Giro d'Italia 1994 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Banesto 9 3 1 1 1 1
Amore & Vita 9 6 0 0 0 0
Brescialat 9 2 0 0 0 0
Carrera 9 3 2 2 1 1
Castorama 9 5 1 1 0 0
GB-MG 9 4 0 0 0 0
Gewiss 9 7 1 1 1 1
Jolly 9 3 0 0 0 0
Kelme 9 4 0 0 0 0
Lampre 9 4 1 1 0 0
Mapei 9 2 0 0 0 0
Mercatone Uno 9 4 0 0 0 0
Motorola 9 1 1 0 0 0
Navigare 9 5 1 1 0 0
Polti 9 6 1 1 0 0
Telekom 9 6 0 0 0 0
ZG Mobili 9 4 1 0 0 0
Total 153 69 10 8 3 3
Pourcentage 45% 80% 100%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (11/11/2010)

  1. Berzin Evgueni in 100h41'21'' Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
  2. Pantani Marco at 0h02'51'' Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
  3. Indurain Miguel at 0h03'23'' Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
  4. Tonkov Pavel at 0h11'16'' Yellow card 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
  5. Chiappucci Claudio at 0h11'58'' Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
  6. Rodriguez Nelson at 0h13'17''
  7. Podenzana Massimo at 0h14'35'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  8. Bugno Gianni at 0h15'26'' Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  9. De Las Cuevas Armand at 0h15'35'' Red card 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
  10. Hampsten Andrew at 0h17'21''
  11. Pulnikov Vladimir at 0h18'02''
  12. Belli Wladimir at 0h19'36''
  13. Totschnig Georg at 0h20'04'' Yellow card 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  14. Argentin Moreno at 0h27'47''
  15. Richard Pascal at 0h28'38''
  16. Gotti Ivan at 0h28'59'' Red card 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
  17. Giupponi Flavio at 0h29'39'' Red card 1988 : absence to control
  18. Bolts Udo at 0h30'23'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
  19. Conti Roberto at 0h33'41'' Red card 2002 : in the act
  20. Rebellin Davide at 0h34'46'' Red card 2008 : positive control
  21. Ouchakov Sergueï at 0h37'41'' Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control
  22. Casagrande Francesco at 0h45'32'' Red card 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
  23. Vona Franco at 0h45'38''
  24. Ugrumov Piotr at 0h49'26'' Yellow card 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  25. Pellicioli Oscar at 0h52'13''
  26. Zaina Enrico at 0h52'32''
  27. Madouas Laurent at 0h59'19'' Red card 1994 : positive control
  28. Ferrigato Andrea at 1h03'26''
  29. Coppolillo Michele at 1h06'35'' Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
  30. Sorensen Rolf at 1h08'17'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  31. Faresin Gianni at 1h11'12'' Red card 2000 : blood test
  32. Guerini Giuseppe at 1h11'27''
  33. Munoz Federico at 1h12'44'' Red card 2004 : positive control
  34. Rue Gérard at 1h14'25''
  35. Volpi Alberto at 1h17'04'' Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
  36. Cenghialta Bruno at 1h19'42'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  37. Massi Rodolfo at 1h20'59'' Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  38. Triana Augusto at 1h21'02''
  39. Mejia Alvaro at 1h25'08'' Red card 1987 : positive control
  40. Davy Thomas at 1h25'33'' Red card 1995 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1997 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known)
  41. Ghirotto Massimo at 1h27'43''
  42. Robin Jean-cyril at 1h32'13'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
  43. Bartoli Michele at 1h33'11'' Yellow card 2006 : police investigation (no penalty)
  44. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine at 1h33'40'' Red card 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
  45. Chiurato Andrea at 1h34'55''
  46. Chioccioli Franco at 1h42'02''
  47. Leali Bruno at 1h42'26'' Red card 2010 : police investigation
  48. Zanini Stefano at 1h53'03'' Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
  49. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis at 2h00'41'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  50. Indurain Prudencio at 2h02'33''
  51. Bortolami Gianluca at 2h03'31'' Red card 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
  52. Uriarte José-ramon at 2h05'07''
  53. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 2h05'09'' Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  54. Ortegon Luque Julio-cesar at 2h06'42''
  55. Brochard Laurent at 2h08'52'' Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
  56. Roscioli Fabio at 2h12'37''
  57. Perini Giancarlo at 2h15'20'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  58. Heppner Jens at 2h15'43'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  59. Chiesa Mario at 2h17'19'' Yellow card 1993 : police investigation (no penalty)
  60. Vanzella Flavio at 2h18'16'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  61. Fornaciari Paolo at 2h19'35''
  62. Puttini Felice at 2h20'51''
  63. Sierra Leonardo at 2h24'02''
  64. Saligari Marco at 2h24'57''
  65. Heulot Stéphane at 2h27'18'' Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (no penalty)
  66. Spruch Zbigniew at 2h30'14''
  67. Crespo Zulet Santiago at 2h30'27''
  68. Fontanelli Fabiano at 2h32'04'' Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
  69. Bontempi Guido at 2h35'21'' Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
  70. Riis Bjarne at 2h36'38'' Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  71. Mora Zarate Nestor at 2h38'45''
  72. Nino Corredor Libardo at 2h39'50'' Red card 1997 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2007 : positive control ; 2010 : positive control
  73. Sypytkowski Andrzej at 2h43'58''
  74. Fidanza Giovanni at 2h46'50''
  75. Molinari Maurizio at 2h47'37''
  76. Checchin Stefano at 2h47'38''
  77. Forconi Riccardo at 2h47'53'' Red card 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
  78. Teteriouk Andrei at 2h49'31''
  79. Calcaterra Giuseppe at 2h51'24'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  80. Bramati Davide at 2h51'26''
  81. Dernies Michel at 2h55'21''
  82. Gorini Gianluca at 2h55'34''
  83. Nicoletti Dario at 2h58'47''
  84. Larsen Steven at 3h00'48''
  85. Scirea Mario at 3h01'44'' Red card 2004 : in the act
  86. Scinto Luca at 3h02'41''
  87. Nijboer Erwin at 3h02'47''
  88. Pillon Laurent at 3h04'36''
  89. Piccoli Mariano at 3h07'32'' Red card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  90. Dotti Fausto at 3h12'36''
  91. Lombardi Giovanni at 3h15'41'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  92. Tebaldi Valerio at 3h16'43''
  93. Krieger Dominik at 3h21'09''
  94. Foucachon René Red card 1987 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions ; 1997 : judicial investigation
  95. Smith Brian at 3h22'35''
  96. Borgheresi Simone at 3h22'42'' Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
  97. Pagnin Roberto at 3h31'38''
  98. Poli Eros at 3h34'04'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  99. Werner Jurgen at 3h35'05''

