Giro d'Italia 1989 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
7-Eleven 9 2 1 0 1 0
ADR 9 0 0 0 0 0
Alfa Lum 9 1 0 0 0 0
Atala 9 3 0 0 0 0
Café de Colombia 9 3 0 0 0 0
Caja Rural 9 1 1 1 0 0
Carrera 9 5 1 0 0 0
Ariostea 9 3 0 0 0 0
Del Tongo 9 1 1 0 0 0
Fagor 9 5 1 1 0 0
Frank 9 0 0 0 0 0
Gewiss 9 2 0 0 0 0
Hitachi 9 3 1 1 0 0
Jolly 9 0 0 0 0 0
Malvor 9 3 1 1 1 1
Panasonic 9 3 1 0 0 0
Pepsi Cola 9 3 0 0 0 0
Château d'Ax 9 3 0 0 0 0
Selca 8 2 0 0 0 0
Seur 9 0 1 0 0 0
U 9 3 1 1 1 1
TVM 9 3 0 0 0 0
Total 197 49 10 5 3 2
Pourcentage 25% 50% 67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (12/11/2010)

  1. Fignon Laurent in 93h30'16'' Red card 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
  2. Giupponi Flavio at 0h01'15'' Red card 1988 : absence to control
  3. Hampsten Andrew at 0h02'46''
  4. Breukink Erik at 0h05'02''
  5. Chioccioli Franco at 0h05'43''
  6. Zimmermann Urs at 0h06'28''
  7. Criquielion Claude at 0h06'34'' Yellow card 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
  8. Giovannetti Marco at 0h07'44''
  9. Roche Stephen Red card 1993 : police investigation
  10. Lejarreta Marino at 0h08'09'' Red card 1985 : positive control
  11. Pulnikov Vladimir at 0h09'50''
  12. Conti Roberto at 0h10'03'' Red card 2002 : in the act
  13. Anderson Phil at 0h12'06'' Red card 1983 : positive control
  14. Skibby Jesper at 0h12'13'' Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  15. Argentin Moreno at 0h12'16''
  16. Ugrumov Piotr at 0h14'27'' Yellow card 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  17. Vona Franco at 0h14'39''
  18. Herrera Luis at 0h16'19''
  19. Mujika Aramburu Jokin at 0h22'02''
  20. Unzaga Bombin Jon at 0h24'56''
  21. Cabrera Samuel at 0h31'39'' Red card 2004 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
  22. Schepers Eddy at 0h31'43'' Yellow card 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)
  23. Bugno Gianni at 0h32'23'' Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  24. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador at 0h32'29''
  25. Blanco Villar Jesus at 0h34'28''
  26. Tomasini Stefano at 0h36'21''
  27. Gelfi Luca at 0h37'39''
  28. Fondriest Maurizio at 0h38'52''
  29. Winnen Peter at 0h39'54'' Yellow card 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
  30. Van Aert Jos at 0h40'50''
  31. Biondi Laurent at 0h41'27'' Yellow card 2005 : police investigation (no penalty)
  32. Salvador Ennio at 0h44'39''
  33. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar at 0h45'43''
  34. Haex Jozef at 0h46'26'' Red card 1987 : positive control
  35. Pavlic Yure at 0h49'14''
  36. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 0h49'58'' Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  37. Garde Dominique at 0h52'09''
  38. Rodriguez Gil Manuel at 0h53'50''
  39. Lemond Greg at 0h54'23''
  40. Carlsen John at 0h54'50''
  41. Pozzi Alessandro 1 at 0h55'15''
  42. Ouslamine Serguei at 0h56'28''
  43. Rossi Maurizio at 0h57'43''
  44. Cardenas Ordus Henry at 0h58'26''
  45. Arambarri Arregui Jesus at 0h58'32''
  46. Chiappucci Claudio at 0h59'54'' Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
  47. Decrion Jacques at 1h03'24'' Red card 1988 : positive control
  48. Da Silva Acacio at 1h04'09'' Red card 1984 : positive control
  49. Bruyère Bruno at 1h05'44''
  50. Piovani Maurizio at 1h06'21''
