Giro d'Italia 1999 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Mercatone Uno - Bianchi 9 8 0 0 0 0
Amica Chips - Costa de Almeria 9 4 1 1 0 0
Ballan - Alessio 9 4 1 1 1 1
Banesto 9 6 0 0 0 0
Cantina Tollo - Alexia Alluminio 9 6 1 1 0 0
Kelme - Costa Blanca 9 6 1 1 0 0
Lampre - Daikin-Colnago 9 5 0 0 0 0
Liquigas - Pata 9 3 0 0 0 0
Mapei - Quick Step 9 5 0 0 0 0
Mobilvetta Design - Northwave 9 4 0 0 0 0
Navigare - Gaerne 9 2 1 1 0 0
O.N.C.E. - Deutsche Bank 9 3 1 1 0 0
Riso Scotti - Vinavil 9 3 0 0 0 0
Saeco Macchine da Caffè - Cannondale 9 7 1 1 1 1
Team Colpack Polti 9 6 1 1 1 1
TVM - Farm Frites 9 3 0 0 0 0
Vini Caldirola - Sidermec 9 5 1 1 0 0
Vitalicio Seguros - Grupo Generali 9 3 1 1 0 0
Total 162 83 10 10 3 3
Pourcentage 51% 100% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : www.procyclingstats.com (05/09/2020)

