefano
  3. Escartin Fernando
  4. Gianetti Mauro
  5. Nardello Daniele
  6. Bobrik Vladislav
  7. Mauleon Javier
  8. Jeker Fabian
  9. Hundertmarck Kai
  10. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon
  11. Lecchi Angelo
  12. Aiarzaguena Urkidi Inaki
  13. Chaurreau Inigo
  14. Gougot Fabrice
  15. Zarrabeitia Mikel
  16. Mauri Melchior
  17. Blanco Gil Santiago
  18. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
  19. Konyshev Dimitri
  20. Gonzales Arsenio
  21. Lietti Marco
  22. Cerezo Perales Francisco
  23. Den Bakker Maarten
  24. Zintchenko Andrei
  25. Abreu Campos Manuel
  26. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
  27. Pascual Soler Manuel
  28. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
  29. Tebaldi Valerio
  30. Sanchez Garcia Antonio
  31. Arenas Gonzalez Juan-rodrigo
  32. Canzonieri Angelo
  33. Gainetdinov Rames
  34. Alonso Marino
  35. Audehm Gerd
  36. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio
  37. Cignali Daniele
  38. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  39. Rodriguez Garcia José
  40. Plaza David
  41. Werner Jurgen
  42. Dal Sie Roberto
  43. Lopez Uriarte Oscar
  44. Celestino Mirko
  45. Valoti Paolo
  46. Leysen Bart
  47. Hoffman Tristan
  48. Laiseka Jaoi Roberto
  49. Wesemann Steffen
  50. Pavanello Luca
  51. Pereira De Andrade Joaquim Adrego
  52. Locatelli Martial
  53. Gallorini Sauro
  54. Politano Antonio
  55. Agnolutto Christophe
  56. Garcia Camacho Ignacio
  57. Smetanine Serguei
  58. Guenetxea Sasiain Asier
  59. Johnsen Lars-christian
  60. Di Renzo Marco-antonio
  61. Cordes Tom
  62. Vona Franco
  63. Di Silvestro Lorenzo
  64. Mcrae Chann
  65. Calzavara Leonardo
  66. Brognara Andrea
  67. Dante Stefano
  68. Recanati Juri
  69. Aranguren Armino Oscar
  70. Miguelanez Joaquim
  71. Redant Hendrik



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

ONCE

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

1. Jalabert Laurent - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
2. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
3. Diaz Zabala Herminio
4. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
5. Mauri Melchior
6. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
7. Stephens Neil - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
8. Zarrabeitia Mikel
9. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)

AKI

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

11. Konyshev Dimitri
12. Faustini Stefano
13. Citterio Giuseppe - 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)
14. Colombo Luca - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
15. Zanette Denis - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
16. Gorini Gianluca
17. Vona Franco
18. Pavanello Luca
19. Dal Sie Roberto

Banesto

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

21. Indurain Miguel - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
22. Casero Angel - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
23. Blanco Gil Santiago
24. Nijboer Erwin
25. Gonzalez Arrieta José-ramon
26. Jimenez José-maria - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
27. Aparicio Vicente
28. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
29. Alonso Marino

Cantina Tollo

31. Dante Stefano
32. Di Renzo Marco-antonio
33. Gentili Massimiliano
34. Paluan Andrea - 2009 : positive control
35. Pierdomenico Germano
36. Hvastija Martin - 2001 : in the act
37. Di Silvestro Lorenzo
38. Recanati Juri
39. Valoti Paolo

Euskadi

41. Garcia Marquina David
42. Gonzales De Galdeano Alvaro - 2000 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
43. Solaun Solana César - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
44. Lopez Uriarte Oscar
45. Gonzales De Galdeano Igor - 2002 : positive control
46. Guenetxea Sasiain Asier
47. Laiseka Jaoi Roberto
48. Gonzalez De Heredia Inigo
49. Aiarzaguena Urkidi Inaki

Gewiss

51. Bobrik Vladislav
52. Minali Nicola - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
53. Zanini Stefano - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
54. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
55. Brignoli Ermanno - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
56. Odriozola Mugarza Jon - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
57. Bottaro Dario
58. Cerioli Ivan
59. Brognara Andrea

Kelme

61. Escartin Fernando
62. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
63. Cabello Francisco - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
64. Garcia Camacho Ignacio
65. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
66. Gonzalez Capilla Santos - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
67. Dominguez Juan-carlos - 1998 : blood test ; 2006 : blood test
68. Rodriguez Garcia José
69. Edo Angel - 1998 : blood test

