Giro d'Italia 1999 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update : 24/10/2020

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Mercatone Uno - Bianchi 9 8 0 0 0 0
Amica Chips - Costa de Almeria 9 4 1 1 0 0
Ballan - Alessio 9 4 1 1 1 1
Banesto 9 6 0 0 0 0
Cantina Tollo - Alexia Alluminio 9 6 1 1 0 0
Kelme - Costa Blanca 9 6 1 1 0 0
Lampre - Daikin-Colnago 9 5 0 0 0 0
Liquigas - Pata 9 3 0 0 0 0
Mapei - Quick Step 9 5 0 0 0 0
Mobilvetta Design - Northwave 9 4 0 0 0 0
Navigare - Gaerne 9 2 1 1 0 0
O.N.C.E. - Deutsche Bank 9 3 1 1 0 0
Riso Scotti - Vinavil 9 3 0 0 0 0
Saeco Macchine da Caffè - Cannondale 9 7 1 1 1 1
Team Colpack Polti 9 6 1 1 1 1
TVM - Farm Frites 9 3 0 0 0 0
Vini Caldirola - Sidermec 9 5 1 1 0 0
Vitalicio Seguros - Grupo Generali 9 3 1 1 0 0
Total 162 83 10 10 3 3
Pourcentage 51% 100% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :



The official ranking

Ranking source : www.procyclingstats.com (05/09/2020)