  1. Gotti Ivan in 99h55'56'' Red card 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
  2. Savoldelli Paolo at 0h03'35'' Red card 2005 : disciplinary investigation
  3. Simoni Gilberto at 0h03'36'' Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  4. Jalabert Laurent at 0h05'16'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  5. Heras Roberto at 0h07'47'' Yellow card 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
  6. Axelsson Niklas at 0h09'38'' Red card 2001 : positive control + confessions ; 2009 : positive control
  7. Honchar Sergei at 0h12'07'' Red card 1999 : blood test ; 2007 : blood test
  8. De Paoli Daniele at 0h14'20'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  9. Clavero Sebastian Daniel at 0h15'53'' Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
  10. Sgambelluri Roberto at 0h17'31'' Red card 2002 : positive control
  11. Camenzind Oscar at 0h17'39'' Red card 2004 : positive control
  12. Zintchenko Andrei at 0h20'14''
  13. Sevilla Oscar at 0h22'44'' Red card 2000 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2010 : positive control
  14. Virenque Richard at 0h24'15'' Red card 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  15. Buenahora Hernan at 0h24'38'' Red card 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  16. Missaglia Gabriele at 0h42'12'' Yellow card 2001 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  17. Di Grande Giuseppe at 0h44'23'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  18. Padrnos Pavel at 0h44'30'' Yellow card 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
  19. Luttenberger Peter at 0h47'39''
  20. Miceli Nicola at 0h47'39'' Red card 1998 : blood test
  21. Shefer Alexandre at 0h51'31''
  22. Teteriouk Andrei at 0h51'48''
  23. Gonzalez-pico José-jaime at 0h53'36'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  24. Puttini Felice at 1h00'25''
  25. Mason Oscar at 1h02'17'' Red card 1998 : positive control
  26. Glomser Gerrit at 1h04'15''
  27. Secchiari Francesco at 1h06'18''
  28. Noe Andrea at 1h09'58''
  29. Zarrabeitia Mikel at 1h11'37''
  30. Rebellin Davide at 1h14'11'' Red card 2008 : positive control
  31. Zanetti Mauro at 1h14'28''
  32. Tronca Amilcare at 1h17'28''
  33. Jimenez José-maria at 1h19'34'' Yellow card 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  34. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis at 1h23'14'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  35. Gasperoni Cristian at 1h28'25''
  36. Figueras Giuliano at 1h35'04'' Red card 2001 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control
  37. Spezialetti Alessandro at 1h37'41'' Red card 2004 : in the act
  38. Piccoli Mariano at 1h39'02'' Red card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  39. Cerezo Perales Francisco at 1h39'29''
  40. Duma Volodimyr at 1h41'13''
  41. Pena Miguel Angel at 1h45'00''
  42. Della Vedova Marco at 1h48'01''
  43. Tosatto Mauro Matteo at 1h49'24''
  44. Bettini Paolo at 1h50'25''
  45. Indurain Prudencio at 1h52'06''
  46. Caucchioli Pietro at 1h52'19'' Red card 2009 : biological passport
  47. Donati Massimo at 1h54'51''
  48. Mcrae Chann at 1h55'12''
  49. Pozzi Oscar at 1h55'23''
  50. Gentili Massimiliano at 2h00'58''
  51. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio at 2h03'07''
  52. Berzin Evgueni at 2h05'45'' Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
  53. Dotti Fausto at 2h06'20''
  54. Casagrande Filippo at 2h10'09'' Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  55. Richard Pascal at 2h10'09''
  56. Peron Andrea at 2h10'09'' Yellow card 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
  57. Magnani Marco at 2h10'21'' Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : judicial investigation
  58. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 2h14'08''
  59. Hamburger Bo at 2h17'06'' Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  60. Petito Roberto at 2h21'15'' Yellow card 1997 : positive control (no penalty)
  61. Frattini Cristiano at 2h26'59''
  62. Panetta Stefano at 2h32'52''
  63. Pena Victor-hugo at 2h33'46'' Yellow card 2002 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  64. Guidi Fabrizio at 2h37'14'' Yellow card 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
  65. Valoti Paolo at 2h38'45''
  66. Bruseghin Marzio at 2h38'45'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  67. Scirea Mario at 2h40'43'' Red card 2004 : in the act
  68. Cabello Francisco at 2h41'15'' Red card 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  69. Cassani Enrico at 2h41'56'' Red card 2003 : positive control
  70. Petacchi Alessandro at 2h43'05'' Red card 2007 : positive control ; 2012 : judicial investigation
  71. Sironi Gian-luca at 2h43'05''
  72. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo at 2h45'48''
  73. Martin Perdiguero Miguel-angel at 2h46'23''
  74. Celestino Mirko at 2h47'01''
  75. Hvastija Martin at 2h47'35'' Red card 2001 : in the act
  76. Pellicioli Oscar at 2h47'54''
  77. Ivanov Ruslan at 2h48'11''
  78. Klier Andreas at 2h51'46'' Yellow card 1999 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  79. Edo Angel at 2h53'09'' Red card 1998 : blood test
  80. Tafi Andrea at 2h53'18'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  81. Pieri Dario at 2h53'27''
  82. Ferrari Diego at 2h55'05''
  83. Bertoletti Simone at 2h56'41''
  84. Navas Chica David at 2h56'45'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  85. Gonzalez Capilla Santos at 2h56'45'' Red card 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
  86. Fagnini Gianmatteo at 2h57'15''
  87. Conte Biagio at 2h58'20''
  88. Gili Marco at 2h58'34'' Red card 1997 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
  89. Canada David at 2h58'34''
  90. Simeoni Filippo at 2h59'38'' Red card 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
  91. Lafis Michel at 3h00'45''
  92. Smetanine Serguei at 3h01'01''
  93. Salmeron Gines at 3h03'39''
  94. Hernandez Eduardo at 3h03'39''
  95. Frutti Matteo at 3h06'19''
  96. Ongarato Rodolfo at 3h06'46''
  97. Turicchia Alain at 3h07'03'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  98. Apollonio Massimo at 3h07'28'' Red card 1998 : blood test
  99. Schiavina Samuele at 3h08'08''
  100. Fornaciari Paolo at 3h08'08''
  101. Sastre Carlos at 3h09'39''
  102. Balducci Gabriele at 3h09'54''
  103. Baldato Fabio at 3h12'12''
  104. Radaelli Mauro at 3h17'03''
  105. Bianchi Carlo Marino at 3h17'41''
  106. Trenti Guido at 3h19'30'' Yellow card 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  107. Zanette Denis at 3h19'54'' Yellow card 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
  108. Strazzer Massimo at 3h19'54'' Yellow card 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
  109. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 3h24'20'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  110. Brognara Andrea at 3h24'53''
  111. Faustini Stefano at 3h25'08''
  112. Arazzi Francesco at 3h25'28''
  113. Minali Nicola at 3h27'21'' Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  114. Galletti Alessio at 3h32'56'' Red card 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
  115. Van Kessel Miguel at 3h37'03''
  116. Van Dijck Hendrik at 3h48'49''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Zintchenko Andrei
  2. Luttenberger Peter
  3. Shefer Alexandre
  4. Teteriouk Andrei
  5. Puttini Felice
  6. Glomser Gerrit
  7. Secchiari Francesco
  8. Noe Andrea
  9. Zarrabeitia Mikel
  10. Zanetti Mauro
  11. Tronca Amilcare
  12. Gasperoni Cristian
  13. Cerezo Perales Francisco
  14. Duma Volodimyr
  15. Pena Miguel Angel
  16. Della Vedova Marco
  17. Tosatto Mauro Matteo
  18. Bettini Paolo
  19. Indurain Prudencio
  20. Donati Massimo
  21. Mcrae Chann
  22. Pozzi Oscar
  23. Gentili Massimiliano
  24. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
  25. Dotti Fausto
  26. Richard Pascal
  27. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  28. Frattini Cristiano
  29. Panetta Stefano
  30. Valoti Paolo
  31. Sironi Gian-luca
  32. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
  33. Martin Perdiguero Miguel-angel
  34. Celestino Mirko
  35. Pellicioli Oscar
  36. Ivanov Ruslan
  37. Pieri Dario
  38. Ferrari Diego
  39. Bertoletti Simone
  40. Fagnini Gianmatteo
  41. Conte Biagio
  42. Canada David
  43. Lafis Michel
  44. Smetanine Serguei
  45. Salmeron Gines
  46. Hernandez Eduardo
  47. Frutti Matteo
  48. Ongarato Rodolfo
  49. Schiavina Samuele
  50. Fornaciari Paolo
  51. Sastre Carlos
  52. Balducci Gabriele
  53. Baldato Fabio
  54. Radaelli Mauro
  55. Bianchi Carlo Marino
  56. Brognara Andrea
  57. Faustini Stefano
  58. Arazzi Francesco
  59. Van Kessel Miguel
  60. Van Dijck Hendrik


