Tour of Spain 1997 : the real numbers of doping

Departure to the land of Miguel Indurain
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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
ONCE 9 3 2 2 1 1
AKI 9 3 0 0 0 0
Asics 9 2 1 0 0 0
Banesto 9 4 0 0 0 0
Brescialat 9 3 0 0 0 0
Cantina Tollo 9 3 0 0 0 0
Casino 9 5 0 0 0 0
Cofidis 9 5 0 0 0 0
Estepona 9 2 1 1 0 0
Euskadi 9 3 0 0 0 0
Gan 9 3 1 1 0 0
Kelme 9 6 3 2 1 0
Festina 9 5 1 1 1 1
Maia 9 0 0 0 0 0
Mapei 9 6 1 1 0 0
Rabobank 9 3 0 0 0 0
Refin 9 2 0 0 0 0
Flavia 9 2 0 0 0 0
TVM 9 7 0 0 0 0
Saeco 9 7 0 0 0 0
Scrigno 9 3 0 0 0 0
US Postal 9 2 0 0 0 0
Total 198 79 10 8 3 2
Pourcentage 40% 80% 67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (11/10/2010)

  1. Zülle Alex in 91h15'55'' Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  2. Escartin Fernando at 0h05'07''
  3. Dufaux Laurent at 0h06'11'' Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
  4. Zaina Enrico at 0h07'24''
  5. Heras Roberto at 0h08'04'' Yellow card 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
  6. Clavero Sebastian Daniel at 0h10'02'' Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
  7. Jalabert Laurent at 0h10'03'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  8. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio at 0h10'40'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  9. Faresin Gianni at 0h13'53'' Red card 2000 : blood test
  10. Ledanois Yvon at 0h15'40'' Red card 1999 : judicial investigation
  11. Chiappucci Claudio at 0h16'22'' Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
  12. Bordenave Philippe at 0h18'21''
  13. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel at 0h18'47''
  14. Uria Gonzales José-manuel at 0h19'42''
  15. Contreras Carlos-alberto at 0h20'46''
  16. Serpellini Marco at 0h22'11'' Yellow card 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  17. Lanfranchi Paolo at 0h30'35''
  18. Dominguez Juan-carlos at 0h31'23'' Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2006 : blood test
  19. Brochard Laurent at 0h31'51'' Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  20. Massi Rodolfo at 0h31'59'' Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  21. Jimenez José-maria at 0h34'08'' Yellow card 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  22. Mauri Melchior at 0h35'42''
  23. Teyssier Francisque at 0h36'06''
  24. Ivanov Sergueï at 0h37'59'' Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
  25. Jeker Fabian at 0h38'03''
  26. Piepoli Leonardo at 0h40'12'' Red card 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
  27. Ajuria Gordon Ibon at 0h41'24''
  28. Aguirre Julio-cesar at 0h43'01''
  29. Gentili Massimiliano at 0h46'09''
  30. Thibout Bruno at 0h48'18''
  31. Aiarzaguena Urkidi Inaki at 0h48'34''
  32. Cerezo Perales Francisco at 0h52'20''
  33. Hamburger Bo at 0h54'21'' Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  34. Richard Pascal at 0h55'34''
  35. Alonso Marino at 0h56'31''
  36. Plaza David at 0h56'35''
  37. Leanizbarrutia Alberto at 0h57'04''
  38. Rominger Tony at 0h59'41'' Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  39. Munoz Federico at 0h59'42'' Red card 2004 : positive control
  40. Zarrabeitia Mikel at 1h02'04''