  1. Gotti Ivan in 99h55'56'' - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
  2. Savoldelli Paolo at 0h03'35'' - 2005 : disciplinary investigation
  3. Simoni Gilberto at 0h03'36'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
  4. Jalabert Laurent at 0h05'16'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  5. Heras Roberto at 0h07'47'' - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
  6. Axelsson Niklas at 0h09'38'' - 2001 : positive control + confessions ; 2009 : positive control
  7. Honchar Sergei at 0h12'07'' - 1999 : blood test ; 2007 : blood test
  8. De Paoli Daniele at 0h14'20'' - 2001 : in the act
  9. Clavero Sebastian Daniel at 0h15'53'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
  10. Sgambelluri Roberto at 0h17'31'' - 2002 : positive control
  11. Camenzind Oscar at 0h17'39'' - 2004 : positive control
  12. Zintchenko Andrei at 0h20'14''
  13. Sevilla Oscar at 0h22'44'' - 2000 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2010 : positive control
  14. Virenque Richard at 0h24'15'' - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
  15. Buenahora Hernan at 0h24'38'' - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  16. Missaglia Gabriele at 0h42'12'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  17. Di Grande Giuseppe at 0h44'23'' - 2001 : in the act
  18. Padrnos Pavel at 0h44'30'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
  19. Luttenberger Peter at 0h47'39''
  20. Miceli Nicola at 0h47'39'' - 1998 : blood test
  21. Shefer Alexandre at 0h51'31''
  22. Teteriouk Andrei at 0h51'48''
  23. Gonzalez-pico José-jaime at 0h53'36'' - 2001 : in the act
  24. Puttini Felice at 1h00'25''
  25. Mason Oscar at 1h02'17'' - 1998 : positive control
  26. Glomser Gerrit at 1h04'15''
  27. Secchiari Francesco at 1h06'18''
  28. Noe Andrea at 1h09'58''
  29. Zarrabeitia Mikel at 1h11'37''
  30. Rebellin Davide at 1h14'11'' - 2008 : positive control
  31. Zanetti Mauro at 1h14'28''
  32. Tronca Amilcare at 1h17'28''
  33. Jimenez José-maria at 1h19'34'' - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
  34. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis at 1h23'14'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  35. Gasperoni Cristian at 1h28'25''
  36. Figueras Giuliano at 1h35'04'' - 2001 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control
  37. Spezialetti Alessandro at 1h37'41'' - 2004 : in the act
  38. Piccoli Mariano at 1h39'02'' - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  39. Cerezo Perales Francisco at 1h39'29''
  40. Duma Volodimyr at 1h41'13''
  41. Pena Miguel Angel at 1h45'00''
  42. Della Vedova Marco at 1h48'01''
  43. Tosatto Mauro Matteo at 1h49'24''
  44. Bettini Paolo at 1h50'25''
  45. Indurain Prudencio at 1h52'06''
  46. Caucchioli Pietro at 1h52'19'' - 2009 : biological passport
  47. Donati Massimo at 1h54'51''
  48. Mcrae Chann at 1h55'12''
  49. Pozzi Oscar at 1h55'23''
  50. Gentili Massimiliano at 2h00'58''
  51. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio at 2h03'07''
  52. Berzin Evgueni at 2h05'45'' - 2000 : blood test
  53. Dotti Fausto at 2h06'20''
  54. Casagrande Filippo at 2h10'09'' - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  55. Richard Pascal at 2h10'09''
  56. Peron Andrea at 2h10'09'' - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
  57. Magnani Marco at 2h10'21'' - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : judicial investigation
  58. Ekimov Viatcheslav at 2h14'08''
  59. Hamburger Bo at 2h17'06'' - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control
  60. Petito Roberto at 2h21'15'' - 1997 : positive control (no penalty)
  61. Frattini Cristiano at 2h26'59''
  62. Panetta Stefano at 2h32'52''
  63. Pena Victor-hugo at 2h33'46'' - 2002 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  64. Guidi Fabrizio at 2h37'14'' - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
  65. Valoti Paolo at 2h38'45''
  66. Bruseghin Marzio at 2h38'45'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  67. Scirea Mario at 2h40'43'' - 2004 : in the act
  68. Cabello Francisco at 2h41'15'' - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
  69. Cassani Enrico at 2h41'56'' - 2003 : positive control
  70. Petacchi Alessandro at 2h43'05'' - 2007 : positive control ; 2012 : judicial investigation
  71. Sironi Gian-luca at 2h43'05''
  72. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo at 2h45'48''
  73. Martin Perdiguero Miguel-angel at 2h46'23''
  74. Celestino Mirko at 2h47'01''
  75. Hvastija Martin at 2h47'35'' - 2001 : in the act
  76. Pellicioli Oscar at 2h47'54''
  77. Ivanov Ruslan at 2h48'11''
  78. Klier Andreas at 2h51'46'' - 1999 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
  79. Edo Angel at 2h53'09'' - 1998 : blood test
  80. Tafi Andrea at 2h53'18'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  81. Pieri Dario at 2h53'27''
  82. Ferrari Diego at 2h55'05''
  83. Bertoletti Simone at 2h56'41''
  84. Navas Chica David at 2h56'45'' - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  85. Gonzalez Capilla Santos at 2h56'45'' - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
  86. Fagnini Gianmatteo at 2h57'15''
  87. Conte Biagio at 2h58'20''
  88. Gili Marco at 2h58'34'' - 1997 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
  89. Canada David at 2h58'34''
  90. Simeoni Filippo at 2h59'38'' - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
  91. Lafis Michel at 3h00'45''
  92. Smetanine Serguei at 3h01'01''
  93. Salmeron Gines at 3h03'39''
  94. Hernandez Eduardo at 3h03'39''
  95. Frutti Matteo at 3h06'19''
  96. Ongarato Rodolfo at 3h06'46''
  97. Turicchia Alain at 3h07'03'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  98. Apollonio Massimo at 3h07'28'' - 1998 : blood test
  99. Schiavina Samuele at 3h08'08''
  100. Fornaciari Paolo at 3h08'08''
  101. Sastre Carlos at 3h09'39''
  102. Balducci Gabriele at 3h09'54''
  103. Baldato Fabio at 3h12'12''
  104. Radaelli Mauro at 3h17'03''
  105. Bianchi Carlo Marino at 3h17'41''
  106. Trenti Guido at 3h19'30'' - 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  107. Zanette Denis at 3h19'54'' - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
  108. Strazzer Massimo at 3h19'54'' - 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
  109. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 3h24'20'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  110. Brognara Andrea at 3h24'53''
  111. Faustini Stefano at 3h25'08''
  112. Arazzi Francesco at 3h25'28''
  113. Minali Nicola at 3h27'21'' - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  114. Galletti Alessio at 3h32'56'' - 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
  115. Van Kessel Miguel at 3h37'03''
  116. Van Dijck Hendrik at 3h48'49''



The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Zintchenko Andrei
  2. Luttenberger Peter
  3. Shefer Alexandre
  4. Teteriouk Andrei
  5. Puttini Felice
  6. Glomser Gerrit
  7. Secchiari Francesco
  8. Noe Andrea
  9. Zarrabeitia Mikel
  10. Zanetti Mauro
  11. Tronca Amilcare
  12. Gasperoni Cristian
  13. Cerezo Perales Francisco
  14. Duma Volodimyr
  15. Pena Miguel Angel
  16. Della Vedova Marco
  17. Tosatto Mauro Matteo
  18. Bettini Paolo
  19. Indurain Prudencio
  20. Donati Massimo
  21. Mcrae Chann
  22. Pozzi Oscar
  23. Gentili Massimiliano
  24. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio
  25. Dotti Fausto
  26. Richard Pascal
  27. Ekimov Viatcheslav
  28. Frattini Cristiano
  29. Panetta Stefano
  30. Valoti Paolo
  31. Sironi Gian-luca
  32. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
  33. Martin Perdiguero Miguel-angel
  34. Celestino Mirko
  35. Pellicioli Oscar
  36. Ivanov Ruslan
  37. Pieri Dario
  38. Ferrari Diego
  39. Bertoletti Simone
  40. Fagnini Gianmatteo
  41. Conte Biagio
  42. Canada David
  43. Lafis Michel
  44. Smetanine Serguei
  45. Salmeron Gines
  46. Hernandez Eduardo
  47. Frutti Matteo
  48. Ongarato Rodolfo
  49. Schiavina Samuele
  50. Fornaciari Paolo
  51. Sastre Carlos
  52. Balducci Gabriele
  53. Baldato Fabio
  54. Radaelli Mauro
  55. Bianchi Carlo Marino
  56. Brognara Andrea
  57. Faustini Stefano
  58. Arazzi Francesco
  59. Van Kessel Miguel
  60. Van Dijck Hendrik