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Rodriguez Nelson
  2. Hampsten Andrew
  3. Pulnikov Vladimir
  4. Belli Wladimir
  5. Argentin Moreno
  6. Richard Pascal
  7. Vona Franco
  8. Pellicioli Oscar
  9. Zaina Enrico
  10. Ferrigato Andrea
  11. Guerini Giuseppe
  12. Rue Gérard
  13. Triana Augusto
  14. Ghirotto Massimo
  15. Chiurato Andrea
  16. Chioccioli Franco
  17. Indurain Prudencio
  18. Uriarte José-ramon
  19. Ortegon Luque Julio-cesar
  20. Roscioli Fabio
  21. Fornaciari Paolo
  22. Puttini Felice
  23. Sierra Leonardo
  24. Saligari Marco
  25. Spruch Zbigniew
  26. Crespo Zulet Santiago
  27. Mora Zarate Nestor
  28. Sypytkowski Andrzej
  29. Fidanza Giovanni
  30. Molinari Maurizio
  31. Checchin Stefano
  32. Teteriouk Andrei
  33. Bramati Davide
  34. Dernies Michel
  35. Gorini Gianluca
  36. Nicoletti Dario
  37. Larsen Steven
  38. Scinto Luca
  39. Nijboer Erwin
  40. Pillon Laurent
  41. Dotti Fausto
  42. Tebaldi Valerio
  43. Krieger Dominik
  44. Smith Brian
  45. Pagnin Roberto
  46. Werner Jurgen