  41. Castelblanco Jose at 1h02'56'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control
  42. Gonzales De Galdeano Igor at 1h03'01'' Red card 2002 : positive control
  43. Hervé Pascal at 1h03'10'' Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
  44. Indurain Prudencio at 1h04'17''
  45. Vasseur Cédric at 1h08'01''
  46. Osa Aitor at 1h10'53''
  47. Gonzales Arsenio at 1h11'41''
  48. Piccoli Mariano at 1h13'58'' Red card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  49. Fondriest Maurizio at 1h14'35''
  50. Lopez Uriarte Oscar at 1h19'01''
  51. Hernandez Montoya Jairo at 1h22'30''
  52. Noe Andrea at 1h24'33''
  53. Colage Stefano at 1h28'38'' Red card 2021 : positive control
  54. Laiseka Jaoi Roberto at 1h29'19''
  55. Stephens Neil at 1h34'44'' Yellow card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
  56. Honchar Sergei at 1h39'25'' Red card 1999 : blood test ; 2007 : blood test
  57. Rico Lizarazo Efrain at 1h39'27''
  58. Rodriguez Garcia José at 1h42'50''
  59. Bettin Mauro at 1h43'05''
  60. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo at 1h45'50''
  61. Tronca Amilcare at 1h45'56''
  62. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente at 1h47'09''
  63. Garcia Marquina David at 1h49'21''
  64. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 1h49'39''
  65. Moerenhout Koos at 1h53'01''
  66. Gorini Gianluca at 1h57'04''
  67. Mauleon Javier at 1h59'49''
  68. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 1h59'50''
  69. Simeoni Filippo at 2h03'23'' Red card 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
  70. Bessy Frédéric at 2h03'51''
  71. Michaelsen Lars at 2h04'12'' Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  72. Baker Darren at 2h06'38''
  73. Jonker Patrick at 2h06'45''
  74. Moratilla Victor at 2h11'41''
  75. Ramirez Calderon Juan Diego at 2h12'08''
  76. Salvato Cristian at 2h16'20''
  77. Van Bon Leon at 2h19'27''
  78. Furlan Giorgio at 2h19'29'' Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  79. Milesi Marco at 2h20'48''
  80. Vicario Barbera Juan-carlos at 2h21'05''
  81. Di Basco Alessio at 2h21'13'' Red card 1992 : positive control
  82. Osorio Hernan Alonso at 2h25'28''
  83. Van Heeswijk Max at 2h25'42'' Yellow card 2007 : confessions in 2011 (no penalty)
  84. Guidi Fabrizio at 2h29'10'' Yellow card 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
  85. Tebaldi Valerio at 2h34'02''
  86. Ouslamine Serguei at 2h35'09''
  87. Gelfi Luca at 2h35'29''
  88. Rue Gérard at 2h38'20''
  89. Vierhouten Aart at 2h42'30''
  90. Camin Claudio at 2h44'27''
  91. Moreau Francis at 2h44'54'' Red card 1996 : positive control
  92. Canzonieri Angelo at 2h45'35''
  93. Lietti Marco at 2h46'15''
  94. Nelissen Danny at 2h46'45'' Yellow card 1996 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  95. Bugno Gianni at 2h47'00'' Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  96. Voskamp Bertus at 2h47'56'' Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
  97. Ballerini Franco at 2h50'29'' Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
  98. Botero Santiago at 2h50'40'' Red card 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  99. Radaelli Mauro at 2h52'25''
