Tour of Spain 1992 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 06/07/2019

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
ONCE 9 5 0 0 0 0
Buckler 9 1 1 1 0 0
Banesto 9 3 1 1 1 1
Carrera 8 2 0 0 0 0
Clas 9 3 3 2 1 1
PDM 9 2 1 0 0 0
Amaya 9 2 3 1 1 0
TVM 9 4 0 0 0 0
Artiach 9 1 0 0 0 0
Gatorade 9 2 1 0 0 0
Seur 9 3 0 0 0 0
Collstrop 9 3 0 0 0 0
Lotus 9 1 0 0 0 0
GB-MG 9 1 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 3 0 0 0 0
Puertas Mavisa 9 0 0 0 0 0
Wigarma 9 0 0 0 0 0
Ryalcao 9 1 0 0 0 0
Sicasal 9 0 0 0 0 0
Mercatone Uno 9 3 0 0 0 0
Russ 8 0 0 0 0 0
Total 187 40 10 5 3 2
Pourcentage 21,39% 50% 66,67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other statistics :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (16/10/2010)

  1. Rominger Tony in 96h14'50'' - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  2. Montoya Alarcon Jesus at 01'04''
  3. Delgado Pedro at 01'42'' - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
  4. Giovannetti Marco at 05'19''
  5. Echave Musatadi Federico at 05'34'' - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
  6. Cubino Laudelino at 06'24'' - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  7. Parra Fabio at 07'24''
  8. Alcala Gallegos Raul at 12'50''
  9. Mauleon Javier at 15'44''
  10. Rooks Steven at 18'57'' - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
  11. Theunisse Gert-jan at 19'41'' - 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control
  12. Ruiz Cabestany Pello at 21'55''
  13. Camargo Alberto at 22'39''
  14. Roche Stephen at 22'40''
  15. Bruyneel Johan at 22'48'' - 199x : judicial investigation
  16. Buenahora Hernan at 25'24'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  17. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus at 25'32''
  18. Ugrumov Piotr at 25'36'' - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  19. Corredor Alvarez Edgar at 27'57''
  20. Millar Robert at 19'39'' - 1992 : positive control
  21. Rodriguez Hernand. Fabio at 31'34''
  22. Hernandez Carlos at 34'39''
  23. Unzaga Bombin Jon at 36'26''
  24. Gonzales Arsenio at 37'06''
  25. Perez Garcia Luis at 37'31''
  26. Hodge Stephen at 37'41'' - 1991 : confessions in 2012
  27. Breukink Erik at 40'06''
  28. De Vries Gerrit at 40'54''
  29. Mejia Alvaro at 41'37'' - 1987 : positive control
  30. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar at 47'09''
  31. Murguialday Javier at 52'46''
  32. Kasputis Arturas at 53'59''
  33. Ivanov Ivan at 56'02''
  34. Quevedo Salazar Fernando at 57'15''
  35. Mora Zarate Nestor at 1h00'52''
  36. Arroyo Miguel at 1h01'30''
  37. Miranda Carmelo at 1h05'33''
  38. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin at 1h05'43'' - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
  39. Hernandez Calvo Santos at 1h07'00''
  40. Pedrero Serrano José at 1h08'20''
  41. Ripoll Jover José-andres at 1h08'35''
  42. Maier Harald at 1h09'56''
  43. Chozas Eduardo at 1h14'22''
  44. Pulnikov Vladimir at 1h17'04''
  45. Vieira De Araujo Serafim at 1h21'58''
  46. Garmendia Aitor at 1h22'41'' - 1998 : blood test
  47. Tebaldi Valerio at 1h24'00''
  48. Hamburger Bo at 1h25'33'' - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  49. San Roman Martin Francisco Ignacio at 1h25'51''
  50. Gorospe Julian at 1h27'52'' - 1984 : positive control
  51. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 1h29'43''
  52. Pillon Laurent at 1h30'42''
  53. Zaina Enrico at 1h30'48''
  54. Vargas Restrepo Oscar at 1h21'50''
  55. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues at 1h32'32''
