Tour of Spain 1978 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 13/05/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
KAS 10 6 4 1 1 0
Splendor 10 1 0 0 0 0
Transmallorca 10 3 0 0 0 0
Renault 10 5 2 2 2 2
Shimano 10 1 0 0 0 0
Novostil 10 2 1 0 0 0
Marc 10 3 2 1 0 0
Safir 10 0 0 0 0 0
Italia 10 2 0 0 0 0
Teka 10 5 1 1 0 0
Total 100 28 10 5 3 2
Pourcentage 28% 50% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (21/10/2010)

  1. Hinault Bernard in 85h24'14'' - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
  2. Pesarrodona José at 03'02''
  3. Bernaudeau Jean-rené at 03'47'' - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)
  4. Garcia Eulalio at 04'23'' - 1978 : fraud
  5. Schipper Jos at 04'28''
  6. Van Den Haute Ferdi at 05'52'' - 1982 : positive control
  7. Nazabal José at 06'12'' - 1978 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  8. Martinez Heredia Enrique at 06'53''
  9. Aja Gonzalo at 10'22''
  10. Lopez-carril Vicenteh
  11. Oliva Andrès at 14'39''
  12. Pozo Sebastian at 16'48'' - 1977 : absence to control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  13. Alfonsel Bernardo at 20'18''
  14. Esparza Manuel at 20'43'' - 1979 : positive control
  15. Chaumaz Gilbert at 20'57'' - 1979 : positive control ; 1979 : absence to control
  16. Gandarias Andres at 21'23''
  17. Cupperi Vincenzo at 21'54''
  18. Mayoz José-luis at 22'55''
  19. Fernandez Blanco Alberto at 24'04'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1981 : positive control ; 1982 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control
  20. Martins José at 24'41'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  21. Belda Vicente at 26'23'' - 1982 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  22. Perurena Domingo at 27'55'' - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  23. Perez Moreno Félix at 32'53''
  24. Fernandez Moreno Francisco at 33'19'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  25. Teirlinck Willy at 33'20'' - 1977 : positive control
  26. Gonzales Antonio at 37'11''
  27. Elorriaga Javier at 39'07''
  28. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe at 40'00''
  29. Muzuela Custodio at 42'38''
  30. Gonzales-linares José-antonio at 43'50'' - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
  31. Conti Franco at 44'54''
  32. Greciano Anastasio at 49'00''
  33. Ocana Carlos at 52'30''
  34. Colombo Annunzio at 53'06'' - 1977 : positive control
  35. Vandenbrande Hendrik "henri" at 54'06''
  36. Becaas Bernard at 54'47''
  37. Passuello Giuseppe at 55'18''
  38. Didier Lucien at 58'16'' - 1982 : positive control
  39. Ordiales Luis-alberto at 58'42'' - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
  40. Tinchella Daniele at 59'43'' - 1976 : positive control
  41. Lopez Del Alamo Angel at 1h00'32''
  42. Melero Carlos at 1h03'00'' - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
  43. Bellet Maurizio at 1h03'24''
  44. Berland Roland at 1h04'46''
  45. Sobradillo Feliciano at 1h07'46''
  46. Quilfen Bernard at 1h09'35''
  47. Chalmel André at 1h15'38''
  48. Pizzini Leone at 1h19'10'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  49. Maccali Salvatore at 1h22'35''
  50. Cluzaud Patrick at 1h28'20''
  51. Schepmans Benny at 1h34'50''
  52. Paleari Ignazio at 1h36'27''
  53. Lefevere Patrick at 1h38'42'' - 197x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  54. Van Katwijk Fons at 1h43'40''
  55. Mccormack Alan at 1h44'44''
  56. Abad Antonio at 1h46'55''
  57. Dierickx Marc at 1h49'00''
  58. Sprangers Willy at 1h54'39''
  59. Delcroix André at 1h55'31''
  60. Sorlini Roberto at 1h56'38''
  61. Rossi Tullio at 2h01'15''
  62. Groen Roelof at 2h07'48''
  63. Scheers Willy at 2h39'18''
  64. Wuyckens René at 2h40'40''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Pesarrodona José
  2. Schipper Jos
  3. Martinez Heredia Enrique
  4. Aja Gonzalo
  5. Lopez-carril Vicente
  6. Oliva Andrès
  7. Alfonsel Bernardo
  8. Gandarias Andres
  9. Cupperi Vincenzo
  10. Mayoz José-luis
  11. Perez Moreno Félix
  12. Gonzales Antonio
  13. Elorriaga Javier
  14. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
  15. Muzuela Custodio
  16. Conti Franco
  17. Greciano Anastasio
  18. Ocana Carlos
  19. Vandenbrande Hendrik "henri"
  20. Becaas Bernard
  21. Passuello Giuseppe
  22. Lopez Del Alamo Angel
  23. Bellet Maurizio
  24. Berland Roland
  25. Sobradillo Feliciano
  26. Quilfen Bernard
  27. Chalmel André
  28. Maccali Salvatore
  29. Cluzaud Patrick
  30. Schepmans Benny
  31. Paleari Ignazio
  32. Van Katwijk Fons
  33. Mccormack Alan
  34. Abad Antonio
  35. Dierickx Marc
  36. Sprangers Willy
  37. Delcroix André
  38. Sorlini Roberto
  39. Rossi Tullio
  40. Groen Roelof
  41. Scheers Willy
  42. Wuyckens René