  51. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe at 1h13'49''
  52. Forest Robert at 1h16'50''
  53. Contini Silvano at 1h17'47'' Red card 1987 : positive control
  54. Soukhoroutchenkov Sergei at 1h18'21''
  55. Amadori Marino at 1h20'24''
  56. Perini Giancarlo at 1h22'26'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  57. Salomon Eric at 1h23'22''
  58. Golovatenko Nikolai at 1h27'31''
  59. Pierce Jeff at 1h28'23''
  60. Arroyo Miguel at 1h29'48''
  61. Brugnami Gianluca at 1h29'57''
  62. Stutz Werner at 1h31'53''
  63. Zadrobilek Gerhard at 1h33'21''
  64. Lauritzen Dag-otto at 1h34'47''
  65. Peillon Jean-louis at 1h35'31''
  66. Schalkers Martin at 1h35'37''
  67. Piasecki Lech at 1h37'58''
  68. Ghirotto Massimo at 1h38'12''
  69. Lubberding Henk at 1h41'18''
  70. De Wolf Alfons at 1h42'46''
  71. Worre Jesper at 1h45'27'' Yellow card 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)
  72. Garcia Martinez José Rafael at 1h45'41''
  73. De Vos Hendrik at 1h45'42'' Yellow card 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
  74. Van Lancker Eric at 1h46'52''
  75. Saronni Giuseppe at 1h47'13'' Yellow card 1983 : disciplinary investigation (no penalty)
  76. Luykx Daan at 1h48'14''
  77. Lang Czeslaw at 1h48'27''
  78. Lecchi Angelo at 1h49'34''
  79. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h53'18'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  80. Jdanov Vassili at 1h53'40''
  81. Espinosa Sampere Francisco at 1h57'55''
  82. Bordonali Fabio at 1h58'11''
  83. Canzonieri Angelo at 2h01'47''
  84. Kimmage Paul at 2h04'04'' Yellow card 1987 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty)
  85. Massi Rodolfo at 2h04'32'' Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  86. Riis Bjarne at 2h07'40'' Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  87. Cavallaro Salvatore at 2h08'00''
  88. Giuliani Stefano at 2h09'57''
  89. Rocchi Edoardo at 2h10'22''
  90. Rossignoli Francesco at 2h10'23''
  91. Boffo Luciano at 2h11'58''
  92. Chiesa Mario at 2h12'29'' Yellow card 1993 : police investigation (no penalty)
  93. Tchmil Andrei at 2h14'23''
  94. Rabottini Luciano at 2h19'33''
  95. Corti Claudio at 2h23'00''
  96. Bergamo Marco at 2h24'36''
  97. Bielli Luigi at 2h28'01''
  98. Sanchez Valencia José-antonio at 2h29'57''
  99. Siemons Jan at 2h31'06''
  100. Kälin Karl at 2h31'34''
  101. Zen Marco at 2h32'05''
  102. Kiefel Ron at 2h32'53''
  103. Morjean Stefan at 2h34'04''
  104. Kleinsman Rob at 2h37'45''
  105. Talen John at 2h40'56''
  106. Bruggmann Jurg at 2h42'16''
  107. Henn Christian at 2h45'22'' Red card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
  108. Martinello Silvio at 2h48'05''
  109. Petito Giuseppe at 2h49'02''
  110. Fidanza Giovanni at 2h50'23''
  111. Garcianda Pellejero Javier at 2h56'00''
  112. Zanatta Stefano at 3h01'28''
  113. Arntz Marcel at 3h01'46''
  114. Roll Bob at 3h02'35''
  115. Steinmann Kurt at 3h05'47''
  116. Marie Thierry at 3h06'15''
  117. Popp Paul at 3h10'39''
  118. Thary Christian at 3h11'49''
  119. Gioia Danilo at 3h11'59''
  120. Del Ben Daniele at 3h14'14''
  121. Cimini Paolo at 3h15'59''
  122. Marki Hans-ruedi at 3h18'50''
  123. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 3h22'48'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  124. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria at 3h23'15''