  56. Camarillo Angel at 1h34'34''
  57. Ouslamine Serguei at 1h39'38''
  58. Dominguez Diaz Manuel-jorge at 1h29'49'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  59. Rodriguez Rodrig. Jesus at 1h40'58''
  60. Torres Roberto at 1h41'15''
  61. Raab Uwe at 1h44'13'' - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
  62. Bontempi Guido at 1h44'50'' - 1987 : positive control
  63. De Santos Arribas José-luis at 1h45'52''
  64. Halupczok Joachim at 1h46'13''
  65. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio at 1h48'41''
  66. Stephens Neil at 1h50'04'' - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
  67. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel at 1h52'37''
  68. Llach Joaquim at 1h53'29''
  69. Emonds Nico at 1h54'25'' - 1990 : positive control ; 1995 : positive control
  70. Mota Dos Santos Fernando at 1h55'03''
  71. Ciplijauskas Naglis at 1h56'20''
  72. Saitov Asiate at 1h59'32''
  73. Rodriguez Magro Jesus at 1h59'50''
  74. Martin Perez Jesus-cruz at 2h00'55''
  75. Martinez Oliver Juan at 2h04'22''
  76. Pascual Soler Manuel at 2h06'25''
  77. Martin Robleda Juan-ramon at 2h06'31''
  78. Haghedooren Paul at 2h06'38'' - 1988 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1990 : positive control (no penalty)
  79. Suykerbuyk Luc at 2h07'05''
  80. Cordes Tom at 2h08'38''
  81. Dulas Andrzej at 2h08'41''
  82. Neves Da Silva Americo at 2h10'14''
  83. Romero Ruiz Juan at 2h13'50''
  84. Cordoba Asensi Roberto at 2h14'40''
  85. Galitchanine Nikolai at 2h14'41''
  86. Bordonali Fabio at 2h17'46''
  87. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 2h17'49'' - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  88. Leali Bruno at 2h18'01'' - 2010 : police investigation
  89. Rodriguez Garcia José at 2h18'15''
  90. Urea José at 2h18'55'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  91. Pinero Gallego Fernando at 2h19'11''
  92. Sunderland Scott at 2h20'16''
  93. Alonso Marino at 2h20'52''
  94. Pellicioli Oscar at 2h22'35''
  95. Gonzalez Minano Bernardo at 2h12'59'' - 1992 : positive control
  96. Lezaun-zubiria Roberto at 2h26'13''
  97. Pereira De Andrade Joaquim Adrego at 2h26'30''
  98. Tafi Andrea at 2h28'09'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  99. Toukhvatouline Roustam at 2h28'45''
  100. Klimov Viktor at 2h29'24''
  101. Giupponi Flavio at 2h29'39'' - 1988 : absence to control
  102. Garcia Melia Federico at 2h31'23''
  103. Nijdam Jelle at 2h32'18''
  104. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel at 2h32'27''
  105. Pedersen Per at 2h37'57'' - 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  106. Bouillon Marc at 2h39'45'' - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  107. Gonzalez Salvador Juan-carlos at 2h40'12''
  108. Harmeling Rob at 2h40'43''
  109. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio at 2h42'49''
  110. Lysenko Alexandre at 2h44'20''
  111. Scirea Mario at 2h45'38'' - 2004 : in the act
  112. Moreda Garcia Tizon Casimiro at 2h46'40''
  113. Djavanian Viatcheslav at 2h49'08''
  114. Elliott Malcolm at 2h49'43'' - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  115. Van Hooydonck Edwig at 2h52'29''
  116. Mulders Rob at 2h53'02''
  117. Chiesa Mario at 2h53'41''
  118. Verhoeven Nico at 2h54'17''
  119. Pereira De Jesus Carlos Manuel at 2h55'27''
  120. Pacheco Saez José-fernando at 2h55'46''
  121. Zanatta Stefano at 2h56'06''
  122. Van Poppel Jean-paul at 2h56'18''
  123. Nijboer Erwin at 3h00'27''
  124. Guijarro Domenech Manuel at 3h01'17''
  125. Bottaro Dario at 3h02'19''