List of doping cases during the race

Rider Product Race Year Sanction Control
Casagrande Filippo Hématocrite > 50% Tour d'Italie 1999 Non Contrôle positif
Loda Nicola Hématocrite > 50% Tour d'Italie 1999 Non Contrôle positif
Otxoa Javier Hématocrite = 51,6% Tour d'Italie 1999 Oui Contrôle positif
Pantani Marco Hématocrite = 52 % Tour d'Italie 1999 Oui Analyse sang
Piccoli Mariano Anabolisants Tour d'Italie 1999 NSP* Enquête policière
2123 Hématocrite > 48% Tour d'Italie 1999 Oui Contrôle positif
Trombetta Guido Hématocrite > 50% Tour d'Italie 1999 Non Analyse sang

* Sanction not known


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Mercatone Uno - Bianchi

7 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 2,71 per year

1. Pantani Marco Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
2. Zaina Enrico
3. Garzelli Stefano Red card 2002 : positive control
4. Forconi Riccardo Red card 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
5. Borgheresi Simone Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
6. Brignoli Ermanno Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
7. Fontanelli Fabiano Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
8. Velo Marco Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1999 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control
9. Podenzana Massimo Red card 1986 : positive control

Amica Chips - Costa de Almeria

19 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 0,37 per year

11. Berzin Evgueni Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
12. De Paoli Daniele Red card 2001 : in the act
13. Ekimov Viatcheslav
14. Puttini Felice
15. Tronca Amilcare
16. Caucchioli Pietro Red card 2009 : biological passport
17. Campagnari Simone
18. Gili Marco Red card 1997 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
19. Arazzi Francesco

Ballan - Alessio

9 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,11 per year

21. Baldato Fabio
22. Baldo Filippo
23. Ferrigato Andrea
24. Gontchenkov Alexandre
25. Loda Nicola Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
26. Hvastija Martin Red card 2001 : in the act
27. Simoni Gilberto Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
28. Tosatto Mauro Matteo
29. Ugrumov Piotr Yellow card 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)

Banesto

45 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,64 per year

31. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
32. Bruseghin Marzio Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
33. Jimenez José-maria Yellow card 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
34. Zülle Alex Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
35. Navas Chica David Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
36. Osa Aitor
37. Piepoli Leonardo Red card 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
38. Pena Miguel Angel
39. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio

Cantina Tollo - Alexia Alluminio

12 years of existence, 15 cases, ie 1,25 per year

41. Minali Nicola Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
42. Brognara Andrea
43. Trenti Guido Yellow card 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
44. Sgambelluri Roberto Red card 2002 : positive control
45. Gentili Massimiliano
46. Gasperoni Cristian
47. Magnani Marco Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : judicial investigation
48. Di Luca Danilo Red card 199x : confessions in 2014 ; 2004 : in the act ; 2005 : confessions in 2016 (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control ; 2007 : in the act ; 2009 : positive control (2 times) ; 2013 : positive control, confessions in 2014
49. Hamburger Bo Red card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1995 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control

Kelme - Costa Blanca

36 years of existence, 27 cases, ie 0,75 per year

51. Rubiera Vigil José-luis
52. Heras Roberto Yellow card 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
53. Edo Angel Red card 1998 : blood test
54. Gonzalez-pico José-jaime Red card 2001 : in the act
55. Cabello Francisco Red card 1994 : positive control (5 times)
56. Sevilla Oscar Red card 2000 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2010 : positive control
57. Hernandez Eduardo
58. Otxoa Javier Red card 1999 : positive control
59. Uria Gonzales José-manuel

Lampre - Daikin-Colnago

26 years of existence, 34 cases, ie 1,31 per year

61. Camenzind Oscar Red card 2004 : positive control
62. Bertoletti Simone
63. Codol Massimo Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
64. Della Vedova Marco
65. Frutti Matteo
66. Missaglia Gabriele Yellow card 2001 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
67. Padrnos Pavel Yellow card 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
68. Piccoli Mariano Red card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
69. Svorada Jan