  125. Hoste Frank at 3h28'15''
  126. Schwarzentruber Pius at 3h30'26''
  127. Rosola Paolo at 3h31'34''
  128. Baffi Adriano at 3h31'50''
  129. Dekker Dick at 3h36'41''
  130. Rio Claudio at 3h39'13''
  131. Scirea Mario at 3h40'30'' Red card 2004 : in the act
  132. Van Poppel Jean-paul at 3h47'34''
  133. Szostek Noël at 3h38'36''
  134. Cecini Stefano at 3h55'15''
  135. Bruschi Daniele at 3h55'39''
  136. Lammerts Johan at 3h57'43''
  137. Bruscoli Simone at 4h01'52''
  138. Di Basco Alessio at 4h02'13'' Red card 1992 : positive control
  139. Carli Davide at 4h03'19''
  140. Allocchio Stefano at 4h11'03''
  141. Gambirasio Patrizio at 4h21'10''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Hampsten Andrew
  2. Breukink Erik
  3. Chioccioli Franco
  4. Zimmermann Urs
  5. Giovannetti Marco
  6. Pulnikov Vladimir
  7. Argentin Moreno
  8. Vona Franco
  9. Herrera Luis
  10. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
  11. Unzaga Bombin Jon
  12. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador
  13. Blanco Villar Jesus
  14. Tomasini Stefano
  15. Gelfi Luca
  16. Fondriest Maurizio
  17. Van Aert Jos
  18. Salvador Ennio
  19. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
  20. Pavlic Yure
  21. Garde Dominique
  22. Rodriguez Gil Manuel
  23. Lemond Greg
  24. Carlsen John
  25. Pozzi Alessandro 1
  26. Ouslamine Serguei
  27. Rossi Maurizio
  28. Cardenas Ordus Henry
  29. Arambarri Arregui Jesus
  30. Bruyère Bruno
  31. Piovani Maurizio
  32. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
  33. Forest Robert
  34. Soukhoroutchenkov Sergei
  35. Amadori Marino
  36. Salomon Eric
  37. Golovatenko Nikolai
  38. Pierce Jeff
  39. Arroyo Miguel
  40. Brugnami Gianluca
  41. Stutz Werner
  42. Zadrobilek Gerhard
  43. Lauritzen Dag-otto
  44. Peillon Jean-louis
  45. Schalkers Martin
  46. Piasecki Lech
  47. Ghirotto Massimo
  48. Lubberding Henk
  49. De Wolf Alfons
  50. Garcia Martinez José Rafael
  51. Van Lancker Eric
  52. Luykx Daan
  53. Lang Czeslaw
  54. Lecchi Angelo
  55. Jdanov Vassili
  56. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
  57. Bordonali Fabio
  58. Canzonieri Angelo
  59. Cavallaro Salvatore
  60. Giuliani Stefano
  61. Rocchi Edoardo
  62. Rossignoli Francesco
  63. Boffo Luciano
  64. Tchmil Andrei
  65. Rabottini Luciano
  66. Corti Claudio
  67. Bergamo Marco
  68. Bielli Luigi
  69. Sanchez Valencia José-antonio
  70. Siemons Jan
  71. Kälin Karl
  72. Zen Marco
  73. Kiefel Ron
  74. Morjean Stefan
  75. Kleinsman Rob
  76. Talen John
  77. Bruggmann Jurg
  78. Martinello Silvio
  79. Petito Giuseppe
  80. Fidanza Giovanni
  81. Garcianda Pellejero Javier
  82. Zanatta Stefano
  83. Arntz Marcel
  84. Roll Bob
  85. Steinmann Kurt
  86. Marie Thierry
  87. Popp Paul
  88. Thary Christian
  89. Gioia Danilo
  90. Del Ben Daniele
  91. Cimini Paolo
  92. Marki Hans-ruedi
  93. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
  94. Hoste Frank
  95. Schwarzentruber Pius
  96. Rosola Paolo
  97. Baffi Adriano
  98. Dekker Dick
  99. Rio Claudio
  100. Van Poppel Jean-paul
  101. Szostek Noël
  102. Cecini Stefano
  103. Bruschi Daniele
  104. Lammerts Johan
  105. Bruscoli Simone
  106. Carli Davide
  107. Allocchio Stefano
  108. Gambirasio Patrizio