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Banesto

45 years of existence, 29 cases, ie 0,64 per year

1. Indurain Miguel Yellow card 1994 : positive control (no penalty)
2. Arrieta Lujambio José Luis Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
3. Crespo Zulet Santiago
4. Heulot Stéphane Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (no penalty)
5. Indurain Prudencio
6. Montoya Alarcon Jesus
7. Rue Gérard
8. Uriarte José-ramon
9. Nijboer Erwin

Amore & Vita

33 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,27 per year

11. Forconi Riccardo Red card 1998 : positive control ; 2001 : positive control
12. Borgheresi Simone Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
13. Calcaterra Giuseppe Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
14. Pierobon Gianluca Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
15. Di Basco Alessio Red card 1992 : positive control
16. Massi Rodolfo Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
17. Bonca Walter
18. Molinari Maurizio
19. Fanelli Antonio

Brescialat

21. Giupponi Flavio Red card 1988 : absence to control
22. Leali Bruno Red card 2010 : police investigation
23. Bordonali Fabio
24. Gelfi Luca
25. Roscioli Fabio
26. Vanderaerden Eric
27. Pelliconi Roberto
28. Puttini Felice
29. Imboden Heinz

Carrera

21 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,52 per year

31. Chiappucci Claudio Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
32. Pulnikov Vladimir
33. Sierra Leonardo
34. Pantani Marco Red card 1993 : medical control (sanction not known) ; 1995 : medical control + poursuites judiciaires ; 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 1999 : blood test ; 2001 : in the act
35. Chiesa Mario Yellow card 1993 : police investigation (no penalty)
36. Schiavina Samuele
37. Checchin Stefano
38. Artunghi Marco
39. Rossi Remo

Castorama

24 years of existence, 22 cases, ie 0,92 per year

41. De Las Cuevas Armand Red card 1995 : border control ; 2006 : positive control
42. Bourguignon Thierry
43. Brochard Laurent Red card 1991 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : confessions in 2000 (no penalty) ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 ; 1998 : positive control
44. Davy Thomas Red card 1995 : confessions in 1998 (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control ; 1996 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 1997 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1998 : confessions (sanction not known)
45. Jeker Fabian
46. Madouas Laurent Red card 1994 : positive control
47. Marie Thierry
48. Robin Jean-cyril Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2004 (sanction not known)
49. Trumheller Henrich

GB-MG

8 years of existence, 8 cases, ie 1 per year

51. Baldato Fabio
52. Rebellin Davide Red card 2008 : positive control
53. Richard Pascal
54. Saligari Marco
55. Sciandri Maximilian Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
56. Scinto Luca
57. Sorensen Rolf Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
58. Vanzella Flavio Red card 1986 : positive control
59. Vona Franco

Gewiss

5 years of existence, 13 cases, ie 2,6 per year

61. Furlan Giorgio Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
62. Argentin Moreno
63. Bontempi Guido Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
64. Berzin Evgueni Red card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty) ; 2000 : blood test
65. Volpi Alberto Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
66. Ugrumov Piotr Yellow card 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
67. Riis Bjarne Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
68. Cenghialta Bruno Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
69. Zaina Enrico

Jolly

71. Jaskula Zenon Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
72. Konyshev Dimitri
73. Leoni Endrio Red card 2001 : in the act ; 2002 : positive control
74. Foucachon René Red card 1987 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1996 : judicial investigation and confessions ; 1997 : judicial investigation
75. Pillon Laurent
76. Rezze Dante
77. Zanatta Stefano
78. Dotti Fausto
79. Gorini Gianluca