Festina

12 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 2,17 per year

71. Dufaux Laurent - 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
72. Arenas Gonzalez Juan-rodrigo
73. Goubert Stéphane
74. Hodge Stephen - 1991 : confessions in 2012
75. Jeker Fabian
76. Lebreton Lylian - 1994 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1996 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
77. Plaza David
78. Martin Yvan
79. Tebaldi Valerio

Maia

81. Abreu Campos Manuel
82. Pereira De Andrade Joaquim Adrego
83. Azevedo José Bento
84. Barroso Paulo
85. Felgueiras Ricardo
86. Ferreira Paulo
87. Sampaio Campos Joaquim Alberto
88. Silva Joao
89. Rodriguez Gil Manuel

Mapei

27 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 0,93 per year

91. Rominger Tony - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
92. Gonzales Arsenio
93. Mauleon Javier
94. Bortolami Gianluca - 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
95. Unzaga Bombin Jon
96. Leysen Bart
97. Pena Miguel Angel
98. Nardello Daniele
99. Steels Tom - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

MG

101. Baldato Fabio
102. Bugno Gianni - 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
103. Loda Nicola - 1999 : positive control
104. Rodriguez Gil Manuel
105. Lecchi Angelo
106. Lietti Marco
107. Molinari Maurizio
108. Pistore Roberto
109. Ferdeghini Lorenzo

Motorola

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

111. Julich Bobby - 1996 : confessions in 2012 ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
112. Livingston Kevin - 1999 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1997 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
113. Merckx Axel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
114. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
115. Ozers Kaspar
116. Peron Andrea - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
117. Sciandri Maximilian - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
118. Van Heeswijk Max - 2006 : confessions in 2011 (no penalty)
119. Vanzella Flavio - 1986 : positive control

MX Onda

121. Wust Marcel
122. Cordes Tom
123. Moller Claus Michael - 1999 : positive control
124. Gamito Vitor Manuel
125. Cerezo Perales Francisco
126. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio
127. Vicario Barbera Juan-carlos
128. Espinosa Jose-antonio - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
129. Clavero Sebastian Daniel - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation

Casino

131. De Las Cuevas Armand - 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
132. Agnolutto Christophe
133. Locatelli Martial
134. Bessy Frédéric
135. Chanteur Pascal - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
136. Gougot Fabrice
137. Kasputis Arturas
138. Kirsipuu Jan - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
139. Mengin Christophe

Polti

18 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 0,44 per year

141. Rebellin Davide - 2008 : positive control
142. Gianetti Mauro
143. Lombardi Giovanni - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
144. Totschnig Georg - 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
145. Ouchakov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
146. Chaurreau Inigo
147. Crepaldi Mirko
148. Celestino Mirko
149. Calzavara Leonardo

Saeco

151. Casagrande Francesco - 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
152. Furlan Giorgio - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
153. Canzonieri Angelo
154. Mazzoleni Eddy - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act ; 2004 : positive control ; 2005 : police investigation
155. Politano Antonio
156. Sanchez Garcia Antonio
157. Pascual Soler Manuel
158. Lelli Massimiliano
159. Mori Massimiliano - 2003 : fraud

Porcelena Santa Clara

4 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,25 per year

161. Gainetdinov Rames
162. Aranguren Armino Oscar
163. Vaughters Jonathan - 1996 : confessions in 2012 (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 2012 (no penalty)
164. Mcrae Chann
165. Miguelanez Joaquim
166. Pascual Rodriguez Javier - 2003 : positive control
167. Pascual Llorente Javier - 2003 : positive control
168. Smetanine Serguei
169. Zintchenko Andrei

Scrigno

171. Vatteroni Andrea
172. Casarotto Davide
173. Rossato Mirko
174. Cignali Daniele
175. Gallorini Sauro
176. Barbagli Alessio
177. Conte Biagio
178. Apollonio Massimo - 1998 : blood test
179. Petacchi Alessandro - 2007 : positive control

Telekom

181. Andersson Michel
182. Dietz Bert - 1994 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
183. Kummer Mario - 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
184. Meinert-nielsen Peter - 1993 : positive control
185. Wesemann Steffen
186. Audehm Gerd
187. Hundertmarck Kai
188. Lafis Michel
189. Werner Jurgen

TVM

191. Den Bakker Maarten
192. Hamburger Bo - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
193. Hoffman Tristan
194. Johnsen Lars-christian
195. Redant Hendrik
196. Blijlevens Jeroen - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
197. Pulnikov Vladimir
198. Skibby Jesper - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
199. Voskamp Bertus - 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)



See also