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

7-Eleven

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

1. Hampsten Andrew
2. Yates Sean Yellow card 1989 : positive control (no penalty)
3. Lauritzen Dag-otto
4. Phinney Davis
5. Kiefel Ron
6. Zadrobilek Gerhard
7. Roll Bob
8. Pierce Jeff
9. Veggerby Jens Red card 1993 : positive control

ADR

15 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,73 per year

11. Lemond Greg
12. Arroyo Miguel
13. De Wolf Alfons
14. Hoste Frank
15. Lammerts Johan
16. Namtvedt Bo-andré
17. Szostek Noël
18. Bailey Chris
19. Carter Mike

Alfa Lum

8 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,13 per year

21. Konyshev Dimitri
22. Soukhoroutchenkov Sergei
23. Ivanov Ivan
24. Pulnikov Vladimir
25. Tchmil Andrei
26. Ugrumov Piotr Yellow card 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
27. Ouslamine Serguei
28. Jdanov Vassili
29. Golovatenko Nikolai

Atala

25 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,4 per year

31. Bruschi Daniele
32. Calcaterra Giuseppe Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
33. Cortinovis Tullio
34. Gioia Danilo
35. Podenzana Massimo Red card 1986 : positive control
36. Lelli Massimiliano
37. Massi Rodolfo Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
38. Martinello Silvio
39. Vandelli Maurizio

Café de Colombia

6 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,17 per year

41. Sierra Pena Alvaro
42. Arias Acosta Juan-carlos
43. Cabrera Samuel Red card 2004 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
44. Cadena Villejas Julio-cesar
45. Cardenas Ordus Henry
46. Herrera Luis
47. Pedersen Jorgen-vagn
48. Scirea Mario Red card 2004 : in the act
49. Worre Jesper Yellow card 1992 : positive control (sanction not known)

Caja Rural

12 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,25 per year

51. Lejarreta Marino Red card 1985 : positive control
52. Mujika Aramburu Jokin
53. Arntz Marcel
54. Garcianda Pellejero Javier
55. Arambarri Arregui Jesus
56. Sanchez Valencia José-antonio
57. Popp Paul
58. Dekker Dick
59. Sanchis Tormo Jose-salvador

Carrera

21 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,52 per year

61. Zimmermann Urs
62. Da Silva Acacio Red card 1984 : positive control
63. Pavlic Yure
64. Henn Christian Red card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
65. Chiappucci Claudio Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
66. Ghirotto Massimo
67. Chiesa Mario Yellow card 1993 : police investigation (no penalty)
68. Perini Giancarlo Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
69. Votolo Marco-franco

Ariostea

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

71. Baffi Adriano
72. Carcano Sergio
73. Cenghialta Bruno Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
74. Cesarini Francesco
75. Joho Stephan
76. Petito Giuseppe
77. Rabottini Luciano
78. Elli Alberto Red card 2001 : in the act
79. Sorensen Rolf Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)

Del Tongo

10 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,3 per year

81. Amadori Marino
82. Bielli Luigi
83. Bergamo Marco
84. Chioccioli Franco
85. Cipollini Mario Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
86. Fondriest Maurizio
87. Gelfi Luca
88. Lecchi Angelo
89. Zen Marco

Fagor

5 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,6 per year

91. Roche Stephen Red card 1993 : police investigation
92. Kimmage Paul Yellow card 1987 : confessions in 1990 (no penalty)
93. Moreau Francis Red card 1996 : positive control
94. Carlsen John
95. Rossignoli Francesco
96. Biondi Laurent Yellow card 2005 : police investigation (no penalty)
97. Chaubet Christian
98. Forest Robert
99. Schepers Eddy Yellow card 1983 : positive control (sanction not known)

