Tour of Spain 2001 : the real numbers of doping

The dirtiest Tour of Spain in history?
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Last update : 20/08/2022

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
US Postal 9 5 3 2 1 1
Alessio 9 5 0 0 0 0
iBanesto.com 9 4 2 0 0 0
Team Coast 9 5 1 0 0 0
Cofidis 9 4 0 0 0 0
Cantina Tollo 9 5 0 0 0 0
Domo 9 4 0 0 0 0
Euskaltel 9 2 0 0 0 0
Festina 9 2 2 1 1 1
Jazztel 9 3 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 6 1 1 1 1
Lampre 9 4 0 0 0 0
Mapei 9 5 0 0 0 0
Mercatone Uno 9 7 0 0 0 0
Milaneza 9 4 1 1 0 0
ONCE 9 5 0 0 0 0
Panaria 9 4 0 0 0 0
Rabobank 9 2 0 0 0 0
Fuenlabrada 9 2 0 0 0 0
Saeco 5 4 0 0 0 0
Total 176 82 10 5 3 3
Pourcentage 47% 50% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (11/10/2010)

  1. Casero Angel in 70h49'05'' - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
  2. Sevilla Oscar at 0h00'47'' - 2000 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2010 : positive control
  3. Leipheimer Levi at 0h02'59'' - 1996 : positive control ; 2000 : confessions in 2012
  4. Heras Roberto at 0h03'56'' - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
  5. Mercado Juan Miguel at 0h05'45''
  6. Plaza David at 0h05'53''
  7. Rubiera Vigil José-luis at 0h06'57''
  8. Moller Claus Michael at 0h07'13'' - 1999 : positive control
  9. Osa Aitor at 0h08'32''
  10. Escartin Fernando at 0h10'31''
  11. Mayo Iban at 0h12'58'' - 2007 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control
  12. Laiseka Jaoi Roberto at 0h13'32''
  13. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo at 0h14'00''
  14. Perez Rodriguez Luis at 0h20'07''
  15. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel at 0h21'01''
  16. Konecny Tomas at 0h23'32''
  17. Jimenez José-maria at 0h24'23'' - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  18. Botero Santiago at 0h25'01'' - 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  19. Beltran Manuel at 0h27'14'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
  20. Pellizotti Franco at 0h27'58'' - 2010 : biological passport
  21. Blanco Gil Santiago at 0h28'56''
  22. Osa Eizaguirre Unai at 0h33'30'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  23. Conti Roberto at 0h34'03'' - 2002 : in the act
  24. Virenque Richard at 0h38'45'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  25. Zarrabeitia Mikel at 0h39'06''
  26. Gomez Gonzalo José Javier at 0h40'30''
  27. Lavarinhas Rui at 0h47'18'' - 2003 : positive control ; 2005 : absence to control (no penalty)
  28. Martinez Trinidad José-alberto at 0h49'23''
  29. Figueras Giuliano at 0h49'56'' - 2001 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control
  30. Rebollo Jose-luis at 0h52'29''
  31. Zberg Beat at 0h53'37''
  32. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio at 0h55'38''
  33. Vicario Barbera Juan-carlos at 0h58'09''
  34. Baranowski Dariusz at 1h01'37''
  35. Cioni David-dario at 1h01'48'' - 2004 : positive control
  36. Simoni Gilberto at 1h02'00'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  37. Garate Juan-manuel at 1h02'19''
  38. Silva Joao at 1h04'13''
  39. Verheyen Geert at 1h05'37''
  40. Millar David at 1h07'25'' - 2003 : confessions in 2004
  41. Laguna Oscar at 1h10'45'' - 2005 : positive control
  42. Zubeldia Haimar at 1h11'01''
  43. Lelli Massimiliano at 1h11'03''
  44. Etxebarria David at 1h14'10'' - 2004 : positive control
  45. Clavero Sebastian Daniel at 1h15'44'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
  46. Fernandez Martinez Victoriano at 1h16'32'' - 2004 : positive control
  47. Atienza Daniel at 1h20'42''
  48. Pecharroman José Antonio at 1h20'46'' - 2007 : positive control
  49. Fernandez Bustinza Bingen at 1h22'06''
  50. Bruylandts Dave at 1h24'22'' - 2000 : blood test ; 2004 : positive control ; 2006 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  51. Vicioso Angel at 1h25'10'' - 2004 : judicial investigation and confessions
  52. Codol Massimo at 1h27'02'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  53. Diaz Justo Rafael at 1h27'41''
  54. Tauler Antonio at 1h27'52'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2010 : positive control (sanction not known)
  55. Pronk Matthe at 1h30'08''
  56. Fofonov Dimitri at 1h30'14'' - 2008 : positive controls (2 times)
  57. Farazijn Peter at 1h31'43'' - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  58. Giunti Massimo at 1h34'28'' - 2010 : positive control
  59. Simeoni Filippo at 1h36'07'' - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
  60. Shefer Alexandre at 1h36'25''
  61. Olano Abraham at 1h41'57'' - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  62. Flores Galarza Igor at 1h43'23''
  63. Gonzalez Capilla Santos at 1h44'15'' - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
  64. Kleynen Steven at 1h45'26''
  65. Moreni Cristian at 1h45'58'' - 2007 : positive control