Liquigas - Pata

13 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,23 per year

71. Miceli Nicola Red card 1998 : blood test
72. Teteriouk Andrei
73. Frattini Cristiano
74. Leoni Endrio Red card 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
75. Conte Biagio
76. Mason Oscar Red card 1998 : positive control
77. Ongarato Rodolfo
78. Dotti Fausto
79. Ivanov Ruslan

Mapei - Quick Step

32 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,81 per year

81. Bettini Paolo
82. Di Grande Giuseppe Red card 2001 : in the act
83. Figueras Giuliano Red card 2001 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control
84. Fornaciari Paolo
85. Mueller Dirk Red card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : positive control
86. Mcrae Chann
87. Noe Andrea
88. Tafi Andrea Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
89. Van Heeswijk Max Yellow card 2007 : confessions in 2011 (no penalty)

Mobilvetta Design - Northwave

10 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 1,6 per year

91. Richard Pascal
92. Spezialetti Alessandro Red card 2004 : in the act
93. Stangelj Gorazd Red card 2000 : positive control
94. Valoti Paolo
95. Quaranta Ivan
96. Strazzer Massimo Yellow card 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
97. Faustini Stefano
98. Gualdi Mirko
99. Trombetta Guido Yellow card 1999 : blood test (no penalty)

Navigare - Gaerne

43 years of existence, 17 cases, ie 0,4 per year

101. Axelsson Niklas Red card 2001 : positive control + confessions ; 2009 : positive control
102. Balducci Gabriele
103. Pieri Dario
104. Duma Volodimyr
105. Cei Luca
106. Petacchi Alessandro Red card 2007 : positive control ; 2012 : judicial investigation
107. Glomser Gerrit
108. Panetta Stefano
109. Zanetti Aldo

O.N.C.E. - Deutsche Bank

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

111. Canada David
112. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
113. Gonzalez Capilla Santos Red card 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
114. Jalabert Laurent Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
115. Luttenberger Peter
116. Martin Perdiguero Miguel-angel
117. Peron Andrea Yellow card 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
118. Sastre Carlos
119. Zarrabeitia Mikel

Riso Scotti - Vinavil

3 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1,33 per year

121. Bianchi Carlo Marino
122. Ferrari Diego
123. Basso Ivan Red card 2006 : confessions in 2007
124. Schiavina Samuele
125. Shefer Alexandre
126. Pozzi Oscar
127. Simeoni Filippo Red card 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
128. Turicchia Alain Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
129. Palumbo Giuseppe

Saeco Macchine da Caffè - Cannondale

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

131. Cipollini Mario Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
132. Savoldelli Paolo Red card 2005 : disciplinary investigation
133. Calcaterra Giuseppe Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
134. Fagnini Gianmatteo
135. Frigo Dario Red card 1996 : confessions in 2001 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2001 ; 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
136. Galletti Alessio Red card 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
137. Petito Roberto Yellow card 1997 : positive control (no penalty)
138. Scirea Mario Red card 2004 : in the act
139. Secchiari Francesco

Team Colpack Polti

7 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,43 per year

141. Cassani Enrico Red card 2003 : positive control
142. Celestino Mirko
143. Gotti Ivan Red card 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
144. Guidi Fabrizio Yellow card 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
145. Goubert Stéphane
146. Pellicioli Oscar
147. Rebellin Davide Red card 2008 : positive control
148. Virenque Richard Red card 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
149. Zanette Denis Yellow card 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)

TVM - Farm Frites

25 years of existence, 33 cases, ie 1,32 per year

151. Blijlevens Jeroen Yellow card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
152. Casarotto Davide
153. Van Dijck Hendrik
154. Ivanov Sergueï Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
155. Klier Andreas Yellow card 1999 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
156. Lafis Michel
157. Asmaker Olivier
158. Vries Peter
159. Van Kessel Miguel

Vini Caldirola - Sidermec

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

161. Apollonio Massimo Red card 1998 : blood test
162. Hauptman Andrej Red card 2000 : blood test
163. Casagrande Filippo Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
164. Donati Massimo
165. Honchar Sergei Red card 1999 : blood test ; 2007 : blood test
166. Sironi Gian-luca
167. Radaelli Mauro
168. Vainsteins Romans Yellow card 2003 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
169. Zanetti Mauro

Vitalicio Seguros - Grupo Generali

3 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1,33 per year

171. Clavero Sebastian Daniel Red card 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
172. Blanco Gil Santiago
173. Buenahora Hernan Red card 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
174. Zintchenko Andrei
175. Smetanine Serguei
176. Indurain Prudencio
177. Cerezo Perales Francisco
178. Pena Victor-hugo Yellow card 2002 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
179. Salmeron Gines

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also