Kelme

36 years of existence, 27 cases, ie 0,75 per year

81. Cubino Laudelino Yellow card 1993 : positive control (sanction not known)
82. Triana Augusto
83. Munoz Federico Red card 2004 : positive control
84. Sypytkowski Andrzej
85. Mora Zarate Nestor
86. Nino Corredor Libardo Red card 1997 : positive control (sanction not known) ; 2007 : positive control ; 2010 : positive control
87. Vidal Jose-angel
88. Ortegon Luque Julio-cesar
89. Buenahora Hernan Red card 2006 : positive control ; 2008 : positive control

Lampre

91. Tonkov Pavel Yellow card 1999 : blood test (sanction not known)
92. Belli Wladimir
93. Bramati Davide
94. Conti Roberto Red card 2002 : in the act
95. Faresin Gianni Red card 2000 : blood test
96. Gualdi Mirko
97. Lombardi Giovanni Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
98. Spruch Zbigniew
99. Svorada Jan

Mapei

32 years of existence, 26 cases, ie 0,81 per year

101. Ballerini Franco Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
102. Bortolami Gianluca Red card 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
103. Chiurato Andrea
104. Della Santa Stefano
105. Giovannetti Marco
106. Nicoletti Dario
107. Noe Andrea
108. Tebaldi Valerio
109. Teteriouk Andrei

Mercatone Uno

111. Bartoli Michele Yellow card 2006 : police investigation (no penalty)
112. Casagrande Francesco Red card 1998 : positive control ; 1998 : positive control ; 2004 : positive control
113. Chioccioli Franco
114. Baffi Adriano
115. Fornaciari Paolo
116. Poli Eros Red card 1986 : positive control
117. Lelli Massimiliano
118. Piccoli Mariano Red card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control (no penalty) ; 2001 : police investigation (no penalty) ; 2005 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2010 : police investigation ; 201x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
119. Martinello Silvio

Motorola

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

121. Alcala Gallegos Raul
122. Dernies Michel
123. Hampsten Andrew
124. Larsen Steven
125. Rampolo Gabriele
126. Mejia Alvaro Red card 1987 : positive control
127. Schur Jan
128. Smith Brian
129. Stenersen Bjorn

Navigare

131. Coppolillo Michele Yellow card 1999 : positive control (no penalty)
132. Podenzana Massimo Red card 1986 : positive control
133. Zanini Stefano Red card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty) ; 2001 : in the act
134. Settembrini Fabrizio Yellow card 2001 : police investigation (sanction not known)
135. Pagnin Roberto
136. Guerini Giuseppe
137. Lom Lubos
138. Strazzer Massimo Yellow card 2001 : positive control (no penalty)
139. Citracca Angelo

Polti

18 years of existence, 10 cases, ie 0,56 per year

141. Bugno Gianni Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
142. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine Red card 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
143. Fidanza Giovanni
144. Gotti Ivan Red card 1998 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2001 : in the act
145. Ouchakov Sergueï Red card 1998 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : positive control
146. Pellicioli Oscar
147. Scirea Mario Red card 2004 : in the act
148. Totschnig Georg Yellow card 2005 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
149. Zdhanov Dimitri

Telekom

23 years of existence, 48 cases, ie 2,09 per year

151. Bolts Udo Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known)
152. Heppner Jens Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
153. Henn Christian Red card 1995 : confessions in 2007 (sanction not known) ; 1999 : positive control
154. Krieger Dominik
155. Kummer Mario Yellow card 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
156. Raab Uwe Yellow card 1991 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
157. Van Orsouw Marc Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
158. Werner Jurgen
159. Wesemann Steffen

ZG Mobili

161. Casartelli Fabio
162. Ferrigato Andrea
163. Fontanelli Fabiano Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
164. Ghirotto Massimo
165. Montana Raul Yellow card 1997 : positive control (sanction not known)
166. Perini Giancarlo Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
167. Redant Hendrik
168. Rodriguez Nelson
169. Santaromita Mauro-antonio Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also