Frank

101. Bruggmann Jurg
102. Hurlimann Bruno
103. Rodriguez Gil Manuel
104. Kälin Karl
105. Pedretti Omar
106. Schwarzentruber Pius
107. Ducrot Pascal
108. Steinmann Kurt
109. Stutz Werner

Gewiss

111. Argentin Moreno
112. Bombini Emanuele Red card 2000 : police investigation
113. Cassani Davide
114. Wohlfahrter Arno
115. Leali Bruno Red card 2010 : police investigation
116. Mariuzzo Dario
117. Rosola Paolo
118. Salvador Ennio
119. Tonetti Gianluca

Hitachi

121. Criquielion Claude Yellow card 1985 : positive control (no penalty)
122. Lieckens Jozef
123. De Wolf Dirk
124. Bruyère Bruno
125. De Vos Hendrik Yellow card 1987 : positive control (sanction not known)
126. Haex Jozef Red card 1987 : positive control
127. Morjean Stefan
128. Van Aert Jos
129. Wijnants Jan

Jolly

131. Boffo Luciano
132. Brugnami Gianluca
133. Cecini Stefano
134. Cimini Paolo
135. Del Ben Daniele
136. Di Francesco Raffaele
137. Giuliani Stefano
138. Nespoli Fabrizio
139. Rossi Maurizio

Malvor

141. Saronni Giuseppe Yellow card 1983 : disciplinary investigation (no penalty)
142. Allocchio Stefano
143. Contini Silvano Red card 1987 : positive control
144. Piovani Maurizio
145. Bordonali Fabio
146. Lang Czeslaw
147. Giupponi Flavio Red card 1988 : absence to control
148. Rota Luca
149. Piasecki Lech

Panasonic

151. Breukink Erik
152. Winnen Peter Yellow card 1986 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty)
153. Talen John
154. Peiper Allan Red card 1986 : absence to control ; 1985 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
155. Van Poppel Jean-paul
156. Lubberding Henk
157. Van Lancker Eric
158. Freuler Urs Red card 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
159. Marki Hans-ruedi

Pepsi Cola

161. Thary Christian
162. Brugna Walter Red card 1993 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control
163. Bruscoli Simone
164. Canzonieri Angelo
165. Galleschi Enrico
166. Di Basco Alessio Red card 1992 : positive control
167. Franzoni Giuseppe
168. Santaromita Mauro-antonio Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
169. Tomasini Stefano

Château d'Ax

171. Bugno Gianni Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
172. Rominger Tony Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
173. Corti Claudio
174. Fidanza Giovanni
175. Pozzi Alessandro 1
176. Volpi Alberto Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
177. Vona Franco
178. Vanotti Ennio
179. Zanatta Stefano

Selca

181. Conti Roberto Red card 2002 : in the act
182. Carli Davide
183. Fontanelli Fabiano Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
184. Rio Claudio
185. Gambirasio Patrizio
186. Moro Michele
187. Rocchi Edoardo
188. Vannucci Fabrizio

Seur

24 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,25 per year

191. Giovannetti Marco
192. Cavallaro Salvatore
193. Blanco Villar Jesus
194. Martinez Torres Miguel-angel
195. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
196. Rodriguez Garcia José
197. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
198. Unzaga Bombin Jon
199. Garcia Martinez José Rafael

U

24 years of existence, 22 cases, ie 0,92 per year

201. Fignon Laurent Red card 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
202. Garde Dominique
203. Dubois Pascal
204. Marie Thierry
205. Peillon Jean-louis
206. Barteau Vincent
207. Riis Bjarne Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
208. Decrion Jacques Red card 1988 : positive control
209. Salomon Eric

TVM

211. Anderson Phil Red card 1983 : positive control
212. Pieters Peter
213. Siemons Jan
214. Kleinsman Rob
215. Schalkers Martin
216. Luykx Daan
217. Van Den Brande Jean-philippe
218. Van Der Velde Johann Red card 1981 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 1990 (sanction not known)
219. Skibby Jesper Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also