  100. Paluan Andrea at 2h54'41'' Red card 2009 : positive control
  101. Ferrari Diego at 2h56'38''
  102. Schiavina Samuele at 2h57'01''
  103. Werner Jurgen
  104. Zanetti Mauro at 2h57'06''
  105. Bramati Davide at 2h58'31''
  106. Apollonio Massimo at 2h59'38'' Red card 1998 : blood test
  107. Roscioli Fabio at 2h59'49''
  108. Casarotto Davide at 3h00'33''
  109. Wust Marcel at 3h01'01''
  110. Hvastija Martin at 3h02'02'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  111. Teutenberg Sven at 3h06'01''
  112. Jonasson Danny at 3h09'18''
  113. Scirea Mario Red card 2004 : in the act
  114. Dalla Costa Oscar at 3h09'47''
  115. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 3h14'13'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  116. Durand Jacky at 3h14'34'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  117. Ramacciotti Nicola at 3h14'44''
  118. Conte Biagio at 3h15'40''
  119. Zintchenko Andrei at 3h18'33''
  120. Svorada Jan at 3h20'14''
  121. Garmendia Aitor at 3h29'10'' Red card 1998 : blood test
  122. Frizzo Maurizio at 3h31'35''
  123. Aggiano Elio at 3h34'13''
  124. Lupeikis Remigius at 3h40'53''
  125. Cembali Stefano at 3h59'05''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Escartin Fernando
  2. Zaina Enrico
  3. Bordenave Philippe
  4. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
  5. Uria Gonzales José-manuel
  6. Contreras Carlos-alberto
  7. Lanfranchi Paolo
  8. Mauri Melchior
  9. Teyssier Francisque
  10. Jeker Fabian
  11. Ajuria Gordon Ibon
  12. Aguirre Julio-cesar
  13. Gentili Massimiliano
  14. Thibout Bruno
  15. Aiarzaguena Urkidi Inaki
  16. Cerezo Perales Francisco
  17. Richard Pascal
  18. Alonso Marino
  19. Plaza David
  20. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
  21. Zarrabeitia Mikel
  22. Indurain Prudencio
  23. Vasseur Cédric
  24. Osa Aitor
  25. Gonzales Arsenio
  26. Fondriest Maurizio
  27. Lopez Uriarte Oscar
  28. Hernandez Montoya Jairo
  29. Noe Andrea
  30. Laiseka Jaoi Roberto
  31. Rico Lizarazo Efrain
  32. Rodriguez Garcia José
  33. Bettin Mauro
  34. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
  35. Tronca Amilcare
  36. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
  37. Garcia Marquina David
  38. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  39. Moerenhout Koos
  40. Gorini Gianluca
  41. Mauleon Javier
  42. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  43. Bessy Frédéric
  44. Baker Darren
  45. Jonker Patrick
  46. Moratilla Victor
  47. Ramirez Calderon Juan Diego
  48. Salvato Cristian
  49. Van Bon Leon
  50. Milesi Marco
  51. Vicario Barbera Juan-carlos
  52. Osorio Hernan Alonso
  53. Tebaldi Valerio
  54. Ouslamine Serguei
  55. Gelfi Luca
  56. Rue Gérard
  57. Vierhouten Aart
  58. Camin Claudio
  59. Canzonieri Angelo
  60. Lietti Marco
  61. Radaelli Mauro
  62. Ferrari Diego
  63. Schiavina Samuele
  64. Werner Jurgen
  65. Zanetti Mauro
  66. Bramati Davide
  67. Roscioli Fabio
  68. Casarotto Davide
  69. Wust Marcel
  70. Teutenberg Sven
  71. Jonasson Danny
  72. Dalla Costa Oscar
  73. Ramacciotti Nicola
  74. Conte Biagio
  75. Zintchenko Andrei
  76. Svorada Jan
  77. Frizzo Maurizio
  78. Aggiano Elio
  79. Lupeikis Remigius
  80. Cembali Stefano