  66. Vazquez Palomo Josè Manuel at 1h47'14''
  67. Jeker Fabian at 1h53'22''
  68. Flecha Giannoni Juan Antonio at 1h53'41''
  69. Jaksche Jörg at 1h54'10'' - 1999 : police investigation ; 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  70. Trentin Guido at 1h54'58''
  71. Cabello Francisco at 1h57'36'' - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  72. Horrillo Munoz Pedro at 1h57'37'' - 2007 : positive control (no penalty)
  73. Edo Angel at 1h57'55'' - 1998 : blood test
  74. Venebergh Thorwald at 1h59'02''
  75. Golbano Carlos at 2h01'37'' - 2004 : positive control
  76. Perez Cuapio Julio Alberto at 2h02'07'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  77. Trenti Guido at 2h02'55'' - 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  78. Pospeev Kiril at 2h08'23''
  79. Odriozola Mugarza Jon at 2h09'10'' - 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  80. Engels Addy at 2h13'26''
  81. Ludewig Jorg at 2h13'30'' - 1998 : confessions in 2006
  82. Garcia Calvo César at 2h16'57''
  83. Joachim Benoît at 2h17'06'' - 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
  84. Hernandez Jaime at 2h17'26''
  85. Aebersold Niki at 2h17'29''
  86. Pena Victor-hugo at 2h17'51'' - 2002 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  87. Cardenas Felix at 2h23'17'' - 2019 : biological passport
  88. Mcrae Chann at 2h24'52''
  89. Lamour Claude at 2h25'05'' - 1993 : positive control
  90. Boven Jan at 2h27'41''
  91. Capitan Peregrina Jorge at 2h29'05''
  92. Lotz Marc at 2h30'03'' - 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
  93. Gerrikagoitia Gorka at 2h30'57''
  94. Piccoli Mariano at 2h31'54'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  95. Cruz Antonio at 2h33'54''
  96. O'neill Nathan at 2h34'04'' - 2007 : positive control
  97. Duma Volodimyr at 2h34'38''
  98. Paolini Luca at 2h35'56'' - 2005 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2015 : positive control
  99. Kroon Karsten at 2h38'00'' - 20xx : confessions in 2018 (no penalty)
  100. Huser Rolf at 2h38'04''
  101. Zülle Alex at 2h38'38'' - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  102. Ratti Eddy at 2h39'19'' - 2010 : positive control (no penalty)
  103. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente at 2h40'15''
  104. Guillamon Ruiz Juan-carlos at 2h42'52''
  105. Smetanine Serguei at 2h43'37''
  106. Vidal Jose-angel at 2h43'59''
  107. Cretskens Wilfried at 2h44'01''
  108. Torrent Tarres Carlos at 2h46'18''
  109. Hunter Robert at 2h47'18''
  110. Mauri Melchior at 2h49'03''
  111. Dominguez Juan-carlos at 2h49'33'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2006 : blood test
  112. Diaz Pedro at 2h50'29''
  113. Casero Rafael at 2h50'37'' - 2006 : positive control
  114. Fernandez David at 2h51'39''
  115. Ortenzi Gian-mario at 2h53'07''
  116. Pinotti Marco at 2h53'55''
  117. Vinale Alberto at 2h54'07''
  118. Hoj Frank at 2h54'24'' - 1995 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  119. Lopez De Munain Alberto at 2h55'34''
  120. Carneiro Carlos at 2h57'20''
  121. Schweda Raphael at 2h58'41''
  122. Bertoletti Simone at 2h58'49''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Mercado Juan Miguel
  2. Plaza David
  3. Rubiera Vigil José-luis
  4. Osa Aitor
  5. Escartin Fernando
  6. Laiseka Jaoi Roberto
  7. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
  8. Perez Rodriguez Luis
  9. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
  10. Konecny Tomas
  11. Blanco Gil Santiago
  12. Zarrabeitia Mikel
  13. Gomez Gonzalo José Javier
  14. Martinez Trinidad José-alberto
  15. Rebollo Jose-luis
  16. Zberg Beat
  17. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio
  18. Vicario Barbera Juan-carlos
  19. Baranowski Dariusz
  20. Garate Juan-manuel
  21. Silva Joao
  22. Verheyen Geert
  23. Zubeldia Haimar
  24. Lelli Massimiliano
  25. Atienza Daniel
  26. Fernandez Bustinza Bingen
  27. Diaz Justo Rafael
  28. Pronk Matthe
  29. Shefer Alexandre
  30. Flores Galarza Igor
  31. Kleynen Steven
  32. Vazquez Palomo Josè Manuel
  33. Jeker Fabian
  34. Flecha Giannoni Juan Antonio
  35. Trentin Guido
  36. Venebergh Thorwald
  37. Pospeev Kiril
  38. Engels Addy
  39. Garcia Calvo César
  40. Hernandez Jaime
  41. Aebersold Niki
  42. Mcrae Chann
  43. Boven Jan
  44. Capitan Peregrina Jorge
  45. Gerrikagoitia Gorka
  46. Cruz Antonio
  47. Duma Volodimyr
  48. Huser Rolf
  49. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
  50. Guillamon Ruiz Juan-carlos
  51. Smetanine Serguei
  52. Vidal Jose-angel
  53. Cretskens Wilfried
  54. Torrent Tarres Carlos
  55. Hunter Robert
  56. Mauri Melchior
  57. Diaz Pedro
  58. Fernandez David
  59. Ortenzi Gian-mario
  60. Pinotti Marco
  61. Vinale Alberto
  62. Lopez De Munain Alberto
  63. Carneiro Carlos
  64. Schweda Raphael
  65. Bertoletti Simone