  126. Martinello Silvio at 3h03'16''
  127. Wegmuller Thomas at 3h04'23''
  128. Siemons Jan at 3h06'25''
  129. De Muynck Klaus at 3h07'24''
  130. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso at 3h11'53''
  131. Vanderaerden Eric at 3h15'21''
  132. Pelliconi Roberto at 3h19'41''
  133. Kokkelkoren Martien at 3h23'02''
  134. Verstrepen Johan at 3h26'38''
  135. Jakobs Gert at 3h31'40'' - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
  136. Solleveld Gerrit at 3h39'14''
  137. Rossi Remo at 3h47'55''
  138. Esparza Sanz Antonio at 4h09'16''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
  2. Giovannetti Marco
  3. Parra Fabio
  4. Alcala Gallegos Raul
  5. Mauleon Javier
  6. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
  7. Camargo Alberto
  8. Roche Stephen
  9. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus
  10. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
  11. Rodriguez Hernand. Fabio
  12. Hernandez Carlos
  13. Unzaga Bombin Jon
  14. Gonzales Arsenio
  15. Perez Garcia Luis
  16. Breukink Erik
  17. De Vries Gerrit
  18. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
  19. Murguialday Javier
  20. Kasputis Arturas
  21. Ivanov Ivan
  22. Quevedo Salazar Fernando
  23. Mora Zarate Nestor
  24. Arroyo Miguel
  25. Miranda Carmelo
  26. Hernandez Calvo Santos
  27. Pedrero Serrano José
  28. Ripoll Jover José-andres
  29. Maier Harald
  30. Chozas Eduardo
  31. Pulnikov Vladimir
  32. Vieira De Araujo Serafim
  33. Tebaldi Valerio
  34. San Roman Martin Francisco Ignacio
  35. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  36. Pillon Laurent
  37. Zaina Enrico
  38. Vargas Restrepo Oscar
  39. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues
  40. Camarillo Angel
  41. Ouslamine Serguei
  42. Rodriguez Rodrig. Jesus
  43. Torres Roberto
  44. De Santos Arribas José-luis
  45. Halupczok Joachim
  46. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
  47. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel
  48. Llach Joaquim
  49. Mota Dos Santos Fernando
  50. Ciplijauskas Naglis
  51. Saitov Asiate
  52. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
  53. Martin Perez Jesus-cruz
  54. Martinez Oliver Juan
  55. Pascual Soler Manuel
  56. Martin Robleda Juan-ramon
  57. Suykerbuyk Luc
  58. Cordes Tom
  59. Dulas Andrzej
  60. Neves Da Silva Americo
  61. Romero Ruiz Juan
  62. Cordoba Asensi Roberto
  63. Galitchanine Nikolai
  64. Bordonali Fabio
  65. Rodriguez Garcia José
  66. Pinero Gallego Fernando
  67. Sunderland Scott
  68. Alonso Marino
  69. Pellicioli Oscar
  70. Lezaun-zubiria Roberto
  71. Pereira De Andrade Joaquim Adrego
  72. Toukhvatouline Roustam
  73. Klimov Viktor
  74. Garcia Melia Federico
  75. Nijdam Jelle
  76. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel
  77. Gonzalez Salvador Juan-carlos
  78. Harmeling Rob
  79. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio
  80. Lysenko Alexandre
  81. Moreda Garcia Tizon Casimiro
  82. Djavanian Viatcheslav
  83. Van Hooydonck Edwig
  84. Mulders Rob
  85. Chiesa Mario
  86. Verhoeven Nico
  87. Pereira De Jesus Carlos Manuel
  88. Pacheco Saez José-fernando
  89. Zanatta Stefano
  90. Van Poppel Jean-paul
  91. Nijboer Erwin
  92. Guijarro Domenech Manuel
  93. Bottaro Dario
  94. Martinello Silvio
  95. Wegmuller Thomas
  96. Siemons Jan
  97. De Muynck Klaus
  98. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
  99. Vanderaerden Eric
  100. Pelliconi Roberto
  101. Kokkelkoren Martien
  102. Verstrepen Johan
  103. Solleveld Gerrit
  104. Rossi Remo
  105. Esparza Sanz Antonio