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

ONCE

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

1. Zülle Alex Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
2. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
3. Diaz Zabala Herminio
4. Garmendia Aitor Red card 1998 : blood test
5. Jalabert Laurent Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
6. Leanizbarrutia Alberto
7. Mauri Melchior
8. Mauleon Javier
9. Zarrabeitia Mikel

AKI

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

11. Honchar Sergei Red card 1999 : blood test ; 2007 : blood test
12. Dalla Costa Oscar
13. Gorini Gianluca
14. Leoni Endrio Red card 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
15. Miceli Nicola Red card 1998 : blood test
16. Pavanello Luca
17. Zanotti Marco
18. Radaelli Mauro
19. Zanetti Mauro

Asics

3 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1,33 per year

21. Chiappucci Claudio Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
22. Colonna Federico
23. Ferrari Diego
24. Noe Andrea
25. Roscioli Fabio
26. Schiavina Samuele
27. Shefer Alexandre
28. Simeoni Filippo Red card 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
29. Zaina Enrico

Banesto

45 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,64 per year

31. Olano Abraham Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
32. Alonso Marino
33. Casero Angel Yellow card 1996 : positive control (no penalty)
34. De Las Cuevas Armand Red card 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
35. Garcia Acosta Jose-vicente
36. Indurain Prudencio
37. Jimenez José-maria Yellow card 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
38. Osa Aitor
39. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio

Brescialat

41. Belli Wladimir
42. Camin Claudio
43. Della Vedova Marco
44. Gelfi Luca
45. Milesi Marco
46. Piccoli Mariano Red card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
47. Raimondi Gian Carlo
48. Serpellini Marco Yellow card 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
49. Sgambelluri Roberto Red card 2002 : positive control

Cantina Tollo

51. Gentili Massimiliano
52. Cembali Stefano
53. Dante Stefano
54. Di Renzo Marco-antonio
55. Dolci Andrea Red card 1998 : blood test
56. Hvastija Martin Red card 2001 : in the act
57. Ramacciotti Nicola
58. Paluan Andrea Red card 2009 : positive control
59. Frizzo Maurizio

Casino

33 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 0,55 per year

61. Richard Pascal
62. Barthe Stéphane Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
63. Bessy Frédéric
64. Bordenave Philippe
65. Durand Jacky Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
66. Gougot Fabrice
67. Chanteur Pascal Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
68. Massi Rodolfo Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
69. Pontier Frédéric Red card 1997 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : positive control

Cofidis

29 years of existence, 23 cases, ie 0,79 per year

71. Rominger Tony Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
72. Andreu Frankie Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
73. Desbiens Laurent Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
74. Fondriest Maurizio
75. Gaumont Philippe Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control (2 times) (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2004 : confessions
76. Moreau Francis Red card 1996 : positive control
77. Plaza David
78. Rinero Christophe
79. Thibout Bruno

Estepona

81. Clavero Sebastian Daniel Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
82. Anguita Hinojosa Eleuterio
83. Cerezo Perales Francisco
84. Zintchenko Andrei
85. Moller Claus Michael Red card 1999 : positive control
86. Moratilla Victor
87. Smetanine Serguei
88. Uria Gonzales José-manuel
89. Vicario Barbera Juan-carlos

Euskadi

91. Solaun Solana César Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
92. Aiarzaguena Urkidi Inaki
93. Ajuria Gordon Ibon
94. Garcia Marquina David
95. Gonzalez De Heredia Inigo
96. Gonzales De Galdeano Alvaro Red card 2000 : positive control ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
97. Gonzales De Galdeano Igor Red card 2002 : positive control
98. Laiseka Jaoi Roberto
99. Lopez Uriarte Oscar

Gan

67 years of existence, 75 cases, ie 1,12 per year

101. Boardman Chris
102. Hubert Emmanuel
103. Ledanois Yvon Red card 1999 : judicial investigation
104. Moncassin Frédéric Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
105. Poli Eros Red card 1986 : positive control
106. Rue Gérard
107. Simon François
108. Teyssier Francisque
109. Vasseur Cédric

Kelme

111. Escartin Fernando
112. Botero Santiago Red card 1999 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
113. Dominguez Juan-carlos Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2006 : blood test
114. Edo Angel Red card 1998 : blood test
115. Gonzales Arsenio
116. Heras Roberto Yellow card 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
117. Rodriguez Garcia José
118. Gonzalez Capilla Santos Red card 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
119. Serrano Rodriguez Marcos-antonio Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)