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

US Postal

17 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,18 per year

1. Heras Roberto - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
2. Rubiera Vigil José-luis
3. Cruz Antonio
4. Dean Julian
5. Joachim Benoît - 2000 : positive control (no penalty)
6. Leipheimer Levi - 1996 : positive control ; 2000 : confessions in 2012
7. Mcrae Chann
8. Pena Victor-hugo - 2002 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
9. White Matthew - 1998 : positive control ; 2003 : confessions in 2012

Alessio

9 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,11 per year

11. Gotti Ivan - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
12. Casagranda Stefano - 2000 : in the act
13. Casarotto Davide
14. Hvastija Martin - 2001 : in the act
15. Leoni Endrio - 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
16. Pellizotti Franco - 2010 : biological passport
17. Shefer Alexandre
18. Vinale Alberto
19. Ivanov Ruslan

iBanesto.com

43 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,67 per year

21. Osa Eizaguirre Unai - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
22. Odriozola Mugarza Jon - 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
23. Baranowski Dariusz
24. Blanco Gil Santiago
25. Dominguez Juan-carlos - 1998 : blood test ; 2006 : blood test
26. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
27. Jimenez José-maria - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
28. Osa Aitor
29. Mercado Juan Miguel

Team Coast

31. Escartin Fernando
32. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
33. Aebersold Niki
34. Michaelsen Lars - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
35. Garmendia Aitor - 1998 : blood test
36. Gianetti Mauro - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
37. Hoj Frank - 1995 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
38. Huser Rolf
39. Schweda Raphael

Cofidis

41. Millar David - 2003 : confessions in 2004
42. Atienza Daniel
43. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
44. Farazijn Peter - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
45. Fofonov Dimitri - 2008 : positive controls (2 times)
46. Lelli Massimiliano
47. Lamour Claude - 1993 : positive control
48. Tombak Janek
49. Trentin Guido

Cantina Tollo

12 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 1,33 per year

51. Di Luca Danilo - 199x : confessions in 2014 ; 2004 : in the act ; 2005 : confessions in 2016 (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control ; 2007 : in the act ; 2009 : positive control (2 times) ; 2013 : positive control, confessions in 2014
52. Conti Roberto - 2002 : in the act
53. Gentili Massimiliano
54. Giunti Massimo - 2010 : positive control
55. Martin Perdiguero Miguel-angel
56. Pospeev Kiril
57. Simeoni Filippo - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
58. Tonti Andrea
59. Trenti Guido - 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)

Domo

61. Virenque Richard - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
62. Bruylandts Dave - 2000 : blood test ; 2004 : positive control ; 2006 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
63. Cretskens Wilfried
64. Hoste Leif - 2012 : biological passport
65. Kleynen Steven
66. Konecny Tomas
67. Magnusson Glenn
68. Mcewen Robbie
69. De Wolf Steve - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)

Euskaltel

20 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,65 per year

71. Etxebarria David - 2004 : positive control
72. Fernandez Bustinza Bingen
73. Flores Galarza Igor
74. Gerrikagoitia Gorka
75. Laiseka Jaoi Roberto
76. Lopez De Munain Alberto
77. Martinez Trinidad José-alberto
78. Mayo Iban - 2007 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control
79. Zubeldia Haimar