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

ONCE

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

1. Mauri Melchior
2. Bruyneel Johan - 199x : judicial investigation
3. Diaz Zabala Herminio
4. Fuerte Abelenda Anselmo
5. Hodge Stephen - 1991 : confessions in 2012
6. Llaneras Joan - 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
7. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel
8. Stephens Neil - 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
9. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)

Buckler

36 years of existence, 14 cases, ie 0,39 per year

11. Rooks Steven - 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
12. Van Hooydonck Edwig
13. Nijdam Jelle
14. Vanderaerden Eric
15. De Vries Gerrit
16. Solleveld Gerrit
17. Kokkelkoren Martien
18. Robeet Patrick
19. Mulders Rob

Banesto

40 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,72 per year

21. Delgado Pedro - 1988 : positive control (no penalty)
22. Alonso Marino
23. De Santos Arribas José-luis
24. Garmendia Aitor - 1998 : blood test
25. Gorospe Julian - 1984 : positive control
26. Lezaun-zubiria Roberto
27. Philipot Fabrice
28. Rodriguez Magro Jesus
29. San Roman Martin Francisco Ignacio

Carrera

31. Roche Stephen
33. Bontempi Guido - 1987 : positive control
34. Rossi Remo
35. Pulnikov Vladimir
36. Chiesa Mario
37. Cardenas Ordus Henry
38. Tafi Andrea - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
39. Teteriouk Andrei

Clas

6 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,33 per year

41. Rominger Tony - 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
42. Camarillo Angel
43. Dominguez Diaz Manuel-jorge - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
44. Echave Musatadi Federico - 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
45. Rodriguez Hernand. Fabio
46. Gaston Crespi Inaki
47. Gonzales Arsenio
48. Mauleon Javier
49. Unzaga Bombin Jon

PDM

51. Alcala Gallegos Raul
52. Breukink Erik
53. Cordes Tom
54. Jakobs Gert - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1991 : positive control
55. Maier Harald
56. Raab Uwe - 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
57. Talen John
58. Van Poppel Jean-paul
59. Verhoeven Nico

Amaya

15 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,67 per year

61. Cubino Laudelino - 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
62. Antequera Francisco
63. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
64. Murguialday Javier
65. Parra Fabio
66. Pedersen Per - 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
67. Quevedo Salazar Fernando
68. Romero Ruiz Juan
69. Vargas Restrepo Oscar

TVM

25 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 1 per year

71. Theunisse Gert-jan - 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control
72. Hamburger Bo - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
73. Harmeling Rob
74. Konyshev Dimitri
75. Sunderland Scott
76. Millar Robert - 1992 : positive control
77. Siemons Jan
78. Skibby Jesper - 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
79. Ouslamine Serguei

Artiach

12 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,25 per year

81. Chozas Eduardo
82. Gutierrez Gutierrez Alfonso
83. Laguia Martinez José-luis - 1983 : positive control
84. Hernandez Calvo Santos
85. Nijboer Erwin
86. Llach Joaquim
87. Pascual Soler Manuel
88. Miranda Carmelo
89. Neves Da Silva Americo

Gatorade

91. Giovannetti Marco
92. Ruiz Cabestany Pello
93. Verdonck Rudy
94. Zanatta Stefano
95. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
96. Pellicioli Oscar
97. Chiurato Andrea
98. Tebaldi Valerio
99. Santaromita Mauro-antonio - 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)