Festina

12 years of existence, 31 cases, ie 2,58 per year

121. Dufaux Laurent Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair, confessions in 1998
122. Brochard Laurent Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
123. Garcia Casas Felix Manuel
124. Hervé Pascal Red card 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 2000 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : positive control
125. Jeker Fabian
126. Tebaldi Valerio
127. Rous Didier Red card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux et aveux en 1998
128. Stephens Neil Yellow card 1998 : analyses sang, urine, cheveux, aveux en 1998 (sanction not known)
129. Wust Marcel

Maia

131. Barbosa Candido
132. Pereira De Andrade Joaquim Adrego
133. Azevedo José Bento
134. Barroso Paulo
135. Sanchez De La Rocha José-luis
136. Ferreira Paulo
137. Jarque Jose-francisco
138. Sampaio Campos Joaquim Alberto
139. Silva Joao 1968

Mapei

32 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,81 per year

141. Tonkov Pavel Yellow card 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
142. Ballerini Franco Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
143. Bramati Davide
144. Bugno Gianni Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
145. Faresin Gianni Red card 2000 : blood test
146. Lanfranchi Paolo
147. Nardello Daniele Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
148. Svorada Jan
149. Zanini Stefano Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act

Rabobank

41 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 0,61 per year

151. Luttenberger Peter
152. Jonasson Danny
153. Jonker Patrick
154. Koerts Jans Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
155. Moerenhout Koos
156. Nelissen Danny Yellow card 1996 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
157. Van Bon Leon
158. Van Heeswijk Max Yellow card 2007 : confessions in 2011 (no penalty)
159. Vierhouten Aart

Refin

161. Colage Stefano Red card 2021 : positive control
162. Aggiano Elio
163. Balducci Gabriele
164. Bettin Mauro
165. Lietti Marco
166. Piepoli Leonardo Red card 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
167. Ouslamine Serguei
168. Salvato Cristian
169. Werner Jurgen

Flavia

171. Castelblanco Jose Red card 1996 : positive control ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : positive control
172. Aguirre Julio-cesar
173. Contreras Carlos-alberto
174. Hernandez Montoya Jairo
175. Osorio Hernan Alonso
176. Munoz Federico Red card 2004 : positive control
177. Palacio Montoya Hector-ivan
178. Ramirez Calderon Juan Diego
179. Rico Lizarazo Efrain

TVM

181. Andersson Michel
182. Petilleau Stephane
183. Knaven Servais Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
184. Hamburger Bo Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
185. Ivanov Sergueï Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
186. Michaelsen Lars Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
187. Voskamp Bertus Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation and confessions (no penalty)
188. Skibby Jesper Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
189. Hoffman Tristan Yellow card 1998 : positive control (no penalty)

Saeco

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

191. Cipollini Mario Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
192. Calcaterra Giuseppe Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
193. Canzonieri Angelo
194. Di Basco Alessio Red card 1992 : positive control
195. Furlan Giorgio Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
196. Mazzoleni Eddy Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act ; 2004 : positive control ; 2005 : police investigation
197. Petito Roberto Yellow card 1997 : positive control (no penalty)
198. Salmeron Gines
199. Scirea Mario Red card 2004 : in the act

Scrigno

201. Guidi Fabrizio Yellow card 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
202. Apollonio Massimo Red card 1998 : blood test
203. Casarotto Davide
204. Conte Biagio
205. Petacchi Alessandro Red card 2007 : positive control ; 2012 : judicial investigation
206. Pieri Dario
207. Rossato Mirko
208. Tronca Amilcare
209. Vatteroni Andrea

US Postal

17 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 1,71 per year

211. Ekimov Viatcheslav
212. Baker Darren
213. Villatoro Anton
214. Gragus Eddy
215. Lupeikis Remigius
216. Mercier Scott
217. Meinert-nielsen Peter Red card 1993 : positive control
218. Robin Jean-cyril Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
219. Teutenberg Sven

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also