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

KAS

22 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,45 per year

1. Gonzales-linares José-antonio - 1967 : positive control ; 1971 : positive control
2. Perurena Domingo - 1971 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
3. Lopez-carril Vicente
4. Cupperi Vincenzo
5. Nazabal José - 1978 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
6. Martinez Heredia Enrique
7. Viejo José-luis - 1975 : positive control
8. Pozo Sebastian - 1977 : absence to control ; 1977 : positive control ; 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
9. Suarez Cueva Jésus - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
10. Pesarrodona José

Splendor

11. Bracke Ferdinand - 1972 : positive control (sanction not known)
12. Van Den Broeck Eddy
13. Bellet Maurizio
14. Scheers Willy
15. Mccormack Alan
16. Schroyens Wim
17. Van Der Veken Johnny
18. Draux Bernard
19. Jimenez Giovanni-josé
20. Dalgal Walter

Transmallorca

36 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,72 per year

21. Garcia Garcia Jose-manuel
22. Moya Roque
23. Ordiales Luis-alberto - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
24. Gonzales Antonio
25. Ocana Carlos
26. Tinchella Daniele - 1976 : positive control
27. Belda Vicente - 1982 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
28. Vila Ramon
29. Llido-blas Domingo-rodrigo
30. Benajam Fernando

Renault

24 years of existence, 21 cases, ie 0,88 per year

31. Hinault Bernard - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty)
32. Teirlinck Willy - 1977 : positive control
33. Berland Roland
34. Chaumaz Gilbert - 1979 : positive control ; 1979 : absence to control
35. Quilfen Bernard
36. Didier Lucien - 1982 : positive control
37. Becaas Bernard
38. Cluzaud Patrick
39. Chalmel André
40. Bernaudeau Jean-rené - 1982 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1985 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty) ; 1986 : absence to control (sanction not known)

Shimano

41. Bal Cees - 1976 : positive control
42. Den Hertog Nidi
43. Keller Fridolin
44. Prinsen Ad
45. Bouckaert Ronald
46. Demierre Serge
47. Breur Jan
48. Schutz Horst
49. Moritz Co
50. Groen Roelof

Novostil

2 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,5 per year

51. Abad Antonio
52. Gandarias Andres
53. Muzuela Custodio
54. Aja Gonzalo
55. Juarez Isidro - 1979 : positive control
56. Greciano Anastasio
57. Fernandez Blanco Alberto - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1981 : positive control ; 1982 : positive control ; 1983 : positive control
58. Lopez Del Alamo Angel
59. Suarez Felix
60. Sobradillo Feliciano

Marc

7 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,29 per year

61. Van Den Haute Ferdi - 1982 : positive control
62. Leman Luc
63. Schipper Jos
64. Van Katwijk Fons
65. Delcroix André
66. Lefevere Patrick - 197x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
67. Dierickx Marc
68. Malfait Geert - 1975 : positive control
69. Cuyle Carlos
70. Demeyer Marc

Safir

12 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,17 per year

71. Schepmans Benny
72. Vandenbrande Hendrik "henri"
73. De Neef Peter
74. Sprangers Willy
75. De Smet Marc
76. Van Thielen Leo
77. Berkenbosch Luc
78. Matheussen Geert
79. Wuyckens René
80. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe

Italia

81. Passuello Giuseppe
82. Conti Franco
83. Colombo Annunzio - 1977 : positive control
84. Rossi Tullio
85. Maccali Salvatore
86. Paleari Ignazio
87. Sorlini Roberto
88. Cipollini Cesare
89. Pizzini Leone - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
90. Bonini Antonio

Teka

15 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1,2 per year

91. Melero Carlos - 1974 : positive control ; 1977 : positive control
92. Mayoz José-luis
93. Perez Moreno Félix
94. Oliva Andrès
95. Fernandez Moreno Francisco - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
96. Alfonsel Bernardo
97. Esparza Manuel - 1979 : positive control
98. Martins José - 1979 : positive control (sanction not known)
99. Elorriaga Javier
100. Garcia Eulalio - 1978 : fraud



See also