Festina

81. Casero Angel - 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
82. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
83. Hernandez Jaime
84. Casero Rafael - 2006 : positive control
85. Perez Rodriguez Luis
86. Plaza David
87. Rebollo Jose-luis
88. Teutenberg Sven
89. Vicario Barbera Juan-carlos

Jazztel

91. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio
92. Valdes Prieto Ricardo
93. Diaz Pedro
94. Golbano Carlos - 2004 : positive control
95. Guillamon Ruiz Juan-carlos
96. Kintana Zarate Aitor - 2003 : positive control
97. Pecharroman José Antonio - 2007 : positive control
98. Smetanine Serguei
99. Torrent Tarres Carlos

Kelme

36 years of existence, 27 cases, ie 0,75 per year

101. Sevilla Oscar - 2000 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2010 : positive control
102. Botero Santiago - 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
103. Cabello Francisco - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
104. Cardenas Felix - 2019 : biological passport
105. Gomez Gonzalo José Javier
106. Gutierrez José-enrique
107. Tauler Antonio - 2006 : positive control ; 2010 : positive control (sanction not known)
108. Vicioso Angel - 2004 : judicial investigation and confessions
109. Vidal Jose-angel

Lampre

24 years of existence, 34 cases, ie 1,42 per year

111. Simoni Gilberto - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
112. Pinotti Marco
113. Bertoletti Simone
114. Camenzind Oscar - 2004 : positive control
115. Codol Massimo - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
116. Garate Juan-manuel
117. Hunter Robert
118. Pagliarini Mendoca Luciano André
119. Piccoli Mariano - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)

Mapei

30 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,87 per year

121. Freire Oscar
122. Aggiano Elio
123. Beltran Manuel - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2008 : positive control
124. Canada David
125. Cioni David-dario - 2004 : positive control
126. Horrillo Munoz Pedro - 2007 : positive control (no penalty)
127. Ratti Eddy - 2010 : positive control (no penalty)
128. Noe Andrea
129. Paolini Luca - 2005 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2015 : positive control

Mercatone Uno

7 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 2,71 per year

131. Pantani Marco - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
132. Andersson Michel
133. Astarloa Igor - 2008 : blood control ; 2009 : biological passport
134. Brignoli Ermanno - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
135. Clavero Sebastian Daniel - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
136. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
137. Ortenzi Gian-mario
138. De Paoli Daniele - 2001 : in the act
139. Moreni Cristian - 2007 : positive control

Milaneza

141. Mauri Melchior
142. Edo Angel - 1998 : blood test
143. Carneiro Carlos
144. Fernandez Martinez Victoriano - 2004 : positive control
145. Jeker Fabian
146. Lavarinhas Rui - 2003 : positive control ; 2005 : absence to control (no penalty)
147. Moller Claus Michael - 1999 : positive control
148. Silva Joao
149. Silva Renato

ONCE

151. Olano Abraham - 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
152. Beloki Joseba
153. Diaz Justo Rafael
154. Gonzalez Capilla Santos - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
155. Gonzales De Galdeano Igor - 2002 : positive control
156. Jaksche Jörg - 1999 : police investigation ; 2004 : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
157. Sastre Carlos
158. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
159. Zarrabeitia Mikel

Panaria

41 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 0,39 per year

161. Figueras Giuliano - 2001 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control
162. Perez Cuapio Julio Alberto - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
163. Degano Enrico
164. Duma Volodimyr
165. Varriale Antonio - 2002 : in the act
166. Matveyev Sergiy
167. O'neill Nathan - 2007 : positive control
168. Perfetto Filippo Paolo
169. Seniuskine Eugenj

Rabobank

39 years of existence, 24 cases, ie 0,62 per year

171. Zberg Beat
172. Zberg Marcus
173. Boven Jan
174. Engels Addy
175. Kroon Karsten - 20xx : confessions in 2018 (no penalty)
176. Lotz Marc - 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
177. Pronk Matthe
178. Venebergh Thorwald
179. Verheyen Geert

Fuenlabrada

181. Burgos Nacor
182. Capitan Peregrina Jorge
183. Fernandez David
184. Flecha Giannoni Juan Antonio
185. Garcia Calvo César
186. Garrido Mayorga Martin - 2006 : positive control
187. Laguna Oscar - 2005 : positive control
188. Nieto Fernandez German
189. Vazquez Palomo Josè Manuel

Saeco

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

191. Savoldelli Paolo - 2005 : disciplinary investigation
192. Commesso Salvatore - 2001 : in the act
193. Conte Biagio
194. Galletti Alessio - 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
195. Ludewig Jorg - 1998 : confessions in 2006



See also