Seur

24 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,25 per year

101. Ugrumov Piotr - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
102. Ivanov Ivan
103. Klimov Viktor
104. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio
105. Elliott Malcolm - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
106. Rodriguez Garcia José
107. Chujda Petrov. Oleg
108. Urea José - 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
109. Garcia Melia Federico

Collstrop

111. Heynderickx Jean-pierre
112. Haghedooren Paul - 1988 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1990 : positive control (no penalty)
113. Bouillon Marc - 1996 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
114. Verbeken Peter
115. Beelen Daniel
116. Botteldoorn Nick
117. Lapage Lorenzo - 2002 : positive control
118. Wijnants Jan
119. De Muynck Klaus

Lotus

121. Richard Pascal
122. Wegmuller Thomas
123. Hermans Mathieu - 1989 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
124. Suykerbuyk Luc
125. Hernandez Carlos
126. Torres Roberto
127. Pinero Gallego Fernando
128. Perez Garcia Luis
129. Pagnin Roberto

GB-MG

7 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,43 per year

131. Ballerini Franco - 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
132. Jacobs Patrick
133. Arroyo Miguel
134. Baldato Fabio
135. Halupczok Joachim
136. Willems Ludwig
137. Pillon Laurent
138. Rocchi Edoardo
139. Verstrepen Johan

Kelme

36 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,72 per year

141. Rincon Quintana Oliveiro
142. Farfan Pulido Jose Martin - 1989 : positive control (sanction not known)
143. Mora Zarate Nestor
144. Diaz Rodriguez Antonio-miguel
145. Saitov Asiate
146. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
147. Martinez Oliver Juan
148. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
149. Gonzalez Minano Bernardo - 1992 : positive control

Puertas Mavisa

151. Claramount Gallar. Francisco
152. Diaz Diaz Josè Luis
153. Gonzalez Salvador Juan-carlos
154. Guijarro Domenech Manuel
155. Iglesias Guerrero Miguel-angel
156. Martin Robleda Juan-ramon
157. Moreda Garcia Tizon Casimiro
158. Pedrero Serrano José
159. Rodriguez Rodrig. Jesus

Wigarma

161. Martinez De Guerenu Fernando
162. Guerricagoitia Enrique
163. Ripoll Jover José-andres
164. Esparza Sanz Antonio
165. Pacheco Saez José-fernando
166. Sarrapio Angel-josé
167. Guillen Gonzalez Juan
168. Cordoba Asensi Roberto
169. Martin Perez Jesus-cruz

Ryalcao

171. Herrera Luis
172. Mejia Alvaro - 1987 : positive control
173. Camargo Alberto
174. Palacios Navarro William De Jesus
175. Jaramillo Meza Carlos-maria
176. Kasputis Arturas
177. Lupeikis Remigius
178. Ciplijauskas Naglis
179. Cepele Arunas

Sicasal

181. Corredor Alvarez Edgar
182. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
183. Dulas Andrzej
184. Silva Rodrigues Silv. Pedro-manuel
185. Mota Dos Santos Fernando
186. Pereira De Andrade Joaquim Adrego
187. Da Silva Rodrigues Quintino Rodrigues
188. Pereira De Jesus Carlos Manuel
189. Vieira De Araujo Serafim

Mercatone Uno

191. Martinello Silvio
192. Pelliconi Roberto
193. Emonds Nico - 1990 : positive control ; 1995 : positive control
194. Zaina Enrico
195. Leali Bruno - 2010 : police investigation
196. Giupponi Flavio - 1988 : absence to control
197. Vandelli Maurizio
198. Bottaro Dario
199. Bordonali Fabio

Russ

201. Abdurakhmanov Alichere
202. Sapronov Valeri
203. Galitchanine Nikolai
204. Lysenko Alexandre
205. Ripa Oleg
206. Sitnov Andrei
208. Toukhvatouline Roustam
209. Djavanian Viatcheslav



See also