The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Mercatone Uno - Bianchi

7 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 2,57 per year

1. Pantani Marco - 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
2. Zaina Enrico
3. Garzelli Stefano - 2002 : positive control
4. Forconi Riccardo - 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
5. Borgheresi Simone - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
6. Brignoli Ermanno - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
7. Fontanelli Fabiano - 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
8. Velo Marco - 1994 : positive control ; 1999 : positive control ; 2000 : positive control
9. Podenzana Massimo - 1986 : positive control

Amica Chips - Costa de Almeria

19 years of existence, 7 cases, ie 0,37 per year

11. Berzin Evgueni - 2000 : blood test
12. De Paoli Daniele - 2001 : in the act
13. Ekimov Viatcheslav
14. Puttini Felice
15. Tronca Amilcare
16. Caucchioli Pietro - 2009 : biological passport
17. Campagnari Simone
18. Gili Marco - 1997 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
19. Arazzi Francesco

Ballan - Alessio

9 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 1,11 per year

21. Baldato Fabio
22. Baldo Filippo
23. Ferrigato Andrea
24. Gontchenkov Alexandre
25. Loda Nicola - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
26. Hvastija Martin - 2001 : in the act
27. Simoni Gilberto - 1998 : blood test ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2002 : positive control (no penalty)
28. Tosatto Mauro Matteo
29. Ugrumov Piotr - 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)

Banesto

41 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,71 per year

31. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
32. Bruseghin Marzio - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
33. Jimenez José-maria - 199x : dead in 2003 ; 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
34. Zülle Alex - 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
35. Navas Chica David - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
36. Osa Aitor
37. Piepoli Leonardo - 2007 : positive control (2 times) ; 2008 : positive control (2 times)
38. Pena Miguel Angel
39. Rodrigues Gomes Orlando Sergio

Cantina Tollo - Alexia Alluminio

12 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 1,33 per year

41. Minali Nicola - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
42. Brognara Andrea
43. Trenti Guido - 2006 : police investigation (sanction not known)
44. Sgambelluri Roberto - 2002 : positive control
45. Gentili Massimiliano
46. Gasperoni Cristian
47. Magnani Marco - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : judicial investigation
48. Di Luca Danilo - 199x : confessions in 2014 ; 2004 : in the act ; 2005 : confessions in 2016 (no penalty) ; 2007 : positive control ; 2007 : in the act ; 2009 : positive control (2 times) ; 2013 : positive control, confessions in 2014
49. Hamburger Bo - 199x : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1999 : laboratory inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control ; 2003 : positive control

Kelme - Costa Blanca

36 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,72 per year

51. Rubiera Vigil José-luis
52. Heras Roberto - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
53. Edo Angel - 1998 : blood test
54. Gonzalez-pico José-jaime - 2001 : in the act
55. Cabello Francisco - 1994 : positive control (5 times)
56. Sevilla Oscar - 2000 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2010 : positive control
57. Hernandez Eduardo
58. Otxoa Javier - 1999 : positive control
59. Uria Gonzales José-manuel

Lampre - Daikin-Colnago

27 years of existence, 30 cases, ie 1,11 per year

61. Camenzind Oscar - 2004 : positive control
62. Bertoletti Simone
63. Codol Massimo - 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
64. Della Vedova Marco
65. Frutti Matteo
66. Missaglia Gabriele - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known)
67. Padrnos Pavel - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)
68. Piccoli Mariano - 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
69. Svorada Jan

Liquigas - Pata

13 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,15 per year

71. Miceli Nicola - 1998 : blood test
72. Teteriouk Andrei
73. Frattini Cristiano
74. Leoni Endrio - 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
75. Conte Biagio
76. Mason Oscar - 1998 : positive control
77. Ongarato Rodolfo
78. Dotti Fausto
79. Ivanov Ruslan

Mapei - Quick Step

28 years of existence, 24 cases, ie 0,86 per year

81. Bettini Paolo
82. Di Grande Giuseppe - 2001 : in the act
83. Figueras Giuliano - 2001 : positive control ; 2002 : positive control
84. Fornaciari Paolo
85. Mueller Dirk - 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : positive control
86. Mcrae Chann
87. Noe Andrea
88. Tafi Andrea - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
89. Van Heeswijk Max - 2007 : confessions in 2011 (no penalty)

Mobilvetta Design - Northwave

10 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 1,6 per year

91. Richard Pascal
92. Spezialetti Alessandro - 2004 : in the act
93. Stangelj Gorazd - 2000 : positive control
94. Valoti Paolo
95. Quaranta Ivan
96. Strazzer Massimo - 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
97. Faustini Stefano
98. Gualdi Mirko
99. Trombetta Guido - 1999 : blood test (no penalty)

Navigare - Gaerne

39 years of existence, 16 cases, ie 0,41 per year

101. Axelsson Niklas - 2001 : positive control + confessions ; 2009 : positive control
102. Balducci Gabriele
103. Pieri Dario
104. Duma Volodimyr
105. Cei Luca
106. Petacchi Alessandro - 2007 : positive control ; 2012 : judicial investigation
107. Glomser Gerrit
108. Panetta Stefano
109. Zanetti Aldo

O.N.C.E. - Deutsche Bank

18 years of existence, 18 cases, ie 1 per year

111. Canada David
112. Cuesta Lopez De Castro Inigo
113. Gonzalez Capilla Santos - 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2005 : internal control (no penalty) ; 2006 : positive control
114. Jalabert Laurent - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
115. Luttenberger Peter
116. Martin Perdiguero Miguel-angel
117. Peron Andrea - 2001 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2004 : in the act (no penalty) ; 2011 : positive control (sanction not known)
118. Sastre Carlos
119. Zarrabeitia Mikel

Riso Scotti - Vinavil

3 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 1 per year

121. Bianchi Carlo Marino
122. Ferrari Diego
123. Basso Ivan - 2006 : confessions in 2007
124. Schiavina Samuele
125. Shefer Alexandre
126. Pozzi Oscar
127. Simeoni Filippo - 1993 : confessions in 1999 (no penalty) ; 2001 : positive control
128. Turicchia Alain - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
129. Palumbo Giuseppe

Saeco Macchine da Caffè - Cannondale

15 years of existence, 20 cases, ie 1,33 per year

131. Cipollini Mario - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
132. Savoldelli Paolo - 2005 : disciplinary investigation
133. Calcaterra Giuseppe - 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
134. Fagnini Gianmatteo
135. Frigo Dario - 1996 : confessions in 2001 (sanction not known) ; 2001 : confessions in 2001 ; 2005 : judicial investigation and confessions
136. Galletti Alessio - 2000 : in the act ; 2004 : in the act
137. Petito Roberto - 1997 : positive control (no penalty)
138. Scirea Mario - 2004 : in the act
139. Secchiari Francesco

Team Colpack Polti

7 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,43 per year

141. Cassani Enrico - 2003 : positive control
142. Celestino Mirko
143. Gotti Ivan - 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
144. Guidi Fabrizio - 2005 : positive control (no penalty)
145. Goubert Stéphane
146. Pellicioli Oscar
147. Rebellin Davide - 2008 : positive control
148. Virenque Richard - 1994 : confessions in 2000 ; 1998 : blood test, urine, hair (sanction not known) ; 1999 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 1999 : confessions in 1999 (sanction not known)
149. Zanette Denis - 2001 : in the act (sanction not known)

TVM - Farm Frites

25 years of existence, 25 cases, ie 1 per year

151. Blijlevens Jeroen - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1998 : senate inquiry and confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
152. Casarotto Davide
153. Van Dijck Hendrik
154. Ivanov Sergueï - 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
155. Klier Andreas - 1999 : confessions in 2013 (no penalty)
156. Lafis Michel
157. Asmaker Olivier
158. Vries Peter
159. Van Kessel Miguel

Vini Caldirola - Sidermec

27 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 0,48 per year

161. Apollonio Massimo - 1998 : blood test
162. Hauptman Andrej - 2000 : blood test
163. Casagrande Filippo - 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
164. Donati Massimo
165. Honchar Sergei - 1999 : blood test ; 2007 : blood test
166. Sironi Gian-luca
167. Radaelli Mauro
168. Vainsteins Romans - 2003 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
169. Zanetti Mauro

Vitalicio Seguros - Grupo Generali

3 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 1,33 per year

171. Clavero Sebastian Daniel - 1998 : blood test ; 2001 : police investigation
172. Blanco Gil Santiago
173. Buenahora Hernan - 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
174. Zintchenko Andrei
175. Smetanine Serguei
176. Indurain Prudencio
177. Cerezo Perales Francisco
178. Pena Victor-hugo - 2002 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
179. Salmeron Gines



See also